Skip to main content

Full text of "Edison Microfilm Reel 265"

See other formats

a£a  VfcOTV,  1?lp 


Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Senior  Editor 

Brian  C.  Shipley 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Linda  E.  Endersby 

David  A.  Ranzan 
Indexing  Editor 

Janette  Pardo 
Richard  Mizelle 
Peter  Mikulas 

Paul  B.  Israel 
Director  and  General  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

A  UPA  Collection  from 

tfj0'  LexisNexis- 

7500  Old  Georgetown  Road  •  Bctliesdn,  MD  20014-6126 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
,  endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  2007  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and 
index  or  of  the  microfilm  may  be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  in  any 
form  by  any  means — graphic,  electronic,  mechanical,  or  chemical,  including  photocopying, 
recording  or  taping,  or  information  storage  and  retrieval  systems— without  written  permission  of 
Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  in  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National 
Historic  Site  at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  978-0-88692-887-2 


Director  and  General  Editor 
Paul  Israel 

Senior  Editor 
Thomas  Jeffrey 

Associate  Editors 
Louis  Carlat 
Theresa  Collins 

Assistant  Editor 
David  Hochfelder 

Indexing  Editor 
David  Ranzan 

Consulting  Editor 
Linda  Endcrsby 

Visiting  Editor 
Amy  Flanders 

Editorial  Assistants 
Alexandra  Rimer 
Kelly  Enright 
Eric  Barry 

Outreach  and  Development 
(Edison  Across  the  Curriculum) 

Theresa  Collins 

Business  Manager 
Rachel  Wcisscnburgcr 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
Richard  L.  McCormick 
Ziva  Galili 
Ann  Fabian 
Paul  Clemens 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Marc  Mappen 

National  Park  Service 

Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Michelle  Ortwein 

Smithsonian  Institution 
Harold  Wallace 


Robert  Friedel,  University  of  Maryland 
Louis  Galambos,  Johns  Hopkins  University 
Susan  Hockey,  Oxford  University 
Thomas  P.  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Ronald  Kline,  Cornell  University 
Robert  Rosenberg,  John  Wiley  &  Sons 
Marc  Rothenberg,  Joseph  Henry  Papers,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Philip  Scranton,  Rutgers  University/Hagley  Museum 
Merritt  Roe  Smith,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology 


We  thankfully  acknowledge  the  vision  and  support  of  Rutgers  University  and  the 
Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers  Board  of  Sponsors. 

This  edition  was  made  possible  by  grant  funds  provided  from  the  New  Jersey  Historical 
Commission,  National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commissionand  ThcNa.ona 
Endowment  for  the  Humanities.  Major  underwriting  has  been  provided  by  the  Barkley  Tund, 
through  the  National  Trust  for  the  Humanities,  and  by  The  Charles  Edison  Foundation. 

Wc  are  grateful  for  the  generous  support  of  the  IEEE  Foundation,  the  Hyde  &  Watson 
Foundation,  the  Martinson  Family  Foundation,  and  the  GE  Foundation.  We  acknowledge  gifts 
from  many  other  individuals,  as  well  as  an  anonymous  donor;  the  Association  of  Edison 
Illuminating  Companies;  and  the  Edison  Electric  Institute.  For  the  assistance  of  all  these 
organizations  and  individuals,  as  well  as  for  the  indispensable  aid  of  archivists,  librarians, 
scholars,  and  collectors,  the  editors  are  most  grateful. 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 
The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 



Edison  General  File  Series 

E-16-01  Advertising 
E-16-02  Advice 
E- 16-03  Articles 

E-1 6-04  Autograph  and  Photograph  Requests 

E-16-05  Automobile 

E-16-06  Aviation  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-07  Bates  Numbering  Machine  [not  selected] 

E-16-08  Battery,  Storage  -  General 

E-1 6-09  Battery,  Storage  -  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company 
E-1 6-1 0  Birthday  Greetings 

E-1 6-1 1  Book  and  Journal  Orders 

E-1 6-1 2  Business  Propositions  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-1 3  Cement 

E-1 6-1 4  Cement  House 

E-1 6-1 5  Charities  and  Loans 

E-1 6-1 6  Chemicals 

E-1 6-1 7  Christmas  and  New  Year  Greetings  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-1 8  Cigarettes  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-1 9  Clubs  and  Societies 

E-1 6-20  Condensite  Company  of  America 

E-1 6-21  Deafness 

E-1 6-22  E-2  Explosion 

E-1 6-23  Ediphone 

E-1 6-24  Edison,  T.  A. 

E-1 6-25  Edison  Band 

E-1 6-26  Edison  Chemical  Works 

E-1 6-27  Edison  Crushing  Roll  Company  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-28  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-29  Edison  Portland  Cement  Company 

E-1 6-30  Edison  Pulverized  Limestone  Company  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-31  Edison  Star  [not  selected] 

E-16-32  Education 

E-1 6-33  Electric  Light 

E-1 6-34  Electric  Pen  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-35  Employment 

E-1 6-36  Equipment  and  Supplies 

E-1 6-37  Exhibitions 

E-1 6-38  Family 

E-1 6-39  Fan  Mail  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-40  Financial  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-41  Ford,  Henry 

E-1 6-42  Foreign-Language  Documents  (Untranslated)  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-43  Fort  Myers 

E-1 6-44  Glenmont 

E-1 6-45  Health  and  Diet 

E-1 6-46  Honors  and  Awards 

E-1 6-47  Insurance 

E-1 6-48  Invitations 

E-1 6-49  Lectures  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-50  Legal  -  General 

E-1 6-51  Legal  -  Legal  Department 

E-1 6-52  Legal  -  Litigation 

E-1 6-53  Milan,  Ohio  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-54  Miner's  Safety  Lamp  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-55  Mining  -  General 

E-1 6-56  Mining  -  Metals  and  Other  Minerals 

E-1 6-57  Mining  -  Ore  Milling 

E-1 6-58  Motion  Pictures 

E-1 6-59  Name  Use 

E-1 6-60  Naval  Consulting  Board 

E-1 6-61  North  Jersey  Paint  Company 

E-1 6-62  Patents 

E-1 6-63  Personal 

E-i  6-64  Phonograph  -  General 

E-1 6-65  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Works  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-66  Pohatcong  Railroad  Company  [not  selected] 

E-16-67  Politics 

E-1 6-68  Port  Huron 

E-1 6-69  Proudfoot’s  Commercial  Agency 

E-1 6-70  Radio  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-71  Real  Estate 

E-1 6-72  Religion  and  Spiritualism 

E-1 6-73  Stock  and  Bond  Offerings  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-74  Submarines  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-75  Telescribe  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-76  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  -  General 

E-1 6-77  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  -  Fire  [not  selected] 

E-1 6-78  Visitors 

E-1 6-79  Warren  County  Warehouse  Company  [not  selected] 
E-1 6-80  West  Orange  Laboratory 

E-1 6-81  World  War  I 
E-1 6-82  X-Rays 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Advertising  (E-16-01) 

This  folder  consists  primarily  of  correspondence  from  advertising 
managers  and  publishers.  Included  are  items  concerning  advertising 
strategies,  legislative  matters,  trademarks,  Edison's  opinions  of  specific 
magazines,  and  appointments  with  the  inventor.  Among  the  documents  for 
1 91 6  is  a  clipping  from  Leslie's  Illustrated  Weekly  Newspaper  announcing  the 
celebration  of  Edison  Week  and  describing  a  series  of  "tone  tests,"  which 
featured  recording  artists  alternating  their  live  performance  on  a  darkened 
stage  with  disc  recordings. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents,  including  all  letters  bearing 
substantive  marginalia  by  Edison,  have  been  selected.  The  unselected  material 
consists  primarily  of  unsolicited  correspondence  that  received  a  perfunctory 
response  or  no  reply  from  Edison. 

basson's  Statistical  organization 


Thos.  A.  Edison' a  Library, 
Orange,  il.  J. 


We  wish  to  ascertain  what  magazines 
are  most  read  by  the  more  thoughtful  business 
officials  of  the  country,  and  feel  that  such 
data  would  be  immensely  valuable. 

Experimental  advertising  is  most 
expensive  and  we  wish  to  help  our  clients, 
as  well  as  ourselves,  to  reduce  losses. 

The  Babson  list  of  clients  is  of  a 
very  high  grade.  We  believe  that  it  would  be 
a  great  help  to  many  of  our  clients  if  they 
could  know  the  class  of  magazine  publications 
read  most  generally  by  our  subscribers . 

Therefore  it  will  be  very  much  appre¬ 
ciated  if  every  one  receiving  this  letter  would 
check  off  on  the  enclosed  post  card  the  names 
of  those  magazines  that  they  read  most  thought¬ 
fully  and  receive  regularly. 

Just  a3  soon  as  we  obtain  this  infor¬ 
mation  the  results  will  be  compiled.  Those  who 
wish  to  receive  the  final  tabulation  will  pleas 
so  note  on  the  post  card. 

Thanking  you  again  for  the  spirit  of 
co-operation  which  we  always  receive,  we  remain 

Very  truly  yours, 

Babson' s  Statistical  Organization. 




%  P  V  B  L  I  C  I  T  Y 


NEW  YORK  fill"/;; 

June  19th  1916. 

My  hear  Mr.  Hflison: 

r  1 
^ — < 

You  will  remomher  a  more  oi;r  less-  . 
interesting  eonierence  at  your  home  and  a  subse- 
/  quent  one  in  your  office  on  the  subject  of  adver-  f 
I  tising. 

I  have  just  stumbled  across  a  proposition  which 
will  cost  you  nothing  but  which,  if  successful, 
will  net  you  considerable  money  in  your  phono¬ 
graph  business. 

This,  if  taken  advantage  of,  should  be  handled  at 

I  have  also  tv«o  other  propositions  which  I  am  con¬ 
fident  will  interest  you.  These  propositions  are 
outside  the  field  of  magazine  advertising  of  which 
we  formerly  spoke.  However,  I  am  certain  all 
are  based  on  fundamentals  in  the  phonograph  busi¬ 
ness.  X  wish  to  talk  these  over  with  you  person¬ 

Although  you  ore  extremely  busy  at  this  time,  I 
venture  to  guarantee  in  advance  that  t.he  five  or 
\  ten  minutes  required  for  on  interview  will  be 
^profitably  spent  by  you. 

I'xwill  come  over  any  hour  of  the  twenty-four 
which  yon  designate  through  your  personal  Secre¬ 
tary  who  has  my  telephone  number  and  address. 

Y/ith  a  keen  appreciation  of  the  courtesies  ex¬ 
tended  by  yon  to  me  in  our  last  two  interviews. 

Respectfully  yours, 


Wales  Advertising  Co. 

12*>  Eafft  2j>d  street.  New  "York 



Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Juno  27 
19  16 

Enclosed  is  a  reprint  of  a  recent  article  in  Printers'  Ink,  in 
which  I  wao  very  glad  to  have  an  opportunity  of  featuring  the  notable 
work  you  have  boon  doing  in  the  development  of  American  industries  to 
replace  many  products  formerly  imported.  This  reference  to  your 
work  wao  perhaps  neither  accurate  nor  complete,  but  it  was  propably  as 
close  to  the  mark  as  some  others  that  have  been  published} 

There  was  evidently  no  way  to  mention  the  Edison  Storage  Battery,  which 
I  regretted,  as  you  know  I  am  an  enthusiast  regarding  the  advertising  of 
the  Battery. 

With  kindest  regards, 

Very  sincerely 


Start  Now  to  Offset 
War’s  End 


James  Albert  Wales 

^urust  18th.  1916. 

Mr.  V  .  0.  Lipscomb,  tlanoglnR  editor, 
rJ.:o  neilroador, 

iioanoko,  Va. 

Dost  air; 

Year  favor  of  tho  4th  instant  adaroes- 
ofi  to  •  jEoicon  has  been  rocoivoa.  *ou  state 
therein  tfcc.t  you  are  .orbing  under  separate  cover 
a  copy  of  your  paper.  So  far  talc  papor  hoc  not 
yot  boon  received  by  us.  It  1ms  prob&oly  boon 
loot  in  tho  nails. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Kdison  laboratory. 

'UlCruiei)  Series  ferrate 

September  15,  1916* 


1  .  ,  f-  o'iO^  ^  **’ 

Dear  Friend: 

. 1 !"  9 

of  your  oxprossed  interpst  in  the 

subject  X  am  enclosing  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  which  I 
havo  just  .sent  to  l.r.  Charles  Holshauor,  of  Newark,  New 
Jersoy;  statins  my  intention  to  support  the  Stophens- 
Ashurst  BilWIte  protect  the  public  against  dishonest  adver¬ 
tising  and  finisi?  pretenses  in  merchandising"  . 

Sincerely  yours , 


September  7th,  19X6, 

lair.  Charles  Holzhauer, 

Broad  &  Market  Sts . , 

Newark,  N.  J. 

Bear  Mr.  Holzhauer 

I  have  had  no  opportunity  until  recently 
to  give  consideration  to  the  questions  involved  in  the  legis¬ 
lation  which  has  been  pending  in  this  Congress  known  as  the 
Stephens- Ashurst  Honest  Advertising  Bill. 

I  am  constantly  receiving  inquiries  from  all  parts 
of  the  State  as  to  my  attitude 'towards  this  measure  from  men 
iftho  I  know,  like  yourself,  are  doing  business  successfully 
along  legitimate  lines.  It  may,  therefore,  please  you  to 
learn *that  after  full  consideration  I  to  be  a 
measure  of  sound  public  policy  which  I  shall  be  glad  to  sup¬ 
port  when  it  comes  before  the  Senate. 

As  I  understand  the  Bill,  it  is  intended  to  prevent 
cut-throat -competition  whioh  leads  to  monopoly  and  the  elimina¬ 
tion  of  the  independent  retailer.  In  that  respect  it  seems  to 
me  it  will  further  properly  supplement  the  Sherman  Anti-Trust 

I  am  frank  to  say  that  I  have  been  considerably  in¬ 
fluenced  in  ray  deoieion  regarding  this  legislation  by  the  argu¬ 
ment  which  Mr.  Justice  Brandeis  made  in  its  behalf  before- the 
committee  of  the  last  Congress.  In  fact,  1  do  not  see  how  any 
fair-minded  man  who  realizes  the  abuses  prevalent  in  the  distri 
bution  of  merchandise  today  can,  after  reading  Justice  Brandeis 
statement,  fail  to  be  convinced,  no  matter  how  prejudiced  he 
may  previously  have  been  by  superficial  aspects  and  clever 
arguments  of  the  Bill's  opponents.  It  seems  to  me.  a  measure 
which  is  directly  in  the  public  interest  and  which  should  be 
supported  by  all  who  believe  in  honest  trading. 

Sincerely  yours. 

For  the  oast  year  the  Victor  Talking  h'f.chine 
Ct,;  ".ler.c*  has  enjoyed  the  diet  5  notion  of  ho  lag 
oreaentcd  t.  ot.r  refers,  ~ith  -.11  the  £c:.d 
that  can  k*  said  of  the  Tk’.iaon  T-:  Iking  Itaohine,  I 
think  you  will  agree  with  tae  that  in  Justice  to  your¬ 
self  and  yov.r  product  that  ths  coluirxr.  cf  The  Hew 
York  nooning  Pcet  should  he  used  for  y  ur  advert! n- 

I  trust  y_u  r.'ill  favor  us  with  ar.  order  for 
the  insertion  of  the  enclosed  copy. 


In  the  United  States  alone,  the  industries  founded  by  Thomas  A.  111  T** 

Edison  give  employment  to  six  hundred  thousand  human  beings.  L\JLs\-r  L 

Edison  Week  is  observed  every  year  by  a  group  of  these  industries  in  ft/f  Vjl  y'  Oil  (oil- 
recognition  of  Mr.  Edison’s  contributions  to  science  and  commerce  JllU)  ItJlU  LiJ 

The  New  Edison 

OF  the  various  arts  and  sciences,  Mr.  Edison  takes  the  greatest 
interest  in  the  recording  and  reproduction  of  sound. 
Unquestionably,  of  all  his  numerous  inventions,  the  New 
Edison,  the  instrument  of  Music's  Re-Creation,  is  his  favorite. 
It  marks  the  goal  of  his  ambition  to  record  and  reproduce  all  forms  of 
music  with  such  utter  perfection  that  the  reproduction  can  not  be 
distinguished  from  the  original  music. 

Mr.  Edison  has  perfected  this  new  instrument  for  the  reproduction 
of  music,  and  recently  submitted  it  to  comparison  with  the  voices  of 
such  great  artists  as  Marie  Rappold,  Anna  Case  and  Arthur  Middleton 
of  the  Metropolitan  Opera  Company,  Thomas  Chalmers  of  the  Boston 
Opera  Company,  Alice  Verlet  of  the  Paris  Opera,  Christine  Miller, 
Elizabeth  Spencer  and  Marie  Kaiser,  the  great  concert  singers. 

Remember,  these  great  artists  stood  beside  the  NeW  Ediszn  in 
Carnegie  Hall,  New  York,  Symphony  Hall,  Boston,  the  Asfor 
Gallery,  and  other  shrines  of  music.  They  sang  in  direct  compari¬ 
son  with  Edison’s  reproduction  of  their  voices.  More  than  200,000 
music  lovers  attended  these  demonstrations  and  were  unable  to 
distinguish  the  original  from  the  reproduction.  The  music  critics 
of  more  than  two  hundred  of  America's  leading  newspapers 
admitted  that  they  were  unable  to  detect  the  slightest  difference. 
To  differentiate  this  new  instrument  from  ordinary  talking  machines, 
the  critics  coined  a  new  expression—  Music's  Re-Creation. 

These  astounding  tests  have  proved  conclusively  to  music 
critics  everywhere  that  the  New  Edison  is  incomparably  superior 
to  any  and  all  other  devices  for  the  reproduction  of  sound.  We 
have  the  verdict  of  the  American  press  and  American  music 
critics.  We  now  want  the  verdict  of  the  American  people. 

Bringing  it  home  to  you — $1,000  in  Prizes 

And  10  cents  a  word  for  your  opinion,  as  explained  below 

IN  every  locality  thcro  is  a  merchant  licensed  by  Mr. 
Edison  to  demonstrate  and  sell  the  New  Edison.  Theso 

tested  Instruments  which  will  bo  sent  on  absolutely  free 
trial  to  the  homes  of  responsible  people  during  EdisonWcck. 
Bring  Music's  Re-Creation  into  your  home.  Keep  the  in- 

$500  for  the  Best  Opinion 
$200  for  tho  Second  Best  Opinion 
$100  for  tho  Third  Best  Opinion 

-ords  in  length 

The  Contest  Closes  October  20,  1916 

The  Conditions  are  perfectly  simple 

threo°daraEfrMn<r/e/'of1the,New1,Edison  during  Edison 
>r - - -  late  ho  will  give  you  an  entry 

and  misspell  words  and  It  will  not  count  against  you.  The 
New  Edison  stirs  deep  feelings  in  music  lovers  souls.  Wo 
want  your  feelings  expressed  freely  in  your  own  words. 
Don't  wait.  Act  quickly.  Remember  tho  number  of  instru- 

or  these  free  trials  is  limited.  Should  you 
ivq  an  instrument  placed  in  your  home, 
Uiere  is  u  nuusuiUtion  contest  open  to  you  for  the  best  opin¬ 
ions  based  on  merely  hearing  the  New  Edison  in  an  Edison 

$125  First  $50  Second  $25  Third 
Tho  Contest  Closes  October  28,  1916 
Tho  dealer  will  explain  everything  to^you.  Go  to  his  store 

Let  us  help  you  win  a  Prize 

to  us  at  once  and  wo  shall  gladly  send  you  these 
MuVtcrhhCobnvCohrsion''  and '“What 'Tho  Critics  Thin! 


October  20,  1916. 

Mr.  Edison: 

Heferring  to  the  attached  letter  from  the  Adver¬ 
tising  Manager  of  the  New  York  Evening  Eost,  there  is  no 
question  that  the  Eost  has  the  highest  class  circulation  of 
any  paper  in  New  York  City,  and  if  I  were  in  George  Babson's 
place  I  should  take  an  occasional  advertisement  in  it.  I 
presume  that  his  reason  for  not  doing  so  is  because  the  rate 
is  popularly  supposed  to  he  out  of  proportion  to  the  size  of 
the  circulation.  ^ 

I  don't  think  that  we,  as  a  Company,  should  take  ^ 

any  advertising  in  the  New  York  Evening  Eost  or  any  other  .  . 

newspaper  at  the  present  time.  Che  minute  we  advertise  in  one_  V 
newspaper  all  the  other  newspapers,  not  alone  in  New  York  City* 
hut  the  country  at  large,  will  he  after  us  -  also  our  dealers#*)^ 

At  the  present  time  we  are  getting  more  advertising 
for  the  money  spent  than  I  ever  saw  any  other  manufacturer  get. 

Our  dealers  are  convinced  that  we  are  not  going  to  spend  any 
money  in  newspapers  at  present,  and  most  of  them  are  reconciled 
to  that  fact.  Accordingly  they  are  going  ahead  and  spending 
their  own  money.  Even  through  the  summer  months  when  most 
dealers  quit  advertising,  there  were  several  hundred  who  kept 
plugging  away  using  the  interlocking  copy  which  we  furnished 
them.  I  believe  that  from  now  until  next  spring  at  least  one 
half  of  our  dealers  will  advertise  in  the  newspapers  consistent¬ 
ly.  In  my  opinion  we  cannot  afford  to  disturb  the  present 
situation  by  doing  any  newspaper  advertising  over  our  own  name. 

With  special  reference  to  the  New  York  Evening  Eost, 
we  can  reoommend  to  George  Babson  that  he  take  some  space  in  it, 
or  we  might  go  into  an  arrangement  with  Charles  Edison  to  pay 
part  or  all  of  the  oost  of  some  ads  in  the  New  York  Evening  Eost 

Orange  s  ,  ewvvt^  •'j  “*  v'i!  £•*■■*■ 

Dear  eiril  am  sending  you  under  eeperate  cover  an  enlarged, hand 
colored, framed  picture  of  the  Panama  Pacific  Exposition  at  San  Francis  , 

tho  or,isl;:i:.ssor.ri.XdJS  :E°;«  « 

came  to  me  in  a  dream  that  you  were  looking  for  a  new  trade  marx  for 
wroducto  of  the  Edioon  f actorie 0 ,you  wanted  a  design  which  would 
ornamental  as  well  as  suggestive  of  what  the  name  Edison  represents  (that 
is  the  brightest  light  in  the  Electrical  world)you  had  begun  to  feel  that 
vour  signature  was  too  plain, you  wanted  to  brighten  it  up, so  that  the 
purchasing  public  would'take Notice .not  because  tho  light  of  Edison  inven 
tive  genius  had  lost  any  of  its  brightness  only  you  felt  that  it  needed 
lighting  up, so  when  I  awoke  and  the  dream  came  to  my  n<jtive  senses  n° 
small  photo  X  am  enclosing  herewith  came  to  ray  mind  and  I  decided  to  enlar 
ge.JH;  color, and  frame  it, and  send  it  to  you  so  that  it  may  adorn  tho  walls 
of 'your  laboratory  or  your  home  as  you  see  fit.  . 

The  small  photo  enclosed  herewith  you  mny  use  to  secure  ^je^reproaucto 
ion,  from  which  plateyou  can  secure  tho  electrotypes,  for  t’-~ 
lithographed  design  and  future  trademark  for  all  the  mdi: 

will  readily  understand  what  a  trademark  like  this  will  a-  - - - 

a  demand  for  the  articles  it  is  placed  upon, for  thousands  of  people 
the  lighting  effects  at  the  Exposition  yet  thy  have  not  a  pic  ” 
bring  its  beauty  back  to  memory, thousands naoolo  have  talk: 

Edison  lights, and  other  cc 
to  memory  the  days  when  ti 

light  was  just  beginning  1-  -  -  - 

has  fully  manifested  itself  why  not  brighten  it  up  by  writing  your 
signature  across  the  lights  in  the  cloud  in  the  picture. 

bring  it  out  in  colors  and  you  will  find  that  the  selling  power  oi  ^uibu.* 
products  will  recieve  a  great  impetus, for  those  who  buy  will  know  who 
they  see  this  trademark  that  tho  product  is  of  the  Edioon  highest  standard 
of  will  have  tho  same  effect  as  the  insignia  of  th  Rico  Load 
ers  of  the  World  has,  on  the  goods  it  is  placed  upon, 

If  my  dream  tomes  true  and  you  find  this  design  acceptable  and  I 
feel  sure  that  you  will, as  a  componsation  for  the  use  of  it  ?£>*'  you  may 
send  me  ono  of  those  Edison  Diamond  point  reproduced  cabinet  typejdisc 
Talking  Machines, I  have  had  a  desire  to  own  one  of  those  machines  for  a 
long  time, and  a  design  like  thio  ought  to  be  worth  this  much  to  anyone 
and  if  you  feel  that  it  is  of  any  greater  value  to  you  as  an  advertising 
medium, a  draft  will  find  mo  thro  the  Union  Savinge  and  Trust  bank 

hero  ^“i®e^Je;eQch  you  ln  time  to  that  you  can  place  the  new  design  on 
the  Ohristmae  records  and  give  the  people  an  Exposition  Edison  lighw 
surprise, so  thanking  you  to  accept  the  enlarged  photo  with  mj 

i  products, you 

>  of  peoplo  have  talking  machines 
of  Edison  manufacture  which  bring 
ire  was  not  these  things, days  when  tho  Edison 
>  break  thro  the  clouds, and  now  that, that, light 

■eproduce  it 


yh  ^  • 



Respectfully  youra 

*  '  - 

#22  -  R< 

>  / 

605  Yeoler  Way 

Seattle  x'-* 


December  4,  191G, 

iir.  Harry  E.  n ancon, 

G0I  Yeclo'r  bay, 

boat tie ,  bash. 

Doar  Eir:- 

Your  favor  of  tho  20th  ultira  to  Dr. 
Edison  vss  rocoivod  and  brought  boforo  him  for 
hie  consideration. 

Ho  requests  mo  to  cay  that  whilo  ho 
greatly  appreciate-  your  eourtosy  in  offering  . 
hira  the  ui.o  of  your  picture  as  an  advertising 
trado-marfe,  ho  cannot  sec  his  v.ay  clear  to  maho 
use  of  it.  In  the  first  pi:...: o ,  our  precont 
trade-mark  lias  boon  estcbliohod  for  a  great 
many  years  and  it  trould  bo  inadvisable  to  chango 
it  at  this  late  date.  in  the  second  place,  tho 
pieturo  you  have  kindly  offorod  i-ould  havo  no 
roforonoo  for  application  to  phonographs. 

l!r.  Edison  wishes  mo  to  extend  his 
thanlx  to  you  for  your  eourtosy  in  Bonding  hira 
tho  enlarged  color  pieturo,  which  bill  bo  hung 
in  the  Laboratory. 

Yours  very  truly. 

.assistant  to  Hr..  Edison. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Advice  (E-16-02) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  from  inventors  and  others  asking  for 
Edison's  advice  on  technical  matters  or  his  assistance  in  improving  or 
promoting  inventions.  Included  is  a  draft  response  in  Edison’s  hand  concerning 
the  use  of  respirators  by  workers  in  his  factories.  Also  included  are  references 
to  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  and  letters  about  war-related  inventions  similar 
to  the  unsolicited  correspondence  in  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  and  Related 
Wartime  Research  Papers,  Special  Collections  Series.  The  correspondents 
include  Charles  E.  Adams,  director  of  the  Hector  Observatory  in  New  Zealand. 

Less  than  5  percent  of  the  documents,  including  all  items  bearing 
substantive  marginalia  by  Edison,  have  been  selected. 


^-u^trr  W 

.  ,  - -^Lu  ^  f— 

f ■  Lutf-i  : 


^,... . . 


— W/'i. _ _ 

lvl  w 

t/«.’  TL  4  t^r? 

•■’  J\)  £.  CC  V-  .  S-CrT-  /*£ ivcu#  .'«•.  X  1 L  4:t^ 

.  . '  _ /£j ..  .  .  V?  ?i  Irf:  ”//  (Cut  A 

_c~  cl  -?  =s — ...  .  <$*£.£  (  £.cC.  y  .. 

£  £ .  VX  &  /  r  a  -'-  <*_  C4-i  f_  c~  c-c.  <_  Tc  d.  :t  y  'p&trrz...  .  ' 

-  %  t  .  iff-  did  flCTlCnii  t^L~^lrC  dfu 

'iLa  v-y  ...  d  Il  clsCL-  <Z  iChfrrr£..fcxL. Lien c  7h..'.4i/(.fat  ‘L-(~- . 

,:A. .  $£u_42Lar  _L /,... i£  ...c<T. . .  .0,  -CtcLu  . 

_ ^-L.u'i. .  Lt _ Cl fpr  CL  t. -C,  err ~ (»<<—«_ t.Sfcu. ^UteJL.  .£■  *-r..«U 

..  'yiU.  a-wt _ 'if3'7'1  A  CI-  J-cL^l.  C-tLd  ,  .  . . .  .  . ._... 

. JL.£ _ M>  ....  cl^< - CX.rX.cuL_  .sUclccJ-  _ /zCc?.. . .._. 

.  dots. • l-Lerl .... .  t-L^LL  ..  JlXL.o-^ji*}.  .  C?~~...  .Cjco^.D  ~C7.  7/t  .C.c  J.  cC 

e.«.c_  cC  tcL*  ■  C-iiJT.Urc-. .  __  CL+-1 — (Lift'd' 

Ccl'jr-£  ....  :&r\c.<—cL.  .  'Cs^/jtA--  ...  l-d-O-  /  i.y6  • •.  .  Ai-.J-i.. .  CL-1 'Jl-  £., — 

1-tLiu^ . _.jGU-w<L..  f-ULCC  cLC-VltcrJi . tUjXdkiJ.i . 

...  JCL^mL^ . I'UritC . _  UC-Z.Cj-i'L  .. . <tJdrru<-£  _  -dch  U+ - 

.yfrt-tsi—L*aC/:L  (L-t{ 4;< ...  . - - — -  - — — - - - - - ; - - - - 

. £  _.Jeo . . .... cicXL.  Tr&JjL*- -...-jrfjLjLLcL  1jCLc*~cL 

fa..dkuJL(L _ OjLuol.  6-sZZ  ,/L.C  Uc^.JtirL  J=_^ucu — tfjJLedH — 

CL^ci _ ,-  CL  77-  .Cl-l-  c.y. . ClX  C  C  Lc^cU - - 

.Cc-c-ucC  it  ...  6  LL'ri  c  <Ut  .  (TIL  U$  he  n  cuc/cf 

_.-6sL  ZZZ/ZLLil  .  tu  jdjuu^ct  -<2  ar±<-  til  y-c^^i-^rt.rrni 
£~LML _ st-t-t  f/r  j  jlt-'f—  -tlrw 3"  .  Vf  JjILL-.S-  c.  a« cLrrltL  at  tt . 

Z)  'z'tio  .sVuL-a-^f-  Jlo~fS^ . Zo 

/■  U  t  c  C  . .  <5l^Oy  .SUL  Left  /It.  "f  V<  a— <. —  "  /  •  ;/- 

.^C Z-CL  jtS&0'ki£  ,  Mi  >  UL  e.^d,  (^r~  'ZXlc.  ^Zin  tU, 

.  C?  .  Z?CL^<-:  Z ct.iu.L-  ^ &.  .  ^-L-a ,C^c.y^-cd_  'jxxr.  bo6.  •■* 

...CC^..:S-.--tZ.a^^ _ ^6l—  a£.C  ^/’ic  .  .Ur-rrZj  ,.u.vUf .  &Lijj .  '/rXtl  • 

..  .:.  Zr^'-f Zfzt-Li.  ...  JL&.LjLl  CU^--L ...  •''kk  U'7 - 

.  yV'  ‘3r(u~<-  L.t  , . - •V  (- . -•_ - v_; -  -- 

. . ZhoUf..-..$a=e^cra-A. 6 c*^.  - La~*-L  L^l  &:t  'ynr--<-  70 

. ^  /a. .  .£<4 /  £1^.  . «-<-<_  <L  I  tu  .  ^rcL<-.<x. 

Cu^cL  ttfr..*  c[.  .  .U{,— n~~/ 1 S  CX-^-cU-  <Ljx^^.  ct  f~oX. 

.To  sj'tt  l  'b}'-r-L  <-  ■  6c.  -  l  LO-lfr  U<-c7  .,  .u,c,..“//^  ^Ut-’C 

.  'Zi-L  - -  - - - - - -  .  . ■---- .  •  . . - . - . . 

. JL^r.  -Zc.-  ±Z/L.  zLUou- . Wc.6^: 

-J^OrLL-  — ^  3--1  .crJ,  ta-L 

_ lcLl-clS- _ -CL**icC-  £*.«_< — 

. .. -  .'.C^.A..  ... 

_ M&cL^ZZ£dJL- .  ./MULJTVJlUj..^. - - - •-_ .  - .  . 

_ L/}.Zu  .uixlclj. i.^-Lc-a.— .^^vc-Zl . Zl  ( ntcL  —  ....... 

(61 .  fi.jL  <£Z.  <U-.  ^.^T-fr-u.  Q^-4-tL.  LZs-<. - ffC 

JZe7lL.<)  .  •  . ' . . V. . - - - - 

^  (X  JtiPj  W.:C - -^^C.<U_X  -  -CL  .  .7~.C,  t.  .U-'tf-y  _ 

'76  .7-0.  Z-vi-t - C.C _ c-U_ .  .7'  ^X.'_. .  a  O-.-  ...CL^^ci  .  ...  ktc. 

X. cT  cc  7i  ... .  s7-7-  X.  a-t«c. ct 7/.Xuc. „ ,cL,t.tly..JO^_  .a. . 

X’  "l-Lt  Jj  .  L^-<— . _ (3-c.ccy  /]  7  L. ■-<<-:£  t/!  a _ 

fit,-  '  ^ 

X-  rKC  •  _ _  _ _ _ _  _  ... 

^^  X./kUdi  A  uvts - Cu^tk - cL.  _  ,-ut,*-cui.t ^c.. 

7  .jti  £7~ <£. £.(—  l^C —  (^L-.cCi.  — CLfi~~o  0  6  ■  - 

J.LCL. (-Z  S 0.0  ^.yL  C^-  L  .  ^~  £~L  i/1.  ?~  . .  _  ... 

- -  ,yt<_  O-cLu  ^yi,  ^ t .  CA-c- 77  '.m  l lclC~ 

7  ■  X~CC£_  (£-7  C<-C  .  7~^,_ 

Xt-£_.  Cc  /:-£  .  <<i,  6  (.  -  a-t'^(_  UA.<L..J: _ _ _ I _ _ _  .  . 

.  •' . . ^2"6.6  7"/  .7r:UJ  .$  {?.e  Zf^LU./. _ _ '  ... 

.  '.. . filtLC-  )!e  7'Li.t/:r. 

-  . . <4 . /.  j.  .J&.a.trJ'.C  tu cL.  /pcrL. 

—  - - - y&JLL(JL.  fi-fckL  (.aXt,  '-i/l 

MS.MM  OIL  Company 

Mr. Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Wirt , Oklahoma. 1/19/1916. 

c\  Ccrvitcr-r»  t- 

,  T/U/<rr& 

toA*  ^  w  (Jxwg 

^iBTa^roauoer^i  erode  o|l  1, and  we  .1  V\ 

*Y  6 Wk  04^-^ 

jf  Ebhis  oi3rjin. steel  tanks, when  the 

jreat.  hazard  in  &p 

in  storing 


Dear  Sir;- 

Our  Company' 

store  large  quantities  of 

market  is  low, and  there  is  a  yer&/„ - 

ULwetu  Uvtuf 

this  oil  from  the  fact  that  the  escaping  gas  is  often  ignit¬ 
ed  by  lightning  and  the  tank  and  all  its  eontent^a3\c  a 
oomplete  loss.  ^ 

These  tanks  hold  55,000  barrels  o<£_the  crude 
oil, hence  you  can  see  the  immense  loss, either  to  ourselves, 
or  the  insurance  Co.  We  are  now  carrying  this  risk  and  have 
no  insurance  on  most  of  the  oil. 

Could  you  devise  some  means  whereby  this  loss 
could  be  leBBened;if  so  you  would  have  done  a  great  thing  for 
the  oil  industry  of  the  world? 

If  you  care  to  go  into  the  matter  further, I  shall 
be  glad  to  give  you  any  data  that  I  can  procure  from  the 

ld  Thanking  you  for  any  attention  given  this  matter, 

I  am, 


5  a**  ?+*»+**  C° 

(LZu4-&ru  SQ-Z-dA,  SC. 

LAyr~v^Ayu\Q _ Jy^x^jb  ItMtA  %  v  )&y* 

>f,  a  /)  'n/  c /^'/Pusy- 

JA.  tdufcutyi 
d  f  PhL  U>ir-r~ld-  ^P' 

■;  4,i 

Uh1\  7^^ . 

•  Ioia  £.Xod^x  9 

Cl  %octiJuaJL  th^vi  tk 

aUA4  c &ttt-vt- 




v~  mh— 


/Od,  ' 

Yrt)  C&sisu  JffiisiyIA/  CL- 

i^a.  vct~rp  jbt  ^c^-nir 

't^Mji  cl  Jbuz  b^Lot  .? 

ZfUL  LXJJL  ^  n 

Jlfr-^T-4  cttA^  J  c>^~ 

pkz  y£a  suasU  IrvuAcJl^ 

JLrJjC  .&%■ 

bb'u  b^>:  Ml~t-'  £a&A  ^ybi 

^ba.  bz  ■Jt-'T'  fat-  yu-  /H  ^ 

bjr  cU  rJr^  mtidr  eyL^ 

Ayvu  ■;f  Mie  mhM  •ry-'-'*-^y  1  ^y  ■'  • 

,v'f  f  ; /  Y  V" *?<-'  >'-'••*  ”•<!'.  -'*  f  ■<,  'v  '  I'/  y-‘ /'  • 

T  dZdkLbzti  -<dk£  (TSUwiU, 

(Ms  vUvn  Qxiy^ru-I cu^LJM^r-  fifu^Awct 

^J-d^  jJSZvLfU  M  s>  yje 

'^desuicL  ><£b'utz^  fblba^yL<^'?  \?  " 

~}yidx!JL  ClWcL  9  Lh^tJil  uxl. 

. "  ' 

y%r(^k  (lAJuUdj  V 

_ (y  /bA-ut^,.  o^ri- 



4A*U^  /sUL^i  f-VL 

\/,  „  a^(  ^  **j  ir  t  .  f% 

-** '■?*'  s  ■  ** : .  a. .. ,., a  Wkjl  ' 

(-  ,,  U^N.ktA 

L/;i^  (£»&&*&'. 



fe-  Orange, 

*52..  '— — 

Hew  Jersey. 

yy  dear  Hr.  Kdison:- 

you  will 

green-horn  fisherman  who  eaught  the  first  tarpon  at  '-•--> 

Port  Myers  some  years  ago,  when,  through  the  kind  Bug- 

gostions  of  yours olf  Mrs.  Dudley  and  I  were  pursued- 

ed  to  go  to  Port  Myers  for  a  short  V/tnter  vacatibn. -  ;  !l 

Mrs.  Dudley  and  I  both  rocoll  with  much  pleasure  the 

onjoyable  and  interesting  days  spent  at  Port  Kyers  /••«* 

mode  so  to  a  lores degree  hy  the  kindness  of  Mrs.  Bdi- 

son  and  yourself.  ^y-rr/j 

As  you  will  reeolloet  I  was  one  of7  t ‘^V 
tho  diroators  of  the  iTiapnro  Palls  Power  Company  at  '“j*' 
the  time  you  gave  us  valuable  assistance  in  connection  ^ 
with  the  eleotrieel  development  here  and  I  am  still'*'" iyi"* 
largely  interested  in  power  and  railroad  matters  inJ(.-<v< ,v  <n  _ 

V/cstern  Hew  York.  A‘“<' "  ^ 

She  matter  of  additional  power  da-,  4.,.'.’.’"^ 
■wnlopment  has  rooeived  considerable  attention  of  late  ^ 

,  first,  to  a  changed  sentiment  oril'u'  J4l,  *' 

owing  primarily 
the  part  of  the  public  and,  second,  to  the  fact  that 
the  Canadian  Government  sontomplateB another  large 


development  on  the  Canadian  side.  V/nilo  I  'enow  mu  eh 
of  tlio  following  information  is  within  your  personal 
knowledge ,  I  take  the  liberty  of  calling  your  atten¬ 
tion  to  the  following: 

The  waters  flowing  over  the  Falls  are 
capable  of  developing  in  excess  of  5,000,000  horsepower; 
approximately  500,000  horsepower  is  nov:  being  develop¬ 
ed,  which  uses  about  one-tenth  of  the  available  water. 

As  an  economical  proposition,  and  having  in  mind  the  ul¬ 
timate  benefit  to  mankind,  there  can  bo  no  argument,  of 
course,  in  favor  of  permitting  of  such  a  gigantic  waste 
of  energy  which  could  be  devoted  to  industrial  develop¬ 
ment.  in  any  event,  the  taking  of  an  additional 
quantity  of  water  sufficient  for  the  development  of 
500,000  oloctrical  horsepower  would  make  no  appreciable 
difference  in  the  scenic  features  of  the  Falls  of  Niag¬ 
ara,  conditioned  of  course  on  the  proper  distribution 
of  the  flow  of  water  being  made  above  the  Falls. 

The  present  treaty  between  the  United 
States  and  Great  Britain  relating  to  boundary  waters, 
permits  of  the  taking  of  20,000  cubic  feet  from  the 
American  side,  although  but  15,600  cubic  feet  are  now 
being  taken.  This  treaty  was  made  on  the  11th  day 
of  January,  1909  for  five  years,  and  continues  until 


terminated  by  twelve  months  notice  by  either  of  the  con¬ 
tracting  parties. 

V/o  must  recognize  s  sentiment  throughout  the 
United  States  against  the  doing  of  anything  which  would 
work  a  destruction  of  the  scenic  features  of  the  Falls. 

Hy  plan,  contemplated,  briefly,  the  secur¬ 
ing  of  the  right  to  take  sufficient  water  from  the  Amer¬ 
ican  side  to  develop  an  additional  500,000  oleotrical 
horsepower,  taking  tho  water  from  the  Niagara  River  in 
tho  vicinity  of  La  Salle,  which  is  approximately  six 
milos  up  tho  River  from  the  Falls,  and  conveying  it  to 
the  Niagara  Escarpemenfc  near  Lewiston,  a  distance  of  a- 
bout  seven  miles,  whore  a  fall  is  obtained  of  approxi¬ 
mately  300  feet,  and  thence  discharging  the  water  into 
the  lower  lliagura  River,  so-called,  below  the  Escarp¬ 
ment,  an  additional  distanoe  of  a  littlo  over  a  mile, 
and  in  so  doing  construct  a  ship  canal,  of  sufficient 
depth  and  width  to  handle  any  vessel  which  may  trav¬ 
erse  the  Great  Lakes,  utilizing  tho  lower  Niagara  River 
as  an  outlet.  V/e  ore  now  dependent  upon  the  V/elland 
Canal,  which  extends  from  Port  Colburno  on  Lake  Erie  to 
Port  DolhouBio  on  Lake  Ontario,  across  the  whole  upper 
peninsula  of  Canada,  a  vary  great  distanoe,  with  num¬ 
erous  locks,  tho  V/elland  Canal  being  entirely  on  for- 


oign  soil.  7o  would  have  a  ship  oanal  hut  bout  eight 
miles  in  length,  and  the  looks  would  he  so  arranged  that 
tho  looking  oould  he  d  ono  in  suooession.  The  time  in 
passing  from  Lake  Erie  to  Lake  Ontario  would  he  about  one- 
fourth  of  that  now  o onsumed  by  tho  yollnnd  Canal  route.  Tho 
proposed  oanal  would  he  entirely  in  our  ov.n  oountry,  the 
importanoe  of  whioh  to  our  oornmoroo  needs  no  argument. 

This  oanal  I  would  propose  to  build  and  give 
to  tho  government,  in  consideration  of  their  granting  us 
sufficient  water  to  develop  500,000  horsepower.  The  gov¬ 
ernment  ,  of  oourse,  subsequently  to  maintain  and  operate 
the  oanal. 

in  addition  thereto,  and  perhaps  tho  most  im¬ 
portant  to  tho  government  and  to  our  people,  is  the  foot 
that  wo  would  have  elootrioal  onorgy  available,  in  oase 
of  war,  for  the  manufacture  of  munitions  siiffioiont  to 
make  us  independent  of  mineral  nitrates  obtained  from 
foreign  oountries.  Of  oourse  you  recognize  modern  ex¬ 
plosives  aro  practically  all  nitro  oompounds,  and  thst 
the  great  supply  of  nitrates  in  the  past  have  been  ob¬ 
tained  from  Chili  in  tho  form  of  nitrate  of  soda.  Ger¬ 
many  recognized  the  importance  of  raanufaoturing  nitrate 
from  air  by  virtue  of  power  development  many  years  ago, 
and  the  work  has  so  been  completely  carried  out  that 


Germany  i-  nov:  able,  through  her  eleetricol  power  no- 
velopment  to  fix  nitrogen  economically  sufficient  to 
protluco  her  own  explosives,  end  ,ere  this  net  the  fast 
and  sho  were  dependent  on  Chili  salt  petre  or  nitrate 
of  soda,  she  would  have  been  out  of  the  running  long 
•before  this. 

With  this  onromous  power  development  per¬ 
fected  and  available  in  the  manufacture  of  munitions, 
it  would  take  less  than  six  months  to  convert  all  of  this 
electrical  energy  into  active  agencies  in  the  manu¬ 
facture  of  nitrates,  and  give  to  ns  nitrate  supply 
which  would  he  sufficient  tp  furnish  us  munitions. of 
war  to  the  full  extent  of  the  tremendous  demands  which 
the  next  war  will  force  upon  us.  Further,  this  loca¬ 
tion  will  he  so  far  removed  from  the  seaboard  that  it 
would  be  easy  to  project  it  against  all  sorts  of  at¬ 

ay  association  with  the  electrical  power 
development  in  this  locality  has  presented  to  me  an 
apportnnity  to  m.  «W  «•»*»*  “  ”'h"  ’*"* 

BtuW,  ona  I  Mvo  taa  *>*°  of'entor-e  ol  o  S“1  °f  tortUU.  ot  po  stops  «*  •1“*«  5M"1- 

-.1  .oporto  in  our  oountry.  — .  **• 

assistonos  on!  aoopor.«»,  .«»•»*  »“«”«  *>“  '"9™' 
any  money,  tnoy  nonia  to  .M.  •"  — 


?irst:-  A  ship  canal  on  our  own  territory 
v.hiah  would  greatly  facilitate  and  increase  our  inter¬ 
nal  and  international  3on:meroe. 

Sooona-.-Givc  our  oountry  in  time  of  peaoe 
a  tremendous  industrial  development  ’.'.'hi oh  would  be  felt 
the  world  over,  v.-ith  an  additional  500,000  eloetrioal 
horsepower  available  for  manufacturing  and  transporta¬ 
tion  purposes.  Portions  of  this  power,  until  greater 
demands  ewist  therefor,  oould  be  utilized  in  the  manu- 
faeture  of  phosphates  in  the  making  more  valuable  our 
lands  in  the  South; 

Third:-  Electrical  energy  available  in 
times  of  war  to  afford  a  sure  and  sufficient  supply 
of  nitro  compounds  to  manufacture  all  of  the  munitions 
of  war,  without  depending  on  foreign  nitrates,  or  on 
sporadic  and  widely  separated  power  plants,  where  dif¬ 
ficulties  of  protection  and  transportation  would  have 
to  be  over-come. 

In  ray  study  and  development  of  this  matter 
I  have  given  full  weight  to  opposing  public  sentiment, 
and  I  3m  satisfied  that  any  American  with  a  reasonable 
affection  for  his  country  and  e  desire  for  its  advance¬ 
ment  and  protection,  will  not  hesitate,  under  the  cir¬ 
cumstances,  to  sacrifice  a  little  of  his  aesthetic 
feelings  for  the  great  benefit  and  protection  which  would 


accrue  to  tho  whole  country. 

Another  thought  which  I  have  aonfldenee  will 
appeal  to  you  is  tho  harge  canal  will  soon  he  completed 
and  it  occurs  to  me  the  most  practicable  method  of  pro¬ 
pulsion  of  canal  hoots  is  by  storage  battery,  each  boat 
being  thus  solf-aontained ,  so  far  as  relates  to  power 
permitting  of  the  barges  going  directly  through  to  Hew 

The  State  possesses  the  right  of  way  for  a 
transmission  line  and  suitable  storages  between 

Albany  and  Hew  York  could  be  located  for  storage  purpos¬ 
es.  Of  course,  the  ship  canal  is  not  a  necessity  to  the 
power  proposition  but  it  is  an  important  inoidont  and 
perhaps  a  controlling  one  to  the  accomplishment  of  the 
general  plan  indicated. 

I  think  it  hardly  necessary  to  more  than 
state  here  that  the  markot  for  power  will  be  sufficient 
to  justify  a  satisfactory  return  on  tho  monies  invested. 

V/hile  1  would  have  considerable  influence 
in  the  way  of  socuring  financial  support  to  this  propos¬ 
ition,  I  fool  a  great  desire  before  seriously  going  a- 
head  to  hove  your  approval  and  if  tho  matter  scorns  prno- 
tiooblo  ultimo toly  to  have  your  co-operation  and  parti¬ 
cipation  in  the  rnsult  and  would  be  glad  to  hoar  from 

you  in  due  course. 

With  kindest  personal  regards,  I  am, 
Yours  truly , 

.Qjr&w*~2&t  '* veyt.o 

a^ewuM  "i"‘  ¥  tft,e!>v' 

H-vr^Tf'r? , 

O^o  -  <C  _J_ 

,'a/  ff  ^A^x^feJ  Jfe 

.  sfte^rT/ilrfejf^  rtf  Tfx— 

%  r'^Z  %  *  ■  ‘ 

r>^c-  „4^ 

/  — '  <a  '  ■  4. 

A  7 
1  /  7, 

TTus  /u^&faet. 

^  *2^^- 
\  ^  i  /  »*-j_  v  ^y-zOyy^ 

'lauaaL  ^ ;,  ' 

^  // /r  y^t)L 


Tyiuis  LaJ--^  yyyyy 
y  r/l/v  /  yyyi'iAys&t.  ^ 't^2' 

/  - 

M*  /-'  - 

^yljL  'Xhyyy'L  ^ 

i  /Us  „ 

^^~yt  ^0y£/{- 


ca£L  iJ&ysUstQ 
^  &U2-  f*^ny? 


fry-  Xus 


fj  ^u  T^J  j-J 
Tyyyyyc^/  /,  ^>4 
-  /  i_~  rf  p, 

AAAyCA^  '7)  A't'*^'' 

l^iZ.  ^AAsU__  A^yu-y 


till  ^yyyJjzy^y  -  J^/- 


•>>  ^ 

7%  ^  c\ 

/  '  .4-  -  ^  yj  - 

^  irTWssy-  tjfc 

hi .  &UU,  ^J^Uh  $-  ’yl 

hie  cho  ^h^ii 

c  r-.uh  <a^-/ 

*x?;  ^ 

hi*  *£  yy±^ph- , 

hu  *£  JW_°^  j 

^  '  j/%1 

/lw  /yy^yyttt^ 

^7"M>  <X  'h^C'L/C 

V .y^^T'Ctst'C  /-  't„ 

/  tj  S  J  sfty  t  ju 
U'  ^r?U>  yftL  /l 

'^D  X^X^"  /'^Cl^z 

^-h^Z  -C  /*^{.  ' 

X't^zX^''  UJ^~Z^l2'/is  ■■ 

^/l ?^/\>J!j>U^  hyC#  "  &  ^rC?X<^ 

v>  X  -* — ;  i  l*  .* 

C  /^hJ^$y^lX^C^'  ,oX  sl'i^OL,  j 

^Ll/Ui'yy  &^f^lsC£  <yhhc<?_  f  i 

'hyf^  h^uuy 

^7^  — .  ; 

/  'JyT^v  tiytL£^s  •__  j 

//&*£  /r.  w1 

^vi^JLuvo  Lctf  ^ 

/'  sS-l  , 

0  . .  *«•  Q~~~'  ,fc 

^ - "  *  .(~  ,tJs  5t-^'C'tX^  ~  l'iz 

i^A.i^u  "S-i-Vj-  O^u-*  _ _  C///z 7 

^  71-  M"-'  •tt*~“  ' 

^-jXl  + 

7^-  4K~+7Z^  — 

fU^  — ^7 

^x.  'i^jG.d-  -> 

_Ttl[ii , ., ,  /., .  m.,_jL_  o^.  ^u.  <C<fZu-»~ «^2TT  &■ 

^y^UU-  ^.-W-A  _ 

v-;^.  *•'■>-*•' 

zf—  ’  •'*'-• 

„  _^_  J<U~oL- 

>  .'ll . .  "ZLu  I'liuuJfCt 

_ _ 

She  jfCilgore 

Sealer  h 

>er  Company 

8\,vwA  £rt'* 

Ij^omsu^k,  (9iCicc,^^xM<  '  '  ' 

^  c fjcv-t^cccj  &<  S  c/clU^^ll  fc 

&n-cLL  uja  K  /'  ^  ■*■£  !'[^lr%- 

toj*  r  &dau* ■■/.//- 

^(jHla£l(9-ccA^  uCrtrcnl^ 

(y  tAyt^ic^A.  t'O'V'd ,  CO^o-t>-^L 
/-t  J^^ccyCjtc/,  i^^t£L^f  yti^tdJc^)  A^TEitsr' 

/yil>/-on^  o~y^ 

/ 1  <L^tj  7^,,  .  ^  ~y  .  oo~<M 

(y  ^yr^/i^^rx 


Hr.  Thomas  A.  EDISON,  limself. 


1105  IiAI-ESIDE  AVENUE,  ORANGE,  N.-J.,  G.S.A 



t^c^jT~l\u  "itT  tfC/h  <5Ly*L^<-^  ^dy^'iiwrtWw 

zfL  v<^c/k!.uuj  (^/  -jCu. 

i-t*  $'t''  &'(fts/i-t'^&'H  7c.  7'd'^i.  'i~ts0'^ 

OslTic  4P-  ac- *f  Ok^vy  j2i-L-<?  ti  !'ts\,<t<-*J  Oufc&fejf. 

tfjLj  -b-e,t^  7.A~a  -v 

'hy'bsCnl  •&s-\s$l,  tj  *t+*-&£csut-&-{£ 


"I'Ll  <& •t-t-xjci^tA-  T*^-  '■yct-ctsi/  wtusi c  dufi 

'^U\M.  0-UiA  gH  ~i7c*C.  T-ud'f&  J , 

A  *0  V/m-  -4v-Oia  Csi  /di>g ^c-hh/^i 

?c**.S\  g\.  /D  /tf&06 

'jU^wfL  ,  7an  _  TcCtc.  7'^^\ 

....  ’riM..  Gg'.d'l.  .  i 

Ac-  &++J(  *hkA 


y^t  (^LL£^^, 

$lul^  ^  M-  t  dt  rte-u  tc. 

dftjf  vt^  <-A<^  -i^U^y!  <JL  1f~t'LJ 

*'7'U,i'-t/'v(r\S  ^&dJt,&-U'i''-<Lti  <&■■*)*  7?C.  2&r,t'.\+~'£u. 


<i'fl  (■  ('^l  / 

'JOT,  WuH'Mi't 



h  ..  'S'  C, 

y  A  tpuaj  o^^t.  r>y?  J-  ^ 

9h.t »&*./».  a  ^  ^ 

^y<otfCy  ^  0a^-f  c 

a  ^  syf  yL^,_a — . 

^5  /  i  ^^-/<*^ 

A^j2_  us*^  /> 

(Select-  £*-  Syz**^  h 

«—/-^-  *“^"~€  Tf'fC&Z 

/?  «->v-  •—  ' 

>W*^7  - 

Q^h**r~^T'JiiU  ^ 

^  •“'t~ —  «*“««V/ 

'Xe*.  A  /^ 

<Zf*W*i ■iGca^L  /:^  /- 


ost- ^  7*c*i>"*~^  eu^foo 

/W"  ^6 

r — 

— .  V - 




-  u^-pto.  C^7\-  -Tj 

j^fc^  cA^tT  ^ U^- 


frUL-UM,  fiX**™-  ^ 


/&  *»? ~  -.. 

CTT^  /?  ^  -S' 

*&.  •  /J^r^ 

ZL, ~ — -/  4 

_  ~^SZL  ^wzi- 

QjB^y  ~  —  *~7 



/frtyr-  ty/  s%*-~ 

yy^e^^fc ^  a_j2^ 


nr _ h  uhtrrft*- 

isi  tcf-e^L 

C!**  ' 


'*/?"-  H^7  AA  e^^>-  ^ 

'*<  '^Z  ’^r- - h*u. 



^7  ^  * 

^  T\.  r^i^y  *?  . 



A  V!  «S)  ^  J^y^L  ■  , 

v,VA^Pi**  **  | 

^-0  r  •)  7 

01  to  Cr^  'O* 

Jte.  -*■ 

6-  ~.  :£^Ss&  ^ 

- <y 

^  ^T'rr'~r  ^ 

lLu>/b~&r>  — 

.  ^  ^r~  ^**2^5L 


fU  etrO^zL  /t^r-^  ~~  ^r- 

7  ^ 

,  ■'£'*,  , 

/ic  ✓  ?«***«-—  -/  <J2^A- 

i<w-  ^~'^/*~1&'//.(‘*& 

s/l  ^?w  ^r^.j. 

/^g^P-y^^-  f^2 

*L  ^  <3«^  ,, 

<=*r  ^ 

^  ^  ^5'^  -gr^fr* 

E=±£^r  gg. 

*2v~  ;  grggg, TS— <- 

to*~jftf  &  ***^i2zL 

<&«/  •*  ^ 


ZrzZu  nZZ^’  ~~  *,  ^>^^S"SZZL 

%dZ^~J  u—^  *  *  — -s  -  Z&X7 

A>^y^sufy^,-y  AzU  ^> 

i^*-n-1Le(  :^-^_  Z$T  2^  -o^-^4.  ^  z£a£_  „ 

^  -^a<a  -fay  ■&  /-*-r  ^h.  ^ 


1— zf  s  AA-  <zOoA*cA  • 

-d<sC^  fcv^zLc^,  .'SL-^— ^-<  ^7-  _^p.  2*  i~—A 

tfZi*a-<-*£Zt~~A£l  /i^yytA.-'a-^  ^-/-»v  i~-*~-~*A~  <?  *vt^/  -"£<  aAA^,  ts' 

‘-'^>"t--‘^I--«-«*_  1^1 — .  LvA^p.  •-M/-^uiov  ~Z^_  „ 

t-t^Ay  A.  t^tr-*~y>M^AZ^Z<A,  0*^4>_  C^~tl/  2*. 



^  j 



^  JU'cj  Id"  jt'a-4-o 

A  Ca^iL  ~ £M2(a,  <<LCu>aQ,  —U{  r~tU^ 


(j  (iM-  <&uU.  Puy*K  ~t&c.  Ui 


OS  aJJ *^1  ;  Z^CUK  'U^j 

■t?'*s\A-Z’  'to  r 



1st  April,  1916. 

My  dear  Sir, 

Referring  to  our 
conversation  during  my  stay  in 
New  York  -  I  herewith  take  the 
liberty  to  remind  you  of  same  and 
to  ask  you  if  you  would  be  kind 
enough  to  take  out  patents,  etc. 

And  trusting  you  wiil  favour  me 
with  your  kind  reply  -  V. 

Believe  me, 

sry  trp^-y, 


■/  w* 



April  29,1916 

dear  Ur. Edison: 

You  no"d~aubt"recall  that  on  a  trip 
which  I  made  to  your  plant  about  two  years  ago 
you  had  an  instrument  for  determining  accuracy 
or  quickness  of  the  brain  in  responding  to  audible 
signals, and  at  that  time  you  told  me  you  thought 
such  an  apparatus  could  be  applied  with  practica¬ 
bility  and  success  to  testing  the  ability  of 
locomotive  engineers  to  respond  to  handling  of 
their  locomotive  in  an  emergency. 

Since  that  time  I  have  been  very  much 
interested  in  tests  of  this  character  as  well 
as  others,  and  recently  secured  the  services  of 
Hr.W.F. Kemble  of  Hew  York, who  i3  conducting  a 
series  of  tests  for  me  on  the  Baltimore  and  Ohio 
and  preparing  to  outline  a  series  of  tests  for 
examination  of  men  in  the  service  as  well  as  those 
entering  the  service.  I  have  taken  the  liberty  to 
write  you  this  note  asking  that  you  see  him  for 
a  few  moments  and  give  him  your  opinion  on  this 
subject, and  also  let  him  see  the  apparatus  which 
you  had,if  it  is  consistent  to  do  so. 

I  remember  with  a  great  deal  of  pleasure 
the  interesting  as  well  as  instructive  day  that 
I  spent  with  you  at  your  plant  in  East  Orange, 
and  am  looking  forward  to  the  pleasure  of  another 
trip  to  your  plant  some  time  in  the  future.  I 
will  appreciate  any  courtesies  you  may  be  able 
to  show  Ur, Kemble, and  I  hope  to  have  the  pleasure 
of  reciprbcating  at  some  future  time. 

With  assurances  of  continued  respect 
and  esteem,!  am. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Ur. Thomas  A. Edison, 

East  Orange,  H.J. 


&u  .a^L^<,  *< '  t*£ 

fyw  s^4^r  Iz^nuz-sty 
<Z^L^L'  b£  /  AV 
JUs*  s^& 

ty-  teAtL^fe^r  ^  /j&s 

&  die' 

/—  dd& 


A>^tJW  </ :*r6uU ':  *V 
Oa  ^'y  ^/7 
^M-^,-t-  ,  fan  ** 

oc^z  iu*  *y- 

/z^t  ^  'Ztry^ 

,CL^r  *y  fan  AZ^/r*^ 

j-c^,  f  ' 

fiit  A-ZrUJI' 

'fK^^Zer^Z  .  CZn-*  * 
Oes™*  -6r  e^zO  ty*  *^- 
■^lu,OC  n,  f ia^^'^y 

:  (2z??js^is{j^fa>^A  dT Ctzc^-tTc 
r$Le-  /cT<-£.  %J/trPZ> 

*>//  a^z-cz  r 
<a^t*  fy*  *"*■*- 

*y cl, 

4  ^  , 

rf?U>7Cj£^'  /o  drfa^dedo 

yr-yar  yUtsLz  j^y  du  A^^r 
'die  XyU^U»^diy  . 

':'<ty7 +? 


yduy-/^y  &- -d~*  d*^c 

Co  yu^yde^  d+^f  /yddA 
CeexyfaT  . 


/rfyCe,  'tvL-c^t  '•■  v'&r 'Oe~*-sf 
/firfy  Y-#y  fyC'ZT  ft-  ' 

<£c^  4T  ***  f*y 


*y  ec  xtyxiY**™ 

—Pf  ,/U™  6r  CZ^c  tZe-  rf^ 
^U>rfU^L  (rf  jtrYcj-^  M& 


-'txS-rf^yv  £?-n^C.  tZyZ&^t  tcSrfiY 

^  fiz-y  0-jfLem 

fets  /^-z^rUZTi>?xZ  S^^s&-zry  TYtZ-Cc 
/-yf  ^ 

■y^/Lc^rri£i^£<si-&  Yz-tz^Y 
/fe-a~K~  Y</  £>rf  /vc^rt-rfs'e? 

-Y^z,  rfyi^Yc-9*^- 

i^f'  rfn<YY 

^r  ^/z^.Ci^ziaY^  ^rfrfYirfrff 
/Y  y*=&fiLZ!  ^ 

fTn^frf&Y  zcrfYo  ^rfrrf 

&  'i>e^h-cL^isG^.  erf-yYzrf^zY' 

rf^-v-'fclo  J  ttsrrfi&frrf^fiy 

...  i *^yv£-<'  i^'£t  (Ec7a^l 

*fac  Ttfao 

-  tXe^Cc^/^  £r7tts7n4s'/'£c£'  4?^ 

#&  ^//  jfcz) 

fa  Qyi^A<-£SLj 

fo\  *s-4UjCoK  Of™ 

^  4*0#  syte  - 


jLuyoe  -vw^j 

CX  *-*•  cx^o-r  t~cJ-<-Cj£  I'Ccc^ 

^cu-ZtccXj^ i  ~brf^^r‘ ■' '  ndw  dil 

i-£rk\M,  Ufi-CsA-O-Cj  ^Z,t^\Xy  VV<-  ^W,t/  ~C_ 

Ltc6<lA  “W l(X6i\7uri\ 

c?£v_a.  }'t-JLiX^uc^f'  </.<y-r  cQ  £’<2u> 

Jjt  Y^LtL  $-i?~nj£c'~Li*v'  <:JLh^C.C\Jt.  C^~e-^fl-</^.e.vC^ 
JLct-4x*j  l'V<-C\ufc^-a  c/”C?Vj£  |/<r.x.Cv-^;_ 

Cm_  VLdD  u-nJlc,  a— 

Lo  dP^E-  *-*-^7^r<«2-oco  —  \!/  cxaa  ~tXu2 

Crt-cLi^.  Je>c*j  V-ct_£  [Zt~4./p  ur-  «_Co-f 

Vc^C-dTi.  C uPcCiL  yO- k^^i^eT'C, 

*4"  Xt*vi«  ”tk<-  Ll2-do~@c  £<zLc(< 3  cc/T 


crvn/  \/La  j? 

<^|2£r  iv^£.  /U>k^  Kt\-cr-±j—  ^  ^  - - 

C^2 ✓Cp'T'fc-o  &As-®'LaJ£L^  (srr£,  C4_<£.J<=-V 


^\.crzxL>  <r~C(Li  i-<-o  jQr~<-*-*!y 

^  L  [Zc-a^ 


jO-tcZ  uu.  6t)  ^ 
h  st-C 


^  IX  O-t-X^T  jL-A-<a-<J>  <-^-'—  '7  l*- 

Y^cx/  Xha^. _ ‘"ftoc 

6L~a-^.<£^*-*-*iZ£  £*^p-X^  <0  ^T-W^C  *t- 
cYx-t>  c-^Cuj-vc.  <-&  ~y\^cCZ  th.'-u  IcuT-ec-d 

«p  l^c  Wj£-V\J  (fl,<£-<5-tC/  C(<j£  LAJttC^  (a  IS^CJUA. 

LO'Cj <2AV-  LO£-  Le<~o-i-  I  &0-'  tUJZiJ  VJ-&J 

[\cotr%.  <j3t-  V-XCC  M^  uS'C^KU.  -C- <$-$-<>  ^-^vx.t| 

tx»  ~Td>  -jo  *3~&-(L  &-*+*  C2^jb-  cr-n-^cyi 

\J/>  0  to  )'V\XX.C.v  V^s.  *1-  facje~jb 

Mvt-tcc-  &CjC<X*vu  ^cX^fir.-Cv^ 

LO-cr^fcvvvjC<**W  U«^>  Z  <VUC  U  t 
nJ-  C^tvc-  s|-<rf  '1/J dXd 



-x.r&c*-4~v  u-vt.  irrc^vx 
tjiXy{  (/,  0-0  t—& 

LdZt(\^  j-tAv*-  Aot^f  /-t^iXT*” £~».ut— 

dLO-ut-£^  *  S 

Ct~-l kAXXo^v  (  i?  ^<_(^(^ 

M-  <-js/6^  C(v-£.'A4.  J>.-  li&tw'  ^■-CT\_C — -■• 

rsi  ^L^Wa^USQ €jC$-£r-*^J!^ 


Qo-«-vjctt.-.(  *.«’-ru<r  <.,o<3r~*tx 

'1^-^'  Xv'"v'cr/°  —  J 


i)o*i  •fe*  ^ 

fr^fc  (■>«••*•  •,<x“'-'  '  ..~b  n- •;'•'■  V 

^  I'Cf- 

_  ^  r,<xu  ^  u  J!b  *1-'  -^,'cCl  f  ' 

-  ^(vf.u1  <>l  ^  1  '  SdWux  i4o^dx)J. 

v^5l^A  dvvC*  iu(r«  ^  4.4-0  & 

3$ TYto  A«>. jX d*  . ,  .  I 

lS*OY  fe- —  (SMb^T  .YVU, 

^  -wt  ^  AAvm  &^M4  oaW6vh«, 

ju  m*.  4  A°,JU>'  ( 

lx,  (yuu^xJT  SuJlW- ^m^A, 

eWMfl  JtW  -uV>  <^J 

n  A**.  ±«  do  **">■ C"XM 

Uiurimk  Xl  wtWuJ l  aaw^-^ >  <*• 

JiAU3oLw  w*L  (wxln  v^:  bV^^Cr 

HVMMX*  MA,  COM.  W<iMM  all 

<WtU  it  IoMTauhaoX  «P«UJ  a^mAtv 

ouacL  ±u*  <vrajlbbu>  oW,am.  ^Auajul*! 
Auiateij  AAv^-tUtnJUAXQOAj  AaV^u, 

istX . 

JUU. W  -UK.  cam.  ta^ullUrv^ 

^am,  juauW^'jco  4huA«  <u& 

iyvA  jLLiXJl  ai  xutmM 

(Urrnl  4^amA  b|  CL  mUteloAu.  J ~j>  4u  JjvvA>MtXtcL 
ti^W  .t^U  UK>il  /ywiM  ie  A^tvvu-iml 
cwuJJd gmcL  Jxut  ou; 

iWWA  at  JaMjVb  Jrov  xu/ jfo  to  -UA'  w- 
AuAOilai.  ^(mdMlui  -UW  W  W  dw. 

l/Uv  frHA*  ^lA/Kuyj  '  -  ’  * 

JL  XxMJL  A  A( /OmA  _ 

oWL  Wiccb  iJUvu&  W  W , 

^ualIu  nrMwm  ihd  MmAA  -Md)p  -tyutc 
Jet)  OuA,  iAu.  Au|{£A^rvfl  of.  .ilvoix^^  of 
oa  ooUJiibaWu:  t Xv&bJ  Aiom 
oavX^vAWuo4  Jiu  leOvJ:  a 

qum^aU^Axm,  v 

CoauMsTlfflj  XXl  XmixuuA'  $o  Hmto  jJtu/vtk  AaxcU. 

Ol  ^Wlc^vjJ/u  iYWA.cij|v£3 ^Nxciru.’  2^  XA  YVUA.CX 

(mxdJL  a^A^WaJIa^^ 

4lAUnAr;ixctL  xUrUAy  ^m^hAAAl  cwvtL  wax 

Xt^-AUi  Jbeui  1/Uxc>  ax  AmXt 

^vvvbovvvu  mu.  AAr  Jo  xtu  Jp^i^JWuo  oj-  J^tawna 
JdWa.  ^cuw.  i/vv^Uma^  AttwJwwuf  Jxu  ^  , 

of.  J^IvtnxSA^uJl)  of  ^Jaxxi|a!_ 
bj,  JJaiM  jlxXvu  eXAi- 

X'YVUrJ:  (JjYV^lA 

Jab  Jjir^cbcl- : 
ioACUliotf  i{a 

-uoxO  AAnli  -Yut 

X;  cslyvoL  aAu.  /uy_] 

JL4  C-ftXM.  Ox 

J-m  XCUicpiLttf  xvu  ^  .Tfl  .  X 

^ccatiLvJ  -Jr  JmuU. 

TvuioAjlujl  ft  jwcluu  XtrA^a^A  uncU. 

vj'flJL  CrtW/U  A UfltxiA  tynxMjJJu.  \  4)  H  X  4-  ojwcL 
4,  x  yaatcA.<^UaO|  -tb  Mm.  Mal-  dlu  jw-Vtft 

OA\,  "l^dli^VQ^ dXw,  AOULtyL  Xd  wtc  *^.  mx/OL^XtuAX.  (XhJL 
(ViO  jph^4AAA;JLi-A^b  ,  Ayyvd  lYlo  :tlAAmX?>  Xka£ 

(YmiJyit  iUW  GUxX  XvidiLAjXEv^UlDix^ 

%mj  “TYVu.  S&LAjirn, ,  ujdA  -IWOJ  ^cauLLi  omUoU 
dka  Jbdtex  juk/vu  jJ  it  -U  friiJLj  4k>(  qJ  jLruii 
^  ficute  iJxOvJ^a  ain^XiuBt  cu  rmac|u>)^ 

Guncl  xW  im  aU-axA  cut  Xyx  ±tu.  tud  cuJL 

OtOw  ^xiadboovi^  BxrtJbL  Xlix  (LtKXA^iAxjzl  t 

5o WYL  XUJLAJLyQlU>v, CaJkiiL  o|  tocui)  -AJuuJ/l  C^Vb  AmOkfc^ 

lAJtruM  4k  aJJULai.  ^djUjLuaq  ifcb  1ui/ma/mix» 

^  a/wu  onlu  aj  \kaxj  O^dLfiUaxA/  /YvcaXc  4Vt 
^imMru  fmu  U/mJ|<l,  a/vw.  ^a/nx  a5W.X<Xi&  tin, 
Jtkjb^uixXtli  clWI  ^a|^XwXJJb  Mm  oXcdfixfc 
tyUMadUx  o|--^^(>|oJky.  XjlmcL 

jU\U  QuxoL  «9 

aWXI  "the  /Wiou  JbticLu,  cAaiilui,  ig  -uwx.  f 
-tvcU/  OUrt m.  JJLXKjL/  xuxelo  Hx«maXA-|ui  mhcuu  _ 
:tkaJbto  (MniWii/  -am*  limit  xs  "Mii  fr-rfaxA 

(dl®.  -ifu  v£a|t.  o|-  wliMKu.  $&lurot 

Myv  mjuuUiU),  sff  ojwo  Aluisl  -wdl  m xMujti  ~wul 

J)n  tkux  diixAiL  of-  attxxvXux}  ^4^  o|. 

ai^ajdJ^Uu  ix>  c!U  Jtka  totrUff  $Modl  Ik, 

(UXKU>buu^|  XftrMKJ  JuUpSLf,  JrUjfc  A^ui-C^  Mjb-M, 

iiXUx  fiMEtllM*  JjyJjfLWaiXjn^  -kelj^  -tft. 
Xl  Amo  JUWA7  CaAJLi  A(>  AAxllaxeX  ( 

aJ  Ajmo  juWaj 
cuvxx  cyvati 

A7\vl>|ax6t  CrLUu 
'  '  -Ovvul  at 


^  COYVU  JLUAjL  Ou - r  - - 

_OVt^totLoto(hKl  •A/lf'CloS/A.  '"V'lttvL  vA/WA3L4XAt(-AA-Ci 

OunA  AM^iXucfeAK'  <A 

(tu/alu^a  ^UrU^  A^biu. 

WilXM.  TVLO.  jj 

■iJiAu  sLM.mi£(|- 

(BAaaX  S.miyt^ouuu. 

RS.  ^O/m.  x^eto4jLAao  C^AdAjeXucX. 

jla\a^Ju(yWjl  "Wl  co  tb  taj^ 

'ijMJJV  jtoYVvJL  4hxt  j’pv  /YW-Ac!|j  -Wt 

W  JajLoJL^f^'lfyKiM'  liLu^jCw 

^iWnnAi,  jAW iSLwWtM>  catu/  ^  caxo 

J)oy.piic3uCa^Jtx(lJ^^lA^'^r^  ol5a*>  hkaju 

•4uaa\JU>-um  (ta^.ouAjt  (MnjLXdL^3lOT -feAvor{t- 

<CM  Wl/tu  irtwM, 

M^ycuixA  aV 

IWuliin  aW  .. 
jUvx  A^ocji,  iU  -\mm)  wui 
vUl\>4^0iaijb  KXA/  AA/Wk  4ojIAs..  JUajo1*<uX^ 

C^Au^tuAi-  of  -ttu,  IAjLUI  Vuiaouc^ 

V  'OOptb  AotXL  AM  UHaju^ 

xtb-ounju  Ma 
WmW-  AA^toi jwM  Ax. 

0]Aq  "WIjUKOC  CUlaJ.  9- 
Is.  \jjyjJ  OKxrUM^, 
,  jiucUryiA 

Henry  j.  Brennan 
Mines  and  Mining 

3  IvA-vr  t-  4 

-List*  •aLtd'** 

/-  e 

A- 1  ^^1% 

Hr.  ThomasA. Edison,  ^  ^  £,**'*“*}** 

\  Cip&  f  . 

Aug.  16,  1916 

Orange,  H.  J. 



esteemed  fav^r^f  th<(  9th  inst.  for 

rentnring^p.- ' 

Dear  sir=  * 

In  reply  to  your 

which  I  thank  you,  I  trust  I  may  he  pardoned  for  n 
word  or  so  more  on  my  subject,  "Cheap  fuel." 

In  your  letter  you  stated  that  anthracite  coal  was  oiffc^of  your 
line,  and  that  after  it  was  turned  into  electricity,  you  "come  in", 
The  world  knows  that,  so  do  I,  and  I  know  too  that  what  I  know 


may  not  Cwunt  femuch,  and  that  the  world  knows  nothing,  and  cares 
less  about  what  me'/t/  of  my  cloth' presume  to  know  or  say. 

The  enclosed  clipping  from  the  Scranton  TimeB  of  the  5th  inst. 
is  a  fair  truthful  statement  of  the  value  of  unmined  coal  in  the 
ground . 

I  know  but  mighty  Tittle  about  electrioity,  I  am  sorry  to 
state,  however,  'tis  said  that  an  open  confession  is  good  for  the 
soul.  Electrical  Engineers  of  reputation  tell  mo  that  cheap  fuel 
is  an  important  factor  in  producing  electricity,  some  of  them 
have  stated  to  me  that  what  I  have  in  mind  will  produce  electricity 
as  cheap  as  it  is  produced  at  Niagara  Falls.  Be  that  as  it  may, 
the  following  is  a  brief  summing  up. 


Hear  Pottsville  Pa.,  in  the  heart  of  the  great  southern  anthracite 
ooal  region,  are  a  half  dozen  small  coal  properties  that  oan  be 
grouped  together,  which  will  total  llOOaeres,  which,  on  a  safe 
estimate,  is  underlaid  with  100,000,000  tons  of  merchantable  coal 
of  which  55%  or  55,000,000  tons  will  he  steam  sizes  of  coal,  of  the 
finest  quality.  I  can  group  those  properties  together  for  a  price 
for  the  estimated  coal  in  the  ground,  which  includes  the  cost  of  a 

.  a*****  /^e/ 

1500  ton  dailweapacity  coal  breaker,  for  a  price  of  two^ cents  per 
ton  for  ooal  in  the  ground.  The  life  of  the  coal  will  he  approximate¬ 
ly  not  less  than  250  years. 

The  Schuylkill  Valley,  down  along  the  Schuylkill  Hiver,  all  the 
way  to  Philadelphia,  in  Cities  and  Towns,  is  thickly  populated; 
Philadelphia  being  the  second  City  in  the  Union,  the  cost  of 
electricity,  it  is  claimed,  is  higher  than  it  should  be. 

If  coal  is  an  important  factor  in  the  production  of  electricity, 

I  am  simply  wondering  why  it  might  not  be  a  good  plan  to  reverse 
the  order  of  things,  as  I  have  every  reason  to  believe  that  someone, 
some  day^  will  do,  and  instead  of  hauling  coal  to  Hew  Castle'  at 
a  high  cost,  erect  a  large  electric  plant,  near  the  mine,  and 
supply  all  the  Cities  and  Towns,  including  Philadelphia,  from,  and^-* 
including  Pottsville,  all  the  way  down  the  Schuylkill  Valley  with  ' 

fuel  of  the  finest  quality,  not  to  exceed  one  dollar  per  ton  for 
steam  sizes. 

My  line  of  thought  in  order  to  enter  into  such  a  contract  for 
approximately  55,000,000  tons  of  coal,  at  such  a  low  figure,  in 
so  far  as  the  production  of  the  coal  may  be  concerned,  is  a  bit 
original  in  so  far  as  coal  mining  is  concerned,  I  contemplate 
organizing  a  company^ and  interest  every  man  and  boy  in  and 



about  the  mine,  os  employes,^  stockholders,  in  a  small  way  in  such 
a  company,  for  good  sound  reasons,  "Jhat  plan  l  deem  foasable 
and  practicable. 

Tho  wise  men  of  the  east  may  ridicule  it,  I  have  in  mind  in 
so  far  as  this  class  of  gentlemen  may  be  concerned,  that  once 
upon  a  time ^/about  the  same  time  when  they  laughed  at  the  Bell 
Telephone,  atsdf  laughed  me  out  of  Court  for  insisting  that  there 
was  oil  galore  in  the  old  Indian  Territory,  now  Oklahoma. 

I  know,  however,  that  a  legitimate  profit  can  bo  made  on  pre¬ 
pared  sizes  of  coal,  over  and  above  steam  sizes  and  that  steam  sizes 
can  be  sold  at  the  figure  I  have  quoted. 

I  can  arrange  with  the  property  owners  to  accept  one  half 
of  the  nriee  for  their  properties  in  6 fo  -  SO  year  bonds,  if  I  succeed 
in  interesting  someone  who  may  be  big  and  broad  enough  to  finance 
the  other  half  of  a  bond  issue,  through  some  bank  or  bond  house, 
without  assuming  any  financial  responsibility,  in  consideration  of 
cheap  fuel,  provided  that  I  can  substantiate  my  statements,  such  a 
house  to  be  mode  treasurer  of  the  oom-any  and  of  a  sinking  fund, 
until  the  principal  and  interest  of  the  bonded  debt  is  paid.  An 
examination  of  the  properties  by  a  competent  coal  Mining  Engineer 
will  Botisfy  anyone  that  my  statements  are  correct. 

That  particular  section  too  should  he  a  strong  comped it^cdf 
in  the  way  of  cheap  fuel  and  other  advantages,  for  the  location  of 
the  contemplated  Government  armor  plant. 

With  best  wishes  always,  I  am 

Respeotfully  yours 

23,  19K 



>r.  Ihon.  *»  Sainon, 

Ornnra,  II.  J. 

Dear  :iir: 

In  answer  to  your  esteemed  favor  of  yesterday,  I 
desire  to  say  a  word  or  so  more  anti  then,  unless  ray  subject 
should  anneal  to  you,  I  am  done,  as  I  will  rot  attempt  to  presume 
further  on  the  time  of  a  mighty  busy  man. 

I  have  the  coal  properties,  for  a  price  of  two  and  one-hulf 
cents  per  ton  for  coal  in  the  ground,  not  thirty  five  cents. 

I  hove  examined  those  properties  minutely  end  rm  not  astray 
in  my  estimate  of  100, "00, 000  tons,  os  that  estimate  is  bached  up  by 
the  opinions  of  other  Engineers  of  reputation  and  experience. 

I  have  a  carefully  prepared  report,  a  conservative  report,  such 
as  may  he  relied  on,  on  those  properties.  If  you  might  care  to  read 
it,  it  will  not  hore  you,  I'll  be  pleased  to  forward  it  to  you. 

Very  respectfully  yours. 

w  £ai****^\  clLL  C<>'  f*  - 

1  ,  Uc«-ir4  T^tir  jp<^v.G  k-.^aiot  ¥*^m  ^tC  ‘ 

^dte)  IU«"  'te 

C?  '/^ (bjlcf*_j  <=2s?  ■<i^>ihxAw' 

\ k  ht',-?&**& 


tf^lfTT  -JtxeJ  fc»t<t) ^d&tCJttx*^  h  jfl-<r  t/  Ce/ 

PpfnvuX,  teu.>,  j£ses  leJtcJ  /TThms  ^6r~  fat/sic. eCCmAs^  * 

<*a^  ^=«-A  jA"  Y/',**yeet“ 

trees  Je^y  it  £<usr> /Qteif*c&  &  /%&,  /£>  */-  JeeJi 

ib  (t)'&afeo»J. 

t/  IciM  fltr/L  trveefcd  <Jt/£  &>*</  OioioeiS  *J, 

&JL  UJU&>  e  <r^fey  tnyJc$-  £oe?£  &>  ixs.y  J<f  ricS°ri/?fctK  *f- 
/Ju>  laicex-.  c '/  kfo-&e#4£  et  a £6  itSei -ee/£  &*><■•?,  fa*r  /'tmo 

io*  «/» tv cesy.  Ja&oxC  Y'  e<$***4#pe  /&>  t6/fc*e*y-  J^ec/t? 

fis  <if*.r/vMi:  -6*n*y?  ^  &***<*£.  fe  *  ^Bn/ts  fit 

ate  /&  tr/L//'OM~+  '/4t~£r,  /£  &&&  t$L 

ht*o~y  of  tufa  4SA**U.  Cx^-BtP 

/£  UJU>  Jfeu*tcc«>,  V&t£  ^  <&****& 

hflo-iur  J/L  CLdsa*^^  /£  Vtoc  i*/+u.CtO  A*.  r/a'hta~i£c6 

fzftto  afieesi-,  JU>  Cv^M^>  /n^  //ta~  A^yiv.1^ 

$1  sr  /O  $’*>”,  Jtc*  h  4^  A-  ect/f-ee^&r-  *f- 



faL  'Qt**-/  &r*>  &L  /»!UP**-t-  " //XtcU  U  aJ: 

•^-cw  tU  X  Q&>o  >(_  tXfa  &>  fa**  6™  ?>  Ptt*yo6jr/i ■ 

"k.  Or*’  Xld/t/L  k  <?Cuo&>  ^trXCc/o  Xpj  <y~  >  farooU'j  ,  t/ifufa  c^  0<? 
*-hU*Lc^j  /o  iXlemr  ~4n  <rt->n  O-uV  lt/*fAp.££-  * 

jlcr-{~  tUc*-£__  tiv  Cu  fopdlffX  to  a/o  Ccouf  (at-  /X  Ir/cUtci^ 

hufjtfa,  -X  /XL^pXf-  /XL™  USoto&C  ^  ko  ho  /vut&^ 

/Xu>  cctocd  Xfao**},  to  erf-  ^tuorfatthiedaop  t™>  iXh  athie 

rf-  /Cte».«<y  7)  /vWirw*^ .,  fat.&H.gj  tcnforivJ-,  lo o££. 
t^to-ej  jXL-  Xtojyoa/-  you*-  -ettrumlf-  6-  tfe-tttcvn  ]  /flcr^^L-od 
/Xuw/^  t/u>  tddtt>  foro-ckeaZ. , 

J  Xovo  Ureter  jfa  Pint.  X?faf.o£  '&try&  ,  fa  /&> 
fyiiuta,  /fie .  /Xpwo  Ji ufao,t~:  Utu*>  ^Xbkiv ,  fiicot  *1X10*0 

LmZZcvo  ifo-uj 

fXo  tr/oco  tJ  lotn'/'fa^  <Y~  is  cm*-  a/ten/ecm  ,  X  ic/cCt, 

toJ:*  t£  l*J  (b  Sr>^-&>~e~.f-j  #  X{t*J<*/fa  *f3/» 

tyo-urt  Xfifafaee  tfa  tfaX 

fa)euscj(  y/b& cL^y-P 

X[ hu>^yy  X  $ftyr />••«-' /cX/kc/^Xs 

e/*e-> . 

’^X'T'&ffrt  jsc/fa  ■  A  $<rcui!^ 
tl^od  rfl&qXjpyocX 

•  <  s/a  /fyws///jJrs‘//r  U  v/V/'r 

State  iu'sHatatioiTat  ^Ctityara 

Kingston,  New  York, 

September  29th,  1916. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of, 
and  heartily  to  thank  you  for  your  letter  of  the  25th 
instant,  stating  that  science  has  not  yet  determined 
what  electricity  is. 

I  had  read  in  the  newspapers  at 
about  the  time  of  the  subway  accident  in  New  York, 
that  you  had  expressed  this  opinion,  and  so  stated 
in  the  presence  of  an  electricial  engineer  by  the 
name  of  George  T.  Henohett,  who  with  a  great  show 
of  erudition  stated  exactly  to  the  contrary,  and 
that  science  fully  had  determined  what  it  is,  and 
at  the  suggestion  of  a  number  of  gentlemen  who  heard 
his  statement,  I  wrote  my  letter-'fjf'tii?  22nd  Instant. 

With  n 


FLOODWOOD,  MINNESOTA  October  B,  1916. 

; i  cn  ‘ 

,CC^-X  oU  .t  V- 

’  Ll2l^  ^  -  y; 

*■'  U'L"1 
,  L  l __„  _ jj-jvo.  H-r.  vmi  and  askin'?  if  th 

m  talcing  the  libW  of  writing  to  you  and  asking  if  thru 
some  means  somethin*  could  not  he  devised,  either  of  a  mechanical  or 
jhemical  nature,  to  redeem  the  many  thousands  of  acres  of  valuable 
lond  which  lie  unproductive  and  are  a  west  economic  loss  because  no 
practical  means  of  exterminating  the  stumps  has  yet  been  discovered. 
Such  a  discovery  would  not  only  be  of  great  value  to  the  farmers^  of 
the  country  but  to  the  whole  country  as  v.-ell  and  all  countries  .acre 
ca-eat  tracts  of  such  land  are  to  be  found.  It  would  seem  as  though 
somethin-  of  a  chemical  nature,  which,  when  injected  into  the  suump 
would  cause  rapid  deterioration  would  be  the  ideal  thing,  -ould  you 
lcindly  tell  me  wither  there  is  anything  which  would  brin~  about  this 
desired  result  and  if  not  do  you  think  it  would  bo  possible  for  some 
such  thing  to  be  worked  out  ?  «  ^  *«  information  exton 

October  18,  1916. 

i.Ir .  Julius  H.  Zobel, 

c/o  i’iie  i'irst  Stai.e  Bank  of  klooawood, 
I’loodwood ,  i.Iinuosota . 

Bear  oir:- 

Yaur  favor  of  the  8th  instant  lias  boon  re¬ 
ceived.  You  ask  if  I  Imow  of  any  chemical  which, 
whoa  injected  into  the  stump  of  a  treo  would  cause 
rapid  deterioration.  I  do  not  know  of  any  chemical 
that  would  do  it  quick  enought.  I  suggest  that  a 
practical  way  of  removing  the  troe  stumps  would  bo 
to  use  sheet  iron  cones,  with  chimney  attached  and 
then  set  tlio  stumps  on  firo.  Ehey  wculd  burn  to 
the  ground  end  separate  the  main  roots.  X  have  had 
a  rough  sketch  macio  of  such  an  arrangomont  and  enclose 
it  herewith. 

Yours  very  truly, 

LOUISVILLE,  KY. ,  I'lov.  20—1916. 

Ur.-  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park,  Orange, II. J.  ^ 

I.Iy  Dear  Sir:  ..  . 

Know in"  that  you  were  yourself  once  upon  a  time ,  a  tele- 

than  what  it  is  used  for’  •  T  ■  wor.,-in.T  0n  Ihe  old  Vandalia 

male  more  use  of,  if  some  one  like,  yourself  were  to .take  hold  ox 
U -  .  The  experience  I  had  was  this.  One  night  while  on  duty, 


Tmvs elf  thought  of,  hut  that>  did  not  alter  the  fact  that  if  I 
could  distnetly  hear  those  words  ordinary 
relay,  that  surely  there  was.  a  way  to  gat  moi  a  u*e  o*v  o. 

js>  “rth?»ihra;sra 

*S2£JSS  . 

I  beg  to  remain,  , 

Yours  very  truly, 

November  31,  1916, 

Mr .Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

Please  give  me  your 
opinion  in  regard  to  the  use  of  elect¬ 
ricity  as  a  purifier  of  water.  Can  water 
be  purified  by  eleotrolysie^ 

Thanking  you  very  kindly 

for  this  information,  I  am 

Yours  very  truly, 

November  28,1910'. 

Dr.  Oscar  15.  Ilarehman, 

Nils on  Building, 

Dallas,  .oxas. 

Dear  Sir:-.  ’ 

fioplylag  to  your  favor  of  the  21st  instant,. 
l!r.  Kdison  requests  ue  to  say  that  water  has  boon 
purified  not  by  eloctricity,  but  by  or.ono  made  by ' 
electricity.  If  you  are  invited  to  go.  into  any 
.proijoeition  of  this  kind,  you  should  oxoroiso  very 
groat  caution  as  there  are  many  fakirs  abroad  in 
this  lino  of  promotion* 

.Yours  vory  truly. 


*  ^64-^4  /2.. 

Ur.  II.  ?•  Perkins , 

249  Uaple  Ave.. 

iidgowood  Part, 

Pittsburgh,  Pa. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Eoplying  to  your  favor  of  tho  25th 
instant,  Ur.  Edison  thinks  that  tho  dovlco  you 
need  would  bo  one  in  which  a  selonium  cell  is 
employed.  Ho  does  not  know  who  tho  aakoro 
of  these  colls  are,  and  perhaps  you  can  find 
out  through  Queen  S>  Co.,  Philadelphia,  la. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Edison  laboratory. 

#11  Fullerton  Avenue ,  F!L  <Z 

Montpelier,  Vermont,  ! - 

Deo enter  6th,  1916. 

Mr.  Thomas  Alvah  Edison , 
East  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

this  wise  hoping  that  you  will 




+  uJL^*'**  - 


^  r  y 

am  taking  the  liberty  to  address  you  in  / 

so  verv  kind  t 

regarding  an  idea. 

m  theory,  I  have  arranged  a  few  pieces  of 
apparatus  to  form  a  system  for  the  transmission  and  reception  of  communication. 
I  might  state  that  there  is  no  commercial  reason  for  the  existence  of  this 
form  of  communication.  It  is  my  opinion,  however,  that  it  might  he  useful 
as  a  military  signal. 

As  far  as  I  am  aware  there  1b  no  form  of 
military  signal  that  oannot  he  picked  up  by  an  ’enemy’,  either  hy  Bight, 
sound  or  electrical  means.  My  idea  has  the  advantage  that,  as  I  see  it, 
it  oannot  he  picked  up  except  hy  for  whom  it  is  intended.  It  is  only 
useful,  as  you  will  see,  over  such  distanoe  wherein  a  direct  atmosphere 
or  ether  oourBe  obtains.  It  is  as  follows:- 


Steady  electrical  power  supplied  hy  battery  (or  dynamo,  if  convenient) 

to  an  arc.  Aro  located  in  (rear)  end  of  lightproof  metal  box,  mounted  so 
that  it  might  he  swung  in  any  position.  (Approximate  dimensions:-  length 
two  feet;  height  and  breadth  eight  inches.  Peep  shutter  arranged  in  wall 
of  box  by  which  aro  oould  be  trimmed.  Hefleotor  behind  aro,  tending  to 
throw  strength  towards  (front)  end  of  box.  light  passes  through  two  oonvex 
lenses,  arranged  a  convenient  distanoe  apart.  Telegraph  relay  set  in  floor 
of  box,  in  such  manner  that  a  tiny' shutter' ,  attached  to  its  armature  would 
interrupt  the  light  point  when  relay  magnet  was  not  charged.  Relay  governed 
by  cell  and  telegraph  key.  Soreen  (nitroso  de  menthyl  amiens)  set  into 
front  end  of  box,  passing  only  ultra-violet  or  infra-red  rays. 


Three  sets  of  celenium  cells.  One  set  arranged  vertically  in  a  circle 
to  pick  up  signals  traveling  on  a  level  with  receiving  set.  One  set  arranged 
above  first  set,  tops  inclined  to  pick  up  rays  coming  from  above.  One  set 
arranged  below  first  set,  bottoms  inclined  to  pick  up  rayB  coming  from 

7/hen  any  cell  is  excited,  a  metal  tube,  fitted  internally  with  steppes 
to  exolude  all  foreign  rays  oould  be  brought  into  position  to  reoeive  rays 
from  the  transmitting  set  exciting  the  particular  cell.  Rays  to  be  picked 
up  for  record  by  means  of  a  bolometer  arranged  in  back  of  tube. 

I  realize  the  idea  is  in  very  crude  form, 
but  it  is  ray  firm  belief  that  it  will  work.  I  fail  to  see  where  an  ’enemy’ 
oould  piok  up  the  signal. 

I  wish  you  would  give  me  your  frank  opinion 
as  to  whether  this  signal  has  military  possibilities. 

Hoping  that  I  may  hear  from  you,  only, 

however,  at  your  leisure,  I 

Very  Respectfully 

(A  Telegrapher) 

Dooerabor  12,1916 

Mr.  2.  2.  foaguo,  , 

11  li'ullorton  Ava . , 

Montpelier,  Vermont. 

Dear  Dir:- 

P.cplying  to  your  favor  of  tho  Gth 
Instant ,  let  mo  tay  that  thoro  have  boon  in¬ 
numerable  schemes  proposed  for  using  Selenium 
Cells ,  aloo  bolometers.  I  unyoelf  .have!  been 
trying  a’ number  of  thorn. 

fho  aquooua  vapor  of  tho  atmosphero 
absorbs  so  much  of  the  lower  rays  and  tho  ultra 
-.violet  rays,  arid  thoro  is  so  much  of  the  hazy 
atmospheric  interf orenec'S ,  that  none  of  tiio 
scheaoc  based  on  light  have  boon  made  practical 
,  up  to  this  time. 

:  Yours  vory  truly. 


Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Articles  (E-16-03) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  requesting  Edison  to  write  articles, 
letters  from  journalists  and  publishers  seeking  to  interview  Edison  or  solicit 
statements  and  photographs  for  publication,  and  other  documents  relating  to 
articles  by  or  about  Edison  and  his  inventions.  Among  the  documents  for  1 91 6 
are  items  regarding  the  deaths  of  Edison  associate  Jonas  W.  Aylsworth  and 
Canadian  inventor  and  engineer  Thomas  L.  Willson.  There  is  also 
correspondence  pertaining  to  Edison’s  camping  trip  with  Henry  Ford  and  John 
Burroughs  and  to  his  health  and  sleeping  habits.  In  addition,  there  are 
clippings,  draft  letters,  and  marginalia  containing  Edison's  opinions  about 
political  matters,  including  woman's  suffrage  and  the  presidential  election.  A 
statement  prepared  for  The  Engineering  Magazine  announces  his  opposition 
to  a  bill  introduced  by  Rep.  Clyde  H.  Tavenner  to  prohibit  the  payment  of 
bonuses  to  government  workers  on  the  basis  of  efficiency  studies.  Among  the 
correspondents  are  Abraham  Cahan  of  the  Jewish  Daily  Forward,  author  and 
self-improvement  training  pioneer  Dale  Carnegie,  and  Joe  Mitchell  Chappie  of 
the  National  Magazine. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  of  items  that  received  a  perfunctory  response  or 
no  reply  from  Edison. 


cj7ie{P)  utter ic/y  {f^ui feline^ 


T7  a~***t*  w*4*  qr***3***** 

30  'January  !.4th,  1916.  U 

1  The  time  for  discussing  terms  ^ 
of  peace  in  Europe  cannot  lie  far  distant,  ./ 

In  a  way  it  is  not  America's  affair.  But 
America  is  vitally  concerned  and  just  now 
the  hosts  of  us  would  like  to  know  for  our 
guidance  what  our  own  Great  Ones  think  the 
terms  should  Be.  And  Europe  mi^it  care  to 
know.  7/ould  he  helped  in  knowing. 

Will  you  honor  EVERYBODY'S 
and  serve  ycur  fellows  and  possibly  the 
nations  at  wer  in  answering  sis  questions? 
'.7e  are  asking  these  questions  of  twenty 
distinguished  Americans.  The  answers  to 
constitute  a  symposium  in  EVERYBODY'S 

These  questions  are  only  sug¬ 
gestions.  You  are  free  to  ignore  any  of 
them  or  all  of  them.  Your  idea  of  what  the 
terms  of  peace  Bhould  he  is  what  we  are 
asking  for. 

(1)  What  changes  would  you 
make  in  National  boundary  lines  as  they 
existed  before  the  war? 

(2)  Would  y;u  preserve  the  complete  In¬ 
dividuality  of  the  smaller  nations  or  federate 
them  into  larger  units? 

(3)  What  nation  or  nations  should  receive 
indemnities?  To  cover  what?  Whet  nations 
should  nay  them? 

(4)  What  plans  and  guarantees  would  you 
advise  to  insure  future  safety  from  military 

(5)  What  planB  and  guarantees  would  you 
advise  to  insure  future  safety  from  coirmercial 

(6)  In  your  judgment  would  or  should  the 
Monroo  Doctrine  prevent  America's  joining 
Europe  in  these  plans  and  guarantees? 

May  we  have  your  contribution  to  this 
symposium,  which  we  are  planning  for  the  Maroh 
EVERYBODY'S,  before  January  twentieth?  Mean¬ 
time  will  you  have  your  secretary  mail  to  us 
or  tell  us  whsre  we  may  secure  the  photograph 
you  prefer  for  reproduction? 

We  are  sending  you  under  this  cover 
January  EVERYBODY’S  and  pamphlet  showing  how 
we  handled  the  symposium,  "What  Do  Britishers 
Think  of  America's  Neutrality?"  The  proposed 
symposium,  "What  distinguished  Americans  think 
about  the  Terms  of  Peace,"  should  be  even  more 
important  and  helpful.  May  we  have  your  con¬ 
tribution  as  soon  as  possible,  even  if  it  must 
be  brief? 



January  6;£y'. 


Bear  Itr.  Edison: 

-•  M  <y 

The  secretary  of  tho  American  Thrift 
Association  tells  me  of  your  deep  interest  in 
the  movement  and  is  working  with  mo  in  bringing 
before  the  youth  of  north  America  in  our  coming 
Thrift  issue,  tho  saving  habit  of  saving. 

Will  you  not  put  into  a  few  words  your 
splendid  "horse  sense"  suggestions  on  the  value 
of  the  Thrift  Habit  to  a  young  man,  workman  or 
clerk,  on  the  threshold  of  life? 

Too  many  of  their  futures  have  "all  gone 
up  in  smoke".  With  ten,  twenty,  or  thirty  cents 
a  day  spent  in  cigarets  they  have  been  out  of 
pocket  and  out  of  brain  tissue. 

We  want  to  help  men  build  homes,  build 
a  business,  build  a  character,  build  their  futures 
-and  Thrift  is  at  the  bottom  of  it  all. 

By  this  mail  I  send  you  a  copy  of  our 
Thrift  issue  of  last  year,  in  which  James  J.  Hill 
wrote  the  opening  article ,  followed  by  Ur.  Eord 
outofhis  experience. 

Pardon  me  for  writing  you,  but  thousands 
of  young  men  will  thank  you  for  what  you  write. 

Sincerely  yoi 

Perhaps  you  remember  about  one  year  ago  giving  an  interview 
to  a  correspondent  of  the  Hew  York  Times,  in  which  you  named  what  you 
considered  the  principal  achievements  of  inventors  since  the  discovery 
of  the  electric  light. 

There  were  seventeen  world  benefits  in  this  list,  and  we  re¬ 
call  that  among  these  w as:  "The  discovery  of  the  commercial  method  for 
the  production  of  acetylene." 

The  man  who  was  really  responsible  for  this  discovery  -  who 
made  possible  the  great  acetylene  industry  of  today  -  was  Mr.  Thomas 
Leopold  Willson,  Canadian  scientist,  engineer  and  inventor.  On  Decem- 
ber  30,  last,  he  died  following  a  sudden  illness  in  Hew  York. 

His  services  to  the  world,  through  his  inventions,  were  mul¬ 
tifold.  Probably  you  knew  him  personally,  and  trusting  this  to  be  so, 
we  come  to  our  reason  for  writing  at  this  time. 

As  official  organ  of  the  acetylene  industry,  cur  publication 
feels  inoumbent  to  present  a  fitting  tribute  to  the  late  sir.  Willson  in 
our  columns. 

We  wonder  if  you  would  be  so  kind  as  to  favor  us  with  a  word 
for  this  purpose  -  through  your  recognition  of  commercial  acetylene  as 
a  world-beneflfcting  discovery,  such  an  expression  would  be  mosu  fluting 
as  due  appreciation  of  a  noted  scientist  foremost  prominent  in  the  event. 

A  word  from  you  v/ould  be  greatly  appreciated. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Vyf'V  V  VW-'I - - 

-fOi  Hi 





January  12,  1916. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

V/eat  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison,- 

I  know  a  young  man  v'io  fiola  that  salesmanship  io  below, 
both  socially  and  intellectually  considered,  other  professions .  Ha  can't 
see  that  salesmanship  represents  a  respectable  life-time  employment.  Will 
you  wire  me , > immediately,  collect,  a  one  or  too  sontonoo  tribute  to  sales¬ 
manship,  as  you  estimate  £  ,  that  may  help  this  young  man  of  my  prssent 
concern,  to  oeo  straight?  I'll  find  opportunity  soma  of  these  days  duly 
to  thank  you. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Ur.  Ueadoworaft,  Secretary 
to  Ur.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J* 

Dear  Ur.  Ueadoworaft: 

you  have  been  very  kind  in  oo-operatxns 
with  us  in  attempting  to  secure  from  I*.  Edison 
a  special  message  on  Thrift. 

I  can  quite  appreciate  how  overwhelmed 
he  is  with  work  and  the  many  appeals  that  come 
to  him. 

However,  you  may  he  able  to  put  your  hand 
on  some  statement  he  has  made  m  reference  to 
Thrift  that  I  might  quote.  tar  I  know  that  thxs 
is  close  to  his  thought  and  a  sentence  from  him 
would  count  tremendously  ^n+ll0J?^n|  ““e  way  he 


he  has  made  in  his  life. 

I  would  greatly  value  such  a  quotation 
if  you  can  locate  it.  It  will  help  many  a  fellow 
climb  up.  Thank  you. 


7]]/^..  ffitJtrtt  \  s" 

s  ia,;A  3 

/-  3  '  1  !■  -  '  J  SeSf**. 


-  1  r-  u  *** 

/Cc&jU'.j  htxHt. 


Ut\ <*1  *  Z*'\ 


€e  , 



l!y  dear  Hr.  Edison: - 

YUth  respect  to  the  rapid  re-building  of  your 
plant  for  making  phenol  in  Newark,  we  venture  to  ask,  for  editorial 
information,  that  a  statement  be  prepared  and  sent  to  us  indicating 
the  extent  of^Hrade  in  carbolic  acid  in  this  country,  and  the  need 
for  the  commodity  produced  by  the  war. 

y/e  should  welcome  from  you  from  time  to  time 
information,  not  necessarily  to  be  published,  but  which  in  your 
judgment  might  serve  as  a  proper  basis  for  consent  on  Important 
affairs  of  which  you  are  specially  cognizant.  Before  expressing 
editorial  opinions  we  would  know  the  facts  in  their  true  bearings; 
we  wish  to  be  unusually  well  informed,  and  therefore  more  responsible 
in  our  utterances  than,  newspapers  that  are  not  national  in  their 
scope  and  purposes.  Should  you  be  disposed  to  render  this  servioe 
on  occasions  selected  by  you,  I  am  sure  that  it  would  prove  of  high 
public  interest  and  value. 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

cui<  u-  t 

u  HHa  <r,, 

Jen.  17th.  1916. 

ilr.  H.  B.  Brougham, 

Public  Ledger, 

Independence  Square, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Pear  Sir: 

Your  favor  o.f  the  15th  instant  to 
iir.  Edison  has  been  received  by  him.  He  is 
exceedingly  buEy  on  some  special  investigations 
that  he  is  making,  and. has  asked  me  to  v.rite 
to  you  end  say  that  if  you  will  send  him  a 
list  of  specific  questions  in  regard  to  Carbolic 
^cid,  aniline,  Bon&ol,  etc.,  he  will  try  to  un- 
swer  those  that  touch  points  with  which  he  is  . 

Yours  very  truly, 

i.ssistant  to  Yir.  Edison. 

The  Engineering  Magazine 

J  ^frpnuory  17,  19.16.; _ ^ 

^ /  f 

5r.  Rollin  Vi.  Hutchinsfcn,  Jr. 

and  I  take  Pleac«!f  ir.  sending  you  ^ 

regard  ns  altogether  the  sanest  and  strongest  a 
Bade  ns  to  the  future  development  of  our  Koto  1 

nleasure  automobile  has  wrought  a  revolution,  and  for  ir 

and  over  again  in  .motor  trunks. 

j  asked  Hr.  Hutchinson  to  give  me  a  Uat  of  the  "thinking  men"  in 
the  industry,  so  that  I  night  send  his  article  to  them,  and  ns  he  includes 
you  among  those  who  are  thinking  intently  upon  the  problem.  1  take  special 

y  truly  yours, 

~  ^  2* 

Edison  .ua'borRtories , 
Bear  Sir: 

7,'e  desire  to  include  in  our  edition  of  ]?A THE  bEV’S 
issued  on  February  12th,  a  picture  of  iir.  Thoms  A.  rid  is  on, 
whose  birthday  anniversary,  re  understand,  occurs  on  February  11th. 
For  this  purpose,  we  require  not  more  than  fifty  feet  of  film, 
showing  Hr.  Edison  at  work  or  at  leisure,  to  be  used  under  a 
caption  somewhat  as  follows: 

"Thomas  A.  Edison,  electrical  '.vizard ,  celebrates 
his  sixty-ninth  birthday." 

As  you  know,  it  takes  less  than  two  minutes  to  ex¬ 
pose  fifty  feet  of  film  and  our  cameraman  would  take  up  little 
more  than  this  of  Hr.  Edison's  valuable  timo. 

7111  you  kindly  bring  this  matter  to  Hr.  Edison's 
attention,  together  with  th.-^  re  quest  that  h;  favor  ns  by  allow* 

HV.'F/HCB . 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor 
of  the  20th  instant,  and  have  consulted 
lur.  Eeison  in  regard  to  making  about  fifty 
feet  of  film  showing  Ur.  Edison  at  work 
or  at  leisure,  to  be  used  in  your  1’athe 
Hews  of  February  12th. 

Ur.  Edison  is  willing  that  this 
picture  may  be  taken,  but  would  prefer  not 
to  do  it  next  week.  You  can  call  me  up  if 
you  like  in  tho  beginning  of  the  week  of 
January  31st . 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Ur.  Edif 





January  20,  1916 

l,ir.  William  II.  iieadowcroft 

Assistant  to  Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
West  Orange,  Hen  Jersoy 
Dear  Ur.  Uoadowcroftj- 

You  may  remember  that  a  few  days  ago  I  wrote 
to  Kr  Edison  requesting  him  to  wire  me,  collect,  a 
one  or  two  sontonoe  tribute  to  salesmanship,  that 
mieht  be  of  help  in  assisting  a  young  man  of  my  ac¬ 
quaintance  ,  who  counts  the  profession  of  salesmanship 
beneath  him,  to  think  straight  bt  “°a rain'to  Sr 
please,  to  bring  this  request  of  mine  againto  Lr. 

Edison's  attention.  The  point  I  want  to  drive  home 
is  that  which  will  make  clear  to  my  young  man,  andto 
others  like  him,  the  fact  that  men  of  notable  achieve¬ 
ment  in  fiolds  other  than  of  profeosionalsalesmanship, 
view  appreciatively,  not  despising  them,  the  powei  and 
possibilities  of  this  particular  vocation  wlnoh  my 
young  man  mistnkonly  maligns. 

Assure  Ur.  Edison,  please,  that  he  can  be 
of  real  service  in  complying along  the  line  of  my 
quest  and  that  full  appreciation  wiU  welcome  any 
fifteen  or  twonty  or  more  words  that  he  may  find  it  in 
his  heart  to  dictate. 

Very  truly  your3 


Manager  of  VocationalDivioi 



Jan.  22nd,  1916 

Mr*  Thos*  A*  Edison,  y 

sur  Ur.  Miron:-  Qir^s.'^’  (tr.£fJw  ^ 

Something  oxer  a  ydar  ago  you  very  ^ 
kindly  consented  to  favor  us  with  your  opinion  upon  _  J 
the  subjeot  of  "MubIo  a  Human  necessity  in  Modern  lifey^ 
Mot  a  Heedless  Accomplishment.  ' —  " 

1  realize  how  extremely  busy  you 
have  been  since  the  outbreak  of  the  war  and  sinoe  the 
fire  from  which  you  recovered  so  phenomenally  l^suoh  a 
abort  time  and  for  that  reason  I  have  delayed  writing 
you  again. 

'i’his  symposium  was  published  month 
by  month  and  inoluded  the  opinions  of  a  great  many  men 
who  would  have  hesitated  to  have  given  them  for  any 
other  cause, -men  who  believe  in  the  big  Purpose  ®*. 
music , -the  wide  need  for  more  musio  and  better  music 
for  the  people.. 

We  send  you  herewith  in  a  special 
envelope,  registered,  several  pages  from  5KB  MUBB  in 
in  whioh  these  previous  opinions  have  been  given,  i 
am  sure  that  our  readers  would  be  very  grateful  to  you 
for  your  opinion  whioh  we  shall  take  pleasure  in  pub¬ 
lishing  as  soon  as  we  get  It. 

We  take  pleasure  in  sending  you  a 
copy  of  an  editorial  of  THE  ETUDE  which  has  been  re- 
printed  by  private  individuals  and  circulated  through 
a  great  many  thousand  ooplea. 

Very  cordially, 




1 1 

I  cannot  think  of  half  the  things  that  music  does.  Via 
know  that  music  will  make  a  soldier  charge  a  trench  more  resolutely 
and  a  workman  do  his  work  more  accurately  and  lapidly .  Je  also 

know  that  music  frequently  aids  the  aLi-tsrusUinPrela-ing 

that  it  helps  us  enjoy  our  dinners  better  and  assists  us  in  rela.ving 
n-rter  our  work  These  are  some  of  the  things  we  all  know  about. 

!  read  in  a  newspaper  last  night  that  a  prize-fighter  has  just  installed 
a  phonograph  in  his  training  quarters  so  he  can  listen  tomusio  while 
he  is  boxing  skinning  the  rope  and  punching  the  bag.  -h«tio  a  need 
for  music  which  I  should  never  have  thought  of  and  undoubtedly  tnere 
are  a  great  many  others  that  would  never  occur  to  me. 

The  greatest  need  for  music,  in  my  opinion,  is  the  need  we 
all  have  for  mSntal  and  moral  development.  llusic  speaks  in  t a* 

tongues  of  all  nations.  If  the  theme  i3  “°  taught  that  he  means  to 
and  if  the  composer  knows  how  to  express  the' taought  that  he  means Jo 
convey  we  can  understand  his  message,  no  matter  if  he  is  oi^n  alien 
race  and  his  thoughts  and  ideals  foreign  to  our  own.  Listen  to  a 
nation's  music  loEg  enough  and  you  can  form  a  pretty  good  idea  of  its 
people,  even  though  you  have  never  visited  their  country  nor  read 
their  literature. 

It  oiipreBse- 
itional  spirit 
simple  song 


All  music  conveys  some  kind  of  message 
a  of  human  thought  and  emotions. 

_  of  a  nation  are  sometimes  better 

th^n  by  the  commentaries  of  its  historians. 

t-f  t  were  p-oin"-  to  start  a  revolution  or  any  other 
movement-  which  reouired  the  crystalizing  of  public  sentiment  I  should 
p?efe?  L Appropriate  song  to  a  bushel  basket  full  of  speeches. 

kind  that  he  instinctively  prefers  I  think  l^P  s  _ 

a  desire  to  hear  better  music.  it  ®  him  infJnlte  lengths.  I  can 
-III  Ml“e SKIS  at'popui™  tana 

lead  a  man  ultimately  to  symphony  concerts. 

The  development  of  musical  culture  in  young  people  is,  in 

my  opinion,  an  ^ntf®igi^g?ngtor°plrforming  on  some  sort 

mean,  necessarily,  instruction  in  gingP  instrumentalists 

of  musical  lingers  oulture.  What 

f  “  y««W  people  la  t.  Blv.  the. 



sufficient  opportunity  of  hearing  good  music  to  insure  that  they 
will  aceuire  the  faculty  of  appreciating  and  understanding  at  least 
some  of ‘the  hotter  kinds  of  music.  My  idea  is  tnat  a  young  person 
cannot  hear  too  much  music.  Of  course  there  are  some  songs  which 
should  not  he  heard  and  there  is  some  music  which,  if  its  theme  is 
comprehended,  is  not  wholesome,  hut  parental  censorship  of  music  is 
a  comparatively  simple  matter. 


Music  a  Human  Necessity  in  Modern  Life 

Not  a  Needless  Accomplishment 


Among  the  many  Americans  foremost  in  public  life  who  are  taking 
part  in  this  momentous  symposium  from  month  to 
month  are  the  following : 



What  Music  Should  Mean  to  the  Business  Man 

By  Eldridgc  R.  Johnson 





February  1,  1!)16 

$Jr?ss  (ttlitlt  of  (EIjiragn 


Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

West  Orange,  K .  J. 
My  Dear  Sir: 

February  7,  1916, 

May  I  take  this  opportunity  of  thanking  you  for 
your  splendid  expression  of  sympathy  upon  the  recent  death 
of  Mr,  Thomas  Leopold  Willson  -  the  inventor  of  commercial 
calcium  carbide  -  reproduced  in  the  Acetylene  Journal  and 
augmenting  to  large  extent  our  own  notice  and  biography. 

With  the  issue  in  which  this  article  appeared 
I  resigned  the  editorship  of  the  publication,  and  am  now 
writing  the  many  who  have  so  kindly  assisted  me  during  the 
time  I  was  in  the  editor's  chair  -  hence  this  word  of  appre¬ 
ciation  for  your  courtesy. 

Yours  very 



|258PM  f  f  7 

,r  -  ,  • 

-  Z//6 

Jly  dear  Ur.  Edison:  — 

I  was  just  wondering 

if  you  are  going  to  make  your  trip  South 

will  he  possible  forme  to  see  you  when  I  am  in  that  vicin 
ity  about  March  Uth?  I  would  like  to  have  a  little  chat 
with  you,  so  as  to  prepare  a  little  sketch  for  the  reads  - 
of  the  NATIONAL.  Somehow,  our  readers  seem  to  feel -ill 
usod  if  we  let  six  months  pass  without  something  new  about 
Thomas  A,  Edison, 

I  am  anxious  to  know  what  progress  has  been  made 
on  the  "Tol is  cribs".  I  wrote  an  article  about  it,  and  nov 
I  am  wondering  whether  it  would  be  available  to  l'°a 
library,  to  talk  my  thoughts  into  it  at  night,  and  have  than 
recorded  for  the  next  morning.  About  the  °nly  br  lliant 
thoughts  that  come  to  me  ,  come  in  the  night,  or  the  wee 
sma'«  hours  of  the  morning.  I  have  gotten  into  the  habit 
of  dictating,  and  I  cannot  transcribe  these  tncughts  by 
pencil  the  cone  as  Ihorson  used  to  do. 

I  wish  you  could  hear  my  tribute  to  you  in  my 
"FLASHLIGHTS  0?  FAMOUS  PEOPLE",  which  I  have  been  giving 
all  over  the  country.  Anyone  in  the  audience  is  privilege 
to1  call  on  me  for  a  word  picture  of  some  celobrity,  and  when 
+h«v  cell  for  Thomas  A.  Edison  -  which  I  assure  you  is  often 

ASStSSw  *.  «•  XV.  ' 

are  the  real,  true  monument  to  ihomas  A.  Edison.  It  i 
great  stuff,  and  I  am  going  to  have  one  of  these  tributes 
taken  down  some  time  and  send  it  to  you. 

in  anxious  to  prepare  something  in  the  Washing- 

March  8  th  ,  1916 • 

Mr .  Durand  : 

puoiiBhea  MBtW&S:  SSUSSi  SX?rSAS 

It  is  all  to  the  gooa. 

You  will  see  in  the  second  paragraph  in  Ilr.  Chepple '  s 

lott.r  that  h.  «*c  «  niS wVt.  hi. 

you  to  Ire  the  trouble  to  write  nine  nice  ^radical  application 

so.othinp  about  tno  oorTricrcial  ^  ;vili  find  that  he  will 

SoSilfSK T»Ko“rlio!o  £55  :t  in  tno  llotionol  llagaolne. 

vindlv  bu-.  in  your  letter  that  I  received  his  favor  of  the 
aevonth  instant  and "have  asked  you  to  reply  to  his  ouestion  , 
comos  in  your  province. 

...  ii.  UiSADOlVChOl'E . 

March  8,  1916.  /  ,]S^  ) 

V  '  '  J 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  \  j 

East  Orange,  N.J.  N‘~ - '' 

My  dear  Sir: 

Prompted  by  the  leaders  of  the  Labor  Unions,  Congressman  Tavener  of 
Illinois  has  introduced  in  the  House  a  bill  prohibiting  the  use  of  time  studies  and 
the  payment  of  premiums  or  bonus  in  cash  to  the  mechanics  and  employees  in  all  Gov¬ 
ernment  arsenals  end  ship-yards.  I  enclose  a  copy  of  the  bill,  so  that  you  may  know 
its  present  provisions,  end  I  understand  that  the  scheme  is  to  prohibit  all  Govern¬ 
ment  contractors  from  employing  these  systems. 

Of  course  you  know  that  the  Labor  Unions  bitterly  opposed  the  introduction 
of  the  power  loom,  the  sewing  machine,  the  locomotive,  the  air  brake,  the  type-oetting 
machine,  and  in  fact  every  great  labor-saving  device  that  has  ever  been  invented— upon 
the  stupid  theory  that  "it  would  throw  men  out  of  work."  This  proposed  legislation 
is  of  a  piece  with  all  such  ignorant  reasoning,  and  the  plan  of  the  labor  leaders  is 
to  take  advantage  of  this  presidential  year  to  force  such  legislation  through  Congress. 

I  presume  you  know  that  similar  legislation  was  slipped  through,  in  the 
closing  days  of  the  last  Congress,  as  "a  rider"  in  an  Appropriation  Bill— Fitzgerald, 
the  Tammany  Congressman  from  New  York,  who  is  Chairman  of  the  Appropriation  Commit¬ 
tee,  being  the  man  who  worked  the  scheme  at  the  behest  of  the  labor  leaders. 

The  necessity  for  exposing  and  blocking  this  legislation  is  so  manifest 
that  a  COMMITTEE  of  TEN,  representing  all  the  leading  engineering  societies,  the 
National  Association  of  Manufacturers,  the  National  Metal  Trade  Association,  the 
Chamber  of  Commerce  of  the  United  States,  and  many  local  chambers,  has  been  appoint¬ 
ed  to  take  active  steps  in  opposition.  Mr.  Henry  R.  Towns  has  accepted  the  Chair¬ 
manship  of  this  Committee,  end  I  am  serving  as  one  of  its  active  members. 

As  a  means  of  exposing  the  movement,  I  plan  to  present  all  the  facts  in 
the  forthcoming  April  number  of  The  Engineering  Magazine,  and  Mr.  Towno  has  agreed 
to  give  me  a  very  notable  leading  article  upon  the  subject. 

To  supplement  the  facts  which  Mr.  Towne  and  I  shall  present,  I  especially 
desire  brief  expressions  of  opinion  upon  the  subject  from  about  twenty-five  or  thirty 
of  the  ibremost  men  now  in  charge  of  our  greatest  engineering  and  mechanical  industries 
-—the  aim  being  to  show  Congressmen  that  the  industrial  leadership  of  the  country  is 
a  unit  ih  opposition. 

Will  you  be  kind  enough,  therefore,  to  write  me  promptly  a  brief  and  pointed 
letter,  stating  the  objections  which  you,  as  a  large  employer,  see  to  legislation  of 
this  damaging  character!  I  want  to  publish  your  letter  in  company  with  some  twenty- 
five  others  of  like  character  from  the  foremost  executives  and  employers  in  the  United 
States,  and  I  am  very  sure  that  such  a  publication  will  prove  of  great  practical  val¬ 
ue  ir.  opening  theqres  of  Congressmen  who  have  given  no  study  to  the  subject,  and 
henoe  do  not  understand  it. 


THe  Engineering  Magazine 

X  presume  you  know  how  the  Labor  Unions  have  dominated  British  in¬ 
dustry-even  to  the  point  of  imperiling  the  nation  through  lack  of  war 
munitions.  Unless  American  employers  now  speak  out  emphatically  on  such 
legislation  ss  the  Tavenner  Bill,  we  may  be  sure  that  the  labor  leaders  and 
the  scheming  politicians  will  make  serious  t 

Very  truly  yours. 

roublefor  us. 

Editor  and  Proprietor. 


64th  Congress, 

1st  Session  H.  R.  8666 

January  11,  1916 

Mr.  Tavenner  introduced  the  following  bill;  whloh  was  referred  to  the 
Committee  oh  Labor  and  ordered  to  bo  printed. 

To  regulate  the  method  of  directing  the  work  of  Government  employees. 

Be  in  enaoted  by  the  Senate  and  House  of  Representatives 
ofthe  United  States  of  America  in  Congress  assembled. 

That  it  shall  be  unlawful  for  any  officer,  manager,  superin¬ 
tendent,  foreman,  or  other  person  having  charge  of  the  work 
of  any  employee  of  the  United  States  Government  to  make 
or  cause  to  be  made  with  a  stop  watch  or  other  time-measuring 
device  a  time  study  of  any  job  of  any  such  enployee  between 
the  starting  and  completion  thereof,  or  of  the  movements  of 
any  such  employee  while  engaged  upon  such  work.  No  premiums 
or  bonus  or  cash  reward  shall  be  paid  to  any  employee  in  ad¬ 
dition  to  his  regular  wages,  except  for  suggestions  resulting 
in  improvement  or  economy  in  the  operation  of  any  Government 

SEC.  2.  That  any  violations  of  the  provisions  of  this 
Aot  shall  be  deemed  a  misdemeanor  and  shall  be  punished  by  a 
fine  of  not  more  than  $600  or  by  imprisonment  of  not  more 
than  six  months,  at  the  discretion  of  the  court. 


, -1,1  cS-fai/mon.  on  c*  X-etXfe1- ow 

Ui- - ,n —  ‘ 


^  2/1"  Lo  Cl/n  ctCLc^n-Jaf"  2"o  |*Vr 
€‘.1'|a.CUvcv,cm  Otf  oluoo-ot»--rj>i..i/j  bctCi  fcJ 
j/<X/fc-OT  eurne^  |a  l-lA-K  c 

-€xVv-ewY»  \<|  txXA.  H^lC.  t 

to  ^^tLti.e,venXCt^  TrMcvnevcjGc)  v»  f~i  <5p- 

Ov\^  tjeX"  {oJ>~<rr  ■( Cc\.<p^cot3  <L<x»wic<  X- 

G  <r  'a*'_  ja^-c^  c/voc*  ^t^te  |-g\.oC  j^^oX-Cu 

trt^<LfiVAA/3£.  C/t  1/9  ~  l^-&nrxri<uaic»-t^  C>W 

JtHti  «jc^K>£x)  d>-j“  cx  pi’wi 

0'UcU't.°"C^C/^  '^K'V-OIC  CU-tG. 

c  ■»  Toi  cvvt  -».|  <-0  <*~t|  <> 

CS  CvAJU^&tj  XaJnt y  'fccv^GrJ  ect-vn 
tA\vja.r«xT{U  C'tmct C.(»<m/i  £-u 

v. Lc.f|  l-JTc^I  i  <*v\  6-U/t"  1'A  vo  (^^fcw^OTUF‘rt£*’V» 

\  tci.  |  o-v'W  wua/\*  to  TicS^f  O-  to-o 

\  Cc  J 
&C  (&j!sVY\y 




March.  30,10X6. 



\  <’ 

Mr  .Thomas  A.Sdison, 

It  .ifyerjla. 

Dear  Sir : -I  awaking  the  liberty  of  writing  you  to  ask  if  you  would  care  to 
Bay  a  word  concerning  the  New  York  Herald- a  attitude  t  oward  your  inventions 
and  acconplishments  in  the  years  past  .The  Herald  will  have  an  anniversary 
number  seen  and  I  was  asked  t  o  see  you. If  you  ha  ve  any  of  your  valuable 
time  to  spare  and  can  oonveniertly  write  a  statement  for  publication  X 

would  be  extremely  obliged  to  you. 

with  deep  gratitude  for  your  many  past  favors, and  tr  usting  you  will 
have  fullmeasure  of  enjoymeri  during  the  vacation  you  so  richly  earned, 

I  remain, . 

Yours  respectfully, 

National  Magazine 

31st  March  1916 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 

Orange,  New  Jersey 
My  dear  Sirs 

We  onolose  herewith  rough  galley  proof  of  paragraph 
prepared  by  Mr.  Chappie  flhioh  is  to  appear  in  the  April  issue  of 


““2^'  <? 
Editorial  Department# 


□s  who  appeared  at  llic  hearing  of  Ihc  Naval 
‘homos  Alva  Edison.  While  many  of  the 

a  AinNn  the  eminent  witnesses  who  appeared  at  the  nearing  01  me  ■»»•» 
A  ffilS  was  Thomas  Alva  Edison.  While  many  of  the 
^questions  had  to  be  repeated  to  him.  his  keen-witted  responses  ‘"heated 

zsrsi  sr'zr:,^  : . .»« 

use  or  the  aqvisorj  w*vu  *  “  ,  .  '  ,  Bulls  without  furnishing 

cquiimtcntand  thc^rvicesof  expci'ts,  the  °r  corPora*’t  n 

.  six  or  chth^wceksTor  even  Inth^  hut 
of  Orange  and  his  corps  of  i ^^.stams.  .  ..  -  csp0rl5. 

One  of  the  messengers  outside  kept  roping  to  ’ "^n 
address — “Is  life  so  dear  or  peace  select  "‘'t  l,  »"dagam  to 
“^••pS-  S&&  a  refrain  of  "S^  SusiJs  Sewing  Shirts 

Mr  Thomas  A.Edlsi 

A a  you  have  doulr 

the  newspapers .Distrii 

Attorney  Swann .and  also  the  Thompson  Committee, oontemplate  investigating 
the  wholesale  "wire-tapping"  which  has  been  going  on  in  this  city  for  some  has  been  learned  that  within  two  less  than  35o  telephones 
have  been  tapped.  Legal  authorities  have  told  The  American  that  this  prac¬ 
tice  is  without  warrant  of  law.Mr. Swann  himself  says  "wire-tappivig"  is 
not  legal  unless  possible  crime  is  involved.The  "tapping"  during  the  recent 
Charities  investigation  has  been  widely  exposed. 

The  Amerioan  requests  that  you  allow  a  reporter  to  visit  you, in 
o  rder  to  get  a  statement  of  ypur  views  on  the  question  of  this  "tapping." 

AS  you  were  so  closely  allied  with  the  ferowth  of  the  telephone  to  its  present" 
high  standard, your  words  would  carry  much  weight.  If  it  is  not  possible  for 
a  reporter  to  see  you  personally, could  you  dictate  some  statement .that  this 
paper  might  have. 

Thanking  you  ill  advance  for  an  answer  to  this  communication, I  < 

New  York  American 

Kindly  address  R.C.MoCabe 

New  York  American 
238  William  St. 

New  York.N.Y. 


Mr .  Mead  cw  croft  , 

Secretary  t  o  Mr  .Thomas  A. Edison, 

-ear  Sirt-l'he  Slew  York  herald  would  like  t  o  get  from  -r.Ec 
on  his  recent  talk  with  Mr. George  Vf.  Perkins  concerning  Co3 
camoaign  for  the  Presidency. Gan  X  see  Mr. Edison  t  omorrar? 

X  thank  you  for  your  many  courtesies. 

Gratefully  yours. 

some  word 
Eoosevelt  1  s 



.  ) 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Vest  Orange,  H.J. 

Bear  Ur.  Edison:-  v-- - 

lira.  Mary  Roberts  Binehart,  who ,  as  you  know , 
is  one  of  the  most  popular  '.vomer,  writers  in  the  country--if  hot 

actuallv  the  most  popular - has  arranged  to  report  the  three 

national  conventions  for  the  Public  ledger  Syndicate,  and 
reports  will  go  into  the  newspapers  representing  all  shades  of 

_ ■,  -u„i .  Q-r  tv,rniwVmut  the  country.  She  is  a  warm  admirer 

- ,  i  when  we  closed  with  her  the  other 

.  to  write  to  you  requesting  that  you  have  sent 

of  you  and  I'r .  Roosevelt, 

ionairprogressive  Condition.  the  list  of  officers  and  such  other 
detailed  information  as  may  be  necessary. 

Also,  in  order  to  represent  correctly  the 
«+-Htude  of  the  Progressive  leaders  to  the  readers  of  the  nation 
is  rpcessary  that  Mrs.  Binehart  have  such  antecedent  knowledge 

“iS  isfe  «“*?=££ 

in  Sewickley? 

Mrs.  Binehart  would  go  to  V.’est  Orange  to  see 

= fews-e  ssa-  ss 

elethoning  her  at  Sewickley  and  arranging  for  an  appointment  there. 

telephoning  her  at  Sewickley 

Cordially  and  si 

leroly  y( 


acU  -H- 


df  a  * 

jsjxsi?* ‘sf 

-  iu~~<  o-e<fW- 

Hay  29th.  1916 

Ur.  Abraham  Cahan,  Editor, 

Jewish  Daily  Forward, 

Forward  Building, 

Bow  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

Y'.ur  favor  of  the  26th  instant  to  Ur, 
Edison  ^  a  Been  received  an:',  submitted  \o  him. 
He  requests  rr.c  to  say.  that  he  will  see  you  any 
day  at  the  Laboratory. 

1  would  suggest  that  you  call  me  up 
in  advance  of  yur  coming,  and  then  I  shall  bo 
able  to  tell  you  if  he  will  surely  be  here. 
Yours  vary  truly. 

Assistant  to  Ur.  Ed' son. 

Who’s  Who  In  HbwYork 

June  12, 

Mr.  Thomas  Alva  Edison, 
Orange,  II.  J. 

Dear  Hr.  Edison; - 

In  "bringing  out  the  7th  Edition  of 
"Who's  Who  in  Hew  York"  we  must  again  aslc  your 
oo-operation  in  order  to  secure  accuracy. 


\)  i' 


Your  biography  herewith  enclosed  is 
now  three  years  old.  The  information  therein 
contained  undoubtedly  needs  revision  and  we 
should  be  grateful  to  you  if  you  will  look  it 
over  and  make  such  changes  as  you  think  neces¬ 

We  aim  to  present  in  as  few  words  as 
possible  a  biographical  sketch  of  our  important 
citiaens.  Thi3  collection  has  had  in  the  past 
a  real  value  as  a  book  of  reference  and  un¬ 
questionably  this  value  increases  with  each 

By  supplying  this  information  you 
incur  no  obligation  to  become  a  subscriber  and 
you  will  not  be  :approached  by  solicitors. 

This  is  a  limited  edition  and  no 
reprints  will  be  made.  Therefore  if  you  desire 
to  subscribe,  the  early  receipt  of  your  order 
on  the  enclosed  form  will  assure  you  a  copy. 

Sincerely  yours, 








June  19,  1916 

Mr.  William  H.  Meadoworcft, 
o/o  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  j|.J. 

Dear  Mr .  Meadoworoft:  I 

Do  you  think  that  I  oould  get  Mr.  Edison  to  aut¬ 
ograph  one  of  hiB  photographs  for  me  to  add  to  my  collec¬ 
tion?  If  you  think  that  he  would  be  so  kind  as  to  do  thin 
and  will  toll  me  where  I  can  get  the  best  photograph,  I 
shall  send  it  down  to  you. 

Very  sincerely  yours. 

Samuel  Orowther/C  ♦ 

£4*S**.,  7~,  A,  — 


How  Yorlc,  June  21,  1916. 


jj!e.  Thos.  A.  Hdison, 

Orange , 

Hew  Jersey-:' 

Bear  !Ir.  Adison,/ 

ehe  ’.Vor-ld  wi shes  to  thank  yon  tov  the  interest 


you  ha 

r-  Ao 

a  to^-the  Statue  of 

srty  nivinination 

Hu-u  /sad  for  yonr .contribution. 
/  Hay  we  not  ask  you  to  write 

short  statement 

,4  publication  giving  your  approval  of  the  movement?  ^ 
The  following  suggestion  might  he  of  some  use  in  „ritin0 
this  statement: 

\  consider  it  an  honor  to  contribute  my  dona  'ion 
to  the  Statue  of  lib  r;y  Illumination  fund.  2very  Amer¬ 
ican  should  rally  to  the  support  of  such  a  Periotic 
»uent .  liberty  enshrouded  in  darkness  every  night 
can  never  he  the  inspiration  she  should  he,  I  e„rn=.wt 
Z  hope  that  every  successful  attend  the  .Vorld's  cam¬ 
paign  for  the  $30,000  fund.  ' 

Very  truly  yours, 


The  men  who  dig  and  twelve  into  the  mysteries  of  science 
must  make  many  sacrifices  in  exchange  for  the  great  privelege. 
But  no  man  who  does  not  love  the  work  will  dig  and  delve  at  it, 
and  tiius  the  reward  of  most  investigators  comes  much  as  come 
the  satisfactions  of  a  mother's  love,  not  in  material  returns 
hut  in  sentimental  gains.  Again,  who  knows  so  well  as  the  suc¬ 
cessful  investigative  scientist  the  glowing  pride  which  only 
can  arise  from  having  definitely  added  to  the  sum  of  the 
vra rid'  3  knowledge? 

It  must  seem,  for  these  andjather  reasons,  that  Jonas  Wal¬ 
ter  Ayls worth,  who  die^recently  in  his' Hew  Jersey  home,  the 
bed  on  which  he  passed  away  situate  not  far  from  the  little 
laboratory  of  big  results  wherein  he  worked  his  wonders,  must 
have  lived  a  fuller,  gladder  life  than  most  men. 

For  he  had  not  lived  and  worked,  he  had  not  delved  and 
dtg  in  vain.  Few  men’s  memories  have  been  honored  by  the  grief 
of  more  associates  known  widely  in  the  world  of  science  than 
now  genuinely  mourn  his  passing..- 

This  is  to  be  no  set  and  stolid  biographical  account  of 
Aylsworth.  It  has  no  ambition  other  than  to  give  £0.  those  who 
care  to  real  it  some  impressions- of  tlie  man  gathered  by  a  lay¬ 
man  in  conversation  with  a  group  of  friends  who  taieu  and  loved 
him.  It  is  the  Edison  group  which  talked  of  him  to  me  —  such 

2  Aylsowrth 

men  as  the  Sreat\yentor,,hli^,  Meadowcroft  one^Hutchison. 

I  wish  I  might  feel  'certain  that  when-clpass  alongthree  men 
as  able  and  as  qualified  to' judge  will  speak'  as  well  of  me! 

[lylsworth.  was  bom  in  the  last  days  of  December,  1868, 
an.d  died  June  7th,  of  this  year,  1916,  midway  between  his  for¬ 
ty-seventh  and  forty-eighth  birthday.  Hot  very  frequently  do 
we  encounter  records  of  so  few  years  which  have  been  so  full. 

His  was;  not  a  ripe  old  age,  but  .an  amazingly  large  p»p5rE3^ 
if  its  Lments  were  productive.  The- world  owes  nrnch  to_the 
mere  fact  that  Aylsvrarth  lived. 

:  Like  thousands  of  successful  Americans  he  had  to  struggle 
hard  for  all  his  priveleges  of  production.  Thirsting  xor 
knowledge  he  did  not  grudge  the  price  of  effort  which  it  cost. 

Ho  silver-spoon  was  in  his  mouth  when  he  was  bom,  no  velvet 
fingered  Pate  smoothed  obstacles  from  his  life’s  path  in  youth 
or  eatly  manhood.  But-stru^Ung  never  meant'  discouragement 
to  him.  /setback;  U 

with-jW-^esgtlf,- menta '  ^psycholtgical.  as  pfcr>i  cal  exer¬ 
cise  deve  lo.pes  human  muscles. 

Attica,  Indiana,  was  his  birth-place,  end  he  went  to  school 
there,  finding  in  the  high-school  course  sound  preparation  for 
Ids  later  work  in  Perdue  University,  tbat-small,-^ res-water.". 

which  has  produced- BQ-many-  really  celebrated  Anv 
ericans,  including  many- members  -of  our-most  eminent  modern  lit- 

3  Aylsworth 

erary  group. 

-■  /- 

No.tne*sn-&is  early  search  for  knowledge  was--witheuVits~ 

-‘I  it 

disappointments.  A  year  after  ke  beget*, his  college  education 
was  brought  to  and  end  by  the  death  of  his  father,  which  nec- 

cessitated  the  commencement  of  the  younsgter's  work  at  bre&d- 

uirmiig '.  And,  perhaps ,  asnften  proves  to_be  the.  case,  ^  ■ 
g».-»m-t^;p^Tn^']rpp»Arbppy f.ZBXtt&t feBnzkgg zb SEBxtrUB ZX 23C ZXXZXX  AatS 

really  was  kinder  then  she  seemed  to  be,  for  the  termination  of 

his  college  fcLfe  at  just  that  time  thrust  him  sbruptly.-face  .to. 

face..  with\  the<  real  opportunity  which  he-advantaged-of-to-his-ovni 

benefit  and  that- of-  ell  the  world,  making- him  famous  at  an  age 

much  less  than  that  at  which-most  men  begin-to  f  asMon-a-success- 

att-all  worth-while..  It  seems  to  been  the  mere  chance,  of 

neccessity  which  thrust.  Atlsworth  into  electricity.  But-who 

JwiewS?'— At-aiy-rate ^is  first  work  was  with  Mr.  Edison,.-.  ■  - 

For  three  years  he  worked  with  the  greatest  of  the  world’s 

i  nventors  at  the  Edison  Chemical  Laboratory,  snd  during  every 

moment  of  that  period  he  increased  the  worthiness  of  the  record 

he  was  doomed  to  finish  all  too  soon. 

^^a-~^^y4j^^tart--evetydne 'ih  'the  int'ense'-establ'ishment 
was -very- fond'-  of  "him,"  and, -  better; 'everyone  -  re  spe.c4d-  him, 
which  was/Jar  more-  iE^e'SSiys,~fdrv'to‘''gairr’respect'  f rom  men  like 

-Edisoir'and  those"  around  him-one"H0!Bt'>,prpducer, 
Aylswwrth  was  a  born  experimenter.  Exceedingly  ciuiet, 
very  unassuming,  continually  thoughtful,  he  achieved  tr»iy  won- 

4  Ayls worth 

derful  results  with  out  sensationalism.  ProiridiB-ve¥y  start 
it-TfSB-tu-i-te-eiri'dent— bhat-he-never  -would-be-- a~boaster.‘  ^It-is 

probable  that  he  would  have  gained  through-  some  -  additional- . self- 

appre  ciation.  But  no  man  could  have  a  better  fault... than.  that. .... 

His  worlds  methods/were  i.eculiarly  hisj  own.  i  Sometime?, 
even  to  thosej  ;vdio  1 mew  him  best.W  who  were  most  familiar 
with  the  problems  which  confronted  him,  it  seemed  that  he  was 
laboring  along  lines  certain  to  be; fruitless,  but  his  splendid 
record,  which ‘now  is  being  totalled  up,  a\  records  are,  after 
those  who  make  them  have  phased  on,  shows  that  this  occurred 
less  frequently  with  Aylsworth  than  with  most  men. 

The  reason  for  this  Vrequent\rcongN  impression-is  not . far 
to  seek  call  in  it  lies  the  evidence \of  one’ of  his  unique  char¬ 
acteristics.  Not  infrequently  he  aimed  for  the  purely  nega¬ 
tive  during  lorg  periods  of  experimentation,  and-bhe-ability 

■  very  rare  which,  pemit  their  owners  -to  strive  ;cbnstantly-fer 
“S95g=BSXds«Brto  disprove  the  usefulness  of  an  idea  or  material, 

i - w-hinh  maatuhe-done ♦  Thh,  process  of  elimination, 

highly  valuable  as  it  is,  is  the  most  tiresome  and  discouraging 
of  scientific  processes.  In  conversation  but  a  few  days  after 
Mr.  Aylsworth*  s  death  Mr.  Edsion  remarked: 

"An  experienced  explorer  may  select  a  path,  when  he  seeks 
to  climb  a  mountain,  the  choice  of  which  will  much  astonish  a 

5  Aylsv/orth 

mere  amateur.  He  may  taken®  that-  which  seems  to  lead 

him  downward  and  around,  rs.ther  than  upward  and  acioss,  where: 
he  desires  to  go,  for  it  very  well  may  he  of  vital  value  to 
him  to  discover  what  roads  to  not  go  to  the  top.  That  knowledgf 
more  then  anything  other,  will  guard  him  and  his  successors 
from  mistakes  in  future  Pursuit  of  what,  to  the  inexpert  eye, 
may  seem  to  he  a  hopeless  route,  may  lead  to  the  discovery  of  a 
short  cut.  The  explorer  who  proceeds  successfully  in  this  way 
may  he  said  to  have  the  instinct  of  the  searcher’s  task.  Mr. 
Aylsworth  was  one  of  the  truly  great  explorers  isxMasx  of  new 
land  in  the  world  of  jnrrfrmg  chemical  experiment,  and  his  suc¬ 
cess  was  largely  due  to  this  unusual  quality. 

"By  following  the  methods  which  'with  him  were  habitual, 
tkat~4s.,  hy  examining  every  phase,  not  merely  those  which  seemed 
most  likely  to  lead  to  quick  solution  of  the  problem  which  he 

in  mind,  he  secured  himself  against  eventual  failure  hhen 
success  was  near  at  hand  —  an  experience  which  most  investi¬ 
gators  know,  now  and  then,  to  theirinfinite  distress. 

"In  going  from  the  bottom  of  the  mountain,  from  A  to  B, 
he  learned  not  onljrWery  path IvhjLch  lei  there,  hut  learned 

jarned  ev- 
■iorkei  i] 

ery  jpath  which  did  In  pasS^g  on  |rom  B  to  C  he  \L.  - 

the  lame  why,  and  wal  Vs  thorough  In  Ms  study  of  the  jiigjier 
reaches  intervening  before  reaching  D.  Thus,  when  he  had  fin¬ 

ished, l  and  stood  triumphantly  upon  the  summit,  he  not  only  knew 


how  to  get  there,  but  he  knewNfWi^  as  well  how  not  to  get 
there/  Khowirg  the  'Vaerlts  of  .the  right  paths  he  also  knew  the 
dangers  of  the  wrong  ones.^He  not  only  unequipped  with  knowl- 
edge  v/hiciT'&s-sured  success,  but  "lie  was  equipped  with  kao-ladge 
which  safeguarded  him  against  disaster  in  the  future.  When 
Aylsworth  once  accomplished  a  result  he  always  could  duplicate 

it  an  indefinite  number  of  times,  and  always  could  do  this  by 

.  rr"  i  t  h  S*1  a-  c  -  ( 

along  the  lines  of  really  least  resistance*.  " 
l  (tu£z  L$u-&  ?i 

6  His  work  as  an  experimenter  in  the  Edison  Laboratory  oc- 
copied  .Mm  nine  years.  At  the  end  of  that.period  he  began 
w-ork  for  himself,  continuing  his  brilliant  record,  but,  pres¬ 
ently,  handicapped  by  kidney  trouble. 

Ten  years  ago  he  rejoined  the  Edison  forces,  first  recu- 
pe ratirg  for  a  period  at  Mr.  Edison's  own  place  in  Florida. 

"C-o  down  there",  said  the  great  inventor,  "end  live  on  a  milk 
diet.  That  will  fix  you  up". 

Unquestionably  this  pr  ocedure  did  prolong  the  life  of  Mr. 

Aylsworth,  but  after  the  first  break-down  it  was  neccessary 

that  he  should  exercise  the  greatest  care.^  was  compelled 

to  abandon  Ma^sition-as-en  active 

■tQ-'-U-vLjl.  Wvim-w  1 

any-ottieig-foxces^tiieu^^he-retai^-his^Edison^onne  ction  * 

Pfceer**^''  t 

iri-a^iisulting^^^oity,  establishing  ^little  laboratory  back 
of  his  home  at  Glen  Bidgea.  In  that  tiny  place  he  did  much 

work  of  very  real  importance. 


Btaas=aa»e  three  things  whack  M^Aylsworth  never  learned 
to  do  —  he  never  learaed>td\M^ drink  at  all,  he  never  learned 
to  smoke  excessively  and  he  never 'learned  how  to  speak  ill  of 
anyolieT  The  first  two  conservatisms  lost  him  no  real  friends-- 
and  the  him  many.  Indeed  it  may  /be  said  that 

this  perfectly  developed  quality  was  niotably  responsible  for 

;  /  j 

the  fact  that  he  was  universally  beloved  by  those  jho  knew  him. 

There  have  bebn  few /men  with  whom  Mr.  Edison  jias  been  a^le 
to  work  more  succiessfulljr.or  with  greater  personal  pleasure 
from  the  close  contact  which  co-work  brings  about  between  twb\ 

Wheneeer  Mr.  Edison  found  himself  confronted  by  a  task  in¬ 
volving  chemistry  in  a  high  degree  end  requiring  the  pttention 

l L 

of  a  directing  mind  for  each  one  of  the  twenty-four  hors,  he 
was  rather  sure  to  send  for  Mr.  Aylsworth,  feon-Mrr-AylswortttJ-s 
se r-v4ce s-were^of --truly-great-ijiiportanaej,  for  he,  too,  could  do 
with  comparatively  little  sleep,  (an-ability  for  which  Mr.  Edi- 
Son-is  famous)  and  tills  permitted  him  to  watch  events  with  a 


minute  and  perfect  understanding.wMle-Mr._Edison::snatched^^  . 

Wtn-tA.  Im-r  CA  4.1 

sligjit-re  st.  he-grants  himself  on-such-occaaione,  eft  the  same 

^  L. 

time  Wflip-i-rg  in  many  other  definite  ways.  For  example,  while 
(xMU  StPirot -v*A  «•£ 

Mr.  Edison,  himself ^senducted  the  principle  investigations, 

•fl.c.  tvu-A  U  i./Q  tv^u.  tu'T-WW.  /v.  Iua  Ac  \ 

M§-  Aylswwrth  f r e quently  ^ OTqd-o-rad.  side  lines,  being  ready, 

when  Mr.  Edison  required  it,  with  absolutely  authentic  data 

lyls  worth 

upon  which  Mr.  Edison  not  only  could  proceed  hut  frag;  upon  which 
he  frequently  could  base  final  conclusions.  It  is  doubtful  if 
two  men  ever  worked  together  more  harmoniously  in  chemical  ex¬ 
perimentation  than  did  these  two .  v 

Millay  Reese  Hutchison  paid  jk%a-i4ttle-  tribute  at  the 
Edison  Laboratory. in  a  conversation  which  occurred  a  day  or 
two  after  ke  his  death  was  reorded.  Said  Mr.  Hutchison: 

"I  became  acquainted  with  him  in  1901**,  -e-aid-Mr-r-Hutohi — - 
sso^when  I  was  at  work  for  Mr.  Edison  upon  the  acousticon,  an 
instrument  designed  to  aid  the  deaf.  Mr.  Edison  was  very  busy 

and  when  I  went  to  him  doe  information  about  carbon  lie  refeered 
q\H  "it!*  aMj.  ■Stlo-Hi k'C  ^  7 

me  to  Mr.  Aylsourth.ll  I  was  amazed  by  the  minuteness  of  feis 


knowledge  and  scarcely  less  so  by  his  willingness  to  help  me. 

I  believe  he  felt,  in  helping  men  (and  many  others  who  went  to 

him,  as  I  did,  after  exactly  accurate  information)  that  in 


helpirg  me  Jie  helped  tlie  cause  of  science.  Hncfcx  T]ie  conscious- 

ness  that  lie  was  doing  that  was  very  often  quite  enough  reward 
Im.  Zdu  j\  aOr  o) 

for  excessively  hard  and  perfect  v;orW^.  But  by  this  I  do  not 

mean  to  indicate  tliat  he  ever  was  unready, 'to  help  anyone,  no' 
tiu-tA-o-O-uj  ^  f'lu 

matter  what  their  difficulty  miglit  be.  The  mere ^f act  that  any- 

one  was  troubled,  or  even  seriously  puzzled,  was  enough  .fox” 

<D  rui| 

Ayl swo rth,--whe n-he - ~f o und-it  -o utO  Forthwith  he  would  drop  his 
own  work,  quite  regardless,  even  though  he  might  never  hare  jet  , 

before  the  man  for  whom  he  did  the  service.  To  Jonas  Waite 

Aylsworth,  in  an  extraordinary  degree^ service  was  \^tspwn  re- 
vmr/1  Vn-in+.  whichVraade  him''3!!iii0Xraflat  ioyfvll-y.  was/^w\con- 

ward.  ^That  whichWde  him'si!iiie''"rx)^t  joyfully.  Yfas/fee\con- 
sciousnessHjiafc  lie  lihchmade  another  aiai^e .  During  the  fohr  or 
five  years  of  our  'close  association  I  found  him  truly  wonder- 

"He  was  one  of  the  finest  characters  I  ever  carae  in  con- 
tact  with",  said <Mr.  Edison,^  "Not  only  was  he  a  fine  experimen- 
ter^but  lie  was  intellectually  lofty  and  absolutely  honest.  I 
wnyr  gyyYTrx‘  declare  that  all  these  qualities  made  hiia  one  of 

the  best  empirical  experimenters  I  ever  have  knovai,  and  he  was 
as  hard  working  as  he  was  able.  For  years  he  worked  eighteen 
hours  a  day. 

"During  the  last  few  years,  when  his  laboratory  was  behind 
Ms  wmlhouse,  thil  fact  eneabled  him  to  devote  moye  hours  than 
ever  to  experimentation  and  these  (hours  were  fruitful.  Among 
other  of  their  achievnents  was  the  discovery  of'  a  process  for 
the  making  of  Condensite,  -and-BTcbmpaH^novT  is  in  existence 
which  purposes-to "supply 'this  product  to  many  industries. 

"He  al  sc/ perfected  aM^coamercialized-'CIilorimteJiydro- 
carb'on  waxes . " 

Here  Mr.  Edisonsgave  an  interesting  sidelight  upon  tha 
character  of  this  great  the  mist  and  on  the.  characteristics  nec- 

c  essary  to  success many  sc ientif icNf ields . 

"Aylsworth  worked  with  me  for  years",  said  he,  "upon  the 


task  of  perfecting  my  alkaline  storage  battery.  There  are  so 
many  splendid  things  to  record  about  this  man  that  it  is  not 
unfair  to  state,  in  this  connection,  that  here  he  found  it  quite 
impossible  to  keep  on  with  the  job  because  of  the  continuous 
disappointments^  Perseverence  through  an  indefinite  period,,, 
marked  by  the  use  of  every  method  which  e®d4nac±ly  had  brought 


Wft.  success,  yet  without  the  slightest  sign  of  winning,  was  too 


much  for  him.  It  dashed  his  spiiiits  and  impaired  his  working 
capacity.  It  was  this  that  made  it  neccessary  for  him  to 
~'qui^\  But  he  didn’t  seek  a  task  involving  slighter  effort.  It 
was  not  hard  work  that  galled  him,  it  was  work  which  seemed  to 

Rafter  this  experience  1 

be  entirely  hopeless. 

took  up  and  carried  through  to  a  successful  conclusion  his 

experiments  with  Condensitefjln  consider!^  this  episode  it 

physical  strength 

must  .be  remembered,.. also,  that  Ayl'esworth's- stxasigfcbxassrmtazrz 
Mr.njBnr  never  great  enou^i,.to/force  his  body,  into  keeping  step 

with  his  alert,  ambitious-  mind1.  I-t-.wa3.  more..  his.  .nda±r  body  than 


which  balked  at. months  of  utterly  resultless  labor. 

- .  | .  ■  .  /  .  ) 

le  it  impossible  for  him  'to  take  my  point  of-  view  tha£/ 

when  a/chemical  e:g>|rimenter  getbywhere  there  ls_absol^tely  not 

the  slightest  hope  ^e-has  "struck  tliht  Bpot  at  whidythings  oxe 

ab s olutely  ”~sur e  to  happen. 

"if*  Like  all  men  who  delve  into  the  mysteries  of  chemis¬ 
try,  as  he  did,  he  met  withxxssdks  many  accidents,  chiefly  of 

m  Aylsowrth 

an  explosive  nature.  He  was  as  quiet  after  an  explosion  as  he 

was  before  onef^One  day,  after  one  of  those  episodes  to  which 

tAxu^ota/  ffu  ‘<t  (C#  K  t-L  \ 

'  experimenters  tire  subject,  poor  Ayleaworth  was  afc=3?  in  and  I 

was  pretty  well  bailed  up.  We  had  been  working  with  J 

Acrolin  and ,^4^“IHmd-onlT^ache^Tir“teB^“Bt^ ,  he  really 

had  had  a  close  call,  being  at  the  far  end  of  the  laboratory^ 

.wtefto  I  was  near  the  door  at  the  time  the  glycerine  cau^it  fire 

in  the  9c, a.  t  <» 

(X.O. U Nte-'T  1-fr im  i  aafttii..  “■‘■'t--® 

"  »I  got  hold  of  him  as  soon  as  I  oould^and,  out  in  the 

X&u-jz  A  A 

yaMrd,  we  kept  him  on  the  run  for  aAtlme.  E-trwas-a-close-coll 

jtfii  tciblCC"  t'-VjM 

for-him  but  he  took  it. as  quietly  as  if  it  had  been  on  everyday 

a  r  , 

occurrence.  i 

"He  seemed  to  be^entirely  free  from  all  objectionable 

characteristics  and\i^liad  as  many-actaiirable  ones  as  any  roan  I 

erer  knew!  He  was  not  'concieted,  he  was  not  jlealous,  he- was 

strictly  truthful.  He-Tras~^an.  His  was  a  sporadic  case  of 
\  'Qll 

entire  decency.  They  don’t  happen  very  often^He  left  behind 

a  lit  ;le  monty^but  not  much.  Such  a  man  never  can  hope  to  cope 
with  average,  latter-day  commercial  conditions.  But  if  he  left 
behind  him  but  a  little  money,  he  left  behind  him  a  great  for¬ 
tune  in  the  respect  and  admiration  of  his  fellow  men". 

He  was  one  of  Mr.  Edison’s  assistants  in  the  experiments 
which  led  to  the  perfection  of  the  Huoro  scope.  Almost  every 
possible  combination  of  available  chemicals  had  been  tried, 

each  being  kept  in  a  small,  fine-necked  bottle.  Finally  Zr. 
Edison  jumped  up  with  joy,  one  ’.’forked  so  well.  But  thai  came  a 
shock.  When  he  looked  closely  at  the  bottle  to  see  just,  what 
it  was  it  developed  that  the  label  had  been  last  too  much 

fyM  U  V  \  I  1X0 

blurretf^to  make  it  possible  to  read  it.  But  this  did  not 
phase  Aylsworth.  He  began  his  habitual  work  of  elimination  and 
soon  identified  the  contents  of  the  labelless  bottle." 

(  His  first  work  at  the  Edison  Laboratory  was  in  connection 

with  the  carbon  filament  for  electric  lamps.  At  that  time  bam¬ 

boo  was  being  used.  Mr.  ] 

t  Aylsworth  perfonued  for  Mr. 

Edison  many  of  the  experiments  leading  to  improved  carbonizo/- 

tion,  and,  later,  to  the  squirted  filament. 

He  then  begm^theaan^cts^egef  filaments,  working  for 

himsel't.  He  wab  much  amused  hy  t!ie  gossip  of  the  neighborhood 

AM- _ *— ’tvC ■  ■- . 

AwhitSh  saw  great  quantities  oL-mterial  go irg^te^the'd^ttle’-fnc- 

izovy  and  noted..tlmt  4As  daily  product  was  taken-fepea-it?  in  a 

smaM  basket. 

He\was\alsotconcemed  ’with  the  development  of  thdmolded 

phonographic  record.  Previously  singers  and  musicians  had 


The  molded  phonographic  record,  which  permits  the  reproduction 
for  an  i’  ndef inite  numbed-'  of  times,  of  the  first,  or  master 

record,  has  marked  a  great  advance. 

Ayls worth  frequently  had  much  quiet  fun  out  of  the  effect 

’  (l)  "  fa'tf 

of  scientific  mysteries  on  the  lay  mind.  7 when  tlie  fluoro scope 

•was  first  perfected  a  good  deal  of  amazement  was  expressed  at 

the  laboratory  when  a  key  was  shown  through  a  thick  Bible,  but 

presently  Aylsworth  produced  a  box,  and,  to  the  astonishment  of 

the  obserrers  who  applied  the  fluoroscope  to  it,  its  reTealed 

contents  -walked  about.  It  was  uncanny., 

what  it  was.  It  was  a  kitten,  but,  of  course,  nothing  but  its 

skeleton  was  risinle  thorough  the  fluoroscope. 

V(h- %l'iu 
^principle  achieTraents/of  this  expert  inrestiga^ 

iltappitch-  isyoae-ef-tke  mater¬ 
ials  used  for  the  procfuctitn  of  the-Bdison  plpiographie-  record^ 

tr  /  *  /  .  . /  .  64*0  y  j  /■■"■/ 

asxHihi-oh  is  extensiYely.used  in  electric  insulation;  especially 

7  /  •  a  /  i  / 

0  n-> large  transformers,  -where  it  has  proTed  to  be  thdmost  per¬ 
fect  of-fcastdieWsg-aa*^  1  v" 

In  his  youth  the  marrels  of  the  chemist's  art  inroressed 

tor  viaa-ths^par-fection-of -Gone 

'  I  J 

(.1.  -P^v.  +".->0  AvwQnrvk-iAn  , 

U>/*u»  iU  a  ffi-H.,  t(S-  £'//<- 


qaa  rery  greatly.  One  day^he  ran  across  a  certain  material 
which  would  turn  black  under  gas.  He  figured  out  a  means  by 

which  tliis  property  could  he  used  in  tha^pe^e-Haasae  of  a  stage 

^«/y  L  f/f 

trick  which  he  felt  waaaraura=to  mystify  the  public.  The  magic¬ 
ian,  exhibiting  to  the  audience  a  perfec  tly  white  man  or  boy, 
would  be  able,  he  assumed,  to  qare  a  wand  and  apparently  make 
the  white  man  turn  into  a  negro.  The  wand,  of  course,  would 


really  be  a  pipe  from  which  the  gas  wag*. emitted  and  blown  a 

J  Jiylsworth 

•Hie  prepared  sldn  surface. 

He  made  an  appointment,  with  Herman,  the  magician,  and 

-v..m  ■'-<* 

started  to  keep  it. with  a  hag,  containii^^ulphuretted  hydrogen,,. 

beneath-Ma-aim.  Thehag  was  not  quite  tight  andtn  the  way  he 

iuy  x-tuX.tM.«J W-uuJ  d « <  ?  ^  h 

S^aek,  to  the  immense  distress  of  fellow  travellers^  who  left 

his  neighborhood  wheneer  they  could  do  so.,  and  as  quickly  as 

they  could. 

It  was  arranged  before  hand  that  his  companion  (Mr.  Meadow- 
'$*1*  I'  fH*d  i Uu  ^LHl<i  «-r  t  % 

.croft,  of  the  Edison  forces)  was  to  rub  the  preparation  on 

his  hand,  after  they  had  come  into  the.resance  of  the  great 

magician  and  were 
once  would  turn  c 
lighted  and  the 

ready  for  the  demonstration.  The  hand  at 

VUiA‘\d* 4 

:oal  black,  Herman  Y/ould  be  amazed  and  de- 
fortunes  of  both  aspiring  geniuses^  would  be  ‘  ’ 


It  dicLt  work  out  ve£y  -wSi,  however,  for  the  bag,  whan 
pressed,  temedifitsiy  burst^and  filled  tlie  theatre  with  anfl  inr 
describably  Tile  odor  which  every  effort  could  not  ge-t-entirely. 
out-  oi^hsrttorture  before  the  evening  performance^  Q 

Aylsworth  immediately  disappeared.^  fan  M-s-companion, 
getting- to-the-  street  at  a  speed  a  little -less 'than- his,-  looked- 
about  for  -him-  he  could  not  -  find  him.  Angry ^ the  discomfited 

as s i  s  t  anaC* at-tiie_graat-transf o rmat ion-tr  i ck  started  for  the 
ferry.  Presently  he  saw  a  figure  sitting  wetiS*  on  a  curbstone, 
laughing  w43^y.  It  waB  Aylsworth. 




October,  1915 

NET  SALES  of  the 

“CHRONICLE"  alone 

900,000  DAILY 


Sales  of  ALL  the  LONDON 








Commercial,  &c.  .  .  $140 

Same  Space,  less  Net 
Sales  in  Morning  Papers 
referred  to,  costs  you  .  $880 
$680 or  $560  in  the  three 

'lOW  • 

illit  irt  !v.„  xvA 
,llr. ~  :::  tr.3  ijiornin- 
•••  .tior  V:  :n 

nine  or  els’.,  /.M 

Memorandum  from  George 

French,  New  York.  Sheet  No. 

Gian  Ridge,  H.  J. 
July  17,  1916 

Dear  Ur.  Edison 

Ky  friend,  the  editor  of  The  Designer,  i3  having  prepared  inter¬ 
views  with  a  number  of  notable  men,  such  as  Ur.  Vail,  Ur.  Yanderlip, 
touching  upon  the  problems  of  the  young. 

The  Designer  is  one  of  the  Butterick  journals  with  an  enormous 
circulation,  growing  more  and  more  enormous  all  the  time.  The  editor 
wishes  to  interest  men  in  it. 

I  have  written  something  which  I  wish  you  would  read,  and  if  I 
have  sensed  your  ideaB  rightly  authorize  me  to  send  it  in  for  pub¬ 
lication.  Make  such  changes  as  you  desire.  Or  if  it  is  not  to  your 
liking,  let  me  know  that. 

I  hope  you  will  indulge  us  in  this;  and  I  am 

Webster  Building,  CHICAGO 

Sept.  7,  1916 

3ept.  7,  mib. 


Chorea  a  Edison  laboratory,/  V  /  • 

Orange,  II.  J.  /  *  fy 

.  I 

|  — ~ - 

Attention  -  Superintendent.  /■ 

Chere  has  been!  brought  to  our  attention  ) 

/  recently  several  press  abtloeg-concerning  a  new  / 

'  and  late  invention  under  the  direction  of  Choreas  f 

Edison  for  a  substitute  for  gp'sblilfe- t_o  cost  ^ 
^^approximately  5 5!  per  gallon.11  '  V  '  A  V  ^ 

1  would  appreciate  your  furnishing  me 
an  authentic  report  to  the  same  which  might 
afford  our  publishing  in  verbatim  in  our  October 
issue  and  special  convention  issue  of  the  Oil 

Chanicing  you  for  any  news  that  you  may 
give  me,  and  trusting  that  I  may  have  the  pleasure 
of  an  early  reply,  we  are 

ssistant  Hews 

September  18th. 191G 

Press  Illustrating  Service,  Inc., 

142  V.cot  f,Sr<3  Gtroot, 

he’.’;  fork  City. 

Pentloncai:  ■  ,  . 

lour  favor  of  the  14th  instant  has  been  received . 
;r»  SCison  hues’  one  to  i.aehingjion  this  afternoon- to  .attend 

a  meeting  of  .the  ».ava}  consulting  Board,  and  wishes  us  to  cay 
that  after  his  return  he  will  give  your  photographer,  a  few 
•r.inutos  as  requested*  Ss:  thinks  it  would  be  v.ell  now  to 
leave  it  until  next  wee.'. .  . 

ht  tho  beginning  of  next  week,  you  might  communicate 

with  me. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  lir .  hdiluon. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison 


Chicago,  Sept.  14,  1916. 

Orange,  W.J. 
Dear  sir;  - 

-  < 

,p««  wrfcwro  y***~~\ 

Lm.  (—  ~  ,, 

«.  Vtr  •*  a— 

I  have  been  ashet^t^ppn^ihute  aij,  ayticlef  foJ^  a  musical 

aD^o^'tl)  contribute  an,  article  .  “  » 
puhlioation  with  refMenoe  to jhonogra^  je^or4|  for  the  jiolinj  ^ 
the  first  experiments  aria  lata  pertaining  thereto-. 

Us  a  resident  violin  soloist  ij^Soston  some  SO  years  ago, 

I  played  into  a  phonograf  at  the  reprint  of  your  agent  -  Mr. 
Wangemann  -  and  the' music  I  play^wasjpant.  of  the  unaccompanied 
Chaconne  hy.  Baoju .  It  was  intended  that  the  record  should  he 
reproduced  at  the  World’s  Exhibition  in  Paris  and  also  he 
brought  to  Germany  for  Bismarck's  attention  -  so  the  agent  told 
me.  I  don't  recall- that- this  was  ever  done,but  as  the  first 
phonograf  trial*' (for  the.  violin)  is  of  importance  in  my  article 
I  should  greatly  appreciate  any  details  as  officially  reoorded 
by  you  on  this  subject. 

With  every  assurance  of  my  highest  esteem,  I  am 
Yours  sincerely  - 

611  Puller tom  Parkway,  -  Chicago,  Ill. 

Sept.  29,  1916 

Hr.  Thoms  Edison,  ■ 

Orange ,  N.J. 


If  you  had  only  forty-eight  hoars  more  to  live, 
how  would  you  spend  them!? 

The  Illustrated  Sunday  Magazine  £a~-  asking  a 
few  prominent  persons  to  answer  that  question  for  their 
two  and  a  half  million  readers. 

We  should  he  delighted  to  have  yon  answer 
this  In  any  mood  you  desire—  humorous,  serious  or  gay. 

Very  truly  yours. 



We  have  at  hand  your  letter  of  September  26' 
and  note  that  you  etate  that  the  Harvester  Co.'s  truck  L 
was  used  for  the  first  two  days  of  the  trip  only,  and  the 
White  truck  was  used  thereafter. 

The  photograph  which  wehave  at  hand  appears  X1 
to  he  a  Krebs  motor  truck.  Was  any  KrehsTruCk  used? 

We  had  no  knowledge  that  a  White  truck  was  used,  and  would  ^ 
be  pleased  therefore  if  you  could  furnish  us  with  any  V  vv 
information,  clipping  or  other  data  which  would  tell  us  A 
something  about  the  part  which  the  trucks  played  in  \ 

the  trip,  including  what  work  they  did,  where  they  ran, 
what  they  carried,  and  in  short  a  brief  summary  of  the 

Yours  very  truly. 




The  following  inauiry  has  been  referred  to  the  “ Answers  Column  of 



If  you  can  furnish  this  information,  I  shall  appreciate  it  oery  much. 

Gratefully  yours,  J 

Editor,  "Answers.” 

The  New  West  Magazine 



October  9,  1916 

Thomas  A.  Edison 
East  Orange,  New  Jersey 



V-  • 

Dear  Sir:  cooperation  with  the  Snciety  for  Electrical  Development 

we  are  issuing  a  special  number  of  The  New  West  Magazine  announcing  ^ 
the  event  in  the  West--officially . 

V/e  are  sending  a  litter  eimilar  to  the  attached  carbon  to 
the  presidents  of  eleven  state  federations  of  women  s  clutrff;  o 
president  of  the  eneral  Federation  of  Women's  clubs,  ana  to  the 
governors  of  the  eleven  western  states,  asking  thiir  endorsement  of 
the  Week. 

You  will  note  in  the  latter  part  of  the  letter  to  the  club 
women  we  are  asking  them  "to  honor  Edison  in  some  way  for  his 

Inasmuch  as  several  thousand  of  the  club  women  visited  your 
home  last  Spring  during  the  Biennial,  and  as  this  magazirie-~is  the 
W^st_ern8e3cponeht~Of-the  club-women ,  we  ^r^^d^^e^dteal^eof 

of  the  country. 

If  vou  care  to  say  a  few  words  to  them,  we  will  be  very 
glad  to  publish  your  message— and  it  will  be  most tricll^IeM1” 
Irousing  them  to  the  observance  of  America's  Electrical  Week. 

Vie  are  sending  you  a  copy  of  The  New  West  Magazine  for 
December,  1915,  which  quotes  you  on  page  36,  also  a  recent  number  o 
the  magazine  .  Very 

'Trua . 

Editor  Western  Club  Woman  Department 

The  New  West  Magazine 


October  V,  1/10 

President  Abl-vo" 

■  illcox,  Arizona 

" America's  Electrical  'eck"  v/i.ll  be  observed 
2  to  1,  and  it  will  bo  undoubtedly  tiie  biggest  national  event 
kind  ever  held.  the  move-tent  started  last  year  v;itl:  ••  .leetri< 
perity  Week"  and  yon  v/ill  remember  how  widespread  that  sus.  i 
ileon  wrote  a  letter  of  endorsement,  while  '.elisor.,  -teiamotz 
leadora  in  tho  electrical  industry  are  devoting  their  energies 
ing  thin  annual  ov ont  a  big  success. 

;c  ember 

The  -iocioty  for  Electrical  Development,  with  headquarters  at  s:ew 
York,  in  directing  the  celebration,  and  it  has  arranged  with  five  national 
magazines  to  issue  opocial  editions  announcing  the  Week.  these  publi¬ 
cations  are:  Collier's,  Leslie's,  Scientific  American,  .icribnor'o  and 
the  iiew  ~eat  "agazine. 

the  first  four  are  Kew  iork  publics' ions,  leaving  the  now  '-eat 
Magazine  alone  in  the  western  field. 

The  '.astern  journals  will  issue  their  special  numbers  jur.t  prior 
to  the  week  of  the  celebration,  while  the  Mow  West  Vagazino  will  make 
the  announcement  in  the  Vioveraber  number,  which  7/ill  appear  about  three 
weeks  before  the  event.  This  puts  no  liov/  test  rfagazino  TI:'.  in  the 
field,  so  that  tho  'test  will  have  the  honor  of  making  tin;  IT.  t  offi¬ 
cial  announcement. 

Ao  tho  '.Vest  is  tho  no  ie  of  big  elootrieal  development- -tho  country 
whore  the  hid  things  are  done— we  want  to  make  this  number  truly  repre¬ 
sentative  and  .a  credit  to  the  '.Vest. 

the  Society  for  Electrical  -Development  has  given  Vne  hew  '..'out  ; mag¬ 
azine  the  privilege  of  reproducing  tho  "1,000  prize  poster  in  colors 
on  the  front  cover,  while  the  articles,  stories  and  illustrations  will 
be  In  goly  on  things  electrical. 

v.'e  arc  asking  the  presidents  of  tho  state  federations  of  women's 
clubs  west  of  the  Hocky  mountains  to  send  ue  a  letter  voicing  thir  ap¬ 
proval  of  America's  Electrical  Week.  lira.  Josiah  Evans  Gowlcs,  presi¬ 
dent  of  the  General  federation  of  vvoinen'u  Clubs,  1b  also  askea  to  give 
her  endorsement,  the  governors  of  these  eleven  states  are  asked  to 
give  their  oflfioial  recognition,  Those  letters,  with  pictures  of  the 
writers,  will  be  published  in  the  November  number  of  Tho  hew  '.Vest 

Will  you  send  ub  a  letter  along  these  lines,  mailing  it  not 
later  than  October  15.  Also  send  a  photograph  of  yourself. 


Urn .  HA'.'organ- 


V/e  have  asked  the  Liociety  for  Electrical  Development  to  send 
vou  the  "Story  of  the  Week,"  which  telle  about  Electrical  Prosperity 
v/eek  last  year,  and  also  contains  President  Wilson's  letter  oi  en¬ 
dorsement  , 

V/ in  you  aBk  your  clubs  to  include  some  observance  of  the 
Week  in  their  program  on  the  dates  mentioned?  Ask  them  to  honor 
Edison  in  some  way  for  his  electrical  inventions. 

V/e  are  sending  you  under  separate  cover  a  copy  of  the  Decem¬ 
ber  number  of  The  New  Vest  Magazine,  which  tells  about  Electrical 
Prosperity  V/e ok  last  year.  Your  especial  attention  is  called  to 
page  36  where  Edison  is  quoted. 

Por  the  club  progra  1  it  is  suggested  that  they  might  have  a 
talk  on  electricity  by  the  manager  of  the  local  power  company,  tell¬ 
ing  what  electricity  has  done  for  tile  farm  and  home,  electric 
luncheons,  electric  dinners  and  electric  dances  may  also  be  featured. 

e  will  also  appreciate  the  favor  if  you  will  send  v 
of  your  year  book  for  our  files. 

Thanking  you  for  your  cooperation,  I  am 


l  •  V, 





October  12,*  1916. 


ubtvi  ,ou  *rmdeCS&\  the  govern-C, 

liy  dear  Ur.  Edison: 

ITo  doubtVyou  ar£sftEware' that  the  govern-^ 
ment  service  in  Washington  is  clogged  with  a  large  number?5'' 
of  superannuated  employes  who  are  really  unable  to  do  ef¬ 
ficient  work  and  are  holding  their  positions  through  poA^ 
litical  influence  or  through  the  kindness  of  their  superior 
officers.  The  time  has  arrived  when  something  must  be 
done  toulfdviate  this  condition,  as  the  employing  officers 
are  unable  to  obtain  satisfactory  results  with  this  "dead 
wood"  on  their  hands. 

Since  the  argument  has  been  used  by  con¬ 
gressmen  that  the  folks  "back  home"  are  opposed  to  any  re¬ 
tirement  measure  effecting  government  eraployos,  may  I  ask 
you  to  state  in  writing  your  opinion  on  this  subject.  I 
have  already  heard  from  a  large  number  of  prominont  men 
throughout  the  country,  and  without  exception,  they  agree 
that  it  would  be  an  economic  proposition  for  the  government 
to  put  these  aged  employes  on  a  small  service  annuity  - 
simply  enough  to  keep  the  wolf  from  the  door. 

I  shall  anticipate  the  pleasure  of  an 
early  reply  from  you  on  this  subject. 

Yours  very  truly, 

October  IS,  1016. 

Ur.'  Charles  V>.  Price,  President, 

Electrical  Review  and  Y/ostorn  Electrician, 
10  Park  Bow,  lien  York  City. 

!,ly  dear  Ur.  Price: 

In  accordance  with  our  telephone  con¬ 
versation  this  norain.-,  I  am  onclosijig  you  a  briof  inter¬ 
view  with  iir.  Edison,  which  I  trust  will  he  satisfactory 
for  your  purpose. 

tilth  kindest  regards,  I  remain , 

Yours  very  truly. 


A  representative  of  the  Electrical  Keview  and  Western 
Electrician  called  on  ac.  Edison  a  few  days  ago  at  Orange  and 
was  ushered  into  his  Chemical  laboratory  whore  he  found  him 
busily  engaged  in  the  manipulation  of  various  chemical  ezporiments, . 
Mr.  Edison  looked  hale  and  hearty  and  was  moving  about  in  the 
alertness  of  a  young  man. 

After  a  cordial  greeting  Mr.  Edison  extended  a  dye- 
stainod  hand  to  the  visitor,  who  Qfferod  his  congratulations^ 
on  the  forthcoming  thirty-oovonth  Anniversary  of  the  °£_.n,,n 

tho  Incandoscent  lamp,  and  asked  him  if  ho  found  any  time  nowadays 
to  work  on  lamps,  "ilo ,  said  Mr.  Edison,  I  an  a  Chemist  now. 

Ever  sinoo  the^eg inning  of  the  War,  1  havo  been  trying  to  holp 
out  American  industries  ky  furnishing  some  chemicals  that  wore 
badly  noodod  hy  tho  country,  and  my  ton  Chemical  plants,  togc^uei 
with  tho  chemistry  and  technique  of  the  Disc  Ehonograpli  plant 
and  a  fow  other  things  keep  mo  protty  hucy.  Shat  does  not  pro- 
vont  mo  from  keeping  track  of  the  growth  of  the  incandoocant 
lamp  business ,  which  through  tho  energies  of  tho  hunch  of  livo- 
.  wlros  connected  with  it  has  grown  to  bo  simply  marvelous 

I3r.  Edison  was  asked  what  further,  d ovolopneA^ib® 
could  foroseo  in  tho  incandeocont  lamp.  Ho  replied  '  Eh-',  .a 
too  hard  hard  a  nut  for  me  to  orack  off-hand,  but  I"  .  ohinii 
the  ond  of  this  development  is  in  sight  yet,  and  x  would  not 
he  surprised  to  see  a  hundred  Or  more  standard  lamps  to  tne 
Horse-power'  brought  out  yet” * 

She  visitor  expressed  tho  hope  that  Mr.  Edison  would 
soe  many  more  Anniversaries  of  October  21st,  to  which  he  replied, 
"I  am  ospocting  to  see  fiftoen  or  twenty  more  at  any  r&u0*  and 
fcope  a  lot  of  the-  'old  hoys’  will  trail  along.  Give  them  my 
good  wishes". 

The  New  West  Magazine 



dm,  SALT  LAKE  CITY,  UTAH  in  tho 

October  18,  1916 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edisor 
Orange,  New  Jersey 

Attached  is  copy  o£  the  resolution  passed  last  week  by 
the  Idaho  State  Federation  of  Women  s  clubs,  in  re  America  s 
Electrical  Week,  in  which  your  name  is  especially  mentioned. 

The  same  resolution  will  be  introduced  this  week  at  the 
Utah  Federation  meeting. 

We  aie  also  enclosing  proof  of  the  November  cover  of  The 
New  West  Magazine. 

Would  also  call  your  attention  to  our  letter  of  October  9, 
in  which  we  asked  for  a  picture  of  Mrs.  Hison  and  your  home  for 
publication  in  this  number,  together  with  a  few  words  of  greeting 
from  you  to  the  club  women  of  the  West .  If  you  have  not  already 
ldoked  after  this,  will  you  do  so  as  early  as  possible.  We  must 
go  to  press  in  October. 

It  may  interest  you  further  to  know  that  the  Idaho  Federation 
met  in  Bert  PerrinA's  home  town.  Twin  Falls. 


Idaho  Club  Women  Endorse  America's  Electrical  W&ek 

At  the  sixth  biennial  meeting  of  the  Idaho  State  Federation 
of  Women's  Clubs  held  at  Twin  Falls  October  10th  to  14th,  the 
following  resolution  was  unanimously  adopted: 


Be  it  resolved:  That,  Whereas,  a  nation-wide  celebration 
of  America's  Electrical  Week  haB  been  set  for  December  2  to  9, 

1916,  in  whioh  all  the  people  of  the  United  States  are  asked  to 
participate,  and 

Whereas,  Electricity  is  bettering  life  j 
ities  by  reducing  toil,  thereby  raising  men  am 
sphere  of  activity,  and 

Whereas,  the  West  is  the  home  of  big  electrical  development— 
where  the  greatest  progress  has  been  made,  and 

Whereas,  Electricity  has  done  so  much  to  lighten  the  labor  of 
women,  now,  therefore 

BE  IT  RESOLVED,  that  we,  the  Idaho  State  Federation  of 
Women's  Clubs,  in  convention  assembled,  do  hereby  set  aside  the 
week  of  December  2  to  9,  1916,  for  the  observance  in  some  manner 
of  America's  Electrical  Week,  and  we  urge  upon  the  members  of  the 
Federation  that  they  participate  by  so  arranging  theirolubpro- 
grams  that  week  to  include  Electricity  as  one  of  the  subjects  to 
be  considered,  and  pay  tribute  to  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

The  Idaho  State  Federation  of  Women's  Clubs  has  a  membership 
of  75  clubB  with  a  total  of  about  6,000  members. 



October  20th,  1916. 

c—£"'  ■;o"c-' 

W £^<  :f'V 

Mr.  Moore, 
o/o  Edison  Co., 

Vfest  Orange,  N.  J. 

Ity  dear  Mr.  Moore:-  ^  ^  ^ _ 

ym,  .yin  no  doubt  be  surprised  to  hear  from  me,  but ^our 
pleasant  °f 

so  interesting,  I  ■*»“«*«“!*  ^  z  ^Tvery  much  interested 

producing.  Jr-'Y  ^  ^  L  '  % 

I  wonder  if  you'iould  help  me  to  get  an  ^arview  wlth  ^ 

“"•Si  A*  *££  age  ‘ZSfZSk  “o^vft^honor  of  ^ 
wonderful  men  of  the  age.  and  Interview 

a  personal  interview  ^hta.  No^that  I*  ^  ^  ^ 
for  publication,  butmeraly  ^  ^  the  talking  machine  and 

of  the  workings  of  his  new  “rin®  to  your  attention  the 



I  am  sending  you  under  separate  oover  a  copy  of  tha 

iesuaa°of  our  paper. 

Awaiting  your  favor,  I  remain. 





Points  in  the  Handling  of  Talking  Machines 

No  Advantage  in  Cutting  Prices — Effect  of  Manufacturers’  Restrictions  on  Retail  Selling 
—Important  Facts  to  Consider  in  the  Choice  of  Machines— Weigh  Their  Merits  Carefully 

The  talking-machine  business  is  still 
young — so  young  that  it  has  not  yet  out¬ 
lived  the  age  of  “growing  pains.” 

Hence,  there  are  opportunities  for  big 
sales  and  profits  for  the  dealer,  just  as 
there  always  are  in  any  new  and  thriving 

Of  course,  there  is  more  risk  in  the 
business  than  in  one  that  has  reached  the 
staple  stage,  and  more  thought  must  be 
given  to  the  department  now  than  may  be 
necessary  later.  But  the  opportunities  of¬ 
fered  are  so  great  that  the  risk  and  effort 
are  well  worth  while. 

One  of  the  “growing  pains”  of  the  talk¬ 
ing-machine  business  is  the  question 
whether  or  not  the  retailer  shall  adhere 
to  the  retail  price  fixed  bv  the  manufac- 

Don’t  Cut  Prices 

For  the  present,  at  least,  there  seems 
to  be  no  sound  reason  for  price  cutting. 
The  talking  machine  is  an  easy-payment 
rather  than  a  cash  business.  The  people 
who  buy  these  machines  seldom  want  to 
pay  down  $50  or  $100.  Even  people  with 
ample  bank  accounts  buy  more  readily  on 
the  partial-payment  plan. 

It  has  been  amply  demonstrated  that 
when  the  customer  is  not  paying  cash  for 
an  article  the  question  of  price  becomes  of 
secondary  importance.  The  so-much-a- 
month  idea  looks  so  easy  that  Mrs.  Jones, 
who  would  hesitate  to  pay  $25  in  cash  for 
a  talking  machine,  readily  agrees  to  pay 
$100  on  the  so-much-down-and-so-much-a- 
month  basis. 

An  “Easy  Payment”  Industry 

The  only  reason  for  a  retailer’s  consid¬ 
ering  the  selling  of  machines  at  less  than 
the  manufacturer’s  fixed  price  would  seem 
to  be  his  desire  to  sell  on  a  cash  basis.  And 
up  to  date  selling  for  cash  ha3  not  been 
attended  with  any  great  degree  of  satis¬ 
faction  to  the  retailers  who  have  made  the 
experiment.  Most  cash-store  owners,  in¬ 
deed,  have  experienced  difficulties  and  met 
with  unsatisfactory  results  in  trying  to 
sell  for  cash  some  line  of  merchandise 

Editor’s  Noth— This  is  the  third  in  our  scries 

outtalk!  Further  dUeussioll  of  "the"  subject  will 
be  presented  in  on  enrly  issue. 

which  has  become  established  as  “install¬ 
ment  goods.” 

Contract  Restrictions 

All  these  facts  are  more  fully  realized, 
perhaps,  by  the  older  talking-machine 
manufacturers  than  they  are  by  some  re¬ 
tailers.  And  in  the  endeavor  to  protect 
their  own  interests,  as  well  as  those  of 
the  retailer,  some  of  these  i  f  t  i 
have  gradually  developed  sales  contracts 
which  arc  “fearful  and  wonderful  to  be¬ 
hold.”  Another  evidence  of  “growing 
pains.”  No  industry  which  was  not  busy 
getting  its  growth  could  or  would  be  sewn 
up  in  such  contracts. 

These  contracts  are  one  of  the  “haz¬ 
ards”  of  the  business,  to  borrow  a  golfing 
term.  Although  probably  drawn  up  origi- 
naily  for  the  purpose  ot  maintaining 
prices,  they  also  contain  clauses  which  ap¬ 
peal  strongly  to  the  manulacturers  because 
they  afford  convenient  forms  of  protection 
against  competition. 

For  example,  one  such  contract  pro¬ 
vides  that  no  record  except  that  made  un¬ 
der  certain  patents  may  be  demonstrated 
on  that  company’s  talking  machines;  also 
that  the  retailer  cannot  sell  this  particu¬ 
lar  talking  machine;  all  he  can  dispose  of 
is :  a  license  to  the  consumer  to  use  it  for 
playing  the  kind  of  records  stipulated. 
This  practically  means  the  company’s  own 

An  Odd  Situation 

Of  course,  under  such  conditions  no 
purchaser  can  insure  the  machine  he 
thinks  he  owns!  How’s  that  for  “growing 
pains”  in  an  industry? 

Such  conditions  will  right  themselves 
soon  enough.  In  the  meantime,  the  dealer 
must  take  them  into  his  calculations  in 
starting  or  expanding  his  talkng-machine 

There  are  two  courses  open  to  him :  1, 
to  tie  up  with  the  older  machine  and  rec¬ 
ord  manufacturer;  2,  to  select  machines 
in  the  open  market  and  handle  them  in  his 

Each  course  has  its  advantages  and 
disadvantages,  and  the  merchant  must  de¬ 
cide  for  himself  which  best  fits  in  with  his 
general  business  plans.  Consider  each 
case  in  order. 

The  advantages  of  handling  the  older 
makes  of  machines  are  that  the  reputa¬ 
tion  of  tlie  goods  is  established  and  the 
merchant  is  assured  of  a  profit  from  the 
sales  of  records,  as  well  as  of  machines. 
This  latter  is  an  important  item. 

The  disadvantages  are:  that,  in  many 
cases,  the  retailer  now  entering  the  field 
will  find  competing  stores  already  handling 
such  machines;  that  the  wide  distribution 
of  the  goods  supplies  numerous  competi¬ 
tors;  and  that  the  retailer  is  practically 
barred  from  featuring  any  other  make  of 
machine  or  records  in  his  talking-machine 

Advantages  and  Restrictions 

The  advantages  of  featuring  the  newer 
makes  of  machines  are  that  almost  with¬ 
out  exception  these  are  made  with  attach¬ 
ments  which  enable  the  owner  to  play  any 
type  of  record,  that  the  dealer  is  free  to 
buy  machines  as  he  buys  ids',  other  mer¬ 
chandise  (without  restricting  contracts), 
and  that  he  may  demonstrate  and  sell  any 
records  he  chooses  to  buy. 

The  disadvantages  are  that  the  newer 
makes  have  not  yet  had  the  opportunity 
to  establish  a  national  reputation,  and  the 
difficulties  encountered  in  establishing  a 
record  department  on  a  satisfactory  ba¬ 
in  our  issue  of  July  15  last  we  ex¬ 
plained  something  of  the  record  situation. 
It  can  be  briefly  summed  up  in  the  state¬ 
ment  that  although  there  are  several  inde¬ 
pendent  record  manufacturers  in  the  field, 
and  more  entering  it,,  the  vast  bulk  of  all 
talking-machine  records  are  still  being 
made  by  manufacturers  who  also  make 
talking  machines.  Moreover,  these  manu¬ 
facturers,  very  naturally,  are  endeavoring, 
with  considerable  success,  to  restrict  the 
selling  of  their  records  to  those  retailers 
who  also  sell  their  machines. 

It  is  not  the  province  of  the  ECONOMIST 
to  decide  for  the  retailer  which  course  of¬ 
fers  the  greater  advantages.  But  it  is  our 
province  to  warn  the  merchant  that  he 
ought  to  weigh  carefully  the  merits  of  the 
machines  he  selects,  and  that  he  should 
avoid  collecting  a  few  machines  of  each 
make  and  thus  making  a  junk  shop  of  his 
talking-machine  department,  as  many  mer¬ 
chants  did  of  their  vacuum-cleaner  section 
a  few  years  ago. 

Collection  Corps  Turned  Into  Selling  Force 

When  Talking  Machine  Customers  Resent  Collector’s  Call  Ingenious  Retailer  Develops 
New  Method  of  Approach — Jacks  Up  Delinquents  and  Sells  Machines  and  Records 

I'he  system  we  started  for  the  fol- 
;  up  of  delinquents  has  become  one 
most  valuable  adjuncts  of  our  sales 
ition  work,”  recently  remarked  the 
g-mnchine  buyer  of  an  Eastern  store 
Economist  staff  member. 

/hen  the  war  broke  out,”  lie  contin- 
our  collections  slowed  up  to  such  an 
;  that  we  considered  it  necessary  to 
■  up  the  delinquents  by  personal  calls 
11  as  by  loiters. 

soon  developed  that  many  women  were  so 
pleased  with  the  visit  and  the  opportunity 
to  hear  the  now  records  that  our  service 
women  found  it  an  easy  matter  to  take 
orders  for  one,  two,  and  in  some  cases  a 
dozen  records  in  almost  every  home  they 

“But  what  about  credit?”  the  Econo¬ 
mist  man  asked.  “You  started  this  plan 
to  jack  up  delinquents,  didn’t  you?” 

Helped  Collection  Showing 

any  case  where  one  of  our  much 
needs  attention,  and  the  extra  rc 
developed  by  our  ‘service  cor; 
mighty  nice  profit  above  all  cj 
the  plan. 

Exchanging  Cheap  Mach 

“As  this  service  work  devel 
tinucd  the  buyer,  “it  is  leading 
of  machines  as  well  as  of  reel 
instance,  one  of  our  women  m 

intc,l  from  tile  Dry  Goods  Economist  of  September  2,  1916.  (Copyright  by  the  Dry  Goods  Economi 

How  to  Handle  Talking  Machine  Repairs 

What  Dealers  Should  and  Should  Not  Expect  of  Manufacturers— Importance  of 
Instructing  Consumers  in  the  Right  Use  of  Machines 

The  piece  of  mechanism  that  will  not  lies,  the  sound  box  and  the  motor.  Of  powerful  «  an  tie  0  e  J  ^heMtaps 
te  instance!1  The* Mto^Wte°^  ad^stments.  bu^t  also  that  he  ^ty  be  cer.  above,  the  minor 

rs2KttiS=ss,y1»aa:  Mte&ssurs: 

nutonwHo.0 iSSVSS’iS.T’aJSS  “'tZZ  SSSSS  'T;. 

though  durable  piece  of  mechanism,  and  Moreover,  he  will  do  well  to  have  his  of  the  m„in. 

may  at  times  be  put  completely  out  of  com-  snlesforce  present  white 1  it  s  being  ex-  0CCUrance,  be- 

w„„,  0,  —  *h.  ««'«"«  7"» 

S.™  yeiira .«»,  to,  .«»„*,  „l,cn  th.  »1  Urn  n,  mind  to ...»  .Iter  ■»"'"£  PJ*  « W^TSStoTbSto it '  u 
big  talking  machine  companies  began  to  The  reason  for  having  the  entire  force  brittle.  When  a  mams  s 
export  their  products  to  South  America,  present  is  that  they  need the ^  knowledge  ^tterjo^have^t 

brittle.  When  a  mainspring  breaks  it  is 

«poJT^r,,|^^l!I,&ii5i  America]  pres'ent  Vs  that  they  nee'd  the  knowledge  better  to  have  *  replaced  by  the  mum- 
they  e,  0  teiel  co  lerable  trouble,  if  they  arc  to  handle  machines  properly, 
machines  being  returned  with  which  there  and  need  it,  also  as  part  of  their  selling 

was  little  or  nothing  the  matter.  Some  argument.  *  ' 

dealer  — in  Buenos  Aires,  let  us  say—  Tell  the  Consumer  Return  the  Motor  Only 

would  return  tile  machine  to  New  York  be-  ....  .  .  .  .,  It  is  not  necessary,  however,  to  return 

cause  a  governor  spring,  2  in.  long  and  Obviously,  it  is  important  in  the  re-  ^  cntire  macbine  to  the  factory.  Only 
weighing  a  fraction  of  an  ounce,  had  tailing  of  such  a  mechanism  as  a  talk  g  ^  motor  nced  be  scnt  back.  With  prac- 
broken.  The  dealer  did  not  know  what  it  machine  that  the  consumer  be  .  present  makes  of  talking  ma- 

was  that  caused  the  trouble  so  he  sent  derstand  that  he  is  not  buying  a  fool-proof  tica  y  ^  yery  ^  be  de. 

back  the  whole  machine,  weighing  per-  chunk  of  wood  and  iron,  but  a  machine  del-  ’  instcad  „f  returning  a 

haps  100  lb.,  at  considerable  transporta-  icate  enough  to  reproduce  wit h«d«M  “  Z  7fi’ne  cabinet  work,  which 

tion  cost  and  at  the  risk  of  serious  damage  accuracy  vibrations  of  the  human  vo  ce-  in  transit,  all  that  the 

in  the  course  of  the  trip.  The  consumer  should  be  shown  that  such  a  neecls  £  scnd  back  is  a  small  box 

machine  must,  of  necessity,  be  handled  .  .  f ramie  steel  motor. 

Some  Dealers  Thoughtless  with  care  if  it  .  is  to  continue  to  do  good  containing  the  tg 

innvonQo  in  interest  in  work.  The  retail  salesman,  therefore.  Follow  Up  Customers 

With  the  b  g  lifter  closing  a  sale,  should  invariably  in-  . 

talking  machines  on  the  pait  of  the  deal-  ^  customer  as  to  taking  carc  oE  Tbe  necessity  for  occasionally  making 

ers— particularly  depaitment  stoics  in-  e  macb|ne  slight  adjustments  of  any  talking  ma- 

stances  of  more  or  less  similar  character  the"^uld  show  where  the  motol.  is  chine  emphasises  the  value  of  the  system 
are  becoming  quite  common  in  the  domes-  oiled  and  how  the  SOUnd-box  should  be  of  following  up  of  customers  outlined  in 
he  trade.  W< e  could I  cite i  ofll hai  d  a  numbei  ban(]lcd  He  should  then  explain  the  one  the  Economist  of  Aug.  19.  In  that  article 
of  instances  of  machines,  which  merely  ^  twQ  minor  adjustments  that  are  likely  we  spoke  primarily  of  the  value  of  such 
needed  some  shght  adjustment  being  re-  tQ  bc  n(,ccssary_  For  instance,  one  of  the  work  as  a  means  of  keeping  collections  on 
turned  to  a  factoij.  pe^aps  1,000  miles  ^  baUs  may  get  out  0f  true  and  leased  machines  up  to  date.  This  service, 

Return  the  Motor  Only 

It  is  not  necessary,  however,  to  return 
the  entire  machine  to  the  factory.  Only 
the  motor  need  be  sent  back.  With  prac¬ 
tically  all  present  makes  of  talking  ma¬ 
chines  the  motor  can  very  easily  be  de- 

With  the  big  increase  in  interest  in  "°1K- 
talking  machines  on  the  part  of  the  deal-  alter  c 
ers— particularly  department  stores— in-  struct 
stances  of  more  or  less  similar  character  the  ma 
are  becoming  quite  common  in  the  domes-  “e 
tic  trade.  We  could  cite  offhand  a  number  °Uetl  s 
of  instances  of  machines,  which  1  1  11 

needed  some  slight  adjustment,  being  re-  °r  twc 
turned  to  a  factory,  perhaps  1,000  miles  to  be 
away.  In  one  case  it  required  less  than  goverr 
ten  minutes  to  put  in  perfect  condition  a  c'lus®  f 
machine  which  had  traveled  1,500  miles  should 
with  all  the  accompanying  freight  1  go 
and  risk  of  damage.  j1 

This  is  not  fair  to  the  manufacturer,  bow  t 
nor  is  it  satisfactory  to  the  retailer.  More-  11  leU 
over,  it  can  very  readily  be  avoided.  The  miy  s 
first  stop  in  the  right  direction  is  for  the  “  (iu“1 
head  of  a  store’s  talking  machine  depart-  uP®et 
ment  to  thoroughly  understand,  the  ma-  or  mn 
chine  I10  purchases.  This  is  no  difficult  °!’°  ^ 

struct  the  customer  as  to  taking  carc  of  The  necessity  for  occasionally  making 
the  machine.  slight  adjustments  of  any  talking  n.„- 

He  should  show  where  the  motor  is  clunc  emphasizes  the  value  of  the  system 
oiled  and  how  the  sound-box  should  be  of  following  up  of  customers  outlined  in 
handled.  He  should  then  explain  the  one  the  Economist  of  Aug.  19.  In  that  article 
or  two  minor  adjustments  that  are  likely  we  spoke  primarily  of  the  value  of  such 
to  bc  necessary.  For  instance,  one  of  the  work  as  a  means  of  keeping  collections  on 
governor  balls  may  get  out  of  true  and  leased  machines  up  to  date.  This  service, 
cause  a  peculiar  knocking.  The  customer  however,  also  has  a  distinct  value  in  pre¬ 
should  be  told  not  to  attempt  to  make  the  venting  customers  from  injuring  then- 
adjustment,  but  to  ring  up  the  store  so  that  machines  in  trying  to  correct  minor  diffi- 
it  may  be  attended  to  by  a  man  who  knows  culties,  neither  the  cause  nor  the  care  of 
how  to  handle  a  talking  machine  motor,  wliicli  they  understand.  It  also  enables  the 
If  left  in  ignorance,  again,  the  purchaser  store  to  build  up  a  nice  business  on  records 
may  attempt  to  adjust  the  soundbox,  and  ami  to  use  cheap  machines  as  a  leader  to 

What  the  Buyer  Should  Know 

We  have  already  explained,  in  the 
Economist  of  July  8,  the  various  features 
that  go  to  make  up  a  talking  machine,  viz., 
the  cabinet,  the  mechanism  for  reproduc¬ 
ing  sound  and  the  motor.  There  are  two 
main  sources  of  talking  machine  diflicul- 

attempt  to  adjust  the  soundbox,  and  ami  to  use  cheap  machines  as  a  leader  to 
a  quarter  turn  of  one  of  the  screws  will  so  interest  customers  in  the  purchase  of  the 
upset  its  mechanism  ns  to  cause  a  rattle  more  expensive  and  handsome  talking  ma- 
or  make  the  tone  unsatisfactory.  Or  some-  chines. 

one  may  carelessly  take  hold  of  the  little  There  is  one  retailer  in  a  little  town  m 
vibrating  arm  of  the  soundbox,  and  as  this  New  England,  for  instance,  who  some 
is  attached  only  to  a  thin  piece  of  mica  at  months  ago  bought  a  hundred  $5  machines, 
end  the  soundbox  will  inevitably  He  has  kept  those  machines  circulating 
r>  in  his  community  ever  since,  selling  a  cus- 

P  ..  ~  o  .  .  . .  a  tomer  one  today  and  next  week  or  next 

ine  viz  May  Cause  SenOUS  Accident  month  exchanging  it  and  allowing  the  $5 

jproduc-  Some  people  who  feel  that  they  have  a  credit  to  apply  on  the  purchase  of  a  higher 
are  t’”o  mechanical  turn  of  mind  may  become  curi-  priced  machine. 

diflicul-  ous  to  see  “what  makes  the  wheels  go  A  repair  department,  therefore,  if 
.  round.”  The  customer,  therefore,  should  proper  advantage  is  taken  of  it  in  follow- 
mnehine"  be  warned  that  this  is  a  dangerous  pro-  ing  up  customers,  is  not  an  expense,  but 
n  the  re.  Ceeding,  that  the  steel  spring  which  is  the  rather  a  means  of  satisfying  customers, 
ill  appear  0f  tjie  motor  js  many  times  more  and  of  increasing  sales. 


1 6,  ltjifi  (Copyright  by  the  Dry  Goods  Economist.) 

Reprinted  front  the  Dry  Goods  Economist  of  September 

Selling  Low-Priced  Talking  Machines  as  Toys 

An  Aid  in  Creating  Interest  in  the  Better  Instruments — Tone  of  the  Machine  Important 
Keep  Record  of  Purchasers 

Some  merchants  hesitate  about  featur¬ 
ing  low-priced  talking  machines  as  toys. 
They  figure  that  such  a  policy  will  inter¬ 
fere  with  the  sales  of  higher-priced  instru¬ 

“Every  time  I  sell  a  toy  talking  ma¬ 
chine,”  argued  a  merchant  to  an  Econo¬ 
mist  stafr-memher  recently,  “I  kill  off  a 
prospect.  The  toy  machine  will  do  prac¬ 
tically  what  the  big  machine  will  do,  even 
if  it  will  not  do  it  as  well.  Why  should 
I  feature  $5  or  $10  machines,  when  I  can 
just  as  well  sell  $50  or  $100  instruments?" 

Create  Demand  for  Fine  Instruments 

Experience  has  proven  this  line  of 
reasoning  to  be  faulty.  The  sale  of  toy 
talking  machines  is  one  of  the  best  means 
of  creating  business  for  the  finer  grades  of 
instruments.  The  toy  talking  machine,  as 
the  merchant  referred  to  reasoned,  is  un¬ 
like  any  other  kind  of  toy. 

The  toy  piano,  for  instance,  is  in  no 
sense  a  musical  instrument.  It  is  a  toy 
pure  and  simple.  Hearing  a  youngster 
pound  a  toy  piano  never  gave  anyone  the 
desire  to  hear  a  real  piano— the  desire  it 
usually  creates  is  the  desire  to  run. 

The  low-priced  talking  machine,  on  the 
other  hand,  will  play  the  same  records  as 
the  fine,  expensive  instrument. 

Owing  to  its  small  size  and  cheaper 
motor,  it  does  not,  of  course,  give  as  good 
results,  but  it  does  reproduce  a  record  suf¬ 
ficiently  well  not  to  annoy  the  grown'  folks 
of  the  family. 

Grown  Folks  Borrow  the  “Toy” 

Once  the  toy  machine  gets  into  the 
home,  as  a  general  thing,  the  grown  folks 
become  quite  as  much  interested  in  it  as 
the  youngsters.  They  begin  buying  rec¬ 
ords,  one  here,  one  there,  “for  the  kids," 
until  they  have  the  nucleus  of  a  fairly 
good  collection.  Then  these  grown-ups 
decide  that  they  want  something  better 
than  the  toy  machine  for  reproducing 
those  records.  It  is  only  a  step  from  that 
decision  to  the  purchase  of  a  fine  machine 
as  a  musical  instrument. 

Follow  Them  Up 

For  this  reason  the  far-sighted  store 
manager  insists  that  a  record  be  kept 
of  all  purchasers  of  toy  talking  machines 
during  the  Christmas  selling. 

This  list  of  toy  machine  purchasers 
should  be  held  until  the  lull  in  February 
and  March,  and  should  then  be  followed  up 
with  an  offer  to  allow  the  full  purchase 
price  of  the  toy  machine  to  apply  on  the 
purchase  of  a  fine  instrument,  provided, 
of  course,  that  the  toy  machine  is  in  good 

Since  one  of  the  objects  of  featuring 
the  low-priced  machine  is  that  it  shall 
serve  as  an  advertisement  in  the  home  of 
the  customer  of  the  enjoyment  to  be  had 
from  a  talking  machine,  the  buyer  of  toy 
talking  machines  should  give  careful  at¬ 

tention  to  the  tone  quality  of  the  machines 
he  decides  to  feature. 

The  importance  of  this  is  often  over¬ 
looked.  Too  frequently  the  buyer  of  toy 
talking  machines  picks  his  machine  as 
the  women  "pick”  horses  at  the  races — 
purely  on  their  “looks.”  This  is  a  mis¬ 
take  which  will  cost  his  house  the  profit 
on  the  sale  of  many  a  fine  talking  machine. 

Space  a  Factor 

Of  course,  it  is  out  of  the  question  to 
get  tone  reproduction  in  a  $10  machine 
equal  to  that  of  a  $100  instrument.  For 
among  other  requirements,  space  to  prop¬ 
erly  amplify  the  sound  is  one  of  the  prime 
requisites  for  a  good  tone  in  a  talking  ma¬ 
chine.  There  is,  however,  plenty  of  oppor¬ 
tunity  for  the  exercise  of  sound  judgment 
in  the  selection  of  low-priced  machines. 

Examine  Motor 

Having  made  sure  of  the  tone  quality 
of  the  toy  machine,  the  next  feature  to  be 
examined  is  the  motor.  The  buyer  who,  in 
his  anxiety  to  undersell  all  competitors, 
glosses  over  this  important  piece  of  talk¬ 
ing  machine  mechanism  is  storing  up 
trouble  a-plenty  for  himself. 

Every  Machine  Helps  Record  Sales 
As  we  mentioned  before,  in  most  cases 
the  small  machine  will  play  the  same  rec¬ 
ord  as  the  expensive  instrument;  there¬ 
fore.  each  of  the  purchasers  of  these  toy 
machines  is  a  prospect  for  record  sales. 
The  man  who  sells  talking  machines 
should  always  keep  in  mind  that  when  he 
sells  a  machine  he  sells  the  customer  the 
privilege  of  constantly  coming  back  for 

This,  of  course,  suggests  the  following 
up  of  purchases  of  any  machine,  no  mat¬ 
ter  what  its  price,  with  announcements  of 
new  records  from  time  to  time. 

Carry  Low-Priced  Records 
It  also  suggests  the  advisability  of 
handling  some  of  the  cheaper  lines  of  rec¬ 
ords  in  the  toy  department.  There  are  a 
number  of  good  records  which  retail  at 
from  10  cents  to  35  cents.  These  are  the 
ones  which  the  people  who  buy  low-priced 
machines  will  be  most  likely  to  purchase 
—at  least  for  the  first  few  months.  A 
man  who  has  paid  $5  for  a  talking 
machine  is  not  likely  to  pay  $3  for  a 

Finer  Records  Not  Affected 

This  fact  has  led  some  merchants  into 
thinking  that  the  featuring  of  cheap  ma¬ 
chines  and  cheap  records  may  hurt  the 
sale  of  the  finer  records.  Again  the  facts 
have  shown  the  contrary  to  be  the  case. 
Even  the  purchasers  of  expensive  talking 
machines  usually  begin  by  buying  rag¬ 
time  records,  but  they  soon  demand  better 
music.  The  rag-time  serves  as  the  kinder¬ 
garten  to  the  classics. 

Soon  Want  Better  Music 

In  the  same  way,  the  people  who  buy 
$5,  $10  or  $16  machines  for  the  youngster 

begin  by  picking  up  low-priced  records. 
Then  they  hear  some  beautiful  vocal  or 
instrumental  record  played  on  a  machine 
belonging  to  some  friend,  and  they  decide 
to  try  it  on  their  own  machine.  It  gives 
a  fairly  good  result.  The  inevitable  result 
is  that  they  begin  buying  more  of  the 
higher-priced  records.  Next,  having  the 
good  records,  they  want  a  machine  that 
will  give  more  satisfactory  results.  This 
has  been  the  history  of  the  sale  of  many 
a  fine  machine. 

Then,  again,  it  must  be  remembered 
that  the  talking  machine  of  to-day  is  more 
and  more  coming  to  be  considered  as  a 
piece  of  fine  furniture. 

The  Talking  Machine  as  an  Ornament 

The  woman  with  the  well-furnished 
living-room  is  no  longer  satisfied  with  the 
cheap  little  talking  machine  over  in  the 
corner.  She  wants  a  fine  cabinet  that  will 
look  as  well  as  any  other  piece  of  furni¬ 
ture  in  the  room. 

Her  toy  talking  machine  is  at  first  only 
an  amusement  for  children ;  but  soon  it  is 
used  for  entertaining  the  family.  Once 
the  family  begin  playing  the  machine  they 
begin  to  find  it  necessary  to  apologize  for 
it  to  friends,  with  the  result  that  sooner 
or  later  they  feel  the  necessity  of  getting  a 
machine  for  which  no  apologies  will  be 

Easy  to  Sell 

The  pushing  of  the  toy  talking  ma¬ 
chines  is  a  comparatively  simple  matter. 
Indeed,  they  push  themselves.  Aside 
from  the  usual  newspaper  advertising 
which  would  be  given  to  any  toy,  it  is  only 
necessary  to  have  the  machine  played 
constantly  in  the  department.  “Music 
hath  charms”  not  only  “to  soothe  the  sav¬ 
age  breast,”  but  to  attract  the  tired  shop¬ 
per.  You  will  never  fail  to  find  a  crowd 
around  a  talking  machine  that  is  being 
played,  whether  it  is  a  big  machine  or  a 
little  one. 

This  serves  as  an  advertisement  not 
only  for  your  machines,  but  for  your  rec¬ 
ords  in  the  toy  department. 

One  Danger  Point 

There  is  one  difficulty  that  must  be 
overcome  by  the  store  management  in  the 
featuring  of  toy  machines,  however.  This 
is:  The  jealousy  which  naturally  exists 
between  the  toy  buyer  and  the  musical 
instrument  buyer,  or  vice  versa.  What 
method  shall  be  adopted  for  overcoming 
this  is,  of  course,  a  matter  for  each  mer¬ 
chant  to  decide.  The  merchant  must  make 
it  clear,  however,  that  handling  talking 
machines  in  the  two  departments  is  neces¬ 
sary  for  the  best  interests  of  the  store; 
furthermore,  that,  to  get  the  biggest  re¬ 
turns  from  the  sales  efforts,  a  thorough 
co-operation  between  the  two  departments 
is  essential. 

Unlike  other  toys,  low-priced  talking 
machines  and  records  should  not  be  con¬ 
sidered  merely  as  toys  for  children,  but  as 
a  means  of  educating  the  grown-ups  to 
the  possibilities  of  a  fine  machine  for  the 
production  of  music  in  the  home. 


<£^o-c/2y  77*, — ^  *y?As~ 

Edward  Marshall 
Fitzgerald  Bldg.,  1482  Broadway 
New  York  City 



The  New  York  Sun 
The  Pittsburgh  Dispatoh 
The  Los  Angeles  Times 
Philadelphia  Inquirer 

Used  by: 

San  Francisco  Chroniole 

The  Syracuse  Herald 

The  New  Orleans  Times— Picayune 

Anaconda  Standard 

The  Boston  Post 
The  Son  Antonio  Express 
Chicago  Herald 
And  others 

October  23,  1916. 

Mr.  W.  H.  Meadowcroft , 
c/o  Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  1T.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Mr.  Edward  Marshall,  who  is  now  in  London,  has  written  asking 
if  won't  try  to  obtain  from  you  two  prints  of  the  photograph  which 
was  taken  a  year  or  more  ago,  comprising  yourself,  Mr.  Edison, 

Mr.  Ford,  Mr.  Marshall  aid  possibly  one  or  more  others  standing 
on  the  steps  of  the  Laboratory.  "  One  print  he  asks  me  to  mail 
at  once.  The  other  he  would  like  very  much  to  have  autographed 
by  you  and  Mr.  Edison,  then  sent  to  me,  and  by  me  sent  to  Mr. 

Ford  for  autographing. 

I  know  Mr.  Marshall  will  be  greatly  indebted  to  you  if  you 
can  conveniently  grant  his'  request. 

Yours  very  truly, 

rv  tr,-- 


Sec'y  to  Mr.  Marshall. 



^  „Is  ,"  ,n  1^'°^  vf *”E|p'"CA^  „  ‘cable  SEgfaci E  TO  ALL  THE^  WORL^ 

^  /  A  \- 

Received  at 

53NY  S  145  5  EX  BLUE 



Sl'Mf/Hf&g'’ Qff!80TA?ETT^H“I»TTw!?H 

JuSSfe  ®^raMV»ri!!ISoKWDMMSHE  ^Ieattle  sand i ko 


«T nwtuni 


KeM  WaSrrWaf*  “eonaphy  from  the 






123EPM  „  . 

«  C ft>  un.e| 

T*  kancUrtV' 


October  25,  1916. 

Ur.  ’.Yilliam  A.  Watson, 

Manager-  Phonograph  Department, 

Dry  Goods  Economist, 

231  West  Thirty -ninth  Street, 

Hew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

Yonr  letter  of  the  twentieth  addressed  to 
Ur.  Moore  duly  reached  Mr.  Edison,  and  the  latter 
requests  me  to  say  that  he  will  he  very  glad  to  se< 
you  at  some  convenient  time,  and  suggests  that  you 
telephone  a  day  or  so  in  advance  of  your  intended 
viBit  so  that  an  appointment  can  he  arranged. 

If  you  will  call  Orange  907  and  ask  for  Mr. 
Meadowcroft,  who  is  Ur.  Edison's  assistant,  you 
will  he  able  to  arrange  an  appointment. 

Youre  faithfully. 

Second  Vice  President. 


We  Have  not  as  yet  received  your  reply  to  our 
letter  of  June  12th  asking  for 

data.  As  we  expect  to  go  to  press  shortly  we  will  he 
grateful  to  you  if  you  will  make  the  necessary 
forrections  or  additions  on  the  attached  sheet  and 
return  to  us  at  your  earliest  convenience. 

We  are  anxious  to  make  this  7th  Edition  of 
"Who's  Who  in  Hew  York"  complete  and  accurate  in  every 
way  hut  to  accomplish  this  we  have  to  ask  your  c 

As  stated  previously,  hy  supplying  this  information 
you  incur  no  obligation  to  heoome  a  subscriber  and  wc 
will  not  permit  you  to  ho  annoyed  hy  solicitations  to 

As  a  matter  of  fact  there  will  he  no  copies  avail¬ 
able  to  the  public  after  publication  as  we  shall  bring 
tut  only  as  many  volumes  as  are  actually  subscribed  for 
in  advance. 

We  feel  Bure  you  will  want  to  possess  a  copy  and 
we  therefore  suggest  that  you  fill  out  the  enclosed 
order  blank  and  return  it  to  us  before  we  close  our 
subscription  book. 

Sincerely  yours, 






Lr.  i.leadov, -croft: 

.  iiaxwell  suggests 

and  courtesy  in  —  ’ij,xweni  thinks  that 

at  some  later  date.  v?ill  .y,ou  not  t>©  so 

good  as  to  let  us  hear  from  you  what  you  think 
of  this? 

With  regards, 

3/tuty  ,/f 

'..fig  Ed 

Hanaging'/Ed  itor 

V/.  Eeadowcroft,  Esq. 
'i’hoinas  A.  Edison,  Inc. 
Orange,  E.  J. 




October  27,  1716 


Dear  -r.  Edison: 

***/  7(  «*!L  Col  lien's"  e Yec  tr io  al  h>£sber, 

to  be"dated  December  2,  is  intended  to  be  a  great 
stimulus  to  the  electrical  industry  in  u  is 
country.  i’he  electrical  world  is  :..oie  or  leoo 
interested  in  it.  Y/e  had  hoped  that  you  might 
>=-ive  us  a  brief  interview  or  write  a  brief  article 
upon  the  immediate  future  of  electricity;  but  ve 
learned  from  ilr.  Ueadoworoft  that  you  aresobusy 
that  either  of  those  alternatives  is  nuite  ho;,e 
less.  ;,iav  we  ask  you,  therefore,  as  a  great 
f  vor  not  onlv  to  us  but  to  the  electrical  in¬ 
dustries  and  to  the  public  in  general  in  America, 
that  ou  will  write,  say,  at  least  a  letter  say¬ 
ing  something  about  the  immediate  future  oi 
electricity  in  America?  V/e  and,  we  are  certain, 
the.  nublic  would  be  immensely  inoebteu  to  you  lor 
it  if,  already  indebted  for  so  much. 

V/ith  much  regard, 

i’aithiully  yours, 

Managing  Editor 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esj,. 

Orange ,  U .  J . 





The  New  West  Magazine 


1211  WALKER  BANK  BUILDING  six  Y<.0„ 

nB  SALT  LAKE  CITY.  UTAH  in  the  Intermountain  Country 

October  27,  1916 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange,  Hew  tfetfsey 

Dear  Sir: 

Attached  is  copy  of  letter  from  the  president  of  the 
General  Federation  of  Women's  Clubs,  in  which  she  mentions  your 

We  also  mailed  you,  under  date  of  October  IS,  copy  of  a 
resolution  passed  by  the  Idaho  State  Federation  of  Women's 
Clubs.  A  similar  resolution  has  been  passed  by  the  Utah 

and  the  Nevada  State  Federations. 

Will  you  not  send  some  message  to  these  women  through  The 
New  West  Magazine  Electrical  Humber?  It  would  be  very  much 

appreciated  by  them  as  well  as  by  us. 


lira .  Robert  \Y.  Spangler 
Western  Club  Woman  department 
The  New  West  Magazine 
Salt  Lake  City,  Utah 

Dear  Mrs.  Spangler: 

It  is  with  pleaeure  I  learn  of  the  extensive 
?irerrSeic°embe^2nfomtde  ^Ln^marve™ trans^ationsVave'reen 


The  emancipation  of  woman  from  household  drudgery  has 


progress  and  enlightenment. 

I  also  desire  to  bear  testimony  to  the  fJ;n®  Patriotism 
shown  by  Thomas  A.  Rdison  in  placing  his  transcendent  talen 
the  service  of  his  country. 

Los  Angeles,  California. 

Scientific,  American 


Mi  ixn  K-  Co.  INC. 

•.>:«»  1  Jiijb^invAY.  Nmv  Yoiik 
,  Oaiober  28,  1916. 


Mr.  Meadowcroft, 

Edison  Laboratories , 

West  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Mr.  Charles  A.  Minn  recently  had  an  interview 
with  Hr.  Edison  and  suggested  that  the  aCIENSIPIC  AMERICAN 
would  like  to  publish  something  regarding  Mr.  Edison  s 
work  during  the  present  war-times,  when  certain  materials 
have  been  cut  off  from  our  markets. 

Mr.  Edison  agreed  to  grant  an  interview 
to  a  member  of  our  staff.  Will  it  be  possible  to  ar¬ 
range  a  date  sometime  the  latter  part  of  next  week 
whom  I  could  call  with  a  stenographer to  interview 
Mr.  Edison?  I  am  very  anxioue  to  have  Mr.  Edison  s 
message  published  in  our  special  E1°c^r^;°ai. 

December  2d,  which  means  that  I  must  hove  the  material 
in  hand  by  the  middle  of  November. 

Very  truly  yours. 

tjanaging  Editor. 

Octobor  51,1010 

A.  Russell  Bonfl,  Bsq., 

Aancging  Bailor,  Scientific  American, 

255  3ro'c.dway,  How  fork,  15. 1. 

Bear  iiir:- 

lour  favor  of  the  28th  inst.,  has  Been 
received.  Kr»  Adis  on  -says  that  ho  is  willing  to 
grant  on  interview  to  a  member  of  your  staff  towards 
the  latter  part  of  next  week.  . 

I  would  suggest  that  you  call 'me  on  the 
telephone  a  day  in. advance  and  I  will  make  a  definite 
appointment  for  you.' 

lours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  ?-5r.  iifiison. 

;  \ 

October  30,1910. 

•Jx.  Henry  J.  Forman, 

.  Managing  Editor, 

.  .  COnUEBS, 

416  West  13th  Street,  ■ 
Hew  lorlc  City,  U.Y.. 

Bear  Sir 

i  have  shown  Mr.  -Edison  your  favor  of  the 
27th  inst.  He  says  that  ho  will  probably  be  able 
to  giye  your  representative  an  interview  some  time 
next  week.  His  time  this  wool:  is  all  taken  up,  but 
if  you  will  get  in  touch  with  mo  say  about  Wednesday 
morning  next  week,  .1  will  try  and  make'  a  definite 
appointment  for  your  roprooontative. 

Yours  very' truly. 

Collier  s 

)etoher  31,  > 

Dear  Hr.  I.Ieaaoworoft: 

Si,  >916 


1  than',:  you  very  much 

SnriSil  Snd  yet  so  ;u.i  ;  , 

-0»  my  find  it  possible  to  lo< r«^.  , 


busl'ie1,1  ±  5,r^"^  '£f 


can  count-  u  .  y/ith  many  thanics. 

Cordially  yours, 

W.  H.  Headowcroft,  Esq.. 

c/o  Ehomas  A.  Edison  0  (1  ® 

Orange ,  M .  J. 


Hovombor  l.l'JIG 

Hr.  Henry  J.  Forman,  .  - 

Hanaging  JEditor,  - 


416  West  15th  Street, 

Hew  Yorfc  City,  U.Y. 

Dear  Hr.  Forman: 

'  .  1 '  I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 

tho  31st  ultimo ,  and  in  reply  beg  to  say  that  in 
acdordanea  with  your  doBire,  I  will-  ash  Ur.  EdlBon 
-to  "have  a  heart".  He  is  ant  of  town  for  today 
and  tomorrow,  but  i  hope  he  will  be  horo  on  Friday 
and  will  then  place  your  letter  before  him. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr..  Edison.  t 


Western  Electric  ( 


~~Y  ,  U  4°3WEST  STREET 

T «»..»«<.  T  I,/  NEWYORK 

Company . 

November  6,  1916, 


/ms/  1^7  ;/  ,w;~. 

. ,«M-S  - 1  £)ji  -far 


.  ^ 



New  Jersey. 

My  dear  Ur.  Edison:  -  n  |  —  ' 

You  may  be  interfeate£in  t^en^o^ed^j^i^e  ^ 
a  facsimile  of  a  letter  vjt dS£$  <*&»» 
many  years  ago  by  Mr.  Soribjver^  ^  ^  t0  ^ 

■  i^beoauae  on  tbe  |igh|ee^h  ^of^^  ^ 

I  am  Bending  it\beoaue^  c 

this  month  Ur.  Scribner  completes  d 
c/rtoiT  >- 

with  the  Western  Eleotrio  Cpmpany  « 

Vrears  of  service 

1  ita'predeoessors  in 

business.  The  day  is  to  be  doubly  eventful  because  his 
daughter  is  to  be  married  on  it.  C~~p 

In  oelebration  of  this  anniversary  we  are  planning 
to  make  the  December  number  of  the  Company  paper,  the 
Western  Eleotrio  News,  a  soribner  number.  Among  other 
things,  the  enclosed  letter  of  Introduction  is  to  be  re¬ 
produced  and  it  occurred  to  me  that  you  might  like  to 
write  a  personal  letter  to  Mr.  soribner  which  we  could 
also  reproduo e .  I  have  not  said  anything  to  him  about  the 
matter  but  I  know  from  the  esteem  in  which  he  holds  you 
that  he  would  cherish  such  a  letter  very  much. 

As  the  News  goes  to  print  early  next  week,  it 
would  he  desirable  for  us  to  have  anything  you  might  write 
not  later  than  Monday  (November  13th)  of  next  week.  Mr. 
Scribner  is  in  Vermont  at  the  present  time  and  may  go 
directly  to  Chicago  where  his  daughter  is  to  be  married. 

If  you  will  send  the  letter  to  me  I  will  see  that  it  is 
forwarded  to  him  wherever  he  may  be  and  will  at  the  same 
time  arrange  to  have  it  photographically  reproduced  for 
the  News. 

With  kindest  personal  regards,  X  am, 

Very  sinoerely, 

Assistant  Chief  Engineer. 



5&A.V •/'T'US-v.  ■" 


Hovombcr  0,1916 

J.!r.  F.  B.  Jowett, 

o/o  Y.’cstorn  Bloc  trie  Company, 

463  best  Street, 

Hew  lor]:,  H.Y.- 

lly.doar  Ur*  .Jewett:  ,  . 

I  am  glad  you  wrote  to  mo  about 
our  friond.  Scribner,'  and  alco  that  you  enclosed  a 
copy  of  Barton’s  lottor  introducing  him  to  no  thirty- 
sevon  .years  ago.  •  > 

Ho  woo  certainly  ono  of  the  moat  prolific 
inventors  of . tho  aye ,  and  X  contra tula to  him  upon 
reaching  tho  fortieth  anniversary, of  his  telophonie 
engineering,  and  also  upon  living  in  a  happy  age  of 
tire  world  when  the  people  hold  inventors  in  groat 
repute.:  /  •  . 

Yours  very  truly,  . 


Iloveiabor  9,1916 

ilr.  C.  1.  Scribner, 

c/o  iesiom  SLoctric  Comrany, 

403  West  Street, 

•  .  How  York,  II. Y. 

friend,  Scribner':  , 

Qur  frionci  Jpwott  tells  mo  that  ' 
in  a  fen  days  you  arc  going  to  eelebzatb  the  40t!i 
anniversary  .of  your  entranco  into  lolophonic  Sagin- 
ooring..  I  an  glad  'to  knot;  that  after  your  forty 
years  of  ' hard  v;ork  you  are  ctill  "in  the  ring"-, 
and  I  wont  to  congratulate  you  on-  that  and  on  -the 
splendid  record  of  achiovomont  you  have  nauo.  I'ay 
the  coming  year  find  you  hearty  and  still  full  of 

lot  me  also 'offer  my  felicitations  on  the 
marriiu’o  of' your  daughter,  which  I  understand,  is  to 
tako  plu..o  on  your  anniversary  day,  thus  making  .tho 
aay  doubly  eventful.' 

With  cordial  records  and  all  good  vtiehoc , 

1  iotauin. 

Sincerely  youro, 

lioveraber  0,1910 

A.  Pollman,  / 

2cc$y  to  Br .  Bdward  Barshnll, 

1402  Broadway,  Bow  York  pity. 

How  York. 

Boar, Blr:-  . 

I  on  sorry  there  has  boon  do  rnich  delay 
in  attending  to  Hr.  Bwchall'o  requests.  contained 
in  your  favor  of  the  23d  ultimo.  I?-  the lirst 
•Blaoo  wo  ao  not  havo  any  prints  of  tno  particular 
ohotoprapn,  and  in  tho  next  place  fir.  .A+aon-bVB  . 
been  out  of  town  and  has  boon  so  enc«H30d  tha-  it 
was  onlv  late  Saturday  afternoon  they  1  coulu  L-ot. 
hie  autof’i'ai'h.on  one  of  the  -cepiofc •  .  •  • 

1  boat  the  two  photos  by  first-clasp 
nail  Ituird'cy  afternoon,  and  trrfct  they  navo  open, 
rocplvod  in  ,~ood  order.  ■ 

Kindly- give  ny  very  kindest  roparde'  to 
12.  Bcrehnll  the  litir.t  tine  you  write  to  Ain. 

Yours  very  truly;,- 

•  Assistant  to  Sir.  jJdieoh. 

Dovonbor  14,1316. 

Proea  Illustrating  Sorvioe,  Inc., 

142  foist  iuwonty-i'hird  Street. 

Dow  York  City,  3. Y. 

Gentlemen;  Attention  hr.  II.-  V»‘.  Sierichs. 

Referring  to  your  favor  of  tho  20th 
ultimo,  I  beg  to  Bay  that  l,!r.  Edison  has  boen 
bo  very  buoy  that -ho  has  hod  no  time  to  givo 
to  your  Photographer.  Howovcr,  he  has  told 
rao  that  ho  will' spare  a  few  minutes  come  day 
this  weok. 

Just  at  this  moment  I  do  not  know  of 
his  going  away  anywhoro,  but  I  would  suggest 
tomorrow  morning  might  be  a  good  timo'.  Please 
lot  your  Photographer  ask  for  mo.  ;  . 

Yours  .very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Dr.  Edison. 

I?,/  TAt ' 





Springfield  ,1'ass. 
r  ^  a*  Ho  vender  15 ,1916, 

West  Orange,  H.  J-  L  ft*  ^  ^ 

near  Sir:  u.  t  ( 

There  seer*3  to  he  soroe  difference  of  o>iricn 

among  authorities  as  to  the  award  of  the  Hotel  pJ*e 
in  Physics  for  1915.  Some  authorities  state  ^hat  it  was 
awarded,  one  half  to  yourself  and  one  half  to  Ur.  Tesla; 
others  that  it  was  awarded  to  two  English  scientists. 

For  the  benefit  of  our  thousands  of  readers 
we  would  he  glad  of  the  facts  as  to  whether  you  ever 

received  the  ITohel  Prize* 

We  are  enclosing  a  stamped  and  addressed  envelope 
for  your  convenience  should  you  deem  this  matter  worthy  of 
a  reply. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  this  courtesy,  we  are 
Very  respectfully  yours, 


liovembcr  18,1916 

Scientific  American, 

233  Broadway, 

Bow  York  City, 

-  Bow  York.  i 

i Boar  Ur.  Bond:  Attention  Hr.  D.B.3ond. 

Your  favor  of  tho  lGth  instant, 
enclosing  tho  article  prepared  from  your  inter¬ 
view  with  Ur.  Edison  last  week  was  received  and  . 
shown  to  him-  Ho  has  made  a  few  minor  changes, 
and  1  am  returning  it  to  you  horowith.  . 

,  Hr.  Edison  noticed  that  you  have  this 
in- the  form  of  an  article  by  him.  Ho  objects 
most  strenuously  to  this,  and  insists  that  you 
publish' it  solely  as  an  interview,  and  not  as  an  . 
artiqlo  by  him.  Ho  soys  that  was  tho  understand¬ 

ing  with  you. 

Yours  vory  truly, 

•  Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison. 

Enclosure.  ' 


Scientific  American 

mi  Til 

Munn  8c  Co.  Inc. 

ana  UiminvAY,  NkwYoiik. 

November  21,1916 

Mr.  William  H.  Meadowcrof t , 
Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison, 
Edison  Laboratories, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Mr.Hendowcroft:- 

I  have  your  letter  of  the  18th  inst., 
returning  the  article  prepared  from  ray  interview  with 
Hr.  Edison.  I  wish  you  would  thank  him  in  my  behalf  for 
reading  the  manuscript  and  correcting  it. 

I  did  not  understand  that  Mr.  Edison  objected  to 
having  the  matter  published  as  an  article.  Of  course,  we  shall 
comply  with  his  wishes  and  state  in  our  Editorial  note,  and 
also  in  the  title  that  this  is  an  interview. 

The  article  will  appear  in  our  issue  of  December  2nd, 
copies  of  which  will  be  mailed  to  Hr.  Edison  immediately  upon 

Very  truly  yours, 

The  Bragdon.Lord  &  Nagle  Co  ..Inc. 

^JextileTForld  5ournal 

Textile  World  Record~Textile  Manufadurersjournal 


Thomas  A.  Edi 
ORANGE,  N.  J . 

r-f  46l^EiGirrH  34th.St.^ 

‘“V” of  ”tu 

benefit.  / 

tive  oapaoity  of  dMS^1“  lildomestic'  dye  manufacturers 

of  the  future  ««£»  of  ttelr  »lanta *  Aeir  Gapaolt?*  the 

”-?S  SJ-aS  2-  7*  ‘“tsM  *°  "**•• 

Aa  a  matter  Rarest  «a  daalre  to  b  pub- 

information,  which  will  *eG°mpiled  ror  variouB  ^stuff  plants 
lffiaiti“U?Sn  ty&.  proa...  of  «»»•*”«““»»• 

HU  you  co-operate  .1th  ..A, JStf Iwae'uSMSou” 
poaaihle  moment  a  N J,  ^ntaniplatlon,  apeclfying  which 

7,  ekss,s:  sJe.sSh“jrAXd  5...  -—vw  — 

with  a  photograph  for  reproduction. 

Will  you  advise  us /t  once  whether  we  may  expect  such  an 
article  from  you.  y 

n-.N  Thankingvyou  advance,  w*„J£S. 

"3k  *1  j  )  \  /'l^^^^Yours  truly. 

J  /  /  THE  BRAQDON,  LORD  &  NAGLE  CO., 

\^r  4— 

?!  10  Brardon,  lord  C;  liaplo  Co.,  Inc., 

461  Kifdit  Avo.  at  34tli  iJtroot, 

'  lien  York.  Ii.Y. 

Gentlemen :  Attention  Hr.  V.H. Car roll : 

Your  favor  of  the  22d  instant,,  has  boon 
rooeivod  and  brought  to  Hr.  Hdison's  porsonal  atten¬ 
tion.  Ke  wishes  ue  to  adviso  you  tliat  no  do  not 
third:  It  la  quite  doeirablo  for  us  to  furnish  the 
information  you  nskffor,  as  v;e  aro  not  in  tho  buc- 
,  inoco  to  remain,  but  are  only  in  it  temporarily. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Hdison  laboratory. 

“ ur  a  aore  intimate  understanding  < 
Lirst  of  these  objects  makes  the  issue 
seriously  feel  that  the  second  alone  rm 

>f  America  abroad . 
possible,  but  the 
dees  it  worth  do im 

The  issue  will  have  many  articles  on  America  d< 
:vith  its  character  and  lvith  its  material  and  spiritual  s' 
sympathicaliy  written  by  Americans  and  by  Britons. 

Vtili  you  be  good  enough  to  send  me  a  signed  phi 
»i  yourself  for  inclusion  in  this  Number?  And  if  the  p] 
and  pur’poBe  of  the  enterprise  commend  themselves  to  you, 
care  to  vnrite  me  your  approval,  or  males  sug -cations  for 

Yours  faithfully. 



Decombor  ££,191o 

-ho  Gruphic, 

Eallis  iiouse,  ' 


London,  L.  C. 

Gohtlenon:  Attontlon  ;;r.  Loo  schoff. 

Your  favor  of  tho  lot  instant  has  just 
boon  rccoivod,  and  in  accordance  Kith  your' request! 
hr.  .Edison  iB -Bonding  you  a  signed  photograph, 
which  you  will  find  horowith. 

,  Ho  regrots  that  he  will  not  be  able  to 
teko  timoto  write  any  statonont  for  you,  as  ho 
is  very  busy  on  so. •no  important  orperimonts  which 
are  so  intricate  and  involved  thatho  doos  not 
wish  to  withdraw  his  thoughts  on  them. 

Yours  very  truly, 

.2d icon  Laboratory. 

A/1692.  ' 

December  1,101G 

•  i!r .  Thomas  II.  domes,  l-res., 

.Massachusetts  Biographical  Society, 
142  Berkeley  Street, 

.  Boston,  Hass. 

Bear  Sir:-  > 

Replying  to  your  favor  of  the  20th  ultimo, 
let  mo  say  that  it  is  absolutely  out  of  tho  question 
to  consider  such  a  proposition  as  you  place  boforo 
mo.  In  the  first  plueo,  literary  work  is  entirely, 
out  of  my  line,  and  in  tho  next  place,  it  would  bo. 
simply  impossible  for  mo  to  devote  a  moment's  consider 
ation  to  a  matter  of  this  kind. 

}Jy  oxtonoivo  buslnoss  interests  and  experi¬ 
ment  work  demand  ray  closest  attention,  10  to  20  hours 
a  day,  and  I  cannot  give  time  to  other  matters,  not 
even  for  an  interview . 

,  Yours  very  truly, 



'The  McClure  Publications 



December  5th,  1916 


\  y  f 
>"  V> 

Thomue  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 

$  X.  , 

/  I;y\ 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:  /  *  / 

X  cannot  let  you  offl  That  book  yJ^  y 

"For  France"  needs  you.  Even  if  you  write  only  ^  jf  /  4 
two  or  three  sentences,  that  will  bo  eufficient.  ^  \/  S 

w ...  -.1-  «•  *•  cfj y  <  . 

•  “  **'Vy  ^ 

mo  hear  from  you  again.  vYy  & 

Faithfully  yours,  _  »  - 

f+**~*e*+  ^  - 

'  For  the  Committee.  > iy1 

//  f/v 


In  view  of  the  general  interest  in  your  own  great  work  for 
preparedness,  and  in  Mr.  Doherty  as  a  Reader  of  the  electrical  industry, 
I  am  asking  your  permission  to  publish  jin  the  next  number  of  Electrical 
Merchandising  a  picture  of  your  factory^  building  showing  this  flag. 

Mr.  Meadowcroft  has  courteously  consented  to  procure  such  a 
photograph  for  us,  providing  your consent^to  its  use  is  obtained. 

December  11,1916. 

Hr.  0.  II.  Caiaroll, 

c/o  Hie ctri cal  .‘forehand  icing , 

259  beet  5 9  til  Dtreot, 

Her  YorH,  II.Y. 

Dour  sir:-  . -  - 

In  accordance  riih  the  ro^uost  contained 
in  your  favor  of  the  ,8th.  instant,'  I  on  enclosing 
a  photograph  of  tho  liloetrio' raring  flag  prosontod 
to  Mr.  Hdicon  by  Hr.  Doherty.  Shis  flag  .is  mounted 
on  tho  tov.or  of  iio.  £4  3aildiag  of  our  plant  hero. 

Yours  very  truly,1 

Assistant  to . Hr.  M icon. 


tain  Office:  45  Boutwell  Street,  Dorchester,  Hass. 

The  Woman’s  Journal 
-r-  and  Suffrage  News 

585  Boylston  Street,  Boston,  Massachusetts 
Telephone:  Back  Bay  1717 

AtiUlant  Editor  Editor-In-Chief 

3  m  uu  (wyr  J  .  . 

uVLu.<.  N  11  1916.  ® 

Dear  Hr.  Edison: 

In  our  issue  of  June  3rd  1916,  we  printed  the 
inclosed  clipping  which  v/e  re-wrote  from  one  of  the  He'..  York 
papers.  I  think  the  Tribune.  Since  then  the  Salem  Evening 
Hews  of  Salem,  Massachusetts  has  printed  a  letter  purporting 
to  come  from  you  which  denies  that  you  ever  made  the  state¬ 
ment,  and  quotes  you  to  the  effect  that: 

"While  I  am  in  favor  of  Woman's  Suffrage,  I 
notice  that  in  states  v/here  they  have  suffrage  ,  they  have 
failed  to  use  their  votes  to  diminish  saloons  and  to  correct 
abuses. " 

I  wonder  whether  you  ever  did  send  this  letter 
to  the  Salem  Evening  Hews.  V/e  shall  be  sorry  if  v/e  have 
quoted  you  in  the  enclosed  clipping  incorrectly.  If  by  any 
chance,  you  do  think  that  the  women  voters  have  not  diminished 
the  number  of  saloons,  and  would  like  information  on  the 
matter,  I  shall  be  pleased  to  send  you  material  which  I  believe 
is  incontrovertable  and  which  must  have  escaped  your  notice. 
In  town  after  town  in  Illinois,  the  only  state  v/here  the  votes 
are  now  counted  separately,  the  women  voted  the  town  dry  when 
it  would  have  gone  wet  on  the  vote  of  the  men  alone. 


Yours  Bincerely, 


}  imagin 

Earle  Ji  Carlcy,  president 

E.  S.  McClure,  secretary-treasurer 

interview  with  you  published  in  yesterday's  Sun..  Is  I  ass  wholly 
in  ay  nip?  thy  with  the  views  you  express  in  th-t  artiole,  I  feel  that 
I  and  all  patriotic  Americans  are  to  be  congratulated  on  the 
privilege  vouchsafed  to  thsm  of  reading  your  views  on  the  critical 
issues  of  tais  unprecedented  time.  It  would  give  me  the  gre- test 
pleasure  if  presently  you  could  find  «.  way  tc  answer  several  •pies- 
tions  I  should  be  glad  to  present  to  you.  IVhst  I  have  in  mind 
is  an  expression  of  opinion  from  you  connected  more  with  the 
scientific  than  the  political  or  economic  future  of  the  race.  In 
this  connection  it  would  be  inters  sting  to  consider  the  subject 
of  wh'-t  the  heroic  and  adventurous  men  of  the  future  will  find 
for  the  exercise  of  their  activities  if  w»r  is  eventually  done  away 


Eirlc  E,  Carley,  president  E.  S.  McClure,  secretary-treasurer  Guy  T.  Viskniskki,  vice-president 

The  Wheeler  Syndicate,  Inc. 

373  Fourth  Avenue,  New  York 

Telephone  {271}  Madison  Square 

Furthermore,  I  should,  like  to  get  from  you  your 
opinion  regarding  the  possibility  of  the  inhabitants  of  this  plane- 
over  getting  into  communication  with  the  possibly  existing  inhabi¬ 
tants  of  other  planets.  Sir  William  Hamilton  remarked  th  t  as 
’.vo  increase  the  diameter  cf  our  knowledge  we  enlarge  the  circum¬ 
ference  of  our  ignorance.  Could  we  not  paraphrase  his  assertion 
in  these  days  and  say  th- 1  a3  m  enlarge  the  diameter  of  ur 
knowledge  we  increase  the  romantic  possibilities  of  man's 
ao  c  ompl i shresnt s  ? 

Could  you  within  the  next  few  we.ka  give  me  a  talk 
sornswh  it  upon  the  basis  above  suggested? 


v7  &M A  CTV\  ^ 


us i-t*jc^  C(^-j  ’ 

Chicago  Herald 

FRANK  e.  MARNEY.  COMMEB.ONOCNT  (^3^  ^  . 

I  December  13,  1916. 

wu  j.  4(  ~  ^  A 

W  aCaXPeai*.* >-f  ft  f  ( 

I  AAA  X.^ty.K'  W  -~J 
-<,cc  <?-<£-«x»w-  J  C^t-ot  U<hA 

3t  in  quest  of  several  / 

■■*.-  you  and  your  valuable  opinions  on 

4Gj.f(To  lU«WvLfit  2'f  U.c-u-rr^ 

..  „  JUa^u<i  «/  hjtU  ^  J 

has  been  a  long  time— several  years,  in  faotj-since  the  newspapertWciT 
I  represent  has  had  the  pleasure  of  publishing  an  Interview  direct  from  you. and  we 
are  hoping  that  you  will  afford  us  the  opportunity  at  this  time.  A  subject  of 
national  importance. such  as  was  contained  in  Hr.  Marshall -a  article  of  last 
Sunday. or  any  other  matter  you  might  care  to  discuss. would  be  appreciated  by  the 
CHICAGO  SUBDAY  HEHALD  and  its  readers. 

L'r.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange, H.J. 

-y  Dear  Hr.  Edison: _ 

Uy-OX-K-/  — 

The  editor  of  the  CHICAGO  SUKDAY  HERALD  has  sent 
articles, one  in  particular  having  to  deal 
matters  of  public  interest. 

I  will  be  careful  not  to  take  up  more  of  your  time  than  is  absolutely  necessary. 
Furthermore, my  office  wishes  me  to  assure  you  that  proofs  of  the  article  will  be 
submitted  for  approval.  I  shall  be  in  How  York  until  Friday  evening. 

The  V/est  likes  you.Mr.  Edison, 

wants  to  hear  from  you  occasionally. 

December  14,1916 

Ur.  Bert  Lennon, 

Chicago  Herald  Bureau, 
c/o  limes  Annex, 

Hew  York,  11. Y. 

Dear  Sir;.- 

Hr.  Edison  requested  us  to  say  in 
reply  to  you r  favor  of  the  13th  instant ,  that 
he  is  on'  a  campaign  of  experimenting,  and  in 
order  to  give  you  an  interview  he  would  have 
to  take  hiB  mind  off  somo.vory  perplexing  prob¬ 
lems  Ho  does  not  want- to  do  this  until  he 
can  see  day-light,  and  just  how  ho  cannot  say 
when  this  will  occur.  He  wishes. uc  to  say 
in  addition  that  he  gave  tho-  Sun  interview  to 
Uarshall  two  and  a  half  months. ago . during  a 
lull  in  his  work. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Edison  Laboratory. 

Mr.  Edward  H.  Davis 




Deo ember  16.  1916. 

The  attached  letter  iB  similar  to  one/Bent  to 
Charles  Edison,  Mr.  Ireton  and  myself. 

"The  Dhono graph"  is  a  weekly  phonograph  trade 
paper  recently  established  in  Chicago.  Trade  papers  are 
of  very  little  benefit  to  us,  and  we  are  not  advertising 
in  this  one.  Accordingly  I  do  not  think  it  advisable  for 
us  to  write  them  anything  for  publication.  Mr.  Ireton  and 
I  decided  not  to  do  so,  and  I  think  Mr.  Charles  Edison 
intends  to  ignore  the  letter  he  received. 


C.C.  to  Mr. 

Edie  on. 









Docombor  19,1910 

Ur.  H.  Vi.  SlorichG, 

President,  Press  Illustrating  Oorvice,  Inc., 

142  liost  Twenty-Ihird  Street, 

How  York,  H.Y. 

Dear  Sir:-,  '  ■ 

I  have  rocoived  your  favor  of  the  18th 
dM.tant,  and  in  reply  beg  to  say  that  so  far  as 
I  know  Ur  .  Edison' is  not  .going  to  poso  for  the 
Uovios.  I  should  probably  bo  awaro  of  it  if  such 
wore  the  fact,  b;t  I  havo  not  hoard  a  word  of 
any  such  thing,  and  ho  is. so  exceedingly  buoy 
that  I  do  not  think  for  a  moment  ho  would  consent. 

Allow, me  to  thank  you  for  the  copies  • 
of- the  recent  photographs  that  Ur.  Predrieks  made 
of  Ur.  Edison.  I  an  vory  glad  to  havo  then. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Jtr.  Edison. 


\V  4' 


33west:::t:^^‘  ycd ! 


\  JJaWberaSS;  1WV  j-  ..  / 

^  J:  z^s  v  j"  / 

'  J  0^  J&S*  VV'/ 

Jr.  W.  H.  Meadavcroft,  j  V  V  „  °  '  -1" 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  f  i  /  £|  J  ^V' 

Orange,  N. J .  j  j  [  U  ‘  f  ^  ^t-n 

Dear  Mr.  Meadavcroft :  ,-•  '  ^ 

I  have  worked  out  tha  enclosed  article  from  l_J> 
the  interview  i’ had  with  Hr.  Edison  yastorday  afternoon,  fili  V  . 
you  please  put  it  before  him  for  hie  approval  and  correctiqnT^jJj?  ^v- 

ISiy  I  taka  this  opportunity  to  thank  you  again 
for  your  help  in  making  this  interview  possible.  Hr.  Edison  has^ 
said  some  things  very  positively  liera  that  I  think  ougnt  to  os  said 
and  X  hore  that  their  publication  in  the  Electrical  World  will  help 
to  increase  the  use  of  electric  vehicles. 

As  you  know,  we  are  planning  to  use  this  is 
the  special  issue  of  the' Electrical  World  dated  -January  6.  I  Bhall 
appreciate  knowing  just  when  we  can  use  this  as  soon  as  it  is  con¬ 
venient  for  you  to  return  it,  as  we  have  a  limited  time  before  tne 
paper  goes  to  press. 

I  an  enclosing  also  with  this  letter  a  copy  of 
the  editorial  which  I  told  you  about  and  which  I  wrote  the  morning 
before  getting  Hr.  Edison's  idea.  It  pleased  ms  particularly  to  knov  . 

that  I  hod  thought  in  about  the  seme  terms  with  regard  to  the  electric 
vehicle  that  he  was  thinking,  i 

Yours  very  truly. 



f  it*.  "  w  * 

*  n  x  +  •  i^r 


^  ,  - 

3  iCtC 




-*«•  &  ART  LONDON.  E.C. 

. I  83. 12. 16.' 

Editor  &  Managing  Director  :  A.  R.  ORAGE. 

Thomas  Alvan  Edison, Esq. 

Dear  Sir. 

I  am  recommended  hy  Sir  Robert  Hadf ield,F.R. S.  (whose  printed 
article  I  enclose)  to  v«write  to  you  on  the  subject  of  the  two  enclose^ 
questions  on  the  industrial  situation  after  the  War  and  how  to  meet  it. 
Sir  Robert  feels  that  you  might  be  persuaded, busy  though  you  are, to 

send  me  a  contribution  to  my  symposium, in  the  form  either  of  a  letter 
KEXSCEfeiEtEy  ■  •  ,  .  „  „ 

or  article,  expressing  your  ideas  on  the  possibility  ox  an  ax  oer-wax 

partnership  between  Capital  and  Labour  from  the  point  of  view  accepted 
by  Science. I  might  mention  that  various  point* of  the  symposium  have 
been  indicated  by  representative  public  men. For  instance  the  after-war 
view  on  the  position  of  Capital  by  such  big  Government  contracters  as 
Sir  Robert  Hadf ield, Sir  Hugh  Bell, Sir  Maurice  Flt*,maurice, Sir  William 
Denny, Mr  Dudley  Docker, C.B.  and  others.!  am  very  anxious  to  make  the 
symposium  complete  by  obtaining  authoritative  expressions  of  opinion 
from  the  point  of  view  of  Science.:  It  needs  no  one  to  remind  me  how 
suited  you  are  by  your  great  .acqomplishments  and  practical  experience 
to  tell  us  what  the  application  of  science  to  industry  is  going  to  do 
to  replace  the  present  industrial  hostility  by  an  industrial  partner¬ 
ship.  Sir  Robert  suggests  that  I  should  make  my  appeal^  on  three  ground. 
First  in  view  of  your  remarkable  article  bn  Science  on  the  Battlefield  . 
Second, that  Sir  Robert  is  an  old  oolleag/ue  in  met^alurgical  research. 
Third, that  he  has  been  assisting  one  of  the  American  Commissions  sent 



ose  printed 

e  two  enclosed 

,ow  to  meet  it . 

you  are, to 

•j  o'f  a  letter 

.  after-war 

view  accepted 

(osium  have 

ithe  after-war 

jntracters  as 

i.  Sir  William 

to  make  the 

I  of  opinion 

iind  me  how 

il  experience 

s  going  to  do 

'ial  partner-  r 

m  three  ground . 

iHrst  in  view  of  your  remarkable  article  bn  Science  on  tihe  Battlefield  . 

Second, that  Sir  Robert  is  an  old  oolleag/ue  in  metallurgical  research. 

Third, that  he  has  been  assisting  one  of  the  American  Commissions  sent 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Autograph  and  Photograph  Requests  (E-16-04) 

This  folder  contains  requests  for  Edison's  autograph  or  photograph  and 
related  correspondence.  Included  are  letters  from  collectors,  publishers,  news 
bureaus,  photography  studios,  and  educators.  Also  included  is  correspondence 
with  Edison's  acquaintances  and  employees,  along  with  distributors  of  his 
phonographs  and  batteries.  Among  the  items  for  1916  are  letters  from 
Leonidas  B.  Estopinal,  son  of  Congressman  Albert  Estopinal  of  Louisiana; 
British  engineer  Arthur  Percy  Morris  Fleming;  John  Frazer,  dean  of  the  Towne 
Scientific  School  at  the  University  of  Pennsylvania;  attorney  and  former  Edison 
employee  William  H.  Lanman;  and  portrait  artist  Jacques  Reich. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  primarily  of  items  that  received  a  perfunctory 
response  or  no  response  from  Edison. 

Tho  International  Film  Service, 
15  an  F  i  so  o ,  C  al . 

Replying  to  your  collect  Night  letter  of 
the  13th  instant 

Tsn’t  thoro  some  way  we  could  examine  the 
34  pictures  of  Mr.  Edison  taken  during  his  San 
Francisco  visit?  'Ye  dislike  haying  thorn  all  'sights 
unseen".  Would  you  care  to  send  them  on  for  examina¬ 
tion  or  at  least  proofs? 

Kindly  reply  hy  letter;  we  are  not  so 
distressed  on  the  subject  that  another  collect 
telegram  will  ho  necessary! 

Yours  very  truly. 




crsttu  of  JTntrc  Jin 

fotrc  fame,  ^Inbimia 

January  17,  1916. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  wish  to  thank  you  most  sincerely  for  your  kindness  and 
courtesy  in  oausing  to  he  sent  to  me  an  autographed  picture  of  your¬ 
self.  The  picture  will  he  framed  and  will  adorn  the  walls  of  our 
Electrical  Engineering  building. 

Thanking  you  again,  and  with  all  good  wishes,  I  am 
Yours  very  sincerely, 

Professor  in  Charge 

Electrical  Engineering  Department. 

'  if  y 

^  Thom:\s 

y\  ^  Slnbit’a  jMtlitiury  ffclpml 

(!•'  ,  i 'N'” 

pK  21  > 


We  have  been  refitting  end  remodeling  our  Physical 
/ and  Chemical  laboratories  and  cntiftg  other  things  that  wo  need 
!  are  pictures  of  a  scientific  nature  for  the  walls.  Perhaps 
you  could  give  \is  some  of  the  pictures  that  you  use  for 

We  would  like  a  large  picture  of  Mr.  Edison  if  possible. 
1  A  plcttire  of  the  Interior  and  exterior  of  the  Edison  laboratories 
1  y.’ould  also  bo  valuable.  Perhaps  you  have  other  pictures  which 
\  would  make  an  Interesting  addition  to  our  walls. 

We  wotiid  particularly  like  to  get  a  large  copy  of  Mr. 
Edison’s  noted  short  article  on  cigarette  smoking,  signed 
by  him,  suitable  for  framing.  Our  school  is  opposed  to  the 
cigarette  habit  and  this  will  be  a  great  help  to  us  in  impressing 
on  the  boys  the  evils  of  this  habit. 

Y0urs  truly, 

..  )\a —  ^ 

tr  OU  gr—  C-£rv.#-  ^  JO-*-L_ 

-LL~(U,  y~fC-~  lt~i  iU  -C — »  — ^»~aC  y^— 

^  ./  C  «-<_/  Ck£.  0^trv-<Lt^  L(  .  _ 

^y9*«-  _  t  jt~C 

]/lt,i.  ^wLe/’  ^  ^C^~-^^-X  v  C-®-^ - 

— c  cn<.  <.-  /«<u^  '*■  ^1*  . 

Ju^^^ro  Sfa*-'  J~*-<J.  . 

9l-l A.(pi-e^.  yLn-o.tGa>  rlZ-*z£  C-s-*-/_  jZl.  'ct^~^r  - 

,  yiO,  - -  ^  <?-f—  / // 

—  A— ^  _tw-  .  y 

^  f  -I-  ^ — 

^  /•  </--  f 

(?^  ^-6XA^  ' 

<sk  _ 

aintenmtimtal  Sfilm  Bernice,  g«t. 

iniatogcapl;  Department 

■220-238  WILLIAM  ST.  NEW  YORK 

Mr.  N.  C.  Durand, 
Thomas  A  .  Edison  Inc. 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

Am  sending  you  under  separate  cover  contact 

t,— , 


lutteti  States  $nst  ©fttre 

Greenville,  S.  C.  Feb.  ?.,  1916. 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Oranee,  II.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

to  thank  you 


very  much  for 

William  H.  Meadowcroft,  Esq., 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

My  dear  Meadowcroft 

X  am  about  to  complete  the  86th  year  of  my  con¬ 
nection  with  the  General  Electrio  interests.  X  have  very  pleasant 
recollections  indeed  of  my  entrance  into  the  Edison  oamp  in  1891  at 
44  Broad  Street.  One  of  the  thingB  that  has  always  remained  promi¬ 
nently  ih  my  mind  is  the  kindly  attitude  whioh  you  assumed  towards 
me  in  the  old  days  when  I  was  very  much  of  a  greenhorn  and  of  this 
I  have  frequently  spoken  to  Mrs.  Lanman  and  many  of  my  friends  and 
associates;  I  have  also  told  you  this  before  but  there  is  no  reason 
why  I  should  not  tell  you  again,  because  I  have  alwayB  appreciated 
how  you  and  the  other  boys  at  Broad  Street  took  me  into  the  fold  and 
made  me  one  of  yourselves. 

While  I  have  not  for  some  years  been  sb  closely 
identified  with  Mr.  Edison  as  I  was  in  the  early  days,  at  the  same 
time  I  have  always  been  proud  to  be  known  aa  "an  old  EdiBon  man". 

In  calibrating,  as  I  shall  do  in  a  small  way,  thlB  25th  anniversary 
of  mine,  I  wishi  to  hang  up  in  my  library  at  home  a  good  reoent  photo¬ 
graph  of  Mr.  Edison.  Will  you  kindly  send  me  a  good  picture  of  him 
and  aBk  him  if  he  will  be  good  enough  to  attach  hiB  autograph  to  it. 

I  presume  you  have  on  hand  some  photographs  or  can  readily  obtain  one 

February  8,  1916. 


from  available  negatives.  If  you  are  put  to  any  expense  in  obtaining 
a  print  for  me  I  shall  like  to  have  the  privilege  of  reimbursing  you. 

I  have  just  received  my  copy  of  the  program  of 
the  Convention  of  the  Illuminating  Engineering  Society  to  he  heia 
in  Hew  fork  this  week,  and  if  possible  shall  attend  some  of  the  ses¬ 
sions.  I  hope  particularly  to  be  present  at  the  banquet  at  the 
Biltmore  on  Thursday  evening  and  shall  be  very  happy  if  we  can  get 
together  for  a  few  moments. 

Please  give  Mr.  Edison  my  warmest  regards  and 
tell  him  that  I  wish  him  all  sorts  of  happiness,  good  health  and 


Very  sincerely  yours. 

i'eb .  9th. 

1916 . 

,.:r .  ’.Villiem  ii.  Lanmon, 

IBB  Iroadv.ay , 

::ov.  York  City. 

!iy  dear  Sr.  lanman: 

I  am  greatly  pleased  to  receive  a  letter  from  you 
End  save  read  it  with  t  greet  deal  of  interest.  It  is  no  use 
talking,  t  emeus  does  fidget.  I  a:;,  be  tv:  on  tvo  stools,  *nd  don't 
Isov:  whether  to  nay  it  seems  li.:c-  yesterday,  or  to  tell  you  that 
ii  shems  like  fifth  years.  I  am  rather  is,  lined  to  the  latter, 
because  I  hive  grown  to  know  you  so  well,  and  to  esteem  your 

X  shall  do  very  greatly  pleased  to  get  you  a  nice 
picture  of  ;.:r.  Edison  <nd  have  him  autograph  it  for  you.  There 
till  not  be  tno  slightest  expense,  and  it  will  he  -  joy  and  a 
Plesure  to  ms  to  get  it  for  you.  fne  only  thing  I  must  ask  is 
that  you  have  a  little  patience,  as  ,’x.  Silicon  is  on  one  of  his 
campaigns,  and  I  cannot  get  his  attention  to  the  matter  for  a 
little  while  yet. 

1  hope  to  he  at  the  Banquet  of  the  Illuminating 
Engineering  foie  ty  tomorrow  night,  and  shall  look  forward  to 
the  pleasure  of  shaking  hands  with  you  and  einenaging  a  few 
greetings . 

Viith  kindest  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  vor„.  truly. 

Etched  Portraits 


Famous  Americans 

and  of 

Poets,  Authors  8#  Musicians 


Jacques  Reich 


Studio,  New  Dorp,  Staten  Island,  New  York 




1482  BROADWAY  at  43d  STREET 


New  York, - rebmnry  X4-, - 191 — 6- 

Lir.  VI.  H.  HLeadowcroft, 

C/o  Edison  Company, 

South  Orange,  E.  J. 

(v°c I 

Dear  Sir;- 

y.e  hope  you  will  find  it  convenient  to  have  us  send  an  operator 
out  to  make  the  photographs  of  Kr.  Edison  and  the  set  of  Encyclopaedia 
Britannica,  about  which  ttr.  Patton  of  that  company  spoke  to  you 
some  time  ago.  Vie  know  that  Br.  Edison  is  very  busy,  and  you 
stated  that  you  thought  after  the  holidays  he  might  find  time  to 
have  the  pictures  made. 

Yery  truly 




3  A.  Edison,  Perse 
1  Labratory, 

I  hav-’  received  notice  that  I  s*j-  a  Pr^z®, ^”5“ 

:  Diamond  Disc  Advertising  Contest  ana  I  ./is.i  \ 

>s  my  gratitude  direct  to  you.  \ 

I  ,vas  until  the  first  of  the  ye^  connected j;ith  l 
and  future  prospects  are  j 
ent  indeed.  I 

T4.  „rI,„i-t^nt  I  would  appreciate  a  signed  paotc/- 
to  Place  above  my  desk  in  my  Dictating  Machine  De^on- 

Yfith  greeting! 
i  yourself  desire, 

Mr.  William  H.  Meadowcroft, 
Orange,  11.  J. 


1 9ac,C* 

lj  OU\- 


■f-H . 


j\Coi <'<■  ICJ  f  set'  l  l  fit 


^  ■*-'-*  a— V—  ^ 

^CHu.  &=**—•  _  .  / 

/  7  /cu  <J>  *4  sL-^nX-j*. 

n^  k9  o.^L  ^4  ^  ^7^— 

^  V*vt  <QJ~ 

><r£^~  ^  f. 

£Lj-  ‘/C2  4-cML.  tfpAr-A^.  iT  Z/~~  jr  ’ 

y^o^(/  ic& 

<2.  <^*-o-£4L  'J^-G^^AJi.  ^^~V“ 
^tC-oJ~  ^4-«r2«7  £2o —  'ZjLttj-  <£jl.  Co_-u<_^ 

^4  L^rJ.^t  Ci-~.~<A  o-^Ot-C 
&-^-<=y^-*k.L^-  <3.  ry^JL-icJi 

"l+rUa~^L.  ^  ztx^ 

-crjXr  o-Lrvc-  A-  £ 

^  \u-£l/^  zv/~ 

(ji>^4-  Qic<.  £c4ju^.^  /*-? 

C^-MnOy  C?  Ury-vtX*(  ^ 

^  Kctir*L4n> ;_  ^  V  — " 

')n~  ^  n 

WILUAM  13.  SliAW 




.  %zji 

^  W'UjJL  £~~< 

A>*  £-~*~  ^  3£rf~  zc-  ~Au 

^  jX-y  oaL*'-  ./-*^C X~*«AtL  tr-C  '/f  ^ 

t  \^c^t  t.'.  -TZ  -, 

j^c/U, ,  J  y,  ;S*y 

Icr-dcA  d>  £. — e.  ,oJ~  jUsy*-^L  J.  _  " 

0)^  CJ  oj_  ^JL^.  £./(lc±Jl  i~  yU_ 

c3-  yLrc.  '£v 



u^-Jtzz  -v  y 


'/  tN  »ft*JCn>.  Dr  Ur 

He  mac.Ao  ^ty  -  “e 

0-lirnc.  tfU«.|C  <w3  tj  iu-cUlZc.  «xc  “,vt 

lUtti  fu.«po  (C  e^cCf.  /^u.. 

? )  \c.aJrOvJt'-  ‘'I'l— 


)YfLU  Am.  E  .SHAW 



WublL'hc.1  by  /At'  /«■•>.>  o/:U,c 
UmiHTSttl)  III*  Ulnmlu'iftiV'.  Ifmilmiti 

RK  March  18,  1316. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:  Attention  of 

V/9  are  in  receipt  of  your  favour  of 
Mr.  Y/illiam  Patten,  advising  that  you  hav 
Encyclopaedia  Britannica,  for  which  pleae 

Mr.  Meadoworoft. 
Maroh  16th  addresse 
ve  returned  the  set 
se  accept  our  thanks 

Yours  truly,  _  .  '' 






fry  J)ic(lC 


Mar  oil  29th. 

II.  .  Johns-Manvillo  Co., 

2S 9  Halsey  street, 
liewark,  ii.J. 


Your  letter  of  the  18th  i.etant  to  the 
.-.dison  Cueraieai  '..oris ,  v.ith  photorraph  of  Mr. 
lid  icon’s  chemical  plant  at  .  ilvcr  ..ale  hao  been 
handed  to  me.  Mr.  Edison  is  in  Florida,  he 
haE  por.c  for  a  few  weeks  vacation,  and  v.e  snail 
have  to  communicate  with  him  in  regard  to  your 
request . 

1  fear  you  are  going  to  be  disappointed, 
as  ,.,r.  Edison  nae  uithorto  refusod  r op.J. lively  to 
permit  the  r.iblication  of  any  photorramc  of  his 
chemical  works.  However,  X  will  send  down  your 
letter  and  the  ruotograrh  to  him  .no  see  vhst  he  very  truly , 

assistant  to .  Edison. 

says . 

Jacques  Reich  *1 1,6 

New  'Dorp ,  Staten  Island 
Ne  w  Tori 


April  8, 


Mr.  VJm.  H.  Meadowcrof t , 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Meadowcrof t: 

I  wish  to  thank  you  for  the  photograph  of 
Mr.  Edison  which  you  sent  me,  and  which  I  received  a 
day  or  so  ago. 

I  note  from  your  letter  that  Hro•  Edison 
is  now  in  Florida  and  is  not  expected  back  until  some 
time  next  month.  X  shall  bear  this  in  mind,  and  write 
you  again  about  May  15th,  when  I  hope  that  it  will  be 
possible  to  arrange  for  an  interview. 

Yours  very  truly, 

A  aril  ISth .  19X6. 

H.  ...  Johns-Manville  Co., 

239  Halsey  Street, 

Newark,  li .  J.  attention  of  Mr.  V..  J.  Osborn 

Gentlemen : 

Replying  to  your  favor  of  the  11th  instunt,  let 
me  ask  whether  it  would  not  be  satisfactory  to  you  to  wait 
until  Hr.  Edison  returns  from  Florida.  It  is  our  constant 
study  to  eliminate  every  item  possible  from  his  mail,  and 
unless  there  Is  extreme  urgency  in  this  case,  I  shall  bo 
very  reluctant  to  ask  his  attention  to  the  matter .  I  ex¬ 
pect  him  to  roturn  within  the  next  two  or  three  weeks,  so 
the  delay  is  not  a  great  one.  In  the  meantime,  you  might 
sebd  me  a  copy  of  the  photograph  of  the  Phonograph  berks. 

I  moan,  of  course,  the  photograph  that  you  wish  to  use. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Hr.  Edison, 

Hay  2nd.  1916. 

H.  V,.  Johns -Manvillo  Co., 

239  Halsey  Street, 

Hewark,  H.  j.  Attention  of  Jar.  Osborn, 

hoar  Sir: 

Eeferring  again  to  your  favor  of  the 
11th  ultimo.  Hr.  Edison  wishes  mo  to  state  that 
ho  has  no  objection  to  your  using  the  photo¬ 
graph  that  you  have  of  the  phonograph  works . 

He  still  adheres  to  his  decision  that 
he  objects  to  you  using  the  photograph  of  the 
Edison  Chemical  Works. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison. 


May  15,  1916. 

Hr .  XI.  H.  Headoworoft,  Asst., 
o/o  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,  IT .  J . 

I!y  dear  Sir: 

In  aooordanoe  with  your  let¬ 
ter  of  March  27th,  may  I  ask  you  if  you 
will  he  good  enough  to  bring  my  letter 
of  March  24th  to  the  attention  of  Hr. 

Very  truly. 


I  o/spft 


l.Sarch  24, <.1916., 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

East  Orange,  N.  .T. 
My  dear  Hr.  Edison: 

1  am  writing  to  ask  if  you  will  pre¬ 
sent  to  the  Dean's  office  of  the  To-'ne  Scientific  School 
of  the  University  of  Pennsylvania,  a  photograph  of  your¬ 
self,  hearing  your  signature. 

I  feel  that  it  would  he  especially  appro¬ 
priate  for  the  School  to  possess  such  a  photograph,  and 
I  am  ipiite  certain  that  it  would  he  greatly  appreciated 
should  you  consent  to  present  it,  and  I  hope  very  much 

thut  you  may  fuel  disposed  to  do  so. 

Incidentally,  I  am  endeavoring  to  complete 
the  collection  of  photographs  and  autographs  of  the  Ero- 
fessors  who  have  been  at  the  head  of  the  various  Depart¬ 
ments  of  the  School,  and  I  find  that  I  have  none  of  the 
late  Professor  Marks,  who,  I  understand,  was  a  personal 
friend  of  yours.  I  venture,  therefore,  to  ask  if  you 
can  tell  me  through  whom  I  could  secure  a  photograph  of 
him  and  his  signature. 

Very  truly, 

l,tr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 


New  Jersey. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

You  remember ,  you  consented 
to  be  one  of  our  Advisory  Committee  upon  invi¬ 
tation  of  our  Board  through  Mr.  Byllesby? 

Our  campaign  is  now  nearing  a  successful  con¬ 
clusion,  and  we  have  decided  to  place  upon  the 
walls  of  our  office  autographed  photographs  of 
a  number  of  our  most  valued  friends.  We  should 
be  delighted  to  have  a  photograph  of  you  to 
place  alongside  of  one  of  our  very  good  friends, 
Mr.  James  J.  Hill. 

Your  name  has  been  a  great 
help  and  inspiration,  and  1  wish  personally  to 
thank  you  for  being  one  of  us. 

Sincerely  yours, 



May  24,  1916. 

MT.  W.  H.  Meadoworoft, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Sir: 

I  beg  to  acknowledge,  with  thanks,  the 
reoeipt  of  your  letter  of  May  23rd,  and  also  of  the 
photograph  of  Mr.  Edison. 

Kindly  convey  to  Hr.  Edison  ray  warmest 
thanks  for  his  courtesy  in  presenting  to  the  Towne  Scien¬ 
tific  School  his  signed  photograph,  and  assure  him  that 
the  same  will  be  very  much  appreciated. 

Thanking  you  for  your  ooxirtesy  in  the  mat- 

Yery  truly, 

,/U  Q/jui  *■  - 

v  or 

ter,  I  am, 


H.1K  ^okas-Maarffle  Go, 

T. !3S",  Kxuontlvu  Oiriomtl  TK§  CABLE  ADDRESS  MaKSft* 


■ss  ,M®*  e, 

H  'sewete.V*  ESTABLISHED  IBSB  oanvilleC 

Madison  Avenue  iv-Msi.Slrcol 

NewYorlt.  May  27,  1916. 

Orange,  New  Jersey 

Dear  Sir:  Attention  of  Mr.  Meadoworoft. 

We  have  had  a  little  correspondence  with  yon  in 
regard  to  using  an  illustration  of  the  phonograph  works 
in  one  of  our  catalogs.  Your  letters  on  this  subject 
were  dated  April  12th  and  May  2nd. 

It  was  agreeable  to  you  that  we  use  pictures  of 
the  phonograph  works,  but  not  of  the  chemical  plant. 

In  this  connection  we  are  attaching  printed  proofs  of  the 
catalog  pages  and  in  order  there  will  be  no  possible  mis¬ 
understanding,  we  would  thank  you  to  look  over  the  two 
illustrations  which  are  attached  and  let  us  know  whether 
or  not  these  are  the  phonograph  works  as  we  believe  them 
to  be. 

In  view  of  your  permission  to  allow  us 
picture  of  the  phonagraph  works,  but  not  of  the 
plant,  we  are  specially  anxious  that  there  by  r 
standing  on  this  point. 

We  would  appreciate  it  very  much  if  you  would  be 
kind  .enough  to  pass  on  these  illustrations  Monday  and  re¬ 
turn  them  to  us  with  your  reply,  as  we  are  already  to  go 
to  press  as  soon  as  this  point  is  settled.  You  will 
understand  of  course  that  these  are  just  rough  printed 
proofs  and  that  the  plant  will  show  up  much  clearer  and 
better  in  the  actual  printing. 

Yours  very  truly, 

While  all  industrial  people  over  he: 

general  way  with  at  least  some  of  the  many  phases  of  your  wort, 
hardly  any  can  form  a  conception  of  the  magnitude  of  the  operatic 
conducted  in  your  research  and  manufacturing  laboratories. 

i  write  to  ask  whether  you  would  care  to  furnish  me  wit 
any  particulars,  and  especially  photographs,  which  would  serve  th 
purpose  I  have  in  view. 

’  I  should  much  appreciate  any  assistance  you  feel  able  1 

give  me  in  this  matter. 

Yours  faithfully 

(9[j(^  (Y)  &  (-tswsvviq 
H .  I  .E . E .  Mem .  A .  I .  E .  E . 


i srf/'  £.i^a^^. 


<4.  <&. yh 

■  < 

<255^r  &tZ* *^~  '~, 



s,-  / 

•€&**  m>es<, 



y ■rfz^*4£rze>c.  -^et^L  c^4-  Z&rt^eU*:  '?U<r2&&~  *?£■  '£a*£&Zy 

a^Z&*,  ^yZ^rZZ  &6U2&&XZ  ^Z^yu  &M>64Zcst-  -  '&&yyf  yZ~ 

Z^z.yL^  &  **+**^.-  Jfa.jfar, 

e^r ay^^^C^..  &L 

(%i&u&4~  /& &Z&&Z  y^x^^}>2c.  -<ss ty~z£j^<i 


Wm .  H.  lieudow  croft 

fj  Tbowias  A.  Edison  Laboratories 

Orange,  N.  J, 

My  Dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft;- 

7/35/16  \^jy 

J  yY 

*  of 

I  have  a  favor  to  ask  of  you — 

The  old  soldiers  of  Waterloo,  Iowa, 
have  an  unusually  active  G.  A.  R.  Post  there  considering  the 
fact  that  the  Boys  in  Blue  are  getting  pretty  old. 

The  City  of  Waterloo,  and  the  various 
organizations  that  are  affiliated  with  the  G.  A.  R.  between  them 
provided  the  Old  Soldiers  with  what  is  known  as  a  G.  A.  R. 

Memorial  Hall.  The  City  furnished  the  plott  of  ground  ana  the 
building  was  raised  by  subscription. 

It  is  a  beautiful  little  plant  and 
not  long  ago  Mr.  Edison  in  the  goodness  of  his  heart  sav7  fit  to 
agree  to  write  them  his  t>ereone-l  cheok  for  about  *>35.00  or  «50.00 
V.I  have  forgotten  whioh>to  apply  on  an  Edison  Disc  Phonograph  which 
they  bought  and  for  which  local  friends  had  made  up  the  money  to 

I  was  in  Waterloo,  last  week  and  of 
oo’irse  made  it  a  point  to  call  on  these  old  Soldiers  to  see  ho v  they 
were  pleased  with  their  instrument  and  to  favor  myself  by  seeing 
their  plant. 

I  cannot  begin  to  tell  you  of  the  warm 
spot  that  Mr.  Edison  holds  in  all  of  their  hearts  beoause  of  his 
genorosity,  andtee  wish  was  expressed  to  me  by  one  of  -the  "boys" 
that  they  wished  very  much  to  have  an  autographed  portrait  of  Mr. 
Edison  and  I  made  a  mental  note  to  see  if  I  could  not  seoure  it 
through  you  for  them. 

This  G.  A.  R.  Memorial  Hall  is  devoted 
to  things  military,  but  they  told  me  that  if  they  oould  get  a  picture 

of  Mr.  Edison,  that  it  would  occupy  a  place  of  honor  on  their 

Do  you  suppose  that  you  could  arrange  for  me,  to  have  such 
a  pioture  supplied,  and  have  him  inscribe  with  his  o wn  hand  about 
the  following — ■?  _  ’  •  . 

"To  the  Boys  in  Blue  of  Waterloo,  with  greetings  from  h 
^Thomas  A.  Edison"  ,  ^ 

This  certain!^  would  be  appreciated  by  me  as  a  personal 
favor.  /  j 

On  the  other  hand  if  you  feel  that  I  am  over  bold  in 
making  fhis  request  I  shall  deem  it  perfectly  proper  for  you  to  decline 
my  request  if  cir cuinatances  should  necessitate  your  doing  so. 

ply /own  kindest  personal  y 
/  Very  truly  y<^ 


e  S'  ^  \ 

q/  /  / 

\  \ 

S  ££  Cdb-tru^ 

Boat’d  of  Public  Education 

DALTON.  GA..  Sept.  28th.  1916  191 

The  Edison  Talking  Machine  Company 

Gentlemen; - 

«*!.«.  *>«.*. SMiirr.i.foi'SSSiM 

A. Edison  to  hang  in  the  od  deal  0f  painB  to  nicely  deoo- 

whieh  the  ladies  are  taking^  ^s^iring  portrait  for  the 

600Sohildre!i  to  learn  to  knowand^to  ^“"^^greltly  appreciate 
can  put  us  in  the  way  °  s®  fn  a  nuraher  of  your  agencies  just 
S  Kw  a  portrLKar^u  d  like -  """ 
would  frame  it  properly  and  hang  in  our  hall  01  iw 


Jen*'*  ro  ^ 

Yours  very  truly 

Chairman  Board  Public  Education 
0  City  of  Baiton  Ga 


October  5,  1916, 

Mr.  luder: 

Willyou  please  let  me  have  one  of  the  group 
pictures  of  the  U.  S.  llilitary  Telegraph  Corps.  This 
is  the  small  group.  You  will  note  Mr.  Edison  says  this 
gentleman  can  have  one. 


October  13, 


Mr.  Albort  ...  Orton, 

home,  iiow  York. 

Dear  Hr.  Orton: 

I  h*?ve  i-ocelved  your  note  of  the 
1st  instant,  and  in  glad  to  comply  with  your  re¬ 
quest  by  sending  you  a  copy  of  the  group  photo¬ 
graph  ox  .ho  3.  S.  Military  telegraphers . 

I  aa  glad  that  we  have  gotten  an  oppor¬ 
tunity  of  photographing  this  group. 

Shanking  you  for  your  good  wishes  for 
myself  and  wife.  She  are  heartily  reciprocated. 

Yours  Tory  truly. 

The  Western  Union  Telegraph  Company 


\  if  or#  ^  Washington.  D.C..  ' 

\  \r  i  K  v 

fhos.  A.  Edison  Esq,  \  L*/ 

'  "  yf*> 



East  Orange,  IT.J.X 
Bear  sir:- 

On  the  occasion  of  the.  meeting  of  the  "Oia  Eimers"  at  your 
place,  X  was  fortunate  to  be\  present  as  one  of  the  "Old  Military  Boys", 
from  Washington,  and  was  mo r^ fortunate,  which  I  appreoeiated  to  the 
fullest  extent,  in  being  in  a  group  pioture  with  yourself. 

I  have  been  wondering  if  i\t  was  possible  for  me  to  obtain  a  copy  c 
that  picture  taken  by  your  photographer.  I  would  consider  it  a  very 
great  favor  if  you  would  try  ta  obtain  a  copy  and  mail  it  to  me. 

I  remain, 

Very  sincerely^ yours, 

Rome  Box  and  Lumber  Company  , 




.  Thomas  A.  lidis' 
Orange,  IT..T. 
w  Mr.  Kdi son :  - 


I  wish  to  thanh  you  for  the  photograph  of  the  Old  Elmers 
arfi  U.S.  Military  Teleprapher  Operators  which  yon  seat  ne  anci  which 
co  pood  to  no.  If  yen  Vnew  how  much  I  will  prise  it  you  would  he  repaid 
for  your  interest  and  the  letter  you  sent  ploased  no  very  much. 

X  believe  we. agree  on  a  pood  many  things.  T/e  night  differ 
on  our  politics  this  fall  hut  I  don't  want  t,  argue  this  for  we  are 
always  to  ho  good  frfcdmds  and  Comrades. 

Ver/trul y  yours 

October  20,  19X6. 

Mr.  B.  tv.  Bender,  c/o 

V.estern  Union  '.Telegraph  Co., 
Washington,  D.  C. 

Dear  sir 

Beplying  to  your  favor  of  the  16th  instant, 
let  me  say  that  there  were  two  group  pictures  taken 
of  the  "Old  'i’imorc"  on  the  occasion  of  their  visit  to 
ray  Laboratory  recently.  One  was  of  tho  entire  party, 
ana  the  other  was  a  smaller  group  of  the  'Old  Military 

Chase  photographs  were  made  by  Underwood  & 
Onder-weoa,  hotographorn,  417  Ififth  Ave.,  I  Jew  York  City, 
li.Y.  I  think  that  the;  would  be  ablo  to  euprly  you 
gro’1  ^  co^  photograph  of  either  0110  of  the  Lie 

Yourc  v  r;  truly* 

of  the  Plaza  Hotel,  Max  Thomsen,  who  had  the  pleasure  of  making 
your  acquaintance,  and  .alBO  had  the  honor  of  looking  after  your 
accommodations  for  your  last  European  trip,  when  we  met  in  Paris 
at  the  Majestic  Hotel.  On  /our  return  from  the  trip  you  were 
kind  enough  to  present  me  with  one  of  your  autograph  photographs , 
which  I  still  have  in  my  possession  and  hold  in  very  high  esteem. 

A  close  friend  of  mine  here  in  Ohicago,  Mr.  Herman 
Hahn,  President  of  a  large  commission  house,  has  hegged  me  to 
writeto  you  to  present  his  son  who  is  a  civil  engineer,  hy  the 
name  of  Herbert  Hahn,  with  one  of  your  autograph  photos.  His 
father  tells  me  that  this  is  his  life  ambition,  and  his  father 
ia  very  anxious  to  help  the  boy  realize  this  ambition  as  Christmas 
is  now  approaching . 

I  told  him  that  I  would  ask  you  to  do  so,  and  that 
I  was  quite  positive  you  would  grant  his  revest,  which  will  be 

highly  appreciated  by  all  of  ub. 

j  „  tor.  in  Ohio.,0  to  toll.  »  Hotel  on  tto  rtpU 

of  tto  Plto.,  fork,  .idol.  1.  to  t»  Wonted  in  .  ~.t  .pot 

on  the  lake  front,  and  a  special  feature  will  he  an  up-to-date 
electric  grill,  as  I  have  a  very  good  friend  employed  in  the 
Commonwealth  Edison  Company  who  has  promised  to  assist  me  with 
this  feature.  The  hotel  will  he  opened  about  September  1st,  1917, 
and  I  will  take  the  liberty  of  Bending  you  Borne  literature  on  this 
beautiful  place  in  hopes  that  I  may  again  have  the  honor  of  your 
patronage  when  in  Chicago . 

WiBhing  you  and  Mrs.  Edison  A  Merry  Christmas  and 
Happy  Hew  Year,  I  beg  to  remain,  with  kindest  personal  regards 

YourB  very  sincerely,  ~ 

V.  S.  Mr.  Herbert  Hahn's  address  is  6739  Hewgard  Aye .,  Chicago . 
Should  you  prefer  mailing  the  photo  to  me,  kindly  send 
it  care  of  the  Kaiserhof  Hotel. 

hoc onbor 10,1 

Hr .  Max  Yhonson, 

c/o  Haitorhof  Ho  to  a, 
Chici.f-o,  Ill. 

Your  favor  of  tho  3  th  inetunt 
to  -  'r .  hdieon  van  rocoivod  and  I  broa  ht  it  to 
hie  attention  at  once.  Ho  hat  autocra:  .hod  a 
photo  for  .  x.  Horbort  Hahn,  in  accordance  .Tilth 
your  roeuoet,  and  I  an  nailing  it  to  you  under 
Be.  cover,  to  that  you  nay  have  the  oppor¬ 
tunity  of  laosontirv’  it. 

i.h‘ .  ~diton  it  ontrenely  busy  on  cono 
Gpocic.1  exnerlnon.i  and  Iv.e  ro-  net  tod  no  to  v.rito 
this  letter  for  hi... 

Ho  wishes  mo  to  ost;nd  In  hit  ochalf  hiB 
withes  to  you  for  a  Herry  Chris tra&B  and  &  Happy 
How  Yoor,  in  which  I  bop  to  bo  allowed  to  join. 

Yours  vary  truly. 

..eeltuvnt  to  .  r.  ..die on. 


Docombojj  27,1‘JlG 

, Ur .  Uax  Shomson, 

o/o  Xaisorhof  Hotel, 
Chicago,  Ill. 

note,  and  I  ho,.„  „„„  .. 
in  which  it  is  written 

writing  you  a  littlo  personal 
will  accept  it  in  the  spirit 

Ono  of  our  important  people  has  just  re¬ 
turned  from  Chicago,  and  told  no  that  ho  saw  Ur.  .  • 

Edison's  photograph  inscribod  to  you  standing  in  a 
placo  in  the  window  of  a  Cafe  among  a  lot  of'bottles 
o-1  liquor,  ote.  I  rather  think  that  you  may  not 

know  of  this,  as  I  an  sure  you  will  not  think  it  a 
dignified  place  for  a  photograph  of  Mr.  Edison  in¬ 
scribed  to  yourself,  and  I  thought  I  would  drop  you 
a  lino,  as  X  am  sure  you  would  not  caro  to  have  our 
pooplo  critlclso  it  in  Ur. .Edison's  personal  presence. 

I  remain, 

Wishing  you  the  Complinonts  of  the  Season, 

Yoursvory  truly, 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Automobile  (E-16-05) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  about  Edison's  personal  vehicles 
and  about  automobiles  in  general.  The  correspondents  include  chief  engineer 
Miller  Reese  Hutchison,  A.  William  Almquist  of  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 
and  Andrew  L.  Riker  of  the  Locomobile  Co.  of  America. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  items  consist  primarily  of  order  slips  for  parts. 

May  31, 


As  you  are  aware,  the  right  rear  wheel  of  your 
Simplex  oame  off  recently,  due  to  breaking  of  the  outside  hall 

Suoh  accidents  can  only  he  safeguarded  against 
hy  regular  inspection  of  your  oar,  at  which'  time  all  spring 
clips,  nuts,  wheel  hearings,  eto. ,  should  he  gone  over. 

Almquist  tells  me  that  he  requested  Mrs.  T’dison 
about  Dix  v.eeks  ago  that  she  send  the  oar  down  to  the  ..abor- 
atory  about  onoe  a  month  for  inspection,  hut  this  has  not 
boon  done,  heoause  the  oar  has  been  very  busy. 

A  locomotive  is  thoroughly  inspected  after  each 
250  mile3  service,  and  it  is  running  on  rails.  An  automobile 
should  be  inspected  at  least  onoe  a  month. 


Company  of  America 

Juno  16,  1916. 

3  ("v 

d  A-<£-  £-t~sLa.'  , 


^  kw  ■ 

rl-  y<7W^- 

-f^-vXc,  l  1  Uvve4-*-~ 


w  .__  ,5  i'vr<  pXc^  vua«v^.£&. 

Thomas  Edison.  . 

Orange,  Sew  Jersey, 
dear  Mr,  Edison:  J \jArot 

I  understand  that  yi 

the  purchase  of  a  Locomobile  Touring  Car  and 
thero  is  some  question  as  to  whether  our  1917  oar 
has  sufficient  clearance  for  your  needs.  If  you 
will  be  good  enough  to  advise  me  just  what  clear¬ 
ance  you  desire,  it  is  possible  we  may  be  able  to 
meet  your  wishes  in  this  respect. 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  reply,  I  am, 

Yours  very  truly, 

^  A  ^  • 

bT  l^goe-P^^dent.  p 



The  Greene  Motor  Gar  Go. 


NEWARK.  N.  J.,  June  21,1916 

Dear  Sir:- 

4  ^  f  cir 

I  fj.  -f*  JAm  p'-t?W<e 

I  beg  to  thank  you  for  your  order  for  a  locomobile  y 

Limoueine.  The  trim  of  this  cor  will  be  arranged  to  lire.  Edison’s  v' 
satisfaction  in  the  next  day  or  so.  / 

At  the  time  you  deoided  on  the  Limousine,  I  spoke  to  you 
about  making  a  comparison  of  the  Locomobile  olearanoe  and  your  Simplex 
clearance,  and  since  that  time  have  been  thinking  that  for  the  class 
of  travel  you  described  to  me,  and  over  the  roads  you  say  you  want  to 
use  the  car,  a  car  equipped  with  a  straight  axle,  giving  you  at  least 
17  inches  olearanoe  from  the  axle,  and  the  placing  of  blocks  of  about 
2-1/2  inches,  under  the  front  and  rear  springs,  would  give  the  fly¬ 
wheel  a  olearanoe  of  approximately  18  to  20  inchest  and  since  you  are 
fond  of  a  ohain  drive  oar  for  this  service,  1  would  suggest  that  the 
1911  Simplex  in  service  for  your  worksbe  considered  and  rebuilt  in 
this  way.  I  have  re-oonstruoted  many  oars  for  desert  and  mountain 
travel  in  the  South-West  and  throughout  Nevada  and  California  mining 
seotions  and  am  positive  that  with  the  above  arrangement,  ample  clearance 
would  bo  given  for  any  road  in  the  eastern  part  of  the  United  States. 

If  this  were  done,  and  we  could  interest  you  in  one  of 
our  seven-passenger  touring  oars  for  service  about  your  works,  we  would 
be  glad  to  handle  the  matter  of  the  reconstruction  of  the  Simplex,  as 
outlined,  if  you  care  to  take  care  of  the  expense  in  the  matter,  which 
I  would  estimate  roughly  to  amount  to  between  $1000.00  and  $1300.00. 

In  addition  to  the  above,  we  have  received  a  letter  from 
our  faotory,  giving  us  copy  of  the  letter  written  you  by  our  Mr.  Hiker, 
and  if  you  have  considered  our  oar  in  connection  with  your  service, 

I  imagine  Mr.  Hiker  would  be  glad  to  work  out  anything  within  reason 
for  you. 

If  you  care  to  make  an  appointment  when  I  can  see  you  and 
talk  the  matter  over,  I  will  be  very  glad  to  hear  from  you  and  meet  you 
at  any  hour  of  the  day  convenient. 

Thanking  you  kindly  for  your  order  and  hoping  to  hear  from 
n  the  above  matter,  I  am 

John  0.0 ale:, 


Simpuex  AxnoMOBim 


New  York. 

As  per  my  agreement ,  if 
you  find  that  the  clearance  of  your 
Simplex  touring  car  is  not  sufficient , 

I  will  block  up  the  springs  to  increase 
it.,  at  no  additional  charge. 

Yoiirs  very  truly, 

^7.  '2- 

for  John  G.  Dale. 

V/ffH*®  ‘ 

V  - 


July  28,  1916. 

Mr.  Edison: 

X  believe  the  following  report  will  be  < “L^q^Tioe 
to  von  re.  the  Ford  auto  that  was  overhauled  in  the  jord  Service 
Plant  in  Long  Island  City  two  weeks  ago. 

I  have  now  taken  the  engine  down,  and  find  it  has 
been  incorrectly  assembled,  and  two  cylinders  so  badly  burned 

as  ?o  make  ?hem  absolutely’ useless.  The  pases ,  vjhen  compressed, 

shoot  into  the  crankcase  due  to  the  scorching  of  t  „  .  , 

and  the  engine  cannot  be  started  when  it  is  warm. 

Wo  have  telephoned  to  the  Ford  Company,  requesting 
that  they  send  an  inspector  here  to  witness  the  overhauling 
job  done  by  their  company  at  a  cost  of  §lib.9,i. 

This  car  has  been  run  24000  miles  in  one  year, 
which  you  realize  is  rather  unusual  for  any  car. 

This  car  was  taken  out  of  my  hands  and  used  in 
Silver  Lake,  and  has  not  been-  in  the  company's  garap-e  day  or 
night  for  more  than  five  months. 

The  attached  correspondence  regarding  this  car 
will  be  of  interest.  Please  return  same  for  my  files,  alter 
you  have  finished  with  it. 





A.  a*.'  Hiker, 

Locomobile  Co.  of  America, 
Bridgeport,  Conn. 

Dear  Sir: 

This  is  to  confirm  night  letter  cent  you  By 

Dr.  Hutchison,  via  Uoatorn  Union  last  evening: 



Che  above  is,  I  feel,  self -explanatory. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Aviation  [not  selected]  (E-16-06) 

This  folder  contains  unsolicited  correspondence  requesting  Edison's 
advice,  assistance,  or  opinion  on  matters  related  to  aviation.  The 
correspondents  consist  of  aviators,  inventors,  enthusiasts,  and  journalists. 
Some  of  the  items  pertain  to  Edison's  role  on  the  Naval  Consulting  Board. 
None  of  the  letters  received  a  substantive  reply.  Many  bear  a  notation 
indicating  that  a  form  letter  was  sent  in  response,  stating  that  Edison  did  not 
consider  the  inventions  of  others. 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1916.  Bates  Numbering  Machine  [not  selected]  (E-16-07) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  with  F.  H.  Stanard,  a  traveling 
repairman  who  offered  Edison  his  ideas  on  improving  the  Bates  "7-movement" 
numbering  machine  manufactured  by  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  There  are  also 
interoffice  communications  among  sales  manger  F.  A.  Burnham,  assistant 
chief  engineer  John  P.  Constable,  and  vice  president  Carl  H.  Wilson  regarding 
their  decision  not  to  pursue  Stanard's  proposition. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Battery,  Storage  -  General  (E-16-08) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
technical  and  commercial  development  of  Edison’s  alkaline  storage  battery  in 
the  United  States  and  abroad.  Among  the  documents  for  1916  are  numerous 
testimonial  letters,  which  Edison  solicited  from  customers  after  an  explosion 
aboard  an  E-2  submarine  in  the  Brooklyn  Navy  Yard  in  January  raised 
questions  concerning  the  safety  of  Edison's  batteries.  Related  documents  can 
be  found  in  E-16-22  (E-2  Explosion). 

Also  included  are  items  pertaining  to  negotiations  with  Vickers,  Ltd., 
concerning  British  manufacturing  rights.  The  correspondents  include  Edison’s 
chief  engineer,  Miller  Reese  Hutchison;  longtime  Edison  associate  Samuel 
Insull;  John  F.  Monnot  of  Edison  Accumulators,  Ltd.;  and  mathematician  and 
electrical  engineer  Charles  P.  Steinmetz. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
material  not  selected  consists  primarily  of  letters  of  transmittal  and 
acknowledgment  and  unsolicited  correspondence  that  received  no  substantive 
response  from  Edison. 

January  7  /  ISl&i*. 

1  thJ’ 

in  our  Physical!,  phooratory  exploded, about  a  week 
ago.  S&s 

y^T,,  ....  vL< -  v  Che  battery /‘7T"<i. 

U/C4A^I  l*»*. 

If  the  plates  *" 

C'VJlL  '  1a_^ 

allSlppe prance 3  the  cell  was  in 

during  the  charging  of  .the  bit1 

bi^Lv-tJ**  Wv 

burst  the  container  Pjd  bent  si 

very  badly. 

normal  condition  with  the  oxoepti^n^  of  tty;  f&ct 
that  the  1- 

rt.twVfJtSjfefeSr  -«.  M*.  f  ' 

r  of  an  eai-ly 

occurrence?  Iiay  I  ask  the  favor 

Yours  very  truly, 


m,  QjMsti, 

2nykn20  NX  834}>ni 

ex  Chisago  Ilia  Jan  24th  1916 

Urn  H  Meadowcroft 

Edison  Laboratory  Drange  H.J. 

Tell  Mr  Edison  I  will  bring  back  with  me  all 
data  and  prices  on  Jenny  motor  he  asked  Oenersl  Electric 
man  for  this  I  expect  to  see  Mr  Eord  tomorrow 
Df  G  Boa  • 

Ur.  Edison: 

I  am  non  ready  to  take  up  the  matter  of  the 
Walker  truck  representation,  for  selling  to  the  Government. 

1  su<r^e3t  that  you  dr  on  Ur.  Insull  n  note, 
at  your  convonienoe,  tolling  him  you  think  it  would  ho  a 
o-oo'd  plan.  We  can  do  it  under  the  name  of  J£r.  Uoran. 
v;ho  is  with  me  now,  and  lot  the  whole  transaction  ho  in 
his  namo  so  as  not  to  prejudice  us  by  the  truck  makers 
against  the  Edison  Battery  by  such  an  arrangement. 

I  v/ant  to  so  aggressively  after  this  work, 
and  am  taking  it  up  with  Ward  along  the  same  lines  ±or 
the  smaller  trucks. 

2ho  specifications  arc  being  written  at  toe 
present  time,  covering  the  electrical  trucks  for  the  Pos 
Office  Department,  and  I  want  to  nit  the  iron  while  it 
is  hot. 

1  would  write  the  letter  for  your  signature, 
ox copt  that  Ur.  Insull 's  connection  of  many  years  with 
yon  is  of  such  nature  as  to  render  it  bettor,  I  luink, 
for  you  to  word  it  in  your  own  lannuago. 


7  3 




The  following  figures  may  safely  be  taken  as  the  maximum  cost  of  all 
operating  items  except  drivers'  pay. 

The  figures  are  based  on  twenty-five  working  days,  per  month.  In 
many  lines  of  business  the  trucks  are  worked  for  more  days,  per  month, 
in  which  case  the  daily  cost  is  lower. 

The  average  mileage,  per  day,  as  given,  in  no  way  prevents  the  truck 
from  greatly  exceeding  this  mileage  on  certain  days. 

The  figures  include: 

GARAGE  space  including  ordinary  greasing  and  oiling}  a  fixed  item. 

BATTERY  SERVICE  which  is  on  a  mileage  basis  and  subject  to  variation 
only  as  the  charge  for  this  service  may  be  again  reduced  in  the  future. 

TIRES  as  guaranteed  by  maker,  which  is  about  20g  more  than  actual  “ 

MECHANICAL  MAINTENANCE  CONTRACT  which  takes  complete  care  of  the  mechan¬ 
ical  and  electrical  upkeep  of  the  truck,  labor  and  material  included. 

This  contract  is  for  a  fixed  sum,  per  year,  and  80<  of  saving  which 
should  be  made  is  returned  to  owner  and  driver. 

Where  upkeep  cost  exceeds  the  amount  of  contract,  the  owner  pays 
one  half  of  the  excess.  Such  an  excess  should  never  occur.  If  it  does, 
a  careful  investigation  is  required. 

Average  per  day.  750-lb.  1000-lb.  1-ton  3-ton  3$-ton  5-ton 

8  miles 
12  " 

20  » 

30  » 

40  " 

50  " 
































running  his  gas  truck  to  be  gasoline  and  oil  plus  some  tires  in  the 
distant  future,  this  increase  seems  a  very  serious  matter  and  m 
realitv  it  is  serious  enough.  But  the  cost  of  gasoline  is  not  the  only 
cost  of  running  a  truck  or  even  the  decisive  factor. 

Gasoline  Given  Away 

Would  Leave  the  Superior  Economy 
of  G.  V.  Electric  Trucks  Untouched 

The  real  cost  of  operating  commercial  vehicles  is  rapidly  be- 
line  known  to  business  men.  The  increasing  price  of  gasoline 

merely  emphasises  the  advantage 
omy.  Such  an  increase  does  not ' 
under  lower  prices  and  which  wo 

•  electric  in  point  of  econ- 
a  fact  already  proven  true 
ill  be  true  if  gasoline  were 




Founded  1845 

Published  by  Munn'£  Co.,  Inc.,  233  Broadway, 


if,  mechanical  anil  imlualrlaf 
'a  Journal,  II  la  In  a  poll- 
■e/upmcnla  hejure  then 

our  continental  positioi  anil  humonso  littoral 
mill  out'  Brent  foreign  eonnneree  entitle  ns  to. 

The  paper,  which  will  he  pnbhtfhcil  In  the  Sura.n- 
must  ot  January  20tli  null  February  Bill,  Is  recoin- 
intituled  to  every  one  who  would  ho  Informed  on  this 
I  problem  of  vital  national  Interest.  Indeed,  it  Is  the 
duty  of  every  American  citizen  to  acquaint  MniseUwItU 

The  Peril  of  the  Submarine 

io  submarine,  modern  warfare  has  reached  n 
in, ix  of  fright  fulness.  Not  only  Is  the  subma- 
ie  frightful  In  the  destruction  It  metes  out  to 
my,  but  in  the  horrible  death  It  Is  over  read.v  m 

relax  their  vlgHnnci."  It’ has  increased  the  dltllcultles 
of  navigation  tenfold  by  the  addition  of  a  third  dimen¬ 
sion  to  Its  direction  of  travel.  Stone  blind,  In  l»lt(,h 

a  droadmi'nght  and  send  It 
that  are  Indispensable  to  the 

no  dantter  of  leakage,  and  not  until  tat  mini 
vessel  is  tilled  with  water  to  a  level  of  several 
alKivo  the  top  of  the  blit  batteries  Is  there  any 
blllty  ot  forcliiB  salt  water  Into  them.  When  i 
marine  has  reached  as  serious  a  condition  as  th 
chances  of  the  crew  are  decidedly  hopeless,  ei 

. lo  Intending  to  eliminate  one  dnnitcr,  however,  .  p  £. 

tho  nickel-iron  battery  has  llitelisllled  another  danger.  yV  _ 
Fully  twice  an  much  hydroiten  Is  itlven  olt  by  tho  hill-  ^ 

sou  "buttery  as  bv  the  standard  lead  battery,  which  Is  . 
practically  universally  used.  Furthermore,  as  the  car¬ 
bonic  bus  In  tho  air  has  an  Injurious  effect  upon  tho  , 
caustic  electrolyte,  the  Individual  cells  of  the  battery  ; 
are  not  properly  ventilated.  This  results  In  the  forma¬ 
tion  of  an  explosive  mixture  ot  hydrogen  ami  oxygen  . 
gases  which  Is  always  coullned  In  the  cells.  j 

. . '-plosion  hi  tho  K-2  the  other  day  was  umlouiit- 

to  the  large  volumes  of  hydrogen  given  otr  by 
iiitiiocv  while  It  was  being  subjected  to 


...,ll  continuing  lls  hearings  and  h 
blame  for  tho  accident.  However, 
out  from  the  llmllngs  ot  the  ttoi 
tlmt  the  lilckel-lrou  l 
nothing  to  tho  safety 
element  of  danger  wl 
type  of  battery. 

while  adding  practically 
submarine,  Introduces  an 


^,,-rrefii  s-ro,zA& 

'  CuU.  ~  <&«r, 

.CovJss} ■  '--''a* 
Y.  V<3te$//Jfrv\  -  •  V.1 
iitc4v  ^Au-I  f'-  ^  dtk^) 
a  rtuZC vJL*{  /v  ^rAf' 

C  .#  ■:..  i/}.-;.  /£*  , 

IfaTCmfi  t\  'V* 

'  L\f)r 'f*  {  ■,  t-r)}*\ 

dTlrS'V  v  *</ ^j'7'i'V  — 

iuJ>^'  nrvyrVK 


jU  V^  Li<^i  cS-JLw'tt? 

ft-  uM,  V**** 

-Ci  JUl3<r 

’  —  ~  2 — / 



February  10,  1916. 

Mr.  Edison: 

I  have  been  giving  considerable  thought  to  the 
matter  of  our  relations  with  the  General  Electric  Company  and 
to  the  V.'estinghouse  Company,  and  wont  to  lay  the  following 
points  before  you  as  being  actual  facts  and  not  personal 

for  the  G 
ing  G.  E. 
to  time, 
for  Ediso 
might  be 
G.  E.  Co. 

1.  A  friend  of  ours,  said  to  the  General 
people,  not  long  ago,.  "Edison  is  doing  a  good  deal 
.  E.  by  using  nothing  but  G.  E.  apparatus  and  boost- 
to  the  extent  of  recommendations,  oto.  from  time 
On  the  other  hand,  the  G.  E.  Company  is  not  doing  much 
n  and  it  seems  to  mo  that  in  this  come  otion 

a* good  thing".  She  reply  was  "It  is  the  policy  of  the 
to  dukmome  for  an  enemy  as  to  winning  over  then  for 

a  friend  already  won". 

2.  V.'e  are  giving  considerable  business  to  the 
General  Electric  Company,  in  the  way  of  small  motors,  etc. 

As  a  matter  of  fact,  we  are  paying  about  five  percent  more 
for  these  goods  than  we  could  purchase  them  for  if  we 
laid  the  entire  matter  open  to  competition,  and  even  under 
such  conditions  finally  awardod  the  contract  to  the  General 

3,  While  Soorge  Westinghouso  v.'as  alive ,  the 
V.'estinghouse  Company  did  not  do  very  much  for  the  Edison 
Intorests.  But  now  that  George  TVestinghouse  is  dead,  and 
other  intorests  have  oomo  in,  tho  situation  is  entirely  re- 
versed.  As  a  matter  of  fact,  the  V.’estinghouse  Company  nas 
proven  itself  and  is  proving  itsolf  a  much  better  friend  to 
us  than  tho  General  Electric  Company.  i?or  instance,  the 
V.'estinghouse  Company  is  now  developing  an  industrial  baggage 
truck  etc.  for  use  about  industrial  plants.  Orders  came 
direot  from  Pittsbugh  to  the  Hew  York  end  of  the  line  to  come 
out  hero  and  take  the  matter  up  with  Edison  exclusively,  for 
use  of  the  Edison  Battery  and  no  other  battery  in  thaso 
baggage  trucks.  She  matter  i3  under  way  and  development  is 
proceeding  in  a  satisfactory  manner. 

4.  It  seems  to  be  the 
V.'estinghouse  men  that  the  V/estinghous 
go  into  the  manufacture  of  commercial 
there  are  distinctly  Edison  from  the 

concensus  of  opinion  among 
le  Company  ill,  intime, 
trucks.  All  their  engineers 
standpoint  of  the  Edison 


Storago  Battery.  They  aro  using  Edison  Batteries  exclusively 
in  their  mining  locomotives,  and  are  Boosting  the  name  and  the 
Battery  for  all  it  is  worth. 

5.  In  view  of  the  rank  deals  we  have  received  from 
the  hands  of  the  G.  E.  Company  in  times  past,  and  aro  now  re¬ 
ceiving,  and  in  view  of  the  fact  that  the  V.estinghouse  Oompany 
and  its  treatment  of  us  is  quite  the  antithesis  of  the  G.  E. 
Company,  do  you  think  it  fair  for  us  to  give  all  our  Business 
to  the  General  Electric  Company?  They  come  out  here,  make 
filial  protestations,  etc.  to  you,  and  then  turn  right  su.  are 
around.  Behind  your  Back,  and  act  quite  contrary. 

6.  I  quite  understand  your  feeling  toward  the  G.  E. 
Company  as  having  Been  the  company  which  you  started,  etc.. 

But  sometimes  oven  a  son  or  daughter  can  comport  himself 

or  herself  in  such  manner  as  to  entirely  alienate  the 
affections  of  the  parent.  It  appears  to  me  the  G.  E.  Company 
is  in  such  a  class. 

7.  Take,  for  instance,  the  matter  of  the  incandescent 
lamp  for  motion  picture  machines.  V.'e  loaned  the  Harris  on  Lamp 
Works  two  projecting  machines.  V/e  made  for  them  two  pieces 

of  film  for  testing  the  lamp  alongside  of  the  arc  lamp.  ”e 
gave  them  technical  advice  in  the  liete  of  motion  picture 
work.  They  norfect  an  incandescent  lamp  as  the  final  result 
of  the  original  request  made  By  us  for  the  incandescent  lamp 
for  the  Home  Kinotosoope,  years  ago.  V/hen  it  is  ready,  thoy 
tell  the  Power  Company  all  about  it,  and  the  Power  Company  is 
now  laying  out  a  lamp  house,  etc,  to  Be  ready  to  put  the 
apparatus  out  on  the  Powers  Machine.  It  sooms  to  mo  it  is  as 
little  as  the  G.  3.  Company  could  have  done  to  have  givsi  the 
Edison  Company  at  least  one  year's  exclusive  jiso  of  the 
inoandosoont  lamp  Before  letting  anybody  else  in  on  it.  You 
would  have  done  as  much  or  more  for  the  G.  E.  Company. 

0.  The  sooner  we  realise  the  fact  that  the  G.  E. 
Company  is  Being  operated  from  V/all  Street,  with  all  the 
cold  Blooded,  non-sontimental  actions  and  policy  of  wall 
Street,  the  Bettor  o^fv^lwill  Be. 

M.  ii.  HUTCHI30II. 

CU •  v  't&\  in r  '//v'-a/A 
'Yi'VYf  c\  (/  '  Yj  •  ■ 

c4i  - 



GenT,  Office  42-44-46  R-\ndoi,i>ii  St. 



Detroit  Fab .  35th., 

19  16. 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey 

Dear  Mr.  Edison::- 

Penlvin.g  to  your  communication  of  the 
23rd.,  we  desire  to  say  that  our  experience 
with  your  battery  iri  service  with  this 
connanv  has  been  such  that  it  completely 
substantiates  the  previous  experience  and 
recommendation  of  cur  engineer. 

The  unfortunate  experience  the  United 
States  Government  had  in  the  U.S.S.  R-3,  does 
not  necessarily  decide  the  merits  of  your 
battery.  This  statement  is  borne  out 

by  the  fact  that  ether  trouble  has  occurred 
recently  resulting  in  the  loss  of  life,  an 
example  of  which  bsinsc  the  submarine  which 
failed  to  return  to  the  surface,  resulting 
in  the  death  of  the  entire  crew.  The  writer 
has  in  mind  the  under-sea  boat  that  was 
sunk  in  the  Pacific  Ocean. 

Tie  commenced  using  your  battery  here 
in  an  experimental  car  some  two  years  ago. 

He  have  *since  than  added  to  cur  equipment 
from  time  to  time  until  at  the  present  time  we 
are  operating  some  thirty  setB  of  batteries. 

We  are  at  the  present  time  increasing  our 
equipment  and  will  in  the  course  of  a  few 
months  have  in  oueraticn  seventy-live  batteries. 
So  far,  vie  have  not  heard  of  anyone,  particular¬ 
ly  those  in  daily  contact  with  these  batteries, 
being  in  need  of  medical  aid  in  order  to  -restore 
them'  to  health.  He  believe  such  a  statement 
can  be  only  made  by  persons,  who  speak  of 
something  with  which  they  are  not  at  all 

Regarding  the  safety  of  the  operation 
of  the  two  different  types  of  battery,  we 
believe  that  no  doubt  exists  in  any  mind 
competent  to  judge  this  matter  that  the  menace 
of  operation  is  greater  with  the  lead  than 
with  your  alkaline  type  of  battery.  Further 
we  believe  this  statement  to  be  borne  out  by 

)]>!' w  (ht|axt  t  jAB &JMMM  G— 

TCTl.'T)UA\n?  TAXICABS  MAIN  5020 
1  tLbnlUKJ/  BAGGAGE  MAIN  5353 

Gen’l  Office  42-44-46  Randolph  St. 

Detroit  Feb.  25th., 

Ur.  Thomas  A. Edison. 

the  fact  that  wherever  intelligent  thought 
has  been  brought  to  bear  on  the  use  of 
storage  batteries,  it  has  resulted  in  the 
use  of  the  Edison  Battery. 

That  the  lead  battery  interests  are  leaving 
no  stone  unturned  to  discredit  the  Edison 
Storage  Battery  seems  very  logical  to  me. 

It  is' only  necessary  to  review  the  history 
of  the  lead  batterv  for  the  last  fifteen  years 
to  realize  that  up  to  the  time  that  it  was 
possible  for  these  people  to  install  their 
battery  on  gasoline  cars  for  intermittent  and 
temporary  service,  they  had  made  practically 
an  absolute  failure  cf  any  and  all  commercial 
applications.  Because  they  can  3ee  their 

early  elimination  from  a  field  in  which  they  have 
sunk  millions  by  a  superior  product,  induces 
them  to  put  up  a  fight  by  fair  means,  or  foul 
to  exist.  I  have  nc  hesitancy  in  saying 
that  if  this  matter  is  sifted  to  the bottom 
by  an  unbiased  body  of  men,  competent  to  judge, 
that  ycu  will  come  out  with  flying  colors. 

Proof  of  all  our  contentions  and  statements 
is  the  fact  that  we  are  making  a  success  . 

9lectric  car  business,  and  attribute  -he  greatest 
share  cf  this  favorable  shewing  tc  the  performanc 
cf  your  battery. 

If  you  care  to  use  any  of  the  -above  statement 
for  repetition,  or  otherwise,  you  are  at  liberty 

Sincerely  ycurs, 


EDISON  ST  0  until:  II 

Complete  Steamship  Plan 

Ytfch*t  and  Power  Boat 
1  Equipment. 

Search  Light,  Storage  Bot- 

Prlvate  and  Municipal  Light- 
All  kinds  of  Alter. 

Direct  ci 

Sngmmwg  QIo. 



1S3  Liberty  Street 


New  Yo^  FG"rUary  38  ’  19^- 

^  / 

Mr.  Thomas  A. 'Edison,  .... 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  trust  you  will  pardon  our  delay? in  answering  y°»r 
+inn  n-f  the  23rd  inst.  regarding  your  Storage  Batteries,  as  the  facts  uhi.n 
we  are  Eoing  to  Bring  to  four  at tent ion. happened  some  years  afo,anlwe 
wished  fo  tike  a  little  time  to  refresh  our  memory  regarding  details,  Before 
writing  you. 

First  we  mi°ht  say  that  we  have  purohnsed,  installed  and  operat- 

-sss  srJz  5S  “M  as/svif  *. 

handle  your  Battery  in  July  1910. 

y/e  might  also  state  that  from  the  Beginning  of  the  use  of  Lead 

spaoe  for  necessary  up-keep  and  a  SMjility  of  providing  proper  space 

and  Owners  have  never  realized  the  advisability  F  in  positions  which 


SaSel  by  the  ..plosion  or  Storege  Bstt.ry  gsses.  In  JTAS  ^ 

aSSTSSSSs.”.'.!:  -  -  ~™ 

ss  aSJSrSS«3.5ffiSS 

a  Lead  Storage  Battery. 

We  might  mention  one  instance  of  the  Schooner  Yacht  "Atlantic", 

Thos.  A.  Edison. 


which  had  a  set  of  Gould  Batteries  originally  installed  in  a  compartment 
underneath  the  owner's  state  room.  Due  to  their  being  a  very  slight  leak 
.  in  one  of  the  hard  rubber  jars,  a  ground  was  formed  and  before  long  the 
cell  was  empty,  the  acid  being  held  in  a  pocket  next  to  the  hull  and  before 
this  was  had  almost  eaten  through  the  plating  of  the  vessel. 

Shi.  accident  together  with  the  ruining  of  the  carpets  in  the  room  above 
from  the  gases,  made  it  necessary  to  move  the  3attery  to  another  part  of  the 

The  writer  personally  had  a  rather  unpleasant  experience  with 
this  same  Battery,  when  he  happened  to  be  on  board  of  the  Yacht  looking  at 
the  damage  done  by  this  accident,  when  the  Assistant  Engineer  accidently 
touched  the  terminal  post  with  a  portable  light,  making  a  short  circuit 
which  caused  three  of  the  cells  to  blow,  with  the  result  that  besides  the 
damage  to  the  cells,  the  writers  as  well  as  tne  Engineers  clothes  were 

Of  course,  it  is  needless  to  say  that  with  your  Battery  none  of 
the  conditions  mentioned  above  could  have  existed.  As  for  the  comparative 
danger  from  gLes  between  your  battery  and  the  various  lead  types  we  will 
Bitfthe following  instances,  which  will  give  you  a  fair  idea  of  the 
experiences  which  we  have  had  in  connection  with  this  point, 

Some  few  years  ago,  Mr.  ffm.  K.  Vanderbilt, had  on  board  his 
Steam  Yacht  "Tarantula"  between  thirty  and  fourty  oells  of  type  E-15 
Chloride  Accumulator.  They  were  located  beneath  the  galley  floor  in  a  oom- 
paitment  that  was  not  properly  ventilated,  although  the  ^°°r.”a®n?^i^o 
over  the  Battery.  The  Assistant  Engineer  raised  a  trap  door  t o  go  down  into 
this  compartment ,  when  there  was  a  terrific  exp! oBion  which  sent  him  to  the 
Hospital  for  a  number  of  weeks  and  wrecked  that  part  of  the  boat. 

installed  in’S/IXeVfS  £&“..*  S.TS  !\°3S  Ig*** 

through  the  deck.  Fortunately  no  one  was  hurt. 

A  year  ago  this  last  summer,  the  200  ft.  Steam  Yacht  "Oolonia", 
owned  by  Mr.  Albert  Smith  of  the  Vitagraph  Co.,  had  an  explosion  which  was 

Ac dumul at o r , whi lb  that  on  the  Cristina  consisted  of  100  cell  of  type  A  o 
Edison  Battery. 

The  writer  personally  saw  the  Colonia  as  well  as  the  Cristina 
very  ^07  «go«Jon.  LjJSi^ifS^BatSry  was 

of^oonsiderably^les^than  one-half  the  size  of  the  Edison  Battery.  There  whs 
no  ventilation  on  either  one  of  these  boats. 


the  floor  into  the  open  lead  cells.  As  soon  as  the  Chief  Engineer  noticed 
that  there  was  trouble  with  the  lights,  he  entered  the  battery  compartment 
and  was  almost  over-come  with  Chlorine  gas  before  he  could  get  out.  This  of 
course  is  a  condition  that  would  very  rarely  happen  on  board  of  a  private 
yabht , ' and  could  not,  if  their  plumbing  system  had  been  in  proper  shape. 

It  is  our  personal  opinion  taken  from  our  experience  and 
observation  that  all  of  our  customers  believe  that  the  Edison  Battery  is 
a  safer  less  troublesome  and  more  satisfactory  Battery  for  our  class  of 
work  ^han  any  type  of  Lead  Battery.  We  have  installed  between  eleven 
Thousand  and  twelve  thousand  cells  of  your  Battery  fo r  > narine  purpose a  and 
we  can  state  that  to  the  best  of  our  knowledge  there  is  not  a.  dissatisfied 
amonp-  this  number.  More  than  one-half  of  these  cells  have  been  sold 
to  men  who  have  been  dissatisfied  users  of  any  one  of  six  different  makes 
of  Lead  Battery. 

We  trust  the  information  which  we  have  given  you  will  be  of 
service  to  you  aOd  we  will  be  glad  to  help  you  in  any  way  we  can  at  any  time 
in  this  connection,  as  we  have  tried  out  your  Battery  from  every  angle  in 
connection  wUh  our  particular  line  of  business  and  it  meets  our  require- 
ments  in  a  most  satisfactory  way* 

Yours  very  truly, 

The  SMIM7}$j2SP  EHG/ 


February  38,  1916. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.., 

Care  Edison’s  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  have  your  letter  of  the  33rd,  with 
relation  to  the  data  you  want  as  to  the  safety  of  storage 
batteries.  I  will  have  the  information  gathered  and 
sent  you  at  an  early  date. 

Yours  truly. 

Ak*  O  February  38',  1016 

^  ;L/ 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  K.  J. 

ily  dear  Edison: 



I  have  followed  with  oonsiderable  interest 
the  incidents  connected  with  the  introduction  of  your 
nickel  steel  storage  battery  for  submarine  propulsion, 
and  noticed  with  the  greatest  regret,  in  connection  with 
the  accident  at  the  Brooklyn  Havy  Board,  the  extent  to 
which  incompetency  and  commercial  interests  still  in¬ 
fluence  such  serious  matters  as  the  preparation  for 
our  national  defense. 

Without  going  into  engineering  details:  there 
are  a  few  matters  regarding  storage  batteries,  which 

are  obvious  to  any  engineer: 

In  any  storage  battery,  the  ampere  hours  input 
during  charge  must  be  materially  higher  than  the  ampere 
hours  output  during  the  discharge,  and  the  difference 
appears  as  hydrogen  and  oxygen.  Every  storage 

battery  thus  is  a  potential  danger  of  explosion,  tf 
the  gases  are  not  properly  taken  care  of. 

The  essential  characteristic  of  the  nickel 
steel  battery,  verified  by  general  experience  -  in¬ 
cluding  my  own  many  years  experience  with  lead  batteries 
and  nickel  steel  batteries  in  my  laboratory  -  is  that 
the  nickel  steel  cell  to  remain  in  good  condition,  does 
not  require  the  regular  care  and  attention,  which  the 
lead  battery  requires.  In  my  opinion,  if  there 

is  any  place  where  the  ability  to  stand  neglect  and 
abuse  is  of  vital  importance,  it  is  in  the  submarine 
under  service  conditions.  The  conclusion  from 

this,  in  my  opinion,  is  obvious. 

There  are  other  features,  which  are  of  importance, 
even  if  secondary  in  ray  opinion  to  that  all  important  one 
of  the  battery  being  there  and  in  operative  condition 
when  needed  after  the  indifferent  care  or  even  abuse  un¬ 
avoidable  in  service;  such  as  tho  greater  mechanical 
strength  of  nickel  end  iron,  compared  with  lead;  the  danger 
of  corrosion  from  sulphuric  acid,  while  alkali  solutions 
do  not  attack  iron,  but  protect  it;  and  the  danger  of 
chlorine  gas  in  oase  of  accidental  entrance  of  sea-water 
to  the  lead  peroxide  and  acid  of  the  lead  battery. 

In  my  experience,  the  lead  battery  is  very 
satisfactory  as  reserve  or  stand-by  battery  in  an 
electric  station,  and  for  similar  service,  where  it 
can  be  given  regular  and  careful  attention  by  expert 
engineers,  and  is  never  abused,  and  where  low  cost 
of  the  investment  is  of  first  importance;  but  v;here 
such  continuous  care  is  not  feasible,  and  reliability 
is  essential,  the  lead  battery  can  not  be  satisfactory. 

I  hope  you  have  got  over  the  unusual  dissipation 
of  staying  at  our  Illuminating  Engineering  Society  dinner 
until  midnight,  and  had  a  comfortable  ride  homo. 

\7ith  best  regards, 

Yours , 

shake  the  confide  i 

7/>K  cdurA  • 

y jotni'ia  /  liUm,  nrumnfa  <f(j~ 

-jrcuU'rt  t  Mywjji/aniT$  / 
amm  Va  a/bh&v^jb  tm/K 

!-7)a6H  C 17/5  crXr ^/r nnonnaA^ 

JLt/yz  Uum\  umiiA 
/ycvfa  /ixtIlux  noT  fov 

^%Ui  cm  cut  w'h'c&tfM* 

ktm^j  dttduiA^  CJt/k 

3^  %  Hftr  C^Amivk  Kdtf  adr  <r 

ffrtjY  C/U//CU/j  wm  CUA  'Ul&iUK 1^/  ^U,  ( 

/L  tfX\Jxt  rn  tbculj 
VfruUmrf  tT  j-tnm t  'Vn  Af^yh  cud 
^XfMK  'In  ^  // 7~  Vv" ha.0  tt 

<flF  ^  tU/MCa/h  /  jrmi  -m  Kofi 

tUd^nrU/lA  -M\  }'}<*  o if 
S*  cjirifr  <k  tfux/h,  jrrmi»\  'kh 
cum\  wi  -m  rY]&  Cfi  i 

a  opttiY 

5/YVLV  d-7>'  (iCCun^  6.  k)  ~/Vr'\  iYUsC/fa*^ 

mCtt* d  H  tiiU  ^  “ iatIas^  ^h 

£U/l  <jr irin\  i6,  d&tnA. . 

Pxuj’V  'Vvx  Oti'Lvb  ^utUii/iu^  LQ-1 

/iL-dsi'ii  6p rmU& f  hi«m  7<? czL; 

71^0  H  ps  fruMLUj  d^wdi/h 

(i'TtMAJAbj  i/F/V^J  OV\l  s 1A'-*Xti/V  .J'UC&lz^  ' 

~Tki  j^tf/v  &AA,  C&f/faifihcy 
ttlii  aA/uuyh  M'Q  .  (jJcLi  k  /  (\ 

^UJIt&a  nd^cntUZdj  imd'u*. 
ytdZl^  'i/ri-<-tA-  ypodWr  'Ua-^l  Ojdtc\ 
JJIfuV^j  ^tArioh.  <u\ — 

.  .rt&UjMJ/idrg.  $A-  1UW  J_  h  Ttdk*'*'dlH . 

/QmjK  'nL  a  Hr.  c/UAz  atA^  n/h^ua.d^ 
Vt/  frn{  a*  A'tf  //,  /  ■ 

Clui/r  a  &  fi'Y  (f^ttiA  ftPM4tf  *Q  l1^ 
dA  til  'k  d'\!  w<?K  i/h . 

'  "ix-  lM/Vy  um'k  Zanwf^i^ 

tfjArrM,  ‘UFwv  'TMsdw-?  M.t\  rfr~ 

yttjjy  (rtm^  f\  ~fa<4&L  C&V°£  1 UiA, 

Xvuvvuo'Ul\  U^J)r~  dy  /  'IraiTvh 

<tyj  ^YwyjLz\S^  1U vrf  <&wk‘wr*H’ 

<§r  (ww/t  'Hit  Jn'yUuU.c,(a  -m  ^<X 

.'yu.&itW  c>' ^tMu^[  'Mfffa,  '$£\ 

swtvk  'Wnu/ / 

/j^AMim-L  Wfdmyf  &MtwY  d'h  <f  ff 
zLdAH.  & 

S&u  OstfcuJ^i  &wUt»<4 '  ( 

/JovtA.  i  -&Zfaj  ^  ' 

dJ-<w  K4  ^'<££^4  UMlsv 

CfvJs<Ai<Us\  £<S$  •MMAs  c/v. 
/h~&Af'(r  OfcL-tyrVx 


■  CtiMVrtCtW  JttjAr  (ff -fn 

l*f  Cl.  inru^hf 

dock.  ituda  4-  $  fiaifuii*>(v*t~a-6  Ct//s) 
dimens-h'*+ttt\  6^j-  CudevnatZc  Drnaoj-  Ca.u/tTk  KS-H  Cf//j. 
kh  dtlutAA^  TtiL  (/a.tftu*o  jrv  /^s*<  Jj£a£s\&///7C' 

S<nLu.  I'Uofirolvjsfc. . 

Jh  Orudis  UJtrudr  /jdr\  S~  heuAo  '  Szw£j~ u/tJk 

3  (ncttiAMjQ !  unit  'vio'h'  'yit^ofniTt-  ef^*ui**> 

-t^wudx.  u)TTt\  dAu^ntsZyA/fiey^  \ (mc/i . 

'  1  ft+n'j*) 

£  /fliKj  fyriu 

■f  ^ 

^Uidh  eldwu*-<{  Hv7fiuq  luuo  ScnZL^,  .3d 
/^cillih^  deu/vw  uo  tAjuWV~  'VuaAvt  s  cux^  ww 

^  s,m%-  *w». 

CUMSuejt*.  Or.  Y  y 

(oo- C{£  ft.O-H .  ct,tp  cu/7A 
hO—  ft  ~/0  Ct/Uj  wiTfc  S(nd^  .  ybruck  u/<m/h 
n<uafaL  lru/h  S' mu/ uy  aou\  3-fuck .  '7/lf/uv 

Cif.  vvmiflr  MZa  Cf'!r  C-tUo^hu^ .  Szumui  ... 

-  vp  V/^.  -  - 

{^(TWf/inAjnA/LMt  l  St/y\  2#\ 

QAaXjzJ~^v~-  *$AJ-o  .' 

itltAU.  jai^htL  k-OATt  ca.  mtw4i  ll^j  £<Uq7*^  (> 

‘zyvu^uJ[  , '(/ruMt 6. 

(j^MAA^  /Jitluj  «/ati  SinL*^  cUvWV  /O 

'ifzUJuuoa  . 

(MA-A^  AAAAUofjJlAAAAt/?' 

c^fta^tZCr . 

/kovkM^  &-o  trzA 

'T/lAfiAf , 

Mm  </J.  OA^aM^  cUot  A-  C£Mo~- 

^OlA/  *-  ~Jt<aa^q.  AUA.  ~h>  O'^Aaa,  kcAlOit^ 

i "Urn j  UaHTL-  fo  (n.  If-  -fru^ik*  C^ujo/^  M&t( 
foo-  ^  CaUs*  .  ~^enr  Sa*ulU.  SIumUa^  (fl.  (fcfr-  ffr*- 
i-  hv^  1aZoc\.  £*oo  l/l/l-hir^i. 

/j-}\  cjuX  ify  aArrrt-  'r*nx>arviAi f  urmoU(  -W?"  £f^>'*r#4z , 

6>r-a±  cdis  'H\ 

frj  (o<5~-a^ Cdh  i • 

y^'  'A\rJl/,  vyi  Ctb»Atb 

l^dUul  tax.^  O^y 

U  milu, ,  *  *$l/iM  ^ 

k^ewui  bfaZvf^  J-~ 

S±a2Jtul  ScMVU^  Jal*AJL  ofjfc\  • 

Ow  /z  Un*/ 

kvJV  Mul\  ywr«M  <w/r  ■ 

(nUurva {  &nL^  f  sMM^  vk^- 

(f^vv^i i/h  ,0tvmuMytuL(  ^  / 

(pO'CC-  CUU1  StnLA,  J^SJmM^  TyfxtsX&Ajt 

lUU,  hrt  qi/oli^  tc.  +Z.Cr»<j,aMy 

OuJlr^krfu{  ~3n<M l  GK.-w*'', 

(ffidVLyh/V'  (pU_  -  Y'  /W''  CpUMU4AL^( 

.JMek  am^a  6»~  a  to-  <^o, 

$foj^  'b  firv^  AMtfi^r&O  a  /i 

'yupA/Ul  ^ 

^Wv^Wrvv  r^U^UtJ^\  *n  ^Ceu^tAi-J 

CAjcJM/ y\  aaaaMY  (fi*  (pWMHTL^ 

t'i^U^K  &uJro£dfcA^  •  _/• 


StriATUA  /£&  Sw&AL;  Lta^vj  tjjwJAo  . 

If) o  y  vh 4 

(/)-  .cmv**,  ctlk  frrmuf  in  Ha  0  H 

(I  _  Cu,0i\  |?WW  ^  d  it 

(l }  (Par j>lt  CM/Wi,j  Ctlh  %KtUpUH 

cuu{  h  ^  '4  KoH  sr  '4  7U  d  H. 
(3)-Tfu(  Cam*  M/h  Foym^lvK  KdHj 
atu\  taw  yy\  HaO/i- 
It)'  P k  tf  CuYtw  t  tiik  firm tn  tdii 
au4  'M  4  KoH  r  4  HaOH 
(f)  (nruK  Ca^r,  ct/h  jirrm',4  m  Ko  hr 

a,u<\  fin*  '  mm.  \ 
DtiLu.&Wt\K*  •■  y 

*i  &«/y 

2.  luwf  htfr  yO  ®  / 

i  "  /J 

~77)  t 

(ftlavK  tarnfci  om  ^i%X>0<H  fith. 
AM  **■  %  ^  %  Da  tJH  H 

gjh&ki^  V^iv^r 
~7stW^  /a.  TicmiaXi^S^iyt^ g  ^ 

Jhdu&tury^  ffrrm  Cuwui 

i  ti  w  krl^y 

Id)-  Pd'  Ct/h 

thu\  Dad  ft  cats  , 

(i)  (pQ  jitth  ft /&  h&vt  nii '■’  ^ 

t/d/iatjs'L  //lan  fladrt  cffa 
<rw  ^dtScUaAw  fycttX'f  )urn\^i . 

(cj  (Poiaab  i-T)ud  ft  ct//<>  ft&l/'L 

falnru/Y  ~/L[  Sa/yiUL.  ca/^tc^-^l  . 

. to  a/y.  ?ifmi«JL  t-  SV6/^ 

'll  (Tripod  nr  a-ivo  /)  , 


CHICAGO.  Maro\l,  W16 . 


Mr.  Chonas'TCr'SSison,  ,\W'^ 

Orange,  ITew  Jersey.  •  ->V" 

Dear  3ir:- 

0n  my  return  from  the  south  I  find  your  letter  of 
February  23d: 

Your  batteries  heve  been  in  service  on  this  lino 
since  March,  191R,  commencing  with  a  test  of  twenty-five 
cells.  Mho  number  has  since  been  increased  at  various 
times  until  at  present  we  hove  eleven  hundred  cells  in  daily 
use.  The  battery  has  given  perfect  service;  we  have  had  no 
cells  damaged  by  explosion  of  gases  during  charges;  our  bat¬ 
tery  compartments  are  not  specially  arranged  to  accommodate 
your  cells,  being  the  same  as  we  formerly  used  for  the  lead 
batteries.  As  far  as  our  experience  goes,  there  is  abso¬ 
lutely  no  menace  to  life  or  health  in  the  care  of  your  bat¬ 
teries,  in  fact,  they  are  better  to  work  with  than  the  lead- 
sulphuric  combination.  I  cannot  possibly  think  of  anything 
that  could  be  criticised  in  connection  with  your  batteries. 
Mhey  have  reduced  our  maintenance  from  nlS2i2Li2ll£«JS.r 
exarvaa^  .^^t_eri?s_^^i_gh^.^?2:ia~-— •  ^nl}ura  for  -y°Ur- 

type ,  and  this  cost  is  figured  after  four  years  of  _use . 

You  may  use  this  letter  in  any  way  you  please.  X 
am  very  glad  indeed  to  be  able  to  write  it. 

Yours  very  truly,  ^ 

A  \T\  Vi  i  /LlYA- — 


Wilmington.  N.  C. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Dear  Sir:  -*•  Oonxiaenvxaj. 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  confidential  letter 
of  the  23rd  ultimo,  and  take  pleasure  in  complying 
with  your  request  to  give  our  experience  with  Edison 
storage  batteries : 

We  have  had  no  experience  with  storage 
batteries,  except  in  oar  lighting  service,  in  which  we 
have  both  Edison  and  lead  batteries. 

At  the  present  time  we  have  in  service  ,1026. 
cells  of  Edison  par  lighting  batteries,  with  an  average 
lake  of  twenty- two  months,  and  a  maximum  age  of  forty- 
eight  months;  and .464. cells  of  lead  tatteries.  (The 
average,  as  well  as  the  maximum  age  of  the  latter  cell8- 
is  greater  than  the  Edison  cells,  but  it  is  impossible  to 
give  an  accurate  idea  of  their  average  age,  for  the 
reason  that  there  have  been  many  renewals  and  replace¬ 
ments,  of  which  close  records  have  not  been  kept.; 

The  Edison  batteries  have,  up  to  the  present  time, 
given  much  better  service,  longer  life,  with  lower  cost 
of  maintenance  than  the  lead  batteries. 

'He  have  explosions, of  Edison  batteries; 
have  had  a'~fev7"explosions.  of  lead.. batteries,  but  none 
'serTousT  "'There  was  an  explosion  of  a  lead  battery 
under^a  Eulimwi  bar,'  which  set  fire  to  the  battery  box, 
and'would  probably,  have. burned. the  car  had  not  the 
Tirebeen  discovered  promptly  and  extinguished. 

you  will  note  that  I  have  confined  my  statement 
to  the  age  and  comparative  safety  of  the  two  types  of 
batteries,  which  I  presume  are  the  only  points  you 
desire  us  to  cover. 

It  is  entirely  agreeable  to  me  to  Bhow  this 
letter,  confidentially,  to  the  Secretary  of  the  liavy. 

hy  dor.r 


-V  ^ 


Your  letter  or  rchru- 

0-:  _l: .Jpccx.xpw  "ix/  vc  have  no  definite  re 
showing  explosions  that  liave  occurred  with  lend  battorio 
prior  to  three  years  ago .  However, since  the  application 
your  bntterios  v:e  iiave  kept  accurate  comparative  data  fo 
a  period  or  three  years. 


Shore  Save  ho  on  explosions  in  sots 
of  lend  batteries  end  5  in  Ad icon  batteries.  As  hot;'  kinuo 
of  batteries  jive  off  an  inflammable  pas, which  is  c.-ploaivc 
under  certain  conditions, it  is  expected  that  there  will  he 
slight  explosions  from  time  to  title.  ’Jhe  lend  batteries 
which  wo  have  been  using  are  provided  with  "hard  rubber 
covers , mill  the  result  of  explosions  is  sometimes  dangerous. 

V/o  have  >ir.d  some  cases  of  personal  injury  to  employee . 

In  eacli  of  the  five  explosions  of 
Jidison_bnttcrie3  there  v:as  no  occasion  when  the  explosion 
c oiilu  be  cousidoreiTdangcrous,  the  greatest  damage  being  simplj 
the  bulging  out  of  the  sides  and  top  of  the  can.  in  but  two 
instances  has  the  damage  been  sufficiently  great  to  necessi¬ 
tate  talcing'  the  batteries  out  of  service ,  It  is  the  opinion 
of  our  Blootripal.  Engineer, our  oar  lighting  operating-  men  and 
"others  who  have  to  handle  tlio  batteries  that  thoro  is  con¬ 
siderably  less  danger  from  the  Edison  than  from  tiio  losul 
battery . 

I  have  no  objection  to  your  giving 
this  information  to  when  you  ploaso,but  would  not, of  course, 
caro  to  liavo  it  quoted  in  the* form  of  an  advertisement. 

esteem, and  with  hind 

3  .A. liaison. 

Orange ,Kew  Jersey. 

assurances  of  uy  respect  and 
Yours  very  truly. 


AJia  : 

fY\  n  a  h-  c M~(l- 4  not*  £ £i/yy  r  U  ^  o\  eti-L 

hw  X  J-uur/L&f  jj  rr 

o-'/  i>  Olc^-O  'ivY  A  (  (■  sA  &A- 

^  q  s&wk  > 

Aatvi  knntu-^i 

cVhM  onx  ^ ^ 

X/C'l  ^Xui'v.,^/cj  ■LCuri'Ax 
•  ^  i'!.  (  -  :X  ,(Xh  ) !  fUncM)  '■Uwk 
Aapc  ynuL-l  -vi(Y  JU/Y  ^  <b  V-d^z-  5  "AS 

/(n^  cm.^L-4  ■  W*"  ^  7  ^  £  5  "  /2~ctl^ 

^vc/Y^nr^h  (/_ 

^  >':>  -t-Uu/Uurvy^. 

/Ui  CLA/yy  G)m,WjY  J^Ulcj  rtMUrf 
/Ij.  ')  L  fJcl  iiu\  ^yOy  iyyq  cjuru*^ 
/\yy\  \\  -'dl;\  $-*Lma  i  Y  YLljc l-j 

11  /RmtM'Jm- il  d , 

-/-.  /  r . ,  O^^.r trlZ^^f/A 

_  fcw  LuUiM  Ju4 
5'  /  >  /t 

i fa  tUfavfa  (Uiwwj 

a>z  4rCCirttr^  ', 

"  fcdyivY aim  cM't^  /ttun^}/\ 
Wl.-%~l~L  {AvfacTrnj  / 

SiU jfturt  S^<-<j  .  dz// 

'llu  n  viif^  j-nnu^i^  ^UtwnaX^i 

(nM w  Mh  n 1  y  ^  ^'r.(n 

/bsiM'l'U  W}  .  /lU-Ur  ,  o'/d'l'fa-  «j 

sU/tyK  4|/  i  i  t  TUi'l'^, 


tMuitw’Jv  firackc-ju/^ 

$  tfd^ooa."  aut]  ^(jy>Yht/ 

crrJj^  ""ft? mufti  sy*fo\. 

frlrtl(  fy-/frnrfo  UliYo. 

^Sa  B  OMfM/h  ~^X\  Yjrmt^L  flrdfar, 

^  Mu\  M 

/^o  CsJpY'  soa-</fo  Y/Ua  — 

/cr&w\  **  v-f  'H  'Uok  flAti 

c,mujua:^  aKt  m..  ^  1 

A,£uu  rd&\  n^Lfu^y. 

A/suX  ~fo&L  &wrr*JL  -uum5&-v~fc~ 
Q^vJ^nx  ~MjlX  mOtAS  tuu[  MX  Sst*tM — - 

/\ /rvM/y  't/y  /lA\b  hMy 

5mL  -4t^i  nrd/^  wM  c,mu 

hjx.CL'QJL.  (SsU/l'MLSl'U**, — 

4r^V  t<stj,L/.  $  !/ 

#jVV  aJX  McTj^Ti-KM- ^  At-tinr*. — 

(Jtyn  ^  'YI'Gmi V^WtVa,  l/V 

'O'Ko'-X/'W  * 

7^  ^zW^p  *0-  yhccfy^j 

4  ^  'Stwil&fy  Mluic/b 
o  .Mill  t^^Vi//K^nu^  4*/m^ 

/jllY  (/Mfr^Ai 

^  d/UA,Zj  &faM/ui  ' 

MMXj  WT'UX-i 
„H„lW  A,  iMUuj  'VMjU&V 
uMi  'lAuckL  fluZun  (f^ 

SjaMa ajamj***  ,  -vn  . 

3  <#-£t/i  6f'i'iir~L  7s "(a/ AGktsi^tw  rf//Y^ 

)0  V  4rL*ty  V  m(  ^  'Mwi  ^TTC{ 
SuaJ-Mj  'fan'll 

OmI  Ts^fc’-v  «^r 

MZk  MUift  KTbt^-  /tmc^luU  , 
SlM/\rji^  ~C(,L\  (ftl/tsd-cdl 

■*OOLt*\  ■ 


A'V^  ;  .  t 


A  / 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  ^  \^t 

Care  Edison's  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

yV  /v?  fx 

1-1  SX*^  f  V*V<*  ^ 

..  VP 



0\v  v 

H>  V 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:  j  % 

I  have  your  oiroular  letter,  addressed  to  £  j 
me  as  President  of  the  Walker  Vehiole  Company,  with  relation^, 
to  the  question  of  safety  of  your  storage  battery,  and 

enclose  you  herewith  letter  from  Mr.  Wm.  A.  Fox,  Vioe 
President  of  the  Commonwealth  Edison  Company.  Attached 
thereto  is  a  letter  from  Mr.  E.  0.  Schweitzer,  Chief  Test¬ 
ing  Engineer  of  Commonwealth  Edison  Company;  also  a  second 
letter  from  Mr.  Schweitzer  to  which  is  attached  a  communica¬ 
tion  from  Mr.  Ernest  Lunn,  Chief  Electrician  of  the  Pullman 
Company;  also  a  letter  from  Mr.  Qeorge  R.  Walker,  General 
Superintendent  of  the  Walker  Vehiole  Company,  all  of  whioh 
I  hope  will  be  of  use  to  you  in  connection  with  the  Inquiry 

you  made  of  me.  . 

Yours  truly , 


Commonwealth  Edison  Company 


date  March  2,  1916. 

Mr.  Samuel  Insull. 


Dear  Sir: 

In  accordance  with  your  request  I  have  made  in¬ 
quiries  of  our  Engineering  Department  for  opinion  on  the 
comparative  safety  in  operation  of  the  Edison  battery  as 
against  the  lead  types. 

In  addition  I  have  obtained  an  expression  of 
opinion  from  Mr.  Lunn,  Chief  Electrician  of  the  Pullman 
Company,  on  account  of  his  great  experience  and  position 
of  authority  in  the  storage  battery  field. 

Besides  letters  from  our  Mr.  Schweitzer  and  Mr. 

Lunn  I  attach  also  one  from  Mr.  Walker  of  the  Walker  Vehicle 
Company,  whose  opinion  should  have  weight  on  account  of  his 
familiarity  with  the  operation  of  both  types  of  batteries 
in  many  scattered  installations. 

They  all  seem  to  point  to  a  conclusion  that  there 
is  apparently  little  difference  in  liability  to  explosion, 
while  at  least  for  motor  truck  propulsion  the  Edison  battery 
is  the  more  desirable  type. 

a  @zkc 

Vice  President. 




Commonwealth  Edison  Company 

hate  March  2,  19X6. 


Vta.A.  Fox, 

Vice  President. 

Dear  Sir:- 

He re with  please  find  letters  from  Hr.  Brnest  Innn, 
Chief  Electrician  of  the  Pullman  Company,  and  from  the  writer 
regarding  the  subject  of  Edison  Storage  Batteries,  in  accordance 
with  the  conversation  with  Hr.  G.A.  Freeman. 

I  trust  that  these  letters  meet  your  requirements. 

Yours  very} truly  , 

a!'  0 


ClT  t  ' 

Chief  Testing  Engineer 

EOS ;D — Enol. 




Chicago.  Karen  l  a  t ,  l  s  1 6 . 

i.'r  .  a  .  0  .  Schwo  i  1 7.  ar , 

Commonwealth  'idison  Company, 

]' orient  i  Washington  Streets, 


Confirming  our  cor.  ion  of  this  mo  mins  relative 
to  my  exoorionco  w i th  Zidioon  batteries  while  with  the  Commonweal th 
liaison  Company,  and  particularly  during  the  several  years  tint  I 
was  President  of  the  Walker  Vehicle  Company  of  Chicago ,  rnnuf -io  turor 

of  oouMoraial  electric  tracks;  I  have  to  say  that  the  results  were 
uniformly  good.  Vehicle  batteries  of  jail  sizes  wore  used  and  to  my 
knowledge  there  was  never  any  question  as  to  the  batteries  deliver in 
their  full-rated  capacity.  Vo_  explosions  due  to  ignition  nr  «•«« 
given  off  oy  the  batteries  were  ever  reported.  It  was  the  practice 
to  properly  ventilate  the  cattery  compartments  anu  otherwise  take 
precautions  to  prevent  such  explosions.  ■‘■’ho  same  precautions  were 
taken  in  case  lead  batteries  were  used. 

Yours  very  truly  - 



CHICAGO  March  £,  1.916, 



Bear  Sir:- 

Edlaon.  Storage  BatterieB  in  common  with  other  types  of 
storage  Batteries  give  off  hydrogen  gas  while  charging.  When  the 
oharging  operation  is  nearly  completed  the  oells  gas  freely.  Hydro¬ 
gen  gas  is  highly  inflamable  and  it  is  therefore  necessary  that  the 
battery  compartments  be  well  ventilated  in  order  to  avoid  explosions 
from  the  ignition  of  the  escaping  gases.  The  amount  of  hydrogen  gas 
given  off  by  Edison  Storage  Batteries  is  greater  than  with  the  lead 
batteries  but  there  is  no  difficulty  in  eliminating  practically  all 
danger  from  this  source  by  proper  ventilation. 

She  Commonwealth  Edison  Company  has  been  using  Edison 
Batteries  for  The  past  seven  years  on  its  electric  vehicles,  and  at 
present  has  onehundred  and  twenty  vehicles  equipped  with  these 
batteries.  We  are'  told  by  Mr.  C.E.  Clark.  Superintendent  of  Trans¬ 
portation.  that  during  all  of  this  time  there  have  been  only  two 
oases  of  trouble  due  to  explosion  of  escaping  gas.  3oth  of  these 
oases  ooourred  while  the  batteries  were  being  charged  and  were ;_o3*ax- 
ly  due  to  the  fact  that  the  battery  compartments  had  not  b»en  opened 
forfree  ventilation.  The  damage  done  in  either,  of  the  above  oases 
^irae  not  material .  Mr.  Clark  also  stated  that  he  does  not  consider 
this  matter  of  any  real  importance  as  it  is  not  at  all  dlffioult  to 




Mr.  Wm.A.  Fox.  -  2  - 

have  proper  ventilation  while  oharglng.  He  also  eeema  to  he  well 
satisfied  with  Edison  Batteries  in  general,  and  considers  them 
nmoh  more  desirable  than  lead  batteries  for  vehicle  service. 

Tours  very  truly v  n 

(ff  (U 

—"Chief  Testing  Engineer-/ 



$ULk*r  © eliTcltf  ©xrwpmtg 


March  2,  1916. 

Mr.  V/illiam  A.  Pox,  Vice  President, 
Commonwealth  Edison  Company,  r  . 

72  ;7est  Adams  Street,  Chicago,  Illinois. 

In  response  to  your  inquiry  for  my  opinion  as 
to  comparative  safety  of  Edison  Storage  Baf a$L  lead 
hqf'teries  will  sav  Ihat  both  types give ^ ,off ,  gas while  4 
charping  and  both  require  .ventilation  (simply  the  opening 
-oT  tfe  doors  or  hoods  of  bhttery  compartment!  when  on 
chargl.  The  observance  of  this  very  simple  requirement, 
of  not  charging  the  batteries  vrnile  they  are  tightly  en¬ 
closed  v/ith  no  vent,  removes  all  danger  of  explosion  of 
gas!  as  it  is  not  given  off  in  sufficient  quantity  unless 
ft  is  allowed  to  collect  in  a  tight  compartment .Practi-^ 

Yours  very  truly, 

General  Superintendent. 



Norfolk  &  Whsthhn  Hailway  Company 

ROANOKE,  Va.  ^arch  3,  1916.  B/F 
Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  j/'* 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  your  confidential  letter  of  February  23  in 
referenoe  to  the  use  of  your  type  of  battery  on  the  Norfolk 

&  Western  road: 

Beg  to  advise  that  the  operation  of  your  batteries  on  our 
road  for  the  past  three  years  has  been  entirely  successful  from 
every  viewpoint.  We  have  handled  these  batteries  on  and  off  the 
oars  in  similar  service  where  we  originally .used  the  lead  batter¬ 
ies.  We  have  also  had  them  under  terminal  charge  where  oars  have 
arrived  with  batteries  exhausted,  and  we  have  never  had  the  slight¬ 
est  difficulty  in  handling  them,  either  from  an  electrical  or 
mechanical  standpoint,  and  the  entire  installation  has  been  satis¬ 

Particularly  in  referenoe  to  the  matter  of  safety,  we  have 
absolutely  no  complaint  to  make,  and  the  question  of  handling  these 
batteries  by  our  usual  oar  lighting  electricians  has  never  caused 
us  any  trouble  whatever.  We  have  never  had  a  oase  of  gas  accumu¬ 
lation  which  has  caused  us  the  slightest  trouble  with  the  oars  in 
operation  on  the  road  or  standing  at  terminals  on  charge. 

Yours  truly, 

The  Hartford  Electric  Light  Co. 

»|£g|n  Hartford, Conn.  . . 

..  i  Marc/aL^',  1916. 


Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  H.  J. 

^  i 

Dear  Sir: 

in  reply  to  your  favor  of  February  23,  1916. 

The  Hartford  Electric  Light  Company's  experience  with 
storage  batteries  dates  bach  to  1896.  and  includes  the  bat¬ 
teries  of  lead  types  for  Central  Station  work  as  well  as  thoe. 
for  vehicle  work.  This  Company  has  used  Edison  Batteries  in 
vehicle  work  for  the  past  five  or  six  years  to  some. extent 
and  to  a  very  large  extent  in  the  past  three  years. 

The  writer  has  been  in  personal  charge  of  the  Company 
batteries  since  1899.  The  question  of  ventilation,  while  an 
important  one,  has  never  proved  a  serious  one  in  our  work.  J 
have,  found  it  no  more  trouble  to  care  for  Edison  batteries  in. 
this  respect  than  for  lead  batteries.^ 

7/e  trust  that  this  is  the  desired  information. 


Yours  very  respectfully. 

The  Denver  Gas  and  Electric  Light  Co. 


r  Lx 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edisi 
Orance,  1 

''  ,  s  \  JUM4  s 

nbH  )i 

i  '  lv"'' ,  <5ei«  -^TV 

. I 


t  X  received  your  letter 
mo  the  highest  compliment 
a  privi 

It  is  -.vith  the  Greatest  "of  pleasure  tic 
ar.d  I  consider  your  request  for  a  statement  from 

I  have  met  while  in  this  work,  and  at  the  sano  time,  I  consider  it 
loco  to  have  the  opportunity  of  stating  to  you  that  X,  for  one,  appreciate 
atot  a  wonderful  contribution  the  Edison  battory  is  to  any  nation,  syndicate, 
corporation  or  individual  that  may  have  an  application  for  a  storage  hatter;;. 

Inasmuch  as  I  intond  to  add  the  weigh:  of  this  Company's 
statement  over  my  signature,  X  will  reply  specifically  on  the  second  page. 

X  was  a  visitor  at  your  storage  battery  plant  and  worlds  in  the 
latter  part  of  October  and  the  first  part  of  Ilovcmbor,  at  which  time  you 
were  in  the  West.  1  regrottod  at  that  time  your  absence  and  my  consequent 
inability  to  moot  you  again  personally,  hut  I  was  heartily  and  generously 
welcomed  by  Messrs.  Thompson,  Ross,  Jr.,  Smith  and  others,  and  ny  visit 
proved  very  entertaining  as  well  as  my  receiving  an  educational  advantage. 

In  the  event  that  the  enclosed  letter  is^tWation  such 
as  you  would  consider  offootive,  kindly  command  my  attention  the  second 

iA  / 

M*'  ,fA’  Very  truly ^ jours , 

,*J-  "  lf‘‘  ) 

u  £jr 

The  Denver  Gas  and  Electric  Light  Co. 

19  16 

,!r.  'fhomas  A.  Edison, 

1  have  road  with  considerable  concorn  and  regret  tho  various^ 
articles  appearing  in  newspapers  and  periodicals  regarding  tne  accident 
that  recently  befell  the  U.3.  .  E-2. 

A3  a  Storage  Battery  and  Electric  Vehicle  Engineer  of  fifteen 
years*  experience,  I  cannot  help  but  feel  that  all  of  these  malicious 
statements  and  attacks  have  emlnated  from  a  lead  battery  source  and  aro 
directed  af^.ln:;t  your  battery.  It  is  significant  in  the  storage  battery 
world  tliat  all  the  lead  storage  battery  manufacturers  unicc  oo  attac.. 
the  Edison  battery  when  it  is  found  to  be  a  competitor,  and  their  methods 
of  attack  have  not  always  been  conducive  to  an  intelligent  knowledge  of 
storage  batteries# 

At  the  prosent  time.  The  Denvor  Gas  A-  Electric  Light  Company,, 
which  Company  it  ic  now  my  privclcgc  to  servo,  have  in  their  service 
nineteen  Edison  and  fourteen  lead  batteries.  Anout  four  years  ago,  ..o 
had,  I"  believe,  twoj;.dison  and  about  toenty-two  lead  battorics  of  var¬ 
ious  mhos,  and  the’  present  condition 'indicates  tho  results  of  actual 
nractieo  and  the  expenditure  of  over  v100,000.00  by  this  Cessrary.  _u?. 
W'reolau all  of  our  lead  batteries  with.  Edison  for  the.  reason  that 
wo  have  found  them  to  be  preferable,  and  we  have  constdcrca  thoroughly 
the  comvarative  safety  in  operation  of  leadjuid  Ed) son  batteries , 
our  investigation,  practical  use  and  engineorihg  Intelligence h 
"duced  the  fact3  that  tho  Edison  is  tho  tr 

e  d03lrablo  hatter;/. 

e  pre- 

l  the 

V/o  liave  nevor  had  in  Denver  an  explosion  of  any  kind 
part  of  an  Edison  batTeiy,  but  wo  did  have  on  explosion  with  a  lead 
tory  which  fractured  forty  jars  in  a  forty-two  cell  hattory. 

It  is  necessary  that  our  vehiclos  operate  with  great  regular¬ 
ity  and  ahsoluto  reliability.  She  slogan  of  this  large  Company  and  our 
great  syndicate.  Homy  L.  Doherty  &  Company,  ha3  always  boon  EER/ICE, 
and  with  that  end  in  view,  we  have  found  that  tho  Mison  battor;;,  duo 
to  its  virtues,  among  which  are 'continuity  of  service,  reliability,  and 
'"ocohomjg  of  operation,  his  enabled  us  to  servo  our  patrons  upon  our 
regular  promised  scheduled 


made  in  print  by  producer  of  load 
« Q  of  the  recent  explosion,  and  in 
s  intentions  wore  nothing  more  than 
and  explanations  wore  s°  ridicnl0^- 
that  X  did  not  consider  it  worth 

;  that  the  Secretary  of  our  hav; 
the  trust  of  this  nation,  will 
103  of  your  battery,  and  if  such  is 
ire  be  remembered  longer  than  en 

rero  necessary,  for  my  Compaq  to  ^o- 
[d  should  thojidison  be  not  avai^-blc 



_ (Jtjlw*  urtcu^. 

_  p  *.££»&  <-'{-  wW 

Uax^'JJa  \  ■  /  "K/> w  ti  eJ^.  _ 

<^&vv^*r\MKi  ;  n*s*i  H-i-tcc w 

A\rtriiyu(  Jdrrm  $%\  <P rf^o4 

^idUL^r^  -K  £cu,f*  SiVh^i  vn^ 

(^&l(Uij  , 

<QLlk  AA^WJ'W^i  Cui/L  miu-isr.  ?n 

Much  <h  s)  d/<yK  Av  &vfw,*miu 

f-H *  ^wm  J't-yyh- 

Zi'UU/l/Oi !v£^  CL'i^-  'uoLl-'UxZaC^  h*~  AtX^__ 

ylr<l(£u u  Ki irwdZ^ 

j/urw/3  ^ — 6i/Wi'C~C(Su\  h‘i\/i(fa<z 

ftteA/h  UtW  *sO  Ul 6t|  VI/lC/ 

'^MjJs <K  'v\a  A^~AjJaaa*  '^U, 

f  2-d  K<  (M-  t/r.  hxtM^  fjjrf  ‘wykuoj  • 

^(u-a  ~C(a..Ll^  S'-sl'K  iA^fU-L^ 

Cc LU  )  <^v\y  ^  k~dJXu^ 

M-Hvy  <r*°?  K>IA/Jh  *  C 

Ci  S~l  ^  ^-u:i  (r*~&/'Y  ^  -t-OsVj- 

c-  ^  (  \v..  Jn)L  /i/isiajlA.  \  • 


Q(u^n-  -'Wul/l  ‘ril'~ 

tp  t  d  -  l\  l-IslciI  wh-UA^  cus^ 

-k^jrjVV  i/r  ■ 

Q^uo  ^uA^v-u. mvh. 

.-v>  tmiirjwf  }"*v  +  JT'T~ 

r  ,t dhiyA-trty- 

M  '} 

%l-  4 

^6y?  Av  XLi 

Jp'VZs  lA-L^O'Sl 

(2Wy  w.  Yuv’h^  W\ 




March  IS,  1916. 

Mr.  Scligon1!' 

Do  you  want  Vickers  to  have  a  copy  of  the  I.Ionnot 

ft.  A.  HUECHISOIt 

:  i<dS- 



)>  Vy/> 

V"  ' 

’I  r . 

Edison  Batteries. 


Portsmouth,  Va.,  March  21,  1916. 

Your  confidential  letter  of  February  23rd. 

As  far  as  we  are  able  to  determine  from  our 
records,  there  has  been  but  one  explosion  of  a  car  lighting 
battery  on  Seaboard  cars.  This  was  of  a  J7illard  lead 
battery,  and  was  caused  by  an  internal  short' circuit"*"1' 
producing  a  spark  and  igniting  the  gases,  and  resulted  in 
blowing  off  the  cover  of  one  cell.  We  have  experienced 
no  trouble  whatever  with  Edison  batte*rTea  from"' this" cause'. 

Our  Electrical  Engineer  advises  he  has  been  given 
to  understand  that  the.rec ords  of  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad 
and  of  the  Baltimore . &  Ohio,  show  that  on  those  roads 
.there  has  beeriydouble  the  number  of  explosions  of  load 
batteri’ea'  as  c orapar edw  i th  Edison,  and.  that'  in  each  case 
„  '-he  lead  battery  explosion  has  resulted  in  considerable 
damage,  whereaa..wlt  h’ , the.  Edis on 

has  been  to  di8tor.t  th9,.flt,9.ei'ic"dntaiher,'''an(i''that'  l'h''''e'very 
jca8'e''i't''''ha8’'beeh.  po.asible..  to  press  the  Edi son  "bait dry  back" 
into ''shape.  ' . . 

It  is  our  opinion  that  the  Edison  battery  is  the 

safest  o^^srater',,‘l'v'“"“'‘r'v . . 

Yours  very  truly, 

orange,  N.J.  March  28,  1916 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Port  Myers,  Florida. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison :- 

After  several  conferenoes  with  Mr.  Saville,  we  have  prepared 
a  draft  of  a  proposed  agreement  between  yourself,  Vickers  limited, 
and  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company,  and  I  enclose  herewith  for  your 
consideration  three  copies  of  the  same.  The  going  into  effect  of 
that  portion  of  the  contract  which  relates  to  the  manufacture  of 
Edison  cells  for  general  purposes  in  the  British  Isles  is,  of  course, 
contingent  upon  a  satisfactory  arrangement  being  made  with  Edison 
Accumulators  limited,  inasmuch  as  that  oompany  is  now  the  owner  of 
the  exclusive  sales  rights,  with  certain  minor  exceptions,  for  the 
battery  in  the  British  Isles.  Furthermore,  you  will  note  that  if 
that  portion  of  the  agreement  which  relates  to  the'  manufacture  and 
sale  of  the  battery  by  the  Vickers  Company  for  all  purposes  shall 
become  effective,  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company  will  be  ex¬ 
cluded  thereafter  from  the  battery  businoss  in  the  British  Isles. 

It  is  believed  that  some  provision  for  a  minimum  royalty 
should  be  inserted  in  the  agreement,  and  this  has  been  made  tenta¬ 
tively  $10,000  a  year  for  twenty  years  after  the  manufacture  of  the 
battery  for  general  purposes  is  begun  by  the  Vickers  Company.  Under 
the  agreement  as  drawn,  after  the  expiration  of  said  twenty  years 


the  Vickers  Company  would  pay  no  further  royalty.  We  'believe  that 
the  agreement  should  provide  for  royalty  payments  extending  over  a 
definite  term  of  years  rather  than  to  attempt  to  make  it  a  perpetual 
arrangement,  as  we  do  not  think  that  the  rights  granted  and  the  cove¬ 
nants  made  by  you  and  the  Battery  Company  would  be  a  sufficient  con¬ 
sideration  to  support  a  promise  to  pay  royalties  for  a  period  of  time 
without  end.  During  the  said  twenty  years,  all  of  the  royalties 
are  payable  to  you  and  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company  gets  noth¬ 
ing  out  of  it. 

It  would  seem  that  this  agreement  is  of  such  a  nature 
that  it  should  be  either  authorised  or  approved  and  ratified  by 
the  Board  of  Directors  of  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company. 

Inasmuch  as  we  have  not  hud  an  opportunity  to  consult 
yoxi  as  to  the  details  of  this  arrangement,  it  may  be  that  you  will 
want  certain  changes  made.  Hr.  Seville  is  anxious  to  have  the  mat¬ 
ter  dosed  xip  as  early  as  possible,  and  it  is  suggested  that  if  the 
contract  is  entirely  satisfactory  to  you,  two  copies  may  be  signed 
by  you  now  and  we  will  send  them  to  Hr.  Wagner  in  London  with  in¬ 
structions  that  he  deliver  one  of  them  to  the  Vickers  Company  upon 
receipt  of  two  copies  duly  executed  by  them.  While  Mr.  Wagner  will 
deliver  only  one  signed  copy  to  the  Vickers  Company,  it  is  proposed 
to  send  him  two  signed  copies  by  different  steamers  to  provide 
against  possible  miscarriage  in  the  mails. 


Do  you  v/ish  a  copy  of  this  contract  submitted  to  any  one 
in  the  Sales  Department  of  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company?  Mr. 
Thompson  has  asked  me  to  let  him  see  a  copy  of  the  contract  be¬ 
fore  the  deal  goes  through. 

Your  British  storage  battery  patents,  ^ith  their  expira¬ 
tion  dates,  upon  v/hich  annual  taxes  have  been  paid  up  to  date, 
are  as  follows 






322  of  1903  -  expires  January  6,  1917 
26948  of  1904  -  expires  December  10,  1918 
1924  of  1906  -  expires  January  25,  1920 
1928  of  1906  -  expires  January  25,  u 
401  of  1908  -  expires  January  7 ,  1922 

Yours  very  truly. 



Llewellyn  Park,  Sunday, 
March  28,  1916. 

I  am  enclosing  an  article  which  appeared  in  the  'Vo rid 
today.  Every  word  of  it  is  Gospel  truth. 

Last  night  the  Chemical  workB  of  the  Lister  £er*!?ul^u“ 
riil  Chemical  Works,  on  the  Meadows,  went  up  in  smoke.  The  blaze 
attracted  ray  attention,  as  from  my  house  I  can  i see; for  "“V  e8> 

I  ascertained  the  location  by  calling  up  the  ewark  Star. 
n,wftran  an(i  Georre  Poppe  on  the  joh  and  sent  the  Ford.  searchlight 
overdo  offer  itf  use  to  the  -ewark  Chief.  Also  went  down  in  my 

When  the  big  blaze  had  died  down  so  that  all  was  serai - 
dadkness,  we  drove  the  car  into  the  yard  of  the  'forks  and  theChief 
enthusiastically  welcomed  it.  Put  it  at  woek + at  once,  and  it  was  a 
revelation  to  note  how  that  powerful  beam  out  through  the  thick 
smoke  of  smouldering  oheralcalo. 

mhe  Fire  Commissioner  of  Newark  ’as  brought  over  by  the 
Chief,  and  was  very  much  impressed  with  the  light.  Told  us 
around  to  Fire  w eadquart era  tomorrow  to  quote  on  two  complete  out 

The  Supt.  of  the  forkB  arsi  wantB  prices  and  deliveries 
on  several  of  the  two  wheeled  outfits  for  Industrial  plant  work. 

Mow  as  to  the  business  end  of  this  proposition: 

I  did  not  deliver  that  memo  you  wrote  to  Thompson ,  because 
I  knew  there  would  he  a  disouooion  and  it  would  resultinmy  with 
drawing  entirely  from  the  proposition.  The  reason  iB  this. 

ahoutaith0andSroaU2inedltrishfor  the*  benefit  of  Lhs  company  to 

turers,  the  Comppny  ie  etill  burdened  with  the  Saleo  salaries. 

Service  etc. 

.^«e  a,  i  :&  fxrsjjrsr' 

ss-ss ,*!  S,rSiSS'S.*S3ST.CS^! 

;irt  aass  s;«b&n; 

snowed  under  by  more  important  buBinese. 


As  soon  as  this  search-light  -natter  was  pushed  aggressive¬ 
ly  hy  rae—after  I  had  conceived  the  whole  thing  and  got  your  per¬ 
mission  to  push  it/  Thompson  sent  a  salesman  post  haste  to  the 
Be la Val  Fire  Apparatus  people,  to  try  to  get  then  interested  in 
it.  i'o  date  they  have  put  in  r-o  orders  for  attery  that  I  am  aware 
of,  hut  in  talking  over  the  -ai.ter  with  hompson  he  has  openly 
stated  he  is  opposed  to  giving  me  or  anyone  else  the  right  to  tne 
us"  of  the  battery  'or  search  light  purposes.  Yet  with  about  six 
months  in  which  to  make  sales,  I  am  the  only  one  who  has  Phased 
any  searchlight  outfits.  Furthermore,  I  have  authorized  the  -a.tery 
Po  to  con  "act  with  the  general  Electric  Co.  for  my  account,  for 
fifty  projectors  to  be  delivered  within  the  year,  as  that  ws  the  onjr 
way  I  could  get  the  G.E.Co.  interested  in  wor-ing  out  a  projector 
for  the  purpose. 

Pew  York  City  has  purchased  from  me  and  has  installed 
three  complete  outfits,  with  charging  boards  J^L^mn^verv 

on  the  water  towers.  Expect  to  send  me  an  order  for  ten  more  very 
soon.  Jersey  City  has  gotten  the  money  and  is  about  to  order  one. 
t'ewark  will  buy  two.  Baltimore  wants  several.  So  does  Buffalo. 

Young  JCenlon  haB  jumped  into  the  Fire  Dept,  end  of  it 
with  me  and  haB  already  spent  considerable  money  in  travelling 
pvnenses  Chief  Kenlon  says  he  has  answered  many  letters  of  inquiry 
wSoh  ha^-e  been  directed  to  him  about  the  light.  If  given  a  free 
rein  and  fair  chance  to  go  ahead,  X  will  eat  the  job  up.  But  any¬ 
thing  t'  at  I  may  do  now  will  only  spur  the  De  a  Val  £e<?Vj!L~nAn 
and  after  I  have  spent  the  time,  money  and  effort  in  building  up 
a  demand,  they  will  step  in  and  reap  much  reward. 

It  seems  to  me  it  is  about  time  for  the  Sales  Dept,  to 
think  up  some  specialties  themselves,  or  apply  themselves  to  the 
hundredPofc  more  different  uses  you  and  I  worked  out  several  years 

This  letter  is  in  no  way  a  criticism  of  Thompson.  Uy  policy 
is  to  promote  rather  than  pull  down  the  welfare  of  every ' 
man  we  have.  If  I  hand  him  the  indefinite  memo  you  gaveme.he  will 
at  onoe  say  ha  has  been  negotiating  with  the  Be  la  Val Co.  and 
that  will  end  it.  You  told  me  in  the  Chemical  room  ^at  night  that 
as  the  originator  of  the  idea,  with  the  means  and  inclination  to 
pushittl  might  have  it  exclusively  for  a  period  of  two  years, 
with  privilege  of  expending  if  I  made  good.  If  you  think  it 
still' ,  I  will  go  ahead  and  push  it  for  all  I  am  worth.  But  X  do 
not  want  to  undertake  it  aggressively  and  spendmoneyonitifl 
must  split  up  with  other  Companies  who  may  ba  attracted  to  it  by 
the  headway  I  have  made  and  will  make. 

There  are  SO  many  lines  of  activity  on  which  that  Company 

I  had  rathhx  own  it  than 

concerned.  That 

For  the  sake  of  peace  in  the  fatally,  I  suggest  that  you 
treat  this  }&4f&  letter  .»Vmt.fivar  memo 

j  confidential,  penciling  whatever  memo  you 

deem  proper  < 

KwSKrSSSs  ar«i-s  ^  *”“»• 

Everything  is  progressing  smoothly  here. 

n-he  1-3  battery  teat  is  under  way.  Gas  analysis,  "hanti- 
tatiive  and  qualitative  will  be  made  tomorrow.  The  members  of  the 
Board  are  anxious  to  get  away  to  sea  and  wont  waste  mpoh  time  on 
fanoy  frills.  X  picked  that  board  in  itB  entirety,  and  had  to 
upset  several  Naval  traditions  to  get  men  taken  out  of  active 
duty  and  ao signed  to  such  a  special  test, 

mhese  tests  on  Edison  cells  will  be  followed  by  tests  on 
all  other  makes.  Ail  manufa  turers  have  been  asked  to  send  some  of 
their  submarine  cells  to  the  ■>Ta'ry  Yard  for  the  tests.  It  has 
stirred  them  up  considerably,  and  they  don t  lftke  the  outlook. 

I  really  think  the  E-2"bu3t  up"was  a  blessing  in  disguise  to  us. 

1  called  yeadowcroft  up  this  morning  to  ascertain  if  the 
■firelast  nimht  caught  us  on  acid.  The  Supt.  of  the  plant  told  0'Ka,,an 
we  had  16  tins  of  sulphuric  acid  in  the  blaze,  but  keadowcroft  says 
that  wont  hurt  us  any. 

Hot  here  today.  Almost  70.  Snow  melting  fast,  and  robins 
woodpecers  etc.  in  evidence. 

The  lecture  before  the  Technology  Club,  in  N.Y.  Friday 
night  was  a  success.  They  kept  me  talking  about  you  ^ree 

hours.  X  had  114  lantern  slides  and  several  reels  of  film.  when 
your  picture  came  onto  the  screen  at  the  end,  they  all  arose,  out 
of  respectl  and  gave  you  a  Boston  Teoh  yell  you  should  have  heard 
where  you  are.  I  am  to  repeat  the  lecture  in  Chicago  next  month 
for  the  benefit  of  some  cruelty  to  animals  society  which  the  society 
-  -  poxes  sell  at  $500.00  each,  Beats  $25.00  etc,  so 

separate  piece  of  paper,  to  be  sent  Thompson  by 
- - - —  !  v/ill  know  h0W  to  proceed. 

There  are  some  early  instruments  in  those  oases  that  crane 
back  from  the  Paris  Exposition  whioh  i  want  to  Photograph. 

Have  I  your  permission  to  open  the  cases,  photograph  the 

instruments,  and  return  them  to  the  cases? 

Then  I  make  a  pile  out  of  Submarine  Battery  I  am .5°^ 
put  up  a  fire-proof  building  somewhere  on  the  grounds  of  the  Lab  and 
install  all  your  early  models  therein,  as  a  museum.  Meanwhile  I 
think  I  //ill  make  a  trad;  with  a  Priest  to  say  a  mass  every  week 
so  they  wont  get  burned  up. 

}/y  respects  to  Mrs.  Edison. 



Starring  to  your  letter  of  February  23rd,  in  regard  to  our 
experience  with  the  Edison  Storage  Battery.  I  regret  the  delay  in 
replying  to  your  letter,  hut  same  has  been  caused  by  the  slowness  in 
getting  reports  from  our  various  Engineers  and  Electricians,  and  by  my 
continued  absence  from  the  city. 

I  have  now  had  full  reports  from  all  of  our  people  in  regard  to  the 
use  of  the  Edison  Batteries,  and  these  reports  fully  substantiate  my  own 
opinion  that  the  Edison  Batteries  are  very  much  superior  to  any  lead 
batteries  which  we  have  used.  We  have  them  in  service  on  sixteen  of  out 
vessels,  for  the  auxiliary  wireless  and  lighting  service,  and,  out  of 

batteries  is  exhausted  we  will  replace  them  with  Edison  Batt  .rie  . 

1Jy  experience  is  that  these  batteries,  while  costing  more  in  the 
first  place,  are  more  economical  in  the  long  run,  as  they  give  ^tt»r 
power,  are  taken  care  of  with  grater  ease,  give  us  mor°  nours  of  operation,, 
are  less  susceptible  of  being  damaged  while  charging.  the 

charging  rooms  are  well  ventilated,  and  th**  gas  Siv°n  off  has  be^n  hardly 
noticeable,  the  men  in  charge  not  experiencing  any  evil  f^lts  tVr.r  .from. 

On  th“  ships,  where  quarters  are  more  contracted,  some  gas  has  o  en 
noticed,  but  it  is  consensus  of  opinion  among  all  of  our  Engineers  tnat  the 

artless  sus'ceptibl  e  'of  being  damaged  whil  4  charging.  “^bee^hardl^ ytV 

charging  rooms  are  well  ventilated,  and  th-  gas  giv°n  th-Mrora. 

noticeable,  the  men  in  charge  not  experiencing  any  evil  f^lts  tVr.r  .from. 
On  th“  ships,  where  quarters  are  more  contracted,  some  gas  has  o  en 
noticed,  but  it  is  consensus  of  opinion  among  all  of  our  Engineers  tnat  the 
__  ..j  veifl  n-r-p  i  c  rmt  nq  rnu cYi  tVicit#  /rivsn  o'f'f  toy  3  ftfid  ton ttfcX'i -.8 , 

which  we  formerly  used,  considering  the  difference  in  size  of  the  batteries 
'i’hev  also  do  not  consider  that  the  amount  of  gas  given  off,  with 
ventilation  provided,  is  enough  to  injure  the  health  of  anyone  working  arc, 

After  using  the  bal 
great  that  we  have  decideu 
issued  our  orders  to  that  < 

,  v/e  have, our  confidence  in  th°m  i 
the  only  batteries  to  use,  and  h£ 


^--2  7// i 

Tjh :  c U/oiVK  -  S' 

illoyctil^  IJ/ts  ot  //MiZ 

Sal i.%  TTSTVAh  <r  A  >v  :  2L 

1,sS  / 

t+l\ r-<) L  cult  '  .' 


li~)  73-1/  " 

^73  <ft-4~l-t  n 
/  X  (W  " 

7o~6  (B-6  H  " 

CjO  A~  f  " 

*2.  tfi//  " 

9-^  " 

7.-  5-6  - 


I  am  sending  you  herewith  Ur.  Acker's  report  and  diagrams 
of  May  1st  on  test  of  heating  unit  for  starter  battery  bor.  As  soon 
as  Acker  gets  satisfactory  results,  we  expect  to  run  test  in  the 
refrigerator  room  of  the  Orange  Brewery  so  as  to  get  low  temperature. 
If  you  have  any  suggestions  to  make,  Mr.  Acker  would  be  glad  to  have 
them,  or  wouia  it  be  convenient  for  you  to  give  Acker  personal 




4,  1916. 

Mr.  Bachman: 

Attached  sheets  show  a  test  made  APri*  17“i?7*9+h!Lm™tat 

which  the  thermostat  operated^aatisf actor ily.^lurther^  the  vibration 

of° a1  oar’ if r it  is  mounted  vertically,  ^/^hicke^than  o^thos^jmrchased 


ssS?-^:  i—  this  *"• 

in  this  test  the  thermostat  handled  only  l/8  amperelEvolts.^ 


ffs!’ ‘IrriHI  sib  hshtfz 
»  “a.»t°.  si-f’jarrsa. 

«nss.?  fn“r-rrs*L°Lf;4«»  W •  ’«*•  «f 

nor  so  great  accuracy. 

I  will  send  rt^^St-xStiSoS*  has  bTen'redliotVit^t 
is  mechanically  very  good,  takes  hut  little  r  ^  &nd  fllled 

iniury  and  tests  free  from  grounds.  ™e  sxeej.  vuue  ton  lote.  The 

with  Alundum  #R' A. 305  cement,  v’h£°kc1|  orP0.03  ihs.  However  after 

resistance  wire  is  #81  advance  IE  ft.  or  O.oa^ioB  ^  ^  ^ 

making  several  of  the3% ^^stances  i^sid build them  in.  It  is  rather  fussy 
he  cheaper  to  use  a  split  steel  shape  to  -  ig  inside  fill  it  up 

.S’enflw  «  the  latter,  tra,  la  v.r,  ™o»  «- 

posed  to  injury. 

As  to  the  here.  I  have  g£S*JSX..i  ' 

and,  standing  them  inside  and  ^serving  *  resistance  in  the  box  and 

S&&  ?h.1:.itn^»*a»  ™.  1„.«.. 

A  B.T.U.  equals  0.292  watt  hours  and  comparing  the  ^esult^on 
this  basis,  the  two  methods  check .itho^and1^  by  the  electrical  method. 

by  the  electrical. 



According  to  published  tables  of  heat  conductivity  cotton  will 
conduct  heat  only  l/2  as  well  as  felt  or  inversely  is  twice  as  good  an 
insulator.  These  tests  however  show  the  cotton  to  be  at  most  only  15fr 
better  for  our  purpose  than  the  felt.  There  may  be  two  reasons  for  that, 
1st  the  tables  probably  refer  to  high  grade  materials,  whereas  we  have 
used  the  cheapest  felt  (10;/  per  lb.)  and  cotton  (6 per  ib.).  2nd  -  A 
large  percentage  of  the  heat  may  get  out  not  straight  through  the  walls, 
but  through  what  might  be  called  leaks  which  are  the  same  in  either  box. 

Thinking  along  this  line  I  had  box  #5  made  just  like  #3,  but  with 
l/2"  wails.  It  apparently  tests  out  to  be  just  as  good  as  #3,  and  seems 
again  to  indicate  that  the  heat  gets  out  largely  by  leaks  rather  than 
by  straight  conduction  through  the  wals. 

It  would  seem  that  a  further  test  of  the  l/2"  verses  the  1"  wall 
boxes  must  show  more  difference.  Possibly  the  fact  that  the  paint 
on  the  l/2"  box  is  a  glossy  black  whereas  the  other  is  now  rather  dull 
and  dirty  may  have  borne  effect  on  it.  However,  I  do  not  believe  a  1" 
box  will  be  enough  better  than  the  l/2".  The  1/2"  makes  so  much  neater, 
smaller  and  lighter  box  that  it  would  take  a  big  saving  in  watts  to 
justify  the  1". 

In  these  tests  the  covers  were  all  screwed  on  and  have  l/8" 
rubber  gaskets.  Also  all  the  holes  for  wires  and  thermometers  were 
packed  with  cotton  waste.  So  while  the  test  results  seem  to  point 
to  leaks  it  is  difficult  to  see  where  they  are. 


Comparative  'feet  of  Two  4  Cell  Boxee . 

*  x  6-7/16"  x  104" 
'  x  8-7/16"  X  12!" 

ineide  )  1"  wall  with 
outeide)  oow  hair  felt. 

Radiating  eurfaot  6.28  sq.ft. 

#1  Metal  &  Metal  eoldered  at  top 
#2  Maple frame  1”  x  1"  at  top. 

four  oane  of  hot  water  were  enoloeed  in  eaoh  and  allowed 

to  oool. 

#1 _  _ #1 

Time  Lhs. Water  °£  lbs .Water 

8:45  A.M.  12-11/16  163.5  12-10/16 

6:00  P.M.  "  99.  " 

Temp. Drop  " _  64.5  .  11 

B.T.U.  loes 


79  5 

B.T.U.  /  Hr. 



V/atts  Average 



Average  differenoe  above  room  temp.  54°^ 


Watts  at  40 °P 

would  be  19.1 


Watte  per  eq. 

ft.  at  40 °P  3.04 




Comparative  Teet  of  Two  6  Cell  Boxes. 

Eaoh  20-7/8"  x  6-7/16"  x  104"  ine ide  )  1"  wall 
22-7/8"  x  8-7/16"  12#"  outeide) 

Radiating  Surface  8..16  eq.  feet. 

#3  Cow  Hair  Pelt  &  metal  to  metal  eoldered, 

#4  Cotton  Batting  &  maple  frame  at  top. 



11:50  A.M. 
6:00  P.M. 
Temp. Dr op 
B.T.U.  ioee 

•  of  hot  water  v 

>  enoloeed  in  eaoh  and  allowed  to 




lbs. Water  °F 

19.25  157.1 

«  115.0 


10  30 


Watte  Average  49 

Average  differenoe  above  room  temp.  65  J? 
Watte  at  40°^  would  be  30 
Watts  per  eq.  ft.  at  40°F  3.68 






Comparative  Test  of  Three  6  Cell  Boxsb. 

#4  Cotton  hatting  and.  maple  frame  at  top. 

A  resistance  coil  was  put  in  eaoh  box  and  connected  in 


Each  20-7/8"  x  6-7/16"  x  104-"  inside  )  1"  wall 

#3  &  #4,  22-7/8"  x  8-7/16"  x  12f"  outeide  ) 

#5  21-7/8"  x  7-7/16"  x  ll|"  outeide  -  l/2"  wall. 

#3  &  it 5  Cow  Hair  felt  and  metal  &  metal  soldered. 

Watts  at  40 of  above  room  (average) 
Watts  per  sq.ft,  at  40°F 

NO. 18282 


May  12th,  1916. 

Ur.  Edison! 

I  quote  as  follows  from  a  letter  received  from  Ur. 
Maurice  E.  Fox,  dated  April  24th,  in  reference  to  the  business 
of  Edison  Accumulators,  Limited,  London: 

"The  affairs  of  Edison  Accumulators,  Ltd.,  have 
followed  their  normal  course  since  my  last  writing. 
(Jan. 16th, 1916)  Between  that  date  and  the  present, 
the  following  sales  have  been  made: 

22  industrial  trucks 
2  Half-ton  chesses 

2  One-ton  ohasBes 

3  Thirty-cwt  chesses 

23  Two-ton  " 

2  Three-ton  " 

5  Four-ton  " 

3  Five-ton  " 


.’.toy  lfcth.  ,1916. 

Mr .  Mudd : 

Mr.  3remmer  of  your  department  is  supposed  to  send 
over  evory  day  the  report  of  orders  received,  orders  shipped 
and  cells  assembled,  The  report  I  refer  to  is  the  one  on  a 
little  slip  of  papor,  which  has  been  Eent  to  mo  regularly  for 
the  last  two  years. 

Ur.  .Edison  is  very  insistent  on  having  these  reports 
evory  day,  and  if  they  fall  bohind  he  does  not  like  it,  and  is 
beginning  to  ask  who  is  responsible  for  the  delay.  So  far  I 
have  managed  to  stave  off  trouble,  but  it  is  bound  to  come  some 
day  if  we  do  not  get  the  reports  regularly  every  day.  Then  he 
will  ask  the  name  of  the  man  who  is  responsible  for  the  delay, 
us  ho  did  recently  in  a  somewhat  similar  case  down  in  the  ihono 
graph  iiorkB .  Heedless  to  say,  some  discipline  was  administered 
X  am  writing  this  note  to  you  so  that  wo  racy  not  have 
any  similar  trouble  in  this  case. 


In  ansv/er  to  your  request  for  price  and  printed  mat¬ 
ter  relative  to  electrolytic  cells,  as  advertised  in  Metallurgical 
and  Chemical  Engineering  magazine  for  May  1,  would  say  we  immediate- 
ly  wrote  the  Electro  Chemical  Company,  of  Dayton,  Ohio,  and  they 
answered  under  date  of  IJay  15,  which  letter  we  enclo  se  herewith. 

As  you  will  note,  they  referred  us  to  the  Warner  Chemical 
Company,  of  Hew  York  City,  with  whom  we  communicated  at  once.  We 
enclose  this  letter  also,  together  with  circular  mentioned  therein. 

In  connection  with  the  price,  you  will  note  that  same  is 
given  approximately  in  pencil  on  letter  from  Warner  Chemical  Company. 
We  tried  to  get  them  to  specify  some  definite  figure,  but  Mr.  'Earner 
says  it  depends  entirely  upon  the  number  of  cells  purchased  and  the 
particular  layout  designed.  If  I  remember  rightly,  it  was  this  con¬ 
cern  who  gave  us  a  quotation  on  an  electrolytic  cell  during  the 
past  winter. 

I  expect  to  be  in  Hew  York  tomorrow  and  will  take  the 
matter  up  further  with  them  on  the  basis  of  converting  chloride 
of  potash  made  from  feldspar  into  caustic  potash,  in  quantities 
sufficient  to  supply  us  with  electrolyte. 

Yours  very  truly 



W  fcltrtva  (flljemtral  Glompattg 


Electrolytic  Cells 


Mty  13,  1916. 

Hdison  Chemical  Works , 

Silver  Lake,  IT.  J. 


insworing  Mr.  liillor ’e  letter  of 
j,!ay  10th,  regarding  electrolytic  cells,  our 
cells  tire  for  the  production  of  Sodium  Hypo¬ 
chlorite  only.  If* you  are  interested  in  any¬ 
thing  of  this  sort,  v.o  will  he  very  glad  to  quote  . 
prices,  etc.,  upon  receipt  of  further  details. 

We  believe,,  however,  what  you  need 
is  e  diaphragm  cell,  such  as  are  made  to  produce 
chlorine*gss  and  caustic  soda.  Our  colls  will 
not  serve  the  purpoeo  of  manufacturing  caustic 
potash,  unloss'there  was  quito  a  change  in  tho 

V To  suggest  that  you  write  the 
Warner  Chemical  Co.,  52  Vanderbilt  Ave.,  How 
York  City,  who  manufacture  diaphragm  colls,  and 
they  can  perhaps  supply  your  wants. 

/e  stated  above,  if  you  desire 
cells-for  producing  Sodium  Kypochlorito,  wo 
can  undoubtedly  meet  your  requirements,  and 
would  bo  gli  d  to  hear  from  you  further. 


yours  very  truly, 

rixfjpgpyno  cHstiic.o.  c  oir  ihy 







rC  C 

U  <-f 

i.K-  .  f  f  &<■  Cl  (  t'rfQ 

'c^ccCflX  c  T ^C^JCy,- 

(±cx.^(,c  ^Ccc^C.  *-?«*••• 
[(cc  <rC  r  rc(hC.  C  tic  ric CMu;c 



■  fk&> 



Ipj  loj lb 

Solc^L  jzosi+iot-  4‘ufc’  of  an  (fo/i^on.  Ctll  l*n  ih 
out/a krrh  7)^^tiot  /ron  Cajwc/Af , 

■  Hence,  ooz,  can  cms'uUr  o^h^lfb  a*  a,  h^h-f^akit 

amt.  _ 

(Z  6j-n  Cl  I  I  math  tSo/4  Uj  cm 

l1\t  ^niL  5/^.fc  of  -ftofo  -  3/lo"-  *S  <51  ctH' 

d/Cj'U  has  -hubs  Qh+ j3^  jpt»U,  U  f>J«Us) 

CL  (jj-ll  S)iHb  j-enr^T-J—  list ,  hss  3o%  % 
mna7\nfaciMUrs  ,  <rr  ~Y)lt'  $  t  J,  ~~ 

"tuhi  f-ffuuwhnt  Df/jqtiot  Cwftoc/ly 

7 Pi  n  frn,  /  ojfrk  *  ccrm/f) an^inj  Win t  ?  H,  5 £//  fn  / 

fffn  it  ^3-  ^ycsnii  fctr  iuk-foolxit-mit- 


(Oui  d/  tfrii  'yooehan'lt  j**! 

SjrtdSj  jtths,  T wlrlrtr  j^rhj  ^IqyuAs,  Ca  ri/j  fr^  efunlui'h 
foXC-torij  (D/Z/v  <fj  idQlv  Snok.  jzy  yf . 

I  also  oaffylfiu  sqycrnfa  must fry 

A(ff  Siliiup  adutYtisnip  ins/ncti^Y ^HwnitL  a^cf 


In  Ikl  fic/ctn  Cwtraot  dif 

Sztti-tfrr  /aee, 

ft /y,&~  n  joskih-  J' 

UjTtt  taoky  too  iulrv*  Ttnn  arc  $0  frcfrrh , 

Tftmfnz*  sad*  b^h.  frdaf  efrac/t-f 

✓uW-  stlh  Atrr 

v  z^iz^ctnh. 

y&w  kaiTL  "ft o  o^sf  4rr  ^neh}  jobs, 

'TuirlriY  friTS,  t/ldyu/b,  Oan/,  -hay,  r  frciny 

dV*rfafr  {Q  ^ok  shM*  frrT  > 

,  J/<m  knrz,  iu  c-n^t  jrr  admit  *  my j  im^ci/n\fj 

0<lhj/i\  ‘strmti/  ioftt\  fpuvthnt  ^dmnnlYHiin 

Q  <,t/iiiu^  .;  k ajrzjX l±o  j*  vjn  tl'jJ  all  vfiruict  ynji  U±  m 

1i\1  c-t  ■— 

~~1t\  oTfar  CWYth  ,  -^fcnAs  IjfY  ’t'H'fe'A  O*oj 

hookih  ?}  *p  ■  v*  If  Vt  t  inn  mm*  1M  ft  ohtn  Cm  iw&h, 
fitrCiYii*  oohaf’  Hm  jjcr  ^ 
cmfrL  tf'H  ctH,<ru/\  qmiiOK^/i  fr^t 
kantyj-  fry  jrr  oil  frhs,  qrifcj nrnlthr frrfij q/wtU, 
caw,  ttptm/u'if  factmj  rrsrhttcj  tyrafr  frrf 

q/jls{  afr  ktonTit  wh  &  Hi  *f  j  cttlvtY  fiimy?  > 

Ccrli  ml %trncL  \Y\5f>iLtt'w*,  ^taYaril**- ,,  adymmsfahn 
tyfrysi  cufr  Sit! I  Hirn>c  &  frrfrf’ 


'Sjiia/Onf  ir\  hr  ms  dm  h- 

d  '/+ "  h  in.  _  aotm  w/i  h.  rui  /  *4  Zt  "  !o  wj , 

4<ul&  cahe  cw+intrf  o7-0  7.!T6(*  Outran^. 

A  V/,  'htfc. ,  ditto,  /t*h  ,//  ?  ^  </  c«/k.  inch1*’ 

..ifmjnt-  A1/*1. Aik.  k «4  buy  hwi  7th 

]cuhc  mkriti  yn<rkr/*4  TFrt  *. 

■  Sj/A'^ah.  ka4  - 

Oaa  Ct'f  hew  no  -‘If"  Jufos, , 
tlO  X  hill  ~  2 ./3,  rr  j*'** oh e a /fy  Tti‘c  TluMtei' 
fft  juhA  77T7>(  /-n  ^  , 

]a  6-c  sciih  jrr  />u  3o%  jut  qP 

"2-/^  ■hulrt'jit/c.ltA  <Awh<frf~-  hr  1 11  ^ 

rfeii  f-4-3  ctn-h  fnntiititf 
\6p\ds,  jmlUj7aHttr  ijkndi,  Oa n /  /W^, 

| ;  g^-u-t  fe  H  f*  j“«  t/Wvh  C  ec^  ^  ftu4'  j^t  Yh‘ 

|| C\ko  jyv  si/lhij  ,  tn-dirzvtuiiujy /  ft II. ft \  5<  wx-i  !M/>!(t/fty 
udwwsMfa  Sh/I 

|  )i  mi.  o\  j>rrfi'f.  1 

P(jU  A'i/f  firm  h  ckwi  -Ufa- j»  oh  is  a,  lent 
?h°/v  wh(ft  im  ftit  frr  a  cmpih  fl-p 
tfuwakttl-  ik  *} &' tnk  ctH.1 % 


..  (X  SMdfl  </}  faqur'U  Oi/lJl  j/l&W 

.'jfPA  Tttuf  16  UiTn r  <n  hoy  nth  fas  fa 
ylVakiHj  ,  SithiLfj  ,  5 1  yi/ic \  utd\  cvuimnirwof 
,  f\  cuu{  6j  Cl/16  GT  rtut/k  rh  joy /if 4 

..  ujc  an .  O'Sknui  it/chus  Show  a  iUrj ! ht  rfa 

"-fat-  __ 

7 tof  ktiji  (fjon/y 
l/lCltW'j  fa/Cn, 


it  oua  4  (w  ft]\  a  rf  fa  ~U  i  fatfh 

faic\  hayyivf  oy\  l/f£kfi  i  ’bdtfis  fack'fc, 

..  UJl%  CtHilftnuf  hrtj'ir  faifat  Wr  /  fat 
;.  'Jti t  coryiwni/fiYy  /  j  Oua  6  hunmat/c , 

,  iy\  l/nw  <ff1h  fat  Iprr  up  win  f 

;.  lilt $  fin  hi K  dud  fan  H-i  imbsl  inttrfJf 
■  cw'U-fa  Syjutrs  <GU}(j ,  mhnitnu/  if/Uin 
thtoMt/k  Ivy  i  Ink  fifty  a  I  tiffinri 
5avilh )  tiiyitj  fimllij  fjfftnuj  /turn  Tv  Must 
:;  O-ctl  Vi  Yh'lfftz  YU<~(  '/YiA  iit{  ptC-fa  YZ-,  cofa  Qvyn/d^r 
jj  Iti  %uiryvtaYivit  SlfaiuHfaSlh<wi/k'mj 

|i  fyiuuj  Shi  rid wk /  wh <m  m iJ  fa‘  w 

I'l/aihuLffiT'*  i$jxc:t«//ij  /Jgy  ftii )  fay  fa  a.  , 

/  am  ivoimif  1/  khwi  Ttwr  T°/»  fa 
jjl',  y\if  fan  fit  'dm  wdl  cmtftr  1**  ■ 

aifu-  ftpi*.  W,  Amx-  yii  to  din  j  hd  $  I 'nun  it  /F 

d  rm 

rfu  Ofawfatdj  coti/cf 

,<TK  A  tioiu{  <S  ci//<>  faj- 
show  mfa  a  6  mu//  fa 


(j(~  (  ]  -  4"  ohumO-  'U  hMCUoT>u 

rmU.4  «*, .  ^-7/'  / 

^  tUlA  n  '  ^ 

C-A/j^Lc^  c  C4^r%  -$3i*fc~ 

OY  /» 

in  s<i(  4*^ _ _ 



■'°  ffytfj'A  'WJtziy'i  "ZjddOdv  o  ■ffh 

tj  nyj  ‘it  f  ~  4%  0  o/Ytf*  <*  f«-*l~' 

unload  Y^00  !  r  0-S7  3 





Received  at  16  BROAD  STREET,  NEW  YORK 

N  BR  457  RH  20593 




••hem  Sailing*  ‘.'i!'.' . u  i 


Ilh  th 

V'V/J^  -r^vvv 

'ry  ? 

7A  t  ■yvi aM’ty  <Tl  Cka\ufn^i  ~1ti  jnm  (f^  *Vx — 

Ctrmty  }a^L  faafmU  i  fe  OMjjfrmli  eruA  \iniUauj  tW<* 

jrdttuq  ^  itti  k*y$  aw-lttu. 

Kuuk  (UuW-YV  I")  'l't'i^i> ,  Vh  <AlC(  WUt  lt/'Mthf 
ffjicfrntirs-tettto  6)  tfc\  fatfcui  j 

(a)'  ~0/y>L  ayuo'isM'fiL  A  ■nfw  sttucJ^  a-j  *aa. — 
Wfc,  f^cnt'V  t4iuj(Mut(  'M-\  'tfct  ht-ti&Hj, 

(Jr)-  ~dUllMA,j  tfcjt/h  ait  srw&iuz  as  $ uioou, oo <1 tJl 
Jrcitthdvop  <n«jTiti  r^hMdijj  dj~ft[  auu  dninj  sr~ 
’t^YYi-f  A<-AiZuUj  I'Y'jr&l'l  OOU.J  fty  td/Sfy\st~i 
-]1u,  dvJiJ  ffW/Wy  lYUUtL  -4m  6jhtll\  %  'MrU-Ut  ^c  - 
Zumco  V-MKy  ayyulhm%  fftk  tti^Uui  t  { 

J$t7u,j  (\ rait/K  1 Wl'lsinj  7t~  suuijm.  -«  i  TIu^\  ■ 

(dj  Out  OaoXs  cU~a</Y  $  Goo.aoo  ~  tucY/A  '^A- 
4 p\*5pwic(  4m  AO<a  Yfrmy  fllary 
Om^\  (tua/  /tf/W  nr'Ma&Mi'tuF*  <?)'  uin-itAud 
A'/lUOw+a  A-a^  <vw  tyu-iYd  j  2liYU  'Pm  jjftoxs 

tAj-U  fcumA  tfiCla^Y  '/tjw't  JH-'UV' 

(Jj-  JUvu  <ia  atJ  SVwhd  fyfiutiiAs 

svvhbk  G.CnM’Uwitoflr  OccCi’Uu  ,  nr6**L*q 
JJ(jOtd\  (rYLOUoj  Tc.  /k)  yi  <iAi<lJ[All/d  S (TU6AK. 
(j^  ytfuu  U.  tfc  YUdjZ^rM^uu  Ay  /tti\ 
&4i/ta^  ^  utyduZhn  +Z-  " 

{ty  ''6wWu^tt4w /Y  fru/y)  att  'Mflr Stdsfj/zZfaf  Zj~ 
/UUa  ttrr/A  A\1n1aMA\  'Ouul^  f~(Ptrfui  u^ 

&a/l.  &Ury0J-(  auA  MtfZyjn'i  i&odr  ■ 

August  16,  1916. 

V,J.  A 

LJ  ’ 1 \  ,  ... 

^UlvA,'C^  Y  ^ 

u’uU^-' I  0v 

__  tkc 


(3..VU.  ‘2f-|«-c/u- 


::l":i  ,.-( . 


Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Thera  has  been  much  talk  over  hire  recently  among 
hankers  and  others  about  ESTABLISHED  IEDDSTRIALS.  The  times, 
money  conditions,  and  tamper  of  the  Investing  public  seem 
‘  ‘  t  for  floatations  of  thiB  class  of  enterprise  on  a  large  / 

UVcCtXc  C  W<9-«a  f  0  ^  ^ 

It  has  occurred  to  me,  -  Why  not  divoroe  the  storage 
batteries  from  Edison,  Ino.  and  commission  me  to  negotiate  a 
deal  to  put  one  over  that  is  really  worth  while.  If  the  subject 
Is  fit  to  talk  about  advise  me  and  I  will  run  over  to  see  you. 
Even  if  the  suggestion  Is  valueless  end  there  is  "nothing  doing" 

I  would  be  glad  to  hear  from  you.  Have  you  anything  now  coming 
out  soon  that  needs  a  helper  about  my  size? 

With  kindest  personal  regards,  I  a 

Very  truly  yours L  \ 



c.  W.  McMORRAjST 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  t ^ 

Oranee,]*.^. , 



e  Xs. Office 

Fow  in  the  halls  of  the  U'.S.Offi 
buildings  in  Washington, E.C. ,  there  seems  to  be  a  mile  about 
floor  and  two  and  from  the  Senate  office  building  and  the  C 
bulind  these, as  per  cut, could  he  used  a  hundred  o£  of  than, 

HAD  AK  EDISON  STORAGE  BATTERY,  which  would  do  away  with 
noxse  which  would  shut  off  the  hind  shown  in  the  cuts.  I  t* 
would  he  a  fine  entertainment  to  have  these  -SB^HOBl^.with 

;  face  batteries, and  submit  this  suC(jestion  to  you, 

the  profits, or  amnount  of  sales 

You  remember  I  had  the  honor  of  standing  with  you, on  tne  Court  Of 
Pleanty , at  the  Expo  sit ion, San  Francisco  .when  25000  were  waiving 

yo  ,and  we  had  a  little  chat. 


THE  WORLD:  WEDNESDAY,  AUGT.TST  23,  .  1016. 

I  skate-mobile  tandem  sWHITE  SLAVE,  ILL,  GROSS  FIRE  LAXITY 


i  TO  INDICT  QUICKLYi  IN  01  A1”' 

David  Parish,  Alias  Siberia,  Wi* 
ness  in  Another  Case,  'r' 
to  Tombs  on  Girl’' 
of  Rare  Br 

£/„  . 

.  I/y, /,».■. .  .■;*/#  Zf  //«.»* 

^LmTCL  "2duwru. 

•  $u/*)/f'  •  7i7.j  />y7/r  &7/J0S*  :>//<>'/ s/ys-  -  Tts////  ?//. 


’.  ■'  /V- 

J M/AMP  14th  September  ,/^6. 

.S’.  II’. 

N  Accumulators  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

FOB  Edison  Laboratory, 


startinc  &  Ignition  Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

uchtinc  I  returned  safely  after  a  slow  trip  on  the 

"New  Amsterdam" ,  and  since  my  return  I  have  been  busy 
ain  light, nc  with  ,^^8  that  have  been  left  for  my  attention. 

I  am  returning  today  to  Hutchison  one  of  the 
ess  telegraphy  COPies  of  the  letter  agreement  modifying  our  original 
..  contract  signed  and  sealed  at  our  last  Board.  Meeting, 

.R,HE  vessels,  etc.  •  and  j  m  the  other  copy ,  which  I  will  return 

,  -  by  next  mailin  case  this  first  letter  is  lost,  as  it 

,om plete  possibly  may  be. 

rac  vt  HICLLs  i  thank  you  for  your  kindness  during  my  short 

,ure  Cars  stay  in  Orange,  and  I  can  assure  you  that  the  results 

I  expect  to  obtain  will  be  entirely  satisfactory  to  you. 
ercialVans  ,jhe  £njv  trouble  now  is  that  the  battery  works  have  not 
vet  delivered  a  number  of  orders  placed  some  time  ago, 

1U8ES  and  we  are  getting  short  of  cells  to  fill  our  orders. 

I  am  sorry  to  say  that  I  have  not  yet  been  able 
vay  Cars  to  obtain  a  solution  regarding  the  shipment  of  industrial 

diamonds  that  you  require,  and  it  is  very  difficult  to 
motives  change  anything  in  the  rules  laid  down.  It  appears  that 

a  large  number  of  industrial  diamonds  have  gone  from  the 
=HES  United  States  to  Germany,  and  the  special  committee 

appointed  on  this  matter  works  very  slowly.  I  will  advise 
Mr.  Enery  by  cable  as  soon  as  I  have  a  final  answer,  but 
it  may  not  oe  favourable. 

With  best  regards 

Yours  sincerely, 

30pean  Office  a^nd  Branch  Factor 
tesham,  Condon.  N.  England. 

General.  Offices  and  Salesroom, 703  East  13™  Street 

Branch  Salesroom,  1150  Broadway  \  j 

Office  ol  the  Factor*  710  East  14th  Street  <0  />  V  „  \  .  . 

sept.  ^ >  / 

^Ed'ipon  Storage  Battery  Co..  x\  .  if 

West  Orange,  If.  J. 

1 4‘~  -  . . ~  w//  xy^>/. 

GjmtXerrien : -  ^ 

^  While  the  writer  was  visiting  your  plant  last  s^jj-in^  V 

Vf  .y  / 

with  the  Harvard  engineering  Society,  he  had  the  pleasure  o# say  y y  ^ v 
ing  your  "tube  seaming"  machines  which  make  the  tubes  for  yoi^r  yA.  ^  \, 
storage  battery.  So  that  you  will  understand  just  what 
we  enclose  a  clipping  from  one  of  these  tubes.  ^ 

We  are  very  much  interested  in  securing  a  similarity  ^  > 

machine,  but  to  be  used  for  an  entirely  different  purpose  tha^^yA 
own.  We  would  wont  the  machine  for  making  pencil  tips,  (the  qj&llty  . 
ferrules  which  go  on  the  end  of  a  pencil  to  hold  the  rubber^.  / 

what  conditibns  you  will  give  us  the  drawings  i 
inform  us  where  it  could  be  built. 

(  One  ) 

October  9,  1916. 


Mr.  Edison: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  a  cablegram  from  Mr.  Monnot 
dated  London,  asytasmiHxxifci  October  7th,  as  follows: 

"Cable  received.  Have  consulted  my  patent  attorneys,  who 
state  positively  you  can  send  batteries  formed  without 
injuring  patent  situation  on  account  our  having  worked 
process  continuously  before  war.  Forming  here  would  entail 
further  delay  and  as  delivery  is  vital  please  send  battery 
formed.  Had  recently  two  more  interviews  with  clients 
and  have  arranged  for  other  orders  provided  first  order 
is  delivered  promptly  as  delay  is  cause  of  whole  trouble. 

If  drain  tubes  causing  delay  omit  same  and  cable  at  once 
earliest  delivery.  Also  if  you  still  need  Fox  le  can  sail 
next  Saturday  if  necessary. 


m.  h.  HUicfej/soi; 

Copies  to  Messrs.  Bachman  and  Thompson 

Oct.  20,  1916. 

.ir.  Edison: 

In  reply  to  this  letter,  I  sent  the  following 
ijahlegrain,  deferred  rate,  to  Monnot: 






2  and  3  Puke  Ct. , 

.London,  S.  \7.  ,  27th  September,  1916. 

Dr.  Li.  Hutchison, 

Chief  Engineer, 

Edison  laboratory. 

Orange ,  II .  J . 

Uy  dear  Hutchison: 

I  received  your  letter  of  the  seventh 
instant  enclosing  copies  of  letters  you  have  addressed  to 
Sir  Trevor  Dawson  and  to  the  Xiavul  Attache  in  Hew  York.  1 
do  not  suppose  it  is  any  use  for  me  to  make  any  comments, 
as  what  you  have  found  out  is  exactly  what  I  told  you  and 
Ur.  Edison  I  expected  would  happen.  But  I  did  nibt  think  it 
had  already  gone  so  far.  I  am  having  an  appointment  with  the 
Admiralty  to  clear  up  this  matter,  but  the  worst  is  that  I 
have  learnt  this  morning  from  a  reliable  source  thtt  dickers 
are  going  on  making  preparations  for  manufacturing  and  have 
made  a  thorough  investigation  into  the  patent  situation  here. 
They  have  stated  that  one  patent  was  expiring  soon  and  that 
they  were-  going  to  apply  for  the  right  to  use  the  existing 
patent  on  the  ground  that  we  do  not  manufacture  in  this 
country.  You  will  remember  that  they  have  already  stated 
that  to  you  through  their  representative.  I  was  also  told 
that  they  knew  a  great  deal  wore  than  I  did  suspect,  and 
that  they  had  been  watching  me  for  over  twelve  months.  They 
must  have  spies  everywhere.  The  worst  of  it  is  that  you  made 
such  case  of  Saville.  You  will  remember  also  that  I  told  you 
that  I  would  not  have  anything  to  do  with  Vickers  or  their 
people  and  this  makes  my  conviction  still  stronger,  and  I 
suppose  that  all  their  staff  has  been  trained  to  their  way 
of  doing  business.  I  could  say  much  more  on  this  subject, 
but  it  would  be  of  no  use  at  the  present  time,  but  I  wish 
you  would  impress  on  Ur.  Edison  the  absolute  necessity  under 
the  present  circumstances  of  arranging  promptly  to  give  me 
or  Edison  Sd-ioea  Accumulators  ltd.  the  exclusive  license  to 
manufacture  cells  under  his  different  patents  in  this  country. 
From  your  cablegram  1  know  that  you  are  now  convinced  of  this 
and  as  Vickers  may  make  an  application  at  any  time  to  the 
Commissioner  of  Patents  for  the  use  of  the  British  battery 
patents  I  ought  to  have  this  contract  farxkxx  from  Hr.  Edison 
so  that  we  can  defend  the  case.  At  the  same  time  I  think  it 
would  be  well  for  Ur.  Edison  to  give  me  power  of  attorney  in 
this  matter,  if  he  has  no  legal  representative  here,  to  take 
up  the  matter  with  the  Commissioner  when  called  upon,  as  if 
there  is  no  defense  Vickers  application  may  be  granted  with- 


rm+  n  hearing  If  ha  has  a  legal  representative  here  pie  as e 

as  we  have  been  doing  the  work,  incorporating  it  in  the  cells 
and  forming  the  batteries. 

I  would  suggest  that  you  take  up  this  matter  with  Mr. 

agrees  ’T?  ££  “tS'S^tS  “^nse  right 

away  the  papers  should  be  drawn  up  immediately  and  signed 
"by  him,  and  sent  to  me  for  signature. 

I  am  sending  you  this  letter  through  my  brother  in 
Paris,  so  that  he~may  read  it  before  it  is  postet  . 

With  regards  to  all. 

Yours  sincerely, 

(signed)  J.  F.  IiOHUOT. 

Cc*.  Oc.U'Al 


ihe  electric  buttary  ia  a  device  by  which  potential  energy  is  made  avail-  ' 
able  in  the  form  of  olootricity  by  .means  of  chemical  re-aotione. 

Batteries  aro  of  two  general  cla3aos,  -  primary  and  secondary.  She  latter 
aro  usually  lenovm  as  storage  batteries  in  this  country,  aivl  as  accumulators  abroad. 

Primary  batteries  consume  their  elements  in  the  production  of  oloctrioity, 
or,  to  be  more  accurate,  change  their  chemical  condition  in  such  manner  a3  not  to  be 
readily  restored  to  an  active  state  -  the  action  i3  irreversible. 

Storage  batteries  change  their  chemical  form  in  such  manner  as  to  be  read¬ 
ily  restored  to  active  condition  by  the  passage  of  an  electric  current  through  them 
in  the  reverse  direction  -  the  action  i3  said  to  be  reversible. 

Storage  batteries  in  turn  are  subdivided  into  tvo  general,  classes.  gho 
older  of  these  is  known  as  the  lead-aoid  type.  It  is  represented  by  the  products  of 

praotioally  all  the  competitors  of  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company.  2ho  Edison 
battery  i3  the  sole  representative,  with  one  or  two  minor  exceptions,  of  the  alkaline 
type  of  storage  battery.  .  •  . 

In  basic  principle  the  two  types  aro  the  same,  but  materially  they  are  en¬ 

tirely  different. 

Electrolyte  Solution  - 

Positive  .Active  Hate  rial  -  -  -  -  - 

negative  "  "  - >  -  - 

Supporting  material  of  the  Plates 

Cell  Container  of  Jar  -  -  -  - - 

Plate  Separators  --------- 

Lead-Aold-  Alkaline 

Caustic  PotasJj  or 

-  -  Sulphur io  Acid  Caustic  Sola. 

-  -Peroxide,  of  Lead  liiokel  Hydrate 

-  -Sponge  lead  Iron  Oxido 

-  Lead  Hiokel-plated  Steel 

-Glass  or  Hard  Rubber  "  "  " 

-  Thin  woodensheet3.  Hard  rubber  BtripB. 


/■.'>  -  •  EheVfioienoy  of  the  Bdiaon,  over  an  oxtondod  jfiriod,  la  ogye.1  to  that  of 
tj^iend  .'-V  «»  ******  it  la.lcarer.  tut  its  efficiency  ia  retained  v/hile 

tLjt'Yf  the  lead  littery  gradually  falls  off.  But  acids  from  this,  the  difference 
in '^ff&iehQ^ia^ot  important.  Of  the  entire  ooat  of  operating  a  truofc  (including 

depreciation,  interest,  eto.),  the  cost  of  current  doeo  not  exceed  10  percent. 
Therefore  a  difference  of  even  20  peroent  in  efficiency  would  mate  a  difference 
of  only  2  percent  in  the  operation  of  the  vehicle,  which  is  insignificant  be¬ 
cause  it  is  many  tines  offset  hy  savings  in  other  respoots. 

4.  Kffoot  of  oold. 

Ihe  effect  of  oold  lias  been,  ontirely  nullified  hy  suitable  battery  com¬ 
partment  design.  To  substantiate  this,  it  is  only  necessary  to  mention  the  fact 
that  completely  satisfactory  service  has  boon  rendered  throughout  winter  seasons 
in  such  localities  as  Winnipeg,  Canada,  mere  temperatures  as  low  as  50  and  40  ds- 
gress  below  zero  persist  for  weelcs  at  a  time. 

There  are  various  typos  of  MdisoR  batteries,  designated  by  letters  and 

numerals,  as  A-4,A-8,B-G,J-9,G-7,  etc.  The  letter  indicates  the  hind  of  plate  in 
the  cell  and  the  numeral  indicates  tha  number  of  positive  plates,  tho  number  of  nega¬ 
tives  being  always  ono  more. 

fA“  and  "B"  plates  are  thicker  than  "G"  and  "J"  platoa,  but  otherwise 
all  are  alike  in  construction.  "B"  and  "J"  plates  are  half  the  size  of  .a.  and 
"0"  plate3  respectively,  that  is,  "B"  and  "J"  typs  oells  are  approximately  liali  tnc 
height  of  "A”  and  "0“  typa  cells. 

There  are  also  "If1  type  oells  for  minors'  leaps  and  Motorcycle  Lighting 
and  "3"  type  oells  for  oubmariues. 

"A"  and  "0"  ty’O  oells  are  usod  for  vohiolos  and  for  other  heavy  ser¬ 

vices,  the  »(J»  type  being  offered  in  speoisl  caeos  v&ero  high  dieohargo  rates  are 

ngn  and  >'J"  typo  cells  are  usod  for  lighter  sorvioos. 

'  She  principal  uses  of  the  Bdioon  battery  are  as  follows j- 
nn-nv.uc.TAT.  TUUClGa .  This  tern  includao  all  street  vehiolos  designed  to 
oarry  merchandise.  In  this  field  the  saloon  Battery  holds  from  35^  to  40^  of  ell 
the  fcuoinoso'-in  tho  United  States* 

4  ’ 

tioa.  About  thirty  (0)  roads,  (among -them  such  important  linos  as  the  J?onnsylvaaia 
H.H.,  Central  H.IU  of  new  Jersoy,  Baltimore  &  Ohio,  and  Illinois  Central),  have 
signed  agreements  for  the  exclusive  use  of  Edison  Batteries  in  one  or  more  of  tho 
atove  sorvioes.  In  the  ordinary  031  lament  of  a  day  coach  an  Edison  Battery  saves 
one  ton  in  weight  -  860  Its.  against  2880  Its.  and  each  tray  ia  of  such  weight  as 
to  to  readily  handlod  ty  one  man.  In  signs lids  andswitch  service  a  great  saving  in 

tovrar  opnetruotion  onpenso  is  effected  ty  the  «30  of  Edison  Battorios  tecau3e  of  the 
absence  of  fumes  injurious  to  surrounding  apparatus.  With  the  lead  battery  a  sep¬ 
arate  battery  house  or  room  is  usually  built. 

December  4,  191G. 

Ur.  It.  A.  Bachman; 

Herewith  I  hand  you  a  letter 
from  Mitsui  &  Co.,  ltd.,  in  regard  to  the  sample 
board,  which  1ST.  Edison  is  presenting  to  the  Kyoto 
Imporial  Univeroity. 

you  will  note  that  when  the  sample  board 
is  ready  it  is  to  be  forwarded  to  Mitsui  &  Co.,-.vtd. 
Engineering  Department.  26  U&dison  Are.,  Sm  lork 
City,  H.Y. 

Will  you.  pleas o  rive  instructions  to  have 
transportation  charges  prepaid . 




^  ter  a-. 

/  ,-t  ot  "feH-  ,/■{  .  4/\  V  •' , 

44  4  a'u4>  /-4  r//- 

4/0^ ,  wwk  &  trw*i^  surfpt't'oZ^ 

y(/Li>,\\  .  ,1  t  ' 

'^nrtc^mi  4  •-44c.  ^ rn w 

^  I' l/^  "  <P«^,  H  -t 

"  4/11  0^ 

U/M/l' WoLlM&'A  •  ^,/UI  W*|  ffi-  ;  / 

/Jto/  Cn//^  How-  &**  ■ 

Dec.  18,  1916. 

Mr.  Edison: 

I  received  the  following  cablegram,  dated 
yesterday,  from  Monnot: 

gable  name  ahalihe  die  depesred  to  by  MR.  edisoh 
DURING  conversation.  urgent. 


He  evidently  refers  to  a  conversation  he  had 
with  you  when  he  was  in  Orange.  If  yoa  can  remember  it, 
and  will  advise  me,  I  will  communicate  with  Monnot. 


December  23,  1‘J16. 

Hr.  Edison: 

About  eight  months  ago,  v;e  sent  over  to 
ihe  Davy  Yard,  Brooklyn,  a  few  of  the  Type  M-8,  minim 
lamp  cells  ,  to  enable  the  Uavy  Department  to  determine 
just  how  long  a  lamp,  depending  upon  the  Edison  Stora? e 
Batteries,  could  be  loft  standing  nnd  still  get  enough 
light  out  of  the  lantern  to  be  of  practical  utility 
in  time  of  emergency. 

The  cells  we  sent  over  were  made  up  from 
the  tubes  taken  from  the  cells  we  made  m  for  Ford,  and 
as  you  know  we  have  had  trouble  with  tubes  made  up  from 
these  Ford  cells  which  were  left  standing  in  a  dry,  unformed 
condition  for  quite  a  long  time. 

In  the  tests  that  were  made  on  those  cel  Is 
we  sent  the  Havy  Yard,  the  cells  were  first  overcharred 
three  or  four  times  to  be  sure  that  they  were  fully 
charged.  They  were  of  course  discharged  after  each  charge. 

On  the  last  overcharge,  they  were  put  on  the  shelf,  and 
at  the  end  of  one  month  one  pair  of  cells  was  taken  down 
and  -put  into  the  mining  lamp  case,  the  time  it  would 
bum  the  lamp  a  certain  minimum  candlenower  noted.  At 
the  end  of  two  months  from  date  of  charge,  a  second  pi  ir 
of  cells  was  token  down  and  so  on  every  month. 

The  results  of  thetest  were  very  disappoint¬ 
ing.  From  previous  experience  with  Edison  Cells,  the 
personnel  of  the  Uavy  Yard  expected  ' o  be  through  with  the 
test  and  to  0.  K.  Edison  Batteries  for  use  in  lanterns  of 
this  type.  But  the  result  of  the  testabove  referred  to 
rendered  this  impossible. 

Saptain  Burd  says  he  would  like  to  carry  on 
another  set  of  tests,  and  for  that  purpose  would  like  to 
have  two  docen  cells,  or  twelve  pairs  of  cells  for  mining 
lamp.  He  wants  to  be  sure  that  the  cells  are  of  the  te  st 
possible  construction,  so  that  they  will  show  up  well  on 
the  test. 

I  therefore  suggest  that  you  0.  K.  this 
memorandum  and  I  will  pass  it  along  to  the  Storage  Bat  tery 
Company.  I  feel  sure  that  they  will  take  extra  precautions 
to  have  the  batteries  in  first  class  condition  before 
sending  them. 

The  shipmnnt  is  to  be  made  on  consignment  to 


Maohinery  Division, 

Hew  York  Kuvy  Ya rd 

Brooklyn,  Hew  iork. 

M.  H,  HU2CHIS0H. 


7th  f/wn 

%  O'/i) 

0  hn  i  yifitnj  Uftfn  f'j 

071  £  01  fiM/O  7)o.  2.  <s3" 6t  <,  j  /  ~ 

<$/ 1  f"  /w  /v  i4o  /  v  ^  i  <■'  7; 

feW  6 


2jn\  Mill..  OK  .(ten 
3  (aj/K  (J-ftiYimA  ^r- 

<:L  At .  5>/  J>  />W  <yf~fWH 

Shljj/iAUj  ' 

c£Zc  ~$/)}k 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1916.  Battery,  Storage  -  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company  (E-16-09) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.  Among  the  documents  for  1 91 6  are 
items  concerning  investor  relations,  product  guarantees,  and  royalties 
accounting.  The  correspondents  include  stockholder  Arthur  I.  Clymer  and 
Stephen  B.,  Mambert,  vice  president  and  financial  executive  of  Thomas  A. 
Edison,  Inc. 

Less  than  1 0  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected .  The  material 
not  selected  consists  primarily  of  routine  interoffice  communications  and  other 
items  pertaining  to  sales  and  marketing. 

Edison  storage  battery  comp; 

Mr.  Edison  and  file:-  Q^3'' 

v'oich  Mr.  Hutchison 
copies  of  for  his  us 

In  the  first 
that  these  guarant. 
and  in  the  second  place! 
is  too  broad  to  put  out 
Hutchison's  evident  int| 
the  ignition  and  light! 
guarantee  and  I  do  not  i 
guarantees  in  this  manner. 

/2ti  tT£  £y,  s-r**# 

$  hercrto  copy  of  blanket  guarantee 
3  ask era  that  we  print  two  hundred 
1  sailing  wireless  or  gun  firing 

e  it  has  always  been  my  understanding 
only  issued  over  your  signature 

think  that  the  entire  auarantco 
i  wholesale  lots  as  it  is  Mr. 
don  to  do.  Practically  all  of 

sets  which  we  sell  are  sold  without 
why  it  is  necessary  to  issue  these 
Until  I  receive  instructions 
from  you  to  put  this  form  of  guarantee  out  or  to  issue,  for 
that  matter,  any  form  of  guarantee  for  Ur.  Hutchison,  [  do 
not  feel  that  I  have  any  authority  whatever  in  the  premises. 

!  how  ycu  wish  me  to  handle 

Enclosure  -1 


Edison  Storage  Battery  Co. 

O  range  ,N.J.,U.  S.  A. 

THE  EDISON  STORAGE  BATTERY  COMPANY  hereby  guarantees  as 
follows  all  Army  and  Navy  Special  Edison  Storage  Cells, 
indicated  by  the  letters  "ANS"  stamped  on  the  filler  cap 
of  each,  and  purchased  during  the  year  1915. 

If,  at  any  time  within  a  period  of  five  years  from  date 
of  shipment  by  us,  irrespective  of  the  number  of  cycles 
of  charge  and  discharge  they  will  have  had,  any  of  said 
cells  are  found  to  be  incapable  of  developing  rated  cap¬ 
acity  after  a  charge  of  twelve  hours  at  normal  rate,  we 
will,  at  our  discretion,  either  repair  said  cells  to 
restore  rated  capacity,  or  replace  with  other  cells  of 
proper  capacity,  free  of  charge,  f.  o.  b.  our  Works, 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 

At  any  time  during  or  at  the  end  of  the  sixth  year,  we 
will  renew  all  positive  plates  to  restore  the  cells  to 
full  rated  capacity,  for  one-half  the  orignal  price  of 
said  cells: 

PROVIDED,  however: 


(a)  That  all  said  cells  have  been  purchased  by  the  m 
government  directly  from  our  Main  Office,  Orange,  New 

Jersey,  and  not  through  any  dealer.  '  ' 

(b)  That  all  cello  are  installed  in  a  manner  approved 
by  us. 


(c)  That  all  said  cells  are  cared  for  and  operated  in  .  / 

accordance  with  our  standard  printed  .instructions.^ 

A.9  -VH*7  ft  'Jlvtfsu.ovl  -K4U  . 

(d )  That  the  Commissioned  Officer  directly  in  charge  will 
give  his  attention  to  the  mixing  of  the  dry  chemicals 
and  distilled  water  when  necessary  to  renew  the  solution 

in  any  of  said  cells,  and  as  to  keeping  the  cells  dry  and 
clean  externally. 




*  1^  ‘j^rfmnry  ?.7th,  1916. 

^  is^c 


— —  ,  value  of  the 

would  accordingly  request  that  you  inform 



.  is  necessary  that  I  ascertain  the 
surity  as  of  the  dnte  of  death,  and 
a  any 

sales  or  quotations  of  the  above  seourity  that  may  have 
occurred  at  any  time  near  the  date  of  death.  The  above 
corporation,  we  know,  is  a  rather  close  corporation,  and 
in  order  to  arrive  at  a  fair  appraisal  of  tho  seourity  held 
by  this  Estate  it  will  bo  neoessary  for  you  to  furnish  us 
with  n  statement  of  assets  and  liabilities  and  inoome  aocount 
for  the  years  of  1913,  1914  and  1915. 

I  trust  thnt  you  will  see  your  way 
clear  to  submit  this • inf ormation  as  soon  as  possible  and 
remain,  ^  \ 

Very  truly  yours, 


‘J  ^  ^  ' 

0*t4<  Hvitfe  )'(*& 

£<J5U~  W  1  -S7.J *-»«■«„ 


w*.t{  tflLv*«&*-v\fA*>  W^K  d  ^ '' 

IVert,  Ghi^,*  February  21,/; 

me  a  hundred  st 
you  asked  bei^j 
in  the  manufactlu 

u'l^O)  fjJ 

\  Viu  Wert,  Glue,*  February  21/19162-  , 

Iva.  <_v vvttj  /C«  ^a  ct-*.|  <"  f  ^  -i5  <r>rf 


‘^ago,  you  very 

jlrv  cw-wt  Lv-fa  ou.*««Aj  jf^f  •  p 

My  dear  ^  J  U>U  K^Uvva  ot^*- 

nanufacttae  of  the  ILdiscn  battufwthat  I  went,  to  an.extreme 
oWI^*v^^,^Sil|®ae^^insf}  Inti  y 

and  hopefully  from  one  year  to  another,  in  tjje-pxpectation  of  divi¬ 
dends,  and  the  investment,  figured  at  six  percent,  now  stands  me 
over  *13,000.  The  fact  that  there  are  nO(&fc»l».wids  near  in  sight, 
need  not  cost  you  a  moment’s  anxiety  or  unrest;  for  you,  as  you  so 
richly  deserve  in  view  of  the  priceless  benefits  you  have  conferred 
upon  the  world,  are  a  rich  man  in  point  of  health,  happiness  and 
material  reward.  (Although,  I  am  well  aware  that  you  have  not 
received  one  ten-thousandth  part  of  what  you  have  been  entitled  to 
for  your  inventions  in'  universal  use. ) 

My  own  financial  situation,  1  regret-  to  confess, 
in  not  comforting  or  reassuring,  and  I  beg  you  not  to  think  me 
presumptive  in  making  a  second  request:  it  is  a  favor  which  you  are 
in  position  to  grant  me  if  your  kindly  spirit  move  you  to  do  so. 

In  view  of  the  price  I  paid  you  per  share  (*100)  for  the  battery 
stock  and  the  five  years’  use  of  the  fund,  will  you  be  good  enough 
to  give  me  a  hundred  shares  of  Thomas  A.  itoison,  Inc.,  in  exchange 
for  the  hundred  shares  of  battery  stock  ?  The  many  friendly  letters 
which  I  have  received  from  you,  Mr.  kdison,  have  made  me  feel  that 
you  take  an  interest  in  me  and  1  shall  feel  grateful  to  you  beyond 
expression.  Anxiously  awaiting  your  reply,  I  am 

^  jfojMvrs  u«^ 

your  favor  of  24th  alt.  was  duly  rece 

.  M?ii.  Jhvs 

wherein  you  stated  that  you  could  not  very  well  make  the  exchange 
I  suggested.  1  gave  yon  the  situation  with  reference  to  my 
financial  condition  and  will  ask  you  if  you  will  not  kindly  receive 
back  the  100  Edison  storage  battery  shares  which  you  let  rae  have. 
Taking  them  at  par,  —  the  price  I  paid  you  for  them,  —  you  will 
have  hod  the  advantage  of  five  years  and  four  months’  use  of  the  money 
or  the  equivalent  of  a  6?  annual  dividend  for  that  length  of  time. 

your  reason  for  having  preferred  not  to  make  the 
exchange  of  battery  shares  for  fbos.  A.  Edison  Inc.  most  have  been 
that  the  latter  has  a  larger  surplus  —  I  do  not  kon  whether  the 
latter  company  is  paying  dividends.  I  cannot  blame  you  for 

nob  wishing  Vo  make  this  exchange  of  shares  if  it  would  be 
to  your  disadvantage.  But  I  do  most  earnestly  beg  that  you  will 
not  refuse  my  present  request,  in  view  of  the  fact  that  you  have 
already  owned  these  shares  and  they  undoubtedly  are  worth  more  non 
than  they  were  when  you  sold  them  to  me. 

Anxiously  awaiting  your  reply,  I  am 

Box  351 

yi  yours  very  truly, 



*  Jr  S  V 



1  y-  ft* 

fc^St X  Ivcwt  luwe* 

V  P  Maroh  4th,  1916. 


^.lAk  &<•«,*«.  Jr  usk*-* 

-p)  (M,a 

^  y*.  A  n^  f— 4C  " 

I  have  Been  appointed  by  tHe  Comptroller 

B  expert  appraise r^rfVunJi n t ejl’  p e o _  t  t  ,.v, 

urities  for  the  Transfer  Tax^Apprafe|£s  Yor^S^at^,  . - 

Dpon  the  request  of  the  appraisers,  X 
have  to  report  upon  the  value  of  the  above  security  which  is 

of  the  State  of  Hew  York  a 




PEARS'  SOAP-.\,. 


<?•-<.  t  lV  A  V*,  it^y< 

2-  /  ~  /  6 

y^- ' 

J-r /— 

**-*  +*atr£zz<  *  7un*~ 

a. t  7t  jf-’tyZ  .72 

•fr  y-L*  ~h  Jf^y  Jfy' 

•  / 


>y,i  7?, 

“7  ^  -  -w' ^ 

d  f  7  7/  c  (A.CTGTy 

.  ^ 

>.-7  ^  ^  7^ 

y  . «* 

-uc^i^,  etvc-'L-ci  r;~ 

7*sL  ^777^^77  v  7'‘"^'"''? " " 

3£l  uric, C  ^1 




36S  &  367  CANAL  STREET 


^  o'- 
,  ^ 

7%,  A  </r , 

Q  -Ti-kl  <^c  OuCu-  Cr- 

3*  u*.7Z*.  *-  „ 

/( vJ^-r  ■"-■  yj" ' 

y.tfL.w^A-c^v.  <x  ,,c^  ^  ^  r/c\  ‘ 1  ,  "<'  ^ 

CA*  ^  xr-T^K^.  »--»  i  C-/i'il7/«M>1^  (%+.&*■  t,^'****”'0*'  <■  •  *(-"■&  ^  .’A  'V 


'A  K 


i,i-^x  -y  /  -'•• 

a/  r2)  —  -  ^ 

a’v.^1  Z..ZZ>  C  V-'-J'  A.  *//l-  Z'V" 

A-/  -A',  .^'  -A  ft  »'-*  <*■'•/ 

L  . .  -7  y *■“_ V- £  “'*"'7'~.t' 

U«A>  ?«.  ^ 'V"  '•v4'*""  "" 

- -■  t*  Av 

'  ./  T  <Vf  L< 


7*  S^c  ^  /  *  - '  ^  'J 

^  '  /./  .  ,'Y  s's  7  ^  ^  ;vt 

^  v_  Z  i,-,.  .  j  v  ,  /■  iy  ttt.l:*")'  •Jtl  HVle  !'< 

A'  '  •  *  ■ 


^[/'  ffi-  V*-*  ■^rv/‘'W' ^  C  ^ 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison  : 

hted'to  read,  in  your  latest! 


x  OIU  delight^fto  read,  in  your  latestj  kind  letter,  % 
that  the  Edison  storage  battery  business  is  doing  splendidly,  and  am 
not  at  all  surprised,  as  I  have  had  the  very  highest  expectations  for 
its  ultimate  success,  ever  since  the  day  I  read  the  f j.rstj3xtendea 
anj  all-absorbing  description  of  it.  ^ { \  «**}  L*  *-r  O.L**-1* 

I  \  i  have  just  read,  in  a  city  paper,  the  following  ^ 

f-.  v#  ;  on  some  Prussian  state  railway  lines,  storage  battery’1 
[/  /  cars  are  being  operated  at  less  expense  than  either  \ 

steam  or  gasoline-electric  cars.  / 

—  It 'occurred  to  me  that  you  might  care  to  obtain  definite  informaticfr 
as  to  the  characteristics  of  these  cars,  either  through  correspondence 
with  some  scientific  or  railroad  friend  in  Prussia,  or  through  some 
railroading  friend  here  who  can  obtain  the  information  through  a 
qualified  Prussian  correspondent.  I  have  thought  that  they  may  be 
using  some  advanced  type  of  gearing  or  other  mechanism,  which,  plus  the 
Edison  battery,  would  enable  you  to  put  out  an  equally  desirable 
storage  battery  car  at  home. 


October  50,1916. 

I2r.  A.  I.  Clymer,  ‘ 

Van  Y.oxt,  Ohio. 

Dear  Ur.  Clymer:  _ 

let  me  say  in  reply  to,  your,  favor  of  tho 
26th  Instant  that  i  3mon  all  about  tho  Prussian  railroad 
esporiraont  and  have  all  tho  data  relating  thoroto.  I 
hop o  to  do  something  -on  this  line-in  this  country,  but  it 
is  hard  to  get  the  plan  started.  — 

Yours  very  truly. 

.  3SQ C 

O.TE . 11-18-1C . 

effective  Continuously 

'joci'Q tail al  Curvice  Dept.,  Ar Chur  Maid,  Seo'y 
3.  B.  ilambert,  Vice  ‘-resident  L  financial  Executive 

Division  in 

Quostion:  Export  Division,  T.A.E.lnc.  and  Sales  Division 
£.  3*  B.  Co.  proper. 

Mr.  Kellow  and  the  writer  had  a  short  talk  this  P.  id. 
regarding  the  subject  of  henuling-  tho  accounting  in  connection  with 
royalty  on  the  books  of  fhomua .  A.  Edison,  Personal  end  E.  0.  h.  Co. 

fue  Edi son  Ecorago  battery  Co.  has  maintained  on  itB 
boots  an  account  called  "iloyalties”  separate  ana  distinct  from  the 
"Laboratory"  account  and  have  credited  to  said  Hoyal  ty  account  all 
cnarges  to  cus  toners  for  royalties.  Up  until  recontly,  the  f .  A.  E. 
Personal  carried  no  account  on  their  books  against  the  Storage  battery 
Company,  for  these  royalties,  but  recently  we  neve  gotten  In  agree¬ 
ment  on  this  matter. 

Y/e  propose  that  both  the  Pprcom  l  and  the  storage 
battery  Company  will  continue  to  c arry  a..' qeparn to  account  for  royal¬ 
ties  on  our  respective  books  and  not  confuse  them  with  the  other 
charges  to  and  from  Hiomns  A.  Edison,  Personal. 

“Dis  Storage  Battery  Co.  will  at  the  end  of  each  month 
render  to  ffiiomas  A.  Edison  Personal  "Hoyal ty  Account"  n  credit  memo 
covering  tho  amount  of  royalties  charged  customers  during  said  month, 
with  the  exception  that  royalties  in  connection  with  sules  to  Lonnot 
will  be  handled  on  the  following  basis: 

fhore  is  a  special  agreement  whereby  ilonnot  has  made 
a  deposit  to  Hr.  Edison  of  ..Lb.OOb.OO  agsinst  which  deposit' one-half 
of  the  royalties  on  all  ooIIb  shipped  to  him  is  to  be  charged. 

Our  former  procedure  in  this  matter  (when  ws  were 
handling  it  through  the  Export  Division)  was  to  bill  “Ii_ 

sion  will!  the  full  amount  of  tho  royalty  and  credit  Royalty  ^ount 
on  our  general  ledger.  Bhen  Hr.  ilonnot  paid  his  account  to  ^e  Export 
Division  he  mode  a  deduction  for  one-half  the  amount  of  the  royalty, 
which  was  billed  back  to  us  by  the  Export  Division; jiredl ted J 
and  charged  to  Hoyal  ty  Account  by  E. 
handle  tho  tlonno  t  royalties  i“ 

(b)  On  our  invoice  to  Konnot  for  cells  we  will  charge 
the  full  amount  of  the  royalty. 

w  propose  to 

(b)  Bonder  a  credit  memo  applying  againBt  the 
charge  for  royalty  for  one-half  the  amount  of  the  royalty  "on 
of  deposit". 




cti.ry,  Edison  Storage  Batteiy  Co. 


°AT6 . ii-ee-16 . 

Viet'  'res' l.  i.  Ainanoi cl  Executive 

Division  in 

Question:  Export  Division,  E.A.E.Inc.  end  Solos  Div. 

E.S.B.Co.  proper. 

(o)  Bender  e  credit  memo  to  'f.  A.  E.  Persond  for 
tlio  mil  amount  of  the  royalty. 

(d)  Render  a  charge  to  .l1.  A.  1C.  Personal  for  one-half 
of  the  royalty,  deducted  "on  account  of  deposit". 

(e)  Wo  rocommona  that  tho  total  amount  standing  to 
tlie  credit  of  Royalty  Account  on  K*  S.  B.  Co's  hooks  be  paid  in  cash 
with  tho  exception  of  an  arbitrary  figure,  may  .j 300. 00,  to  cover 
royalty  not  yet  collected; 

(f)  On  the  first  of  each  month,  thereafter  to  pay  to 
B.  A.  Edison  such  royalties  as  we  have  collected  in  the  previous 
month  as  determined  by  the  cash  book,  leaving  any  balance  open  on 
Royal ty  Account . 

Ur.  Kellow  will  handle  tne  eituation  on  the 
i'.  A.  Edison  Personal  books  along  the  following  lines: 

(a)  Credit  Lounot  "Royalty  iepositf  account  with  the 
523,000.00  deposit. 

(b)  Credit  account  Royalties  Earned  with  all  royal- 
tieu,  per  credit  memos  of  the  Storage  battery  Company. 

(c)  Open  a  oopurate  account  with  Edison  Storage 
buttery  Co.  called  "Edison  Storage  Battery  Company  Royal  ty  Account" 
ana  charge  to  this  account  tho  amount  of  all  credit  memos  rendered 
by  E.  3.  b.  Co. 

(d)  Credit  E.  3.  B.  Co.  with  amount  of  one-half 
of  royalties  billed  db  shown  by  their  debit  memorandums. 

(e)  Charge  Eonnot  Royalty  Deposit  account  with  one- 
half  of  royalties  os  shown  by  E.  3.  B.  Co.  bills. 

ARfflUR  ilUDD,  Secretary 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co. 

_  Ueasrs.  Chas.Edl son-II.f .Uillor-R. W.Kellow-G. I.Owen- 
1  H.Uuek-H.ti.  Bene  tend,  P’lynn-  Coggins-  Bremer- 

^  December  11,  1916- 

5  ^.^ax^i.-a.-j  BrtM  InrO-asfai# 

-Edison  Storage  Battery  Co-,  ctM>M  '  '  /  .  -  /£>-<*) 

°range’  8‘  °*  **,  -r~  '  J.  f^^t***  KS 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison  :  1  j 

I  was  much  gratified  4^-^  aUlggr^ rom ^ ..*,* 
you  a  few  weeks  ago,  that  the  batt^y  ^ny  ^Join|^finely^and  ^ 
am  not  surprised-  to  learn  that  it  irparti^pa^ng  ij^the 
industrial  prosperity  of  the  ^ 

me  that,  the  company  was  then  earning  enough  to^justify^i^^f 

« no. «»  «.  *«=«  t... 

m  B“a'  “*"ina  *°  **»  “£^T,JElpc  ^Sw-  ’isitT 43®P  , 

oo.M  ««»°«  a°»“  «- 

this,  after  having  waited  patently  and Jopef^ for 

« c“» 

*  “«“3 

I  have  feltTveJ  confidence^  commas, w,,f 
*  *■  - 

»ve  been  encouraged  ^9  belxevUba^  g^nitial  o.ife 

.  _ ...  J£*r  ft?  nrovimn.  -Tt.  ^ildUJ^JT 

rexerreu  w,  *  — .  ^  ^  Vl4i>  ** 

dend  may  probably  be  expected  Jap^t  ^roxirno^^  *CS>  ^ 

Of  course  Ish^ 

with  what  particulars  your  time,  wallow,  «^e  *»!* '%"£&&* 

company  has  been  getting  in  the  past  u.®0  $+2"££~~~r.o 

hopeful  of  our  getting  a  large^r^ofjhe^ub^nine  battery  business, 

from  this  and  foreign  countries,  in  view  of  the  extroardir^ry  plans 

and  immediate  demands  for  sut-sea  vessels. 

May  I  ask  along  what  lines  our  increase 

in  orders  is  materializing  ?  Also,  what  is  our  present  capacity 
and  the  number  of  cells  at  present  manufactured  per  day,  and  the  amount 

December  13,1910. 

Ur.  A.  X.  Clyraer, 

Van  Viert,  Ohio. 

Dear  Ur.  Clymor: 

•  '  replying  to  your  ;favor  of  the 

11th  instant,  lot  mo  say  that  no  have  scarcely 
any  War  businosB  with  tho  Storage  3attory.  Our 
troublo  Is  to  compete  Kith  the  lead  battery. 

V.o  propose  putting  in  a’’ plant  to  roll 
our  own  stool  doKn  from  thin  bond-  else  to  tho 
very  thin  size  to  use.  V.’o  also  contemplate  a 
plant  to  make  our  own  hard  rubber.  These  Kill 
require  a  good  part  of  our  profltB  for  nest  year, 
but  Ke  will  then  be  in  a  position  to  give  Doalors 
a  greater  discount.  They  Kill  not  handle^  tho 
Battery  at  present  unless  no  do  so'  and  no  have 
always  been  compelled  to  coll  direct. 

We  have  sold  only  threo  submarine 
batteries.  Ke  have  to  fight  a  hard  combination 
which  doos  things  ko  cannot  do.  n 

lours  vory  truly. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Birthday  Greetings  (E-16-10) 

This  folder  contains  letters  congratulating  Edison  on  the  celebration  of  his 
sixty-ninth  birthday.  Among  the  items  for  1916  is  a  letter  from  journalist  John 
A.  Sleicher  reminiscing  about  Edison’s  demonstration  of  his  tinfoil  phonograph 
in  January  1878  at  the  Western  Union  headquarters  in  New  York.  Also 
included  are  letters  from  longtime  Edison  associates  Sidney  B.  Paine,  manager 
of  the  Mill  Power  Dept,  at  General  Electric's  Boston  office,  and  Frederick  A. 

Less  than  5  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  Most  of  the 
items  not  selected  received  no  response  from  Edison.  Some  bear  his 
marginalia,  indicating  the  reply  of  a  simple  "thanks." 




February  10/1916 

My  dear  Mr-  Bdison: 

Let  me  congratulate  you  on  your  birthday  and 
wish  you  health  and  happiness  for  many  years  to  come. 

It  is  a  long  time  ago  that,  while  I  was  the 
agent  of  the  Hew  York  Press  Association  in  the  Western  Union 
Building,  I  was  called  downstairs  with  the  other  press  managers 
to  see  you  make  your  first  exhibit  of \ the  wonderful  phonograph. 
I  shall  never  forget  the  weird  feeling  I\experienced  when  you 
talked  and  crowed  and  shouted  into  the  little  instrument  and 
then  reproduced  your  voice.  Out  of  that  production  has  come 
the  finished  product  of  your  genius.  Long  may  you  live  to  enjoy 
i  honors  so  wo  rthily  conferred  upon  youX 

irely  yours, 

general  electric  company 


84  State  Street,  Boston,  Mass. 
February  10,  1916. 

,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Llewellyn  Park, 

Orange ,  II .  J . 

I,Iy  dear  Hr.  EdiBon:- 

I7ill  you  kindly  accept  my  hearty  congratulations  on 
your  sixty-ninth  birthday. 

It  does  not  seem  possible  that  it  will  be  . niity-five 
years  next  October  since  I  formed  connection  with  your  Company. 

As  I  look  back  upon  those  earlier  years  and  consider  what  has 
been  accomplished  by  you,  X  think  I  can  appreciate  -  possibly 
only  to  a  limited  extent  -  the  tremendous  debt  which  not  only 
this  country  but  the  world  at  large  owes  Thomas  A.  Edison.  You 
not  only  created  an  art  but  devised  ways  and  means  of  turning 
■  that  art  into  science,  and  the  name  which  you  have  made  for  your¬ 
self  will  never  be  forgotten  so  long  as  civilization  endures. 

I  consider  it  the  greatest  honor  of  my  life  to  have 
been  associated  with  you  in  those  early  pioneer  days  and  I  have 
been  very  grateful  that  through  all  these  years  that  connection 
has  been  maintained.  You  must  feel  gratified  when  you  think  of 
the  achievements  which  you  have  accomplished  -  but  to  my  mind 
there  is  a  greater  monument,  which  you  have  created,  in  the 
affections  and  esteem  of  those  who  have  been  associated  with  you. 
I  sincerely  trust  that  you  may  be  favored  with  many  more  anni¬ 
versaries  and  that  your  powers  to  think  and  achieve  may  remain 

unimpaired  for  years  to  come. 

•  February  11 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Mr .Edison: 

Will  you  please  accept  hearty  congratul 
from  ”rs .Schef Tier  and  myself  on  your  69th  birthday? 

It  is  almost  thirty  five  years  (Hay  30, 
is  wonderful  hov;  T.A.E.  associates  can  remember  date 
I  had  the  pleasure  of  taking  up  some  work  for  you  at 
Avenue.  Even  at  that  time  the  "boys"  used  to  speak 
as  "the  old  man";  and  there  was  just  as  much  sense 
doing  so  at  that  time,  as  there  is  now. 

long  live  Edison! 

Sincerely  yours 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Book  and  Journal  Orders  (E-16-11) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
books  sent  to  Edison  or  ordered  by  him.  Among  the  items  for  1916  is  a  letter 
from  Brentano's  regarding  the  renewal  of  Edison's  subscription  to  various 
periodicals  sent  to  daughter  Marion  Edison  Oeser  in  Germany,  along  with 
Edison's  comment  that  he  would  "like  to  know  if  these  periodicals  ever  reach 
her  address.  I  myself  cannot  even  receive  letters."  There  is  also  a  carbon  copy 
of  a  letter  from  Edison  to  sanitation  engineer  George  A.  Johnson  thanking  him 
for  his  book,  The  Typhoid  Toll,  and  remarking  that  "two  of  my  children  have 
had  typhoid."  Other  correspondents  include  William  G.  Frost,  president  of 
Berea  College,  who  presented  Edison  with  a  copy  of  Horace  Kephart's  Our 
Southern  Highlanders ;  and  Charles  E.  Speirs  of  D.  Van  Nostrand  &  Co. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
material  not  selected  consists  primarily  of  routine  orders,  letters  of  transmittal, 
and  unsolicited  correspondence. 

Browne  Carburetors 




V — February  2,  191°. — 


\  , 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

West  Orange, 

Hew  jersey. 

Uy  dear  Ur.  Edison, 

We  are  sending  you  herewith  auto¬ 
graphed  copy  of  Ur.  Browne's 
"A  Handbook  of  Carburetion" ,  Just 
off  the  preas  of  John  Wiley  t  Sons, 

Critics  who  passed  upon  the  original 
manuscript  consider  this  work  to  he 
the  most  complete  and  comprehensive 
treatment  of  the  subject  to  date. 

Engineers  recognise  the  importance 
and  necessity  of  a  standard  of  carbu¬ 
retion.  We  believe  that  in  compil¬ 
ing  and  distributing  this  work, 

Ur.  Browne  and  this  Company  have  con¬ 
tributed  much  to  that  end. 

Very  sincerely,' 


Heakst’s  International  Library  C o. 

Ur.  Meadow  craft,  /  )  /  s\  \  Q  ) 

o/o  Thomas  A.  Edison  Cot,  f  /  ^  I 

West  Orange,  /  v  \  I  K 

Dear  Ur.  Meadow croft: 

/One  of  our  men,  who  left  suddenly  for 
the  west  last  west,  told  me  as  he  was  leaving  that  he 
had  called  on  you  to  see  if  Ur.  Edison  would  be  interested 
in  presenting  a/large  number  of  copies  of 

"Defenseless  America"  to  his  anployees.  Ur.  Maxim  has  ^ 
waived  his  royalty  interest  in  order  to  allow  wide  distribu 
tion  of  the  book  in  the  cause  of  preparedness. 

/  Our  Ur.  Leussler  gave  me  the  impression 
that  vou  thought  Ur.  Edison  might  be  interested  in  doing 
he  quoted  you  a  price  of  $250.  a  thousand 
at  which  we/are  selling  many  thousands. 

ltow,  in  talking  with  Mr.  Maxim  this  morn¬ 
ing,  I  told  him  the  facts,  and  knowing  hfB^iend^Lf°r 
to!  Edisori  asked  him  if  he,  Ur.  Maxim,  wished  us  to  make 
to!  mfoS  the  same  cost  price  that  we  give  the  author  on 

I  have  sent  you  a  complimentary  copy  of  the 
Urr^Ejisonls  Interested? 

Very  truly  yours. 

Feb.  28th.  1916. 

I).  Van  Hostrand  Company, 

2b  Park  Place, 

iiev;  York  City.  Attention  of  Ur.  C.  K.  Spolre. 
bear  Speirs : 

few  days  ago  you  sent  no  four  or  five 
books  on  approval,  with  a  bill.  1  have  mislaid  the 
bill,  and  would  be  glad  if  you  v.iil  kindly  send  me  . 
a  duplicate. 

Ur.  Edison  wants  you  to  send  the  follow¬ 

"fext  Book  of  Organic  Chemistry" 

"Electro  Chemistry  of  Organic  Com¬ 

Lob-lorenz . 

Published  by  John  iiiley. 

V.iil  you  kindly  send  those  to  mo  and  oblige. 
Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  i.5r.  Edison. 

(jy~$~cx  fan 

J-Ooc-  (  lOcoCL  c>^  -  &ysitLutZ~ 

&U (  i-i  co/i , 


CJnn-  )  i-  /Cn^t^-  ~~ 

J4.  ;/.  q 

jp:  ,  ";  ' 

7(  ft?  /4-zp  c  ^st  /  c<-A~ 

/  r 


^  T  '(’i'l'Uls  <£•'  (--0  r *—«  ■<*  r~(s~. 

uL  c>y  (T 



;,1r.  ”/m.  H.  Meadowcraft, 
Laboratory  of  ”hos.  A.  Kdison, 
Or  an  {re,  K.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

With  reference  to  your  order  of  January  2Gth,  we 
are  sending  Parts  I.  and  II.  of  Dyson’s  "A  Manual  of  C hemic 
Plant”,  which  is  all  that  has  so  far  been  published. 

This  is  to  be  a  subscription  worb  consisting  of 
twelve  parts,  and  in  accordance  with  the  publisher's  arrange¬ 
ments  we  are  otfr  bill  for  the  price  of  the  entire 

boob,  and  which  is  to  consist  of  twelve  parts. 

Part  III.  will  be  published  some  time  this  month, 
and  subsequent  parts  will  follow  at  intervals  of  about  a 


D.  VAN  nos  IP.  A'lffirOOMP  a::y  . 



^  ft 

OH  MB. 

^O/idoeea/ct/  ^ioAa-mAcvd  o/f  (iso»>  merer 
e,/  /Ac  Sfttafa  ^ond/ 

276  ?oat  street 

Llewellyn  nark, 

’Vest  Oranr-e,  K,  .T. 

•  With  our  coimlinonts  we  are 
separate  cover,  for  your  perusal 
'.'History  of  Tour  of  united  states  by  the  Honorary 
OoTnmerciir'Coraralss Loners  of  China".  which  we  trust 

will  ho  of  intorest. 

Several  hundred  copies  of  the  booklet  have  hoar, 
forwarded  to  the  Chinese  Cooni ssioners. 

Yours  very  truly. 

sending  to  you, under 
and  files,  copy  of 

.attent ion  of  Ur.  Spoirs. 

D.  Van  ilo  strand  Company, 

25  I’ork  Place, 

How  York  City. 

Dear  Hr .  Cpeirs  : 

Aftor  asking  you  to  send  to  -Hr  ■  Edison  a  copy  of 
Schulz  &  Julius  "Organic  Coloring  Matter",  X  dislike  very 
much  to  he  obliged  to  return  it;  for  when  1  shovea  it  to 
him,  he  said  that  a  mis take  had  been  made,  as  he  already 
has  a  copy  of  this  book  in  his  library  at  homo,  having  pur¬ 
chased  it  from  you  some  little  time  ago. 

I  aia,  tlioreforo,  return  tho  book  ;o  you  by  mail, 
ana  must  offer  an  apology  for  having  unduly  troubled  you. 
Yours  vory  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Babson’s  Statistical  organization 

Mr  Thos  Edison 
Thomas  Edison 
79-5th  Ave 
Hew  York  H  Y 



We  have  just  issued  an  "In¬ 
dustrial  Map  of  Mexico  "/showing  the 
leading  Droducts  of  this  country  and 
where  (on  the  map)  they  come  from. 

A  short  statement  of  how 
Commodity  prices  in  the-United  States 
will  he  affected  by  serious  Mexican 
trouble  accompanies  it  and  is  extremely 
interesting.  If  you  want  a  copy  free, 
fold  this  letter  into  an  envelope  and 
address  it  to  —  Babson,s,  Welle sley 
Hills,  Mass. 

Very  truly  yours 



cc/\.  1 1 

■book  was  originally  published  in  in¬ 
stallments  of  160  pages  a  month  and 
it  was  purchased  by  over  150,000  peo¬ 
ple  who  are  more  interested  in  facts 
than  fiction. 

That  thi3  publication  contains 
more  authoritative  information,  more 
articles  and  more  illustrations  than 
any  other  monthly  magazine  in  the 
world,  is  not  the  MOST  significant 
estimate  of  its  value  to  you. 



COnPANY,  Publishers 

October  14.  1916 

Thorifcs  A.  Edison.  Esq. 

Dear  Sir» 

Knowing  you  to  bo  specially  interested  in  the  relations  of  capital  M&y 
labor,  we  take  the  liberty  of  sending  you  the  enclosed  prospectus  of  a 
quarterly  review  started  primarily  for  the  discussion  of  thOBe  questions. 

Should  you  oare  to  see  a  specimen  copy  with  a  view  to  becoming  a  subscriber, 
we  will  be  happy  to  send  you  one. 

Tours  respectfully 



Oot.  27th,  1916. 

EdiBon  Laboratory,  j  ; 

Orange,  !  . 


We  beg  to  call  your  attention  to  the  fact  that  your  aubscrip- 
tions  to  various  periodicals  to  which  you  subscribe  through  us,  ex¬ 
pire  as  indicated  below: 








Will  expire  1916. 

J«ro.  Marie  E.  Oooer, 
Modenheimor  Str.  4, 

Uulhouoor  Elsaso, 

.  £>  urti  , 

1 1  l',_  **•  "  ^  c  ^  C  ‘ 

Hoping  to  be  favored  with  your  order  for  the  renewal  <fi  .Cv1-- 

we  remain,  <£,<r*W  3-cC  C.  1 1  *>  'i-  •  -  “  ^ 

Very  truly  yours,  r 

TO/JB.  F-10G.  BRENTANO’S.  ..a, 


P.  S.  If  you  have  already  ordered  tlie  renewal,  please  disregard  this 

NEW  YORK.  U.y.  V  XJ&t 

.  ^Jk  i\V*  &r  P\ 

0f>e  kA  t>V  \ 
%  y  ,  «/  .t  c') 

>  (v  r  \  c 

We  take  pleasure  in  referring  you  to  the  flfaS 


number  of  The  Engineering  Magazine  on  page. 


of  which  you  will  find . Jw) 

i  . 

tv  'lUr.  AJniTkjlfibrt _^2»— 

IJovombor  11,1016, 

Hr.  Chas .  3.  Sr o ire, 

c/o  D.  Van  Hog trend  Cora;, -any, 

XL  park- Since, 

L'cw  Tor’:,  U.Y. 

Uy  Soar  Mr .  Spoil’s: 

Llr.  Hdison  wants  particularly  . 
to  obtain  the  follor.-ine  booh,  namely  "'.abollaris 
UborBieht  her  .'CunEtlichen  XTarbEtoffs"  by  6.  Schults 
and  j? .  Julius .  Ho  wants  to  obtain'  ono  copy  in 

tlio  Gorman  and  one  Hnglish  translation. 

Ho  docs  not  caro  whether  thoy  ara  now 
or  second-hand,  but  ho  would  like  to  got  it  as 
quickly  as  pondiblo .  will  you  kindly  use  your 
best  efforts  to  not  these  for  him  promptly,  and 
send  thorn  to  no. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  iidison. 


] cu&  ejCjCctA,L<l _ ll-6eA*£-t*SLl _ — 

fCtt  I  UrlGa&c-^ _ JmGjS&ffier- - 



rc.i.tI7i  (P-  %fjCt,oc^d 



£  Ls/uriZ  Jx-tt 

(PlCrlc ffia/JUc.  fyt**  ^ 


kcLcCco  ^r£&L^t.Ci'jl£L4.t 


Je^.  k*f*~~*> 

OyaoM.'o.  (2>-£r>^-‘+j 
fta.2 toTht  ■neM*i*.&0 


//a^-  f(?. 

?h*£J-4 litLr*- 

/knj,  A-  WJiee*+i  /Wf^ 

7^  y  < *&wu+  <*~~ 

huhLiL  - 

TVcie&dij  •J^t.ata^y  - 

f^a£  CS^U,  /^7 


Hovoriber  £7,1916. 

Ur.  Goorgo  A.  Johnson,  . ■  .  . 

150  Ilaosau  Stroot,  ' 

Hew  York,  H.Y. 

Door  Hr.  Johnson: 

Allow  no  to  extend  my  thanko  to 
you  for  your  kindnoss  in  Bonding  me  the  book  on 
Typhoid.  I  am  glad .  to 'have  it,  and  sliall  bo  in- 
terestod  in  reading  it,  as  two  of  my  children  have 
had  typhoid.  • 



Please  issue  a  requisition  on  the 
Purchasing  Department  for  two  hooks  on  acoustics 
which  were  sent  in  to  Mr.  Edison  hy  the  D.  Van 
host rand  Co.,  Hew  Yprk. 

These  hooks  were  ordered  hy  mail  hy 
Mr.  Hutchison,  for  Mr.  Edison. 

I  have  not  the  names  of  the  hooks  at 
hand,  hut  Mr.  Savage  of  the  Purchasing  Department 
can  give  them  to  you  quite  readily. 

Doccmbor  0,  1016. 

Ur.  Ches.  3.  Speirs, 

g/o  D.  Van  ho strand  Company, 

2L  Per k  Place, 

Haw  ’/or::,  3.*/. 

11$  doar  Hr.  Speirs 

lir.  Edison  is  anxious  to 
cecuro  some  books  and  periodicals  on  Wood-Pulp. 
Will  you  kindly  take  caro  of  Hr.  Edison's  re¬ 
quest,  sending  same  to  me  so  I  may  bo  ablo  to 
hand  them  to  him  porsonally. 

Shanking  you  for  your  prompt  attention  . 
in  advanco-,  and  with  kind  regards,  I  roraain. 

Very  truly  yours. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison. 

t/n'ti  ei,  Jar'  ft  r,  Shirtk  '  £/>  <Uv» .  Itttov\  , 

Books  received  from  D.  Von  llostrand  Sc  Co.,  Lionday  ci.  L. , 
Decembor  11th,  on 

WOOD  SUU?  ana.  SASjiL  iiJIIilG  : 

Wood  Pulp  and 

Its  Uses - C.P. Cross,  IS.  J.  Bevan  and 

K.  W .  Sindall.  (Westminster  Series) 

'i'he  Manufacture  op  IAPBH  —  K.  V; .  Sindall, 
(Westminster  Series) 


PAP]£A  llALIiiG  - 

TKSI’Ii::;  OP  WOOD  PUU?  —  Sinaall  h  Bacon.  ^ 

PAPiixi  xBCUWOLOGx  ,  on  Piemen tary  Manual  on  the  L 
Physical  Qualities  and  Chemical  Constituents 
and  Paper-llakiup  Pibres  by  K . W .  SIKXlWLL ,  P.  C. 

PAPPE  IKABB  JOUiuiuI— October  19, 1910. *' 

"  "  "  October  £0,1916.  ■ 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Business  Propositions  [not  selected]  (E-16-12) 

This  folder  contains  unsolicited  correspondence  asking  for  Edison's 
support  or  endorsement  of  a  business  venture,  invention,  or  idea. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Cement  (E-1 6-1 3) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  technical  and 
commercial  development  of  Portland  cement.  Among  the  documents  for  1 91 6 
are  letters  from  consulting  engineer  Edward  Smulski  and  Edison  employee 
Charles  A.  Nicolai  concerning  plans  to  test  cement  at  the  West  Orange 
laboratory  and  other  locations  in  New  Jersey. 

Two  of  the  five  documents  have  been  selected.  The  material  not  selected 
consists  of  letters  of  transmittal  and  unsolicited  correspondence. 



13-21  PARK  ROW 

^  ^  , 

New  York,  September  30,  1916. 


Mr.  Thomas  Edison, 
West  Orange, 
hew  Jersey. 


:  v 


..  j 

Several  days  ago  Mr.  Doe,  or  the  American  >' 
Concrete  Steel  Company,  took  up  with  you  the  question  ) 
or  permission  to  erect  the  concrete  test  slab  which  we  / 
are  contemplating  on  your  ground.  ( 

We  were  informed  that  you  were  kind  enough  to 
grant  the  permission.  Upon  Inspection  or  the  ground, 
however,  we  rind  that  it  would  not  be  feasible  without 
serious  interference  with  your  business  to  carry  on  the 
t.enr.  ai-j  your  plant,  as  the  test  would  require  at  least 
is  of  loading  material. 

350  i 

In  this  connection  Mr.  Doe  mentioned  tne  pos¬ 
sibility  of  using  Edison1 cement.  We  are  perfectly  willing 
to  use  that  cement,  provided  it  is  thoroughly  tested. 

Will  you  please  let  us  know  with  whom  the  ques¬ 
tion  of  the  cement  snouia  be  taken  up.  We  are  anxious  to 
ther  building  or  the  slab  at  the  earliest  possiole 
*9  conclude  the  test  before  the 

The  amount  or  necessary  cement  we  estimate  at 
about  eighty  barrels,  we  contemplate  pouring  the  footings 
Tuesday  or  Wednesday  or  next  week.  The  slab  proper  will 
oe  built  Thursday  or  Friday. 

The  place  selected  for  the  test  is  in  .Bloomfield, 

hew  Jersey. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  kindness,  I  am 
iours  very  truly, 

f?'5-  ^  '  ' 

/\^c  / 

/  October  5,  1916. 

Mr.  Meadowcroft: 

Re.  attached  from  S.  M,  I .  Co. 

About  a  week  ago  the  Engineers 
of  the  Concrete  Steel  Company  asked  me  for  the  use 
of  ground  space  in  the  rear  of  building  #12  to  make 
a  test  which  I  understood  was  in  connection  with 
New  Building  21  operations.  I  Pointed  out  a  space 
which  we  could  spare  to  their  Engineers.  But  evi¬ 
dently  the  place  was  not  suitable.  It  seems  now 
from  this  communication  that  t-he  test  had  nothing 
to  do  with  building  #21  but  was  to  be  a  test  of 
Edison  Cement  and  that  they  have  arranged  to  con¬ 
duct  the  test  elsewhere.  The  letter  would  also  in¬ 
dicate  that  they  want  Mr.  Edison  to  furnish  the 
cement  necessary  to  make  this  test. 

C  Nicolai 

Construction  &  Maintenance 
Service  Division. 

f-i.  c I  act /Lc*fcrt^»ve. 

? c0.o  #->v  CCrt-njCA-tsC 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Cement  House  (E-16-14) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
widely  publicized  development  of  Edison's  poured  concrete  house.  The 
correspondents  for  1916  include  housing  developer  Frank  D.  Lambie. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  primarily  of  unsolicited  letters  for  information 
about  the  house,  which  received  a  perfunctory  response  or  no  reply  from 



New  York  telep 

January  19,1916. 

Ur  •  Tho  s  •  A  .Ed  i  a  on , 
Orange ,  H.J. 
Dear  Ur.  Edison:- 

.  last 

You  will  be  glad  to  learn  thatyt  have  ; 

I  r, 

round  "The  Thousandth  Uun”  as  Kipling  speaks  about  in  one  Oi 
his  poems.  The  old  und  well  known  Boston  Bankers,  Tucker  Anthony 
L  Company  have  taken  up  and  financed  my  steel  forms  vr.d  we  are 
now  busy  getting  started. 

the  stool! 
of  them. 

V.'e  have  a  choice  selection  of  underwriters  c 
One  of  your  old  friends,  Ur.  Fred  Fish  of  Fish, 
lorrick  S.  Heave,  who  examined  the  patents,  being  c 


The  new  Company  owns  all  the  foreign  rial 
as  well  as  TJ.3.A.  and  we  shall  take  contracts  to  build  concrete 
houses,  besides  leasing  the  forms.  This  we  feel  will  h-lp  us 
to  keep  the  lease  end  straight,  never  to  allow  the  forms  to  get 
into  the  hands  of  incompetents. 

Your  prophesy  lias  come  true  that  if  I  stuck 
to  it  and  perfected  the  "one  story  to  one  cast"  basic  principle 
that  sooner  or  later  the  right  people,  the  congenial  people,  the 
honest  as  well,  would  be  only  too  glad  to  oomo  in  with  the  nec¬ 
essary  capital. 

All  I  can  do  nov;  is  to  thank  you  for  past 
help  you  have  given  me.  Your  big  reward  no  doubt  is  the  know- 

IhoB.  A  .Edison 

January  19,1916 

ledge  of  the  fact  that  wo  are  going  to  place  concrete  houroc 
on  tho  maps 

Yours  very 

Vice  Sreoident 


BAMC  PATENTS  BU-  Q>*S  THU  WOBLO  /  '  ^  ^ 

Lambie  Steel  Form  Co.  _ ^ 



j  ( ^ 

^Csv<-*j&-  /(~*  f(_c*djZ. 

/fz^yi^sULZs  ,  S~  y<l<^jz^ 

— ^clXjL^C.  Q/(ty^i  a^^uzX^u.^ 

7>^  Ci^oe-  -^tj-c v3^r^V 

-  /izxn^ 

^/Scp  &K  c?-a~(9  ,  4L&yzfe 




Ur.  Prank  D.  lambie, 

£  lambie  Steel  Form  Co.. 

61  Broadway, 

Hew  York  City. 

Dear  Ur.  lambie: 

Ur.  Miller  has  handed 
favor  of  the  20th  instant.  Just  now 
is  in  the  midst  of 
I  paigns,  and  I  am  sorry  that 
for  the  present  to  get 

s  your 



of  his  strenuous  cam- 

| . 

J  will  bc^ several  weeks}at  least  before 

\  get  his  attention  to  anything  but  the  most  ur- 
\  gent  matters,  but  I  will  try  to  get  your  letter 
\  at  some  future  time. 

shall  be  unable  ' 
letter  for  you.  It  ^ 
can  ^ 

Yours  very  truly. 

t>VU2-  Sc^| 

V  —  "Vl.*  ,  /  , 

C:2)j .. 

*4JL  -CijLcttL  -A*  OZtVL 

-  t 

&*-■(. - ^'Cut^UrLtj  i*J  (yL.-lstjZ.  •  (MjZ/ 

Jbfthft iU.  9 C 




,  "i 

Lambda ; 

Allow  me  to  express  my  appreciation  of  sympathy  in  re¬ 
gard  to  the  recent  fire  at  my  plant,  and  to  thank  you.  for  your 
good  wishes. 

I  am  glad  to  Bay  that  my  concrete  buildings  were  not 
much  hurt,  and  they  can  he  repaired.  We  are  hard  at  work  now. 

from  what  -J  hear,  you  are  doing  well  with  your  system 
of  Steel  forms  for  casting  concrete  houses  commercially. 

1  hope  you  will  oast  the  entire  house  at  once  before 
you  get  through. 



Glad  to  note  that  you  are  so  well  pleased  in  taking  my 
to  go  into  this  business.  The  future  ho^ds.  rauoh  for  the 
conorete  house.  _ 

Yours  very  t-ruly. 


©Imotfii  &  (ilmstrfi 


Contractors  t)  c 


East  Hartford,  Conn.,  January  7th,  1915. 

Mr.  Frank  D.  Laurie,  i  *•  • ' 

299  Broadway, 

New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dear  Mr.  Lambie: 

Your  letter  asking  how  Mr.  Dunham  is  pleased  with  the  result  of  the 
first  season’s  work  is  received. 

As  you  know,  Mr.  Dunham  bought  your  form  at  the  suggestion  of 
his  friend,  Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison,  and  I  think  that  Mr.  Dunham  has  never 
had  any  idea  but  that  they  would  be  completely  successful,  as  he  has  every 
confidence  in  Mr.  Edison’s  judgment. 

Mr.  Dunham  at  present  is  in  Cuba,  so  I  will  reply  to  your  letter,  and 
it  gives  me  great  pleasure  to  say  that  as  Mr.  Dunham’s  superintendent 
I  have  erected  ten  separate  structures  with  the  forms  in  the  months  of 
June  to  November,  inclusive,  ranging  from  a  circular  silo  to  nine  room 
houses,  and  that  with  each  operation  I  have  become  more  and  more  en¬ 
thusiastic  about  them. 

We  at  first  feared  that  they  might  not  fulfill  all  reciuirements,  but 
as  we  learned  to  handle  the  forms,  we  came  to  the  conclusion  that  we 
can  build  any  sort  of  a  concrete  structure  with  them,  while  the  costs 
obtained  were  less  than  we  even  hoped  for.  Tn  this  connection  it  may 
interest  you  to  know  that  the  last  house  erected,  which  is  25’  x  28’,  con¬ 
taining  seven  rooms  and  bath  with  provision  for  finishing  two  large  rooms 
in  attic,  cellar  under  entire  house,  was  built  complete  for  $2,373.00,  in- 
cuding  plumbing,  heating  and  lighting.  We  expect  to  reduce  this  cost  on 
our  next  houses. 

I  cannot  close  without  thanking  you  for  the  direct  personal  interest 
which  you  and  your  engineers  have  taken  in  our  work,  and  I  feel  sure 
that  your  efforts  will  meet  with  the  success  which  they  merit. 

Yours  very  truly, 


lambie  Concrete  House  Corporation 


New  York  telep 

January  26,1916 

Mr.  V/.H.Meadowcroft, 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.Edison, 

Orange  ,  II  .J  • 

My  dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft:- 

Yours  of  January  24th  at  hand.  I  thought  it 
would  he  a  good  thing  to  have  Mr*  Edison  answer  the  last 
letter  so  that  1  could  keep  same  for  future  reference,  in¬ 
asmuch  as  the  last  one  that  he  wrote  me  is  framed  and  hangs 
in  my  bedroom  to  furnish  jne  with  new  inspirations  every 

V/e  are/coming  along  in  fine  shape  an?  I  am 
sure  that  Mr.  Edison  would  take  a  certain  pride  if  he  knew 
what  we  were  accomplishing,  which  he  will  know  something 
about  a  little  later. 

Yours  sincerely,  . 

Vice  President  v' 



New  York  teu 


engineering  department 

JOHNSTOWN,  PA.  July  l8,  1916. 

«*_  a.  jJ  *i  <*■*» Vu;rr^  ,  “**Sl 

East  Orange,  N.  J.  <^w<-  ^  jL/~. 

Dear  Sir:-  ■  / 

We  are  planning  to  build  a  number  of  houses  for  our  pric¬ 
ing  men  and  are  interested  in  receiving  information  regarding  costs 
and  the  method  of  constructing  Jjtjbe  Edison  Poured  Concrete  Houses. 

These  houses  are  to  be  of  four  or  five  room  class  either  with  or 
without  bath.  Any  information  you  may  send  us  will  be  gratefully 

Very  truly  yours,  . 


Chief  Engineer. 




JOHNSTOWN,  PA.  July  2?,  1916. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirj- 

We  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  22nd  re¬ 
garding  concrete  houses.  We  note  that  you  have  not  gone  into  this 
matter  commercially,  hut  that  we  can  get  information  from  the  iambi e 
Concrete  House  Corporation,  #6l  Broadway,  New  York. 

Thanking  you  for  this  information,  we  are. 

Very  truly  yours^ —  , 

Chief  Enginee'r/ 



KS  _  r  real  estate 

A.  T.  CLARK 


foA? - ~ 

\  (JU^( 

,^y/f  x ^ 

;  a^*(-  ^  ^ 

Xl2;  -  -  ^“£2 

^  ^  ^  V  “  2-  Aj.  4^  7^-"f 

a-^s  W  <su~t2  SjtL/U  ^  \ 

2/  /  :&**✓  fr&zZa-/  ^  / 

*5  >gA/y^  z^pstji. 

i£l 7  22?- 

Tf-<  t,  sr^2ifr  ;-3y_rsi 

mine!  of  Ur.  Edison  (Concrete  Houses). 

While  my  system  one  complete  story  at  one  cast, 
v/es  not  exactly  Ur.  Edison's  original  thought,  it  has  proven 
successful  and  absolutely,  commercial  and  such  concerns  as  the 
American  Steel  &  Wire  Company,  General  Fireproofing  Co.,  loy¬ 
al  Hanna  Coal  &  Coke,  Crescent  Portland  Cement  Company  and 
others  fo r  whom  we  have  built  concrete  houses  this  year,  are 
high  in  their  commendations  of  building  under  thefcr  method, 
as  v/ell  as  the  houses  themselves. 

There  are  no  industrial  houses  built  on  the  face 
of  the  earth  that  approach  the  big  bunch  of  houses  I  saw  last 
Friday  at  Honors,  Pa.  built  by  us  for  the  American  Steel  & 

Wire  Company  ,  in  beauty  as  well  as  strength,  and  it  seems  that 
every  large  industrial  concern  wants  this  class  of  house.  Our 
concern  knows  where  it  could  build  25,000  concrete  houses  in  AtS. 
the  next  year  if  we  could  take  them. 

The  Bankers  who  financed  my  proposition  this  year, 
after  oiganising  and  getting  ready,  which  took  about  six  months, 
started  to  build  in  July,  have  made  such  a  showing  that  they  are 

W.E.,  Me  ad  owe  ro  ft 


December  29,  1916 

rroing  to  finance  the  Company  much  larger  ,  and  1917  holds  great  pro¬ 

In  the  January  house  building  number  of  Concrete  Cement  Age, 
will  appear  with  photographs,  an  article  from  a  technical  stand¬ 
point,  on  one  of  the  large  contracts  taken.  The  Saturday  .Evening 
Post  will  write  a  story  in  the  near  future  concerning  our  York.  I 
will  mail  you  both  of  these  magazines.  We  have  not  spent  a  dollar 
in  advertising  and  have  suppressed  all  publicity  the  past  year, 
simply  proving  out  our  system  commercially  in  a  large  way  so  tha  t 
the  Eankers  may  know  what  they  really  got;  now  they  are  satisfied 
and  are  going  ahead  strong. 

During  the  last  year  I  have  given  almost  all  my  thought  to 
pouring  the  entire  house  at.  one  cast,  and  have  made  many  experi¬ 
ments  and  find  it  practical  and  commercial,  with  a  cheap  set  of 
forms  costing  not  over  $2500.  for  a  house  25  feet  square,  two 
stories  and  bassaent. 

I  can  only  get  the  cost  of  these  molds  do vm  by  using  steel 
at  the  main  points  of  the  house  and  fill  in  with  3  in.  plank,  mak¬ 
ing  these  planks  subservient  to  the  steel  members,  it  all  being  so 
simple  that  it  is  perfectly  wonderful,  to  my  mind. 

I  have  a  model  at  my  office  and  am  going  to  form  another 
Company  to  take  care  of  all  the  smaller  houses  that  are  being 
offered  such  as  my  friend  Durant  of  General  Motors  Company,  wants 
thousands  of  these  houses  at  Flint,  Michigan,  Bridgeport  Housing 
Company  wants  $1,000,000.  worth  at  Bridgeport,  Conn.,  and  I  can 
name  dozens  of  conceras  same  way . 

Mr.  Ingersoll  is  ready  to  join  me  in  this  "whole  house  at 
one  cast",  as  he  has  been  over  same  thoroughly  with  me  for  many 

V/.'H.'  Meadowcroft 

Dec.  29,  1916 

months,  aid  before  I  launch  another  Company,  thought  I  would  drop 
you  a  line  to  see  if  we  could  not  possibly  get  Mr.  3dison(s  con¬ 
sent  to  lend  his  name  or  become  a  director  or  something,  in  this 
organisation  v/hich  Ingersoll  and  I  will  form  early  in  the  Hew  Year 
on  about  the  same  basis  as  the  old  rentable  Banking  House  of 
Tucker  Anthony  &  Company,  Boston,  foimed  the  "One  Story  One  Cast" 
proposition  this  year,  nnmely:- 

$1,500,000.  Capital 

1100  Common  Shares  par  $100. 

400  1'fo  preferred 

issuing  the  $400,000.  preferred  for  capital,  giving  the  same  amount 
common  as  bonus,  leaving  $700,000.  for  the  promoters,  which  in  this 
case  would  be  Ingersoll  and  myself,  and  if  we  could  enlist  Mr. 
Idison's  sympathy,  after  he  had  made  proper  investigations  which 
I  could  furnish  without  any  wear  or  tBar  on  his  part,  we  would 
want  to  allot  him  $190,000.  woth  of  common  stock  and  all  we  world 
ask  for  it  would  be  to  seek  his  advice  occasionally,  and  we  are 
confident  that  besides  doing  good  work  in  the  world  we  will  make 
all  of  this  common  stock  worth  par  and  very  much  more. 

Mr.  Ingersoll  has  the  best  organizing  and  standardizing 
mind  fox-  this  kind  of  work  of  any  man  1  have  ever  met.  ■  He  does 
not  take  hold  of  anything  unless  he  makes  a  success  of  it.  He 
is  one  man  in  a  million  and  he  and  I  are  of  perfect  accord,  great 
friends  and  we  are  both  sure  of  success  attending  such  efforts 
and  the  hard  woric  we  would  put  forth.  (We  would  standardize  the 
house  some  as  he  has  his  watch  business). 

At  some  opportune  time  I  wish  you  would  please  do  me  the 

Dec.  29,  1916 

W.K,‘  Mead  owcr  oft 


great  big-  favor  to  briefly  approach  Mr.  Edison  on  the  subject  "take 
soundings"  and  if  you  thought  he  was  the  least  bit  impressed,  I 
would  come  over  with  a  model  and  lay  the  matter  before  him  briefly, 
so  he  would  1  think  "get  the  feeling". 

No  hurry  about  this,  any  time  within  the  next  half  month. 
If  you  know  in  advance  that  he  would  not  touch  it  with  a  10  foot 
pole  why  of  course  it  will  be  useless  but  the  matter  is  so  thor¬ 
oughly  next  to  my  heart,  and  I  see  such  visions  that  I  thought  it 
would  do  no  harm  to  extend  to  him  at  this  time  the  invitation,  as 
he  is  the  father  of  the  entire  movement  and  he  is  as  glad  as  I  am 
that  the  concrete  house  has  come  to  stay.  The  Assocation  of  Port¬ 
land  Cement  Manufacturers  of  United  States,  who  met  in  New  York 
last  week,  decided  to  launch  a  big  campaign  in  1917  for  the  Con¬ 
crete  House.  This  Association  is  with  us. 

If  Mr.  Sdison  does  not  exactly  approve  of  the  financial 
outline  as  above  Mr.  Ingersoll  and  I  would  change  it.  Mr.  Inger- 
soll  will  buy  sane  of  the  preferred  stock  himself  on  same  basis 
as  investors  who  will  all  be  our  friends. 

Yours  very  truly, 

December  30,  1916 

Mr.  ^i.H.  Mead  owe  ro  ft , 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A. Edison, 

Orange,  hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadoweroft:- 

Forgol  to  say  that  the  patents  that  have 
been  allowed  this  year  upon  my  now  system  of  pouring  con¬ 
crete  houses,  ONE  COMPLETE  HOUSE  at  one  cast,  are  far  sup¬ 
erior  and  more  basic  in  the  opinion  of  my  patent  attorneys 
than  v, -ere  the  patents  on  the  one  story  one  cast'pr oposition, 
which  Mr.  Fred.  Fish  of  the  finn  of  Fish,  Bichardson,  Her- 

Docomber  30,1916 

rhiiSOUAL  s : 

Hr.  1’.  D.  liaabi4, 

61  3roadray , 

IIok  York,  H.Y. 

Dear  Hr.  .  Iambic : 

I  have  resolved  your  favor  of  the 
29th  instant,  and  an  juct  writing  this  line  to 
acknov; lodge  it. 

Hr.  Sd icon's  uniform  rolicy  is  against 
becoming  interested  in  outs id o  cutorpriso.,  bnd 
I  usually  answer  letters  to  this  offoct.  Hot; over , 
00  yourc  la  bo  flifforom,  I  an  going  to  show  him 
your  letter  in  a  few  days  and;  rill  let  you  know 
rhut  ho  says . 

.  V.-ith  tho  boat  of  good  riahoc  to  you 

for*  tho  coming  year,  I  remain'. 

Yours  vbry  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Charities  and  Loans  (E-16-15) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  concerning 
Edison's  charitable  contributions,  financial  assistance,  and  donations  of 
equipment.  Among  the  documents  for  1916  are  solicitations  for  war  relief 
efforts,  including  the  Allied  Bazaar  for  the  relief  of  France  and  Belgium  and  the 
Bazaar  for  the  Relief  of  Widows  and  Orphans  of  German  and 
Austro-Hungarian  Soldiers.  The  correspondents  include  electrical  executive 
Charles  A.  Coffin,  Marshall  C.  Lefferts  of  the  Celluloid  Co.,  and  Richard  C. 
Maclaurin,  president  of  the  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  documents  received  no  substantive  response  from  Edison.  Many 
bear  the  notation,  "no  ans." 

Wadsworth  Hall, 
Arrochar,  S.I. 
Jan. 17th. 1916. 

Dear  Mr. Edison: 

You  will  recall  that  about  a  year  ago  I  introduced 
you  to  Herbert  Lewis  and  S.Takaki  of  Mitsui  &  Co.  with  whom  you 
entered  into  contracts  for  Toluol.  At  the  time  X  left  the  matter 
of  my  remuneration  open  at  the  suggestion  of  Mr.Meadowcroft  and 
now  being  in  dire  straits  I  called  upon  you  today  to  see  if  you 
would  assist  me  out  of  my  troubles. 

I  have  had  no  money  from  Lewis  and  but  a  small  sum 

from  Mitsui. 

I  have  become  involved  in  unfortunate  litigation 
and  stand  an  excellent  chance  of  going  to  Ludlow  Street  jail  for 
contempt  of  court  unless  I  can  raise  Six  Hundred  Dollars  on. Tues¬ 
day  and  I  appeal  to  you  to  assist  me  to  this  end.  I  am  not  in¬ 
tentionally  in  contempt  for  I  was  out  of  the  city  at  the  time  and 
wired  for  an  adjournment  which  was  not  granted  me. 

I  was  at  the  Laboratory  today  to  see  you  in  person 
and  laid  all  the  matter  in  detail  before  Mr.Meadowcroft  as  you  were 
not  to  be  disturbed.  If  you  will  ask  him  he  will  tell  you  the  de¬ 
tails  should  you  desire  to  know  them. 

I  am  sending  this  to  your  home  by  special  delivery 
at  his  suggestion  and  I  shall  call  at  the  Laboratory  tomorrow  morn¬ 
ing  for  my  answer  which  I  know  will  be  favorable  if  you  will  but 
realize  my  position.  It  is  either  the  money  or  Ludlow  Street  for  me. 

YJith  best  wishes  for  your  continued  good  health  and 
with  expressions  of  esteem  I  am. 

L  ,\* 

irk.  P  a  b  ru  arysBgipzS 

x'y  w< av 


wife  is  interested  in  a  bazar  fo: 


fit  of  the  war  orphans  anil  widows. 

)  all  my  friends  with  a  3  '■ 
and  taka  the  liberty  {,  % 

to  solicit  through  you  a  small  contribution  in 

from  Hr.  Edison - I  have  hardly  the  temerity  1 

if  he  would  be  willing  to  donate  a  phonograph  1 
raffled  at  the  bazar.  Fianos  and  automobiles 

ready  been  received,  but  so  far  no  talking  machines  have  . 


been  contributed.  The  German  Chemists’  Society  will 
have  a  booth  at  the  Bazar,  where  contributions  will  be 
on  sale.  In  view  of  the  very  large  attendance  anti¬ 
cipated  the  exhibition  of  these  will  be  advantageous, 
and  besides  Hr.  Edison  will  be  assisting  a  worthy  ? 

oause--the  alleviation  of  suffering  humanity.  *v 

Trusting  that  I  may  hear  from  you  favorably  J 
and  thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  kind  cooperation,^  ? 

Yours  sincerely, 



The  undersigned  agrees  to  pay  to  the  Bazaar-collec¬ 
tion  of  Mrs.  H.  Schweitzer,  for  the  benefit  of  the  widows  and 
orphans  of  the  war,  the  sum  named  below: 

Name.  Address.  Amount. 

A  pro-Schweitzer  American,  $200.00 
A  pro-German  Schweitzer,  5.00 
William  Strathman,  2906  Broadway ,  25.00 
George  Geil,  2906  Broadway,  1.00 
Grant  Burns,  1.00 
William  G,  Burns,  10.00 
Luigi  Bozzo,  1.00 
A  pro-Ally,  i.00 
Prom  the  trenches,  1.00 
Hugo  Lieber,  '  5.00 
Franz  Fohr,  5.00 
Schafer  Brothers,  5.00 
A  friend  of  the  Schweitzers,  50.00 
William  II.  Croxton,  5.00 
George  E.  Cruse,  5.00 
J.  Edgar  Bull,  25.00 
CharleB  8.  Jones,  5.00 

'I  j 

•y  c 

hr.mae  Edison, 

H.  J. 

^  c 


We  are  writing 
a  small  dinner  to  be  given  : 
Friday  evening.  Hare!)  third 
eight  o'clock. 

\jto  i cLTVr"X^^ /\ 

t^alNur  yisu'w^ll  be  oij^gacist  f 
t  the  Ease::  County  Coum.ijjf  Club, 
Nineteen  hundred  and  sixteen,  at 

The  object  o.r  the  dinner  is  in  gather  together  a  num¬ 
ber  of  our  frictri  :  who  we  k«.,;v;  arc  locply  in  ere;  ted  in  the  wel¬ 
fare  of  the  Oranges  to  discuss  a  proposed  plan  for  the  con¬ 
struction  ora  endowment  of  a  r.e'iV  hospital  building  for  the  Hew 
Jersey  Orthopaedic  Hospital  and  Dispensary  to  mee '■  the  require¬ 
ments  that  are  becoming  more  urgent,  insistent  and  pressing 
every  year. 

During  the  past  few  months  we  have  been  struck  with 
the  wondcrf1’!  work  already  organized  in  Europe  to  repair  the  rav¬ 
ages  of  tar.  Not  only  are  arms  arid  legs  being  substituted  for 
those  shot  away,  tom  and  mutilated,  but  splendidly  equipped 
schools  have  been  established  to  train  those  crippled  on  the  field 
of  battle  for  trades  and  professions  in  which  the  skill  of  the 
surgeon  makes  it  possible  for  them  both  to  support  their  families 
and  serve  the  State.  If  this  can  bo  dono  in  Europe  under  the 
stress  and  strain  of  war,  surely  it  is  a  sad  commentary  on  our 
social  organization  that  in  time  of  peace  and  plenty,  seventy  five 
little  cripples  during  the  past  few  months  should  have  been  turned 
away  from  the  doors  of  our  hospital  and  made  to  carry  through  life. 

unless  otherwise  relieved,  the  burden  of  deformity. 

In  the  hope  that  we  may  l:e  able  to  prevent  this  suffering 
nnd  waste  of  energy  and  meet  the  ever  decreasing  demands  for  treat¬ 
ment,  Plans  and  estimates  have  been  prepared  for  a  hospital  to  be 

built  at  the  cost  of  Two  hundred  thousand  dollars  on  property 
already  purchased.  To  raise  this  amount  it  will  bo  necessary  to 
secure  the  co-operation  of  the  men  to  whoa  the  people  look  for 
leadership  and  guidance  in  undertakings  of  this  kind,  not  only 
because  of  their  individual  generosity,  but  because  of  their 

business  experience  and  judgment.  Per  this  reason  wc  wish  to 

lay  our  project  before  you  and  some  of  your  friends,  furthermore , 
wa  want  an  opportunity  of  explaining  the  work  that  is  now  being 
done,  to  give  the  reasons  for  our  refusal  to  join  forces  with  the 
Memorial  Hospital  in  nineteen  hundred  and  twelve,  and  to  report 
the  results  of  an  investigation  into  the  actual  needs  of 
Orthopaedic  work  in  the  community. 

V/e  know  if  we  can  prove  to  you  the  need  of  this  hospital 
and  show  that  it  can  be  placed  on  a  sound  financial  basis,  the 
money  will  be  raised.  '.7e  also  know  that  if  we  fail  to  establish 

our  case  and  that  after  hearing  the  facts  you  ere  still  of  tho 
opinion  that  the  new  hospital  will  simply  be  another  burden  upon 
an  already overtaxed  community,  the  money  cannot  be  raised. 

Wo  want  to  try  out  this  issue. 

Ho  subscriptions  will  be  solicited,  or  will  your  pres¬ 
ence  entail  any  obligation  whatever  in  the  future.  Wo  do  hope 
you  will  come  and  give  us  a  chance  to  present  our  causa. 




new  York.  February  16,  1916. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,  II .  J. 

My  dear  Ur.  Edison: - 

Mr.  Meadowcroft  juBt  0iformed  me  of 
your  liberal  contribution  to  the  Bazaar  which  will  be  held 
in  Madison  Square  Garden  from  March  10th  to  March  24th. 

Permit  me  to  thank  you  most  heartily  for  your 
great  generosity  in  not  only  giving  us  the  instrument,  but 
also  arranging  for  a  concerts  during  the  time  of  the  Bazaar 
and  for  demonstrations  of  recording  the  human  voice. 

I  have  already  communicated  with  the  Bazaar 
authorities  and  have  arranged  for  the  construction  of  a 
concert  room.  The  exhibit  will  be  in  charge  of  the  German 
Chemists'  Society,  which  will  take  great  pleasure  in  arrang¬ 
ing  with  Mr.  Meadowcroft  all  further  details. 

Again  thanking  you,  I  am,  with  kindest  greetings, 
Yours  sincerely-,- — 


I'Xecxr't*  6LC 

[,(yjt  te>TJL*i -  f-J  >wt?  ]  CfM 

y&M  fhcxT  ■/■  h^.dc-i.ut' 
C3T~"l(\£.  jk  >-t,t_*i.^  /wi?  j 

/•iD^ry-frj  ^  njf*  £  (teK,\\,&xL- 


^$i/ttiatiAr<‘.  i'ebruar  23,1916. 

U-wi*.  ^  t UwV 

**+->«  *  • 

U^rwcJ  f* 



Dear  Sir:- 

Ho  doubt  you  have  aiis^ady  heard  about  the"Charity  Bazar" 
which  will  be  held  at  the  Milwaukee  Auditorium  from  iiarah  2-Y,  1916*-r' 
for  the  benefit  of  the  war  suff|rer^^  uL'-d'— *  > 

'i’he  auditorium, a  world  famous  building, has  bejyi^Mmted  from 

cellar  tc  "  "  J”  ~~-J  * - . .  | 


The  greatest  i - —  —  — -  . 

of  about  15,000  to  20,000  people.  TMls  hall  has  bedn  divided  into 
booths.  Every  society  has  taken  charge  of  at  least  one  boothvin 
which  they  will  sell  articles^!  all^orljS^^ 

The  G.U. 0. Germania  of  Wisconsin, a  fraternal  insurance  company 
has  taken  charge  of  two  booths,  tfe  have  thousands  of  donations 
from  all  over  the  world, a  rug  from  Palestine .antiques  from  Jeru¬ 
salem, table  cover  from  India, wagons, horses, automobiles, tickets 
for  trips  to  Europe, houses, lots, pianos  and  everything  imaginable, 
also  and  good  deal  of  cash  money  4,^^  ~A.  (?  O'-*5 

The  only  thing  that  is  not  represented  at  the  auditorium  so  fur 
is  a  phonograph  and  I  am  herebyWsking  you  to  riluese  to  be  so  kind 
and  donate  one  of  your  splendid  machines  to  this  bazar.  If  it  is 
not  possible  for  you  to  send  one, you  could  gi/e  r~ 
of  your  Milwaukee  agencies.  tLt,  '  " 

irpose?°  r00±‘‘  ^  in°h  ~ 

~  tp.i5-L.fc.  ■e.O'^dw  S-Ui-VM.  -£ 

The  greatest  attraction  is  rftFnnijfn  Hall  which*  ^as  a  capacity  \ 


>  a  credit  to  one*- 

^  . 

This  would  be  very  good  advertising  bedause  there  will  be  ii?***' 
thousand  of  people  attending  this  bazar  d(tiljr,iKii)  only  frouyinilwuukee 
but  from  all  over  the  United  States  and  most  of  the  Wisconsin 
business  men  are  anxious  to  donate  to  have  their  goods  displays^ 

It  would  be  a  very  small  expense  on  your  side  and  you  ',-^uld  be 
doing  a  very  good  deed  which  will  never  be  forgotten, and  poll  will 


t  1  Room  11  Metropolitan  Block 

- - — = 

Third  and  State  Streets 



fficgrttnctllDe  lliitmitithmiijn-ffirnrllntliaft  ffirrurattlu. 

#a,Kdison  Phon.Co., 

5M3S  s  s  V?jr&&sssms& 

fliers  who  gave  their  lives  for  their  country. 

■  Hoping  that  yon  will  not  decline  J:his  uppeul^-oheip  along 
this  noble  cause  and  hoping  to  hear  j.rou  1  y  ’ 

Shan'cing  you  in  advance, I  am, 

Gratefully  yours, 

.  s“,y  01  " 




Mrs.  Pauline  Kruger  Hamilton 

The  Austro-Hungarmn-American  Committee  of  Vienna 


Count  Albert  Apponyi 
Count  and  Countess  Hedervary 
Professor  Baron  and  Baroness 
Anton  von  Eiselsberg 

Countess  Nandine  Berchtold 
Professor  and  Mrs.  Fuchs 
Professor  Baron  and  Baroness 
Clemens  von  Pirquet 

Pauline  Kruger  Hamilton 


UJ[  y{igbt  in  Vienna' ” 

For  the  ‘Benefit  of  e Austro-Hungarian  Orphan  Babies  and  Blind  Soldiers 


Grand  Ballroom,  Waldorf-Astoria 
Monday,  March  6th,  1916,  at  9  p.m. 

A  delightful  entertainment,  replete  with  novelties,  has  been  provided  for  you. 
Many  of  the  country’s  most  celebrated  artists  have  contributed  their  services  to  make 
“The  Baby’s  Festival”  a  success. 

Dancing  Viennese  and  Hungarian  Music 

This  entertainment  will  afford  you  an  evening  of  delightful  pleasure  and  an  oppor¬ 
tunity  to  aid  a  most  worthy  cause. 

Arranged  by  Mrs.  Pauline  Krucer  Hamilton,  under  the  auspices  of  the 
Austro-Hungarian  Committee  of  Vienna 

Countess  Nandine  Berchtold 
Count  and  Countess  Hedervary 
Professor  Baron  and  Baroness 
Anton  von  Eiselsberg 

Mrs.  Pauline 


Professor  and  Mrs.  Kuchs 
Professor  Baron  and  Baroness 

Count  Albert  Apponyi 
r  Hamilton 

Executive  Entertainment  Committee 
Mr.  H.  C.  Pennrich,  Chairman 
Mrs.  Pauline  Kruger  Hamilton  Miss  Alice  Kauser 

Mrs.  Charles  Knoblauch  Dr.  Friedrich  Fischerauer 

Count  Franz  Revertera 

Musical  Commute 
Ways  and  Means 
Programme  Cornu 
Finance  Commute 
Patrons’  Commute 
Press  Committee 
Costumes  Commit 
Decoration  Comm 

d8n>.  — 

Professor  Paul  Kisler,  Chairman 
Mr.  Victor  C.  Winton,  Chairman 
Miss  Alice  Kauser,  Chairman 
Mrs.  Imre  Josika  Herczeg,  Chairman 
Countess  Revertera,  Chairman 
Dr.  Fischerauer,  Chairman 
Misses  Godowsky 
Mr.  P.  T.  Frankl 

“ Babies  are  Neutral" 
For  further  information,  please  write  or 
Mrs.  Pauline  Kruger  Ham 
29  West  Thirty-third  Street,  New  York 
Telephone:  Greeley  357 

Bazaar  for  the  Relief  of  Widows  and  Orphans 

of  German  and  Austro-Hungarian  Soldiers 

New  York,  March 

latever  view  we  may  take  of  the  political  asc 

H it n  ry  L.  Doherty  &  Company 

March  9th,  ^1916. 

,  -I yrp 
\ ^ 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

The  New  York  World  will  shortly  inaugurate 
a  campaign  to  secure  a  fund  of  $30,000.00  to  provide  the 
machinery  and  equipment  to  work  out  a  higher  standard  of 
illumination  than  has  yet  been  demonstrated  by  lighting 
the  Statue  of  Liberty. 

If  this  plan  meets  with  your  approval,  you 

can  help  create  interest  in  the  campaign  by  sending  in 
your  endorsement  to  the  New  York  V/orld  immediately  after 
the  first  article  is  published.  I  will  arrange  to  notify 
you  by  telegram  or  letter  when  the  first  article  will  ap¬ 

It  is  desired  to  keep  this  matter  strictly 
confidential  until  the  opening  gun  in  the  campaign  is 
fired  by  an  article  in  the  New  York  V/orld. 

Yours  sincerely, 








Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

On  behalf  of  the  President  of  this  Association 
please  allow  me  to  thank  you  for  your  welcome  contribution 
for  which  the  receipt  is  enclosed. 

At  this  particular  time  we  need  more  than  ever 
the  support  of  our  friends,  and  we  deeply  appreciate  your 
continued  interest. 

Very  truly  your  s  / 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

THIS  work  is 

•  irog  .  New  York,. 


111  EAST  69TH  STREET 

"  Acknowledges  with  thanks 

,  ,  oc’/  r— - - - ~zrz  Dollars 

he  receipt  of — sc*£*~*  x  /x~* . — .  - 

,4It  Is  very  encouraging 
doing  great ' 

The  Organization 


I-arch  24,  1916 

l/.r.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  I.'.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  tine  absence  of  Col.  F.  P.  Holland  to  whom  it  was 
sent,  your  favor  of  J.arch  17tn  inclosing  check  for 
ft50  as'  a  contribution  toward  a  home  for  superanua- 
ted  writers,  has  come  to  my  desk. 

In  behalf  of  Col.  Holland  permit  me  to  thank  you 
most  sincerely  for  tie  contribution.  The  Colonel 
will  be  absent  from  Dallas  for  several  weeks  but 
will  write  you  in  person  on  his  return. 

Yours  very  truly,  yn.  y. 

V-5»^i  Tr1'/”R.  ... 

'r .  Thorao3  A.  Edison,  w  ,  l  s  *-.<■*  JL  s'“  V': 

Orange,  ».  J.  <3  U«-  ~h^~F  V 

Dear  Sir:  oUAWf  1*-*^"“^ 

At  the  request  of  Presi^nI^i)oben^of^P^inceton  Dn^2S£Jt^’  1 
am  calling  a  meeting  of  a.  number  oilmen ‘'living  in\  t^  nei^ho^qpd^ 

Hewark  and  the  Oranges  to  discusB  '^•^e^po^q'l b^llty^o fjt ak  1  n g  some  is  art  in 
supplying  and  managing  a  New  Jersey^Tooth  at  the  AlllfiSjJJazpar  to  he  hpld«^ 
at  the  Grand  Central  Palace,  New  Y^FORty,  June^gd^  to  ^ine^  14th ,  1916, 
under  the  auspices  of  the  National  wtffe^'P.e\Vef  Committee the  War  He- 
H»f  m  earing  House  for  Prance  and  her^lli^sj  and  the  CommideioV.  for  P.e-&, 

ir/j'I’li'es.f  and 

i  that  you  have  already  l 


redjaetny  appeals  for  this 

s  the  time  and  effort.  I  i 

icturers  to  give  goods  tha.t  may  he  sold  at  the  Bazaar, 
le  is  the  same,  hut  the  method  is  different  and  shifts 

the  burden  from  the  few  who  have  already  dom 

t  my  office,  Room  520  15ss< 

Newark,  Monday  afternoon,  May  15th,  at  four  o'clock. 



\  May  17th,  1916. 

j  .  Aaoii  #>*■  ®*|**  "'f  *’ 

•  ** 

tUtf-VV?  "•  ■ 


IJy  dear  Ur.  Edison:-  i|  >•■»*»  ciA  ;|'- 

Mr.  Everett  Colby  '.las  infnrmbd^me^hat  yo’ 
misgivings  in  your  mind  concerning  the  linancieJ.  standing 

had  some 


)erS  of  the  Brand  Central  msco^ej^^AlU.e^E^ 
leld.  y/hon  X  was  askld Ho’  undertake  thp  Chai rmMshi:^  °  * JJli 
Jersey  Booth  at  the  BazaarT^inqui^ed  parti(|ilarly  concerning 
business  arrangements,  and  Mr.  Oscar  Straus  and  Uf-.  JlemphiU, 

that  ths  i 

or  the  New  York  guarantee  and  Trust  Company,  botjf  assured  me 
arrangement  with  them  was  a  oatisractorv  one.  VThe  Bazaar 

e  amount  received,  ti 
e  construction  o f  boot 

d  Central  Palace  10/>  t 
cover  rental  or  building,  light,  heat, 
the  carpenter  work,  the  care  oT 
or  nil  merchandise  which  is  to  1 
Hemphill  seemed  to  think  that  the  best  arrangement  was  one  in  which 
there  could  be  no  possibility  or  the  Bazaar  losing  by  any  possible 
rinanciol  irresponsibility  on  the  pert  of  the  members  ot  the  Brand 

the  building,  the  receiving  and  h« 

e  sold,  and  al}/0VBrheali  cliargas. 

Central  Palace.  I  an 
7/ith  varan  st  j 

securing  your  conporntinn* 



ln&Xk”*  r*. 

aX  wC***#-"- 

1’homas  A.  Edison,  Esqil  •  \.  J,  .. 

Orange,  E.J.  ^^“"3  , 

Iiy  dear  Hr.  Edison:  ^fjawwfc  . 

*  \  ,  f>  -vui.u.i*.  A.f.  l"«n 

I  have  unlucki?^  been  drawn  into  thfilpo  s  xt  i on'\|/_^ 

of  a  member  of  the  executive 

which  is  to  be  held  in  the  Grand  Central  Palaco\Hew  York. 

It  is  hoped  it  can  be  made  a  great  success,  including, 
does  the  work  for  and  activities  of  the^^ 


__  tuk 

Commission  for  Relief  in  Belgium,  f7  /  Q  \j 

Rational  Allied  Relief  Committee,  ana  **** 

War  Relief  Clearinghouse  for  France  an^  Her^  Allies . 

•  -  -  -  *"M*6  *“  *“  *“ie43fiC»« 

well  as  a  half  dozen  others  connected  with^this^on  ibl<?  w  . 

Iiy  purpose  in  writing  this  is  to  ash  if  y°u,^/^ 
out  of  the  generosity  of  your  soul,  will  contribute  sucht^4 
or  things  to  the  bazaar  as  are  most  characteristic  of 
great  work  and  supply  a  demonstrator  therefor  for  the  period 
from  June  3rd,  to  June  14th  inclusive. 

/  All  the  members  of  the  executive  committee  of 
the  bazaa/will  greatly  appreciate  anything  which  you  feel 

disposed' to  do.  / 

/  Very  truly  yours. 



ty*  OU.  C#-,  i  r-**  * 

Uay  18,  1916 

Thomas  A.  Jidison,  Ksq.  , 

Orange,  II, J. 

Dear  Ur,  iialson: 

Hef erring  to  my  appeal  of  yesterday  on 
hehalf  of  the  ALLIiSD  BAZAAR,  I  think  I  should  tell  you 
that  it  will  he  difficult  to  arrange  for  a  separate  room 
in  the  Grand  Central  Palace,  hut  every  effort  will  ha  made 
to  have  anything  you  donate  so  placed  as  to  make  a  demon- 
stration  of  it  practicable  and  attractive.  -f 

Very  truly  yours. 

~  - 


Referring  to  Mr.  Coffin's  letter  of  the  17th  and 
your  notation  thereon,  I  wish  to  call  attention  to  his  sub¬ 
sequent  letter  of  the  18th.  You  will  note  from  the  latter  that 
he  anticipates  difficulty  in  getting  a  separate  room  for  us. 

I  think,  however,  there  would  he  no  difficulty  m  putting  up 
a  booth,  hut  the  expense  would  he  considerable  and  would 
probably  have  to  be  borne  by  us. 

There  is  another  important  consideration  involved. 

If  we  give  them  a  phonograph  or  phonographs  to  be  raffled  off, 
we  do  something  that  we  would  not  permit  our  dealers  to  do.  As 
you  know,  we  are  skating  on  pretty  thin  ice  when  we  demand  that 
our  dealers  observe  all  of  our  rules  and  regulations  in  respect 
of  price  maintenance,  and  I  believe  we  ought  not  to  do  anything 
ourselves  that  we  will  not  permit  them  to  do. 

It  is  my  opinion  that  it  is  inadvisable  to  demonstrate 
the  instrument  at  this  3 

1st  -  The  Edison,  like  the  Mason  &  Hamlin  and 
Steinway  pianoB,  is  a  little  too  fine  a  thing  to  be 
demonstrated  satisfactorily  in  such  a  place. 

2nd  -  The  expense  of  demonstrating  at  Expositions 
is  usually  out  of  proportion  to  the  benefits  derived,  and 
we  have  adopted  the  rule  of  declining  to  go  into  any 
Exposition  as  an  exhibitor. 

3rd  -  If  we  present  a  couple  of  Edison  Phonographs 
to  the  Bazaar  and  permit  them  to  raffle  the  instruments, 
we  thereby  do  something  that  we  will  not  permit  our  deal¬ 
ers  to  do  and  correspondingly  weaken  our  position  on  price 

It  appears  to  me  that,  everything  considered,  it  would 
be  better  to  send  a  check  to  the  Bazaar  for  a  reasonable  amount 
than  to  make  them  a  present  of  a  couple  Phonographs,  and  con¬ 
sidering  the  fact  that  we  probably  can't  get  a  suitable  room 
for  the  demonstration  Tinless  we  put  up  a  booth  ourselves,  I 
don't  believe  that  the  advertising  we  would  get 
stration  at  the  Bazaar  would  be  worth  the  expense.  however,  if 
after  considering  all  of  these  points  you  nevertheless  feel  that 
it  is  advisable  to  go  ahead,  I  shall  get  in  touch  with  Mr. 

Coffin  immediately. 


C.  A.  coffin 
Thirty  Churoh  Street, 
New  York. 

May  23,  1916. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  am  now  informed  that,  it  having  been 
decided  to  take  an  additional  floor  at  the  Grand  Central 
Palace  for  the  ALLIED  BAZAAR,  a  room  can  he  provided  for 
the  demonstration  of  your  musical  devices. 

I  therefore  hope  you  may  he  constrained 
to  make  the  contemplated  donation  with  the  understanding, 
of  course,  that  the  arrangements  for  its  demonstration  shall 

he  satisfactory  to  you  or  your  representative. 

The  hazaar  management  also  inform  me  that 
it  would  he  greatly  appreciated  if  you  could  send  an  auto¬ 

graph  letter  somewhat _in  jthe  following  form: 

This  phonograph  is  my  personal  contribution 
to  the  Allied  Bazaar,  and  1  hope  it  may  he  of 
some  satisfaction  to  you  and  afford  those  to 
whom  it  or  other  phonographs  may  he  awarded, 
pleasure  and  profit  for  many  years.  M 

You  have  my  congratulations  and  hest  wishes 

Very  truly  yours.  ^  ^ 

Referring  to  the  attached  letter  of  the  24th  from 
Mr.  Keeler,  there  is  not  the  slightest  legal  reason  why  we 
should  not  sell  instruments  to  the  Bazaar  at  any  price  we  see 
fit.  If  we  decide  to  do  so  there  are  no  formalities  that  need 
to  he  observed  beyond  having  a  gentleman ‘s  understanding  with 
them  as  to  the  manner  in  which  the  instruments  will  be  dis¬ 
posed  of  at  the  Bazaar. 

The  objections  to  selling  Edison  Phonographs  to 
the  Bazaar  at  a  discount  are  objections  based  on  the  company‘8 

One  source  of  strength  that  we  have  with  our 
dealers  is  our  rigid  adherence  to  the  one  price  policy  in 
all  of  its  aspects.  We  are  credited  by  the  trade  with  a 
greater  sincerity  in  this  respect  than  any  of  the  other  manu¬ 
facturers.  We  take  great  pride  in  being  able  to  say,  and 
frequently  do  say,  that  aside  from  our  own  employees  no  one 
but  a  licensed  dealer  or  jobber  with  an  established  place  of 
business  can  buy  Edison  phonographs  from  us  at  less  than  full 
list  price.  If  we  make  an  exception  to  this  rule  in  the 
case  of  the  Bazaar,  some  of  our  dealers  are  likely 'to  inter¬ 
pret  it  as  a  breaking  down  of  our  traditional  policy. 

The  second  objection. to  letting  the  Bazaar  dispose 
of  any  ooreiderahle  number  of  $dison  Phonographs  is  that  there 
will  be  no  dealer  whom  we  oan  compel  to  give  mechanical  servioe 
in  case  anything  goes  wrong  with  the  instruments ,  with  the 
result  that  we  would  either  have  to  look  after  them  ourselves 
or  hire  a  jobber  or  some  dealer  to  do  so. 

A  third  objection  is  that  we  will  not  permit  a 
dealer  to  raffle  an  Edison  Phonograph,  and  if  we  promote  the 
raffling  of  several  Edison  Phonographs  by  the  Bazaar,  we 
perhaps  somewhat  weaken  our  position  with  such, dealers  as 
learn  of  our  action. 


C.C.  for  Ur.  Ueadov/croft. 

Kay  31,  1916. 


Hay  29th,  advising  that  the  writer  would 
communicate  with  you  in  connection  with  the  supplying 
of  an  Edison  Dictating  Machine  for  the  Mixes  Da sanr, 

V’e  believe  that  v/c  are  acting  properly  in 
this  matter  to  supply  this  Dictating  .Machine  with  the 
Phonograph  which  is  hoing  installed  this  week  in  the 
Grand  Central  Palace,  and  if  you  have  any  further 
instructions  to "give  the  writer,  we  will  be  pleased  to 
hear  from  you. 

’fours  very  tru^y, 




.jp*  „i^^r  J,  , 

"  ^  s'  f-  I1 

i'tuUn»v«stt\|  ofEnvtmto.  \^\  ^  \c~  cv'  ^ 

vt  \Jr  '■  *  / 

Jpe  'Warsttp  iHapjtne  Supplement  y  •.  j  j 

'  "  June  2  3rd,  1916.  .V  '  j/ 

..  Attention  Mr.  Edison. 

Gentleman - - 

At  the  outbreak  of  the  war  the  Governors,  the  Staff,  and  the 
Students  of  the  University  of  Toronto  organized,  u  base  hospital,  undor 
the  direction  of  the  Dominion  Government,  for  service  at  the  front,  and 
which  -was  placed  at  the  disposal  of  the  Allies,  and  which  now  is  located 
at  Saloniki,  in  Greece,  where  it  treats  over  1300  soldiers 

1  daily. 

When  the  Canadian  history  of  this  war  is  written,  one  of  its 
moat  glorious  pages  will  be  the  number  of  Canadian  hospitals  organized 
and  sent  from  Canada,  whose  efficiency  ana  provision  for  the  relief  of 
the  suffering  and  the  comfort  of  the  wounded  soldiers  has  won  the  high¬ 
est  praise.  On  behalf  of  this  work  we  appeal  to  you  for  help. 

We  appeal  to  you,  because  of  that  sympathy  we  believe  you  have 
in  our  work,  and  we  feel  assured  that  in  addressing  you  we  are  address¬ 
ing  sympathetic  friends  and  neighbors,  and  that  your  corporation  through 
the  instrumentality  of  our  University,  will  be  pleased  of  this  opportunity 
of  aiding  those  who  fall  in  battle. 

Over  300,000  Canadians  are  on  active  service,  and  3,000 
graduates  and  students  of  our  University  have  enlisted,  and  many  of  them 
our  honoured  dead,  sleep  under  the  soil  of  Prance  and  Belgium. 

The  services  that  our  hospitals  will  render  the  wounded  will 
depend  on  the  resources  which  they, command  to  meet  the  great  expenditure 
incurred  in  maintaining  an  organization  of  this  kind  at  the  battle  front. 
With  a  view  to  further  aiding  and  supplementing  their  previous  work  in 
raising  funds  for  this  purpose,  the  Students'  Administrative  Council  of 
the  University  will  publish  a  special  illustrated  edition  of  their 
college  journal,  "The  Varsity",  the  fhll  proceeds  of  which  will  go  to 
the  eauipment  and  maintenance  fund  of  our  Canadian  hospitals  organized 
for  servioe  at  the  front  and  at  home,  and  we  hope  through  our  present 
campaign  to. add  Jl00.000.00  to  our  Hospital  Fund. 

Among  the  contributors  will  be  Sir  ftobert  Borden, 
ster  of  Canada';  President  Falconer,  University  of  Toronto; 
Walker,  President  Canadian  Bank  of  Commerce,  Sir  Frederick 

,  Prime  Mini- 
Sir  Jidmund 
Will iams- 

graduates  a£  SKr?  enlisted;,.  ».  bio- 

SSJ5" of  1 t£°SiSS.5;eo?1 LCotioi  Bat Hof tax  .  and  photographs 
of  the  Ambassadors  of  the  Allies,  at  Yfashington. 

mill?  v.-jothy  MAGA2IHE  SUPPLEMENT  will  be  sold  throughout 

Canada  and^JS-?^®.  °^-0^^on1fU^9^rf 1 ^0 
Our  aim  is  to  make  it  the  most  notable  publieati  on  ot  tne  **;  for 

;r  ^iS^  ssm  sa 


pository  for  our  Funds. 

Canada  is  your  best  customer  many  of  °”rPfnf  ^'^^dy;°far 3 
people,  and  many  of  y™*  pe°pl canlda  Ld  the  privilege  of  contributing 

IZ^llorXlt  S  «dfPOrllarSato 

her°f alien  soldier s?  who  are’ fighting  for  the  common  cause  of  humanity. 

tend  to  him. 

\’ie  beg  to  remain, 

Yours  faithfully, 


CAjjUjiJi,  CMU 

’  Ggneral  Secretary  and  Treasurer  of  the 
Varsity  Magazine  Supplement  Hospital  rund, 
University  of  roronto, 

Toronto,  Canada. 


• . -==="• .  ^ 


My  dear  Mr.  Edison :- 

I  am  trying  in  many  ways  to  raise  funds  for  the  French  and  Belgian 
War  orphans  and  xrae  of  my  little  plans  has  been  most  attractive. 
Scribner  Sons '  made  for  me  a  fine  autograph  book  of  vellum  in  which  I 
am  asking  American  children  and  "grown-ups"  also,  to  write  their  names 
(at  10^  each)  and  then  the  book  .is  to  be  sent  (by  permission)  to 
His  Majesty  King  Albert  of  Belgium,  to  be  given  to  his  little  daughter, 
Marie  Jose,  from  the  American  children.\ 

I  am  boldly  asking  a  few  distinguished  men,  like  yourself,  to  come 
in  and  join  the  children  in  this;  -  (and  any  of  your  family  who  wish 
to  do  so),  will  you  be  kind  enough- "to  sign  our  book  -  if  I  send  it 
over  to  your  home,  at  your  convenience?  All  of  we 'clergymen  have 
signed,  and  Dr.  Hugh  Black  &c : .  Our  dear  friend  Mr.  William  Couper 
and  many  other  artists  have  promised  sketches,  to  insert  in  it,  and 
we  think  it  is  to  be  worthy  of  the  object  intended.  Ex- President 
Taft  and  probably  Col.  Roosevelt  and  several  others  also  will  sign  it; 
and  it  seems  most  popular  -  though  it  has  only  just  started.  I  had 
a  big  affair  on  my  lawn,  (per  enclosed  program)  and  we  made  $500.00 
that  night.  She  autograph  album  was  one  of  the  attractions  of  the 
Belgium  tent,  and  we  made  several  dollars  in  10^  pieces-  to  be  sent 
with  the  book  so  that  the  little  exiled  Srincess  may  give  the  money 
collected  to  the  homeless  Belgium  children. 

I  sincerely  trust  that  you,  kind  sir,  will  sign  this  book,  and 
make  us  very  happy  -  kindly  tell  your  Secretary  when  X  may  send  it 

I  neglected  to  say  that  in  the  front  of  the  book  is  this  pledge . 

"She  American  children,  pledge  our  loyal  devotion  to 
the  principles  of  Liberty  and  Justice  for  which 
the  Belgium  people  have  given  their  last  full,  measure 
of  devotion". 

I  am  sure  any  good  American  may  sign  that. 

Pardon  my  long  letter,  kind  sir,  and  with  great  admiration, I  am, 
Very  faithfully, 

(signed)  R.  Wheeler  Baker. 

(Mrs.  Charles  Whiting  Baker). 

7va^CaN  c 


c.i  (id 




.  - 

A  N  A  L  L  E  G  O  \\  Y 

JUNE  9,  19  16 

1'RKNCH  A  N  I)  Iliac!  I  AN  OR  I’ll  A  NS 




^  4/ 

fib-'  k(-? TVt-^Cl 

July  12th.  1916, 

Mr.  Collier  C.  Grant,  • 

Genoral  Secretary  and  Ereesuror  of  the 
Varsity  Magazine  Supplement  Ho  op  it  al  Mu#!, 

University  of  Toronto, 

Eoronto,  Canada. 

Dear  Sir : 

Your  favor  of  tho  23ra  ultimo  has  been  handod  to 
mo,  and  X  have  given  its  contents careful  attention. 

An  advertisement  such  as  you  suggest  would  con¬ 
flict  very  seriously  with  some  vory  elaborate  advertising 
plans  which  were  decided  upon  several  months  ago,  and  which 
are  now  being  carried  out-  I  shall,  therefore,  havo  to  ask 
you  to  oxcuse  mo  from  entering  into  tho  advertising  foaturo, 
but  instead  I  should  prefer  to  send  my  personal  chock  for 
$100.00  for  the  fund,  instead  of  giving  tho  advertisement. 

If  this  is  agrooablo,  plcaso  adviso  mo  as  410  where 
I  shall  send  the  cheek. 

Yours  vory  truly, 


rj  1-0  C  ■ 

J^L^u^l  4  yt~L  /•  /y  U^  /4  ,l'L^ 

***  jA  ^7/— 

r  n--?  A  ^>(SS  -*<  V 

/v  4‘  <yf  r-C^ 

,i .  4 *■  {  s(  /L^o  A  a 

4L*^f  —yi^r  &*-*-'£  y^ 

'7  u 

A  /4- 

.J4.  ^.,-L^  e^A  a,  /U, . 

(-TO  «.6-^-  -  *■—  77 

-4/  ,x^  0> w'/  <i-i’-  1-C-.  ^  |VK/^4<i<«  ■  ■/'/-■  a 

/A  •L-U'O  *■  /£*  **+-w^p 

jy  ;/uvct^/  tx.  lr*c**~*^  c^vi^t  '&C^+.^s1/C^ 

y  /L 

,j^  /4.<,  f  /*< 

/^<-rK  "A*-  0  t*'3' 

4:^  /—«.<■(*—  ^ 

/  ,<J  ,  ,/  . 

/v-x_,  fhC*.'"-  e*-'  **+  /K/cv/ 

^  IL  1-^vC  l^.  u  ■  J^~«-  -  t  *  -*?Lu. 
l*Xc^-.*-*a^A-  t  A  ^  4 

yy^  t^LsUo  *  &  .o  U-^-y/L. 

cU*~*-  *>  tyy~-^r  .  JL^<L^  /—y'. 

A  ^e  ^v/"  ^  A/C  /Av-^,  •  /£-*-/  c  a-tC-C  *  (— 

■  c^J^c^-s  L<  ^ ;  — 

^  uAy^^At-  y  c. ~ 

;  4^ 

«(_  //—IT-  /  <^l  t 

■4^  y^uL^o  *  ^  «^=  •  -//  /4 

jL-A.  /L~~-~-—-« <-  «  7*— «.  /"  34" — < ^ /*-~^yL4?  .1 


rt4~.  ^  ^  ' 

K*~*~  tA  ^  ^ . .  ^  -/—  r 

Ji  .,  iU  .c^a,  ^ - 

,w.^~  /*■*  — «■'  /u~<+^.A~*iu- 

*  .4—  ^  — 

^  ,^.i  /„<—  *~~  ^ —■  <€“''^” 

'*4  /'>“^'-  " 

/^-'A0-^~a  !^lj~Aj—A-  A~ 

Tb^-^^A  /t--3  f^*-'-,  C<L^\.  ': 

■^rj^fA  k 


/a  Ams46* — 

La  A K  A 

{  J-f^  rLo  ^  4  /4  efu^A 

dC-^O^  /  cC  L  ~ 

w-  «,—‘//  ^ 

/A~  .  /A  '  y^yL  <-  ^  /,  /A 

*«./ 1 6  (-  LLjU^t-*  *-~«-  /~f~ 

{  oLnrr^  ^  c  ^  O.  /„  0~~ ,  A  -  W  7^" 

&.  ^  JL-A^  L^c  "4~ 

'  .^(M-^A  O'  ^c •*-'*  4  A  —A~~— <c*-^  ~~ 

L  C,  6W^  O-f^^.  «  ^  ‘'C‘-^ 

tv^a^  /-y-  fc*-«-*  C.  /U.4  XuU~^y^  A  — ^ 

L  /L*i  ^  oA—/  /  a  «-y-  i-V^WA  rj  4/4-r-A^  ,  ^'~- 

x^/^Ay^.  /-  '-wy—  4  ^  •  V  A*~  -^yy  L^:‘(- 

v^c/L  »sCryy  '^-L-'lo  '<-  A'U-A  c~-  ,L,^~~Ar  <-  <^-A^  d 

L  L  sUy_^-^^~  /A-  (,  SL  ^  - 

it^'Of^^V  '  Hr  '—4  <1  *=* 

L>''0*$*-A(i  -durc^C-  rs 

’  l~ts'(r~-t*d. 

AA  c^C  ^  f  L  * 



f  y^syiy  /.*»  l^-V  '/{sf,~c-**-~'(0. 

f  & — */ 
^  /*- 

V  ^  p<  /<2^'C^*-^  <*-*  u ^  J.  ‘1  <&'^Z£-0\ 


4  sutt*  a  X  /*— ■'  «- 

>^/CL^ *—=  X  ^ 

/l~*.  /  •  rC/^  ***'£> 

,  t*r^0 

■  — £, 

4.  £  -£,  -^ir<-  A'Msr-^-'rf-?  ,  'C  cr~i*~^t'  ^  *'•  *“  ‘  "*—^4- 

yC  A.  ^  ^  ,^^-i  j  A  ^ 

^  i^,^l^<L  j/y  -t— y  /&v^  A^O*^  /'!~~1  7— 

C^—v  X— w.  7  X  yu/v  *  ^**  "• 

,  -C'^  A  ^  -^-  ~'  ^  /i'“‘-  7  ■ 

y^  /■—<-—<  —  -7*“^-^ 

-yy^w.  *iy-o+~*^  ^~y  l 

4.  ^U.^  r,  r~p  ■<~~^~'1-y  7f”A'  '  /‘~ 

*  ch^l^^X.  S  L<lA-t~0/&-t~ 

V  «yor*.«y 
€(.-<_«_-^  ^^ixvwvy/O-^7 


sL  / /t-W^-V^  ... 

w  (/1~~  '7^a^zSt~ 

^  y4uf  ^  j2^*-'isf  —  « 
/tyb-' — /y — ~yA*-  <- 

AX  /  XX 





tiul  the  i 
the  Had 

rinK  practice, 
il vantage  of 
for  further 

of  the  third 
he  regular 
-rvcniiiK  sum- 
>r's  and  Alas- 

ihemical  engi- 
those  whose 
irmation  are 

be  of  service  to  the  industry  concerned,  yet  this 
pective  return  is  not  figured  as  an  asset  to  the  ph 
a  return  for  the  use  of  the  factory  as  a  chcmica 
neering  laboratory  the  Institute  proposes  to  es 
and  direct  for  each  company  concerned  a  resea 
gan i /.at ion  devoted  entirely  to  the  solution  of  it 
vidua!  problems.  While  a  laboratory  will  lie  mail 
at  each  station,  the  extensive  research  facilities 
Institute  will  be  available  for  work  of  a  specia 
actor,  and  the  faculty  of  the  Institute  will  func 
a  consulting  stall*. 

The  earning  power  of  industrial  research  is  n 
lirmly  established  to  require  any  argument  to 
strate  the  possibilities  for  co-operative  service 
the  plan  possesses.  It  is  earnestly  hoped  that  in 
be  found  an  effective  method  by  which  science 
more  closely  linked  to  industry  for  the  lasting  1 

Hygroscopic  Properties  of  Sodium,  1: 
sium  and  Ammonium  Nitrates,  Potass 
Chlorate  and  Mercury  Fulminate 

77' A. 

.oil)  Company  /  . 

. 3  \i'.4 

Q  bj 



CfylA  <7e*  /J?  /Jsda 

-jrJ  ZOv-  I 



wtita/d1  //Lf> 

Acs  \ 

.  "~~r  ‘ 


CaaaAoL  oA  ATau7&-iy^  J  /jujC  /?fes  C 

7?<C/u,,  Al(yvyz'*  ruyz<AA/  oj  z^o2cT  <g  &*-&£**.  ZunA>  Z7^ 

</ryjQ  AlToA  T&cy  C77 o  ^CCe-za  <yv  *-ojL>  S$zx-tj€hAA-ty  -Zo 

^  Oy'C&Cut  V< 


~4i  e~rtSLx>  Oj  ^crJ  a>  ‘jfizAAjrtA.aJt* 

\jCAji.A  ye 

^z6Cts*  //id 


Twjit-  //aj-  A  A/ ct)->  A-ccbzAjzu  yc 
A-c-cu->  o-t  -o<  -zct « -oe-ost-ty  ytAr< 

ZL  Z-/ess.  Cui-rS  id  //Lc-C*  <4  3  caAsisv*-t . 

CA  A-dAz-*  ACxD* 

3  d  ^T^at-uLb  7ujt*-da-6^  z£"  fzjuit-Oi  <~d  -tfz-ut  e>M  Z-£d-i. 
i^zjLOz/)  AA  <rr*z£  /AaJL.  yazA  iy  yoz*>  COW  V>o-caw  W  a-y  -^"  <J°~ 

3  «^2>  <ju  <^^4a  <S4a A-oiAZX.AtrcA, 

y  l/VJU  a£«  CeAA/AJUX 

j  cou 50  Aaaj  ytrtAsS  way  - 
0*J  /l  S  l  r  dj  ©  /Xa-C  way  X-4  y  rZ 

.%£-  ZddL.  /y/cUAy  V%vcQ  V  O  Z5feS'V/& 

^  £dl-ty<ytiy  7ceAAA  / 

/^T  ^fl-y  zjlA  , 

ZcjLty&i  Tieosv  <*6~>  oyy>ea^Ah- </y  ez^&itA-^js 

id  7£=yha  yozA  <?  <tM  &JLA.  y nos  wyy>  do  c£o  v*o  <st<A<3  i/vl« 

/Ajd  OjozczALyy 

A/ z/dt~ Aotdi  euyasdt*  d  ojud 

'A/C<W  'd/tAA-Q-tAA-'j  x/^AAaA 

~~ZAaL  Ad  .  ckc^-QAj^  ■ 

l Z^rZUOA  CL.  (Sfausi^  (S?» 


1  Ju>  CU 

homas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  u  WJ*wU*'^Y’  T**'  t7 * 

Llewellyn  Park,  ixAtf'n,.  U*-.  , 

West  Orange,  ;N.  £,1C»  eUrtw  4 

*“  “•  £UL4.  *»»  WMi 

Through  the  courtesy  of  Hr.  lefferte,  I  present  for  / 


■our  consideration  some  of  the  data  cbnoerning  the  George  \  .  , 

*W  tU 

'ashington  Memorial  Building.  Sor  yoto  conyeri^ence,  I;-,wiU  H  ^ lvf... 
tate  as  briefly  as  possible  tfce  main  facts.  'J  J  j-f.  4  1 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  M 
Llewellyn  Park, 

West  Orange,  ,M.  J.  . 


Dear  Mr.  Edison:  \  ■  „ 

Some  years  ago  a  gtfCup  \f  men  ant 
with  the  fact  that  there  was  in  the JJity  o: 
of  sufficient  dignity  and  size  to  permit  Jfi 
national  character  to  be  carrfed’  on  in  1  p] 

JxC&U-fa.  4 

Oup'of  men  and  women  wepre  impressed 
Ix4j£.^>  d>  tJ&t-M  'ViCA.<-^f<w/ 
in  the  City  of  Washington  no  building 

jgS^T,-*  K««  **■*•*♦•** 

;e  to  permit  Jfune  ti'ons  that  have  a 

**«£*&.  tfSiKft 

led.  on  in  a  proper  way .  As  the  >  ^ 
.1  j.^1  -WLy-vw.  U5«^-» 
for  a  Geo qge  Washington  Memorial 

.....  rr 

Building  gradually  took  shaJiW-4*-'  *Ab  you*^iow .W^h^igton/was 
eager  that  our  national  city  should  be  a  center  for  that^general 
diffusion  of  knowledge  the  promotion  of  which,  he  declared  in 
his  farewell  address,  to  be  of  primary  importance.  He  bequeathed 
canal  bonds  which  had  been  given  to  him  by  the  State  of  Virginia 
towards  the  endowment  of  a  university  in  the  District  of  Columbia, 

but  these  proved  worthless . 

In  an  appeal  to  Congress  on  the  Bubjeet  of  such  a 
university,  Washington  said  of  the  assimilation  of  the  principle: 
opinions  and  manners  of  our  country,  -  "the  more  homogenous  our 



oitizens  can  be  made  in  these  particulars,  the  greater  will  he 
the  prospect  of  a  permanent  union.” 

It  would  seem  therefore  that  a  convention  hall  large 
enough  to  provide  for  great  national  and  international  assemblies 
would  be  a  fulfillment  of  V/ashington' s  wish  carried  out  along  the 
line  of  present  day  needs.  Congress  has  done  its  part  in  giving 
a  square  of  land  facing  the  Mall  east  of  the  Mew  national  Museum. 

The  control  and  administration  of  the  building  is  vested  by  Aot 
of  Congress  in  the  Board  of  Regents  of  the  Smithsonian  Institute. 

The  accepted  design  for  the  Memorial  has  been  approved  by  the 
Commission  of  Fine  Arts.  Photographs  and  ground  plans  of 

the  same  accompany  this  letter.  In  addition  to  the  great 

Auditorium  dedicated  to  the  Signers  of  the  Declaration  of  Inde¬ 
pendence  and  capable  of  seating  7,000  people,  smaller  halls  and 
many  rooms  for  permanent  headquarters  of  scientific,  educational, 
patriotic  and  literary  societies,  have  been  provided. 

President  Wilson  has  recently  said:  "We  should  wish  to 
regard  this  as  the  one  place  where  ideas  worth  while  are  exchanged 
and  shared"  -  this  was  said  in  reference  to  the  Rational  Capital. 

The  proposed  serviceable  Memorial  to  Washington  would  provide  a 
suitable  meeting  place  for  such  an  exchange  and  sharing  of  views. 

By  Act  of  Congress  the  George  Washington  Memorial  Asso¬ 
ciation  was  given  authority  to  collect  Binds.  The  same  Act  pro¬ 
vided  that  the  building  must  cost  not  less  than  two  million  dollars, 
one  million  of  which  must  be  in  hand  before  the  building  operations 
About  1-350, 000  had  already  been  donated.  Among 
Messrs.  J.  J.  Hill,  John  A.  Dix,  J.  B.  Duke, 

are  begun, 
the  donors 



Hiram  Sibley,  Edward  Harkness  and  Meadames  John  Hay,  F.  P.  Thompson, 
Phoebe  Hearet,  R.  D.  Evans  and  William  BlisB. 

In  order  to  hold  the  gift  of  land  the  Association  must 
complete  the  first  million  before  March,  1917.  Therefore  a  special 
effort  is  being  made  at  this  time  to  arouse  patriotic  people  to  an 
appreciation  of  the  value  of  the  Memorial. 

I  appeal  to  you  for  your  endorsement  of  the  enterprise. 
Such  an  endorsement  will  mean  more  to  those  to  whom  we  present  the 
cause  of  the  practical  value  of  this  timely  undertaking  than  the 
endorsement  of  any  other  American. 

If  you  find  it  possible  to  write  a  word  which  shall 
carry  your  approval  of  the  plan,  you  will  render  a  very  great 
service  to  the  Memorial.  Should  you  also  find  it  possible  to 
commend  the  work  to  Mr.  Henry  Pord  so  that  with  your  approval 
I  may  gain  a  hearing  with  that  gentleman,  that  would  be  a  much 
valued  assistance.  Perhaps  I  should  tell  you  that  my  only 
interest  personally  is  the  satisfaction  of  doing  my  little  toward 
this  national  work. 

I  will  ask  you  to  have  your  reply  directed  to  me  at 
Hotel  Cadillac,  Detroit,  where  I  arrive  on  October  17th.  Should 
you  be  interested  in  talking  this  matter  over  I  shall  be  most 
happy  to  return  to  Hew  Vork,  but  I  trust  that  my  statement, necessa¬ 
rily  a  long  one,  may  find  favor. with  you. 

With  great  esteem,  believe  me,  my  dear  Mr.  Edison, 

(Mrs.  A.J.  George)  Very  truly  yours,  ^ 

£  disc* 

Your  esteemed  £  av o r  oL'  Ootober  24 
I  appreciate  your  statement  and  I  should  n 
did  I  not  fear  that  you' have  entirely  misu 

Hotel  Blackstone, 
Chicago,  Ill. 

Oot.  30,  1910. 

.  is  at  hand, 
ot  again  .vrite  you, 
nder stood  my  re- 

It  is  not  at  all  the  wish  of  its  trustees  to  have 
the  George  '.Yashington  Memorial  built  at  tne  expense  of  the 
world-wide  relief  work,  the  Bed  Cross  Societies ,or  any  other 
of  the  meritirious  charities  which  press  their  deserved 
claims  upon  us.-  Heither  is  it  the  wish  of  those  men  and 
women  to  interest -Mr .  Ford  in  the  Memorial  in  such  a  way  as 
to  influence  his  gifts  to  these  other  causes. 

The  fact  is,,  teat  in  order  to  bind  the  pledge  of  land 
(riven  by  Congress  four  years  ago,  the  first  million  must  be 
In  hand  by  March  next;  about  four  hundred  thousand  dollars 
of  t.nis  amount  is  already-  paid  in.  If  the  balance  could  be 
assured. the  buildins  of  this  Memorial, which  it  is  ,-oped  will 
contribute  so  much  to  the  cause  of  Industrial  Peqce  and 
understanding  between  the  nations, could  be  undertaken  at  once. 

Because  of  the  necessity  for  prompt  action,  I  h  d  hoped 
to  interest  Mr.  Ford  who  could  easily  make  this  work  possible, 
and, quite  in  accord  with  your  own  views,  it  would  not  be  neceosar; 
to  go  to  the  public  in  a  general  way  for  subscriptions 
you  say,  they  are  overburdened  with  requests  franall  quarters. 

Furthermore,  it  is  my  understanding  that,  quite  independ¬ 
ent  of  charities  which  I.!r.  ford  may  recognise  and  favor,  he  is 
ready  to  give  liberally  to  such  undertakings  as  tne  memorial,  if 
he  can  be  convinced  of  the  integrity  of  the  project  and  of  its 
National  usefulness. 

May  1  again  express  the  hope  that  you  may  be  willing  to 
commend  the  project?  This  commendation  would  me  with 

the  means  of  reaching  and  interesting  Mr.  ford,  undouDtedly  to 
the  extent  of  investigating;  for  he  certainly  could  not  fail 
after  investigation  to  recognize  the  wide  useiulnesc  of  ouch 

a  Memorial  as  is  proposed.  I  apologise  for  the  second 
appeal  to  you  but  the  importance  ol'  the  Memorial  as  an  im¬ 
mediate  undertaking  urges  me  on. 

Believe  me.  my  dear  Mr.  Edison,  with  most  sincere 


(Mrs.  A . J .  George). 


truly  yours, 



•  ^ 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Chemicals  (E-16-16) 

These  folders  contain  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  expansion,  consolidation,  and  reorganization  of  Edison's  personally 
owned  organic  chemical  businesses  in  1 91 6.  Included  are  items  pertaining  to 
the  addition  of  new  product  lines  such  as  para-amidophenol  (used  in  dyeing 
and  photograph  developing);  sales,  contracts,  and  deliveries;  customer 
complaints  about  the  quality  of  the  product;  and  plant  design  and  operations. 
There  are  also  references  to  increased  chemical  production  by  other 
companies,  declining  prices,  the  search  for  new  phenol  and  toluol  customers, 
and  the  decision  to  discontinue  aniline  production  at  the  end  of  the  year. 
Specific  issues  that  received  Edison's  personal  attention  include  the  design 
of  a  new  benzidine  plant,  widespread  phenol  discoloration  due  to  faulty  cans, 
the  accumulation  of  unsold  stocks  of  low-demand  chemicals  such  as 
naphthaline  and  myrbane,  the  sale  of  toluol  to  foreign  governments,  and  a 
contract  dispute  with  Great  Britain  involving  Herbert  Lewis,  John  Fletcher 
Moulton,  and  Lord  Northcliffe. 

Also  included  are  interoffice  communications  providing  summary 
information  regarding  plant  productivity,  contracts  for  raw  materials,  the 
distribution  of  phenol  and  paraphenylenediamine  to  various  customers,  and 
the  status  of  Edison's  personal  chemical  plants.  A  few  documents  discuss 
more  general  issues  such  as  labor  conditions,  environmental  pollution, 
Edison's  opinions  about  the  future  of  the  U.S.  chemical  industry,  and  his  ideas 
on  color  dyes  and  chlorine  products. 

Most  of  the  business  correspondence  was  initially  handled  by  Edison's 
personal  assistant,  William  H.  Meadowcroft.  By  the  end  of  the  year,  most 
sales  had  been  turned  over  to  the  newly  formed  Chemical  Sales  Division 
under  the  direction  of  Frederick  D.  Lockwood,  while  specialty  products  made 
in  smaller  volumes  were  sold  in  bulk  to  the  American  Oil  &  Supply  Co.  in 
Newark.  Other  Edison  employees  who  appear  as  authors  and  recipients 
include  chief  engineer  Miller  Reese  Hutchison,  who  also  negotiated  sales 
contracts  in  his  own  right;  plant  designer  William  H.  Mason;  H.  H.  Meno 
Kammerhoff,  supervisor  of  operations  at  Edison's  chemical  plants  in  Silver 
Lake,  New  Jersey;  plant  managers  Wilfred  S.  Dowling  and  James  T.  Phelan; 
experimenter  Peter  C.  Christensen;  and  sales  managers  Archibald  C.  Emery 
and  Frederick  D.  Lockwood. 

Among  the  corporate  correspondents  are  E.  B.  Badger  &  Sons.,  Binney 
&  Smith  Co.,  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co.,  Ltd., ,  Du  Pont  de  Nemours  &  Co., 
Eastman  Kodak  Co.,  Merck  &  Co.,  Mitsui  &  Co.,  J.  P.  Morgan  &  Co.,  E.  R. 
Squibb  &  Sons,  and  Stein  Hirsh  &  Co.,  as  well  as  numerous  firms  in  the  textile 
and  fur  dyeing  industries,  which  were  major  consumers  of  Edison's  products. 
Other  correspondents  include  benzol  purchasing  agent  Clarence  Dillon, 
aniline  sales  broker  Stanley  Doggett,  Swiss  chemist  William  Knecht,  and 
Lieutenant  Commander  H.  Kimberly,  powder  inspector  for  the  U.S.  Navy. 

Because  Edison's  secretaries  glued  carbon  copies  of  replies  to  the 
original  incoming  correspondence,  the  items  in  these  folders  are  not  in  exact 
chronological  order.  Some  of  the  letters  may  be  difficult  to  read  because  of 
the  dark  brown  paper  used  for  the  carbons. 

Approximately  15  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
selected  documents  reflect  Edison's  personal  role  in  making  business  and 
technical  decisions,  setting  overall  strategy,  and  dealing  with  specific 
customer  relations  problems.  The  unselected  material  includes  routine 
business  correspondence  handled  by  Meadowcroft;  inquiries  that  received 
standard  replies;  routine  items  relating  to  orders,  shipping,  and  delivery 
delays;  credit  checks  on  prospective  customers;  routine  and  unexecuted 
contracts;  sales  catalogs;  chemical  analysis  reports;  customer  lists;  multiple 
copies  of  form  letters;  and  replies  stating  that  Edison  was  away  in  Florida  or 
on  a  camping  trip.  Also  unselected  are  technical  and  business  documents  not 
handled  by  Edison  personally  such  as  complaints  about  product  quality; 
reports  on  benzol  plant  operations  from  Claude  H.  Opdyke  at  Woodward, 
Alabama,  and  John  Bacon,  Jr.  at  Johnstown,  Pennsylvania;  technical  notes 
on  plant  design  and  operations;  and  routine  administrative  records  relating  to 
the  various  Silver  Lake  plants.  The  numerous  outgoing  letters  that  duplicate 
the  correspondence  in  the  General  Letterbook  Series  have  not  been  selected. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  the  Harry  F.  Miller  File— Chemical 
Correspondence  and  Contracts  (Legal  Series)  and  in  the  Chemical  Production 
Records  (Special  Collections  Series). 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Chemicals  (E-16-16) 

January  5i >■  1916. 

Mr.  Edison: 

Ploase  adviso  mo  if  you  will  have  any  toluol 
"or  salo  this  year,  and  if  so,  what  price  you  are. asking  for 

IIUi’UHinOil . 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Company 




Edison  laboratory 

Silver  Lake.  N.  J.,— Jaiiy..— 4,  -1916.--  — 

-  Y 

i'r.  '.V.  H.  Headowcroft, 

Laboratory.  ^ - -  g- 

Lear  Ur.  headowcroft:-  (jL^aaA "?£**  L'> 

Confirming  telephone  conversation  0|^yesterday  reg/u-ding_  the 
drums  belonging  to  U.itsui  &  Co.,  we  finf 
n  hand.  Of  the  3 

for  residue  from  th  ,  _  .  ^  ^  rC^.JtV  r  «:*•<♦ -*» — 

r  that *purpo8c  repeatedly, land  twelve  which 

have  not  been  used.  Upon  taking  tlus'matterTup  with  Tp^'lially ,  he 
advises  that  he  was  direated  to  use  these  drums  for  this,  purpose 
bv  :?r.  Edison.  f 

l.  Of  these  we  have. used  twe^r^as^ooiiteuiers^^ 
thelfiltering  presses,  twenty-six  for  s*"”™ 
r  U5-V-V 

Very  truly  yours,  y' / 

-r.  ^  .,r* 

1ft"  <i'“  ,  f‘ 

!►**  n  „•*  >•• 

Xz'i  ; 

1 ... 




**■*  et^J  )!*" 

January  4,  1916. 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

Estimated  Construction  Cost  To  Date 
Aniline  Division 

Labor  and  Uaterial  $  105,711.13  ^ 

Phenol  Division 

Labor  and  Uaterial  208,495.70 

Woodward  Benzol  Plant 


•V  Co. 

Dear  Ur.  Edison: 

mitJanuary  4 i 191 6 

■eoeipt  of  your  note  in  re¬ 
gard  to  extending  youf  benzol  contract  to  the  end  of 
this  year.  I  have  ta£en  this  matter  up  with  my  friends 
and  they  are  very  anxious  to  take  care  of  you  if  they 
can.  They  have  not /made  any  sales  at  all  for  some  time, 
and  have  not  renewed  any  of  their  contracts  which  have  being  JSheir  intention  to  reserve  all  the 
benzol  they  can  in  order  to  be  able  to  take  care  of  you. 
They  will  not  sell  benzol  to  anyone  without  first  giv¬ 
ing  you  the  opportunity  to  buy. 

/  You  understand  of  course  that  they  are 
building  a  pla£t  to  refine  benzol, and  this  plant  will 
use  a  large  amount  of  their  product, but  not  their  entire 
production, anil  they  now  think  they  are  going  to  be  able 
to  take  care  of  you. 

|  X  am  writing  them  again  today  and 
suggesting  that  they  figure  over  tr.elr  production  and 
requirements  |o  that  we  can  give  you  an  early  answer. 
Then  you  will  }have  a  definite  idea  of  what  quantity  you 
may  expect  frofy  them.  I  hope  to  have  an  answer  for  you 
by  the  end  of  fh^jteplc. 

wishes  for  < 

Very  truly  yours. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq. 
Orange,  ii.  J. 


.  January  4,  1916. 

Edison  Laboratory,  i  j  JuLa  neuw* 

______ — j^s^air^r 

Just  how  the! change  of  ownership  of  the 
Arlington  Company  is  going  to  affect  you  is  interest¬ 
ing.  This  change  will  he  very  much  to  your^d^an----,,,  t 

The  solution  department  w(}ich  has  up  to  -- 

this  time  been  supplying'!  your  Lacquer  and  Enamel  needs 
is  going  to  he  operated  by  the  DuPont  Chemical  Company 
at  120  Broadway,  New  York  City.  This  means,  that  instead 
of  having  this  business  handled  as  a  side  line  hy  a  p 

larger  Company,  it  will  fee  handled  and  conducted  as  a  ^ 
separate  business;  the  whole  undivided  attention  of 
its  employees  will  he  to!  satisfy  you.  r 

We  would  like  ito  have  you  forward  your  p 

correspondence  to  this  new  address  and  take  up  all  f 

matters  pertaining  to  this  department  of  the  Arlington  ? 
Business  with  us  at  this  new  address.  ' 

The  orders  which  we  have  on  hand  will  he 
given  our  immediate  and  heist  attention  and  shipment  will 
he  made  the  first  part  of  ^his  week. 

180/0  lacquer  when  used  as  a  Thinner  will 
enable  you  to  bring  the— crbst  or~enarael  down  to  an  inter-, 
esting  figure.  Inquire  about  this  lao^uecat  our  new 

u  tlV 

inter->  &  SY 
new  it — l  . 

v  h  t 


V  V 

laboratory  of  Thomas  A.Edii 
Orange,  Hew 


•XXM'-fo,  (  ^l  A  ' 

TSfc*.  & 

VCTJl  «** 

1  *,^~C  '&/%■ 

Jersey  t 

Attention  of  Ur.  ‘aleadowcroi’  t.  Cc-  <Sjk*»*'-«p*  vwt»v 

We  take  pleasure  in  confirming  herewith  our  telephone  (L.0  tic.*,./ 
D>t^- V'"*  ‘6t 

message  to  Hr.  Headowcroft  to  the  effect  that  the  Board  of  Three 

U-f  *’T/l"<r  f't  ... 

General  Appraisers  has,  under  date  of  the  3d  instant,  sustained 
the  correctness  of  your  entered  value  of  benzol  shipped  through  ^ 

Rouses  Point  and  covered  by  entry  Ho.A-773.  thus  overruling  the 
appeal  to  re-reappraisement  of  the  Collector,  releasing  the  car 
from  seizure  and  also  relieving  you  of  the  total  amount  of  pen¬ 
alties  and  additional  duties  incurred.  This  shipment  covers 
car  Ho. 520  via  Grand  Trunk  Railvfe.y  entered  at  KousesPoint  on 
August  16,  1915« 

As  explained  to  your  Ur.  Meadowcroft,  the  grounds  upon 
which  we  secured  this  favorable  decision  were  applicable  only  to 
this  particular  shipment,  and  have  no  bearing  upon  later  entries 
in  which  additions  were  made  on  entry.  It  developed  at  the  hear¬ 
ing  through  reports  of  the  U.S. Consul  and  the  U.S. Special  Agent 
that  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co.  had  been  selling  benzol  in 
Canada  nt  sixty  cento  per  gallon  on  dates  subsequent  to  August 
16,  1915,  and  such  sales  prove  the  existence  of  a  market  in  Canada 
at  sixty  cents  per  gallon.  Whenever  a  foreign  market  exists,  the 
law  prescribes  that  duty  must  be  assessed  upon  the  usual  wholesale 
prioe  in  such  foreign  market,  and  it  consequently  follows  that  your 
subsequent  shipments,  made  during  the  existence  of  the  said  Canadian 

*2-  laboratory;  of  -Thomas  A. Edison 


market,  must  pay  duty  on  the  basis  of  sixty  cents. 

As  all  subsequent  shipments  were  duly  protected  on  entry 
by  Messrs.  F.W. Myers  &  Co.,  who  made  edditions  on  entry  to  make 
the  price  equal  59-1/2/.  there  will  be  no  penalties  assessable 
upon  these  shipments,  but  the  duty  of  upon  the  difference  be- 
iv-een  59-1/2/  and  25/  per  gallon  (less  freight,  charges,  etc.) 
cannot  be  recovered. 

In  fact  we  advise  you  against  taking  any  steps  toward 
recovery,  as  we  do  not  believe  that  you  can  be  successful,  because 
the  peculiar  facts  relating  to  the  seized  shipment  were  applicable 
only  to  that  shipment  and  have  no  bearing  upon  subsequent  entries. 
v/e  deCm  ourselves  particularly  fortunate  in  having  been  successful 
in  your  behalf  on  the  reeppraieement  case  involving  the  seized  c..r 
and  believe  that  it  ie'&4e$&>  f°r  y°u  t0  inour  the  eXpen£'6  of 
any  further  litigation. 

In  relation  to; your  ..future  shipments  we  advise  you  to  con¬ 
tinue  entering  at  59-1/2/  per  gallon  until  such  time  as  you  are  ad¬ 
vised  by  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co.  that  they  are  selling  in 
Canada  at  less  than  sixty  cents  a  gallon.  When  such  time  arrives 
you  would  be  justified  in  reducing  your  entered  value  to  conform  to 
the  price  et  whioh  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co.  ere  then  selling 
in  Canada. 

„u.t  Oat  »o  hare  ««a=  thi.  *»«"  °le“’ 

.halt  a.  git  to  ha.0  you  inquire  further  If  i.  ouy  point 
upon  whioh  you  require  further  enlightenment.. 

If  you  intend  to  accept  the  advice  above  given,  kindly 
write  to  us  so  advising  us,  and  authorizing  us  to  abandon  any 

-3-  Laboratory  of  Thomas  j&.Bdison 


appeals  taken  upon  subsequent  shipments. 

Messrs.  i’.W.Jiyers  &  Co.  have  arranged  to  secure  the  formal 
release  from  seizure  and  will  in  due  course  refund  to  you  any  de¬ 
posit  *hioh  they  have  been  required  to  make  in  relation  to  this 

We  are  more  than  pleased  to  have  been  of  effective  service 
to  you.  and  enclose  herewith  our  bill  for  services  rendered. 

Very  truly,  yours,  , 


P.S.  Referring  to  third  paragraph  on  the  second  page  of  this  letter, 
we  beg  to  point  out  to  you  that  this  advice  is  applicable  only  in 
ease  the  price  at  which  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co.  are  selling  in 
Canada  does  not  rise  abpvi-  sixty  cents.  In  oase  the  price  advances 
beyond  sixty  cents,  you  should  enter  upon  the  basis  of  such  advanced 
^  06  ’ 


i  d-  {'-  <  !  ^  ^ 

1  •**  t-*nuary  4 


To  *' 

.CC  C<  ■ 
>euks  o^U— 

,,.c.r  s  January  4th „  l'916 
^  1 

I  lo-o  <-'T’ 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:  -  o-i*  I  ,  .  y 

When  you  first  mentioned  toluol,  you  spoke  of  W 
as  available  from  1st  March;  your  last  letteryspe 
1st  May.  Tie  would  much  prefer  the^ earlier  delivery,  but  h. 
ready  to  consider  toluol  from  May  on.  I  think,  however, 
must  name  a  price;  I  do  not  know  what  a  contract  of  that 
would  command.  Can  you  not  -rive  me  an  idea? 

With  best  wishes  for  the  Hew  Year, 

Yours  very  truly. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  H.  J. 

-January  bth.  1916. 

Jr.  'dammorfcoff : 

I  euclosedhercwith  a  letter  from  Mitsui  I:  Co., 
dated  December  olst.  You  will  see  that  they  ask  a  number 
of  questions  to  which  Ur.  Edison  has  partially  replied  by 
pencil  memorandum.  I  notice  he  has  not  replied  to  the  latter 
half  of  question  f£. 

In  regard  to  the  data  askod  for  under  question 
„4,  you  till  see  that  ho  thinks  that  this  data  has  already 
been  supplied  in  your  previous  memorandum  but  if  it  fias  not 
will  you  kindly  send  mo  the  informatioried  called  for  by  this 
question  ;,4. 

1  note  that  theseu Japanese  have  done  an  injustice 
to  youin  the  way  of  spelling  your-  name,  but  I  guess  we  shall 
have  to  overlook  that. 

V..  H.  UEADJV.ChOFT .  • 

Enclosure  6320. 

jiiaoricaa  Oil  -  Supply  Co., 
L2  Lafayette  Street, 
i!ev;ar:r,  ii.  J. 

Gent  le  sen : 

.Enclosed  herewith  I  bop  to  tend  you  original  bill 
of  lad lap  e overlap  shipment  of  374  barrels  naphthaline  shipped 
to  you  from  '..codv.ard,  -la.,  on  the  £7th  ultimo  in  ear  it.  1. 
S-Vi44038,  the  gross  v.eirht  being  £7338  pounds  and  the  net  weight 
48362  pounds. 

For  your  information  let  r.o  say  that  this  liaphthaline  be  billed  to  you  not  by  us,  but  by  Mitsui  &  Company,  ltd. 
You  are  probably  &v.uro  that  they  are  interested  with  us  in  the 
..oodward  Plant,  and  thsj  do  the  billing. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  JSdisoi 

.r.  -x .  11.  Mac Lay, 

13J  .carl  street, 

View  York  City. 

Lear  sir : 

Your  favor  of  the  >.7 th  ultimo  to  our  Silver  Lake  Plant 
has  been  forwarded  to  thie  offieo.  Correspondence  on  thie  sub¬ 
ject  should  bo  addressed  here  to  the  Laboratory. 

Y.o  would  say  for  your  information  that  v.e  make  Iron 
By-Hydrogen  for  use  in  oar  own  storage  battery,  and  as  v.e  have 
a  little  surplus  capacity  v.e  offer  some  of  it  forsalo  outside. 

V.e  had  no  idea,  however,  that  there  was  any  regular  demand  for 
it  from  outside  sources. 

If  you  will  advise  us  how  much  you  would  want  to  ob¬ 
tain  each  month  for  the  remainder  of  tho  present  year,  .Mr.  Edison 
will  co. ;S ider  an  increase  in  his  manufacturing  capacity  to  take 
care  of  a  roasonaele  quantity.  Until  further  notico  tho  price 
will  be  ae  already  quoted  to  you,  but  containers  will  bo  chu.ped 
for  extra. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  Laboratory. 

f  Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  (III  /  YX- 
Orange,  Hew  Jersey.  \\j^'  V 

Eeplying  to  yours  of  the  5th  inst.,  v/e  not 
what  you.  say.  Probably  two  to  three  thousand  pounds 
«monthly  would  answer  all  requirements. 

Yours  very  truly. 

'''$1 f 

c££  ^-7 

qAm  (u*  U| 

•  ^ 

1  lift  cLcd  ft  ct  att-trfe. 

,  .i  fl 

20  ««.£-•  iV1*  Mfj'* 

*t  -  7r*  ;  A  .  yneteke*,  20  t/*  W*  v\ 

lets  (z  tttciiL  at  dattex.  /«■» '.xc-l ./Syttit  8)  OyV^  (Y\\f'lU 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Co. 

Oils,  Greases,  Acids,  Chemicals 

52-54-56  Lafayctee  Street 

Newark,  N.J. 

January  Gth,  IS 16 

Thomas  A.Edison, 

Orange,  K.J. 

Gentlemen:-  Attention  Hr.  XH.Headowcrof  t. 

Agreeable  to  your  telephone  request,  we  beg  to 
state  that  our  existing  contracts  with  you  on  Carbolic  Acid 
are  those  dated,  June  19th,  1915  for  4000  lbs.  per  day  from 

January  1st,  1916  to  Hay  1st,  1916  at  6 SC  per  lb.  and  those 

dated  December  24th,  1915,  one  for  1000  lbs.  per  day  for 

February,  March  and  April  1916  at  85jr  per  lb.  and  another 


for  1500  lbs.  per  day  from  April  1st,  to  December  31st,  1916 
at  72. 6jf  per  lb.  although  on  the  latter  one  Hr.  Hoffmann  has 
since  increased  this  by  400  lbs.  per  day,  making  1900  lbs. 
in  all,  but  you  have  not  placed  this  form  before  us  for  sig¬ 
nature  although  we  understand  it  is  made  and  finding. 

we  trust  this  information  is  what  you  require. 

Yours  very  truly, 

^^^^M^^l^^ipply  Go. 



Very  truly .youre, 


^  / 


7th.  1916. 


v.'onde/inp  whethe^/rfe  should 
it  bill  Dominion  iton  &  Steel  Company  with 
Le  extra  cfuty  that  v.e  have  to  pay  c 
.s  under  the  contract  they  are  to  deliver  the 
ieoI  into  /the  United  jjjtates  duty  free .  There 
one  eji^ption^'however ,  to  this,  contained 
in  Hr.  Jl'umme^s  letter  of  February  18th  (copy 
attach^ )/ 

You  will  see  from  the  first  paragraph 
of  this  letter  that  you  are  to  pay  any  addition¬ 
al  duty  over  bcp.  Inasmuch  as  the  contract  price 
is  Zi>4  and  the  duty  bjt,  I  scarcely  think  that 
we  can  call  upon  the  Dominion  people  to  pay  the 
duty  on  the  advanced  price  of  69  l/Z<f,  which  we 

pay  duty  on  by  our  Govern- 

have  been  compelled  ' 





Jen.  7  th.  191C 

Ur.  V..  .  Mallory,  President, 

She  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co., 
Etev.artsvillo,  ii.  J. 

Dear  Ur.  Mallory: 

Your  favor  of  the  third 
instant  in  regard  to  Mr.  Opdyko  was  ro- 
ceived,  and  we  have  arranged  matters  so 
that  hr.  Opdyke  can  get  through  at  the 
Plant  on  the  lbth  instant. 

I  do  not  know  when  I  have 
parted  with  a  business  associate  so  re¬ 
luctantly  as  in  this  case.  Ur.  Opdyke 
is  a  poach  to  work  and  ditto  to  work  with. 

Yours  very  truly. 





:  2iiouw3  edisoi:  ire  rJJ 

Gentlemen : - 

mt  ’been  supplying  you  c 

i.  bbls.  cleli 


You  no  doubt,  ore  thoroughly  aware  of  the  fact 
that  tae  European  War  lues  had  a  serious  effect  upon  t..e 
ray,  materiel  L  rlret ,  and  that  many  comoditieo  entering 
in  to  the  manufacture  oi  saint  have  advanced  in  cost.  -le 
therefore,  find  our  cost  of  producing  material  increased, 
and  in  view  of" the  circumstances,  it  is  necessary  lor  u3 
to  advance  our  selling  price  on  this  to  30 f!  per  gal.  •" 
carrels,  which  uric e  is  effective  iuaediately. 
very  much  that  tnis  is  necessary,  but  we  have  given  you  v 
benefit  of  our  contract  for  just  as  long  as  it  nos  ceen 
■oossible  for  us  to  do  so,  and  we  trust  that  you  appreciate 
our  position  in  the  matter. 

Trusting  that  we  may  continue  to  have  the  pleas 
of  supplying  this  material  to  you,  and  assuring  *M'-' 
the  price  will  be  revised  as  soon 

Yours  vei-y  truly, 




.<L <JL 



January  10th.  1916. 

In  repurd  to  Ilapnthalino, 
eurloud  at  ..oodv.ard . 

are  you  far  enouph  alonp 
any  whether  you  will  went  to  have  r 
or  ehall  I  po  ahead  and  iiell  it  to 
pet  a  pood  price* 


y.e  have  pretty  near  a 

.in  your  experiments  to 
•oeorved  for  disc  record .  Hoffman,  if  v.e  can 

.  nerai>  Ch  em  ical  Com  paw v 

Mr .  W  .H  .Meadoweroft , 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc, 

Dear  Sir:  - 

January  10  th,  1916... 


V/e  hand  you  herewith  contract  covering  your 
Hydroouinone  requirements  over  the  latter  part  of  this 
year.  If  this  contract  is  drawn  in  accordance  with 
your  views,  kindly  sign  hoth  copies  and  return  to  this 
office,  whereupon  we  will  affix  our  signature  and  send 
you  one  copy  for  your  file. 

Yours  very  truly. 


*  •  K.  hlcCCcr  Ac/,  ,;/*•* A 

/WtffTt-t.  McJ  In  ciclcLo/t'c  n  tuct/ccno 

/O  oo  Cc-CCj  c*-  .  decy  £<■'•  '£/<rra-/jZ.  V“’ 

(fict-HctCy  ;  7fc_  C d^u.Ci  IfOCO 

^Lt-ttt/cd  cd  J-e-C 

/oT  Cr-ufuccLc.  C-CcU-An  ILO-Kf  .  . 

'S/ictCC  3  tuc/floY  ct><-  cc.CC 

Ciuo-lcdicvui  fH'7  ^i-i  •  <rt  /ic  uccj  inec.D  ed 



-A  A- 

c-(  /fceiii  &ci  u-e  3aeo  ^ 

/  4£ 




tjoco  4?  /  *v  CD  feu-/  /ir 

\,Cd/  If-  it/,  l/ictet  CDtt-i 

^  ^  .  C/WO  hlCA.dC,  CD  . 

<<-ty  fljlio  ttltl(ct-  n  ......... 

/oco  <E 

u7  r 

r  / 

o/ih/lttlt)  tPcitx  (Jctl/cn 

5  -«<L  J  0 


5  Vcc  j\et\{  J  'fi.ctts-c  i  a-ified) 

.3  jic^c^Ur-C . _4i. J<u/. . . j‘.rk ...  . 

(ZtjAejc.  cv-lf£. _ .d/ie.^ . yde*3./L — Au.iuuLCiX-'iu-. 

. &rfietdL£i. _ . - . - 


ciA.^ .  Ci£Q 

_  Oh-  /7^.</  _ 

txfr~dc _ tdda-V''-  <*-4 

.‘doe,... _ .. 

f}  bLctfr**: v~e?d~lfid' 

__c?vrL  y . 


'  fef'  M**«a0®* 

Uiyu  iM.tdV'i'  A^f  fVM=j.  - - 

*><«,*.  ^  i?v  ft 

m.  £  SJCS^F  ®*xkt  ’ 

Please  read  the  letter,,of .Jiowetrsi-^  ([r^sf 


YVeightman-Kosengarten  Company  dated  January  Ecind, 

flafc/N  -— “ 

which  refers  to  the\|letter  I  wrote  to  them  0" 

per  month,  and  in  accordance  »x».. 

1  was  trying  to  divide  it  up  between  th 

Jmuarj  20th,  v.hioh  ta^M^nsrt  P»P« 

O-cxf-w  -dance  with  Jou^  directions  \| 
tnesc  people, 
Binney  &  Cmith,  and  Lterck.  V 

You  will  see  Power  s-Y'.'e  ightman-Eosengar  ten 
Company  suggests  that  we  give  them  the  opportunity 
of  handling  the  total  production,  .-.a  I  under¬ 
stand  it,  you  did  not  want  to  do. this,  but  I 
thought  you  would  like  to  see  their  letter  as  a 
matter  of  interest. 

Jan.  11th.  1916. 

a.  Hoenigsberger , 

Ik  £o.  iiarket  ftrcet, 

Chicago,  Ill. 


iveplying  to  jour  favor  of  tiio  sixth  instant  in  regard 
to  the  price  of  Paraphenyloned  iamine,  v.e  beg  to  say  that  on  account 
of  the  rapid  rise  in  the  price  of  acetic,  and  its  scarcity,  we 
cannot  undertake  to  sell  Parapiienylened iamine  at  less  than  v4.00 
per  pound,  spot  cash,  be  have  a  number  of  customers  who  have 
boen  paying  us  more  than  this. 

For  sometime  past  wo  havo  boen  aware  of  the  fact  that 
other  concerns  are  offering  Paraphonyloned iamine  at  as  low  as  .;-2.50 
per  pottnd,  but  we  have  our  doubts  as  to  their  ability  to  make 
delivery,  because  of  the  scarcity  and  high  price  of  acetic,  which 
these  concerns  probably  supposed  they  could  get  when  they  quoted 
such  a  low  price. 

2o  far  as  the  quantity  you  mention  is  concerned,  we 
could  delivery  two  or  three  hundred  pounds  by  the  1st  of  February, 
lours  very  truly, 

Edison  Laboratory. 

January  11th.  1916 

Confirming  our  telephone  conversation  in  report  to  idullsly's  commies iona,  let  me  state  as  follows.  clr.  l.'.uilaly 
brought  us  three  customers,  namely,  ctldrich  Bleuchery,  American 
Printing  Company,  and  a.  Hollander  &  Sons.  Ho  is  entitled  to  com 
missions  as  follows: 

1.  i.aldrieh  B.oaehery.  He  is  entitled  to 
c  ommission  021  the  entire  contract  as  v.e 
make  shipments. 

S.  American  Printinp  Company.  Ur.  Hullaly 
is  entitled  to  commission  on  all  aniline 
Oil  shipped  under  the  old  contract,  he 
did  not  complete  the  old  coiitract  this  year, 
so  he  is  entitled  to  the  ealance  v.hich  wo 
car;  ied  over  '.o  snip  this  year.  He  is  not 
entitled,  however,  to  tiny  commission  what¬ 
ever  upon  tne  new  contract  of  £,000  pounds 
a  week*  '.0  he  shipped,  during  the  present  yoar. 

5.  a.  Hollander  &  Sons.  iir.  lAullaly  is  en¬ 
titled  to  commission  on  whatever  ..nil i lie 
E&lt  you  shipped  to  Hollander  up  to  December 
klst,  but  is  not  entitled  to  commission  on 
aniline  Aniline  Bait  shipped  to  Hollander 
this  year. 

ile  is  also  entitled  to  commission  on  the 
first  fcOO  pounds  of  Paraphonylenediamino 
shippoa  to  Hollander,  hut  is  not  entitled 
to  any  commission  on  any  other  Paraphony- 
lonediamine  beyond  tiio  first  fcOO  pounds. 

,  />'"v 

•  \  r 

■  '  ' 

January  11th.  1916. 

i,Ir .  Kammcrhof f : 

I  enclose  herewith  copy  of  a  lotter  from  Lieut. 
Kimberly,  the  Laval  Inspector  of  Powder ,  East  Coast. 

You  will  notice  that  ho  has  received  instructions 
that  inspection  and  test  of  Carbolic  Acid  manufactured  by  us  for 
the  Lavy  Department  shall  be  made  and  carried  out  at  put  plant 
at  Silver  ^ake . 

^  V  aB  I  did  not  understand  whether  or  not  this  re¬ 
ferred  to  thiNpresent  natch  that  we  have  for  shipment,  I  called 
up  Lieut .'i^imberly  on  the  telephone,  and  aftor  I  was  through 
talking  with\im  dictated  u  memorandum  so  that  I  would  not  have 
to  depend  upon  my  memory.  For  your  information  I  am  enclosing 
copy  of  memorandum  herewith.  You  may  keep  all  these  papers. 

I  want  to  call  your  special  attention  to  paragraph 
2  of  Lieut.  Kimberly’s  letter,  which  concerns  the  arrangements 
that  you  and  he  made  together.  Y.iU  you  kindly  give  your  atten¬ 
tion  to  this. 



January  11th.  1916. 

In  reference  to  the  attached  letter  of  January  8th  from 
Lieut.  Kimberly  in  regard  to  inspection  of  Carbolic  Acid  on 
contract  #£3233,  I  called  up  Lieut.  Kimberly  this  noon  on  the 
telephone  and  asked  him  whether  tne  instructions  referred  to 
in  said  letter  of  January  8th  would  apply  to  the  batch  of  Car¬ 
bolic  which  he  saw  at  Silver  Lake  a  few  days  ago,  and  of  which 
samples  were  sent  by  his  directions  to  Indian  Head  for  Labora¬ 
tory  Test.  Lieut.  Kimberly  said  that  these  new  instructions 
in  the  letter  of  January  8th  would,, apply  to  that  batch,  but 
would  apply  to  future  shipments,  and  as  to  these  future  ship¬ 
ments,  he  would  make  the  inspection  tests  in  our  Laboratory  at 
Silver  Lake,  instead  of  sending  samples  to  Indian  Head. 

I  asked  Lieut.  Kimberly  whether  the  present  delay  in  mak¬ 
ing  shipment  would  cause  us  to  be  penalized  by  the  Government. 
He  said  it  would  not,  as  the  Government  reckons  the  time  from 
the  date  that  samples  are  taken  for  inspection.  For  instance, 
if  certain  goods  under  contract  were  offered  for  inspection  a 
day  before  the  expiration  of  the  contract,  and  samples  were 
taken  on  that  day  and  send,  for  instance,  to  Indian  Head  for 
test,  the  date  of  shipment  would  be  held  by  the  Government  to 
be  on  that  day,  even  if  the  results  of  the  test  at  Indian  Head 
should  not  be  certified  for  two  or  three  weeks  thereafter. 




Post  Office  Building, 
Jersey  City ,N.  J. , 

JAN  “8  1516 

Subjeot:  Oont.  #23233,  carbolic  acid,  inspection  of. 

Reference:  (a)  Your  letter  to  Chief  of  Bureau  of  Ordnance,  dated 

Dec.  17,  1915. 


1.  1'he  Inspector  of  Powder  for  the  East  Coast  today  re¬ 
ceived  instructions  that  the  inspection  and  test  of  the  carbolic  acid 
being  manufactured  by  your  Company,  for  the  Navy  Department,  should 
be  made  and  carried  out  at  your  Works  at  Silver  Lake,  N.J.,  as  per 
paragraph  4,  Reference  (a). 

2.  On  my  last  inspection  I  made  complete  and  detailed 
arrangements  with  your  Mr*  Kanmerhoff  for  obtaining  samples  which 
were  to  be  sent  to  Indian  Head  for  test  and  analysis.  Most  of  those 
arrangements  are  of  course  now  useless,  and  I  request  that  you  in¬ 
form  Mr.  Kummerhoff  of  this  change,  and  saying,  if  agreeable  to  you, 
that  I  suggest  that  of  all  the  arrangements  we  made  together,  he 
oontinue  merely  that  of  keeping  a  record  of  the  batch  or  charge  num¬ 
bers  and  the  drums  in  which  they  are  packed  for  shipment,  as  this 
will  facilitate  my  selecting  samples  for  test  $nd  analysis. 

3.  It  is  needless  to  say  that  inspections  will  be  fa¬ 
cilitated  if  I  am  informed  several  days  in  advanoe  of  the  time  when 
the  material  will  be  ready  for  inspection. 


Lieut. Comdr.  U.S.Havy, 
Haval  Inspector  of  Powder,  E.C. 

M.R.  Hutchison,  E.C. ,  Ph. ,D. 

Chief  Engineer  to  and 

Personal  Representative  of 
Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

Attention  of  Mr.  Meadowcrof t . 

Orange,  II.  J. 
Gentlemen: - 

We  have  yonrs  of  the  10th  inst.  in  regard  to 
Cohalt  Nickel  Speiaa  and  note  what  you  say.  We  trust 
you  may  he  able  to  U3e  the  material  in  some  manner. 

,  iron  BY- HYDROGEN:  We  notice  something  in 

suu.3  paper  regarding  fire  at  Silver  lake.  Please  advise 
if  this  will  restrict  the  output  of  the  Iron  By-Hydrogen 
we  will, know  how  to  act  on  this,  and  greatly  oblige, 

Yours  very  truly, 


.^JLs  Jr  ■icrc-^ 



Woodward  Iron  Company 

Woodward,  ^yliAtoama. 

$  January  12 ,  ISlk.  A  .  4 

*■  “■  ~  sa‘'“’  „*•«&»  k«^  ,/&*«<<--**;  •***’ 

— •  - *•  oLt,.-  rt  ft 

Dear  air ^  W^t  <L</vJ  *4  ^  ' 

1  teTO TOlteMe sagUTiSS **• 

recovoring  at  its  plant  at  vairnol^  o^ol^ 

month  of  December  those  pe^^^arbSnisea  4,700  tons  of  coal  per 

**  -  •M'«a  •“ 30  fi  zuivi,^ 

month,  Shey  are  averaging  0((uTW^H^ 

running  50;-'.  X  got  tills  info jmat ion *f ran  a  confidential  svaraej 

and  w ill  ash  yon  not  to  »  ^“X’  ttU&fi*  ^ 

It  has  occurred  ti  ^^igp^reco^  « Jr  u. 

«.iu.i  ».  *.  — 1  -  tfcsa  “K«-f 

As  you  are  aware,  wo  -re  getting  onlaj&out^.  It  **»  t^me^  /*>/ 

As  yon  are  aware,  wo  ,-re  =ot^«flJfc fa  ^  ^ 

that  the  amount  of  mono y  iirrolvod  would  justify  ^ving  soine  oom" 

itv*  o-unt'iva—  „ 

mediately  with  a  view  *"’ 

V/ith  kindest  rogards,  1  am, 

>  if 

s  truly,/ 

"OOTaJPTSM*  3  OllVlTY , 

?<^/u>'/naiJ  ^  (gdiAcr/y,  7'^ 

Jan.  13th.  1916. 

Mitsui  &  Company,  ltd., 
25  Madison  Avenue, 

Hew  York  City. 

Attention  of  Mr.  Shunzo  gakaki. 

Gentlemen : 

Referring  to  your  favor  of  the  31st  ultimo  asking 
for  certain  figures  and  facts  in  regard  to  manufacturing 
Phenol,  I  enclose  herewith  a  memorandum  written  hy  Mr.  Kammer- 
hoff  which  answers  all' the  questions.  As  you  will  see,  Mr. 
Edison  himself  answered  some  of  them. 

■,Ve  have  all  been  so  busy  here  today  that  there  is 
no  time  to  make  a  copy  of  it,  so  will  you  please  have  a  copy 
made  and  return  this  original  to  me. 

Mr.  Edison  wisheB.  you  to  regard  all  this  information 
as  very  confidential. 

Yuurs  ,-very  truly. 



Tills  question  is  not  qul*o  clear  to  u 
ment  of  December  24th , '1915 ,  where  we 
2,  Sulphuric  Acid,  that  ono  pound  of 
2.5  pounds  of  98^  Sulphuric  Acid,  or 

This  means  that  the  Sulphonating  process  can  be  carried  out 
with  a  somewhat  smaller  amount  of  Fuming  Acid  than  with  the 
normal  98/1  Sulphuric  Acid.  The  Sulphonating  process,  however, 
once  finished,  we  have  to  deal  in  both  oases  with  Benzol 
Sulphonio  Acid  -  C6  H5  S03  H  -  the  following  operations  being  the 
same,  no  matter  whether  we  got  Benzol  Sulphonio  Aold  by  mixing 
Benzol  with  Fuming  Acid  or  with  98,1  Sulphuric  Acid,  the  yield  of 
Pure  Phenol  will  bo  the  same.  / 

Question  3.  V/e  understand  from  Hr.  Kamraerhoff  •  8  statement  that  you  U3S  G6° 
Beaume  Sulphuric  Acid  diluted  to  1380  specific  gravity  for 
neutralization.  In  Japan  wo  can  buy  Chamber  Acid  namely:  50° 
Beaurao  Sulphuric  Acid  very  cheap.  Do  you  think  we  can  U30 
50°  Beaurao  Sulphuric  Acid  instead  of  66°  Sulphuric  Acid,  diluted 
to  1300  specific  gravity? 


Answer . 

Question  4. 


From  Hr.  Kdi3on:  "You  can  uao  Chamber  Acid  just  a3  wall  — 
the  reason  v/e  don't,  is  beoauee  v/e  can't  get  it". 

In  your  plant  which  makes  7000  pounds  of  Phenol  what  quantity 
of  tho  following  items  do  you  use? 

(a)  Quantity  of  Coal. 

V/e  consume  about  six  pounds  of  coal  per  one  pound  of  Phenol. 

Question  (b)  Quantity  of  Steam. 

Answer  V/o  figure  that  ono  pound  of  coal  burned  in  our  boilers  creates 

eight  pounds  of  3toam,  which  would  mean  that  v/o  use  48  pounds 
of  3toam  per  one  pound  of  w.  Phenol  produced. 

Question  (c)  Humber  of  Working  Hen  and  Laborers. 

Answer  Aside  of  a  few  foremen  we  employ  simple  laborers,  the  more 

intelligent  ones  of  whom  wo  teach  to  perform  the  different 
operations,  the  rest  of  the  laborers  acting  as  helpers. 

For  an  output  of  7000  pounds  of  ?.  Phenol  in  24  hours  wo  have 
a  foroo  of  5G  men  at  day  time  and  55  men  at  night  time.  T!ii3 
includes  throe  men  at  day  and  three  mon  at  night  for  the 
boiler  plant,  which  is  supplying  steam  for  plants  other  than 
our  Carbolic  Acid  plant  too;  it  also  includes  ono  man  at  day 
timo  and  one  man  at  night  time  for  our  power  house,  where  we 
have  a  motor  generator  set  and  air  compressors  naming. 

question  (d)  Quantity  of  current. 

Answer  V/o  consume  about  0.4  JI.  V.’.  Hours  per  ono  pound  of  P.  phenol. 

Question  (o)  Quantity  of  water. 

Answer  V/e  consume  about  5.5  cubic  feet  of  water  per  ono  pound  of 

Question  (f)  /mount  of  repairing  expenses. 

Answer  V/e  figure  a3  an  average  1.75{f  for  repairs  -per  one  pound  of 

P.  Phono 1. 

Question  (g)  Gonoral  overhead  charges. 

Answer  Bio  expenses  are  about  5. Iff  per  ono  pound  of  P.  Phenol,  these 

costs  comprising  rent,  depreciation,  interost,  freight,  supplies 
(miscellaneous  articles)  payroll  for  handling  of  freight,  insur¬ 
ance,  and  trucking.  I 

Ll  *4'  f 

«  +■***  ~~ 



.  1.  Yu  i-oi.t  do  honours  1  Con.-any,  t  cor] 
pj.1  niece  o':  bus i note  ut  ..ilmingtoii,  i.oiuv.urc 
O  at  t:.e  nr  lco  Olid  ar.011  the  teriac  x-oroia  prov 
...  -idle: on  of  beet  ..X taco,  .  cv.  dorse, 
arroec  to  cell  to  the  said  ...  1. 
tire  roduction  of  loluol  from  said  idu 
ov.ii,  .  emu  ylvaniu  (v.i 
!  fro  i  ay  Ut,  1910  t. 

1.  Du.  font  de  homo  ire 
‘tori'.  Bcni.ol  ; 
io  tod  bclot. . ,  c 
11  ..  .til,  191V,  iiR  liK  ive , 

root  toi 


.o  oe  of  MLin,  knov.n  sl  r.  •  ~olaol, 
il  ■>  tii  the  iollov.inr  t ;  ocif  ieations : 
to*  1)0  a  clear  v.ctor-v.hito  liquid,  free  i 
roiulcd  colid  nltor.  specific  Gravity: 

Gravity  it  to  be  not  icv.c.lntin  .do  a.v. 

'.37J  ut  lt.D  degrees  Contirraoo.  ”  ' 

correspond  uf  in o^irautol#  uo  11->  d( 
corrected,  sulphur ic  ..cid  -ost_: 
shaken  v. i  tii  ten  C.  s.  of  90/j  tuipnuric  . 
minutes  sheuia  inrurt  oiu;;  u  tl: 
bcifi  layer.  i. is tiilut ion  tost:  fj''  ^ *  <-  •  t 
iii  a  f rue tionotinp  fluisk  for  £.••■  c.  C.  enpue 
thermometer  diviood  in  tent..:  o:  u  dcgico 
It  co  udiuctod  that  the  top  of  tho  bulb  it  c 
.  itii  the  tide  tube,  ueat  it  up piled  over  u  . 
i.rou  of  the  centre  of  tho  bottom  and  tno  c.i 
tion  conducted  in  such  a  way  that  tnc  ult  11. 
out  tec  ver  as  nuickly  at  possible  in  eir.tu 
but  nvt  in  continuant;  stream;  tho  tempore' 
road  v.hon  i,  U.  C.  and  again  .  hon  9fc  d.  r;  « 
lectod  in  tho  rceoivixxg  cyrinder.  -c  i’Uj 
between  the  tv.o  road  i  nn  ‘.u.  t  not  bo  r reato. 
ci. 8  degrees  Contigrado. 

fo  co  the  entire  output  or  ..  I 
iid  icon’s  3ontol  riant  at  Jenna' 1 
cent  a  ouantity  ooual  to  twenty  <201  gu.lont  ta; 
vhich  said  Edison  has  heretofore  agreed  to  cu^ly 
iiitsui  .  Coorany,  limited,  daring  tno  gorioc  from 
iiay  it* t,  191C  to  December  nlet,  1910. 

ior  t.:o  purpose  of  ect imaging 
of  c .  2 .  foluol  ordored  and  t 
coii tract,  said  hdiaon  hereby 
production  of  i 
averaged  about 

■  r o*l mu  to  quantity 
....lict  under  this 
tout  hie  cverupo 
'ioluol  for  several  months  past  nus 
.imdrcd  forty  (Ida )  gallon:  j or  esy. 

.  uoroforo,  the  *.ot  jiiuCilta  orooioi-  ‘  c  l0.  ^  * ,ce 
undor  this  contract  (after  ;  co^V. 

.f  :,0 t”ou^  ( 1& 
“0<I '  ’  0r‘  cuv ;  »io  or  •  oso  .  from  liny  e t  to  Joco: 
••in^T  9i  c  ■  ■.Ci  oil c-  hundred  forty  ( 1 1  fT,‘--‘l?li~  i  <-r 
noio’oi  lose,  from  January  mt.  1017  to  --f-r.x  .n  . 

o  be  li-reo  dollars  and  seventy-five  «?nte  <>&.«» )J 


frolrht  oro-.bia,  vithin  ur-y  (6J)  a —  110:3  ^ 

jririm-l  civ‘r,::iont. 

’  o  be  delivered  ad  aeeorted  in  carload  lot-  -i-  -o^ 
7°  ctie-  bio  after  nroductlun.  eomoneinr  -ay  1st 
191gMS cud in-  -nrii  o.tu,  1017.  anlecn  otnerarno 

-nirty  (o.i  days,  «r  Iobe  ai^in^en  (l-.i  dtys^on 
CinlSnl:oo“t.^PS'oi“i^ Loq£v::?ent  in  Jnitod  ttotoi 

U  in  mutually ^afreed  of  failure011 

SwfS  product  or  any  P»J  t^roof 
^raLld;nt!Uor1nr^ablo’cauoe;-or  due  to  in¬ 
ability  -o  obtain  material* 

January  14th.  1916. 

Mr.  Edison: 

She  American  Oil  &  Supply  Co.,  have  a  contract  with  us 
for  Carbolic  acid,  1500  pounds  a  day,  from  april  1st  to  December 
51st,  at  72.6  oents  per  pound.  Mr.  Hoffman  asked  a  few  days  ago 
if  we  would  add  400  pounds  a  day  to  this  contract,  making  1900 
pounds  a  day  in  all  from  april  1st  to  December  51st  at  72.6  cents, 
I  told  him  I  would  speak  to  you  about  it,  and  X  thought  that  you 
would  consent  to  do  it. 

I  think  it  is  quite  safe  to  make  this  addition.  Shall 
I  cover  by  contract? 



85632  •  16234 


Shipments  to  Jan.  lBt, 


Pure  Benzol.  Eure  Toluol. 

'  129,907 


On  hand  Jan.  lBt.  1916 



Estimated  from  stock. 



Total  166,146 


Purified  Solvent  Naphtha. 




talcing  ao  normal  daily  pi 
month  thirty  days. 


Sulphuric  i-.cid,  90;o 
Soda  Ash 
Caustic  Soda 

Mr.  Thas  .  A.  Edison, 
$  Edison  Labors  tori  e 
WeBt  Orange,  N.J. 

Representative , 


JLZIm.  w  f  u"? 

days  ago^our  special  Lime  -/j 
bad  the  pleasure  of  In 

terviewing  you  in  connection  with  your  prospective  Lime 
requirements  and  requested  us  to  forward  you  a  five  pound  ,  „{ji 
sample  so  that  our  material  might  he  investigated  and  test-*'4'' 
ed  with  a  view  to  ascertaining  whether  or  not  it  would  he 
sui table  for  your  purpose. 

We  are  pleased  to  inform  you  yf 

that  under  date  of  the  11th  inst.  an  average  sample  of  our  / 

light  burned  lime  from  stock  was  forwarded  to  you  by  pie- 
paid  express  and  we  would  greatly  appreciate  your  being  { 

on  the  lookout  for  its  arrival  and  giving  same  investigation  t 

at  your  earliest  convenience.  Y/ould  also  be  pleased  to  f 

have  the  benefit  of  any  information  you  care  to  give  us  v 

as  to  results  obtained  by  you  in  this  investigation  and 

We  are  in  position  to  serve  you 
with  as  much  of  this  mater  lal  for  shipmsnt  in  bulk,  carloads 
as  you  may  require  throughout  the  year  and  will  be  glad  in¬ 
deed  to  submit  you  a  proposition  on  about  90  or  100  tons 
per  month,  which  is  the  amount  our  representative  stated 
would  probably  be  needed  by  you. 


Thanking  you  in  advanoe  for  your 

Jan.  lfcth. 


Ur.  J.  ii.  Plummer,  President, 

Dominion  Iron  &  liteel  Company, 

Toronto,  Ontario,  Canada. 

Dear  iir.  Plummer: 

Your  favor  of  tho  4th  instant  in  regard  to  Toluol  received  in  due  course  of  .nail,  but  1  v.ts  unable  to  answer  it 
by  sending  you  a  quotation  of  price  as  we  iiac  .one  negotiations 
on  hand.  Itvas  uncertain  as  to  whether  these  would  go  through  or 
not,  so  I  have  waited  until  tne  time  had  come  to  decide  the  matter 
one  v;a.  or  another.  The  parties  with  whom  I  havo  boon  negotiat¬ 
ing  have  availed  themselves  of  the  option  and  have  taken  all  the 
■Toluol  I  can  supply  for  a  year  from  iiuy  on. 

I  am  much  gratified  to  note  that  your  Comrany  is 
doing  very  much  better  in  regard  to  the  shipments  of  Benzol,  and 
I  want  to  thank  you  for  your  kind  attention  in  the  matter.  There 
arc  one  or  two  empty  care  on  tho  way  back  to  Sydney,  and  1  hope 
they  will  got  there  on  time.  \.o  havo  been  a  little  crippled  bn 
account  of  the  one  car  that  was  lied  up  at  houses  Point  since  last 
august,  but  that  is  on  tho  way  hero  now,  and  is  expected  here  very 
soon.  i,e  have  storage  tanks  and  will  empty  it  and  send  it  back 
to  Sydney  within  twenty-four  hours  after  its  arrival. 

after  the  serious  trouble  we  had  with  tho  'J.  £.  Cus¬ 
toms  .-.uihoritics ,  I  am  goi  ng  to  take  the  liberty  of  usking  that  you 
will  issuo  instructions  to  your  people  to  be  very  carefuliabout  the 
invoicing  so  that  an  endorsement  is  made  on  tho  consular  invoice 
of  the  market  value  in  Canada.  I  think  perhaps  it  will  be  well  to 
send  you  copy  of  a  letter  I  uuvo  received  today  from  our  Custom 
House  3rokors  at  houses  Point.  You  will  find  it  attached  hereto. 

Strauss  k  Hedges,  the  iiow  York  lawyers  who  fought 
through  the  United  States  Government's  reappraisement  here  for  me, 
and  won  tho  case,  wrote  to  me  stating  they  had  learned  that  your 
Company  sold  Benzol  in  Canada  to  a  company  engaged  in  the  manu¬ 
facture  of  explosives  at  a  contract  price  of  60;/  per  gallon  to 
hold  good  during  the  continuation  of  the  -..or.  If  this  is  so,  this 
of  course  establishesa  market  value  in  Canada  unless  you  should 
sell  Benzol  at  a  higher  price  to  someone  else  in  Canada. 

By  t..o  way,  if  you  are. not  doing  anything  with  your 
naphthaline,  I  shall  be  glad  to  have  a  talk  with  you  about  it  the 

i1.  ..  .  MYJiKS  &  COMPi.UY. 

houses  Point,  Jan.  11th.  1916. 

Mr.  Ihomus  iidicon. 
Orange ,  M .  J . 

V.o  uro  in  rocoint  of  ymr  favor  of  the  10th  inet. 
anc  have  alto  received  a  cony  of  yu.;r  letter  to  .Messrs. 
Strauss  £  hedges  under  date  of  Jan.  7th,  and  their  reply 
under  date  of  Jan.  10th  with  respect  to  future  shipments 
of  Benzol,  and  the  price  per  pal ion  at  which  it  should  be 
invoicod . 

Our  Mr.  J.  k.  Myers  called  at  the  office  of  the 
Dominion  Iron  l.  Steel  Co.  at  Montreal  yesterday,  but  un¬ 
fortunately  Mr.  Meilauphton,  the  General  Sales  ^gent,  was  at 
Ottawa,  hut  Mi .  McCourt  stated  that  from  the  best  of  his 
information,  the  company  had  not  sold  Benzol  for  consump¬ 
tion  in  Canada,  and  he  nas  promised  to  taho  the  matter 
up  with  Mr.  iiuilaughton  upon  his  return,  and  to  advise  me 
definitely  on  this  subject. 

if  there  been  no  sales  of  Benzol  in  Canada, 
no  market  value  nas  boon  osta  .lished,  therefore  in  arriving 
at  a  nrice  at  which  v.e  should  invoice  the  Benzol,  we  should 
take  the  selling  price  in  Mew  York,  after  making  proper  deduc¬ 
tions  in  order  to  pet  the  mill  net  price  at  Sydney* 

i  suggested  to  Mr .  McCourt  that  when  invoicing 
future  shipments  to  you,  that  they  be  particular  to  endorse 
on  the  invoice  the  market  value  in  Canada,  if  such  exists, 
if  not,  the  r.rice  at  which  they  are  selling  Benzol  in  the 
united  States  so  that  we  may  be  in  a  position  to  determine 
the  nroper  invoice  price. 

1  wish  you  would  write  to  tho  roninion  Iron  & 
stool  Co.  at  sydnoy  and  impress  upon  them  the  importance  of 
invoicing  your  shipments  as  above  outlir.od,  so  that  v.e  may 
have  full  information  as  to  market  conditions  and  know  at 
what  price  we  should  enter  the  Benzol,  :.nd  thus  avoid  possible 
chance  of  an  advanco  in  value  by  the  Local  .ippraisor. 

Yours  vory  truly, 

(signed)  John  ...  Myers. 

.du  Pont  de  Nemours  X  Company 


,  ...  J, 

lit'-'  ,  f.  t<fl‘  I  yll.l  r/'i 

"  ')vn‘-  .  A  Jtr***  ■)  ; 

^  ^  '  JL^ 

|fu>  January  15th,  lBl£r  \  ff.  \ 


Pear  Sir: 


t  V*  v 

I  have  just  been  notified  by  our  Mr.  T ,  ^  Ca$  .d-, 
renter,  Jr.,  acting  as  agent  for  the  T.  I.  du  Pont^Wvrs^-  ^ 
Co.,  that  he  has  entered  into  oontraot  with  you  f<^t^  ou|p$^' 
of  your  Toluol  plant  at  Johnstown,  Penna.,  for  the  period  fromk 
{fay  1st,  1516  to  December  31st,  1916,  at  a  minimum  rate  of  30 
drums  per  month  of  IOC  gal.  each  capacity,  it  being  furtl 
understood  that-  should  your  output  exceed  this  quantity 
will  be  delivered  to  us  at  the  same  price  and  terms  as  the 

“  ww  rf  Yy 

tearv  / 

Ity  tW  U  0  ^  f 

will  be  delivered  to  us  at  une  same  “““  ’V  J  \^y  , 
imum  quantity,  le86  a  quantity  of  20  gal.  per  day,  which  1^  de^- J 
„  to  reserve  for  the  filling  cf  ether  contract  Ay  J  Y 

imum  quantity,  =  § 

stand  you  wish  to  reserve  for  the  filling  cf  ether  contracts^  ^ 
The  quality  of  this  material  is  to  be  C.P.  Toluol  and  the  plicy' 
f.3.75  per  gal.  to.*.  Johnstown,  Penna.,  shipment  to  be 
drums  furnished  by  the  seller  and  to  be  charged  for  extract*  \ 
full  credit  allowed  upon  their  return  within  a  reasonable  time 



If  the  foregoing  is  in  accordance  with  your  under 


standing  of  the  transaction,  a  statement  from  you  to  that  eff *9\^ 
will  be  sufficient  to  constitute  a  contract.  \ 

I  would  further  request  that  if  you  have  any  addi¬ 
tional  supplies  of  Toluol,  Benzol  or  Solvent  Haphtha  that  you  draw 

•the  Bame  to  our  attention.  /? 

voure  very 

F<irohasing  /  gent. 



Jan.  17th. 


;,lr.  ..oodward,  Chairman, 

i. oodward  Iron  Company, 

Woodward, . 

Dear  iir.  n oodward : 

1  have  received  your  favor  of  the  i£th  instant 
in  regard  to  the  percentage  of  "oluol  recovered  by  the  'fe^nessse 
Company  at  its  riant  at  Fairfield.  Lot  me  say  in  reply  that 
the  quantity  of  foluol  recovered  depends  largely  upon  the  kind 
of  coal  carbonised,  .vt  our  plant  at  the  Cambria  Steel  V.orks, 
Johnstov.n,  Pa.  we  obtain  16%  of  i’oluol  with  the  same  kind  of 
apparatus  that  we  use  at  ..oodward.  It  is  easier  there  to  get 
the  1’oluol  than  to  get  Benzol. 

i’he  whole  trouble  at  .-.oodward  is  that  the  per¬ 
centage  of  i'oluol  does  not  seem  to  be  in  the  gas,  end  that  may 
be  due  to  oither  the  coal  or  to  the  ovens. 

V.ith  kind  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Silver  Lake,  N.  J.  Jan .  17,  1916. 

The  Edison  Chemical  Works  have,  of  late,  been  calling  on  us 
weekly,  unde:-  what  they  term  a  "blanket  order",  for  various  amounts 
of  caustic  soda,  and  we  delivered  to  them  on  Dec.  51st,  10  drums, 
Jan.  5th,  10  drums,  Jan.  13th,  15  drums,  and  Jan.  17th,  10  drums. 

I  was  e.dvised  by  1'r,  Filler  that  he  contemplated  leaking  a  contract 
for  the  delivery  of  a  car  load  of  caustic  soda  per  month,  and  in¬ 
quired  to  know  if  we  could  supply  them.  This,  I  told  him,  would 
be  impossible,  and  informed  Mr.  Miller  that  he  should  take  the  sub¬ 
ject  up  with  you,  and  X  presume  he  has  done  so. 

I  wish  you  would . instruct  me  as  early  as  possible  Y/h  ether  I 
shall  continue  to  deliver  weekly  amounts  of  caustic  soda  to  the 
Chemical  7/orks  as  has  been  done  heretofore,  and  what  Mr.  Filler's 
requirements  are  likely  to  be. 

/  Yours  very  truly, 

,  '  -//.of  7 
ft  . . r 


71  *•  ** 



1 1:,  IM  . 

WINONA  MINN  JAN  17  1916 

ORANGE  Nd  1 


.'yivvfc 0-.O-M  Hi  U)U 

iwd  -C  &*+****?  ?L 

\«CE  OF'THIS  Yl 

J-utr^dT  <4  Or  to'  "WoT  L. 




/  ■>" 

742PM  n  V  /  -jo*  ^  ^ 

' .  ^  "  H 

-  Vrs- 



E.  I.  Du  Pont  de  hemours  &  Co., 
iiilmington,  Dol. 

attention  of  bir.  J.  H.  Piles,  Purchaglnp . 

Y.ur  file  "it" . 

Door  bir: 

V.e  have  received  your  favor  of  the  11  th  instant  in 
regard  to  the  toluol  from  our  Plant  at  Johns tov.n.  Pa.,  as  to 
which  Er .  Edison  entered  into  contract  with  you  through  your 
..:r .  ...  £-.  Carpenter .  Jr .  a  few  days  ago . 

>.e  '..ore  just  on  the  jioint  0f  sending  down  lo  you  a 
contrct  which  we  had  prepared  to  cover  this  transaction,  this 
contract  was  prepared  on  i!r.  Edison's  understanding  that  the 
jjeriod  to  ho  covered  was  one  year  from  iiay  let,  19l6.  If  this 
is  incorrect,  according  to  i.:r.  tarpenter's  understanding,  we  are 
entirely  wi.linr,  of  course,  to  change  the  dato  of  expiration 
of  the  contract. 

V. a  will  enclose  the  form  of  contract  herewith  for  your 
perusal.  If  the  period  covered  by  this  contract  is  satisfactory. 
\°  you,  you  can  sign  the  contract  and  return  it,  and  we  will  have 
..r.  Edison  sign  one  copy  c..r:  then  it  will  be  returned  to  you. 
..ho.ld  you  desire  to  limit  the  'cried  of  the  contract  from  .lay 
1st,  1916  to  December  1st,  191c,  please  let  iu  know  and  return 
the  two  copies  of  tne  contract  tc  us  :n0  vc  .ill  make  the  nec¬ 
essary  change,  have  ..Jr .  Edison  .irs  it  and  send  it  down  to  you 
for  signature  uy  your  company. 

Yours  very  truly, 

assistant  to  IJr.  Edison. 


>  7  (P^ 

_ .'M//yMmM^^/Jf/-,;^AU,f^  January  18,  1916. 


Edison  Storage  Battery  Company, 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 


Attention  of  Mr.  Meadowcrof_t._ 

As  we  did  not  receive  this  morning  the  invoioe 
covering  shipment  of  five  or  ten  drums  of  Hitro  Benzol,  we 
are  uncertain  whether  you  have  entered  us  for  the  larger 
amount.  We  write  no*  that  you  may  be  able  to  take  the 
matter  under  consideration  and  we  will  telephone  you  to¬ 
morrow  morning  about  ten  o’. clock  for  your  reply. 

We  would  also  be  glad  to  have  you  consider  entering 
us  for  any  quantity  up  to  50,000  pounds,  and  if  you  can  book 
the  order  at  what  rate  deliveries  can  be  made. 

Yours  truly,  s'  ~y 


Jan.  19th.  1916. 

The  J.  ...  ..atkin§  Mod  leal  Co., 

..  inona  ,  Uinnesota . 


lour  telegram  statinp  you  accept  contract  i'or  Crystal 
Carbolic  ..eifi  -o  the  extent  of  three  honored  (300,  pound a  per 
month  from  ..pril  lot  to  Eoccmbor  -1st,  1916  sac  received,  i.o 
have  prepared  .  contract  in  accordance  tkerev. itli.  and  enclose 
the  same  in  duplicate,  sie-nod  by  ill' .  Edison. 

i.o  v.oulc.  call  year  special  attention  to  the  fact  that .  Edison  does  not  wish  to  rive  an  absolute  ruarentee  that  the 
Carbolic  ..cid  v.ill  comply  strictly  v.ith  all  the  q.  '  .  P.  require¬ 
ments*  ho  believes,  hovevor,  that  the  quality  i.  fully  coual  to 
the  J .  r.  P.  i.e  are  supplyinp  it  ropularly  to  the  hoyden  Chem- 
ioal  i.orke,  E.  K.  Souibbc  &  Pons,  Uonssnto  Chemical  corks  and 
others,  and  they  are  ..11  rlad  to  pot  it. 

i.o  are  forv.arcinp:  oy  this  mail,  under  eosarnto  cover, 
a.  s amnio  of  the  material  such  as  v.o  are  su;  plyinp.  You  can  de¬ 
fer  eif-niup  the  contract  until  you  reooivo  this  sample  and  see 
v  bother  or  not  it  v.ill  answer  your-  requirements. 

Yours  vary  truly, 

.  Edison  laboratory. 

Enclosure . 

A.  I).  MACKAY 

E  RiSqjjibb  &  Sons ,  New  York 


Executive  Office 


January  19,  1916. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  s  Q  \ 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Company,  \b  j 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey.  Lv  '•  / 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

We  should  like  to  take  up  the  manufacture  of 
Aniline  Oil  as  a  starting  point  for  Aniline  Dyes. 

Would  you  he  willing  to  give  us  your  process 
of  manufacture  and  if  so  on  what  terms? 

We  are  of  course  also  interested  in  Benzol, 
so  if  we  could  procure  this  product  also  through  you  it 
would  he  most  satisfactory  to  us. 

Awaiting  your  good  news,  we  remain, 

Very  truly  yours , 

Vice  President, 


January  21st.  1916. 

Mr.  Miller: 

Vio  have  a  contract  with  Mendel  Samuel 
&  Cone  for  1200  tons  of  Cast  Iron  Borings  for 
the  -.nil  1  no  Plant,  to  oe  delivered  100  tons  per 
month,  January  to  December  1916.  These  people 
have  offered  several  deliveries  but  v.c  refused 
them  because  they  wore  not  in  accordance  with 
sample  upon  which  we  made  the  contract,  tie  have 
been  having  quite  a  fuss  wii.h  them,  and  Mr.  Edison 
thought  that  the  matter  would  become  involved  in 
a  lawsuit,  but  Mr.  Samuel  has  been  in  today  and 
we  have  thrashed  the  mutter  out.  Mr.  Edison  has 
agreed  to  cancel  the  contract,  and  .ondel  Samuel 
a  Sons  have  agreed  to  pay  *5720 .  to  get  a  release 
from  the  contract.  Here  is  a  chock  for  the  first 
payment  of  *600.  and  they  promise  to  send. the 
remainder  of  it  in  the  near  future. 

MEABJV.  ceoft  • 





jtfnCEst. , ' 

The  Thos.  A.  Sdison  Co.  , 

Orange , 

Hew  Jersey. 

Gentlemen : 

Y/e  are  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  20tS” 
advising  us  that  we  will  receive  a  shipment  of  Paraphenylei 
ediamine  to  he  forwarded  to  the  Lazard-Godchau: 


Y/ill  you  please  advisf 

.  Ltd.  , 

’.t  the  character  of 

this  material  is’  Is  it  in  any  way  conhustihle  or  inflasuns 
1  gUj-M'  et*c<*  p 

ble?  If  so,  at  what  degree  (shXe-  close  test)^  inflame.  . 

Our  reason  for  making  this  inquiry  is  that  the 
Steamship  Company  will  not  accept  anything  of  a  dangerous 
nature  for  transportation  hy  their  steamers. 

T~  * 



'  ^  Youfs  v^Aruly ,  <—**f*S, 

v,  W  ([m*  JLlA'®1  LUHHAM  &  UOORE 

^  m T* 

. . ^  ' 




•  •  lyl6 

.hr.  laced ore  V.aicker,  Vice  President, 

K.  i-,.  Squibb  &  Sons, 

70  i'oek&an  Street, 

Hew  York  City. 

Hear  Mr .  Weicker: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  19th  instant  in  regard  to  your  taking  up 
the  manufacture  of  aniline  oil  as  a  starting  point 
for  .iniliae  lyes. 

X  should  ue  tilling  to  sell  you  a 
set  of  drawings  for  a  plant  for  manufacturing 
inilino  ac  wo  do  it,  but  where  are  you  going  to 
get  the  acids  and  the  .';on;.olY  If  you  have  not 
providod  for  those  supplies ,  X  am  afraid  you 
will  he vo  a  hard  time  of  it. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Boston,  Mass. 

Jan.  22,  1916. 

Orange,  New  Jersey, 

c%p  ^ 

u  4i^ci<f  UU ^  w 

We  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  of 
the  19th  Inst,  regarding  expenditures  on  Oarholio  y  / 

stm .  (i'  1 

We  would  appreciate  receiving  your  report 
of  conditions  which  necessitated  these  changes  and 
which  would  give  us  more  detailed  information  of  ^  1 

what  these  changes  consisted  of.  This  information 
would  he  of  considerable  assistance  to  us  in  arriving 
at  our  conclusions  regarding  these  charges. 

Trusting  you  can  conveniently  favor  i 
this  data,  we  remain 


Yours  very  truly, 



lunham  h  iloore, 

Produco  Exchange, 

Her  York  City. 

Gentlemen : 

Keplying  to  your  fevor  of  the  Hist 
instant  in  regard  to  the  shipment  of  Parapheny- 
lenodiaminc  to  bo  forraidcd  to  the  iasard-God- 
chaux  Co.,  Ltd.  London,  re  bog  :o  udvise  that 
this  material  is  not  explosive,  and  (is  no  more 
inflammable  than  oak  rood.  It  is  not  regarded  in 
any  ray  as  a  dangerous  material  for  transportation. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Edison  Laboratory. 


r„— — _ " 

S  wJS  hir't1  a«r«d  w  Urm“ ,  January  24th.  1916. 


Jhhn  Bacon,  Jr., 

$  Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Johnstown,  Pa. 

Replying  your  letter  to  Mason,  Mr.  Edison  Bays  he  offers 
Cambria  Company  same  price  as  before,  namely  sixty-four 
cents  gallon  for  10,000  gallons  C.  P.  Benzol. 



t  si 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino.,  'c 

DrerurA  TT«  »  f -L/ 


■>-r.  twenty-fourth 
i  19  16 

A.  Edison,  Ino.,  '>-> 


Gentlemen:-  ^  JUj 

. *s*a:  sr^riiS?/^  «  "•> 

assooiated  in  support  of  t^Hill  Bill  fi^^the inactivities  iff-U 

to  encourage  the^„?8?ni  reoently^ssued  report  of  Dr.  Norton  of  the^.^v 
somewhat  embarrassed  hy  »  ™“*Jn“tates  that  there  are  now  being  , 
Department  of  Commerce.  Jur.  of  ooal_tar  dyestuffs  out  of  j 

manufactured  in  this  country  *  B  This  rep0rt  has  been  given  / 

StK*  assS  ^s^B-s^f^srsai.-s  sss^sms^ 

exaggerated  and  misleading,  .  ®  which  x  am  connected  in 

u-  gSa33S5£g4- 

Sgi^&,£,ss  *wp''5“j^Sre?2Lr 

manufacturing  together  with  wflie|urniBh  will  be  held  absolutely  confi- 

!SiS.,2,to22S2*’S%S*^“ 01  01‘"" 

of  dyestuffs  will  be  presented. 

interests  to^Itf^ 
reply,  I  am. 

Very  sincerely, 

(\  '~Yv\ .  ~Wl 


Standard  Essence  Company,  a  corporation  having  ito 
nlfcco  of  business  at  Maywood ,  li.  J.,  hereby  purehacos,  and  ngroos 
to  receive  from  Chomac  Edison,  and  tho  said  fhomae  «..  Edison 
hereby  bcIIs  .o  eaid  Standard  Essence  Company,  ilitrobcnzol  re¬ 
quired  by  said  standard  Essence  Co.ipany  during  the  period  from 
Feoruary  let  to  June  30th,  ,1916,  inclusive,  and  as  follovrs ; 





.o  be  of  good  standurd  quality. 

So  be  fifty  thousand  (50,000)  poundE  during 
tho  five  (Sj  months  beg  inning  February  let 
and  ending  June  Soth.  1916. 

’Jo  be  thirty  (So)  cents  por  pound,  .  .  0.  3. 

Silver  lake,  h.  J.;  drums  extra  at  ^10.00 
oach,  to  be  credited  if  returned  in  good 
condition,  freight  prepaid,  within  sixty 
(60)  days  from  da to  of  original  shipment. 

Io  bo  raado  and  taken  in  oqual  moat  hi;,  chip- 
monte,  commencing  February,  1916  and  ending 
Jim.. .  1916. 

'flirty  (SO  J  days ,  or  lose  1$,  within  ton  days 
from  date  of  oach  shipment,  riynble  in  iiow 
York  City  funds,  in  United  States  gold  or 
its  equivalent  in  United  Ota ton  currency. 

In  the  ovent  of  war,  fire,  flood,  strike, 
lockout,  accident,  or  other  like  causes  be¬ 
yond  tiio  control  of  said  liaison,  interfering  with 
the  production, . transportation  or  consumption 
,,f  the  goods  herein  described,  aclivoriec  this  contract  may  bo  cuspendod  during 
tho  period  required  to  remove  tho  cause  and 
repair  tho  damage. 

(signed)  Thos .  A. Edison. 


Standard  Essence  Company, 

(signed)  Edwin  V. .  Preston. 

Ereasurer  &  Secretary. 

Jan.  y.o 

a .  .3 .  Budgers  1  Sons  Oo . , 

71  ritls  Street, 

Boston,  Iiass. 


1  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  £2nu  instant  regarding  our  expenditures 
on  the  two  Carbolic  Stills  at  Silver  lake . 

I  am  very  busy  indeed,  and  it  would  take  quite 
sometime  for  me  to  draft  out  a  report  of  the 
conditions  which  necessited  the  changes.  _.s 
you  have  an  Engineer  who  travels  about  the 
country,  1  think  it  would  be  better  to  have 
him  come  over  to  our  Plant  and  check  up  these 
statements  that  we  have  submitted. 

V.ill  you  kindly  havo  him  report  to 
me,  or  to  .'.ir .  i.teadowcroft  when  he  comes. 

Yours  very  truly. 

”.r .  James  L.  Clark, 

f.  Munition  .Manufacturers'  Associates, 

1019  Fla i iron  Building, 

Lev;  York  City. 

Bear  Sir: 

fieplying  to  your  favor  of  the  22nd  in¬ 
stant,  v;e  regret  to  say  that  wo  cannot  make  you 
any  offers  on  Phenol,  as  v.s  aro  contracted  up  for 
the  present  year. 

ii8  are  in  the  market  for  some  Benzol  for 
regular  delivery  over  the  remainder  of  this  year, 
for  which  wo  could  pay  per  gallon,  F.O.B.,- 
Silver  Lake,  .11.  J.  She  Benzol,  however,  must  be 
C.  j?.,  boiling  within  1°.  What  can  you  offer  on 
this  basis? 

Yours  very  truly. 

Fdison  Laboratory. 

Executive  Office 

ERiSqijibb  &.  Sons  .  New  York 


January  26,  1916. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

New  Jersey . 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

tv  t.  Uwt.  <yM  ^ 

v~f~ M <fAnr\ 

ftviu  ClSrt  &  O-f^cL  U 

jJLr  MX  H  ■? 

your  fnvor/bf  the '22nd  insta_nih,and  thank} 

’  of  the  s 

you  for  the  tenor 

You  have  put  your  finger  on  the  sore  spo^  when y  ~^f  if 
you  ask  us  whether  we  have  provided  for  Acids  and  Benzol.  /  (. 

It  has  occurred  to  us  that  you,  having  hooked  your  materials  v  "T 
at  a  low  cost,  might  he  willing  to  supply  us  with  Aniline  | 

Oil  at  a  price  wuich  would  make  it  unattractive  to  provide  l 

for  a  manufacturing  plant. 

Hay  we  therefore  ask  you  whether  you  would  hook 
for  us  a  contract  over  1916,  calling  for  40,000  to  60,000 
pounds  of  Aniline  Oil  per  month. 

very  glad  to  hear  from  you. 

1  position  to  do  1 

Awaiting  your  good  news,  .1  remain, 


.  /'//f/r/r'y.  ':  ( 

'  *£'*-% . V 


y^//f  f;, 

January  f:6th ,  191C. 

E.  A.  Edison,  Esij.  , 

.  Orange,  11 
Sear  Sir:- 

v*6'”' «~J 

,L^  January  to  Ur.  J.  E.  Plummer 

^  .  . . 


AAfrr  «.  I  olAo 

(gUtAW.| |Ae-  kts*^  ^ 

Referring  to  your  leltter  of  the  lath 

■ticulnrly  to  the 

|t  paragraph  dealing  with  the  question  of  naphthalene. 
)  X  -.vould  like  to  say  in  reply  to  your  enouiry 

tC{)y  mat  vie  ore  producing  this  material  in  the  form  of 
t)ry  Crude  naphthalene,  heing  dried  in  a  centrifugal 
F  drier. 

At  the  present  time  we  have  roughly  100  tons 
of  this  product  on  hand  packed  in  hags  and  if  you  axe 
interested  vie  would  he  very  pleased  to  hear  from  you 
as  to  v/hat  figure  you  could  offer  us  for  the  some. 

Yours  faithfully, 

Ur-  George  Hopp,  ...  „ 

fo  Bronx  V, indov  Shade  and  Awning  Go., 

372  "act  162nd  Street, 

IJev;  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

Your  favor  of  the  ££nd  instant  has 
been  roferred  to  Ur.  Edison,  and  ha  requests 
us  to  say  that  v.o  have  wool:  Sodium  I'henolate, 
10  to  lb£  solution,  containing  free  soda  and 
Sodium  Sulphite  and  Sulphate,  he  requests  us 
to  ask  v.hether  this  v.ould  suit  your  purpose , 
and  what  quantity  you  would  probably  desiro  to 

Yours  very  truly. 

Edison  laboratory. 


5:7th.  3  916. 

Dr.  J.  .Jerri tt  "atthews, 

50  East  41st  Street, 

Dew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

Soy lying  to  jour  favor  of  the  £4th 
instant,  Jet  me  say  that  I  make  no  aye  -luff, 
except  Aniline  Oil,  aniline  Salt  and  ears  .'hen;/- 
lened  iambic .  I  do  not  know  of  anyone  e: cept 
the  Becker  Chemical  Company  and  Scholkopf.  Hart¬ 
ford  und  Hanna ,  who  make  eyes. 

Yours  very  truly, 


RENO.  NEVADA,  U.  S.  A.  . 

j  Ja^g7^I9]:c.  ,.^  • 

A. Edison,  j  C<A- 

V/est  Orange, '  e*rvt.  ‘4o  rrWtc«»&*4  C^fvuvJ 

Dear  Dr.Edisc 

. Mro^w  xjo-tAn  .oW{%*w»c  ^ 

Under  separate  cover  I  i 


a  sending  ydu  a  reprint  of 

9  fec.-»><.4?  V»  —* 


may  already  have  been  called  to  it, hut  if  no^r^shou^ 
read  it, if  you  can  find  time  to  do  so.  I  haW*' tried  tc 

my  article  in  this  month's  Journal  lof  Ind.&  Eng.'Chemistry  c 
of  a  large  government  institution  for  chemical  ivesgarch.  Your  attention 

Ulike  to  have  you 
>  emphasize  the 

need  of  organized  chemical  research  as  the  basis  for  military  and 
industrial  preparedness  for  war, and  I  am  wondering  whether  you  have 
not  arrived  at  some  similar  conclusion. 

Our  most  effective  materials  to-day  may  be  antiquated  to¬ 
morrow, and  if  we  are  to  prevail* against  a  first  class  foe, whose  chemical 
industries  are  twenty  five  years  in  advance  of  i3  of  prime 
importance  that  we  lay  the  proper  foundation  for  these  industries  at 
once.  The  five  million  dollar  experimental  laboratory, recommended  by 
your  board, would  be  an  exceedingly  necessary  adjunct  to  the  present 
naval  equipment , but  it  seems  to  me  we  should  pursue  systematic  research 
in  all  t?ie  main  branches  of  chemistry. 

I  have  already  received  a  large  number  of  letters, from  various 
parts  of  the  country, commending  the  |>lan,and  these  have  led  me  to 
suggest  the  following:  To  obtain  briefly  stated  opinions  from  twenty 
five  or  thirty  of  the  leading  men  of  the  nation, upon  the  feasibility  of 
my  plan  and  have  them  published  in  SCIENCE.  Would  you  consent  to  send 
me  your  opinion  for  that  purpose?  I  would  like  to  call  your  attention  to 
an  error  in  the  paper:  Department  47  should  be  and  not  stearines. 
With  profound  admiration  for  your  scientific  achievements,!  am 

Sincerely  yours K 


Munition  Manufacturers1  Associates  ' 


v  york  January  27 ,  193.6* 

'  / 

oontraoted  for.  If  you  are  willing  to  pay" 76^  per  gallortT^'  / 
kindly  advise  me  and  I  will  see  what  I  oan  do  for  you.  -  / 

Awaiting  your  pleasure,  I  am 

Very  truly  yours. 


P.  S.  Have  you  any  use  for  Aniline  Oil?  I  have  been  offered 
60,000  gallons  on  a  year's  oontract,  5,000  gallons  per  month. 
9S$pure.  Price  05j<. 

I  was  offered  yesterday  a  oarload  of  Sulphurio  Aoid, 
66°.  Now  in  a  tank  in  New  York.  Price  $S0  .00  a  ton.  In 
oarboys  $65 >0°  a  ton. 

Jan.  £Gth.  1916. 

Hr.  Iheodore  Vi  sicker,  7.  Pres., 
ij.  1\.  Squibb  £j  Sons, 
iiev.-  York  City. 

Ey  dear  Hr.  ie inker: 

I  an  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  £6th  instant,  ana  regret  to  say  that  1  shall 
be  unable  to  contract  with  you  for  ..niline  Oil, 
as  v;e  nave  sold  our  entire  output  for  1916,  ana 
have  only  enough  -.oidr.  to  pull  through  nicely. 
Some  of  these  .-.cids  1  have  only  been  able  to 
obtain  by  paying  exorbitant  prices. 

r.opretting  that  X  ounnot  help  you 

out,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

e  Heyden  Chemical  Works. 

k'll.I.IAM  STKKKT.  "bv»kx.n"w 

NKW  YORK.  Jan.  31,  1916. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  II.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

H  U-'-cX-C.  -QCC- 

v.  .U£^ 

-1,77  .4  -K. 

We  should  greatly  appreciate  a  statement  from  you  / 
ihen  you  will  begin  to  make  to  us  deliveries  of  Catholic  Acid  f 
.o  the  fall  extent  of  our  contract  with  you  dftt€d  April  27,  1916. 
fhis  contract  calls  for  1000  pounds  per  day,  and  deliveries  at 
that  rate  should  have  been  made  against  it  already  last  summer. 

As  your  new  Carbolic  Acid  factory  is  now  running, 
tie  hope  you  will  see  your  my  clear  to  give  us  from  now  on  the 
quantity  due  as  per  agreement. 

Very  truly  yours, 



>  1  .  V.prest. 


StOWAf  ^ 

January  31st, 1916. 


f  M  — fu  /'it  f  yuux£t.£ajtf(i  i’v*- 


Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison, 

I  have  taken  the  matter  up  with  Mr. 
Clause,  President  of  the  Columbia  Chemical  Company,  in  /A* 
reference  to  the  cloride  of  calcium,  and  find  the  Carbon- 
dale  Calcium  Company  have  contracted  for  all  the  oaloium 
oarbjde  which  the  Columbia  Chemical  are  making,  and  they 
are  at  the  present  time  behind  on  their  orders  for  this 
material.  I  think,  however,  the  Carbondale  Company  resell 
this  calcium  cloride,  and  if  you  write  them,  they  can 
probably  give  you  a  price  on  the  material. 

Had  I  taken  the  matter  up  with  others 
in  the  office,  1  could  have  given  you  the  information 
earlier,  but  I  was  under  the  same  impression  you  were, 
that  this  by-product  was  made  in  exoess  of  the  amount  which 
found  a  ready  market. 

Ljcrt-vr  £ t'  tL*  i 

6  f-  !  ov 



With  best  regards,  I  beg  to  remain 
Yours  truly,/ 

Ed  icon: 

figures  from  „ooav.ara  ana  Johnstown,  are  as  follows 
Prom  beginning  to  January  fclst,  1916. 

V.QODV.AiiB . 






Id ,436 

STOCK  Oil  ILxIlD- 
7 , 021 


Benzol  C.P. 

"  90?* 


tolvent  ilaphtha 








- W7HL 




B  I.  E  0  tt  K  X  0 

T  0  R  3 

i  Wo  •  Of 


Operation  Used 
Bo.  Kama  '' 

1. '  Rulohnnatlon  12 

2.  Liming  5 

3’  Filter  Proaaoa  4 
Pumping  into  :: 

4.  Deoompoaltlon  2 

4.  Pumpa  1 

Pumping  into  i: 

4.  Pun$>a  1 

Pumping  from  ' 

S.  Concentration  Z 

6.  Crushing  Salt  1 

7.  Fusing  6 

8- A  Cruahlng  Cake  1 
9.  Eoutrallgatlpn  4 

9- A  Settling  of'  1 

Crude  Phenol  ! 

10.  Distilling  of  1 
P.  Phenol  li 

All  Motors  230  Volts  -  Biroot  Current. 

Hovol.  Direct 

per  Bnolc  Con— 

'Hypo  Manufacturer  Minute  Goarod  nootod  Homarks 



.Jhoolor  780  6  to  1  Bolt  Dr 

'•  1625  6  to  1  Goar  Dr 

'•  1050 

Diroot  Conneotod  to  pump; 
Flexiblo  Coupling. 
Worthington  Centrifugal 
Pump  Bo.  540168-V/. 

1700  Diraot  t 




Diroot  Conneotod  to 
Worthington  Pump. 

wound  General  Electric  1150  Belt  Drive 

220TVolt  Sprague  1250  6  to  1  Goar  Drive 

220  Volt  Goneral  Blootric  375  Bolt  Drivon 

P.  ip,  Sprague  1250  6  to  1  Gear  Drivon 

Crodcer-Wheeler  1200  Direct  -Connected  to^ 

220  Wt  C ro oher-V.hoe le r  1200  Wrect^cted  to^ 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Chemicals  (E-16-16) 






HTMORAHDUM  OP  AGREEMENT  in  respect  to  sale  and 
purohaso  of  tonzol,  made  this  1st  day  of  February,  1916, 
oo  two  on  POM  IB  I  OH  I  HOB  ABB  3fF.FI  COIIPABY,  LIMITED,  of  Sydney, 
Bcva  Scotia,  horoinoftor  called  the  Seller,  and  THOMAS  A. 

I' DIF  OH,  of  West  Orange,  Hew  Jersey,  hereinafter  called  the 

fhis  agreement  cancels  and  supersedes  previously 
existing  agreements  and  contracts  Between  tho  parties  hereto 
in  so  far  ns  they  relate  to  the  sale  and  purchase  of  benzol, 
but  nothing  heroin  shall  be  held  to  abrogate  the  agreements 
and  undertakings  of  tho  parties  hereto  in  respect  to  plans 
to  he  furnished  and  sorvicos  to  be  rendered  by  Thomas  A. 
Edison,  or  tho  consideration  to  be  received  therefor  by 
Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Tho  Seller  agrees  to  soil  and  the  Buyer  agrees  to 
huy  220,000  United  States  gallons  C.P.  consol  at  a  price  of 
twenty- five  cents  (25^)  per  United  States  gallon,  to  he 
shipped  at  the  rate  of  20,000  gallons  per  month  during  eaoh 
and  every  month  from  February ,  1916  to  December ,  1916,  both 

In  addition  to  tho  aforesaid  220,000  gallons  of 
benzol,  the  Seller  agrees  to  sell  and  the  Buy°*  agrees  to 
buy  66,000  United  States  gallons  C.P.  benzol  at  a  price  of 
fifty-nine  cents  (59{/)  per  United  States  gallon,  to  be 
shipped  at  tho  rate  of  5000  gallons  per  month  during  eaoh 
and  every  month  of  tho  period  from  February,  1916  to  Dec¬ 
ember,  1016,  both  inoluBive. 

It  iB  mutually  understood  and  abroad  that  if  for 
any  roaaon  tho  3ollor  shall  fall  to  supply  the  entire 
376,000  gallons  of  benzol  horoinbeforo  agreed  to  be  supplied, 
tho  Buyer  shall  not  bo  charged  more  than  twenty-five  cents 
(25{0  per  United  States  gallon  for  such  benzol  up  to 
220,000  gallons  thereof. 

Iho  Seller  furthermore  agrees  to  sell  and  hereby 
gives  to  the  Buyer  the  option  of  purchasing  G.1‘.  benzol  at 
u  prieo  of  twonty-five  conts  (26j/)  per  Unitod  States  gallon 
not  to  ouoeod  20,000  Unitod  States  gallons  per  month  during 
oach  and  every  month  from  January,  1917  to  Juno,  1916,  both 
inclusive,  or  ouch  portions  thereof  as  the  Buyer  shall  order; 
provided,  hov/over.  that  tho  Buyer  shall  bo  required  to  give 
to  the  6 oiler  throe  months  notice  in  advance  of  the  Buyer* s 

I'  requirements  for  each  three  months  period  of  tho  period  from 
January,  1917  to  Juno,  1916,  both  indue ive. 

All  shipments  of  benzol  hereunder  shall  bo  from 
the  seller's  works  at  Sydney,  11.5. ,  in  tank  cars  to  bo  fum- 
Ishod  by  the  Buyer  and  shall  bo  consigned  to  the  Buyer  at 
Orange,  I5ev  Jersey,  or  ol  so  who  re  in  the  Unitod  States  as 
tho  Buyer  may  direct,  Buyer  to  pay  freight  and  duty. 

In  tho  event  of  sufficient  tank  cars  not  being 
supplied  in  any  one  month  to  take  care  of  the  monthly  quota, 
the  Buyer  has  tho  right  to  furnish  and  the  3oller  has  the 
right  to  insist  on  the  Buyer  furnishing  additional  tank  oars 
to  enable  the  Sellar  to  mnko  up  tho  shortage  in  tho  ihonth 
following  such  short  shipmont.  Should  it  bo  happen  that  it 
is  found  impossible  to  furnish  additional  oars  in  tho  month 
following  tho  short  shipment  to  make  up  such  shortago ,  tho 
contract  poriod  for  shipmont  of  suoh  shortago  may  bo  extended 


for  a  period  to  bo  mutually  agreed  upon  to  permit  of  the 
shortage  being  taken  care  of.  It  shall,  however,  not  be 
incumbent  on  tho  Seller  to  make  up  any  such  shortage  caused 
by  tho  Buyer  failing  to  furnish  tank  oars  sufficient  to  take, 
care  of  any  monthly  quota  not  later  than  the  month  follow¬ 
ing  tho  short  shipment. 

?ho  Buy or  agrees  to  make  paymont  to  tho  Seller  for 
all  benzol  shipped  as  aforesaid  within  thirty  days  from  date 
of  invoice.  Shippers  weight  measurement  and  gauge  to  govern. 

Bel ivories  may  be  suspended  pending  any  contin¬ 
gencies  beyond  tho  control  of  tho  Seller  or  Buyor  (such  as 
fire,  accident ,  war,  strike,  look-out,  disaster  or  interrup¬ 
tion  in  navigation  or  transportation,  inability  to  obtain 
cars,  or  the  like)  causing  a  short  supply  of  labor,  fuel, 
cars,  raw  material,  or  manufactured  product,  and  preventing 
or  hindering  tho  manufacture,  delivery,  acceptance  or  con¬ 
sumption  of  tho  material  covered  by  this  contract. 

If  the  Buyor  makes  default  in  any  payment  or  is 
adjudicated  a  bankrupt  or  bocomeo  insolvent,  tho  Seller  may 
at  its  o v/n  option  oanool  further  deliveries , 

III  B'l'flH'SS  V.H15S3QP,  the  parties  heroto  have  exe- 

Iouted  this  agreement  the  aay  and  year  first  uhovo  written. 


By  _ _ _ _ 

Witness ; 





.  ^  rr 


U.6  cf^C  - 

'u^J  t,  t  t  J 

^y^r^TT  cd  zrccvA  u.6^.< 

cL<..-*m-i  do  **<»  u>  (^: 

'(T te U-^.V  JU«*  e;(^  ^*--<lf,e- 
(wessJTte  t3t£.  £**.» 


Jrt(U  «dC“  0  ■ 

Jtw,'  -  v^rri 

X V  6^131  'n'4"l  1  { 

r„  £■<  Znu^-fr  ^  (V‘T 
u  ya  Lex.  IS  m.'K  -  S’eU.*".  fcy 

t  ,  .  <• 

'Ski*™  ttpsAf,**-.  Co-®  ~  WrT"  *" 
J>jr;.«c-»  tnl*.  M*-c  r"  - > 

\  HkG-  iy(o 


Fob.  let.  191G 

Arrangement  agreed  to  between  Hr.  Edison  and 
Lir -  Plummer  February  lot,  1916. 

Benzol  to  bo  supplied  by  loninion  Iron  a  Steel 
Company  to  Bdieon  under  the  old  contract,  at 
Z&4  P°-  u.  S.  gallon.  Freight  and  duty  to  be 
paid  by  Edison  on  delivery.  20,000  gallons 
monthly  to  be  delivered  to  Edison  under  old  con¬ 

Edison  to  make  an  additional  contract  to  tsko 
from  Bominion  Iron  d-  Stool  Company  i.,000  gal¬ 
lons  additional  per  month,  or  10,000  gallons  if 
tho  company  can  supply  it,  starting  in  February 
and  continuing  to  Boccmber  Slot,  1916.  She 
price  <.0  bo  paid  by  Edioon  for  this  additional 
Benzol  is  69^  per 'gallon  at  tho  stool  Company’s 
Plant.  Edison  pays  duty  and  freight  to  Orange. 
Edison  to  supply  tank  ears  at  regular  intervals 
to  the  railroad  for  delivery  to  Vydnoy. 
ilo thing  horoin  to  abrogato  conditions  of  old  con¬ 
tract  os  to  the  throe  years  or  tno  royalty. 


i'eb.  1st. 


Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company, 

Sydney,  -lova  Scotia. 

Attention  of  IiIaeUauKhton. 


'lour  favor  of  the  £6th  ultimo  in 
regard  to  naphthaline  has  boon  received. 

If  you  will  kindly  send  by  express  a  ten 
pound  average  sample,  I  will  test  it,  and  soe 
if  wo  can  make  anything  out  of  it. 

rleaso  address  this  sample  to  my 
assistant,  Ilr .  VV.  K.  Ueadoworoft,  at  this 
address . 

■fours  very  truly. 

you  would  Ilka  to  send  someone  from  your  factory  to  Inspect 
our  method,  please  let  me  know. 

Yours  very  truly, 




February  1st,  1916, 

Mr.  Richard  M.  Colgate; 

After  cautioizing  our  Soda  Ash  with 
caustic  lime,  we  let  the  Hud  Lime  settle,  remove  the  Caustic 
Soda  solution  from  above,  wash  the  mud  lime  once  in  same  tank 
with  water,  removing  the  wash  water  from  above  the  mud  lime. 
The  mud  lime  is  then  mixed  with  enough  water  to  make  it  in  a 
condition  fit  to  pump,  then  pumped  to  filtering  tanks. 

These  are  reotangular  iron  tanks  in  the 
bottom  of  which  is  a  screen,  on  top  of  the  screen  is  gravel 
and  on  top  of  the  gravel  a  heavy  wire  screen,  on  top  of  this 
a  fine  brass  screen  and  on  top  of  this  a  heavy  perforated  iron 
plate.  In  the  bottom  of  tho  tank  are  pipes  run  to  other 
tanks  for  saving  the  wash  w 
connected  to  a  v 

After  the  mud  lime  is  pumped  in  these 
tanks  it  is  washed  with  water.  The  remaining  mud  lime  con¬ 
tains  about  1.75$  free  lime  CaO  and  less  than  1$  of  alkali 
Ha2C03,  and  from  30$  to  40$  water. 

Wo  do  not  consider  this  method  the  beBt 
if  erecting  a  new  plant.  If  tho  lime  oan  bo  used  in  any  way, 
it  would  certainly  pay  to  use  a  filter  press. 

If  we  were  to  erect  a  new  cauticizing 
plant  wo  would  investigate  very  oarefully  the  prooesB  developed^ 
by  the  Dorr  Cyanide  Machinery  Co.,  17  Battery  Place,  M.Y.City.  J 

E  RiSquibb  Si.  Sons 




New  York,  February  1,  ISIS'. 

We  have  on  hand  some  of  your  aoid  <x^U'AX1  tt' 
which  is  discolored  —  one  drum  of  about  250 
pounds,  3  tins  of  25  pounds  each,  10  tins  of  r 

10  pounds  each  and  8  tins  of  5  pounds  each  — »  \ 

in  all  465  pounds.  We  would  like  to  return 
this  to  you  for  exchange  for  white  acid.  . 

Will  you  please  let  us  know  whether 
you  wish  us  to  return  it  to  you  in  the  above  ^lojC 

packing?  Co-t£-fc- \ 

We  await  your  reply.  ^ 

l(|  ,/f. 

Mr.  Thomas  Meadowcraft,  Seo»y 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  r--  , 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir; 

Very  truly  yours. 



Ninth  aw  Parrish  Stkbets  vP"  i 

_ I  J)/lvvk/d&ljl'llM/,  February  1,  1916. 

~t'fx <svf  tV“  i^-j  £  i 

laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  |  .  1  ’  r 

Orange,  New  Jersey  te.<phcv|  Xe  vu 

Bear  Sirs*-  "K  «-U«>cs  UTL  <*n-c 

near  sirs.  IHON  BY  HYBROGijH  '  j 

We  acknowledge  due  receipt  of  your  favor,  of  (the27th.  ultimo  / 

isr-ct-eLe  lia.  i 3>icr*».- “>«-/  ’[•»  «*'v  / 

to  whioh  we  have  given  our  careful  consideration,  butane  *to  the'  un- 
cLtrici'  uJhvcI  To  —  LOS.  I'ot.e 

certainty  of  the  situation,  a  decision  by  us  is  rendered  difficult  for 
_y\ -liM'  0  <-  W 

the  reason  that  we  are  uncertain  as  to  whither  the  two  Houses  who, 

U'&a.  o**\o  C-o-ia-CcC.  «  C*. 

from  your  letter  we  understand  wouldjwish  to  be  supplied  witjh.jL|pOO 

lbs.  per  month,  would  consume  the  quantity  in  question  in  their  own~»-»~ 
manufacturing  work,  therefore  eliminat ing^that  quantity  from  competi-  j 

tion  on  the  market,  or  whether  the  two  customers  specified  expected  > 

u^u-v*£Avvaw(  to  ?  T 

to  resell  your  product  and  if  such  is  the  case  we  would »not  wfetimatp  > 

|l.*A  t  a  C  At.,  | 

that  we  cotad  handle  for  you  any  such  quantity  as  2,000  lbs.  per 

3-U  «  citT  Mvc.  fifet** 

month.  As  you  no  doubt  are  quite  well  aware,  the  use  of  the  article-*;' 

U»  A**/ ‘■***^iJ 

iB  very  much  restricted  and  undue  competition  would  only Jpring  about 

iB  very  much  restricted  and  undue  competition  would  only bring  about 
a  sharp  reduction  in  price. 

We  have  always  distributed  more  or  leai^f-this  particular 
product  and  we  oould  continue  to  handle  reasonable  quantities  if  the 
situation  did  not  develop  in  a  way  to  prevent  interest  in  the  article. 
If  you  will  kindly  favor  us  with  a  frank  statement  regarding  the 
facts,  whioh  of  oourse  will  prove  of  mutual  interest,  we  would  be  glad 
to  hear  from  you. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Fob.  2nd . 


Mr.  Charles  E.  Speirs, 

%  D.  Van  Ilostrand  Company, 

26  Dark  Place, 
ilew  York  City. 

Dear  Mr.  Spcirs : 

V. ill  you  kindly  send  the  i'ollov.- 
inp  books  for  .Mr-  Edison  to  look  at  on  approval. 
Caine  &  Ehorpo, 

Synthetic  Dyestuffs  and  Intermediate 
Products . 


Cod  lar  Colors. 


Chemistry  of  Dyestuffs. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Jk'Ub,  4'4'L 

Yv(t  i  1/^t  '^)  (■  L  1  - 

*  ijvfeviki  a ■■.''■4 


^  \Yol' ift-r  C:Ly 

\c-e^C^r\CA  •' 

4  «*cU^ 


hjfh  -  ykeaJjoMA^jjJ' 




-^y  -Otrts&e 

/K&t  6 -»*»-  aljywwt. 

j  ptfejr 




A.  M.  WOOD  &  CO.,  INC. 

Commercial  Trust  Bldg., 

Number  S-1519  Philadelphia,  February  2,  1916. 

A.  M.  Wood  &  Co.,  Inc.,  of  Philadelphia,  agree  to  sell  and 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison  agree  to  buy. 


Entire  requirements  for  six  months,  February  first 
to  August  first | approximately  100  tons  per  month. 


Dry  clean  caBt  iron  borings,  free  from  bras,  all 
to  pass  through  7/32"  mesh  screen  ond  to  conform 
in  fineness  to  sample  submitted. 


$18.50  per  ton  for  all  cars  which  do  not  require  shipping 
to  Lincoln,  H .  J.  for  screening 

$22.00  per  ton  for  all  cars  requiring  shipping  to 
Lincoln,  H.  J.  for  screening.  The  difference  in  price 
of  $3.50  per  ton  to  cover  labor  and  extra  freight. 


Less  1%  for  cash  in  10  days. 


To  be  Bhipped  in  box  cars,  swept  clean  before  loading 
to  Thomas  A.  Edison  Aniline  Plant,  Silver  Lake,  N.J.  for 
Erie  delivery. 


It  is  mutually  agreed  that  we  are  to  have  the  refusal 
on  a  further  six  months  contract  on  account  of  the 
equipment  we  are  installing  to  properly  supply  this 

NOTE. -Materials  must  be  waybilled  as  scrap  iron. 

Minimum  car-load  weight  must  be  at  least  20 
gross  tons.  Unless  otherwise  instructed  load 
in  gondola  cars.  Original  B/L  must  accompany 
all  bills . 

ACCEPTED  (signed)  Thos.  A.  Edison. 
DATE  Feb.  2,  1916 

A.  M.  WOOD  &  CO.,  INC. 




Peb.  Srd. 


Ur.  John  Bue on,  Jr., 

Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

Johns tcv.n.  Pa. 

Dear  Dir: 

.ifter  looking  at  your  report  of  Peb. 

1st,  ilr .  Edison  wishes  me  to  ask  you  thy  your 
output  of  light  oil  has  pone  down.  ho  fishes 
me  to  ask  v. bother  the  Cambria  Company  are  riot 
coking  rood  coal..  Ho  also  fishes  me  to  ask  whether 
you  knot  1:7  they  intend  coking  better  coal  or  a 
hotter  mixture. 

lours  very  truly, 

Assistant  to  !/.r .  Edieon. 


McKesson  &  robbTns 

ESTABLISHED  1333  J  ■ 

jK  .V 

xr  v 


V  , 


bear  Sir: 

”iT  f 



,7e  have  ,your  favor  of  the  2nd  and 

yatal  Carbolic  Acid 

thank  you  for  your  offer  of' 1000  lhs. 
l«r  day  from  May  1st  to  December  31et ,  1910,  at  85^  lb. 
P.O.B.  Silver  I. alee.  /let  ua  know  if  you  vdll  guarantee  th< 
to  answer  the  U.  S-!-''  requirements  throughout  the  period  of 


4th .  1 

;,v.  il.  K.  Hitchcock, 

Coueuiting  furinoer, 
litisburgh  PI?- to  Glues  Co.* 

Frick  ikiilding. 

.ittsbuxgh,  Ha. 

Dear  iir.  Hitchcock: 

I  urn  in  receipt  of  your  favor 
of  the  blot  ultimo,  but  did  not  quite  catch 
on  .-.hen  you  aay  that  the  Curbondtle  Calcium 
Company  have  contracted  for  all  the  Carbide 
which  the  Columbia  Chemical  Company  are  mak¬ 
ing.  Your  akron  Soda  V.orke  must  throw  r.way 
□very  day  at  leant  too  tone  of  Calcium  Chloride. 

i'ourt  very  truly. 

February  4th.  1916. 

j0LaJj<  likusu ^ 

i,Ir.  Edison:  1%  (S-^J 

Badger  culled  up  from  Boston  on  the  telephone  and 
said  that  they  could  not  sond  their  engineer  to  Silver  lake 
at  present  to  see  v:hat  v.'e  did  in  regard  to  the  skills. 

They  say  that  some  sort  of  report  must  have  been  made 
to  you  about  the  stills,  and  they  would  like/to  have  a  copy  of 
it.  I  told  them  that  it  was  an  oral  repor-t. 

Then  they  said  they  could  not  understand  v.hy  the  changes 
for  lammerhoff's  stils  cost  so  very  much  iess  than  those  at  the 
new  plant,  and  asked  if  v<e  could  not  malji^  some  sort  of  a  state¬ 
ment  for  them  so  that  they  might  have/4  little  better  understand¬ 
ing  of  the  matter.  /  I 

If  I  knew  anything  about  th<j  technical  details  of  these 
two  stills,  or  had  any  knowledge  of  what  was  done  and  what  changes 
were  made,  I  would  draft  up'' some  kind  of  report  and  show  it  to 
you  for  approval ,  but  ap'you  know,  I  was  here  all  the  time,  and 
do  not  know  the  practical  details. 

V;hat  cajr v.e  do  about  muking  a  report  for  them? 

/  MEaDO  V<  CROFT . 

C  ‘/f/f/rni)  -x  .  X  //AAr//,- 

Co,  limited. 

/C  /fat,,/  ■  jft/fMff'/t-  ■  AsrfiiA/r.  /./toj 

•  Irrr-^/rr/-, 

Eebruary  4  ,  /#/  6. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino. , 
Orange,  II.  J. 

Dear  Sir  S— 

_  Met  Toluol  From  Your  Cambria  Plant.. . . 

V,'e  v.’ould  like  to  know  very  much  if  you  will 
authorize  us  to  negotiate  with  Italian  Commissioners  for  the 
sale  of  C.P.  Toluol  from  your  Cambria  Plant,  at  the  rate  of 
130  gallons  per  day,  beginning  with  April,  1916  and  ending  oi 

Mar oh  31,  1916. 

As  you  know,  we  are  working  with  Mr.  John  Sloane 
on  a  large  order  from  Russia  for  Kall-Ocott  Motors  and  Sloane 
Aeroplanes,  and  at  this  moment  we  committed  ourselves  to  the 
extent  of  100  Hall-Scott  Motors,  for  which  7/e  actually  made  the 
contract  to  buy.  At  present,  the  prospects  are  very  bright  in 
obtaining  an  order  for  300  Motors  and  100  Sloane  Maohines. 

Under  the  circumstances,  it  is  very  Important 
for  us  to  keep  the  representative  of  Hall-Scott  Motor  Car  Compe^ 
in  IJew  York,  on  good  terms  with  us.  Mr.  Whitaker  of  Hardy,  . 
Stanclif  fe  &  Whitaker  is  the  representative,  and  we  found  that . 
his  firm  act  as  counsellors  for  the  Italian  Commissionerb  ,-v 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  -2- 

and  if  I  can  soil  your  toluol  from  Cambria  Plant  to  the 
Italian  Commissioners  and  give  them  some  commission,  it  will 
place  ue  in  a  very  favorable  position  with  Ur,  Whitaker, 

Would  you  be  good  enough  to  make  me  the 

following  proposition:- 

C.  P.  Toluol,  Barretts  Specification, 

4,000  to  4,500  gallons  per  month, 
beginning  with  April,  1916  and  end- 
ing  in  March  1917,  at  the  price  which 
is  to  be  agreed  upon  by  you  later  on. 

If  you  give  me  such  an  authorization,  I  will 
get  Mr.  Whitaker's  firm  to  approach  the  Italian  Commissioners 
and  find  out  how  much  toluol  and  at  what  price  they  are  willing 
to  buy,  and  we  will  immediately  get  in  touch  with  you,  and  ask 
you  for  your  price. 

The  contract  will  have  to  be  made  between  the 
Italian  Commissioners  and  yourselves,  or  if  you  wish,  we  will 
sign  the  contract  on  your  behalf,  holding  ourselves  responsible 
for  the  payment  to  you. 

The  main,  object  in  this  matter  is  to  capture 
"r.  whitakor  in  order  to  uelp  ourselves  out  in  our  negotiation 
with  Hall— Scott  Motor  people,  but  of  course,  wo  would  like  to  •••■ 
make  a  little  bit  out  of  this,  if  you  do  not  mind,  Y?e,  therefor* 
would  like  to  ask  you  to  give  us  10#  commission,  to  be  divided  .  •; 
between  Mr,  Whitaker  and  ourselves,  of  the  contract  price,  Whie^ 
we  will  try  to  make  as  high  as  possible,'  . 

Hoping  that  you  will  extend  us  your  courtesy,  ' 

Feb .  5th.  1916. 

Mitsui  Company,  Limited , 

25  Madison  avenue , 

Lev;  fork  City. 

attention  of  lAr_.  Shunso  fakaki. 

Bear  .ir: 

Your  favor  of  tiie  fourth  instant  in 
regard  to  the  1’oluol  from  Mr.  Edison's  Canbria 
riant  has  been  reooived .  I  nov.  beg  to  confirm 
v;hut  I  told  you  over  the  telephone  this  morn- 
ins, namely ,  that  we  shall  be  unable  to  make  you 
any  proposition,  as  v.e  have  ulroady  disposed 
of  the  toluol  from  the  Cambria  riant  for  one  year. 

Yours  very  truly. 




fcth.  1916. 

Pov.ers-i.eiphtm&n-hotonparten  Co. , 

Ilinth  and  iarrish  streets, 

Ihiladolpnla,  i-a. 


:  eplyinr  to  your  favor  of  the  first  instant,  v.e  beg 
to  say  that  it  it  against  Ur-  Edison's  policy  to  give  to  any¬ 
one  exclusive  rights  of  sale  of  any  of  his  products.  It  v.ould 
be  especially  so  in  the  case  of  Iron  -y  hydrogen,  as  ve  are  not 
really  seeding  to  build  up  a  trado  in  this  material,  nor  do  we 
intend  to.  except  in  regard  to  our  excess.  V.e  make  a  large  quan¬ 
tity  for  our  own  requirements,  and  could  supply  a  certain  quan¬ 
tity  in  excess,  ..ithout  increasing  our  investment.  It  is  with 
regard  to  this  excess  that  wo  have  had  our  previous  correspond¬ 
ence  with  you. 

•,!r .  Kdison  did  think  that  ho  might  try  to  take  care  of 
a  larger  nroduetion,  but  scorns  to  think  now  that  tno  business  it 
not  sufficiently  attractive  at  the  prico. 

fours  very  truly. 

Edison  laboratory . 

lying  ution  yonr  word  that  at  least  six  hundred  tons  of  toluol  were 
to  be  delivered,  feeling  certain  that  no  better  security  could  be 

given  to  him  than  your  statement.  He  feels  that  he  was  justified 
in  relying  on  thi3  without  having  any  writing  covering  it.  If  you 
think  some  adjustment  of  this  matter  could  be  made  we  will  bo 
pleased  to  hear  from  you;  otherwise  we  will  bo  obliged  to  send  the 
oase  to  our  Ilew  Jersey  representative. 


February  11th.  1916. 

Mr.  Holden: 

1  hand  you  herev.ith  some  papers  rolating  to  a  matter 
on  which  Mr.  Edison  would  like  to  have  your  oarly  attention. 

In  connection  v.ith  them,  lot  rae  aako  the  following  statement 
of  facts.  In  the  early  part  of  February  last  year  a  Col.  J. 

1).  Davis  brought  and  introduced  to  Mr.  Edison  a  Mr.  Herbert 
lewis,  of  London,  who  opened  negotiations  with  M.  .  Edison  for 
the  Toluol  which  he  expected  to  make  at  the  Benzol  Plant  at 
that  time  in  course  of  erection  at  Johnstown,  Pa. 

These  negotiations  were  concunated  by  a  sale  to  the 
British  Government  through  J.  P.  Morgan  S:  Company  as  per  con¬ 
tract  contained  in  letters  1  and  2  hereto  attached.  The  ar¬ 
rangements  with  Mr.  Lewis  in  regard  to  commission,  and  in  re¬ 
gard  to  commission  to  be  paid  by  him  to  Col.  Davie  are  covered 
by  letters  3,4  and  b  hereto  attached. 

The  first  three  papers  attached  hereto  will  show  you 
the  turn  the  matter  has  takoa  at  this  time,  bill  you  please 
note  Mr.  Edison's  momoranda  on  these  three  letters,  and  proceed 
in  accordance  therewith.  If  you  write  to  Doe  Passos  Brothers, 
it  might  posBibly  be  well  to  let  us  see  your  proposed  letter  up 




February  14,  1916 

Messrs.  Dos  Pussos  Bros., 

120  Broadwuy, 

How  York,  II.  Y. 


Your  letter  of  the  7th  inst.  to  Mr.  Edison  relating 
to  the  alleged  clain  of  Mr.  Herbert  Levis  has  been  referred  to 
this  department.  Hr.  Edison  denies  that  he  ever  gave  Mr. 
Levis  any  assurance  that  the  quantity  of  toluol  to  be  sup¬ 
plied  to  Messrs.  J.  P.  Morgan  &  Company  would  amount  to  at 
least  six  hundred  tons.  Up  to  date,  26,672  gallons  of  toluol 
have  been  supplied  under  the  contract,  and  no  moro ,  and  Mr. 
Levis  has  been  paid,  olthor  directly  oi’  thro’.igh  the  Equitable 
Trust  Company  of  Ilew  York,  the  aura  of  .1420.60.  Mr.  Loris 
has  therefore  boon  paid  in  full  up  to  date  everything  due  him 
under  his  contract  with  Hr.  Edison,  and  I  am  unable  to  see 
that  he  has  any  further  claim. 

Yours  very  truly. 

General  Counsel 



- Juno  18  th,  191b - 

2  _ July  3rd,  1915 - 

3  _  "  28th,  1915 - 

4  _ Aug .  25th,  1915 - 

5  - Sept. 18th,  191b  — r - 

6  _ Oct.  both,  1915 - — 

5! _ Uov.  24  th,  1915 - 

B _ Jan.  13  th,  1916 - 

2 , 939v 










Jersey  City, 



(a)  Bureau  of  Supplies  &  Accounts  Itr. 23233  of  12— 24— 15* 
Phenol  -  date  on  which  monthly  deliveries  should  be  ready 
for  inspection  to  avoid  assessment  of  liquidated  dama¬ 


1.  While  inspecting  the  February  shipment  of  phenol  on 
Feb.  7th  Mr.  Kammerhoff  mentioned  to  me  the  matter  of  liquidated 
damages  which  had  been  assessed  your  company  for  the  delay  of  de¬ 
livery  due  Deo.  1st,  and  requested  that  I  inform  him  when  he  should 
have  the  material  ready  for  inspection  in  order  to  avoid  a  similar 

2.  Paragraph  1  of  reference  (a)  appears  to  me  to  cover 
this.  From  this  I  infer  that  the  monthly  deliveries  should  be  ready 
for  inspection  on  or  before  the  5th  of  each  month,  and  the  Inspector 
should  be  informed  sufficiently  in  advance  of  that  date  so  that  it 
will  be  possible  for  him  to  make  the  inspection  by  that  time.  This 
procedure  on  your  part  will  clear  you  from  the  assessment  of  liqui¬ 
dated  damages. 

3.  Should  the  Inspector  be  unable,  owing  to  other  Govern¬ 
ment  business,  to  appear  at  your  works  on  or  before  the  5th  of  each 
month,  after  he  had  been  duly  notified  that  material  was  ready  for 
inspection  on  or  before  that  date,  the  fault  would  lie  with  the 
Government  and  your  company  would  Tinder  these  circumstances  not  be 
checked  for  liquidated  damages.  When  such  occasions  arise,  the  In¬ 
spector  automatically  takes  up  the  matter  with  the  Properauthori- 
ties,  thus  preventing  the  assessment  of  liquidated  damages  and  sav- 
ing  the  company  any  correspondence  relating  thereto. 

4.  The  inspection  of  the  Feb.  shipment  is  a  case  in  point. 
The  Inspector  was  informed  by  messenger  early  Friday  Feb.  4th,  that 
the  material  was  ready  for  inspection.  He  was  unable  to  make  the  in¬ 
spection  before  Monday,  Feb.  7th.  She  Bureau  of  Supplies  and  Accounts 
will  be  informed  at  the  proper  time  of  this  faot,  and  you  will  not 

be  assessed  liquidated  damages  for  the  Feb.  shipment. 

5.  Will  you  kindly  give  Mr.  Kammerhoff  the  information  he 


desires  as  I  promised  to  let  him  know  hut  thought  it  better  to  take 
up  the  matter  directly  with  you. 


Lieut. Comdr.  U^TMavy, 
Haval  Inspector  of  Powder,  E.  C. 

Mr.  M.R.  Hutchison,  o/o 

laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.J. 





February  Sth.  191c 

lir.  Thomas  F.  Bdi; 

Edison  Laboratory, 
Crcnge,  :.J. 



Kindly  address  all  Further  t 
l  oclif;e, 

nications  toytffe  a'tfsft'odi /  VV 

.  cy  jk  \q°  y  f  / 

r-  fL~  Youra  trulY- 

p  V.  U  I^UHITED  PIECE  BYE  V-'ORKS,  t  5  vfCrj^  / 

'  I  'rLef^  -  ^  ^  " 

sip  *f  ,  “ 


Assistant  Treasurer. 



E  RiSquibb  &.  Sons, Nkw York 


Executive  Office 

Dear  J£r.  Edisoi 

In  your  favor  of  the  22nd  ult.  you  wrote  m« 
that  you  would  be  willing  to  sell  us  a  set  of  drawings 
for  a' plant  for  manufacturing  aniline  oil  as  you  do  it. 

V/e  have  wactioally  decided  to  take  up  this  product,  and 
1  shall  therefore  make  free  to  call  on  you  soon  for  ft 
conference  regarding  the  drawings.  Ueanwhile  would  you 
be  good  enough  tc  let  us  know  what  aniline  oil  oi  tne 
cual i tv  such  as  you  know  is  required  will  cost  per  pound 
by  your  process  on  the  basis  of  64f£  per  gallon  for  Benzol 
oiif.,  Barrett  specifications,  lOj-pT  per  pound  for  nitric 
acid  42  degrees,  and  $40  per  ton  for  sulphuric  acid  oo 
decrees.  We  presume  of  course,  that  the  raw  materials 

i  for 


In  view  of  the  rapidly  changing  market 
for  acids  and  Benzol  we  would  very  much  appreciate  a  reply 
from  you  at  your  very  earliest  convenience. 



dL — — 

February  10th.  1916. 

Mr.  Eammerhoff: 

Herewith  I  hand  you  copy  of  a  letter  from  Lieut. 
Kimberly  in  which  he  makes  explanation  in  regard  to  the  date  of 
delivery  and  notification  for  inspection,  uill  you  please  bo 
guided  by  tho  instructions  contained  in  his  letter. 

I  am  glad  of  one  thing,  and  that  is,  that  this 
differs  from  tho  ^rmy  shipments,  which  v;e  have  to  make  every  30 
days.  From  this  letter  it  appears  that  our  monthly  deliveries 
for  the  Davy  should  bo  ready  for  inspection  on  or  before  the 
Lth  or  each  month,  thus  giving  a  dofinite  date,  'i’hie  will  be 
helpful  for  us. 

V..  H.  UBADOuCfiOK. 


American  Oil  &  Supply  Co. 

Oils,  Greases,  Acids,  Chemicals 

52-54-56  Lafayet  te  Street 

Newark, X..JT.  Feb.  ioth,  i9if>. 

Thee.  A.  Edison,  Lab., 

West  Orange,  H.  J. 
liy  dear  Hr.  Edison: 

A  certain  friend  of  curs  has  an  idea 
that  he  is  a.  chemical  merchant  and  incidentally  the  king 
of  all  pertaining  to  Aniline  Oil.  I  don't  think  so 
myself.  I  am  enclooing  herewith  a  check  for  $855.00 
as  your  share  of  a  little  go  that  I  had  with  him. 

©lu'Jmmutlnf Olmmiuw  tb- 


Messrs  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc., 

Orange ,  N .  J. 

Dear  Sirs:-  _ _ _ 

Enclosed  is  a  clipping  from  this  morning's  Journal  of 
Commerce  which  no  doubt  will  be  of  interest  to  you.  I  am  desirous 
of  conducting  an  independent  investigation  as  to  the  prospects  for 
an  adequate  supply  of  dyes.  As  an  aid  in  this  direction,  will  you 
oblige  by  giving  me  such  facts  as  are  available  in  connection  with 
.  your  own  production,  and  especially  the  prospects  of  production? 

Any  suggestions  for  improving  the  dyestuff  situation 
will  also  be  highly  appreciated. 


cJtoAc  *<v-  \ 

•  —Its 

A  J  ~ 

K~*r5vw~  ^ 


.  ’  the  journal  c 

OF  COMMERCE  AND  ‘COMMERCIAL  BULLET  |  (November  marV-^ui..* j $ 

When  will  you  send  me  the  additional  contract  for  five  or  ten 
thousand  gallons  more  Benzol  per  month, contract  based  on  memo 
randum  agreement  signed  hy  Plummer  and  myself  iayhefore  he 
sailed  I  have  put  two  more  tank  cars  on  Sydney  se JTioe  h 
“wthii. cLPyou  let  me  have  still  more  in  addition  to  above 
commencing  May  first  at  fifty-nine  centB. 


Dilvor  I.ako,  H.  J. » 
February  11th,  1916. 

HA'flOK  TOR  Iin.  'i’ATBUlll. 

According  to  your  dirootions,  X  am  sending 
you  a  list  of  questions  put  up  by  Xtr.  Tatsumi,  and  my  answers 
thereto.  Please  let  mo  taow  if  these  emanations  are 
satisfactory  to  you,  so  that  X  may  torn  then  over  to  JSr. 
Tatoumi.  Eosidos,  tho  latter  has  received  a  sot  of  blue 
prints  of  our  apparatus,  tanks,  oto.,  as  far  as  such  drawings 
nrn  available. 

li.  ICAiailHOEF. 




(a)  I  liave  heard  from  you  that 
six  hours  la  required  for  one 
operation.  Then  can  wo  operate 
four  times  per  day  by  this  sul- 
phonating  pot? 

(b)  V/hat  quantities  or  Benzol 
and  Sulphuric  Acid  are  charged 
at  ono  time? 

(c)  I  think  Sulphonating  Pot 
Iiavo  been  acting  by  acid,  lie- 
pairs  must  bo  often  done,  isn't 

(d)  Are  cooling  and  heating 
necessary  in  sulphonating? 

(e)  How  do  you  detect  the  end 
point  of  Sulphonating? 

(f)  Ho v/  many  revolutions  por 
minute  has  the  Sulphonating  Pot? 


(a)  How  many  rotations  per  minuto 
has  tho  Calcium  Tank? 

(b)  How  do  you  deteot  the  end  point 
of  neutralization  point  by  Calcium? 

(o)  How  many  oapaoity  lias  tho 
Calolura  Tank? 

(a)  thu  jiilphonatlng  i>rocess  takas 
about  six  hours  if  98,j  Sulphuric  Acid 
is  used;  it  takes  about  eight  hours 
if  Fuming  Acid  i3  used. 

(b)  In  tho  Sulphonating  Process  wo 
use  350  pounds  of  Benzol,  plus  040 
pounds  of  Sulphuric  Acid  of  90$. 

Or  430  pounds  of  Bonzol,  plus  722 
pounds  of  Fuming  Acid. 

(c)  Hepair3  of  some  or  the  other  kind 
have  to  ho  frequently  made.  Fuming 
Acid,  however,  appears  to  be  more 
aggressive,  and  causing  more  repairs 
than  does  Sulphuric  Acid  of  93^j. 

(d)  It  is  necessary  to  provide  the 
sulphonating  kettle  with  steam  as  well 
as  with  water  connections,  tho  steam 
being  used  for  heating  —  the  water 
connection  for  cooling  purposes . 

(e)  During  the  Sulphonating  Process 
tho  operator  inserts  a  3mall  glass 
pipe  from  time  to  time,  closes  it  on 
the  other  end  by  his  finger,  takes  the 
pipe  out  of  the  kettle  and  3003  if  any 
free  Bonzol  is  loft  on  top  of  tho  Acid. 

(f)  Tho  stirrer  in  the  Sulphonating 
kottle  makes  about  sixty  revolutions 
per  minuto. 

(a)  Tho  stirrer  in  the  Calcium  Tank 
makes  about  25  revolutions  por  minuto. 

(b)  T/e  use  Litmus  Paper  in  order  to 
tost  whether  the  neutralization  has 
boon  carried  through. 

(c)  The  Calcium  Tank  ha3  a  oapaoity 
of  about  1575  gals.  We  put  in  it  at 
a  time  one  charge  coming  from  tho 
Sulphonating  kettle. 



(a)  Hov/  many  oapacity  has  the 
filter  press? 

(.b)  I  think  the  filter  press  i3 
suffioient  for  1  ton  plant  daily. 
How  do  you  think? 

(o)  Have  you  some  proposal  to 
pros 3  stronger  than  present  press¬ 
ing  in  order  to  prevent  the  loss 
of  Benzol  Sulphonate  solution? 


(a)  Are  the  soda  ash  tanks  quite 
same  as  Calcium  Carbonate  Tank? 

If  not  so,  please  tell  me  the  oap¬ 
acity  of  soda  ash  tank. 

(b)  How  many  revolutions  per  min¬ 
ute  has  the  soda  ash  tank? 

(c)  How  do  you  detect  the  end 
point  of  soda  ash  adding? 

(d)  Do  you  dilute  the  solution  of 
Benzol  Sulphonate  of  3oda  in  order 
to  decrease  the  loss  of  that  soda 
salt  with  Calcium  Carbonate? 


(a)  How  many  capacity  has  the 
evaporating  pan? 

(b)  At  what  degree  of  concentra¬ 
tion  do  you  change  the  solution 
into  the  drying  pan? 

(a)  One  press  has  a  oapacity  of  32 
cubic  foot  in  48  frames  of  36  inohes 
by  36  inches  aquare.  It  is  largo 
onoughto  receive  one  batch  from  the 
Calcium  Tank. 

(b)  For  a  production  of  2000  lbs.  of 
P.  Phenol  a  day,  I  think  it  wise  to 
have  two  presses,  one  of  which  servos 
as  reserve.  If  one  presB  only  is  in¬ 
stalled,  there  should  bo  as  a  kind  of 
reserve  »  second  complete  sot  of  plates, 

(c)  For  forcing  the  solution  out  of 
the  press  we  are  using  pressed  air  of 
between  40  and  50  lbs.  pressure  per 
square  inch.  So  far  as  we  have  found 
out,  it  would  help  very  little  to  use 
still  higher  air  pressure.  At  present 
wo  do  not  know  of  a  better  method  to 
get  the  solution  soparatedfrom  the 

(a)  The  tank  has  a  capacity  of  1660 
gals.  I  advise  using  a  steel  tank  in¬ 
stead  of  a  wooden  tank. 

(b)  The  stirrer  makes  about  ten 
revolutions  por  minute. 

(o)  We  test  the  process  of  decompos¬ 
ition  with  Litmus  Paper. 

(d)  One  batch  in  a  Sulphonating  kettlo 
consisting  of  350  pounds  of  Benzol  takes 
200  to  210  lbs.  of  Soda  Ash,  the  latter 
being  dissolved  in  about  100  gal3.  of 
water, and  then  mined  with  the  solution 
in  the  tank  where  the  decomposition 
tako3  place,  the  solution  coming  from 
the  press,  boing  lime  Benzol  Sulphonato. 

(a)  One  evaporating  tank  has  about  1100 
gals,  oapacity.  I  advise  using  steel 
tanks  instead  of  wooden  tanks. 

(b)  We  boil  the  solution  down  so  far 
that  it  just  can  be  pumpod  over  into 
the  drying  tanks,  its  spaoifio  gravity 
boing  about  1100  at  40°  Centigrade. 

(o)  How  many  capacity  has  the  (o)  Tha  tanJc  a  oapaoity  of 

drying  pan?  about  1550  Gals. 



(a)  How  many  quantity  of  Caustic 
Soda,  the  soda  salt  'of  henzol  sul- 
phonate  and  water  are  chargod  in 
the  melting  pot  at  one  time? 

(h)  How  do  you  detoot  the  finish¬ 
ing  point  of  Alkali  Fusion? 

{o)  I  want  to  know  the  temperature 
of  each  half  an  hour  during  the  whole 
operation  of  Alkali  Fusion. 

(d)  How  many  time  io  required  to 
alkali  fusion?  If  poesihlo,  I  want 
to  know  the  separate  hours  of  charg¬ 
ing  (1J  , and  molting  of  oau3tio  soda, 
charging  and  molting  of  soda  salt  of 
Benzol  Sulphonate  and  discharging 
of  melted  mass. 

(o)  ilr.  Adison  aaid  to  me  one  day 
that  the  fused  mass  solidly  at  some  time. 
I  want  to  know  the  roason,  and  would 
like  to  hear  your  opinion  to  prevent 
such  results. 

(f)  How  much  power  is  required  to 
each  molting  pot? 

(a)  V/e  fuse  1150  lhs.  of  Cau3tio  Soda 
with  1650,  lhs.  of  Sodium  Salt  of  Benzol 
Sulphonlc  Acid,  adding  30  to  40  Liters 
of  water  to  a  hatch. 

(b)  Hie  tomporaturo  during  the  Fusing 
Process  rises  to  about  327°  Centigrade, 
or  620°  Fahr.  It  should  not  go  over 
330°  Contigrado.  She  total  time  for  a 
normal  ohsrge  is  slightly  over  0  hours. 

(c  and  d)  X  would  advise  that  you, 
yourself,  watch  the  Fusing  Process  and 
the  number  of  batchoa  closely,  so  as  to 
get  acquainted  with  it.  As  you  further¬ 
more  intend  to  buy  a  recording  instru¬ 
ment  and  attach  it  to  ono  of  the  Fusing 
kettles,  you  will  get  the  desired  de¬ 

(u)  trouble  can  arise  if  the  tompora¬ 
turo  io  not  kept  high  enough,  it  is 
necessary  to  discharge  the  Fusing  kettle 
at  a  tempo  nature  not  lower  tiian  250° 
Centigrade,  as  otherwise  the  fU3od 
product  starts  becoming  hardened. 

(f)  .Vo  drive  the  stirrer  in  the  Fusing 
kettle  by  a  3  horse-power  motor. 


(a)  1  have  known  by  your  kind  answer 

that  you  are  using  90%  Sulphuric  Acid 
diluted  to  1.300  specific  gravity.  I 
would  like  to  know  al3c  the  spocifio 
gravity  of  solution  of  Sodium  Plicnolatc 

(a)  V/o  do  not  tost  tho  specific  grav¬ 
ity  of  tho  mixture  in  tho  neutralizing 
tanke.  It  would  be  very  difficult  to 
got  any  dependable  results  regard  to 
ai.ooifio  gravity,  as  Ik.  iultrr  is 
changing  constantly,  :eid  varies  accord¬ 
ing  to  the  more  or  loss  dissolved 
ihenolato,  tho  she  no  la  to  constantly 
striving  to  settle  down. 

(b)  I  think  that  the  neutralization 
is  very  important  point,  although  it 
seems  very  simple.  Is  there  a  special 
method  for  neutralization  to  increase 
the  yield  of  phenol? 

(c)  How  do  you  detect 
of  neutralization? 

(b)  I  do  not  know  any  special  method 
to  inereaso  the  yield  of  ihenol  from 
the  neutralizing  process. 


(a)  I  would  like  to  know  such 
composition  of  Crude  Phonol  ao 
wator,  lure  Phenol,  higher  Phenol 
anti  the  othor  impurities. 

(b)  Hov/  many  pounds  of  Crude 
Phenol  are  charged  to  oaoh  still? 

Uow  many  pounds  of  Pure 
Phenol  can  you  make  from  each 
still  for  one  ciiarge? 

(c)  I  think  that  the  re3iduo  of 
still  after  distilled  all  Pure 
Phenol  and  the  first  running  of 
distillation  contain  some  quantity 
of  Pure  Phono 1. 

What  method  are  you  taking  to 
recover  the  above  Pure  phenol? 

(a)  'i’ho  Crude  Phenol  contains  about 
17$  of  wator  and  about  02,1  of  P.  Phenol, 
whilst  the  remaining  1$  is  rssidue. 

(b)  Our  large  Vacuum  Still  can  be 
oluirged  with  up  to  10,000  lbs.  of  Crude 
Phenol,  v/hllst  the  small  atill3  tak9  up 
to  2,000  lbs.  of  Crude  Phenol.  Tito 
direct  yield  of  P.  Phenol  i3  about  62$. 

(c)  During  each  charge  of  our  distill¬ 
ing  apparatus,  we  first  drive  off  under 
atmospheric  pressure  tho  so-oalled  steam 
heads,  containing  mostly  water.  In 
order  to  avoid  any  los3  of  P.  Phonol 
contained  in  this  water  wo  use  the  latter 
in  our  neutralizing  procoss  for  dissolv¬ 
ing  the  Phono  late. 

After  the  steam  heads  are  driven  off 
we  get  so-called  "vacuum  heads" ,  distillod 
over  under  vacuum,  containing  P,  phonol 
and  some  water.  Those  Vacuum  Hoad3  are 
added  to  the  Crude  Phonol  in  the  no:ct 
ciiarge  of  the  Distilling  apparatus. 

Tlie  residue  remaining  in  the  kettle 
after  the  P.  Phenol  is  distilled  over,  is 
stored  and  will  bo  re-distilled  when  we 
have  enough  of  it  on  hand  to  dispose  of  it. 
The  test  which  we  have  made  with  re¬ 
distilling  this  residue  shows  that  it  con¬ 
tains  some  P.  Phenol  and  some  other  matter, 
distilling  over  at  above  220°  Centigrade, 
consisting  of  probably  soma  kind  of 
naphthaline.  About  50$  of  tho  Residue 
consists  of  Pitch,  whioh  hardly  is  of  any 
value . 

(d)  How  do  you  detect  the  point  that 
P.  Phenol  begin  to  distill? 

(e)  1  observed  that  the  distilling 

of  Phenol  become  brown.  Itow  do  you 
remedy  that  condition?  If  there  are 
some  methods  to  prevent  such  bad  re¬ 
sults,  please  tell  me  those  methods. 

(d)  The  operator  of  the  distilling  appar¬ 
atus  must  learn  by  experience  how  to 
handle  it.  Steam  Heads  should  be  driven 
off  under  atmospheric  pressure  at  a  tem¬ 
perature  rising  up  to  about  115  or  120 
degrees  Centigrade.  At  a  vaouura  of,  for 
instance,  26  inches,  the  changing  over 
from  Vaouura  Heads  to  Phenol  Crystals 
takes  place  at  about  125°  Centigrade. 

(e)  There  ie  no  danger  of  getting  color¬ 
ed  P.  Phanol  as  long  as  the  operator 
keeps  the  kettle  and  tanks  properly 
cleaned,  provided,  furthermore,  that  the 
Phenol  oyr8tals  are  not  distilled  over 

at  too  high  speed.  Kettle  and  receiving 
tanks  made  from  copper  give  better  results 
than  those  made  from  steel,  as  the  latter 
are  more  easily  attacked  by  the  Sulphurous 


(o)  (Continued)  Gas  contained  in  the  Crude  Phenol,  and  as 

even  small  particles,  of  scale  from  the 
steel  tanks  tond  to  discolor  the  'Phenol 


(a)  Y/hat  materials  are  you  analyz¬ 
ing  daily?  I  would  like  to  know  those 
rn«  and  the  all  results  of  a  few  day3. 

(a)  Y/e  are  testing  dally  in  our  Laboratory; 

lot.  Each  hatch  in  operation  1  from 
the  Sulphonat ing  pots.  The  speoific  gravity 
of  the  Benzol  Sulphonio  Acid  should  not  be 
higher  than  500  Boaume,  there  should  be  no 
free  Benzol. 

2nd.  Operation  5.  Sodium  Salt, of 
Benzol  Sulphonio  Acid.  The  Sodium  Salt 
should  be  as  dry  as  possible,  we  allow  not 
more  than  a  maximum  of  4;$  of  water,  but  have 
mostly  considerably  loss.  There  should,  fur¬ 
thermore  be  an  excess  of  Na2C03  of  not  more 
than  1$. 

3rd.  Sodium  Ihonolate.  Y/e  make  a 
test  of  each  batch  coming  from  the  Fusing 
kettles,  taking  170  grams  and  neutralizing 
it,  allowing  as  maximum  10,. $  Residue,  expect¬ 
ing  not  less  than  50  cubic  centimotres  of 
Crude  Phonal. 

4th.  Crude  Phenol.  From  the  un¬ 
settled  Crude  Phenol  we  take  100  cubic  centi¬ 
metres,  allowing  not  more  than  4>$  of  Residue. 

5th.  P.  Phenol.  Y/e  test  color  and 
crystalizing  point  from  each  batch  from  the 
distilling  apparatus,  allowing  not  less  than 
38°  Centigrade  as  crystalizing  point.  See 
copies  of  our  daily  test  of  Januury  24th, 
2oth  nwl  Dooomber  31st,  1916. 


The  consumption  of  Sulphuric  Acid 
and  Caustio  Soda  in  Sulphonization 
of  Benzol  reap.  Alkali  Fusion  are 
more  than  2  times  of  theoretical 
necessary  quantities^  Have  you  any 
proposal  to  decrease  the  consump¬ 
tion  which  will  succeed  in  near 

The  proportions  havo  boon  sottled  after  mak¬ 
ing  numerous  experiments.  If  wo  altor  tnem 
we  are  not  sure  of  success. 

I  beg  t 

s  far  ; 

.  our  analyses  show,  wo  lo^ibout  jry 
Operations  1  to  6  by  oarrying  oyerT?/^ 

oneration 'gradually.  I  was  inform-Z^So'dium  Salt  of  Bonzol  Sulphonio  Acid,  whilst 
ed  the  yield  of  P.  C.  Phenol  io  5.3\  the  rest  is  lo3t  by  transferring  Sodium  Salt 
lb.  from  one  gallon  of  Bonzol,  that  into  P.  Hionol. 
is,  60;$  yield  from  Bonzol  for  the 
theoretical  one.  (As  you  know,  the 
theoretical  yield  of  Phenol  is  about 
120,$  for  Benzol  by  weight). 

I  would  like  to  know  the  I033  in  eaoh 
operation  of  Phenol  making.  (The 
total  loos  of  each  operation  is  40/i 
fpr  theoretical  one). 


12.  Morons 

(a)  You  aro  using  Individual 
motor  for  oach  maoliina.  I  think 
that  thia  system  la  vary  oonvon- 
iont,  hut  I  think  alao  that  using 
of  3uni/miri20ii  motor  Is  cheaper 
oo3t,  although  somewhat  inconvon- 
iont.  How  do  you  think? 

(a)  Tho  quoation  whether  each  machine 
should  ba  driven  by  a  separata  .no tor,  or 
whothor  a  number  of  machines  ought  to  bo 
connoctod  together  to  ono  inotor  ,  has  o 
bo  answered  individually  in  oacn  ca30. 

It  lias  hardly  anything  to  do  with  tno 
choniical  problom. 

If  coat  of  motors  and  of  onrrant  ia 
comparatively  high,  there .certainly  are 
..,1  where  it  i3  bettor  to  connect  a 
number  of  machine a  to  one  motor  instead  of 
driving  oach  apparatus  by  a  special  motoi. 
In  America,  however,  where  motora  ana 
current  are  cheap,  it  appears  to  be  more 
advantageous  to  use  separate  motors,  in 
that  way  avoiding  bolts,  friction^- 
couplings  and  transmission  shafts,  which 
cau30  more  reoairs  and  interruption.  In¬ 
jure  laborers’,  not  to  mention  dangors 
censed  by  sparks  from  mechanical  friction, 
such  sparks  being  able  to  explode  eon-,ol 


orial  v 

-,i03  of  our  daily  !*»->•■  «- 
rd  and  24th  of  January,  1916 
tho  way  wo  hoop  track^of  ^tiv 


quantity  of  2ou;:ol, 
aoatono  and  Soda  Ash  is 
d  by  the  foreman.  Tho  same  is  the 
case  in  the  Fusing  and  neutralising  Process. 
The  report  of  the  distilling  apparatus  showa 
tho  Yield  of  eaoh  chareo  regarding  atoam^ 
heads,  vacuum-heads,  P.  Phenol  and  Residue. 

In  order  to  avoid  greater  looses  which 
might  bo  caused  by  broken  pipes,  leaking 
tanks,  etc.,  we  make.besidea  the  monthly  in¬ 
ventory  a  rough  inventory  every  Sunday, 
comparing  tho  production  of  the  Previous 
weokwith  the  total  consumption  of  materials 

NVm.A.Kkaij  Jfc  Co. 


jwvohk.  February  11,1916 

Dear  Ilr-  Ueadowcraft: 

Confirming  my  telephone  conver¬ 
sation  with  you  I  wish  to  give  you  the  following  mem- 

I  talked  with  the  Milwaukee  Coke  uc  Gas  Co*  and 
the  northwestern  Iron  Company  over  the  telephone  this 
afternoon  about  the  extension  of  Ur.  Kdison's  contract 
for  henzol  from  their  expiration  to  the  end  of  191b. 

Though  neither  Company  is  in  a  position  to  state  at  this 
time  that  they  can  extend  his  contract  they  made  the 
following  statement  to  me. 

They  are  desirous  and  intend  to  do  everything  they 
can  to  take  care  of  Ur.  Ddisons  requirements , and  the  only 
reason  they  cannot  say  that  they  can  do  this  is  that  their 
own  requirements  for  benzol  in  their  refining  plants  are 
somewhat  uncertain, and  they  are  not  positive  v/hat  exact 
amount  they  will  have  available.  At  present  they  think  they 
will  be  able  to  take  care  of  Ur.  i-Idison's  entire  requirement 
to  the  extent  of  1,000  gallons  per  day  for  the  rest  of  this 
year .with  the  possible  expectation  of  a  shortage  occur ing 
during  July  and  part  of  August. 

They  will  not  sell  any  benzol  whatever  for  the  second 
half  of  this  year  without  first  offering  it  to  Mr.  Mdison 
and  they  will  not  increase  their  own  consumptive  requirement 
without  weighing  v  ry  carefully  in  their  minds  the  effect 
this  this  might  have  on  their  ability  to  take  care  of  i.Ir. 
^dison.  In  other  words  you  are  their  favoreu  customer, and  as 
it  looks  at  present  will  be  their  only  customer, for  they  will 
allow  all  other  contracts  to  expire  so  that  they  may  be  able 
to  give  you  as  much  benzol  as  possible. 

Wm.  H.  Ueadowcraft ,Esq. 

I  shall  he  very  glad  to  keep  you  Informed 
from  time  to  time  as  to  the  situation. 

With  kind  personal  regard s,l  am 
Very  truly  yours. 

Wm.  E.  Ueadowcraft ,Esq. 
Orange,  M.J. 



Silver  Lake.  N.  J.,  Teh.  12,  lS-ld. 

Mr.  W.  H.  Meadowcroft, 


Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft : - 

Much  annoyance,  delay  and  inconvenience  has  been  and  is  be¬ 
ing  experienced  by  these  divisions  due  to  the  telephone  service 
rendered  us  through  the  switch-board  in  the  Chemical  Works.  The 
business  of  the  superintendents  of  the  plants,  Mr.  Mason  and  the 
office  here  is  being  subjected  to  the  convenience  of  the  other 
divisions,  and  after  consultation  with  those  above  mentioned,  it 
has  been  deemed  advisable  to  install  a  two-trunk  line  six  exten¬ 
sion  switch-board  here  with  a  connecting  line  to  the  Chemical 
V/orks,  which  we  can  operate  without  the  acquisition  of  additional 
help  and  at  no  greater  cost  than  now  is  imposed  upon  us,  but 
with  greater  efficiency  in  service. 

If  necessary,  will  you  be  so  kind  as  to  present  this  to  Mr. 
Edison  for  his  decision  in  the  matter. 

February  12th.  1916. 

X  am  dictating  this  memorandum  simply  as  a  reminder.  On 
February  10th  Ur.  Takaki  telephoned  that  he  had  an  offer  for 
Woodward  Toluol  for  the  year  1917  at  a  price  which  would  net 
$2. 8b  per  gallon,  the  quantity  to  be  120  gallons  per  day,  more 
or  less.  Mr.  Takaki  asked  me  to  ascertain  from  Mr.  Edison 
whether  or  not  he  would  advise  the  acceptance  of  this  offer, 
which  had  been  made  in  behalf  of  the  Italian  Government. 

I  spoke  to  ilr.  Edison  about  it,  and  he  said  that  we  could 
probably  get  a  better  price  froraDu  Font  and  suggested  that  I 
call  up  V..  £.  Carpenter,  Jr.  I  did  so,  and  Mr.  Carpenter  told 
me  that  they  were  not  making  any  contracts  for  Toluol  for  the 
year  1917. 

I  told  Mr.  Edison  about  this,  and  asked  him  whether  he 
would  advise  Mr.  Takaki  to  accept  the  other  offer.  Mr.  Edison 
said  that  it  would  be  all  right  to  do  so  provided  that  Mr. 
Takaki  in  making  his  contractsmade  them  with  absolutely  reli¬ 
able  and  responsible  people  so  that  there  would  be  no  doubt 
whatever  about  the  material  being  taken  and  paid  for.  I  tele¬ 
phoned  Mr.  Takaki  to  this  effect  on  February  11th,  and  laid 
a  great  deal  of  emphasis  upon  it. 

V..  H.  MEaDOV, CROFT. 



Mr.  Miller: 

.February  14th.  1916 


Binney  i.  Smith  called  mcj/up  on  the  telephone 
today  and  asked  if  v.e  would  accept  an  order  for  10,000 
pounds  of  Iron  by  Hydrogen,  to  be  distributed  in  equal 
shipments  over  the  remainder  of  this  year.  I  told  them 

that  v.e  would  no 
package  charges", 
later .  such  an  order  at  35  cents,  plus 
i'hcy  said  they  v.ould  sond  the  order  >  long 


February  14th.  1916, 

Mr.  Miller: 

Enclosed  I  J<eg  to  hand  you  letter  of  lowers- 
fteightman-r.osengarteil  Company  dated  February  12th,  {together 
with  their' order  #9I6A  for  1,000  pounds /of  Iron  by  Hydrogen, 
to  which  please  gi/e  your  kind  attention. 

For  iouj*  information  I  am  also  enclosing  copy  of 
our  letter  to  them  of  February  5th.  /  ^ 

^  ■ 

.  MEiiDOVi DKOFT .  iLy 

Fob.  14th.  1916. 

Me ko el on  d  bobbins, 

91  Fulton  Street, 

Hot.  York  City. 

Gontlomcn : 

Eeforrinp  to  your  favor  of  the  third 
instant  in  ropara  to  1,000  pounds  of  Crystal 
Carbolic  acid  per  duy  from  May  1st  to  December 
31st,  191o ,  v.e  bep  to  say  that  v.e  v.ould  not  care 
to  undertake  the  puarantoe  you  mention. 

Youra  very  truly. 

Edison  Laboratory. 

Feb.  14th.  1910. 

United  rieco  Dye  Works, 
l$di,  11.  J. 

Gentlemen : 


Your  favor  or  the  ninth  instant  has 
been  received  laid  before  lir.  Idison. 

Ho  requests  us  to  say  that  v.c  are  antemplat- 
inp  an  addition  -o  oux  products  of  i-aranitro- 
phenol,  Or thonitro phenol,  and  Paruniico  phenol, 
but  just  at  the  moment  v:o  cannot  say  for  sure 
that  we  will  do  so.  ..e  will  advise  you  later 
on  this  subject. 

Yours  very  truly, 

lidison  laboratory. 

steel  Cities  Chemical  Company 


Birmingham.  Ala..  Peb .  14 , 19^M  *  ^ 


£5 is on  Laboratory, 

Orange,  Vi.  3. 

/.  i' V 


—  <T  rtZ  kP* 

With  apologies  for  delaying  answer  to  you^ 
valued  favor  of  the  1st  inquiring  for  Sulphuric  ^d  djcup  _ 
your  benzol  Plant  at  Woodward . 

V/e  beg  to  inquire  what  terra  contract  you  would  want 
to  make.  We  are  supplying  the  Woodward  Iron  Co.  on  term 
contract  about  one  ton  per  day  of  66  Be.  Beaume  Acid  at 
this  time.  is  this  about  the  quantity  you  would  want? 

We  are  very  limited  in  what  we  have  to  offer. 

Yours  very^j 

ires  Chemical  Co. 

/  zfJ/lAA _ Brest. 

/7  f^«% 

fEMbtMHK  ^<-W* 

"ty»w,>j/<v/''./y,/ii*y.  1X2,  St.  James  Street, 


'"  " ltir~fiir,/. 

Montreal,  Que., 

15th  February  1916. 

Thos  .  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  Wew  Jersey. 


ling  ou)5 


Dear  Sir: 

Confirming  out  message  of  this  date,  we  hog  to 
advise  you  that  we  ere  preparing  contract  along  the  lines 
discussed  between  yourself  end  Mr.  Plummer. 

Tinder  the  existing  will  not  be 
possible  for  us  to  undertake  shipment  of  more  than  25,000 
gallons  monthly  in  all  for  your  account,  from  now  until  the 
end  of  the  present  year. 

We  hope  that  the  documents  which  we  are  now 
working  on  will  be  satisfactory,  and  in  the  meantime, 

Yours  faithfully, 

McKesson  &  robbins 


f]  ...  e  ->  iun**.  Cta-w,** 

\  JLft-urw  **  ‘-'i  fs 

February  1G ,  1916. 

%tE  (\u*  3  !  K 

Uli  d  *M';. 

br  (lv>^  v^Olc^ 

V/o  have  your  favor  of  the  14tli  and  note  that  yot£ 
cannot  guarantee  to  maintain  the  quality  of  the  CHYSTAI 
CARBOLIC  ACID  which  you  offer  us  on  contract  from  I.Iay  to  ~ 

December.  Kindly  let  us  know  if  possible  what  you  will  guar¬ 
antee  in  regard  to  quality  and  oblige 

Yours  very  truly, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  If.  J. 

Gentl  emen: 

,70  V 

..  Vl1 

£V  I 

4  *"  ,rV  ^  “'-’I 

L  '<  lC"  :  j*  . 

^'1  *.  i11''  1  <> 

<VV‘‘  fn^a</Cr  ^  / 

4^  1  /v1' 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Company 

STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  February  17,  1916. 

Mr.  Win.  H.  ITesdcwcrcft , 

Edlecn  Laboratory, 

Orange,  II.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Meadcworcft : - 

I  beg  herewith  tc  hand  ycu  a  letter 
from  Mr.  Frank  C.  Roberta,  which  explains  itself. 

Please  take  the  matter  up  with  Mr. 

Edison  and  write  Mr.  Heberts  direct  whatever  Mr.  Edison 
cheeses  tc  say. 

Ycurs  very  truly, 




7  <JLA^  ~ 


H.£>  OJBdX*' 




Philadelphia,  pa . February  16,  1916. 

MR.  W.  S.  MALLORY, 

College  Hill, 

Easton,  Penna. 

My  dear  Mr.  Mallory 

I  am  anxious  to  learn  something  of  what  you  and 
Mr.  Edison  think  of-  Mr.  Leopold  Barron,  Vice-President 
and  General  Manager  of  the  Carbolite  Chemical  Company, 

120  Broadway,  Hew  York,  N.  Y.  I  understand  that  Mr. 
Barron  claimB  to  be  an  expert  on  Coal  Tar  and  its 
derivatives  and  I  am  told  that  he  states  that  he  has 
put  up  a  plant  for  Mr.  Edison. 

One  of  my  clients  contemplates  engaging  the  services 
of  an  expert  along  this  line  and  Mr.  Barron  has  been 
suggested.  If  you  will  be  good  enough  to  let  me  hear 
from  you  in  the  matter,  I  will  be  extremely  obliged. 

With  kind  regardB ,  I  am 


//A  //ts/Ah/f  <r//f(fr*r. 





i  i  \ 

T~~J-  \ 


February  17,  0/ .  6.1 

i  1 5 

4  Thomas  A.  - 

^Orange,  II .  J. 

t  ^  3  ■ 

4  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc. 
$4-<  InTOTiM.  IT.  .T. 

Attention  of  !.'.r.  W.  H.  Meadowcrof t_._ 



'5  3  Mr.  Tatsumi  telle  me  that  you  make  in 

^  ^  your  Phenol  Plant  the  following  articles,  as  the  inter- 
Sj£  A'f  mediate  produo ts 5“ 

i  1,  Soda  Salt  of  Benzol  Sulphuric  Add. 

3.  Crushed  Cake  of  Phenol  Soda, 

Will  you  kindly  sell  ue  300  to  300  poundB  of 
each  of  the  above  two  for  immediate  shipment? 

Will  send  your  Mr.  Meadoworoft  the  shipping 

instructions  an  f 

i  as  you  advise  me  you  oan  spare. 
Yours  very  truly. 




WoojmvAui*  IiiOA  Compastt 

IVOODWVRD.AlA.  February  18,  1916. 

Ilr.  Chomas  A.  Edison, 

Ur.  II.  F.  I-Iiller,  Secretary, 
Or  -.nge ,  II  •  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

\ie  enclose  herewith  statement  of  account 
sho~in«T  shipments  of  benzol,  toluol,  etc. ,  for  the  months 
of  December' ana  January  aggregating  *17,376.15.  he  also 
enclose  state; vent  of  your  general  account  to  January  31st 
amounting  to  $11 ,841. 39.  he  enclose,  also,  expense  bills 

oaid  for  your  account  for  November,  December  and  January. 

■Jo  anticipate  making  some  heavy  payments  on 
obligations  due  about  the  25th  and  make  a  special  request 
of  you  that  you  kindly  let  ub  iiave  your  oneofc  for  all  oi 
the  general  account  and  December  shipments  of  benzol,  etc. , 
if  possible,  before  that  date,  in  order  that  v.e  may  ^mov; 
lust  what  to  expect.  V/e  will  appreciate  your  writing  us 
by  return  mail  whether  or  not  you  can  forward  us  your 
check  for  this  amount.  If  there  are  any  items  on  oho 
bill  for  which  you  have  not  detailed  charges  please  advise 
us  and  we  will  forward  sane  promptly. 


F.  W.  Myers  &  Go. 


Forwarding  and  Insurance 


uj  jV'-  18,  .19.16. 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:  - - 

Mr.  He  Baughton,  of  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co., 
telephoned  me  yesterday  that  the  company  had  under  oonsider- 
ation  a  new  contract  with  you  for  an  additional  supply  oi 
henzol  ana  asked  whether  or  not  a  change  in  your  contract 
would  effect  the  amount  of  duty  assessed,  and  I  told  him  that 
so  long  as  we  were  paying  duty  on  the  wholesale  market  value 
the  contract  could  not  in  any  way  affect  such  value;  I  inci¬ 
dentally  inquired  as  to  whether  they  were  making  sales  for 
consumption  in  Canada,  and  he  stated  that  the  amountB  were 
negligible  and  not  in  wholesale  quantities,  therefore  it  seems 
to  be  proper  to  advance  the  invoice  value  to  meet  market 
conditions  in  the  United  States,  making  proper  deductions  for 
freight,  duty  and  other  nondutiable  charges. 

As  you  know,  we  have  been  making  additions  to  your 
invoices  to  make  the  price  at  Sydney  59-jbr,  and  so  far  our  entries 
have  been  passed  at  that  valuation,  but  recently  there  was  a 
shipment  of  benzol  from  the  Toronto  Chemical  Co.  which  was 
entered  at  the  port  of  Buffalo  and  the  Local  Appraiser  advanced 
value  to  62 fa,  based,  as  I  understand  it,  opon  the  value  of  a 

former  shipment  via  Buffalo  to  New  York  for  export  to  Genoa; 

T.  A.  1C.  #2 

I  mentioned  this  ease  to  Ur.  Mo  Naughton  and  he  tells  me  that  Mr. 
Plummer  is  the  President  of  the  Toronto  Chemioal  Co.,  which  is, 
no  I  understand,  controlling  the  output  of  the  Sault  8te  Marie 
plant, and  that  the  price  62 iff  was  the  deligered  price  at  How  York. 

A  request  for  reappraisement  was  filed  in  this  case, 
the  matter  came  before  thB  U.  S.  General  Appraiser  ot  Hew  York 
and  when  the  case  was  called  there  was  no  appearance  for  the 
importer,  and  as  a  matter  of  course,  the  advance  made  by  the 
Appraiser  at  Buffalo  was  sustained,  and  ns  matters  now  stand 
the  records  show  a  market  value  in  Canada  of  62^  in  the  month 
of  Hov.  1915. 

It  is  advisable  that  you  keep  a  very  close  watch  on 
'  the  market  price  in  the  United  States,  and  advise  us  from  time 
to  time,  when  there  iB  any  material  change  in  this  price,  so 
that  we  may  add  or  deduct,  as  the  case  may  be,  from  the  invoice 
s  price  to  make  the  actual  market  price. 

Yours  vciy  truly, 


February  19th.  1916 

Mr.  Edison: 

AS  per  your  directions,  1  have  investigated  the  charges 
against  E.  B.  Badger  A  Sons  Company  for  the  changes  v;hich  were  made 
on  the  two  Phenol  Stills  in  order  to  make  them  work  satisfactorily, 
and  have  arrived  at  the  following  conclusions. 

The  charges  due  to  changes  on  Carbolic  Still  in  Ho .  1 
plant  as  shown  in  Mr.  Meadowcrof t ' s  letter  of  January  19th  are  cor- 

The  charges  on  Still  for  Ho.  2  plant  are  correct  with 
the  exception  that  one  bill  for  copner  pipe  from  Merchant  &  Evans 
for  $192.51  was  included  through  a  clerical  error.  3y  deducting 
this  we  have  the  correct  charge  of  $1,567.43. 

When  Stills  were  received  they  had  each  a  fractionating 
column  and  dephlegmator  and  condensor.  after  trying  them  out  it 
was  found  that  the  fractionating  column  was  totally  unfitted  for 
such  work  and  it  was  discarded  in  both  plants  but  before  being 
discarded,  the  column  on  Ho.  2  plant  Still,  however,  had  not  been 
provided  with  drips,  these  were  later  forwarded  by  Badger  people. 
Column  was  taken  down  and  drips  fitted  in,  later  it  was  found 
that  these  drips  were  not  in  correctly,  then  one  of  Badger's  men 
came  and  we  supplied  labor  to  take  columns  down  again  and  refit 
with  d-flps,  then  it  was  found  that  the  dephlegmator  and  column  were 
not  necessary  and  that  condensor  was  totally  inadequate  to  do  the 
work  required. 

Then  the  condensor  from  Ho.  2  plant  was  sent  to  Ho.  1 
plant,  so  it  could  be  started  in  operation,  and  it  was  necessary 
to  provide  an  entirely  new  condensing  apparatus  for  Ho.  2  Still. 
Copper  coils  were  purchased  for  this  and  a  larger  condensing  sur¬ 
face  was  arranged  for.  A  large  copper  pipe  with  connections  to 
the  three  new  condensors  was  made  and  installed. 

In  addition  to  the  above  the  bottles  broke  rapidly.  These 
had  to  be  replaced  by  a  different  type  brass  bottle.  It  is  very 
evident  that  the  Badger  people  were  not  familiar  with  the  distilla¬ 
tion  of  Carbolic  acid,  for  if  they  were,  I  cannot  understand  why 
they  should  have  provided  the  fractionating  column  dephlegmator, 
and  the  very  small  condensor.  As  I  understand  the  arrangement,  the 
Badger  people  were  to  furnish  two  Stills  capable  of  producing  4,000 
pounds  each  of  pure  Phenol  per  day.  The  Stills  as  received  were 
entirely  unfitted  for  this  work  and  it  was  necessary  to  make  the 
changes  mentioned  above  and  make  them  quick  so  as  to  start  produc¬ 

It  seems  to  me  that  these  charges  for  labor  and  material 
are  a  small  part  of  the  actual  expense  you  were  put  to  on  account 
.  of  the  failure  of  the  Badger  people  to  furnish  Stills  in  accordance 

^^5 r>U/M 


i’urtiior  with  roferonco  to  bonsol  sated  ttod  by  hr. 

A.  Otto  of  .'ittoburgs 

Mr.  Otto,  while  advising  that  his  peo.ilo  would  not 
consider  a  contract  for  191G  only  at  any  a-icc,  new  Offers 
1,000,000  Gallons  at  GG^.  j?it tsburyh,  for  delivery  bcl'oro 
SoptorAer  1,  1917,  at  the  rate  of  anoroniiratcly  2,000  gal¬ 
lons  icr  day  coi.t-encinG  --ijril  lot.  I  have  stated  to  ..*» 
Otto  that  if  you  aro  interested  in  this  we  will  coranunicate 

with  : 


1U  Mf-~  ^  ^frr 

Let-  ^ 


45  Park  Place 




NEW  YORK,  Feb. 21, 1916. 

RAHWAY.  N.  J. 


Laboratory  of  Thos.A.Edison, 
. Orange, 

n  1$  i  & 



Referring^  again  to  our  recent  correspondence 
regarding  PARAPHENYLEHEDI AMIHE , we  regret  to  state  that 
the  sample  submitted  has  not  met  with  the  approval 
of  our  Laboratories, inasmuch  as  it  was  very  much 
discolored  and  the  form  materially  different  from  the 
article  formerly  imported  from  Abroad. 

In  order  that  you  may  be  familar  with  the 
form  and  quality  of  our  product, we  will  send  you  in  the 
course  of  a  day  or  two  a  sample  which  we  would  ask  you  to 
kindly  examine  and  advise  us  at  your  convenience, if  it  would 
be  possible  for  you  to  supply  a  similar  article. 

Very  truly  yours, 

MERCK  &  CO. 


Feb .  22nd. 


E.  3.  Badger  1-  Eons  Company, 

71  iitts  Etreot, 

Boston,  Mass. 


I  am  afraid  you  v.ill  think  we  ;re 
long  winded  in  our  investigation  of  the  matter 
of  the  two  Carbolic  Stills.  It  is  almost  un¬ 
necessary,  1  think,  to  toll  you  that  we  have 
been  very,  vory  busy,  and  it  has  been  difficult 
to  get  the  time  to  investigate  the  matter. 

,.t  lust  we  arc  ready  to  report  to  you, 
and  I  enclose  herewith  copy  of  a  report  made  to 
Mr.  lid  i  son  by  Mr.  Mason,  one  of  our  en¬ 

gineers  . 

as  this  report  is  self-explanatory. 

1  shall  make  no  comment  on  it. 

Yours  vory  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  .Edison. 

Enclosure . 

Feb.  23rd.  1916. 

Steel  Cities  Chemical  Company, 

Birmingham,  Ala. 

Gentlemen : 

1  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  14th  instant,  concerning  Sulphuric  Acid 
for  my  Benzol  Plant  at  V.oodward,  ala. 

Y.e  only  use  a  little  over  three- 
quarters  of  a  ton  per  day  of  66°  Baume  Acid. 

If  it  would  be  agreeable,  I  would  like  to  con¬ 
tract  at  this  rate  for  the  remainder  of  the 
present  year,  say  from  April  1st,  provided, 
of  course,  that  a  satisfactory  price  can  be 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  reply, 

1  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 


/  ^ 


February  24,  1916 

Laboratory  of  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

G e nt  1  err, en :  Attention  of  Hr.  Head ow croft. 

We  are  in  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  23rd  instant 
enclosing  copy  of  letter  received  by  you  from  Messrs.  F.  W. 
Myers  &  Co.  in  the  matter  of  the  value  at  which  your  shipments 
of  benzol  should  be  entered  for  customs  purposes. 

You  wish  to  be  advised  whether  you  should  instruct 
Messrs.  Myers  &  Co.  to  enter  your  importations  of  benzol  at 
the  spot  price  or  the  contract  price  of  benzol,  stating  that 
the  spot  price  at  the  present  time  is  anywhere  from  70/  to 
90/  per  gallon,  whereas  the  highest  price  that  you  have  paid 
for  benzol  on  time  contract  is  65/  per  gallon. 

The  revenue  laws  of  the  United  States  provide  that 
duties  roust  be  paid  upon  the  usual  wholesale  selling  price 
in  the  market  of  the  country  of  exportation  (Canada),  if  such 
market  exists.  From  the  statement  made  by  the  Dominion  Iron 
&  Steel  Co.  to  Mr.  Myers,  it  would  appear  that  there  is  at 
present  no  market  in  Canada  and  that  the  sale  to  the  Toronto 
Chemical  Co.  was  not  a  wholesale  transaction. 

Under  these  circumstances  it  would  appear  that  this 

particular  provision  of  the  Tariff  Act  would  not  govern  and 

i.  2-  Lab.  of  T, 

-  2/24/16 

icourse  must  be  had  to  the  price  at  which  such  or  similar  im¬ 
ported  benzol  sells  at  wholesale  in  the  markets  of  this  country, 
due  allowance  by  deduction  being  made  for  duties,  cost  of  trans¬ 
portation,  insurance,  and  other  necessary  expenses  from  the 
place  of  shipment  to  the  place  of  delivery,  and  a  profit  not  to 
exceed  8 %  and  a  reasonable  allowance  for  general  expenses  not 
to  succeed  Q%, 

This  provision  of  the  law  ha3  reference  to  spot  prices, 
and  we  think  it  would  be  well  for  you  to  advise  liessrs.  3?.  W. 

Kyers  &  Co.  at  least  weekly  of  the  variations  in  the  American 
selling  price  of^  ^pot  benzol,  so  that  they  may  make  the  necessary 
deductions  allowed  by  the  statute  and  enter  your  merchandise 


We  trust  that  the  above  answers  your  questions  com¬ 

pletely,  and  remain 

Very  trui&r  yours, 

c  •nfr+A.t  H’ 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Co. 

Oils,  Greases,  Acids,  Chemicals 

52-54-56  Lafayette  Street 

Newark, N.J.  Feb.  25th,  1916. 

c/o  T.  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  II. 


.  X-txri  T'^.f  1 

Dear  Sir:-  <3-^  ‘Tf  /  -Vvc-C.^- 

We  are  in  receipt  of  a.  letter  from  a  customer 
tc  whom  we  sold  9900  lbs.  of  your  Aniline  Oil  under  date 
of  Jan.  17th,  which  reads  as  fcllows:- 

"Y/e  beg  to  advise  that  this  oil,  upon  analysis 
by  Stillwell  S.  Gladding  of  New  York,  showed  60#  water,  which 
our  customer  advises  is  unsatisfactory. 

While  this  content  is  not  generally  cbj ecticndble 
or  unusual  they  advise  that  should  they  be  obliged  to  adjust 
the  matter  with  their  foreign  buyers  they  will  have  to  look 
to  us  for  settlement,  in  which  case  we,  of  course,  jvlculcl 
loot  to  your  good  selves  for  adjustment. "  / 

It  is  our  opinion  that  the  60#  mentioned  above  is 
a  tynogrnphical  error  and  what  they  actunlly-cmean  is  6#. 

We  are  writing  to  find  cut  whether  this  is/so. 

In  the  meantime,  mny  v/e  ask, that  you  let  us  have 
an  expression  of  your  opinion  regarding  this  matter? 

V7  •  ir" 

Ur.  Edison: 

It  looks  to  me  as  if  it  were  going  to  be  a  pretty 
stiff  proposition  to  keep  ?.  Hr.  iiyers  &  Company  advised  of  the 
American  selling  price  of  imported  spot  Bensol.  I  suppose  the 
only  reliable  place  where  we  could  obtain  the  information  would 
be  the  Custom  House,  but  even  thet  would  not  be  practicable,  as 
there  are  a  great  many  ports  of  entry  in  the  United  States.  I 
don't  suppose  that  the  Treasury  Department  at  Washington  (which 

controls  the  customs)  would  know  promptly  enough. 

Even  if  Benr.ol  were  being  imported  ,  and  even  if  we 
could  get  the  price  promptly  enough,  it  might  be  lower  than  the 
market  for  spot  American  Benzol,  and  the  United  States  appraiser 
might  raise  the  valuation  on  us  on  the  basis  of  the  market  for 
American  Benzol. 

~~  i  will  write  Strauss  &  Hedges  again,  if  you 

approve,  and  put  this  up  to  them. 


Strauss  &  Hedges, 

IS  Broadway, 

Hew  York  City. 


Referring  to  your  favor  of  the  E4th  instant,  lot  ae  say 
that  it  it-  going  to  be  rather  a  difficult  proposition  to  keep 
v. .  iiyers '  &  Company  advised  of  the  American  selling  price  of 
imported  spot  Benzol.  She  difficulty  would  be  to  obtain  the  in¬ 
formation  promptly,  es  there  are  a  great  many  ports  of  entry  in 
the  United  States.  X  Euppose  the  information  could  be  obtained 
from  the  treasury  Department  at  V.ashington,  but  I  am  Inclined  to 
think  that  this  would  be  quite  some  time  .after  the  importation 
had  been  made,  and,  therefore,  not  sufficiently  prompt  for  the 
purpose.  Y.e  have  no  positive  information  of  any  Benzol  being 
imported  into  the  United  States,  and  doubt  very  much  if  there 
is  any  appreciable  quantity  coming  into  the  country,  "he  last 
cuotation  we  heard  for  Benzol  in  .England  was  a  low  one,  and  if 
the  English  Government  would  allow  it  to  leave  the  country  and 
come  ovor  here,  the  price  might  be  lower  than  the  market  for 
..merican  spot  Benzol.  If  wo  had  made  an  entry  on  that  basis, 
the  United  States  Appraiser  might  raise  the  valuation  on  the 
basis  of  the  market  for  American  Benzol. 

You  will  soe  from  the  above  where  the  difficulties  lie, 
and  Hr.  Edison  will  be  very  glad  if  you  will  kindly  advise  us 
what  will  be  the  safe  thing  to  do. 

There  is  a  car  of  Bonzol  on  the  way  to  us  now  fromSydney, 
Hova  Scotia,  so  we  must  act  rather  promptly  on  our  part. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison. 

Will  you  kindly  investigate  this  mattor  aal  let  mo  hoar 
from  you  as  early  as  losoiblo  with  roferenoo  to  the  weight 
of  notorial  returned  and  we  will  bo  g lad  to  have  proper  credit 
nomoroudum  to  adjust  the  situation. 

Yours  very  truly, 

snoiiis  a.  EDism,  me.  p 

ACE .5.  purchasing  Agent. 

Copy  to  Mr.  Msadoworoft  & 
Mr.  Kammerhoff. 

Eastman  Zoaak  Company, 

Eocheetcr,  ±J.  Y.  Attention  of  Ur.  Markus . 


Your  favor  of  the  £3rd  instant  has 
been  received,  and  in  reply  v;o  bog  to  say  that 
v.e  can  for  prompt  shipment  ££5  pounds  of 
Carbolic  Acid  at  £l.00  per  pound. 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  order,  we 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  Laboratory. 

DOVER.  N.  J. 

February  28,  1915. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

New  Jersey. 

\  -  ,-v\ 

Referring  to  your  contract  for  furnishing  this/ 
arsenal  with  5417  pounds  of  Phenol  per  month;  we 
have  recently  received  an  inquiry  as  to  the  possibil¬ 
ity  of  increasing  our  output  of  the  explosive  of  which 
your  phenol  is  a  constituent  material. 

T/ill  you  kindly  inform  me  whether  the 44-  is  any 
prospect  of  your  being  able  to  furnish  an  additional- 
quantity  of  approximately  20,000  pounds  per  month,  for 
say  one  year.  If  there  is  any  prospect/of  your  bding 
in  position  to  supply  this  quantity  will  you  kindly 
state  about  when  delivery  could  be  begun  ami  approx¬ 
imately  what  price  per  pound  would  be  charged. 

This  inquiry  is  entirely  tentative  as  no  appro¬ 
priation  has  yet  been  made, and  as  certain  propositions 
contemplating  alternative  methods  of  producing  the 
Department's  high  explosives  have  been  presented  in  such 
a  manner  as  to  necessitate  some  comparative  studies  of 
costa, as  well  as  feasibility,  before  a  decision  as  to 



new  york.  February  28,  1916 

Thomas  A.  Edi  son.  Esq., 

Orange,  IT.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

:ie  have  duly  received  your  letter  of  February  22nd 
in  rcnrurd  to  the  contract  between  yourself  and  TIis  Britannic 
Majesty's  Government  for  the  output  of  toluol  from  your-  plant 
at  the  Cambria  Steel  Company's  works  at  Johnstown,  Pa. 

,7c  do  not  understand  your  statornent  that  this  con¬ 
tract  expired  on  the  24th  instant.  It  wug  our  understanding 
from  correspondence  and  conversations  had  with  you  on  this  sub¬ 
ject  that  the  plant  in  question  was  not  in  operation  until  aftor 
Pay  1st,  1915 ,  which  understanding  would  seem  to  be  confirmed 
by  your  letter  of  August  13th,  1915  to  Mr.  Btettinius  in  which 
you  stated  that  your  entire  output  until  May  1st,  1916  was  taken 
under  your  contract  with  the  British  Government.  7/e  shall  be 
glad  also  to  receive  further  advices  in  the  matter  because  our 
records  show  that  no  deliveries  were  made  under  the  contract 
until  late  in  Juno  of  last  year  and  then  only  in  small  quanti¬ 

Awaiting  further  information  from  you  in  the  matter, 

STRAUSS  &  HEDGES  i,  ( 


/February  28,  1916 


.  /(V-v 

Laboratory  of  Thorns  A.  Edison,  /  \ 

Orange,  H.  J.  / 

Gentlemen:  Attention/of  l£r...  \to^Ht.^ead«vc.ron 

-ye  are  in  receipt  L  your  letter  of  the  26th  instant, 
and  were  today  favored  by  a  visit  of  Kr.  John  H.  Myers  with 
whom  we  discussed  in  detail  the  bsnssol  situation* 

Frora  all  the  facts  that  we  have  been  able  to  adduce, 
we  feel  quite  confident  that  you  are  perfectly  safe  in  con¬ 
tinuing  to  enter  your  benzol  at  the  dutiable  value  of  59-l/2j/ 
as  heretofore. 

In  the  meantime  lir.  Myers  will  attempt  to  get  further 
detailed  information  from  lir*  Kcllaughton  of  the  Dominion  Iron 
&  iitesl  Go,  and  will  communicate  3uch  facts  to  ub  if,  in  his 
judgment,  the  fact3  warrant  any  change  in  your  present  practice. 
Very,j  truly  yours, 

jfsA[  r>  TM/yi 

k ^>>v  ^  .A'1'"'  ^ 


*  *0* 

ryt-vm  \/ 

37»  -r  T^^u-^fWT  iv°  • 

IM  l  ^j  »'v!  / 

ryvl,  K-4^4 

■'****'»?  JJT"'  . 




Dear  Si] 

Have  entered  a  competitive  contest  with  a  papi 
subject:" Can  a  permanently  successful  Dye  Industry  be  establi 
in  the  United 

I  would  like  very  muclj/lJo  get  your  ansr/erc  on  the  following 
questions: ’Vi 1 1  you  continue  to  manufacture  Carbolic  acid  afti 
the^v/ar  closos?Is/it  cheaper  to  manufacture  at  home  than  to  im- 
port?Bo  you  beleive  that  a  protective  tariff  of  SC'jj  ad  valorem 
and  ?£  cents  specific  duties  would  compensate  the  country  thru 
the  development  of  the  coal  tar  industry  enough  to  off  set  the 
rise  in  the  price  of  textilesTWill  the  home  manufacture 
intermediates  as  Phenol  and  Toluol  furnish  a  stronger  "c 
preparedness  for  this  nation  in  time  of  waryTould  it  be 
economic  measure  to  have  these  factories  running  in  tin 
as  dye  factories  ? 

Am  enclosing  stamp  to  cover  reply  .Thanking  you  in  advance  for 
any  favors  you  may  show. 

/  Ji 












an  j 

:  of  peac..^ 

3  A 

Yours  truly,  / 

923  S iSanbom  Ave., 

S  .Dak  . 

February  &9th.  1916 

x  understand  that  tiro  illnp  i  ep:-.rt-  .G.'it  v  ill  cone 
under  r  Jurisdiction. 

,.o  have  s;  froi;uont  interc.-u-.npo  of  j  otters  and 
r&ndfi  liOtv.ocji  this,  office  and  the  he  icon  ...-omicnl  .  oikt.  Car¬ 
bolic  division,  .uiiiiuo  .  lain  am:  .  r.ouol  :  i.  nt  at  . : liver 

:.u..o .  Jur  nonortmda  arc  usually  a  tied  a v  in  cnvelopm;  ad¬ 
ore::;  od  10  tUo  propor  •  or;.o.u  in  those  various  dSvi;.  lone  and 
tsl:  nte .  .no;;  are  then  delivered  to  the  failing-  foi  artnont  for 

0  ictr ■ butioa. 

Iho  delays  in  del Ivor ing  those  lot tore  and  no nor and a 
have  boeone  singly  cutrapooui  .  it  ic  no’.,  t&kin--  throe  a  ay  a 
to  pot  a  -joinorandun  from  this  offico  to  the  .  hencl  or  ..niii.’se 
rlunte.  ..e  have  oac&rod  serious  lots  to  tr.  ilditoc  by 
reason  of  tnoce  delaye.  For  instance,  last  Saturday  i  tent  u 
neraornadum  of  ins  true tionc  to  the  Jiiline  lent,  covering  a 
transaction  niao  suiting  to  over  £tOG.  .-it  thie  v.ritinp  (11  o’clock 
fuocday  norninp /  this  mesaorandtua  has  not  yet  oooa  rocoivod . 

o.c.  to  hdison  Choaical  forks ,  Carbolic  Division  and  .Jiilino  Plant. 







\$  i  ^ 



X0L4OTA  ^  j3 

(q  ;i)u£-&  VU«T<C  Ll* 

l/ati  ]L4nJ  cfc-^'L / 

V*L  '^Wf»uv.c  )&tA&blb?iv*@<i,  2)^cteC+~l 


\  to^  4  &cJt.&(\r-iL^{  o~i±>4 
W*tC jb»  Tj&&*>  M=» 



2  y<= 


Yi  [*~1(ya6  —  0 t*uL iaG|(?u.«-2 

vs*  ^Jjk.  ^-/  /tfn6  5<dZ2r 

If***  ^  a, 
X*~  hC  X^  ^  ^  6 

Xu  U**  5ft»( 


Tjpuj-I  i  fiicta 
■p-^VNcV-f  C&0  'KcP^'f  C^fvcoi 
icniti  t  <rw6  *cf  ^.<2a 

l/|*u.el*>lJ^  IM. 
ka-iJt.  tf<s  f  3 1  &&&  ipkcs-tc^ 

‘CC'(&>t<eau>  \^JL. 
O^ijJU-^^r^  'O  C^  cO 
/9-t du*  ■  d&t  32—3*51  Cfi^dLa — 

us*3uof  t# 

c<J&  ui  ~Co  CkUL'rLJ^Q"  CCMCOtt.  d 

JuL-t<br(i\  Xu-  <\U»  tX->  AJ-cC ' 

tOtCt** W-j  &'lcCtyt  & 

(pit*  Zen-*  ^CCixJkl  Vl^t^ 
fifd  \*  f*  *4 

\s>isJL<^Sk»  it 


LdL^J U.  |ZJ2^U 



3Qse>  M»  ^p«n^ 


)b6>d  @JL  <&£ 

0\  ur&o 

‘  '  •  -  ‘  A 

•  pa- 

r'  s  :f 

:  Up, 

siv te*,*-**. 

1  ■  L, 

/*L,  Z4/^ 

©  :  ?*“" 

2-  Sr 

f  aur  /Ha¬ 

<5  3 

lf  mo  t-nt'i- 

77o  '-/ 

I  :  H 

/o  //o  -/;<5*-r 

7 "57 .  ^ 


f  nan , 

/  f  3  o ;  ^ 

£  i  3  , 

o  o 

7  \  i'  ' 

//  /  3  /  /  “7  7^-2- 

7  5"^ :  i— 

f  |  '3 

7  //ty  m<tir\ 

ml  3— 


!±L  11!2!lL 

^  : 

3  *  _ 

fS  [i^  . 

4-  t 

1  .^  ■  i  *■  s-,* 

7  7  2-  v.? 

J  i 

2  /  0  */  l^'Sa-in  | 

^  <r*TJ  '  5^'fe 

1  |/,U^ 

■Tw  ' 

!■!  oi^  f3-^  '-' 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Chemicals  (E-16-16) 


Globe  Indemnity  Comp; 


Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ii 

N.  J. 


We  understand  that  you  manufacture  coal-tar  crudes 
and  anilined  dyes,  and  we  presume  that  in  the  process  of 
manufacturing,  you  use  a  vessel  known  as  a  nitrator. 

I  /  We  are  interested  in  nitrators  from  an  insurance 

J  standpoint,  and  are  anxious  to  know  something  about  the 
I  hazards  connected  with  the  use  of  these  nitrators.  Insur- 
\  I  ance  Companies  generally  look  upon  these  nitrators  as  a 
\  \  very  hazardous  proposition,  but  our  personal  views  are 
1  \ somewhat  to  the  contrary. 

We  believe  the  serious  explosions  that  have  occurred 
in  connection  with  their  use,  have  been  largely  from  out¬ 
side  causes  rather  than  from  inside.  In  other  words  have 
you  known  of  any  of  these  nitrators  to  blow  up,  so  to  ppeak 
from  gases,  or  causes  generated  from  coal-tar  dye  stuffs. 

Any  information  that  you  might  be  able  to  give  us  on 
the  subject  would  be  appreciated. 

Yours  very  truly, 




Araerioan  Oil  &  Supply  Company, 

Oils,  Greases,  Acids,  Chemicals, 

52,  54,  56  Lafayette  Street, 

Newark,  M.  J.,  March  2nd.  1916. 

Mr.  Thos .  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Lear  Sir:- 

Eeferring  to  the  delays  in  deliveries  of  Acids  and  other  raw 
materials  since  October  of  last  year,  v,e  beg  to  say  as  follows: 

As  you  are  aware,  there  was  a  tremendous  disturbance  of  the 
capacity  of  the  railroad  to  deliver  freight  during  Uovember  and  Decemb¬ 
er,  1915,  and  also  during  the  two  months  of  this  year.  This  was  due 
to  the  fact  that  the  railroad  lines  were  congested  with  freight  that 
could  not  be  delivered  because  their  terminal  tracks  were  filled  up 
with  an  enormous  number  of  oars  containing  war  munitions  and  other 
materials  for  export,  which  could  not  be  discharged  because  of  the 
lack  of  ships  to  take  them  away. 

This  congestion  has  been  so  great  during  the  last  four  months 
that  a  great  many  of  the  railroad  companies  ere  obliged  to  lay  embar¬ 
goes  and  they  would  not  receive  freight  at  a  great  number  of  points 
because  they  could  not  possibly  make  deliveries. 

ThiB  railroad  congestion  and  these  embargoes  during  the  last 
four  months  have  seriously  inconvenienced  us  and  all  other  manufacturers, 
all  of  whom  were  unable  to  obtain  the  raw  materials  necessary  for  the 
manufacture  of  their  various  commodities. 

Neither,  you,  nor  we,  nor  any  other  manufacturer  could  posB- 
ibly  have  done  anything  to  make  the  conditions  any  better,  and  sub¬ 
sequently  we  have  all  had  to  suffer  for  the  above  reasons. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(signed)  V.'m.  P.  Hoffman.  Trees . 

^  x  •  Q  ^ 

o  ^  J  — -  c —  ** —  \ 

A.  M.  Wood  &  Company,  inc. 




Maroh  3rd, 1916. 


W.  H.  Meadowc r of  t ,  E  sq .  \A ,{/  djk.  ^  ' 

V  \  r  t  d  \ 


Dear  Ur.  Meadowcroft:- 

I  beg  to  refer  you  to  the  conversation 
had  at  your  Office  relative  to  your  Residue  from 
Borings  used  in  your  Aniline  Plant,  and  advise  that  we 
have  succeeded  in  inducing  one  of  our  good  Furnace 
friends  to  pay  the  freight  on  two  or  three  cars.  They 
will  payus  nothing  for  the  smudge,  bht  will  take  a 
chance  on  the  freight.  We  would  suggest  that  you 
order  two  battleship  cars  loaded  at  your  earliest 
convenience,  and  you  may  turn  them  over  to  the  Agent 
at  Silver  Lake,  N.J.,  for  disposal  orders  from  us. 

We  have  reason  to  believe  that  after 
the  Furnace  tries  out  this  smudge,  that  they  will  be 
able  to  make  a  price  on  your  entire  production.  They 
inform  us  they  have  used  the  residue  from  some  other 
plant,  but  that  the  metallic  iron  bearing  portion  of 
the  material  was  insufficient  to  pay  even  the  freight. 
We  think  yours  averages  better;  it  is  at  least  worth 
a  trial,  and  in  view  of  having  committed  ourselves 
in  the  premises,  we  trust  this  matter  will  have  your 
beet  attention,  and  we  now  anticipate  your  advices  when 
it  is  possible  for  you  to  ship  the  oars. 

With  best  regards  and  wishes, 
Respectfully  yours. 


*  0 

of  us 




March  6 ,  1916 . 

Mr.  William  H.  Meadowcroft, 

C/o  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  XI. J. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft:- 

;  Dr.'  Nathan  Sulz-r 

A  friend  of  mine,' 

herger,  who  is  a  son  of  Sulzberger  the  padker,  -  v,  . 

skilled  chemist,  asks  me  to  bring  to  the  attention  of  ^ ,^«.o 

Mr.  Edison  a  method  that  he  has  devised  for  thetoroduo-  € 

tion  of  Metallic- Nickel  in  a  finely  divided  condition  jf  , 

from  its  Salts,  as  for  instance  the  Sulphate  of  Nickel.^  A,j 

He  uses  Hydrazin.  Hydrazin  has  ^ 
been  suggested  for  this  purpose  by  the  German  Chemist 
Rasig, .  and  I  am  informed  is  very  efficient. 

Dr.  Sulzberger’s  invention  applies 
to  the  manufacture  of  Hydrazin,  which  he  claims  to  be 
able  to  manufacture  very  cheaply;  in  fact,  at  a  nominal 

If  then  the  production  of  Metallic 
Nickel  from  its  Salts  in  a  very  finely  divided  condition 
would  interest  Mr.  Edison,  I  would  like  to  tate  it  up 
with  you  further.  If  not,  please  advise,  and  I  will  tell 
Dr.  Sulzberger. 

FURTHER:  Dr.  Sulzberger  states  he 
can  prodxioe  a  mixture  of  Metallic  Copper  and  Metallic 
Nickel  in  this  very  finely  divided  condition,  which  may 
also  interest  Mr.  Edison. 

Yours  very  truly, 


//fy  '•  (fctcjtn  i 

O^CoVicH  )il  jfc  &  ■  fctCcS 

Ila  /VT  ci  iiif'liulitf  Cti 1  c1  CtJtre’l! 

<y?  tu-C-  Laet*t  tifi  cl n.uj  4{i  e-l  (Ji ( u/^C'C , 

3  -dcUcL  Ilo  ,  &<■<-(  olc-  ii.y/i/  f-r 

i  i  i./W~ 

v(*>  ill 

■a  c  i  i  u  d*  t-i  c/v  ri  et 


/a  Cl, 

*J  ecd 

/ (l.e~L*j  i>  llsj  tl  l  (£c 


k  &  u* 

ft  find  *J  r/iLC-  , 


ft  id  Lite  tt‘t<  i<  f- 1 

5  tlA 



fcdtly  fN‘  ^-TTuvllf, 

f£..  , 

?  JLC  ft  frf-trU  Ct-crf 





>■’  <0*^  /  £r 

J)  thii.  $'j  Q  *-£> 

Jl'lcttvfoiUC''  S  rf  /2z.  2$  ‘ i 

'iy !))■>'<■■>■  /  3  l£  .5.  S'j  v 

7§3  „ 

^jocj o  nf .  „ 


jflc  faCCo-to-tnc,  W  c/“  «"■/''/>! 

f»H,  S,jU  /  4  AC7X.C'7>  4  ^7J' 

J  (rfui&f  e-xn-tv  - 

\333  '  cjccC<i  a 




! \  C-C-P-tCeid)  - 

%?•  * 

7h  L  Cti>nrU(S.C  ~ 

pe  « 


3 crlc<-C 

■  h.  So  S  oj  edU-^i 




CBct  cC 

(BeuyC  fen,  ottAr  /iW*  ^  u^'r-  fnUreuft. 

'lie  Cent  Oet-nU  en  ,  fr  . 

Tie,  ii  neiV"  Auxt'eC  ^IfiuC  1 


hoe  ett-'ni  ct  1  ^ 

eu  i  <  a  1 1 -i «  ( nfo  <•/»/•*/.•  8  33 

7)liCuJntifae~  JJLESL 

7c(aC  3,0  0  a  * 

7/em  ft/iu .C  I  So  S 

Jr  fin*  free-* 

ui'tuT-  l~  ,~ 

?)  ic  (to  eii  t-O+e 

llvffnem  (>Ltn>  eni-fwt 

J3  3  /' 

"  " 
cfJ  .i.  * 

/one.  »  " 


*:;7  •  "  * 


$ u>vc  /  &  / 

33’i  c)c>i\  i  ft  efciy 

)Vc-oi:  to  r<  i  H. 

-  "  " 

J)<'  t  it  l  l  t  l'c~*  l- 

*23  "  "  " 

J)l  tfaireitt&cc. 

<P0O  ■  »  ‘l  " 

72T1XS.  «  * 


o\‘n.f‘  uoB  r,ct . f,f 

:r  -* 

0  c, 


/  fe  <Ace 

i  w  t c't  t-n 


it/  o  (t[ 

333  ft  2ft./ 

a  / 


^3  .  * 

.  «J33 

/■/,.  U'  , ,  ,-7nv  YAiUwc>-u^ 


/  C  t'  o  /,  » 

3  06f, 

_ 'si- _ - — 

(JS if. (V^  <?•£  ncu-ctcct 

CLmCtltst.  . _ _ 


Cja.Ci  a  ?  ei-y 



»  ■  .  -  " 

Kamn\eiftcf£  /3S1  "  “ 

"  yTTi  _ _ 

Jlfetc  au^-  a^o-cd  6s’.OOxo  CjetCCciu 




Bloomfield,  N.J. 

March  8,  1916.  £***«*.** 

U«u  ,«**'*rr  TittZ'm,  ToFg*** 

».  *•  Edison,  Nffiilino  DiHnlonJ  .in*  k,u,e,(t/ 

Gentleman:  ^  ^  ^ 

producing  o one ide^MqTant  it  ies  of  crude  naphthalene, 
and  in  view  of  yotfr  r^atloj^> 

you  can  tell  ue  tV  8114  “  S<\ 

through  whom  they  Spring  it. 

If,  however^"  you  oanjjot  giv^s  the  desired  / 
information,  plea^Hlo^ot^refer  this  inquiry  to  them. 

With  appre^tienfg^y^^ti^u  ca^^ 
give  us.  and  best  w^Ta, 

Very  tiuly  yours, 


KB*PW  ite” 

t  eJwC* 
jt u&£^  & 





Post  Office  Bui Id ins . 

Jersey  City ,  N . J. , 

. MAR  -8  1916 

Subject:  Phenol  -  method  of  packing. 


1.  When  the  Inspector  last  visited  your  Works,  he  found 
the  phenol,  manufactured  under  Cont.  Mo.  23233,  for  the  Navy  Depar 
ment,  packed  and  ready  for  shipment,  except  for  the  orating.  In 
other  words,  the  drums  were  sealed. 

2.  The  drums, here tof ore ,  have  been  sealed  by  soldering 
nver  the  fillinp  hole,  in  one  end  of  the  drum,  a  sheet  metal  disk. 

The  drums  whic^the  Inspector  selected  for  sampling  were  so 

^  his  arrival,  and  were  opened  in  his  presence.  Inspection  showed 
a  few  drops  of  solder  in  the  phenol,  under  the  filling  hole,  of  each 
of  the  cans  which  had  been  opened. 

3.  As  the  phenol  is  used  for  the  manufacture  of  ammonium 
nicrate .  the  Inspector  considers  the  presence  of  solder  in  _ the  phe¬ 
nol  hiehlv  objectionable,  as  this  solder, composed  partly  of  lead, 

mav  find  its  way  to  that  stage  of  the  manufacture  in  which  picric/*-' 
acid  is  produced.  If  such  should  happen,  a  oertain  amount  of^gcrht 
would  be  formed,  which  is  one  of  the  mostsensitivepicrates,  andas 
you  can  readily  understand,  a  very  dangerous  thing  to  have  mixed  up 
with  ammonium  picrate. 

4.  In  consultation  with  the  Supt. ,  Mr.  Kammerhoff,  we  de¬ 
cided  that  as  the  phenol  existed  in  a  hard  crystalline  formthatthe 
only  object  of  sealing  the  filling  hole  was  to  prevent  foreign  ma 
te/getting  into  the  drums,  and  that  wooden  plugsfirmlyahivenintOn^ 
the  filling  hole  would  answer  the  purpose  quite  as  well  as  the  g 

al  method  of  sealing.  Mr.  Kammerhoff  agreed  to  seal  the  cans  in  this 
manner  in  the  future. 

=  fhe  Insueotor  has  reported  his  action  to  the  Bureau 
holding  him  in  this  matter. 



1--H-  • 

Lieut. Comar.  U.S.Navy, 
Naval  Inspector  of  Powder,  E.C. 

Mr.  lvl.H.  Hutchison,  c/o 
Laboratory  of  fhos. 
Orange ,  N. J . 

Eaison,  Inc. , 




March  8,  1916. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir: 

We  have  your  letter  of  March  2nd,  and  beg  to  state 
that  we  are  unable  to  accept  as  final  the  statements  made 
therein.  From  information  that  we  ha«V received  we  were  under 
the  impression  that  your  plant  was  not  in  operation  until 
May,  1915,  or  later.  Furthermore,  at  no  time,  so  far  as  our 
records  show,  did  you  deliver  even  approximately  the  amount 
of  toluol  you  agreed  to  deliver,  namely, 320  gallons,  more  or 
less,  per  day  until  an  addition  could  be  made  to  your  plant, 
and  480  gallons  per  day  after  such  addition  waB  made,  which 
was  expected  to  be  about  40  days  after  March  1,  1915.  As  it 
is  necessary  that  we  advise  our  principals  fully  concerning 
the  statue  of  this  contract,  we  request  you  to  give  us  at  once 
a  detailed  statement  of  the  information  and  facte  on  which  you 
base  your  statement  that  the  plant  began  operation  on  February 
32,  1915,  and  also  a  statement  of  its  full  capacity  at  all  times 
during  the  time  you  consider  it  was  being  used  for  the  purpose 
of  making  toluol  for  the  British  Government.  This  statement 
should  give  us  sufficient  facte  as  to  the  plant  itself  and  the 
number  of  men  you  had  engaged  in  working  In  it,  so  that  our 
representatives  can  determine  accurately  both  the  capacity  of 
the  plant  and  the  extent  to  which  the  capacity  was  utilized. 

Will  you  please  give  us  also  a  statement  of  how  much  toluol 
the  plant  can  produce  daily  at  the  present  time,  so  that  we 
may  at  the  same  time  advise  the  Government  at  what  rate  you 
could  oontinue  to  make  deliveries  under  the  contract,  and  how 
long  itwould  be  before  the  total  quantity  which  you  agreed  to 
deliver  might  be  delivered. 

We  talked  this  morning  over  the  telephone  with  your 
Assistant,  Mr.  Meadowcroft,  asking  that  he  arrange  that  either 
you  or  himself  come  to  see  us,  as  in  our  opinion  this  would  be 
the  easiest  and  best  way  from  both  your  point  of  view  and  ours 
of  handling  this  situation.  Mr.  Meadowcroft  at  the  time  was 

not  disposed  to  adopt  this  course.  If  on  reconsideration  he 
should  be  inclined  ao  to  do,  we  would  be  very  glad  to  see  either 
you  or  him. 

Yours  very  truly. 

March  10th.  1916. 

Mr.  Meadowcroft: 


Moisture  and  organic  matter  3.5 
FeO  82.919 

®l02O3  62.367 

Fe  6.678 

Insoluble  3  •  88 

Total  99 .344 
"  Fe  68.113 


.larch  loth.  It' 10. 

Globe  Indemnity  Company, 

Cleveland,  Ohio. 

Gentlemen : 

I  have  received  your  favor  of  the 
first  instant,  in  v.hich  you  refer  to  the  pro¬ 
cess  of  nitrating  in  the  manufacture  of  .mi- 

let  me  say  in  reply  that  I  have 
several  chemical  works,  and  that  we  have  made 
thousands  of  nitrations  without  any  accident. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Hr.  J.  Hofmann,  Secretary, 

;-i.  v.ood  S;  Company,  lne . , 

Commercial  Trust  Building , 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

hour  tir.  Hofmann: 

Please  excuse  the  delay  in  reply-  . 
lap  to  youi  favor  of  the  third  instant  con¬ 
cerning  the  residue  from  the  Iron  Borings 
used  in  our  ^niline  Blunt,  i'.iace  I  savr  you 
on  the  subject,  there  has  oponoa  up  a  possi¬ 
bility  of  utilising  this  Material  for  other 
purposes,  so  I  shall  ue  unable  to  ship  you 
the  tv.o  battleship  cars  at  the  present  time. 

It  seems  possible  that  wo  may  find  a  profit¬ 
able  opportunity  of  utilizing  this  by-product. 

Yours  vory  tiuly. 

Assistant  to  :Jr.  iidieon. 


- *&-  6 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Attenti c n  of  Vr. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  are  in  receipt  of  a  letter  from  Germania 
Hosiery  Mills,  copy  of  which*  are  enclosing  herewith, 
and  which  is  self-explanatory. 

We  are  simply  transmitting  the  same  over  to 

yon  and  will  await  your  instruction. 

Yours  very  truly. 


I1  i -~n  ~  a(****tCA**~  J 

-•?  £-* 

C—  I .U  4^— 

.  {  yfe'£  uz&™* 

aU*  \4xcd-  «A  <W~  &**. 

1  (i  jL  t W^^vam!  Ut-*£»* 



~i;uP  v* 



JUA~  U—  ^  . 

,  ■  ■  #lUSU«  'WtW  >«■ 

UflUW'  . 

,Cv«M.ah  ^  *-* 

CK^-  -*M*  *r 


yf^duS*#***  ~~^ 

*  €?Z~- 



MITSUI  8t  Co.,  LTD., 

March  8,  191 6 „ 


We  hsg  to  inform  you  that  drum  of  Oil  Ho.  713 

containing  445  pounds  of  Aniline  Oil  was  very  unsatisfactory 
It  does  the  work  all  right  hut  the  action  of  the  chemicals 
i3  altogether  different.  In  my  knowledge  of  dyeing  it 
must  he  the  Cynate  of  Pottasium  which  reacts  in  oxidation, 
and  makes  all  hands  sick.  They  are  getting  blue  lips 
and  the  eyes  fall  in  and  after  a  short  time  they  have  to 
give  up  working  on  same.  I  thought  I  would  let  you  know 
in  time  as  this  is  very  dangerlous  to  the  help  and  if  it 
should  get  out  amongst  Government  Mill  Inspectors  in  my 
opinion  they  would  get  after  me  for  using  all  these 
ohemicals  at  onoe. 

Your  oil  has  been  very  good  and  have  had  no  com¬ 

plaint  before  from  the  help. 

Please  let  me  know  what  you  can  do  in  the  matter 

by  return  of  mail,  and  oblige, 

Yours  very  truly, 

(signed)  Harry  Saefeit. 


l'hos.  A.  Edison, 
urange,  i 

Dear  Sir:- 

fc\Ua.mine  Laboratory  (Inc.) 

Equitable  Building 
_sVew  ySrk~  -  ' 


(L«  '  V  y* 

of  -V  rtf  / 

■  ")  \  f 

g.  meadowcroft 

We  have  before  us  your  letter  of  Sept.  27th,  1915 
regarding  Acetanilid.  *ou  stated  at  that  time  that  you  were  not 
in  a  position  to  quote  on  the  article  but  felt  you  would  be  able 
to  supply  the  trade  after  January,  1916. 

We  would  like  to  get  your  figure  on  a  contract  for  one 
ton  per  month  for  six  months.  ThejJ.S.f .^Crystal  article  is 

Thanking  you  for  a  prompt  reply,  we  remain, 
Very  truly  yours, 


Office  of  the  Comptroller 

Johnstown,  Pa.  March  13th,  1916. 
SUBJECT:-  Sales  -  Shipments,  Toluol. 

Dear  Sir: 

In  compliance  with  request  contained  in  your  letter  of  the 
10th  instant,  we  are  pleased  to  advise  that  the  following  shipments 
of  Toluol  were  made  from  the  Edison  Benzol  Plant  at  our  works  from 

the  Beginning  up  to  the  present  time:- 

Date  of  Shipment 





Our  Involoe  1 










No.  of  Gallons 

2  916 
2  867 
2  542 

3  664 

3  192 

4  406 
4  936 
4  026 

28  572 

Trusting  this  is  the  information  you  desire,  we  are 
•Yours  truly, 




Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esquire, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

March  I 4th.  1916 

'lie  should,  havo  larger  deliveries  of  £-t' 
Phenol  from  Mr.  Kammerhoff  in  order  that  we  may 
carry  a  larger  stock  of  Resin  on  hand.  (T-, 

At  present  vie  have  about  10  Runs  ahead  of 
our  requirements,  hut  this  quantity  does  not  give  , 
us  margin  enough  to  make  our  Tests  to  determine  jgf 
whether  the  Resin  can  he  used  for  Varnish. 

V/e  have  approximately  17000  lbs.  of  Recovered 
Phenol,  which  is  now  being  tested  and  which  if  O.K. 
will  enable  us  to  increase  our  Stock  of  Resin  without 
drawing  on  the  phenol  Plant  for  Hew  Stock,  but  if  it 
is  found  unsuitable  for  the  Manufacture  of  Varnish, 
we  may  experience  some  dolay  in  obtaining  the  proper 
Resin  from  the  RunB  on  hand. 

We  should  have  at  least  20  Runs  on  hand  to 
test  to  prevent  any  dolay,  and  as  Mr.  Kammerhoff 
will  not  increase  his  deliveries  without  your  sanction 
I  would  recommend  that  he  be  authorized  to  deliver 
10,000  lbs.  of  Phenol  in  excess  of  present  deliveries , 
in  order  to  give  us  a  safe  margin  to  work  on. 

• ..  .  uy  x 


,uuL  .  ^  VL4^ 

i,;srch  14  th.  1916  Hmory: 

zit  various  times  v.o  iiuvo  had  sample  lots  of  crude  Benzol 
distilled  by  Ur.  Hammerhoff  in  our  3cnzol  ::tijl  at  tho  Carbolic 
Bivisi  on. 

V.hon  crude  Benzol  is  distilled,  v.o  obtain  several  other 
products,  such  as  Benzol  Heads,  Benzol  i.osidue,  Voluol  Heads,  etc. 
"heso  are  adapted  for  use,  for  certain  purposes,  in  place  of  Ben¬ 
zol,  which  is  used  by  Hr.  liehr  in  the  manufacture  of  blue  amberol 
records,  end  by  the  Storapo  Battery  Company  for  various  purposes. 

I  had  samples  sent  to  mo  of  the  residues  obtained  by  Hr. 
Xammerhoff,  end  submitted  them  to  Ur.  iiehr  and  Ur.  Bachman  to  see 
if  they  couia  use  them.  I'heee  residues  are  as  follows: 
of  material  Brum  no . 

Benzol  Hoads 

Heavy  distillate 
Benzol  residue 
loluol  heads 



patents  not  lbs. 

Sotal  lb: 




•:r.  iiehr  says  that  he  can  use  drums  *141,  07  and  26049. 
:.!r.  Bachman  says  that  he  can  use  tho  other  drums  named  in  the  list. 

till  you  pleaso,  therefore,  have  an  order  issued  to  Hr. 
Xammerhoff  to  send  up  to  Hr.  iiehr  drums  141,  07,  and  26049,  and  to 
ilr.  Bachman  on  account  of  the  liaison  Storapo  Battery  Company  drums 
»,  2997 »,  3132B,  66  and  133.  Vhose  should  bo  billed  at  tho  same 
price  as  if  they  were  3enzol,  which  Ur.  Kammorhoff  is  in  the  habit 
of  supplying  to  both  divisions. 

\V.  ■!.  UEaDOKCEOI'E. 

Purchasing  Service  Department  Memorandum  No. 

.  ,  M' 


March  14,  191G. 


Mr.  Kammerhoff. 

Hoforring  to  correspondence  with  Grasoelli  Chemical 
Co*  in  ro  shipments  of  sulphuric  acid.,  they  claim  that  their  chief 
difficulty  is  caused  ay  delay  of  tonic  carB  in  transit,  and  Mr. 
Edison  personally  has  written  a  memorandum  on  the  subject  today, 
stating  that  wo  have  plenty  of  storage  at  our  works  and  should  be 
able  to  release  the  empties  at  once. 

Will  you  therefore  please  see  that  tame  cars  reaching  you 
are  made  empty  at  the  oarllost  possiblo  moment,  and  in  this  con¬ 
nection  it  would  bo  interesting  to  know  just  the  service  we  are 
able  to  give  in  this  regard  so  that  1  will  bo  in  position  to 
assure  Grassolli  that  their  cars  are  handled  immediately  and 
along  definite  lines. 


Copy  to  Mr.  T.  A.  Edison. 


\lu *  r 


U  - * 




,  1916. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

We  have  made  a  thorough  manufacturing  test  of 
crude  naphthalene  and  find  that  we  cannot  use  it  without 
entailing  a  duplication  of  both  chlorinating  and  distilling 
processes,  and  this  involves  an  expense  and  a  reduced  produc¬ 
tive  capacity  of  our  plant  that  makes  the  operation  prohib¬ 


We  are  very  much  interested  in  learning  that  you  are 
\  turning  out  sublimed  naphthalene  at  Woodward  and  expect  to 
ldo  so  at  the  Cambria  plant.  What  arrangement  could  we  make 
-Iwijth  you  for  a  continuous  supply  of  refined  naphthalene?  If 
lyou  have  an  excess  production  at  Woodward  for  the  sale  of 
Iwhioh  you  have  not  contracted,  we  might  be  able  to  handle  it 
jail  or  a  considerable  portion  of  it.  If  this  is  the  case,  wo 
J would  be  glad  to  know  how  much  you  would  be  in  a  position  to 
offer  from  that  point  in  monthly  deliveries  and  over  what 
length  of  time  and  at  what  price  you  would  contract. 

We  are  just  completing  the  enlargement  of  our 
Wyandotte  plant  and  will  soon  be  in  position  to  handle  increased 
quantities  of  naphthalene,  so  wiBh  to  close  this  matterup 
at  once  if  possible-,  in  fact  we  have  a  buyer  on  the  road 

now  and  for  these  reasons  if  this  matter  interests  yon 
would  appreciate  a  reply  at  your  earliest  convenience. 

Bhe  writer  will  he  glad  to  go  over  to  Orange 
if  yon  are  prepared  to  make  us  a  proposition. 

Very  truly  yours, 




N  EW  VO  R  K 

March  15,  1916 

,v„  y-" 



Rational  Phonograph  Company,  [  »• 

122  ’.Vest  St.  U  1 

Rev/  York  City.  tc- 

Gentlemen:  * 

Your  favor  of  the  14th  instant  to  hai  ^ 
for  which  we  thank  you,  and  pursnant  to  your  re 
quest,  vie  are  submitting  herewith  a  sample  of  ' 


which  vie  offer  to-day,  subject  to  prior  sale,  at 
§6.00  per  pound,  F.  0.  B.  our  works,  Harrison, 

Hew  Jerseyr_3e"'fc  10  days. 

If  you  would  be  interested  in  a  contract/ 
for  a  specified  quantity,  to  be  taken  in  regular  / 
monthly  deliveries  during  a  period  of  twelve  months, 
we  should  be  pleased  to  take  up  with  you  the  master 
of  contract. 

The  unsold  portion  of  our  output  is  limited , 
and  we  respectfully  request  that  you  inform  us  at  once 
if  our  product  is  of  interest. 

Awaiting  your  further' favors ,  we  are 
— — Very  truly  yours, 
y-  r/itt  COLOURS  C0:vH>AHY. 


i.iarch  17,  1916. 

I.ioadowcroft  hao  handed  mo  Mo  romorandun  to  you  of 
Ucrch  17th  with  your  notation  thoroon  with  roforonco  to  cceept- 
ir-K  Ur.  Dillon’ o  proposal  covering  gilwauheo  benzol  at  a  price 
of  a.poroxiraatoly  67  l/4  cents  delivered.  lir.  !.:eadov/croft  too 
aai.od  no  not  to  corruuicatn  with  £r.  Dillon  ao  ho  too  covered 
the  oituation  fully  with  Mm  nnd  I  on  thorofove  depending 
upon  his  statonor.t  in  tMs  rogaid  and  awaiting  receipt  of  formal 
contract,  which  ho  assures  mo  will  bo  forthcoming  from  ^r. 

Dillon  in  duo  couroo. 

Juot  as  quickly  ao  the  contract  io  at  hand  I  will  tala> 
tho  mttor  up  and  I  understand  that  this  contract  io  to  bo 
oxooutod  by  you  individually- 


ACS. 3. 

MR  1° 

Middlesex  Chemical  Company,  Inc. 




i, larch  17  ,  1916 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc., 

V/est  Orange,  IT. J. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadov/croft ,- 

I ■ have  ton  tons  of  spot  Phenol  for  im¬ 
mediate  delivery.  I  don't  know  whether  Mr.  Edison 
runs  snort  or  not,  but  if  you  would  like  to  make  an 
offer  for  this  Phenol  I  will  be  glad  to  receive  your 
wire . 

With  all  personal  regards  to  Mr.  Edison  and 

Yours  very  truly, 


Clarence  Dillon 

Dear  Mr.  Edisi 

I  confirm  sale  to  you  as  per  my  tele¬ 
phone  conversation  with  Mr.  Headowcraft  on  benzol  as 

On  behalf  of  the  Milwaukee  Coke  &  Gas 
Company  500  gallon3  Per  day  from  May  15  to  June  30 
1915  at  0.70  per  gallon  fob  Milwaukee. 

The  Milwaukee  Coke  a.  Gas  Co.  will  also 
furnish  you  any  spare  benzol  they  may  have  from  May 
1st  to  May  15th, but  they  do  not  anticipate  that  they 
will  be  able  to  furnish  you  anything  like  the  full  oOO 
gallons  per  day  for  the  first  half  of  May. 

On  behalf  of  the  Newport  Hydro-carbon 
Company  of  Milwaukee  (this  company  is  controlled  by 
the  same  people  that  control  the  Milwaukee  Coke  a  Gas 
Co.  and  the  northwestern  Iron  Co.)  600  gallons  of 
benzol  per  day  from  July  1st  1916  to  July  1st  1917  at 
$.65  per  gallon  fob  Canal  Dover.  This  benzol  is  to  be 
produced  by  the  coke  ovens  now  being  built  by  the  d . H .  _ 
Hanna  Company  at  Canal  Dover, and  they  estimate  that  this 
benzol  will  be  forthcoming  some  time  in  June.  They  have 
told  us  that  they  feel  very  sure  that  they  will  be 
producing  and  shipping  by  the  first  of  July  and  probably 

You  understand  that  the  Newport  Hydro- 
■bon  Co.  have  bought  this  benzol  from  M.H.  Hanna  &  Co. 

'  axe  now  in  turn  selling  it  to  you.  The  specifications 
rthis  benzol  are  just  the  same  as  on  the  benzol  you 
~  bought  before  from  the  Milwaukee  Coke  &  Gas  Co. 

1  am  sending  a  copy  of  this  letter  to 
Milwaukee  today  and  forms  of  contract  will  be  received 
due  course,  when  I  will  send  them  to  you. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq. 
Orange,  II. .T. 



Qi^oC^L  ttve<l<a3«,  'V^K.  Ccw  *' 

CHrtrf  e«££w  ^jtp(»-bvv>  t'iCs  t 

for  your  letter  of  jiarcti  18th  and  the  in,-*- 
rewith  relative  to  your  toluol  contract 

format  ion  ^^/the^^^e^^ve  ?S  rlcffc, 

with  the  British  Government.  In  order  to  give  our  principal- 
o.  complete  record  on  this  matter  we  should  like  inf ormationj>n^,„ 
two  further  points: 

First:  It  will  he  necessary  to  verify  the  date  on  which 

55;  szsrr.  jssrss ««*. 

to  indicate  how  it  can  he  obtained. 

Second:  In  connection  with  the  statement  in  your  letter 

suffers  jyjwHsjr&x  as  sa  s  £ 
sssnu.  ....t 

the  amounts. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  giving  us  this  information 
at  an  early  date,  we  are, 

Yours  very  truly, 





DOVER,  N.  J. 

March  20th,  1916. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orance,  N.J. 

SUBJiET:  Phenol  Method 
of  Paclcing. 


Beplying  to  your  letter  of  the  9th  inBt. ,  we  see 
no  objection  to  your  proposal  to  use  wooden  plugs  for 
olosing  the  filling  holes  in  phenol  drums  provided 
these  plugs  could  be  kept  in  the  holes.  As  the  drums 
are  made  of  such  li^vt  weight  material  it  would  Beem 
very  unlikely  that  plugs  oould  be  made  to  hold  unless 
a  fastening  strip  of  some  sort  were  placed  over  them 
to  keep  them  in  place. 

Some  time  ago  we  complained  of  the  expense  of  re¬ 
sealing  and  orating  for  return  to  you  the  galvanized 
iron  drums  in  which  you  have  been  delivering  phenol 
to  this  arsenal. 

At  that  time  you  promised  to  look  into  the  question 
as  to  whether  it  was  really  profitable  to  have  these 
drums  returned  to  you  but  no  final  reply  was  ever  re¬ 
ceived  in  the  matter. 

The  contract  contemplated  shipment  in  steel  drums 
with  screw  plug  and  requiring  no  orating,  worth  about 
§10.00  each.  Delivery  in  such  drums  would  save  us 
considerable  expense  for  re-sealing  and  crating. 

Please  advise  whether  we  may  scrap  the  galvanized 
drums  Instead  of  returning  them,  unless  some  more 
simple  way  of  olosing  the  hole  can  be  devised. 

March  28th.  1916 

11.,  John  i  .  Joyce, 

It.  Col.,  Jrd.  Dept.,  U.  S.  a... 
Command  ing, 

Pieatinny  Arsenal, 

Dover,  il.  J. 

SUBJECT:  Phonol  Method  of  Packing. 

Your  favor  of  the  20th  instant  to  Lir.  Edison  was  received.  He 
is  away  in  Florida  on  u  fev;  weeks  vacation. 

In  the  meantime,  I  can  reply  for  him  as ‘ I  am  familiar  v ith 
these  matterB.  In  regard  to  the  wooden  plugs,  our  plant  reports 
that  they  have  taken  the  danger  of  loss  into  consideration,  and 

that  they  can  eafely  ship  the  cans  by  leaving  a  slot  in  the  top  of 

the  crating  the  plug  is,  and  then  cover  that  slot  from  above 
by  a  piece  of  sheet  tin  which  they  will  nail  on  the  crating.  This 
would  seem  to  bo  in  line  with  your  suggestion. 

You  will  be  glad  to  learn  that  you  need  not  return  the  gal¬ 
vanized  iron  drums  to  us  any  more.  You  may,  therefore,  put  them 

in  the  scrap  heap. 

The  reason  that  wo  have  made  ail  shipments  of  Phenol  in  new 
galvanized  iron  drums  is  because  Mr.  Edison  was  anxious  to  have 
the  material  reach  you  with  the  least  possible  danger  of  contamina¬ 
tion.  If  tho  ordinary  steel  drums  with  screw  plug  were  used,  they 
would  in  time  become  more  or  less  rusty  inside*  iir.  Edison  was, 
therefore,  willing  to  go  to  the  extra  expense  of  furnishing  a  new 
package  for  each  shipment. 

Eospcct fully  yours. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

March  Hist.  19X6. 

irr  IS 

Dominion  Iron  fc  Steel  Company 
Sydney,  Cape  Proton, 

^  r^^riiX 


Attention  of 

\6  < 

ti  t-  W±C"av,'?“e't'' 

Gontlemen :  ca  ct'  rn-c-O 

Keferriug  to  our  recent  correspondence  in-  regard 
to  Uanhtheline ,  I  would  say  that .  Edison  has  left  today 
for  a  few  weeks  vacation  in  Florida.  Before  leaving,  hey 
wished  me  to  write  to  you  to  ask  how  much  of  the  crude  Uiaph- 
thulino  you  produced  daily,  and  approximately  how  much  you 
have  already  on  hand. 

If  you  will  kindly  send  this  information,  I  will 
submit  it  to  him.  He  thinks  he  may  be  able  to  make  some  sug¬ 
gestions  to  you  about  refining  it. 

Yours  very  truly. 

sistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

.  ..a 

if  ,iL>"  ,.11" / 

I.iaroh  21st.  1916. 

Mr.  V.  1.  King, 

C  Middlesex  Chemical  Co.  Inc., 

Chester,  Conn. 

Dear  Ur.  King: 

Your  fiwror  of  the  17th  instant  was  received  only 
this  morning,  a  few  minutes  before  Ur.  Edison  left  for 
Florida  for  a  few  weeks  vacation.  I  showed  him  the  letter, 
and  he  wished  me  to  say  that  we  are  keopinr  up  with  our  con¬ 
tract  requirements  on  phenol,  and  he  would  not  be  interested 
in  buying  any  spot  stuff,  although  he  wished  me  to  express  his 
aivoreoiation  of  the  courtesy  in  offering  it. 

Y.ith  kind  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

cch  ii-iid '  1  y  16 

Takamine  Laboratory,  Inc., 

Enui table  Building , 

Lev;  York  City. 

Attention  of  lir.  J.  P.  Kiddoll. 

Gentlemen : 

V.e  must  uek  you  to  kindly  pardon  the  de¬ 
lay  in  replying  ic  yiar  favor  of  the  Idih  instant. 

;,;r .  Edison  v,as "exceedingly  busy  prior  to  hie  de¬ 
parture  for  "lor ids.,  but  he  tool:  this  <:o  Lter  up  with 
me  just  before  he  left. 

He  is  ready  to  enter  into  a  contract  for 
one  (1)  ton  of  ..cetsnilid  per  month  for  six  (6) 
months  at  tv.o  dollars  and  fifty  cents  ($2.50)  per 
pound  y.  o.  5.  .7 i Ivor  lake,  ...  J.  2Uo  acetanilid 
v.e  could  furnish  would  De  equal  to  the  sample  for¬ 
warded  to  you  this  day  by  mail  under  depurate  cover, 
i'his  quotation  is  made  subject  to  prior  sale. 

Yours  very  truly. 

assistant  to  hr.  Edison. 

A.  M.  Wood  &  Company,  inc. 
horus  iron  and  steel 

3!/  \A'^X  ^ 

1W  lAtm  2 




V.’m .  fe.  Ueadoworoft,  Esq., 
c/o  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J U^£. 

Bear  Sir:  |+- S< 

In  our  travel-  _ 

that  one  of  the  aniline  people  claim  they  are 
reconcentrating  the  residue  from  borings  afte: 

ttoy u‘*1<£Xb  «*** 

V.’e  know  nothing  about  this  b 
and  simply  offer  yon,  thaginf  or  mat 1m  wa  h 
received.  T$Zj  & 

These  people  use  pulverized  borings 
100  and  300  mesh.  They  claim  at  a  cost  of  about 
?;5,00  oar  ton  they  can  reconcentrate  the  material 
to  make  it  oossible  for  reusing,  and  further  they 
are  able  to" continue  this  practice  on  the  same  loi 
of  residue  so.  that  they  at  least 


tUc-  i 

To  be  frank  with  you  the 

. . v _ _  rritar  was 

amazed  to  hear  this,  and  as  stated  above  we  simply 
give  this  for  your  inf  or  mi  t  ion. 

ct  Yours  very  truly, 

A.  M.  u’OOC  &  COMPANY,  Xno. 


^ . - 


'  Silver  Lake,  II.  J., 

•  .  •  tsnr'ch  15th,  1916. 

Hr.  Meadov/croft :  ; 

He :  CARBOLIC  AOID  FOR  H.  It.  SQUIBB  &  .SOWS.  . 

Enclosed  I  bog  to  return  tjio  lettor  from  E.  H.  Squibb  &  Sons, 
dated  March  9th,  to  vhich  I  havo  to  moko  the  follov/ing  remarks: 


rrCfe.  ^ 

— r0^1^  r  t!tr 
-Li  d^fuSXrr-,  W  .  :: 

w«|  Juc*u  tT  ^.btcc  S|^ 

r%u-t>v  •«*«*>. 

■tu-tUO'  ^ 

,  „  ^r"  ■  gffct^c  .'w».«  -Hf  „  - 

J  (  &  ȣ  J*~k '  wS4*a* 


E  R:Squibb  &  Sons 


t  tsjjptik^yn  He. rq£»*$th  19^ 

nv .  '  u-q  if/ 


V/e  are  sending  you  by  Express  three  samples  of  liquefied 
Carbolic  Acid.  This  is  Acid  taken  from  the  drums  which  you  supply  us, 
and  liquefied  by  heat  and  filtered, and  then  10 ‘,i  of  water  added  to  keep 
the  Acid  in  a  liquid  state.  V/e  find  that  when  the  Acid  is  first 
melted  it  is  cloudy, due  we  presume  to  the  presence  of  a  stannous  salt, 
after  filtration  it  has  the  appearance  of  the  sample  marked  Mo.l 
At  the  end  of  a  week  it  has  begun  to  discolor  -  sample  Mo. 2 
and  at  the  end  of  four  weeks  it  has  acquired  qu: 

V/e  do  not  know  whether  your  attention  has  been  called  to  this  before 
but  many  of  our  customers  complain  of  this  coloration,  and  we  would 
like  to  know  whether  you  could  make  any  suggestion  by  which  we  might 
prevent  this,  or  whether  you  could  supply  us  with  Acid  which  would 
not  change  so  readily.  V/e  have  never  before  had!  any  that  assumed 
this  color  although  we  have  had  Acid  that  turned  pink  on  exposure. 
VJhile  for  many  purposes  this  coloration  is  not  objectionable , still 
where  Pharmacists  use  it  in  dispensing  is  so 
regarded.  Please  let  us  hear  from  you  at  your  convenience,  and,-" 
greatly  oblige,,  fry 

Very  truly  yours y 

i  4 



Supt.  E  R  Squibb  &  Sons 


RECEIVED  AT  288  ,vl  A  I  iM  ST. 

126  NY  H  33  N£)  RANGE,  N. 

j  <Do-m 



WIRE  *X.  \\\  \  \ 


mark  wolfsohn  n*'  ^ 


'\W  fa-* 

t to 



t  -ii  w 



i)i nf3 


v.W  ,ifl 


Jtfjr  $>-*** 

Bear  lvlr.  Edison; 

,f  [C.  £«i_1916' 

I  went  tYT  j/P.  Morgan  &  Company's  place  yesterday  and  had  a 
long  talk  with  to.  weems,  who  seems  tb  be  taking  the  place  of  to.  otet- 
tinius  in  his  absence.  There  was  also  present  a  to.  Vought,  who  X  pre¬ 
sume  belongs  to  th^l^^rtment^rthe  gjport 

I  started  in  at  the  beginning  anaekplained  how  it  was  that  j , 
vou  were  obliged  to  go  into  the  Carbolic  acid  business  and  incident^,  X 
into  the  Bcnwol  production  business.  I  also  related  the  history  of  the  ^ 
noluoi  contract  from  the  very  beginning,  inthe  same  way  that  I  related  « 
it  in  the  long  affidavit  which  I  submitted  to  you  a  week  or  two  ago  .  In 
accordance  with  your  wishes  X  went  into  the  matter  very  carefully,  and 
gave  them  all  the  facts.  ^ 

nvey  began  to  ask  questions  as  to  how  long  it  took  to  produce 
Toluol,  and  I  explained  to  them  how  in  the  beginning  of  operating  a  new 
nlr-nt  there  was  a  great  deal  of  preliminary  work  and  that  material  was 
necessarily  accumulated  slowly,  especially  as  it  had  to  be  divided  up 
into  Crude,  90%,  the  heads  and  tails  of  eacn  distillation,  ^nd  the  sub 
sequent  refining,  with  the  heads  and  tails  belongwcto  them,  etc.,  etc. 

I  also  explained  very  carefully  and  fully  how  the  figures  of 
ouantitv  inserted  in  the  original  letter  of  agreement  had  really  been 
estimates  on  your  part  founded  upon  the  figures  given  in  the  authentic 
literature  but  that  we  subseauently  found  that  the  gases  at  Jonnstown 
did  not  coAtain  ihe  Toluol  you  had  figured  on,  and  indeed  that  the  Johns¬ 
town  coal  was  abnormally  low  in  volatility.  ~11  this  explanation  -eemed 
to  clear  up  the  atmosphere  a  great  deal. 

It  was  not  long,  however,  before  I  began  to  find  out  just 
v-here  the  land  lay.  In  a“  nut-shell,  the  whole  trouble  is  tnat  the 
British  Government  took  the  f iguresfwhich  you  gave  in  the  third  para¬ 
graph  of  the  contracts  literally  and  figured  that  they  were  going  to  get 
^gallons  Per  ^y.4  begin  with  -d  480  gallons  per  day  aft«  the  ad- 

i  get 


into  account  that  you  only 
after  the  plant  was  in  opera- 


the i° umber  S^LysTin^thiTye^T  and  then  crossed  that  quantity  of 
off  their  books /figuring  that  it  would  be  provided  by  you.  Ho  one 
there  seemed  to  have  had  sense  enough  to  taki 
sold  them  the  Toluol  produced  for  on< 
tion.  It  seems  inconceivably  stupid 

Tho  part  that  J.  1-.  Morgan  &  Company  feels  sore  about  is  Uiat 
our  total  deliveries  will  be  only  about  one-fifth  the  total  quantity  which 
the  British  Government  expected  to  receive  from  you,  and  “lie*  %o 

opinion  that  they,  J.  P.  Morgan  &  Comr>any,  aie  being  sharply  called  to 
account  by  reason  of  this  discrepancy. 

to.  Weems  wanted  to  know  if  there  aotuNsome th ing  -we  could 

do  to  make  the  deliveries  more  nearly  approximate,,^  British  Gov< ernme: nt 
expected.  They  spoke  of  to.  Edison's  boundless  energy,  resources .etc . , 

KTYSi  not  doatSat.thWhat°I  ^d^^f/did 

s^e^ija  sssss.tfS'sa  sffas  rry  this 

Mr.  Ed  ison- 


w?ir?ot  f°r4?n  the  -oluo1  produced  by  the  plant  for  one  year  from 
“p-°  ,its  operation,  and  that  you  "had  governed  yourself  ac- 
elT  '  "e^£  returned  to  the  subject  repeatedly  at  different 

see  vhat1' oneeD,aflCfl«Cal«y  the.  sfie  language  each  time,  spying  I  did  not 
fnvnr+w  i  f,,'0!1?  d?’  as  y°u  had  Performed  your  part  of  the  contract  and 
tbera  the  2olu°14.£°:£  a  ^ear'  having  considered  the  contract  was  mere- 
H  °-,t}-e5vv i.s.e ^you .had  governed  yourself  accordingly. 

Mr.  teems  was  very  reluctant  to  accept  the  position "in  which 
my  words  had  placed  the  matter.  Of  course,  X  judged  he  was  bright  enough 
'4af  1  “W  but  he  did  not  say  to,  nor  did  he  hint  at  it.  He 
asked  me  if  I  would  not  communicate  with  you,  and  see  if  you  could  not 
devise  some  way  in  which  something  more  could  be  '.'one  for  the  British 
Government.  I  said  I  would  lay  the  matter  before  you,  but  of  course  could 
hlE1  ”?y  indication  of  what  you  might  say.  He  intimated  that 
i'?u  might  devise  some  improved  process  of  obtaining  more  Toluol 
from  tne  plant,  but  I  told  him  that  the  Toluol  was  not  present  in  t>e 
gases  and  that  there  was  no  hope  in  that  direction.  In  a  verv  nice  vav 
ne  declined  to  accept  my  statement  as  final,  as  I  was  not  an  Engineer.  J 

Tv  hut  0Ui"  c°uyersation  I  was  observing  every  word  most  minute¬ 

ly,  but  tnere  waf  not  a  hint  of  any  kind  as  to  any  legal  uroceedings . 
minds  nothinF  whatever  to  indicate  that  any  such  thing  was  in  their 

for  tho  Rr-it r  y  ?nS  .thl-nF  that  1  can  think  of  that  "e  mi^t  do 

TonV,®  or  1  ?h  G°vernment  •  be  nave  contracted  our  Toluol  up  to  f.iay  1st 
foi7  iou  v'iH  sti]1  eight  months  of  1917  un-contracted 

wiT^T  ho  o  ovfuThe  I"*8  °Ver  l0"e  beforo  that,  the  British  Government 
will  be  probably  stocking  up  again  on  Trinitrotoluol.  As  far  as  I  con 
see  that  is  about  the  only  thing  we  can  do,  that  is, to  let  the  3ritish 
Government  have  the  Toluol  from  .May  1st,  1917  to  December  Slst  1917 
noTnf?  ,4  °oSee  ^at  sort  of  a  trade  Mitsui  would  make  with  than  for 
L  f,ter  Dacenihar  -Mat,  of  this  year,  when  their  contract  exoires 
with  the  Hercules  people. 

mind  - 

I  am  enclosing  the  papers  with  which  you  can  refresh  your 
certain  things. 

Enclosures . 



3,  1915. 

Hie  Britannic  Majesty's  Government, 


Sirs  : 

I  am  now  erecting  at  the  Cambria  Steel  Company's  works 
at  Johnstown,  Pennsylvania",  a  plant  for  absorbing  Benaol  and  Tol- 
uol  from  the  gases  of  the  Coke  ovens  there,  which  plant,  it  is 
expected,  will  be  in  operation  about  March  1st,  1915. 

I  hereby  agree  to  sell  the  whole  of  the  Toluol  of  98 °/o 
purity  produced  from  this  plant,  for  a  period  of  one  year  after 
the  plant  is  in  operation  at  fifty-five  (55)  cents  per  United 
States  Gallon,  1'.  0.  B.  Hew  York  City;  same  to  be  shipped  in  steel 
drums,  and  drums  to  be  charged  for  at  actual  cost  to  me.  Ship¬ 
ments  ;.o  be  made  weekly  or  monthly  at  the  option  of  the  buyer. 
Payments  are  to  be  made  on  presentation  of  shipping  biMs  from 
works . 

His  Britannic  Majesty's  Government  by  J.  P.  Morgan  &  Co. 
Agents,  Agrees  to  accept  and  pay  for  the  whole  of  the  Toluol  shipped 
from  such  plant  to  them  for  a  period  of  one  year  after  plant  is  in 
operation,  such  shipments  to  be  320  gallons,  more  or  less,  per  day 
until  an  addition:.can  be  made  to  the  plant;  which  addition  is  ejec¬ 
ted  to  be  in  operation  in  about  forty  (40 )  days  after  March  1st,  1915. 
Such  addition  will  increase  the  output  of  Toluol  from  said  plant  to 
480  gallons  rer  day,  more  or  less,  this  also,  they,  the  Said  His 
Majesty's  British  Government  by  J.  P.  Morgan  &  Co.  Agents  hereby 
agrees  to  take  at  said  price  during  the  said  one  year  period ,  sub¬ 
ject  to  inspection  and  test. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(signed)  Thos.  a.  Edison. 

The  Above  is  the  substance 
of  the  arrangement  made 
between  Mr.  Edison  and 
Mr.  Herbert  lewis. 

(signed)  Wm.  H.  Meadowcroft, 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 


J.  P.  Morgan  &  Company 

23  Wall  Street, 

Hew  York,  Pet.  6th,  1915. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange ,  H .  J . 

Dear  Sir: 

iieceipt  of  your  letter  of  February  3rd,  1915,  covering 
sale  of  Toluol  to  the  British  Government,  is  acknowledged. 

The  proposal  you  make  therein  is  hereby  accepted,  with 
the  following  conditions,  to  wit:- 

It  is  understood  that  the  inspection  and  acceptance  of 
the  product  shall  be  by  representatives  of  the  British Government, 
and  that  the  amount  of  Toluol  ,  -  the  subject  of  this  contract,  - 
shall  not  exceed  eight  hundred  (800)  tons  in  all. 

It  is  also  understood  that  the  notation  in  your  letter 
with  respect  to  Mr.  lewis  is  a  matter  with  which  v.e  have  no 
concern,  but  that  the  price  you  mention  is  net  to  the  undersigned, 
kindly  confirm  the  foregoing. 

Yours  very  truly, 


by  J.  P.  Morgan  &  Co. 


.  \  Takeomne  LeJjorntory  (Inc.)  /J‘  [).t0 

Ob'  Equitable  Buildinc, 

J  ®  <_v\W  York — >  _ _ — "" 

PARTMwri^  ,  March  24,  10 1C. 

4~m  «* 

fajfyiexetms&rx.  <  • 

.« IOV„  12T 

•t.-r  havinrt  talked  withJ;;r.  3d i son,  yon.. have  eo«* 

^  i«*lU 

:r  Month  for  six  motors  at  $2.00  per  SilV°^  ^ 

ike,  :i.  J.  ev''“  *"'* 

3iat  this  price  ja^ay 

,na  consideration.  V/c  have  hem  uhle  to  rejjflire- 

:8  of  Acetone  lid  at  $1.05  for  a  certain  aM«6&^*eh 
;h  hut  as  we  need  a  larrer  quantity  we  v;oro  compelled 

j  y\w^k 

«/|<  7  iaj-M  <5VC''  1,’arah  25th.  1916. 

.'Dear  a.^laW  w  ^  ~ 

I  hove  tea egrapired  ;/ou  today  asking  you  to  please  defer  answering 
jny  firEt  note  uboutiJ.  P:  Horgan  &  Company  until  you  receive  my^leiter 
of  today  on 

Tinea  eriVl^:  my  note  yesterday/on  this  subject  I  have  been  think¬ 
ing  that  perhaps  you  would  like  to  have  mo  refresh  your  memory  as  to. 
what  Toluol  we  "have  on  h£gid,  and  what  oj*r  obMgoitpns  yte  .  .  „  - ■ 

fJobf  p  t*><X  ^*x.Cu^  fe 

At  the  present  tiifie  we  huvfe  c fn  hand  aboup  .43,000  gallons 

.  of  pure  Toluol.  Of  this  ’  >^y 

y  There  belongs  to  British  Sovernmnt^^i^SQZ  ^ 

fold  Mitsui,  to  be  delivered  ..priJgagSfr^r^BO  11,662 
Surplus  on  hand  -  3,438 

V.e  also  have  on  hand  enough  crude  and  washed  Toluol  to  make  six  or 
seven  thousand  gaj Ions  more. 

Our  contract  with  the  DuPont  people  calls  for  deliveries  beginning 
in  .May.  Y,e  can  still  figure  on  our  production  of  Toluol  for  a  few  more 
days  in  March  and  for  the  entire  month  of  ..pril,  so  let  us  see  how  we 
would  stand  May  1st,  and  still  he  very  conservative  in  our  estimate. 

Surplus  on  hand,  as  above,  3,438  gallons 

j,pril  production, 140  gallons 

per  day  4,200  " 

Available  for  sale  May  1st  7 , 638  " 

lou  will  notice  that  in  the  above  calculation  I  have  taken  no  account 
whatever  of  the  crude  and  washed  Toluol  on  hand,  from  which  we  will  un¬ 
doubtedly  get  six  or  seven  thousand  gallons  more,  but  I  figured  to  apply 
that  on  Dupont's  liny  delivery,  if  necessary. 

The  net  result  of  the  above  is  that  after  providing  liberally  for  our 
May  delivery  to  Dupont,  and  after  deducting  the  6,382  gallons  we  have  on 
hand  for  Horgan  and  the  5,180  gallons  we  have  on  hand  for  Mitsui,  you 
would  still  have  for  sale.  Hay  1st,  7,638  gallons. 

1,'ow  I  do  not  know  how  liberal  you  want  to  be  in  dealing  with  J.  P. 
Morgan  &  Company.  I  threw  out  a  suggestion  in  my  letter  to  you  of  yester¬ 
day  as  to  letting  them  have  some  after  May  let  next  year  when  our 
Dupont  contract  expires.  If  you  want  to  be  liberal  with  the  British 
Government,  we  could  still  stand  on  our  contract  that  they  have  had  what 
their  contract  called  for,  namely,  our  Toluol  for  one  year,  but  if  you 
are  so  minded,  you  could  let  them  have  an  additional  5,000  gallons  at  the 
same  price,  55^  on  a  written  understanding  that  this  1 ,000  gallons  does 
not  apply  on  the  contract,  but  is  voluntarily  offered  by  you  in  view  of 
the  mutual  disappointment  as  to  the  quantity  of  Toluol  which  you  had  ex¬ 
pected  to  furnish  end  which  they  had  expected  to  receive. 

As  I  stated  to  you  in  my  letter  of  yesterday,  I  did  not  come  out  open¬ 
ly  and  say  to  J.  I-.  Horgan  &  Company  that  you  had  contracted  your  Toluol. 

I  foresaw  that  probably  another  interview  would  be  necessary  before  we 
could  close  the  matter  up,  and,  therefore,  thought  it  best  to  lay  the 
matter  before  you  first.  I  do  not  think  it  would  be  well  to  make  any  offer 
whatever  in  writing. 

I  shall  await  your  instructions. 

March  25th.  1916. 

Mr.  Edison; 

Referring  to  the  attached  letter  let  me  say  that  we 
rent  eight  acid  cars  from  the  German  American  Car  Company.  It 
would  seem  from  this  that  the  lease  of  six  of  these  cars  ex¬ 
pires  in  I, lay . 

We  now  have  six  acid  cars  in  the  Chamber  Acid  sarvice, 
running  between  Silver  lake  and  Charleston.  1.  C .  Ihere  are  tv.o 
of  these  cars  filled  with  Chamber  Acid  on  the  way  up 
lake,  and  four  are  on  the  way  down  o  Charleston.  I  think  theie 
is  on-'y  one  carload  more  of  Chamber  Acid  due  us  under  the  con¬ 
tract  with  the  South  Carolina  people.  You  will  undoubted ..y  le- 
member  that  this  contract  for  Chamber  Acid  is  made  by  Ur.  Hoff¬ 
man  for  us.  I  called  them  up  today,  and  they  were  not  ~ure  out 
that  there  was  one  more  car  due  to  us.  However  that  may_be.  tne 
fact  remains  that  when  we  have  received  back  tne  .our  cars  that 
no„-  on  the  way  to  Charleston  for  Cnamoer  ~eid,  v.e  shan  not 
be  sending  them  back  again.  This  would,  therefore,  leave  us  wit I 
.. - -i-t  ucia  cars  on  hand  before  May  1st. 

these  si 

Besides  these  we  have  two  other  German  ..meric an  Acid 
cars,  whose  leases  expire  later  on  in  the  year,  to  also  Have  two 
acid  cars  that  belong  to  you.  These  are  the  two  that  *r.  Il0“m£,n 
bought  for  you  and  that  you  paid  for  with  Phenol.  ..s  we 
plenty  of  tank  capacity  fo/acid  now.  I.  do  not  see  why  we  shouid_ 

t-1C%a?ntE  leespeec?IuXu  SSSdef-  tot'uiS  have  jumped  the  ' 
. ,  ^ -  **-->  +~  ^604  per  month. 

^your  ins  tractions . 

VC  2fC~  4z- 


ct*-<CC  ^^4 



The  German  American  Car  Company 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Inc.,  New  York,  March  24th,  1915. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Mr.  Y7m.  H.  Meadow  croft.  Asst. 

Confirming  our  this  morning's  conversation  wish  to  remind 
you  that  your  present  lease  on  the  sid  (6)  Acid^cars,  numbers 
GATX  8060  to  8065,  expires  in  May,  and  r- 
whether  you  widi  to  renew  it. 

:  should  like  to  know 

As  you  of  course  realize,  the  demand  for  Acid  cars  is 
even  greater  now  than  it  was  some  months  ago,  and  there  is 
practically  no  supply  at  all  to  meet  it.  Moreover,  the  price 
of  new  cars  has  increased  over  39$  since  we  built  these  car3 
for  you. 

On  the  very  few  cars  we  have  had  available  recently  we  have 
been  getting  ’40  a  month  for  three-year  leases,  $50  for  two 
years,  and  "60  for  one  year. 

If  you  wish  to  retain  these  six  cars  in  your  service  and 
will  make  a  new  lease  for  a  period  of  three  years  we  will  be 
willing  to  continue  them  at  the  same  rate  of  $30  a  month.  7/e 
want  you  to  realize  that  this  is  a  considerable  reduction  from 
the  rates  we  are  asking  at  the  present  time.  If  you  cannot  see 
your  way  clear  to  making  a  lease  for  three  years  we  will  let 
you  have  the  cars  for  two  years  at  the  rate  of  "  ” 
or  for  one  year  at  the  rate  of  50, a  month. 

We  hope  you  will  be  able  to  let  us  know  promptly  if  you 
wish  to  retain  these  cars  as  we  are  obliged  to  turn  down 
inquiries  every  day  on  account  of  not  having  cars  avaiiaDie 
with  which  to  meet  them. 

BE:  EL 




&>ncj  •mt-a- 

<Ho  yU  <La  £eU-  «s  A  c^L If-  c^f-e^-Ja^2-<> ,  £a=a*f*4 

A.  L£Ct**_  S&ctJ  ya-ti  if  Po 

jy.  (Pa^/u.. 


Oj0_^tflc4  CUfi 



JIU  ~~ M  u=^U  U~  y~ J  ’l°  ‘“'f 
WT  3'-^- 

-Wy^f  p«f* 



>  ,  > '  '  r 
>;S'  ft 

><  J  ,r  1 

l'1  <?£.“**.  ( 

k\>  \  *  s'S/^ 

1  ,  -ft  /e?  \ 

sv;spnTier3>feKat  you  intend 
/  \  kiT  ' 

to  t a’^e-jin  tljc. -rfanuf ac tin 

take  the  liberty  of  ^Sking  you  v.'hother  prooessess  for  the  manufsotui 

rty  of  s^ki 

of  colors  taken  frop  my  experience  would  be  of  interest  to  you 


I  am  c 

As  to  my  person  I  beg  to  state  tho  following: 
i  Swiss ,  Chemical  Engineer  of  the  Federal  Poly tech¬ 
nical  School  of /Zurich  and  Fh.  I>.  of  tho  University  of  Zurich. 

j  After  having  occupied  the  position  of  first 

chemist  with  the  Usines  d\;  Rhono  at  La  Blaine,  near  Geneva,  which 
firm  manuffictured  Aniline  £  Resorcino  colors  I  became  connected  for 
forteen  years  with  the  french  works  of  the  Badische  Aniline  £  Soda 
Fabrik  in  the  capacity  of  technical  Uanager. 

On  tho  onclosed  list  you  will  find  all  oolor 
and  intermediate  products  regarding  which  I  have  practical  experience 
and  which  experience  I  have  written  down  in  the  for^pfu-directions. 

These  directions  fare  draYm-nip  i$‘<|uch  a  way 
as  to  leave  no  doubt  rogarding  its  finalvoutcomo  and,  any^phemist , 
who  has  had  a  technical  instruction  and  trafnihg^is,  on  tTid  strength 
of  these  precise  communications  ! 

rm.-rajfteriais,  course-'  of 


manufacture ,  output  to  bo  obtained,  mixture,  cost  price,  etc... 
in  a  position  to  erect  and  conduct  tho  manufacture  of  suoh 
colors  on  a  profitable  basis. 

As  the  manufacture  of  colors  in  the  united 
States  of  America  has  become  a  vital  question  and  the  next  Congro 
-.vill  undoubtedly  protect  tho  chemical  industry  in  tho  United 
Statos  through  high  tariffs  3  think  that  among  this  list  you  will 
find  vj-.rep.t  many  products  which  should  be  of  interest  to  you. 

I  am  always  at  your  disposal  to  furnish  you 
with  further  details  and  awaiting  your  further  news, 

I  remain,  dear  Sirs 
Yours  truly 

Hqf erencos : 

American  Consulate  General  Zurich 
3wiG3  Credit  Anstnlt  Zurich 
Address : 

Uuo  du  highi  47 




Oouloura  d ' Aniline . 

Bleu  raothylcno  B. 

"  "  BG1. 

Violet  crintallisd 
Violet  \  l'iithylo 
Violet  aloalin 
Vert  malachite 
Vort  hrillant 
Vort  aoide 
Aur amino  0 
Jaune  naphtol  3 
Jaurie  soliae 
iiouge  solidc  A 

.1  .. 

"  D 

i.oir  brillnnt 

Fuohcine  3 
Bleu  toluidino 
Bleu  victoria  jJ 

"  ”  4  .1 

i-onoean  3!i 

Bleu  aootine  is 


Bose  Bor. gale 
Orange  IX 
"  IV 
Krythrino  3  ii 
i  yrnmine  Orange 
ifoir  direct  au  soufro 

Blou  Kiarin 
Bleu  de  Ail 
Blou  do  lsuit 
Bhodamir.e  B  extra 

6  0  -® 

Sauna  dc  ■  uinolfiino 

Violet  an  Flcthylo  B  extr 
Bleu  indoine 
"  "  B 

Azoflavino  :! 

"  &  ii 

Jaune  mot anil 
(  Jmmedialnoir  ) 

Dlnitroao  iieaoroino  (  Vert  do  .-.useie  ) 


•liatt&i-os  procures. 

Acido  Bayer 
,\cide  Schaffer 

;\oido  :t 

Acids  G 

Aoids  gnlliQUO 

Acids  naphtioninue 

Acide  oulfnnilinuo 

Acids  phonylhydrasinosulf or.i quo 

Ami  do  o  soh  on  zo 1 



si  on  zylo  thy  1  aniline 




Dimethyl oni line 


Dioxy tartrate  de  soude 

Uuile  pour  rouge  txirc 

Ilitrophenol,  Ortho  et  Para 



Paraamidohonsal aldehyde 



Vie  are  in  receipt  of  a  copy  of  a  letter  which  you 
sent  to  our  Cleveland  Office  dated  March  10th  in  reference 
to  the  process  of  nitrating  in  the  manufacture  of  Aniline 
Oil  &c.,  and  v/e  wish  to  advise  that  we  have  had  several  re¬ 
quests  for  insurance  on  nitrators,  hut  we  had  to  refuse  on 
account  of  the  unknown  hazard  attached  to  the  °P?ration  of 
said  nitrators.  Vie  are  very  anxious  to  get  further  informa 
tion  in  reference  to  their  manufacture,  construction  and 
operation,  and  if  as  you  say,  you  are  operating  nitrators 
at  vour  nlant,  our  Superintendent,  Engineer  and  the  writer 
would  esteem  it  a  favor  if  you  would  allow  us  to  visit  your 
works  and  examine  the  operation  of  your  nitrators. 

2?,„,  tiffin 

'o/r/t,  <_  '/  yfr//rtr/r 

S/j',5  &srorf.e/ft:wy' 


Edison  Chemical  Works, 


Jhemicai  worms ,  ,  /  / 

31l”r  “;"i. 

Gentlemen:  ,$£&+'">*  W,~—'p'A’ 

I  take  the  liberty  of  j^ritjUg  yag-^at 

of  the  directors  of  a  large  phenol  producing  plant 
lULJut-*^  GLent*^*’™ — 1  | 

March  87,  1916. 


,  •*_  SLt-*- 

irresponsihTjT'war  brokers  huvejbe§n  acting  <^Uhout 
authority,  i  am  informed,  in  making  largo <H}ff^rings  of^>/nol 
and  picric  acid  at  prices  much  below  the  market ,  why 
disturbed  conditions  here,  resulting  in  largo  moneys 
the  various  plants  producing  these  products. 

It  has  been  proposed  to  hold  a  conference  in  Hew 
York  for  the  discussion  of  business  conditions  in  this  indus¬ 
try  and  so  far  as  we  are  legally  entitled  to  act  more  °r  less 
in  co-operation  to  remedy  the  bad  state  of  affairs.  Prom  an 
investigation  made  by  me  covering  a  period  of  several  months, 

I  feel  that  a  substantial  betterment  can  bo  made  in  the  trade. 

Would  it  be  possible  to  have  some  one  representing 
your  plant  attend  a  preliminary  conference  to  be  held  in  this 
city  within  the  next  week? 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  a  reply  by  wire  or 
letter,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

ERiSqjjibb  &  Sons  ,  Newark 


27th,  1916. 

Hr.  V/ra.  II.  Headowcrof t , 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  II.  J. 

Dear  Hr.  Meadower oft 

I  have  your  very  interesting  letter 
of  the  24th  instant,  and  congratulate  Hr.  Edison  upon  his 
success  in  devising  the  improved  process  for  the  production 
of  a  pure  Phenol.  The  samples  ITos.  359,  560,  361  and  362 
will  at  once  upon  receipt  ho  examined,  and  X  will  send  you 
the  report  our  control  laboratory  will  make  concerning  the 
same.  Hoanv/hilo,  I  hope  you  will  lot  us  have  of  this  pure 
acid  all  that  you  can  give  us. 

TV/:  He  I; 

March  20th-  1916. 

Mr.  ornery: 

Juet  before  Mr.  Edit; on  left  I  discuseod  with  him  the  ques¬ 
tion  of  Benzol  for  all  our  plants,  and  v.e  wore  both  aware  that  it 
might  be  possible  that  we  should  occasionally  be  obliged  to  purchase 
come  spot  Benzol  in  order  to  koop  tho  plants  running.  rJhis  is  on 
uc count  of  the  railway  congestion  end  embargoes.  Mr.  Edison  told 
mo  I  should  have  to  act  according  to  my  best  judgment  on  that  point, 
and  only  to  purchase  if  it  uecamo  absolutoly  necessary  to  keep  the 
plants  running . 

fhis  emergency  arose  today,  -nd  fortunately  I  was  sole  to 
find  through  tho  American  Oil  fc  Sunply  Company  a  moderate  quantity 
of  Benzol  which  they  have  been  trucking  over  for  us  today.  I  asKod 
thorn  to  get  me  15  drums  if  possible,  but  will  not  know  until  to¬ 
morrow  just  how  much  they  have  been  able  to  get. 

This  would  not  put  us  out  of  danger,  so  I  purchased  a  car¬ 
load  (2,000  gallons)  of  pure  Benzol,  Barrett  Specifications .  from 
aerman  &  Herman.  Inc.,  165  Broadway,  llev:  fork  City,  at  85^  per  gal¬ 
lon,  .  0.  B.  Philadelphia.  Chey  are  making  rush  shipmont  of  this 
today,  i'his  is  in  drums,  and  tho  drums  will  he  charged  extra,  but 
credited  on  return.  ,iil  you  kindly  issue  a  requisition  for  this, 
in  accordance  with  Mr.  Edison's  desires. 


March  28th.  191 

Glooe  Indemnity  Company, 

45  William  Ctreot, 

Hew  York  City.  Attention  of  Mr .  lurnbull 


Your  favor  of  the  27th  instant  in  reference  to 
the  process  of  nitrating  in  the  manufacture  of  aniline 
Oil,  etc.,  has  been  received. 

Your  request  for  permission  for  your  Superin¬ 
tendent,  jSnpinoer  and  yourself  to  visit  our  plant  is  noted. 

IJr.  Edison  has  strictly  prohibited  the  admission  of  visitors 
to  our  Silver  lake  Works,  and  in  his  absence  I  shall  be  un¬ 
able  to  comply  v.ith  your  request.  However,  I  will  send  down 
your  letter  to  him  in  Florida  and  upon  receipt  of  his  reply 
will  advise  you  further. 

Yours  very  truly. 



Y/e  will  be  Interested  in  knowing  the  detail 
of  your  prooosal,  meanwhile. 

\yufU-^  ^ 





Cv-uuJ.  |5-*-4  0-"J-  -u^> 

T^«  ^a*| 

fe  Um  "  rf  "  /  —  it  <2 1; 

**-■>  j..,,  (0-  s«  <  ^  j  ,Uc,uh 

f  tm.  *r  ("“ri 

Yours  faithfully, 

.  0  /  y'ly  '  t 

isslst.  General  Sales  4&ent. 


ipril  12th.  1916. 

borainioii  Iron  £  Steel  Company, 

: ydney. 

Capo  i’.rcton, 

Canada . 

.-.t  tent  ion  of,  iiackeen. 

Gentlemen : 

referring  to  your  favor  of  the  26tli 
ultimo  in  regard  to  naphtha  lino,  1  t  mo  cay  that 
X  sent  your  letter  dov.ri  to  LIr .  hdison,  who  is  at 
present  in  Florida. 

I  have  received  a  memorandum  from  him 
this  morning  asking  me  to  communicato  v.ith  you 
and  say  that  hn  his  return  to  the  laboratory  he 
"ill  make  you  a  proposition  on  this  product. 

Yours  very  truly. 





2  ^  (•  C  iil-j  o.  6(r  |trr'  (Cx  She.  }le'-flCtuc.C+i~ 

s?  —  l  y. 

|tv2*  tl>  l  ICjtW  K<S-j}  ^ 

“t"  I  WfrcM  ■«* 

U>ttX.  av\  u» ,|or  cw<  lf 

cAJrUsU,  *3 '  I 

(Rf  tff  W-  . J/. a.  Vfl 

ftlUu  2/pvC  A 

^  CC*Rv  «w£  ./g  (IVf  ^ 

sJsect  L-O-f.  Ktrv,c  ?.  <s-  jaX«.^ 

lcU*x~7>>  —  r^-  7s?1 

V^"  ’ 


Clarence  Dillon 


O—t*  T  cLer-Jx  ^'jS^axc$i'B?‘ 


V^VL  <&cx3Ff±} 

Xc-fW-  O^  U-O&TTU**# 

Y©*  J 


:.c  -< 





;<AH2~  ia-XW  t 

enclosing  herewith  contrac 

f%jC.  • '“«raef! 

covering  your  last  purchases  a&fcenzo 
\\<-e^-‘  <?s-C X\j&rt 

The  Milwaukee  Coke  &  Gas  Co.  author-  /} 

ize  me  to  advise  Mr.  Edison  that  they  shall  try  '•J 

to  give  him  an  additional  500  gallons  Hay  1st 
to  May  15th,  but  that  they  cannot  assume  a 

Mi-ite  gljgjusg.  ri  wfot  ,  cs,  c ttS  Itee 

I  notice  that*  these  contracts  through  £'- 

an  oversight  were  not..-executed  in  Milwaukee,  f  ce~ 

so  if  you  will  please  execute  all  copies  and 
return  them  to  me  I  shall  send  them  on  to 
Milwaukee  where  they  will  iie  executed  and  one  * 

copy  of  each  sent  direct  to  you.  ^  y ■  /?  „ 

cefc,  — I 

With  kind  personal  regards ,  I  jam  \ 

Very  truly  yours,  j 

V/m.  H.  Meadowcrof t, 
Orange,  K.J. 

rt’oi  M^,up'  2  tfutrac/J 

*7  /<-!•  «/  / 

AJ  ('fCkj,  //tpjc  / 


*  / A  .i  <  fn  U/k^i  - 

■“  /•' 
'  re- 

^  y;«n. 

Esq  . 

Mar  oh  28,  193-6* 

Thomas  Edison,  Ino. 


New  Jersey.  ' 


Vie  are  greatly  in  need  of  the 
following  chemicals:  ortho,  meta,  and  para  - 
nitro-aniline,  and  v;e  would  appreciate  it 
greatly  if  it  would  he  possible  for  you  to 
help  us  out  in  the  matter  of  supplying  these 
special  chemicals.  We  would  like  to  secure 
about  one  or  two  kilos  of  each  or  any  of  them. 
You  can  readily  understand  how  difficult  it  is 
for  us  to  obtain  such  chemicals  in  the  regular 
way  at  the  present  time, and  that  these  chemi¬ 
cals  are  to  be  used  for  purposes  of  bo  lent  if io 
investigations  only  at  the  Institute  here. 

Yours  truly 


Purchasing  Agemt. 






Thomas  A.  Eaisi 

Mar.  28,  1918 . 


Inc. , 

Orange,  N.  J. 



w  L 


Your  name  lias  teen  suggested  for  membership  in 
the  Manufacturing  Chemists  Association  of  the  United  States. 
This  suggestion  has  been  made  owing  to  the  very  active  interest 
villi  oil  the  Association  is  now  taking  in  the  so  called  dye  stuff 

There  are  approximately  40  of  the  leading  chemical 
manufacturers  of  the  country  in  the  membership  now.  The  annual 
dues  are  $75  and  the  initiation  fee  1b  $50. 

May  I  ask  if  you  would  care  to  join? 

Should  you  care  for  further  particulars,  you  can 
inquire  of  the  General  Chemical  Company,  the  Barrett  Manufactur¬ 
ing  Company,  Schoellkopf,  Hartford  &  Hanna,  the  National  Aniline 
Company  or  the  Benzol  Products  Co. 

Should  you  care  to  know  more  in  detail  as  to  the 
very  active  work  which  the  Association  is  now  pursuing  in  order 
to  secure  some  form  of  relief  for  the  so  called  dye  stuff  situa¬ 
tion,  I  will  be  glad  to  communicate  with  you  further. 

Very  truly  yours, 

A  H. 

Itoroh  29th.  1916 

T.'.c  rockefeller  Institute  for  i’ccionl  research, 

66th  troot  and  Avonuo  a, 

:.ev.  York  City. 

Attention  of  Ur.  Chas.  3.  rales. 


Your  favor  of  tno  26th  instant  hus  been  re¬ 
ceived  .  i.e  regret  very  much  that  v.e  snail  be  unable  to 
supply  you  with  either  ortho,  meta  or  raranitroaniline . 

2he  uestion  of  manufacturing  these  chemicals  came 
up  many  months  ago,  and  ill’,  iidison  decided  that  ho  would 
be  unable  to  go  into  tho  manufacture  of  them. 

v,e  aro  making  Paraphenylenec iaraine ,  and  could 
supply  you  with  this  chomicnl  in  moderate  quantities 
at  •''4.60  per  pound.  ..o  aro  sending  a  sample  by  this  mail. 

As  to  the  other  chemicals  about  which  you  in¬ 
quire,  you  might  communicate  with  tho  American  Gil  & 
Supply  Company,  C2  Lafayotto  Stre  t,  .lewark,  ii.  J.  They 
may  bo  able  to  supply  you,  or  if  not,  they  could  get 
them  for  you. 

ioure  very  truly, 
iidison  laboratory. 

William  H.  Scheel, 





Ur.  Thomas  A.  Kdi* 

a9«i.  i9i5>  rf 

U.  jjc*  c~~  <L— ^ 

oe=ttu>  - 

v*  ' 

■.  m  Ur.  \7m.  Ho udowcroft^ 

Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

V/ith  reference  to  fcatdieeiwa  Chloride  would 
ouy  that  our  producers  no-.v  advise  that  the  grading  of  Which  we 
submitted  a  sample  run s/3 5™Hugne slum  Chloride.  It  is  the  medium 
grading  and  suitable  for  use  by  manufacturers  of  flooring  mater¬ 
ial.  However  the  producers  are  enabled  to  match  any  grading  or 
quality  or  specifications  and  will  be  glad  to  have  state  just  what 
the  r  equir  emeu  tp 'and  they  will  make  up  a  sample  for  us.  The  var¬ 
ious  gradings  run  from  the  cheapest  quality  for  technical  uses 
up  to  the  Chemically  Pure.  V/e  trust  that  your  Hr.  Heudowcroft 
will  puss  the  particulars  to  ~r .  Haison  tor  uo.oiuCi..t.ion  und  u 
statement  be  given  to  us  as  to  your  actual  requirements.  V/e 
are  prepared  to  handle  any  proposition  you  may  present  to  us. 

Yours  truly, 


'  /  /"  ■ 



March  30th.  1916, 


This  memorandum  is  simjly  for  you  to  koap  as  a  rocord  of 
tne  transaction  which  it  covers. 

On  last  r unday  night  your  plant  running  ontirol  y  out 
of  ^oazol.  ,.e  had  seven  cars  coming  towards  us  on  the  railroad,  hut 
finding  that  there  was  viO  prospect  of  any  delivery  for  two  or  throe 
days.  I  authorized  .Mr.  Kammorhoff  to  loun  you  2lu0  gallons  out  of  • 
tank  car  which  ne  had  received  two  days  before. 

as  there  was  no  probability  of  our  getting  in  any  of  our 
tank  care  before  today  (Thursday),  1  realized  th. t  if  .  o  drew  ny 
further  on  Mr.  Xaamerhoffe  supply  that  such  supply  would  be  ex¬ 
hausted  in  less  than  two  days,  and  both  plants  would  have  to  shut 
down.  Therefore,  on  Tuesday  morning,  I  amanaged  to  cocure  from  the 
..morienn  Oil  &  Supply  Company,  It  drums  of  Benzol  for  immediate  de¬ 
livery.  These  were  sent  ovor  uy  truck  ut  once  by  tho  ..moricun  Oil 
&  Supply  Company,  giving  your  plant  sufficient  to  run  until  yester¬ 
day  morning. 

.although  stronuous  endeavors  wero  made  by  Mr.  Kogers  to 
secure  delivery  of  a  tank  car  of  Benzol,  it  found  impossible 
to  get  u  car  yesterday. 

I  again  annealed  to  Mr.  Hoffman  of  the  .i-norican  Oil  & 

£  unply  Company,  asking  him  if  he  could  help  us  out  by  immediate 
delivery  of  lb  ®ore  drums,  iio  said  he  would  borrow  It  drums  of 
Benzol  from  one  of  his  customers,  and  truck  it  right  over  10  ub, 
and  v.e  could  re-fill  tho  drums  out  of  tho  first  cur  wo  received  and 
send  thorn  sack-  -his  bridged  ovor  until  today,  iir.  Kogors  assures 
mo  that  u  cur  of  Benzol  from  Cydnoy  is  coming  up  from  Jersey  City 
and  will  be  at  Silver  Luke  before  12  o'clock  noon. 


>VoomvAiM)  luox  Comwr 

1V()OI)’H'AKl),AlA.  March  31.  191 


Wo  are  in  recall*  of  Mr.  Meadowcroft *s  letter  of  the  27th 
and  note  that  you  have  sold,  another  oarload  of  flaked,  naphthaline 
for  April  delivery  at  11^  per  pound.  We  also  note  that  you  can  sell 
a  second  oar  for  May  shipment  at  lljtf  per  pound. 

It  is  our  belief  that  by  spraying  the  sides  of  the  sublim- 
j  ing  building  we  can  maintain  our  produotion  as  this  ought  to  keep  the 
metal  lining  of  the  building  sufficiently  oool.  V/e  are  making  the 
|  necessary  arrangements  to  experiment  along  these  lines. 

V/e  note  that  the  prices  quoted  above  are  f.  0.  b.  Newark, 

H.  J. ,  subject  to  1^  discount  for  cash. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Chemicals  (E-16-16) 

April  l8t*  1916. 

Br.  lillliam  Xnecht. 

Sue  du  r.ighi  47, 

.Zurich,  Switzerland. 

Bear  Sir: 

I  have  just  rocoivod  a  memorandum  from  Mr.  Jidison, 
to  whom  I  sent  youi  letter  of  the  seventh  ultimo. 

He  wishes  me  to  say  to  you  that  he  does  not  intend 
to  go  into  the  manufacture  of  aniline  colors,  but  ho  is  now 
making  Baraphenylenediamine,  and  would  bo  willing  -o  puy 
for  a  cheaper  process  than  he  is  now  uting.' 

At  the  present  time  he  makes  Faraphenylonodi&mine 
by  nitrating  ..cetanilid  and  then  reducing  by  iron,  but  this 
is  a  very  expensive  process  because  of  the  high  cost  of  Glacial 
..eetic  Acid  here  et  tho  present  lime. 

lours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison, 

Keith  Car  Company, 

Peoples  Gas  Juilaing, 

Chicago,  Ill. 


I  bog  to  confirm  tho  following  telegram,  which  was 
sent  to  you  this  morning : 

"i,lr .  Edison  v.  ishes  to  renev.  leases 
on  all  tank  cars  mentioned  in  your 
recent  letters  for  one  year.  Ploase 
send  leases  for  signature.  Can  you 
lease  ouo  additional  car,  and  how 
quick : " 

I  have  received  word  from  ilr .  Edison  stating  that 
he  wishes  to  renew  the  leases  for  one  year,  of  all  the  tank 
cars  mentioned  in  your  recent  letters.  Hence  the  above  tele¬ 
gram  . 

I  truet  you  will  bo  able  to  rent  ue  one  more  car  to 
put  in  our  Jenzol  service. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  iir.  Edison, 




Lpril  3rd  .^L916. 

You  undoubtedly  remember  the  fact  that  our  friend  Mullaly 
made  a  few  Aniline  contracts  for  us  last  y^ar,  and  you  allowed  him 
a  commission  of  bfo. 

Xmong  these  contracts  were  thos^nade  with  American  Print¬ 
ing  Company  and  Hollander  which  ran  to  the  end  of  last  year.  We  re¬ 
newed  with  these  two  concerns  ourselves  for  the  year  1916,  the  Amer¬ 
ican  Printing  Company  taking  8,000  pounds  of  Aniline  Oil  per  month 
at  60 if,  and  Hollander  6,000  pounds  of  Aniline  Salt  per  month  at  8 bf. 

I  told  Mullaly  that  as  we  had  taken  this  renewed  business  we  could 
no/  allow  him  commission-  He  feels,  however,  (that  as  these  customers 
came  to  us  original^ through  him, we  ought  to  conform  to  the  useage  of 
the  trade  and  allow  him  a  1#  brokerage,  and  he  asked  me  to  lay  this 
/matter  before  you  and  get  your  decision. 

/  When  Mr.  Hoffman  was  in  this  morning  I  thought  I  would  ask 

I  him  as  to  what  would  be  customary  in  a  case  like  this.  I  stated  the 
facts  to  him,  without  using  any  names  whatever,  and  asked  him  what  he 
would  tie  iu  such  a  case.  He  said  that  while  there  was  no  legal  liab¬ 
ility,  there  was  good  moral  ground  for  allowing  it,  and  if  it  happened 
with  his  concern  he  would  allow  a  1#  brokerage  without  hesitation. 

He  thought  the  man, whoever  he  was,  was  very  moderate  in  asking  only 


\  Mullaly  has  been  very  useful  to  us  on  several  occasions, 

^nd  is  alwayB  willing  to  put  himself  out  to  get  information  for  us. 
What  do  you  wish  to  do  in  the  matter? 



April  3,  1916. 

Answering  your  wire  regarding  the  carload 
of  Magnesite.  CaXaiti^d  . 

Our  lip.  Hyatt  has  been  in  California  for  the 
past  two  weeks  aid  will  return  to  Chicago  on  Thursday 
of  this  week.  Immediately  on  his  return  vie  will  ad¬ 
vise  you  definitely  as  to  the  shipment  of  your  car. 

V/e  regret  very  much  that  this  has  been  so 
delayed,  but  we  viere  advised  by  viire  a  few  days  ago 
by  Mr.  Hyatt  that  the  rains  were  still  very  severe 
and  this  has  held  up  the  erection, of  .  the  plant.  Vie 
are  of  the  opinion  from  what  information  we  have,  that 
it  will  be  tvio  or  three  weeks  at  least  before  your 
shipment  can  move. 

V/e  certainly  regret  this  very  much,  but  have 
done  everything  in  our  power  to  try  to  hurry  things 

,.pril  4th.  1916, 

Ur.  Kammorhoff : 

I  have  received  your  memorandum  of  tho  29th  ultimo  In  v hlch  you  state  that 
you  are  required  10  give  a  dally  report  shoving  the  orders  for  imro  Phenol  that 
you  huvo  on  hand,  and  nov;  orders  rooolvod. 

So  far  us  the  month  of  March  Is  eoncornod,  you  already  havo  tho  figuros 
for  Monsanto  und  tho  72,000  pound  order  for  Mitsui  1  Company.  ,.s  to  Monsanto, 
that  was  finished  in  March,  ana  as  to  Mitsui  :  Company,  I  undorstand  you  ox- 
poet  to  finieh  this  ordor  during  the  present  week.  V.ill  you  now  plouso  ontor 
tlio  following  as  orders  to  bo  fillod  by  your  plant; 

i.  Pica t in.. y  „rsonal,  1,417  pounds  every  50  dayo  until 
..pril,  1917.  j.rico  i6?  por  pound. 

S.  United  .  totes  liavy,  lfc.88:.  pounds  por  month  until 
April,  1917.  rrico  bG?  por  pound. 

3.  h.  h.  sauibb  f.onc,  2l>0  pounds  por  working  day 

( instead  of  200  poimdcj  until  tho  ond  of  t  o  your 
1916.  rrico  77  l/2 ?  Pcr  pound. 

4.  inoraas  ...  Edison,  Inc.,  lax  Plant,  2,1.43  pounds 
ovory  day.,  (including  Sundays )  until  further  ora ora . 
?rico  as  usual. 

L.  Mitsui  E  conmany  (a  now  ordor j  154,400  pounds,  to 
bo  shi  a  cod  in  ooual  monthly  shipments,  ..niil.  May, 
Juno  and  July,  1916.  i’or  tno  information  of  your 
hilling  So  pertinent  lot  mo  say  that  this  is  to  bo 
billed  to  Mitsui  &  Company  at  76?  per  pound ,  and 
accompanying  each  bill  is  to  go  a  crodit  memorandum 
in  favor  of  Mitsui  «  Company  for  6(f  por  pound.  rhis 
makes  tho  not  price  received  by  us  from  Mit.ui  Sc 
Company  7,j?  por  noun;  ,  but  shipments  arc  to  bo 
billed  in  accordance  with  tho  abova  instructions. 


6.  .-.morican  Oil  tc  Supply  i  orapany ,  1,286  pounds  per  day 
(including  r.undays),  /.pril  let  to  Pocomber  51st, 
1916.  Frioo  72. 6?  por  pound. 

7.  i-.obort  *.  LOEior,  1,000  pounds  por  woek  until  Uo- 
combor  51st,  1916.  -rico  80?  jor  pound. 

/  8.  j.  .. .  Catkins  Modicul  company,  i  inonu,  Minn.,  300 

V  pounds  por  month  from  ..pril  to  Leoembor,  1916. 
Price  8b?  por  pound. 

/  9.  J.  :..  catkins  .iodical.  company,  Mow  Xorfc  City,  100 

V  pounds  por  month  up  to  tho  ond  of  tno  your  1916. 
Price  8b?  J<or  pound. 

,  10.  stroaon-hotttor  Hancock,  Inc.,  Chicago,  800  pounds 

por  month  also  to  tho  ond  of  tho  your,  rrico  Ob? 
per  pound . 

For  our  mutual  Information  havo  figurod  out  tho  ubovo  ordorB  on  daily 

April  4,  1916. 

Ur.  W.  P.  Dowling, 

Division  Manager, 

Aniline  &  Phenol  Plants 
of  T.  A.  K.  Personal, 

Silver  Lake,  N.  J. : 

Answering  your  letter  of  Uaroh  22nd 
with  reference  to  the  advisability  of  cancelling  certain 
Shop  Orders,  we  have  gone  into  this  matter  with  the 
results  shown  below. 

You  suggest  the  cancellation  of  the 
following  Shop  Orders: 

#3870  covering  labor  and  material  of  constructing 
the  Aniline  Plant; 

#3871  covering  labor  and  material  of  constructing 
the  Phenol  Plant; 

#3970  covering  labor  and  material  covering  repairs 
to  machinery  and  equipment  Aniline  Plant; 

#3986  covering  labor  and  material  covering  repairs 
to  machinery  and  equipment  Phenol  Plant; 

#4042  covering  labor  and  material  operating  manufacturing 
expense  items  Aniline  Plant; 

#4043  oovering  labor  and  material  operating  manufacturing 
expense  items  Phenol  Plant; 

We  have  arranged  to  close  out  Shop 

Order  #3870. 

Shop  Order  #3871  will  have  to  remain 
open  for  the  present,  as  there  is  still  work  being  done  on 
tho  Phenol  Plant. 

We  have  arranged  to  olose.out  Shop 
Order  #3970,  #3986,  #4042  and  #4043. 

In  aooordanoo  with  our  conversation, 
you  will  in  future  send  us  separate  orders  for  any  work  to 
ho  done  which  heretofore  has  been  covered  by  Shop  Orders 
Hos.  3970,  3986,  4042  and  4043,  suoh  orders  automatically 
to  he  closed  when  the  work  on  them  has  been  completed. 

We  asked  you  somo  days  ago  to  send  us 
orders  to  take  tho  plaoe  of  some  of  those  oanoelled  as^  ^ 
follows,  which  orders  you  have 
we  would  he  glad  to  have  you  at 
may  be  properly  distributed: 

nou  yev  sene  ub,  muuu 

^6noe,  so  that  our  charges 

First  Order: 
Second  " 
Thifd  " 

Fourth  " 


Experimontal  Work  Anilino  Plant; 

"  "  Phenol  " 

Selling  and  Administration  Expense  at 
Laboratory  Aniline  Plant; 

Selling  and  Administration  Expense  at 
Laboratory  Phenol  Plant. 

We  are  transferring  to  your  Pay-Holi 
Chauffeur  Fontzlaff,  who  has  previously  been  on  our  Pay-Roll 
here,  and  whoso  time  has  been  charged  equally  to  the  Aniline 
and  Phenol  Divisions. 

You  state  in  your  letter  "In  the  course 
of  my  investigation  I  have  found  that  the  Laboratory  and  the 
other  Works  in  the  immediate  vicinity  and  the  employees 
attached  thoreto  are  fully  conversant  with  the  numbers  of 
our  Shop  Orders,  and  charge  a  portion  of  their  time  to  them, 
although  they  render  us  no  service."  While  every  effort  is 
exercised  here  at  the  Laboratory  to  see  that  time  and  labor 
is  properly  charged  to  the  various  Shop  Ordors,  it  is 
possible  that  with  these  blanket  orders  there  has  been  at 
times  some  abuse  such  as  you  mention.  Under  the  plan  laid 
out  abovo  however,  this  should  be  overcome. 

Secretarial  Service  Dept. 

of  Thomas  A^  Edison, Personal 

Assistant  Secretary. 

C.C,  to  Messrs.  I.iambert  a  H.  F.  Miller. 

:  \f\  F.  Kuendig 



h,XJ_x  ^rvCW  \tfallisellen,  6/4/16*,  « 

imlcal  Walliseltan  (S 
Tolophono  Nr.  2€ 



iomas  A. Edison 

\Xr%  too-oi 

Ur^  (  _  . 

vvvtVo  to.ccT«-v" 

.son  Inc .  ChomicalJ|Vp: 


. c i******#^  ■ 

irmtfc.  %*~*‘**  f  4 

CL.^>  ^  W<U-f 


i  position  to  supply  you  w 

rational  processes 

facture  of  pharmaceutical  preparations, intermediate  products  and 
'••WtAfe-f  LO-fe.  uf-<fci.tll7 

dyes, and  beg  to  enclose  grou  a  list  of  same.  ( 

manufacture , and  have  been  managed  by  our 

.  takon  from  the  .wholesale 
■r  , 

r  own  experts  a'  long  time, 

so  that  you  may  be  assured, and  undertake  the  manufacture  without 
any  farther  thing, according  with  our  processes  and  drawings. 

Please  let  us  know  for  which  processes  you  are  in¬ 
terested,  so  that  we  may  give  you  more  details  about. 

With  interst  we  are  looking  forward  to  your  kind 
reply, and  beg  to  remain, dear  Sirs, 

Yours,  faithfully, 


'Fr.  F.  Kuendig 





j, , 

ifa  cf 




StxJU?  0  ?**%. 

' r ' 



WINONA,  MINNESOTA,  U.S.A.  April  6,  1916. 

L  a^o 

Thos .  A.  Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 


V/iiat  would  be  your  price  on  400  lbs.  of 
U.  3.  P.  Carbolic  Acid  Crystals  to  be  taken  out 
each  month  for  a  period  of  six  months,  and  £ 
your  price  on  300  lbs.  a  monthlfor  a  pgj 

//  #/// 

v^V'/’r  /7;W 

■  4.X.  X*  /  0)^f 

/  /*y  .v 

j&j  \  v\  rjBca&smo  ageki 

OKG^S.  JU\  &U.yc  u  : 
f  1'n-  aCuett-L  rfcwc*  ct  -»•>*<•>- f-t 

‘  ^  mWj 

/£«,.Yo  ^  lwr,,,  ,.y  t.  Uu.  i 

nc  ll.  5 -iP.  -  Cc~>uC^  at.Cc  m  <*«< 

^  Ut-u.c'b  ex l- |..<JC  C)U.<*/,uy>  S O  c^./o  . 


<ri  c  **/> 


fC,  , 

_ WBSTE jjjf  UNION 


SHNl)  .k»  UI...1..J  Ni(ht  nfi-T  ■rt‘j--* .«  Ih«  term..  Orange,  11  .J.  April  8th.  1916. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Port  Myers,  Fla. 

Wrote  Thursday  about  Magnesite.  Here  is  later  information.  School  has 
on  dock  fifty  tons  Grecian  powdered  calcined.  Contains  90  to  92  per 
cent  Oxide  Magnesia  and  one  and  half  per  cent  lime.  Remainder  alumina 
Price  96  to  100  dollars  ton.  On  account  great  demand  instant  action  nec¬ 
essary  if  you  want  it.  Ab  to  Chloride  Magnesium  Scheel  can  get  two 
three  weeks  from  Eastern  manufacturer  any  grade  you  speoify.  Price  sixty 
five  to  hundred  ten  dollars  ton  according  to  purity.  Scheel  does  not  know 
analysis  ohloride  he  supplied  last  summer. 


yC  ^r&co '  Csi_  G_  ^sssxl^La — 

CUsl  £_  O-uJ  &-J*  fy^L&UjLAtAl^  ^  ^UsL^Zk SSS m,j 

'-~^!jr^  . ' ,  s .  __  -c  -a  CbO-<-L-  y  slo  /&*■ —  j'^J-’^\'  ■^°^>  s^O 

UsU-UCLU^y  '  oLiy*  - 

0  Cj^  ^  u  y  — , 

GAtSs^^SL  &>- 

(f£Lrt~  9-  A^hxs  ^  o^l.  luCzz^j-^d)  S>J^c, 

C  a,  cbuL  ,  CUxs=L  <°£xxA^  Cuisi^  Sfh^-^O^^  &■ - . 

0  a^-<~J  -s£Cy  esusf^^ 

/oXCuUzz?  U<J!  ^  sCt^sJCs^  '^-Mdlo-'X,  - 
^tLL^>  J^U^-y  -co  ^ir-y  o~y 

SiytuJL-  "Co'*  Al^sf-  .X^  *^- 

CL  sic.  77L  /)  TrLt-u^ds.^^  suoCJ  9'<S^J.  si 

s^  ^o(V^W,  -^W  * 

<^£y  At-(L-  ?lo')C^~ y  —CC _ .  -CsJ^Uck.  J^'Z&A-a 

£tsl  ^/os-y  Os>  —sZlZy;  ^is-^c^iCA —  -'C^-'  CZ-wcsA 

^Urzui^y  ■  st'i'L'#s±_  —  eC&ss^  -^e^sh_  st cocu_<_c^  ^ 
-ytsLCr  e^CcLsJCfi^  Czlo  ^c^/o____  __-•  <3*y  '<*< — * 

^csyo  d^ZtW-,  Jinry/^JSSA^, 

(y^s.  §£js>C*  XUc.y^  &LsL^^x_  ^ 

st*s*se-  /oC^cL  aCa->  'XZ'Cc  Qn^zzcy. 

*~V  ^ — 

»_■  *7^o  yl O-j^llsJh^s — ^  ~stZ<Cy  ^cC-* — — 

y s^y*-~s^s3  si*  .  CLusy^is* —  — — 

/is*^  saCco-  ^c^cLuyc~~  cZ<££sA'y*~  ■'^0'-.c 


^loa-uus  <u«__.  ^<3  -*-^- 

^uxc-ytf  _  c ^r&->—  0-t^>^-  J^- 

CUyyx_  U  /CU)  "^/  k/'ty^r' 

^yc CL^e-c^c^J^c^'-^j 

S  ~/6l^  -^ta.  Ma^Ujzu  .&*****>- 

'VjWL^U^  «^\. 

(^AwO^-C.  VU^CC-- 




Aoril  8.  1916. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Eait  Orange, 

Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  5Jr.  Edison: 

The  Geological  Survey  is  compiling  statistics 
of  the  by-product  coke  industry,  and  has  been  informed  by  the 
Cambria  Steel  Company  that  for  a  statement  of  the  production 
of  benzol,  toluol,  solvent  naphtha,  and  naphthalene  ,  and  the 
value  of  the  products,  at  the  Edison  Plant  at  Johnstown,  Pa., 
application  should  be  made  to  you.  A  blank  for  the  desired 
data  is  inclosed  herewith,  and  an  envelope  for  its  return 
which  requires  no  stamp.  Information  of  this  character  is 
held  strictly  confidential  hy  the  Survey,  only  totals  for 
the  United  States,  and  their  values,  being  published. 


April  10th.  1916 

Mr.  Edison: 

I  do  not  want  to  trouble  you  with  one  thing  more 
than  I  can  possibly  help,  but  think  that  you  would  perhaps 
be  interested  in  seeing  this  letter. 

I  received  your  telegram  to  buy  25  tons  of  Cal¬ 
cined  Grecian  Magnesite,  powdered,  and  had  Sbheel  on  the 
telephone  long  before  nine  o'clock  this  morning.  The  26 
tons  are  bought  and  will  be  shipped  out  to  Silver  lake 
within  the  next  day  or  two.  I  presume  you  have  instructed 
Mason  about  how  to  use  it. 



;ipril  10th.  1916. 

Mr.  Brady: 

V.111  you.  y.loaeo  issuo  an  ordor  on  I’liomas  ... 
,;dison  Ho.  &  Phenol  Plant.  Silver  Lake,  for  the  follow, 

10  gallons  Benzol 
20  pounds  Phenol. 

•Xiioeo  are  to  be  delivered  to  .rid rows  in 
the  Chemical  i.oom.  hero  at  the  laboratory,  and  those 
materials  are  to  bo  usod  in  tho  manufacture  of  Para- 
amido  Phenol.  Hr.  Ldison  instructed  Mr.  »ndrewe  to 
manufacture  this  material  in  u  small  way  during  his 
absence,  und  these  su-.  plies  :ro  to  he  charged  to  413b, 
W.  H.  UBADlTiCaom. 

to  Mr.  Xollow. 

ril  11th.  1916. 

ii1.  B-wling: 

l  understand  from  Ur.  Barton  of  tho  Carbolic  Llvieion 
that  tho  Carbolic  euppllod  to  Mitcui  &  i.omi  any  from  Mr.  K  a  minor - 
hoff’e  Plant  ie  billod  to  your  1 ivioion,  end  in  turn  billed  by 
you  at  tho  eamo  price  to  illteui  &  Company. 

I  had  not  boon  adviBod  of  thie  practice  until  thio  morn¬ 
ing.  However,  this  iu  not  uuid  by  v;ay  of  criticism,  nor  h'.vo  1 
any  fault  to  find  with  the  arrongomont. 

Tho  purpooo  of  thie  note  if.  to  udvleo  you  that  Ur.  /.ara- 
morhoff 'o  .plant  ie  about  to  commence  making  deliveries  on  new 
contract  with  Mitsui  &  Company  for  134,400  pounds,  to  oo  ohi  pod 
in  monthly  ehlpmonte  during  .,pril(  May ,  June  and. July,  1916. 

?or  the  information  of  your  Billing  Department  let  mo  cry  that 
thie  Carbolic  ie  to  bo  billed  to  Uiteul  &  Company  at  76<[  por  pound, 
und  accompanying  oach  bill  it  to  ro  a  crodit  memorandum  in  favor 
of  i.iitcui  v  Company  for  6 4  por  pound,  .'hie  makes  the  not  price 
received  by  ue  from  Ulteui  h  Com;  any  70 4  per  pound ,  but  thii monte 
must  poeitively  bo  billed  in  accordanoo  with  tho  above  inetrue- 
tionr, ,  vhich  aro  part  of  tho  conditions  of  our  contract  with  Jiit- 
euit  Company. 

in  order  that  thoro  shall  be  no  mleundorutundingo  up¬ 
on  tho  rocordo,  Mr.  Kummorhoffe  plant  will  bill  tne  ehipraonte 
to  you  at  76^  por  pound,  and  accompanying  each  oill  with  u  robe to 
for  6 if  por  pound.  X  have  telephoned  to  Ur.  Burton  to  t.iic  effect 
and  have  cant  him  a  copy  of  thie  .oraorundura. 

U  J.  ilii-.DOV.CKOFT • 

april  11th.  1916. 

Mr.  V,.  S.  Cui'pc-ter ,  Jr., 

Assistant  Director, 

Development  Department, 

K.  I.  Du  Po-.t  De  ..eraours  A-  Co.. 

V. ilmington ,  Del. 

Dear  Mr.  Carpenter: 

Mr.  Edison  has  an  idea  thut  probably 
your  Company  may  havo  some’ Mixed  Acids  to  contract 
out  for  the  year  1917.  If  that  is  to,  can  you  say 
at  this  time  whether  you  will  be  open  to  eup-ly  say 
330  tons  a  month  for  the  year,  and  if  so  at  wnat 
price.  Our  formula  is  as  follows: 

59.00$  H2SO4 
26.27;*  HH03 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison, 

April  nth.  1916 

Ur.  J.  A.  Durkin^,  Vice  President, 

Butterv.orth-Judson  Company, 

61  nail  Stroet, 

Hew  York  City. 

Dear  Ur.  Durkin: 

Mr.  Edison  v.ould  like  tj  know  if  you  are  pre¬ 
pared  to /consider  a  renewal  o i  our  Mixed  Acid  contract 
for  the  year  191Y.  If  eo,  will  you  kindly  let  me  know 
what  is  the  hect  you  can  do  on  the  matter  of  price. 

He  has  sent  me  up  a  memorandum  from  Florida  ask¬ 
ing  me  to  collect  all  this  information  for  him  so  that  it 
will  he  ready  upon  his  return. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

^pril  11th.  1916. 

Philip  Smith,  Acting  Director, 
Department  of  the  Interior, 

United  States  Geological  survey. 

Dear  : ir  : 

Your  favor  of  the  eighth  instant  to  Mr.  Edison 
has  been  received  this  morning-  IIo  is  away  on  a  few  weeks 
vacationin  Florida,  and  we  do  not  expect  him  to  return  un¬ 
til  the  first  week  of  llay. 

We  are  sending  him  as  little  mail  as  possible, 
as  he  was  very  much  in  need  of  rest,  having  hod  no  vacation 
for  nearly  two  years-  be  will  get  the  data  together  and 
have  it  ready  for  him  by  the  time  he  returns,  so  that  he  may 
write  you  in  person,  if  it  will  not  then  be  too  late. 

I  assume  from  your  letter  that  the  value  of  the 
products  is  to  bo  the  valuo  at  the  works ,  not  the  selling 


yours  vory  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

19  Cedar  Street, 
Iiow  York. 

L- - 

April  11,  1916. 

ThomaB  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
i.est  Orange, 
ilev;  Jersey. 

Dear  Lir:- 

On  behalf  of  Col.  John  1.  Davis  I  beg  to 
advise  you  that  Mr.  Davis  i:  interested  in  the  contract 
between  yourself  and  Herbert  Lewis  of  this  city  for  the 
sale  of  a  certain  quantity  of  toluol  by  you  to  the  Mritish 
Government  through  J.  Morgan  A  Co.  of  this  city. 

That  Mr.  Davis  has  a  contract  with  Mr.  Lewis  wherein  the 
latter  agrees  that  Mr.  Davis  is  entitled  to  and  shall 
receive  ::  certain  percentage  of  the  commissions  due 
Mr.  Lewis  under  your  contract  with  him. 

I  m  informed  that  under  sai:d  contract  Hr.  Lewis 
has  already  boen  paid  by  you  between  fourteen  nd  fifteen 
hundred  dollars,  no  part  of  which  air.  Lewis  has  paid 
to  Col.  David  under  his  contract  with  Col.  Davis.  I  uIbo 
understand  that  an  assignment  of  Hr.  Lowis'  commission 
to 'the  Equitable  Trust  Company  has  been  served  upon  ..nd 
accepted  by  you,  which  sr.ic  assignment  was  made  subsequent 
to  the  time  of  ,ir.  Lewis'  contract  with  Hr.  Davis  and 
in  which  Hr.  Davis  did  not  join. 

3y  reason  of  the  above  facts,  1  desire  to  notify 
you,  on  behalf  of  Hr.  Davis,  not  to  pay  -my  ..r  tiler 
commission  to  cither  Mr.  Lewis  or  hit  > . signoo  or  a; eigneoB 
on  account  of  your  said  contract  with  him  without  the 
consent  of  Mr-  Davie,  his.  ar.Bignoo  or  nominoac ;  otherwise 
we  shall  be  compelled  to  hold  your  company  personally 
liable  for  ;!r.  Duvis'  interest  in  eaid  contract. 

I  would  really  appreciate  your  acknowledging 
receipt  of  this  let tor. 

Vory  truly  yours, 

(signed)  k.  Vv .  Donnon. 




ii ■  if 

American  Ribbon  Carbon  Co.  Eochoetoi-,  ii.Y.  March  lb,  1916-— unknown. 

Ebb  ox  Lubber  Comouny,  lno.  Trenton,  ii.J.  March  21 ,  1916 - 300  gallons. 

Edgortyn  Company',  lno .  26  Pine  I  t.  i.ow  York  City-Fob. 28, 1916—300  tons. 

H.  .  Forbes  £  Co.  18  Broadway,  i!ew  York  City,  March  27,  1916 —  unknown. 

High  Point  Hosiery  Mills,  High  Point,  R.  C.-  Fob.  26—  one  ton  por  month. 
McLaughlin  Oormley  king  Co.  1  Platt  St.  ii.Y.C. -Jan. 29,  1916-100  gallons. 

Orion  knitting  ilillc,  Kinston,  il .  C.  March  29,  1916-  ono  drum. 

;  trosen-Keuter  2-  Hancock,  lno.  Chicago,  Ill.  1,000  pounds. 

T.  r.  "odd  1:  Co.  42  Broadway,  new  Y.rlc  City,  Fob.  24,  1916—  unknown. 

\  hittakor  Co.  2bG  Front  St.  .low  York  City-March  6,1916-bto  10  barrels. 

Blagdon,  V.augh  Y  Co.4Lloyd’s  ,.vo.  I.ondon,  S.C.  England. Doc. 29, 1915 .unknown. 
Crov.n  Hosiery  Mills,  High  mint,  J.C.  Bov.  26,  1916,  ono  drum. 

Droxel  Knitting  Mills,  Droxcl,  II. C.  Doc.  20,  1915-Bix  drums. 

Dr.  C.  De  Felice,  590  E.  187th  St.  Dow  York  City-liov  .8 , 1915-  unknown. 

Parker,  5  teams  .  Co.  Brooklyn,  ii.Y.  Dec.  17,  191b-  1,000.  pounds. 
r.  Street  cc  Company,  Inc.  641  ...  Washington  St.  Chicago,  Ill.  2,000  pounds  | 
Sociedad  Gonoral  De  Eeprosentac  iones,  30  Church  St.  li  .Y.C  oc  .It  ,1915 .24tons 

.w.  y.atterei  Co.  Inc.  1182  Broadway,  ii  .Y.C.-llov.lO,1916 .  unknown. 

York  ’Knitting  Mi  11b ,  York.  Pa.  Feb.  10,  1916. -Unknown. 


Eastman  Kodak  Co.  :,ochestcr,  E.Y.  March  21,  1916.  -  6,000  to  10,000  pounds. 

S.  .. Jacobson  Co.  Ino.  217  Mercer  St.  ii .Y .C .-March  c4,  1916-100  lbs.  month. 

Moone  Chemical  Co.  Eochester.ilY.  -March  28,  1916.-600  lbs.  to  1000  lbs. 
American  Trading  Co.263road  St.  Ii.Y.C. -Jan. 26, 1916.—  unknown. 

3eavor  Mfg. Co.  Andovor .Mass .-  Uarchl4 , 1916 . -500  to  1,000  lbs.  por  month. 
Belleville  ...ctal  &  Chemical  Co.  Belleville,  iJ.J.  Jon. 28,  1916. --one  hundred  lbs 
Biehols  f  Tochow,98Maiden  Lane,  ii. Y.C. -Jan. 11,  1916.  2,000  to  3,000  lbs. 

G.  Gonnort,  24  East  15th  St.  ii.Y.C.  Feb.  2,  1916.  unknown. 

Stanley  Jordan  c:  Co.  116  Broad  St.  ii.Y.C.  Jan.  21.  1916.  * 

Meyer  Brothors  Drug.  Co.  St.  Louie,  Mo.  March  7,  1916.  1.000  to  ; 2,000  . ibs. 
Monarch  Paste  Co.  331  Mortimer  St.  Buffalo,  It.Y.  March  2nd,  1916-^.0  lb.  lots. 
Poorloss  Mfg.  Co.  36  BromtHiold  St.  Boston,  Masse  March  9,  1916-  unknown. 
Synthetic  Chemical  Co.  Inc. 2403  Singer  31dg.  IJ.Y.C.  Feb. 1,1916.  unknown. 
Talcott  Chemioal  Co.  iiapa,  Cal.  Fob.  14,  1916.  unknown.  . 

Tumor  «  Hefler,  Hyde  Park,  Mass.  Jan.  15,  1916-100  pound  lots. 

The  i.hite  Tar  Co.  103  John  St.  ii.Y.C. -Feb.  lb,  1916.  260  tons. 


“•  /.tteaux  Djostuff  *  Ohe.lo.l  Co.  Ltd.^colbo™, 

Boston  Blacking  Co.  East  Cambridge,  Mass.  Sopt.  16,  1916-  unknown. 

F.  Bredt  &  Co.  240  V.ater  St.  ii.Y.C.  Uov.  13,  1916  ,  unknown. 

Baohineier  &  Co.  Underhill  Bldg.  ii.Y.  Sopt. 27,  1916.-  unknown. 

5he  Brunsene  Co.  ^Bbury  Park,  li.J.  Sept.  27,  1915. — cb  to  100  lbs. 

Chomioal  Dye  Mfg.  Co.  822  Carloton  Bldg.  St.  Louis,  Mo.  March  9,1916.3,000  lbB 
Eisnor-Mendolson  Co. 90  West  St.  Ii.Y.C.  Sopt.  16,  1915—  unknown. 

French  Steam  Dye  works,  49  Circle,  Ind.idnapolis ,  Ind.  Deo. 6,  19 lb -unknown. 
James  *.  Cray,  12b  blast  46th  St.  ii.Y.C.  Sept.  £9,  1916—  unknown, 
s imon  Herzig  Sons  Co.  48  V.est  26th  St.  D.Y..C.  Ilov.9,  1916— unknown. 

International  Chemical  &  Munition  Co.  7(0  Devonshire  St.  3oeton,  Msbb  . 

uct.  6,  1916—26  to  60  lb.  lote . 
George  E.  Keith  Co.  Cumpollo,  Mass.  Ilo.v.  16,  1916 —  unknown. 

Kalle  Color  &  Chemical  Co.  Inc.  630  Canal  St.  II - Y . C .  Oct. 4,  1916-  unknown. 
Irving  6.  Levy,  467  16th  St.  Brooklyn,.  ii.Y.-  Sept.  22,  1916 —  unknown. 

Dr.  Leo.  ;,lannheimer-v  The  Jewish  Community  of  Ii.Y.C.,  366  Second  ..venue, 

Dew  York  City. —  thounBand  lb.  lots. 

Arthur  D.  ilosworthy,  375  Fulton  St.  Brooklyn, D .Y.  March  16,  1916 .-unknown. 
Omnicolor  Co.  £02  E.29th  St.  ii.Y.C.-  Dec.  16,  1915—  Unknown. 

'.. .  U.  Parsons ,  17  Charles  St.  II.Y.C. -Dec.  14,  1916—  unknown. 

E.  J.  Portner,  102  ...  Mahhattan  .we.  Jersey  City  Heights,  II. J.  Oct.  i. ,  1916 

100- to  200  pounds. 

E.  E.  Street  &  Co.  Inc.  641: Washington  St.  Chicago,  Ill.  Dec.  17,  1916. 

three  thounsand  pounds . 

F.  ...  Thompson  &  Co.  Detroit,  liich.  Fob.  14,  1916.  unknown. 

John  C.  i.iarda  6  Co.  Brooklyn,  II. Y. -Sept.  14,  1915.  unknonn. 

J.  D.  williams,  Inc.  267  V.yckoff  St.  Brooklyn.Ii.Y.  Ilov/  16,  1916.  unknown. 
iVhittomore  Bros.  Corp.  60  Albany  St.  Cambridge,  Mass.  Oct.  14,  1915-unknown 

Secretary  of  the  Treasury, 

Washington,  D.  C. 

S  I  St¬ 
ar.  Edison  v.ishes  .e  to  ascertain  what, if  any, 
duty  is  payable  on  crude  nunlithaline  und  sublimed 
naphthaline  coming  from  Canada  to  this  Country. 
Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  reply,  I  remain, 
¥ours  respectfully. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 


_ :ral  Elastic  Compound 

Federal  Pulley  Facing 

ice  and  factory  Phase  address  reply  lo  lien.  Pork  Office 
Cuevas  ijvnb,  Ohio. 

New  Yohk  Office.  120  Liberty 
Phone,  Rector 

Gentlemen:  ^ 

T7e  are  informed  that  you  rnanufactur 
aniline  oils  and  salts  and  would  appreciate 
very  much  having  you  advise  us  whether  you  would 
he  interested  in  crushed  iron,  which  we  manufac¬ 
ture  as  a  by-product  in  our  foundry  Supply  mil 
connected  with  our  graphite  business. 

During  the  past  months,  we  supplied 
some  very  large  firms  in  your  line  with  this  raw 
material  for  the  purpose,  as  we  understand,  of  \U 
’ocess .  ' 

substituting  hydrochloric-acid  by  e 

iping  to  be  favored  with  your  prompt 
re  beg  to  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 


J.  D.  L006.  Eastern  Ming  Agent. 

hit’  Pduuru. 

JluJi  u<i  cl  i-lccv  erwe  enx  me. 

n^tT-M  l  C^ltcr-V  f&etst  frctC  (AL-u-3  <t)  Uim  t  ■  i 

•l/c.  €ojlC.£xj 


7  h 


\i  Jl  jr  » i«n.  1»».  ^ 


ren^mbex^  tnat^Ur .  Masbn  sent  ygu  down-^  memorandurr^a^ay  or 

vf- t.-f  ^ue) 

,at  JohnB- 

Dear  Mr.  Edison 
You.  will  rei 

imember  that. Mr.  Masbn  sent 

dr  vi-V  dctjCC^ 

ago  in  regard  to  llaphthftlne  at  John&bo.... 
This  aftern^bn^na|  a~ t^lephoM  cajm  frc 

reco  ct  q»  i 

from  Mr . 

Ir.  Slick's,  offfce ,a1 

_  __  jyjide^ Jlfeplrthi'S!ine‘<^<1 

&£$>  abo^SttSpat^rtiy^hScp! 

town.  They  said 
Benzol  Plant 

tract  with  you,  tl^ey  wante^^o  see  if 'they  could  not  arrange  some  disposi¬ 
tion  of  it.  I  told  them  that  although  it  was  not  sjieodrftoajlly  mentioned 
in  the  contract,  it  had  always  been  in  your  mVrfd  that  the  naphthaline  would 
also  belong  to  you,  to  be  paid  for,  of  course ,  if "you^took  it  away,  on  a 
royalty  basis  at  the  rate  you  paid  for  Solvent  HantvCna.  They  said  they  were 
not  aware  that  you  had  had  the  naphthaline  in^mnd,  but  if  that  was  so, 
they  would  like  to  have  a  proposition  from  J 

I  told  them  that  at  our  Woodward  Plant  the^sMie  condition  had  pre¬ 
vailed,  but  that  down  there  we  were  subliming  it,  a^id  paid  the  Woodward 
Iron  Company  a  royalty  of  1  l/4^  per  pound,  which  was  on  the  basis  of 
Solvent  Naphtha  at  10^  per  gallon.  They  said  that  a  local  concern  at  Johns¬ 
town  was  subliming  Naphthaline,  and  that  they  (Cambria  Steel  Company)  sold 
their  crude  Naphthaline  to  this  local  concern.  I  said  that  the,  only  thing 
I  could  do  was  to  write  to  you  this  afternoon  and  lay  the  facts  before  you. 
They  said  that  they  were  very  desirous  of  having  the  matter  arranged  as  quick¬ 
ly  as  possible,  and  requested  me  to  ask  you  to  kindly  write  immediately  and 
say  what  you  were  willing  to  do  about  it. 

1  jave  just  spoken  to  Mr.  Mason  about  it,  and  he  Bays  it  is  not  worth 
while  to  put  up  a  sublimer  at  Johnstown.  Anyway, we  have  only  about  a  car¬ 
load  of  the  crude  Naphthaline  at  Johnstown,  and  it  would  scarcely  pay  to 
ship  it  to  Woodward  to  be  sublimed.  This  carload  is  the  accumulation  of 
about  a  year. 




.f ‘'“Yours  very  truly. 

t^EquitableTrust  Company ofNew  York 

t  under  said  assignment  and  the  number  of  gallons  of  Toluol 

b  would  appreciate  a  prompt  r 

April  14th.  1916 

opinion  it  is  merely  a  fishing  expedition  to  find  out  the 
number  of  gallons  of  Toluol  still  to  be  delivered  under 
the  contract  so  that  lewiB  con  bring  suit  against  you. 

Of  course,  we  shall  have  to  answer  the  question 
sooner  or  later,  but  in  the  meantime,  and  until  you  return 
llorth,  it' would  be  my  plan  to  pursue  dilatory  tactics,  namely, 
by  replying  to  this  letter  and  saying  that  we  do  not  know  when 
the  Equitable  Trust  Company  can  expect  another  payment!,  as 
we  cannot  make  shipment  on  account  of  an  embargo  laid  by  the 
railroad,  companies .  They  will  reply  to  this  repeating  the 
question  as  to  the  number  of  gallons  of  Toluol  still  to  be 
delivered,  and  we  can  simply  delay  replying  to  this  a  few  • 
days  longer. 

Y.  .  H.  MEADOW  CKOl'T . 

..pi'll  IE.  tli.  1916. 

Ihe  J.  H.  V.atkiae  Medical  Co., 
iVinona,  '.linn. 

attention  of  Mr.  C.  K.  Ooldsborough. 

Gentlemen : 

Your  favor  of  the  sixth  instant  was  received ,  but  b 
fore  replying  I  was  obliged  to  consult  with  :ir.  Edison  v.ho  is 
in  Florida  at  the  present  time. 

I  nave  just  received  word  from  him  that  he  is  will¬ 
ing  to  contract  for  a  period  of  six  months,  commencing  June 
1st  or  July  1st.  whievor,  you  prefer,  for  400  pounds  per  month 
of  Carbolic  Acid  crystals  at  B0<f  per  pound-  V.e  could  not  guarantee 
the  Carbolic  to  he  strictly  U.  E •  - • .  hut  it  would  ho  of  the 
same  quality  as  wo  are  now  shipping  to  you.  Shis  ouotation  is 
made  subject  to  prior  sale. 

I  regret  to  say  that  wo  shall  he  unable  to  rauko  you 
a  quotation  for  a  monthly  supply  covering  a  period  of  one  year, 
as  wo  have  not  yet  secured  our  acids  and  other  supplies  for  next 


Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

It  ie  quite  probable  that  our  good  friends 
the  various  Acid  Companies,  such  as  the  General  Chemical  Co., 
Grasselli  Chemical  Co.,  Butterworth-Judson  Co.  or  Contact 
Process  Company,  could  handle  this  business.  If  you  do  not 
see  your  way  clear. to  contract  for  your  tonnage  with  any  outside 
concerns,  we  would  request  that^youjiake  the__majj^-up  again 
with  us,  say  Ju#£  1st,  at  which  time  our  position  regarding 
1917  will  be  very  much  clearer. 

We  thank  you  for  having  placed  your  inquiry  before 


to  the  Director  of  Purchases. 

April  17th. 

Mr.  John  Bacon,  Jr., 

a  The  Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Johnstown,  Pa. 

Bear  Siir: 

V.ill  you  kindly  send  me  a  statement  showing  how 
many  gallons  you  have  shipped  of  Benzol,  Toluol  and  Sol¬ 
vent  naphtha  since  the  plant  started  up  to  the  date  of  your 
last  shipment,  all  I  want  is  the  grand  total  of  each  one, 
nothing  in  detail.  Please  also  state  the  date  of  the  first 
shipment  and  of  the  last  shipment-  If  possible  I  would  like 
to  have  you  get  this  off  to  me  by  the  end  of  the  week.  Mr. 
Edison  wants  these  figures. 

Your b  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

ii.pril  17  th.  1916. 

Ur.  Clauae  H.  Opdyke, 

5.  The  Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

Woodward  Iron  Company, 

Woodward ,  Ala. 

Dear  Ur.  Opayke : 

'.'.ill  you  kindly  send  me  a  statement  showing  how 
many  gallons  you  have  shipped  of  Benzol,  Toluol  and  Sol¬ 
vent  Naphtha  since  the  plant  started  up  to  the  date  of  your 
last  shipment..  -11  I  want  is  the  grand  total  of  each  one, 
nothing  in  detail.  Please  also  state  the  date  of  the  first 
shipment  -nd  of  the  last  shipment-  If  possible  I  would  like 
to  have  you  get  this  off  to  me  by  the  end  of  the  week.  lir. 
Edison  wants  these  figures. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

P.S.  Please  also  give  mo  the  same  information  for  Sublimed 
Naphthaline . 


Attention  of  Mr.  C. 

Gentlemen : 

Jfcrkus .  t 

« ^  r , 

Hr.  Kdison  (La  contemplating  the  possibility  of  put ting  in 
tity  in  the  Laboratory. 

ana  “the  work  has  boon! 
ing  a  very  smell  quanj 

Para  mido  ilienol  is  used  for  some  other  urpo;  ee  besides 

prod  act  bein'-  ki.ovm  as\"commorcial" . 

t  ->n  •rit>np\o  you  in  advance  of  i-h:.  Edison’s  return  to 
i.t  „„„  .toj. «.!. V ■  « out 

ea  in  the  product  if  ne  +hi?  material  for  photo- 

but  have  produced  some  of  the  commercial,  and  even  v.ith  this  v.e 
have  developed  both  plates  and  prints  very  satisfactorily. 

yours  very  truly, 

.ssistant  to  Ur. 

*,  ,  C[C^  VC  -  f 

]\P  ^  ,c-^i 

T  i  (*4  J 



..pril  18th.  1916. 

Swedish  Chumbcr  of  Commoree, 

Produce  Exchange  Annex, 
llew  York  City. 


Heferring  to  our  telephone  conversation 
this  afternoon,  v.e  beg  to  say  that  we  understand 
that  there  is  a  demand  oy  Swedish  paper  manufactur¬ 
ers  for  Sulphite  of  Soda,  and  as  we  are  producing 
this  material  at  the  rate  of  about  a  ton  a  day,  v.-e 
desire  to  coll  your  attention  to  that  effect. 

We  will  forward  a  sample  of  our  nroduct 
to  you,  and  uhal ;  bo  glad  to  have  inquiries  referred 
to  us. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  laboratory. 


& ,  ?dt-jcni 


U~ Or/  ?)  ly&i  J  f  7 Cet  , 

■d  ft Or/ 



flic.  /Lit  n  *\<  HCf 


/f\li  luontfi  f  I ilt-t  onv  Cati/rac-J  jer  One 

(ifhj  4,J  per  tuon/f  U-c'/C  nr/  Sc 

, ,  t  neM/b 

pe'itne>4  c>cuy,  &pai  ofcnm*^ 

/on  ,  Hopjm  rut  /enl  op 



,  l, lei  /tortiAi  'Conjoint 

One  Snneh‘re>  ffl//y 

Cm  c'fJt'vn  SjcneraC 

/  y*.  3* 

/innc/re'd  /°hj  mon/S  .  ei/ 

ci  Sc,  f>e  y~ 



one  Sn  n  c/i-cc>  c/o&cvu  /on,,  /YtCC 
j  yyj<  6(c.  t  /“  /  /Iceoinnicnefi  Cccccpf-inj  . 
rj  cy/iepptny  eviecnti  -nfeo  ,  fife  tut// 

nine/ l  '>iciie/i,j .  CcCj/l/  ^ICA'  Cf 



tfftt  OOCs 

ft*  >>t  n\t\ /ityjY .  tie/'/c,-  yc~tt\ 

t  yti  ic/tCy. 

fy '  M ■  ?lLcci^>^turt  <~f  (L 


10  NY  H  63  NL 












nighjWtter . 

21  NY  H  33  NL 





323  AM 

Equitable  Crust  Company  of  Hew  York. 
37  Wall  Street, 

How  York  City. 


Your  favor  of  the  15th  instant  was  received 
and  forwarded  to  Mr.  Edison,  who  is  in  .Florida . 

He  directs  us  to  write  and  say  th.t  v.e  do 
not  know  when  another  uaymentscan  be  made  on  account 
of  commissions  under  the  contract  of  Mr.  Herbert  lewis 
with  Mr.  Edison.  He  have  been  unable  to  make  any  ship¬ 
ment  recently  on  account  of  the  embargo  laid  by  the 
railway  companies. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Edison  Laboratory. 

April  21st.  1,916. 

The  Federal  Oraohite  Mills, 

120  liberty  Street, 

Ilev.  York  City. 


Your  favor  of  the  12th  instant  was  received  and  for 
wardod  to  Mr.  Edison,  who  is  in  Florida, 

lie  has  returned  it  mo  me,  asking  me  to  write  to  you 
and  get  sample  and  price  of  tho  crushed  iron  which  you  manu¬ 
facture  as  a  by-product. 

I  v.ould  suggest  a  samplo  of  three  or  four  pounds, 
and  would  ask  that  you  kindly  address  it  to  me  personally  at 
this  address.  There  is  such  an  immense  amount  of  material  com¬ 
ing  here  addressed  to  Thomas  ...  Edison  that  your  sample  might 
get  side-tracked  if  addressed  to  him.  Please  quote  in  tons  and 
carload  lotB. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 




a  testimony  uf  the  value  of  our  aervicen.  The  membership  fee  la  only  415:- 
a  your,  und  we  hope  that  you  will  return  at  your  earliest  convenience  the 
unnoxed  membership  application  properly  filled  out  and  aimed. 

We  are  sending  you  under  separate  cover  a  copy  of  our  monthly 
bulletin,  The  Swedioh-American  Trade  Journal,  which  you  will  as  a  member 
receive  regularly. 

Assuring  you  that  we  shall  doem  it  a  great  pleasure  to  entor 


A.  G.  STILLWELL.  B.  S. 


76 y,  PINE  STREET 


Analysis  No.  20357 

NEW  YORK . April  2l/lG 




received  from  T.J. Parker, 4/30/lC 

Crystallized  Sodium  Acetate  99.15  ^ 

Anhydrous  Sodium  Acetate  59 .70 

^pril  22nd.  1916. 

William  H.  Scheel_,  EBq... 

119  “ai^  York* City.  Attention  of  G.H.Lincks.  EBq.. 
Dear  Sir: 

deferring  to  our  telephone  conversation 
of  the  15th  instunt,  and  to  the  prices  ;.ou  then  quoted 
from  your  manufacture  of  Magnesium  Chloride,  I 
submitted  the  same  to  Ur.  Edison.  I  have  just  received 
a  memorandum  from  him  this  morning  stating  that  the 
price  is  entirely  too  high  for  his  purpose,  and  he 
can  use  the  Calcined  Oxide,  v.hich  v.ill  be  much  cheaper. 

V.o  may,  therefore,  be  in  the  market  or 
Calcined  Oxide  from  time  to  time,  and  shall  expect 
to  call  upon  you  occasionally  for  quotations. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Asistant  to  Ur.  Edison. 

Dear  Sir: 

Concerning  our  telephone  conversation  of  today 

we  bog  to  advise  that  we  can  supply  you  on  short  notice 
Magnesium  Chloride  substantially  according  to  the  follow¬ 
ing  specifications.  In  carload  lots-pure  Magnesium  Chloride 
containing  not  over  1  l/2$e  lime  -  $120.  per  ton. 

Magnesium  Chloride  containing  not  over  7?;.  lime  -  $110. 
per  ton. 

Magnesium  Chloride  containing  not  over  12J,  lime  -  $100. 
per  ton. 

All  F.  0.  B.  Works.  Freight  rate  would  probably  be 
not  over  12  or  15  cents  per  hundred.  In  comparie®)  with  the 
German  chloride  all  of  the  above  grades  contain  less  im¬ 
purities,  although  the  graded  quoted  at  $100.  per  ton  may 
contain  trifle  more  lime.  If  you  are  going  to  use  it  for  floor¬ 
ing  you  need  not  be  afraid  to  use  the  third  grade  on  account 
of  its  lime  contents-  i’here  are  concerns  using  it  for  the  same 
purpose  that  contain  a  higher  percentage  of  lime. 

Yours  very  truly, 

flV*  t :  , 

J  'Ucttved  ye*** 

f<n~  ^  a - ~~~ 

.  J>  <r<=aXk3  ^  ^ 

cl  -W  S,y(U.S  «*•  0-^*3  ^  ~V 

■3c&.t*jC  ccUjU*  /tZ^‘  »***■  /Aj^'  ^ 


Vj5^  \V.  >VAeok.^l<H»>0\ 



^tQojO  \wVrJ  '. 


Ph  ,1  c  , 

Vjii(^<r^Jjj-^>_\  GiLoi, 

a^oJL  2  2- n» 

^  ^  <3^v.a-wi  \eAoSi  a 

erp“  rvv*.o5«jCkoS - .  o^to  — - «, 

2  *7  2»  I  2>  I  <T^o-Q-<2_cr-Vv^J  (r-c_^\ — ry^-a-^- 
6  .  .^bzj)..  0_  o 

3£7I  l/lU  « 

I  5  l  4-0  11  K c^Uyrv/vvk  'Vlo-^V^oj. 


K%  tv^yi  (D  ^^/wjlaaA 


KA  UiJdL 

\o^3^^oWaJ  ‘ 

I  3  <o  I  O  “J  /'V'-  oJ^  oJLaa^S. 

Ifa)  C/vOS-A  G>  &l/w 

tSjC  '  •• 

•  loraA  fc^j»Av-lA^  04a>uJl  ZZ  -I  <» 

*+  -'S  ••  \.  &U&  t  n-  *  <“ 

*6-  I  S' 
4--  Iff 

\oi^  Z*-  '<• 

LOo-o-A  u 

K.  <5>  ^-+-ffV^>  -£i«i 


Varnish  Qums, 



Chemicals,  and 
Supplies  for 
Varnish  Manufacturers 

Mr.  Thomas  j 


159  Maiden  Lane  and  37  Fletcher  Stn 

Hew  Jersey. 

Attention  of 

Mr.  Via.  H.  Meadow;: 

Your  esteemed  favor  of  the  i!2nd  inst.,  is  in  our 
possession  today,  Y/e  regret  the  unfavorable  response  with  re¬ 
ference  to  Magnesium  Chloride.  We  understand  now  that  you  will 
utilize  the  Calcined  Greecian  Magnesite  as  per  the  recent  deli¬ 
veries  made  to  your  goodselveB.  We  will  probably  have  an  ad¬ 
ditional  offering  to  present  to  your  attention  tomorrow  and  we 
are  also  at  work  on  a  definite  proposal  with  reference  to  the 
California  product.  This  i3  said  to  take  the  place,  in  a  very 
large  measure,  of  the  Greecian  product  at  lower  prices  and  of 
better  quality. 

With  reference  to  the  deliveries  recently  made  would 
say  that  we  cannot  enter  an  invoice  for  the  reason  that  the 
numbers  of  the  barrels  are  not  yet  in  our  possession.  You  under¬ 
stood  of  course  that  our  invoices  were  to  be  rendered  on  a  net 
cash  ten  day  basis,  In  fact  we  paid  cash  against  delivery  order 
and  naturally  would  like  to  have  the  matter  settled  as  quickly 
as  possible  so  that  a  remittance  could  come  to  us  by  early  mail. 
Instruct  your  Aniline  Plant  therefore  to  send  to  us  the  numbers 


*c  morale 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

on  both  shipments  so  that  an  invoice  can  be  rendered.  We  parti 
larly  desii'e  the  numbers  on  the  first  shipment. 

Yours  truly, 


WJXs/MrJJ  ” 



•/,  7 


Vnytk*y>'kfi  f  April  25th.  1916. 


t  'n^ 

Stibn  of  Mr  ■  Whittaker .  fi 

^OyL^J  Y*-  iK=r-X-w 

During  my  absence  in  Florida,  Ur.  Meadowerp£±, .  has  Jmd  .»»»— ■—- 
so me  telephone  conversation  with  you  ahoht  di4paed-%#oft  ®vc-*  ^ 

the  crude  naphthaline  at  my  Benzol  PlantUTbcated  at  your  Works 
As  he  informed  you,  it  was  my  /under standing,  although  not  specA 
ifically  mentioned  in  the  contract,  that  all  the  by-products  ex¬ 
tracted  from  the  gases  would  naturally  be  at  my  disposal. 

As  Mr.  Meadowcrof t /told  you, a  like  condition  exislfc 
in  regard  to  my  Benzol  Plant/ contract  with  the  Woodward  IronN 
Company,  and  later,  when  we  /found  we  could  dispose  of  the  naph¬ 
thaline,  it  was  arranged  that  X  should  pay  for  it  on  the  same 
basis  as  if  it  were  Solvent/llaphtha,  figuring  7.25  pounds  per 
gallon, thus  making  the  royalty  1  1/4  cents  per  pound  for  the  naph¬ 
thaline.  j 

I  understand  tha't  this  arrangement  is  agreeable  to  the 
Cambria  Steel  Company,  an'd  would,  therefore,  say  that  I  am  will¬ 
ing  to  sell  my  crude  naphthaline  to  the  concern  you  mention  at 
2  i/2  cents  per  pound,  .«□»  I  will  pay  the  Cambria  Steel  Company 
royalty  of  1  1/4  cent? per  pound.. 

, trusting  tl/is  will  be  satisfactory,  I  remain^ 
rcours  very  truly. 

?)}*  fdutn 
/o,  Hi 



Me  Cfxw  \Crto,  4».  ***  Q«»/ 

Me.  huji.iltfia.ti  nr. 


Hi)  it  tiff w  it  tri  »neH/iwwJ* 

Can/m  l-i~t  n< 

.X  J  o\*.JiU"C 

OJ  ive  ch£ 

Y  f\  a**c-  a.  CO\/o£t»>  an 

^  ft.  totO  jiiit 

7“w,~*  ■ 

April  26th.  1916. 

Mr.  II.  F.  Millor : 

In  regard  to  the  shlpraont  of  Toluol  and  or  our 
contract  with  J.  P.  Morgan  &  Company  for  tho  British 
Govormaont  we  have  at  loot  rocolvod  word  from  tho  forward¬ 
ing  agents ,  Uuiiuun  &  Mooro,  that  tho  ■ onneylvania  Kail- 
road  Company  will  authorise  their  Johnstown  agont  to  ac¬ 
cept  the  last  two  shipment,  nnmoly,  lotr.  Hoc.  9  and  10. 

I  have  tologruphod  Mr.  Bacon,  thoroforo,  to  make  tno  chlp- 

I  have  two  objects  in  view  in  sanding  you  this 
memorandum/  One  is  to  notify  you  that  we  eheil  now  bo 
able  lo  make  tho  shipment,  ant  the  other  1e  to  call  your 
attention  to  the  fact  that  there  it  come  disputo  in  re¬ 
gard  to  the  commission  of  Mi.  Korbcrt  I.ovie,  and  tho  mattor 
is  being  takon  up  by  our  legal  Department. 

X,  thoroforo,  want  to  call  your  particular  atten¬ 
tion  to  this  and  to  ool:  you  not  to  puy  lewis '  commission 
until  you  have  tho  Banotion  of  Mr.  Kdieon  and  tho  Logal 
Department.  till  you  please  advise  mo  when  you  huvo  ro- 
coivod  payment  from  J.  Morgan  «  Cora. any.  I  will  sond 
you  tho  bill  of  lading  und  shipping  lists  in  duo  timo  uftor 
tho  shipment  is  mode. 

In  ordor  to  avoid  any  possibility  of  any  olip-up 
I  am  sending  a  carbon  copy  of  this  memorandum  to  Mr.  Kollow 
and  to  Mr.  Haas. 

ii.  MEAhOViCKOE'S. 



We  have  concluded  our  experimental  work 
on  the  two  ounce  sample  of  Commercial  Pa.ramidoph.enol  which 
you  sent  ub  and  although  this  chemical  possesses  no  developing 
properties  whatever, this  condition  influenced  us  in  malting  a 
further  analysis  which  leads  to  the  discovery  that  the  material 
is  Paranitrophenol.Have  you  a  price  on  this  latter  article? 


Wooim  Attn  Ikon  Company 

lVboimra),AiA.  April  26,  1916. 

k  ^ 

^  L 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  II .  J 
Bear  Sir:-  \ 

We  are  in  recolpt  of  yours  of  the  2l3t  in  regard  to  making  a 
contract  with  the  American  Oil  A  Supply  Company  for  a  period  of  eighteen 
months  covering  their  supply  of  subliried  naphthalene  flakes,  their  re¬ 
quirements  being  from  18  to  20  tons  perNmonth. 

We  note  that  they  offer  10(i  a  pdund.  As  we  understand  it, 
this  price  is  f.  0.  b.  Newark.  -  We  are  willirato  accept  the  price  of 
10(i  a  pound  but  hope  you  will  be  able  to  get/  10-^t  to  help  take  care  of 

Wo  would  also  want  some  provision  in  the  contract  that  would 
otect  us  in  case  wo  found  it  necessary  to  shut  down  our  benzol  plant 
ring  the  period  covered  by  the  contract.  Vie  take  it  as  a  matter  of 
urse  that  you  will  want  to  protect  yourself  in  the  same  way. 

Yours  truly, 


Vice  President, 

lly  dear  Ur.  Meadowcroft:- 

Your  favor  of  April  18th  In  referonco  to 
sulphite  of  soda  reached  this  office  during  my  at 3 once.  In  the 
meantime,  however,  my  assistants  communicated  the  contents  of 
your  letter  to  our  Manufacturing  Department  and  thoy  advise 
us  that  while  we  have  not  used  sulphite  of  soda  in  our  process 
to  any  extent,  we  might  ho  able  to  use  it,  if  wo  could  obtain 
it  at  a  price  that  would  compete  with  the  sulphite  of  calcium 
which  we  no w  use  in  large  quantities.  We  would  appreciate  it, 
therefore,  if  you  would  advise  us  at  what  prioo  you  could 
furnish  this  product  in  carload  lots,  and  you  can  possibly 
estimate  our  probably  consumption  from  the  fact  that  wo  use 
about  60  tons  a  day  of  lime. 

American  Printing.  Company, 
Fall  Elver,  Mass. 

Gentlemen : 

You  are  probably  quite  well  aware  of  the  un¬ 
settled  state  of  the  market  for  all  kinds  of  raw  materials, 
which  has  affected  all  ines  of  commerce.  Like  other  manu¬ 
facturers,  I  have  had  a  moat  unusual  experience  ever  since 
the  beginning  of  tho  war  in  Europe,  and  now  find  myself  in 
the  position  of  being  coranelled  to  decide  very  quickly 
whether  or  not  X  shall  continue  to  manufacture  aniline  Oil 
next  year.  She  great  difficulty  of  obtaining  acids  and 
other  raw  materials  makes  it  necessary  for  me  to  take  ac¬ 
tion  vory  :uickly  if  I  am  to  remain  in  the  business. 

I  can  only  decide  the  question  by  ascertaining 
whether  or  not  rny  present  customers  will  desire  to  make 
new  contracts  with  me  for  the  year  1917 .  If  you  will 
kindly  consider  this  matter  and  advise  me  at  your  early  con¬ 
venience  I  snail  be  much  obliged. 

Yours  very  truly. 

April  27th.  19 1G. 

Dr.  Fr.F.  Kuendig, 


Zurich,  Switzerland. 

Dear  Sir: 

Your  favor  of  the  sixth  instant  has  been 
handed  to  Ur.  .Edison,  and  he  has  read  the  same  with 
much  interest. 

He  wishes  me  to  say  in  reply  that  we  are 
interested  only  in  buying  a  process  for  making  Para- 
phenylenediamine  that  is  a  cheaper  process  than  the 
usual  one,  in  which  Hitro-Acetanilid  is  employed. 
Glacial  Acetic  Acid  is  very  expensive  at  this  time, 
and  we  want  to  avoid  the  necessity  of  using  it  for 
making  Puraphenylenediamine-  llr.  Edison  wishes  to 
know  whether  you  can  offer  him  a  cheaper  process, 
and  if  so,  at  what  price.  He  says  that  later  on  we 
may  want  to  buy  other  processes . 

.-t  the  present  time  wo  are  manufacturing 
aniline  Oil,  aniline  Salt,  laranhenylenediamine, 
Para  Araido  Phenol,  and  Phenol  in  large  ouantities. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Ur.  Edison. 


April  28,  JS16. 

ilitsui  i  Coir,  any,  Limited, 

25  i.adison  Avenue, 

New  York  City.  Attention  Takaki  . 


You  have  robsbly  nctioeri  by.  the  news- 
arors  that  ve  are  hrving  a  strike  at  our  Carbolic 
riant  at  Silver  Lake.  It  h  e  listed  three  days 
so  far,  ••  nd  we  do  not  know  when  it  will  be  over,  but 
hope  that  it  ir.r.y  not  1  a  at  much  longer. 

1  mn  --dvisir.g  you  about  this,  as  it  may 
affect  t'- v  deliveries  under  ycur  existing  Carbolic 
contract.  1  t^ust,  nov/ovor,  hat  there  will  be  no 
serious  delay. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Mr.  Plummer,  our  ex-Preeidcnt,  spoke  to  me  some  time 

ago  about  our  arrangement  with  you  covering  Benzol,  and  asked 
that  I  have  the  matter  put  in  proper  form.  Since  Mr. Plummer's 
resignation  I  have  been  extremely  busy,  and  have  only  now  had  an 
opportunity  of  attending  to  this  matter. 

I  have  pleasure  in  enclosing  herewith  contract  form 
in  duplicate  covering  the  arrangement  Mr. Plummer  made  with  you 
some  time  ago,  and  will  be  very  pleased  if  you  will  sign  the 
same  and  return  to  me  here  for  completion. 

I  hope  to  have  the  pleasure  of  meeting  you  in  the 
not  very  far  distant  future,  and  if  time  permits,  will  make 
it  a  point  to  go  over  to  Orange  some  time  when  I  am  in  Hew  York. 

fcU  lu  ti 

7/c-i.e-  dll  iCx. 

At  fel/  , 

^  T‘~  "T 

“fy  i  **■ 





April  28 V  1916. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Hast  Orange 
Dear  Sirs! 


take  the  liberty  of  adqrdsBing  yeu'  w^jthi,a  /jjiev 


"  LX?^ 


,  M.  J./JuXL 

JL^JU^  f" 

»  ■  ->tc 

of  obtaining  an  expression  of  y(our  opinion  a^^o^inanaial^  ^ 


standing,  character,  etc., 

j  following  concern: 

,  Hollander  &  Son  - 

(ewark,  H.  J. 

Any  information  that  you  care  to/imparAjjo  H  “ 

.dwill  vbe  held  strictly  / 
your  part . 

be  appreciated,  and,  neiedless  to  say.Mwill' 
confidential  and  without  any  responsibility 

Thanking  you  in  anticipation  of  your  courtesy  in 
this  respect,  arid .assuring  you  of  our  pleasure  in  reciprocating 
at  any  time,  we  remain, 

very  truly. 

ft  v  fd^ 

1)'e  Hu 

A'fcu  I  i>f  ] 

wiAturj  *&***> 

&tU  fftCLj  Cl&frtl'l 

yu~  /  *r< 






April  29th.  1916. 

Ur.  Edison: 

You  will  probably  remember  that  we  have  had  on  hand  at 
Silver  lake  for  a  long  time  past  some  Toluol  which  Ur.  Kammerhoff 
obtainod  in  distilling  some  of  the  90#  Benzol  shipped  to  us  from 
Johnstown  many  months  ago.  There  wore  about  512  gallons,  and  you 
said  a  might  sell  it. 

It  is  not  as  pure  as  the  regular  Toluol  made  at  Johns¬ 
town,  and  I  sold  it  on  sample  at  $3.60  per  gallon. 

How  arises  the  question  of  billing.  All  Benzol  goeB 
through  the  Incorporated.  Therefore,  this  toluol  has  entered  into 

at  ‘Ji]t 

their  accounts ,  and  in  the  first  place  will  have  to  be  billed  by 
^  1 
them.  I  contend  that  this  Toluol  ought  to  bo  billed„by  Thomas 

A.  Edison  at  the  sale  price,  so  that  it  bocomos  a  credit  to  your 
Johns town  Plant  agcount.  Otherwise,  you  would  not  know  what  profit 
or  loss  your  Johnstown  account  will  show. 

If  you  coincide  with  this  view,  the  question  to  be 
settled  is  what  price  Bhall  the  Incorporated  ehargo  Thomas  A.  Edison  - 
I  think  they  ought  to  charge  you  the  same  price  as  they  charge  the 
Carbolic  Division  for  Benzol,  plus  an  allowance  for  labor,  steam, 
eto.  used  in  the  distillation  by  Kammerhoff. 


EuBtman  Kodak  Company, 
P.ochester,  H.  Y. 

Attention  of  Ur.  MarkuB, 

Dear  Mr .  Markus  : 

Vie  certainly  made  a  stupid  blunder  in  Bending 
you  Para  Hitro  Phenol  instead  of  Para  .-.raido  Phenol.  I 
asked  ono  of  pur  young  men  in  the  chemical  room  to  get 
out  the  Bainplo  for  me,  and  it  who  he  who  made  the  blunder 
by  taking  64  out  of  the  wrong  package.  Ihe  young  man  in 
question  is  simply  one  of  the  helpere,  and  not  one  of  6ur 
chemists.  I  am  rather  ashamed  that  such  a  mistake  should 
have  been  made. 

However,  I  am  sending  you  by  this  mail  under 
separate  cover  a  sample  of  Para  Araido  Phenol.  Shis  is  the 
commercial  material.  For  your  purposes  wo  should  expect 
so  furnish  a  refined  product,  and  we  are  now  working  to 
get  it  in  satisfactory  chape.  In  the  meantime,  you  can  ex¬ 
periment  with  the  sample  that  is  being  forwarded.  Our 
photographer  has  had  some  good  results  with  it. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Mr.  EdiBon. 


First  Week 

i  Regular  Shipments  for  month  of  -iprll 


American  Oil  ft  Supply  Company  -  160  Its.  at  $2.86 
",  "  «  "<  -<  I  50  "  "  3 ‘.7b 

Hollander  ' 

Lazard  ,  " 

Columbia  Dye  worts  - 

I0™*1  -  £2  -»o  ■ 

American  Oil  {  sopply  company  -  100  lie.  at 

-  26  "  "  3.76 

Hollander  "  " 

lazard  -  „ 

Columbia  Dye  Works  -  xuu 

Cappel  -  Ship  only  on  notice  „ 

from  Vi .  H .  II.  ”  ,5UU 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Company.-  25  lbs.  at  $3.75 

Hollander  -  „ 

lazard  " 

Columbia  Dye  Works  "  100 

Cappel  -  Ship  only  on  notice 

from  Vi.  H.  U.  -  200 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Company  -  ^26  1 
",  I!  »  »  "  -  50 

Hollander  I  §g§ 

Lazard  • rnn 

Columbia  Dye  works,  "  100 

0.„.1  -  snip  “VS.  .  200 

Pcu-j [ 


.  at  $3.76 


Bulpho nations 

Cons  Contrifugod 
Centrifuge  Loads 
salt  from  Dryer 
Bhito  salt 







5.16  per  day 

10.2  "  " 

133.4  "  " 

130.1  -  " 

20,005  lbe 

1,347  n  =  .067^  Bodiun 

Fusions  -  147  *  4.9  per 

(33  of  3600/?  -  114  Of  42000) 

(Salt  uned  in  f union*  ohooko  with  weight  of  salt  from 



pbenolato  eent  to  CO2  265344  gals.  --  0044  gal*  P°r  d“y 

. -.1  _ _ -n  »  lioa.a  »  "  "  r 

Acidified  Phenol  Total  33264 
Phonal  Acidified  by  Ultra  cake 
Phonol  from  Hitre  Cake 
Total  gallons  phenol 
phenol  distilled 
Lbe.  Puro  Phenol 

%  of  Phenolato 

33776  " 
33605  " 
205849  lbo. 

Assume  155  aulphonations  at  a  thoorotioal  production  of  4600//  Bensol  Bul- 
phonio  Boda  per  aulphouation  equals  713,0000  -  Actual  Production  600,1640 
less  %  -  570150  Dry  Bomol  Bulplionio  Soda 

'0435  '.Ihite  Bolt  .  . 

5S5T"  Total  Dry  salt  -  85.6 S.  recovery  of  ealt. 

Aaaumo  3600  lbe. 
then  610591  " 
Actual  phenol 

Recovery  of 

Dry  Bolt  «  1550  lbs.  Pure  phenol 

n  «  *  262300  "  "  ” 

a  205049  " 

81.8^  of  Thoorotioal 
X  01.0^  «  70£  recovery. 



^yJLr:  f^Cu^y^VOry'-eV 

j^jp-tA^-Ut'v*  *»*^v  |n£<-» 


’  :?£* 




fa-  ■+*  CX~o  f<. 


&M.G&£L«b  *^-V'v> 

(4-^.  ^  ^ 

4t  uo-><-tC  p**-^  */$■&  "ft  & 



f^t-Vr  t\.t<^r^  (v 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Chemicals  (E-16-16) 

Huy  1st.  1916 

Merrimack  Mfg .  Company, 
Lowell,  Mass. 


You  are  probably  quite  well  aware  of  the  un¬ 
settled  state  of  the  market  for  all  kinds  of  raw  materials, 
which  has  affected  all  lines  of  commerce.  Like  other  manu¬ 
facturers,  I  have  had  a  most  unusual  experience  ever  since 
the  beginning  of  the  war  in  Europe ,  and  now  find  myself  in 
; he  position  of  being  compelled  to  decide  very  quickly 
whether  or  not  I  shall  continue  to  manufacture  Aniline  Oil 
next  year.  'The  great  difficulty  of  obtaining  acids  end 
other  raw  materials  makes  it  necessary  for  me  to  take  ac¬ 
tion  very  quickly  if  I  am  to  remain  in  the  Dusiness. 

I  can  only  decide  the  question  by  ascertaining 
whether  or  not  my  present  customers  will  desire  to  make 
now  contracts  with  me  for  tho  year  1917.  If  you  will  kind¬ 
ly  consider  this  matter  and  advise  me  at  your  early  conven¬ 
ience  X  shall  be  much  obliged. 

Yours  very  truly, 

/  •  t ) 

Is  ' 


.  !,*■.%,■/■ .  . 

■JujU  (%£*~15 -“t-  ^  ?t 

?o-_  //rtt/wvt  -S/rnttm 

May  1,  _ /■&/$  •_.. 

*BOB.  —  .*.,5Ur  ^£-C'-  | 
Orange,  M.  J.  yU^y**^  '  a  • 

Dear  Sirs:  __  - •  n  o^*1^  ^l3o . .,-*  ^ 

**  °^y  oL— ^ 

Some  time  last  summer  I  remember^oujo  Id  ,me  that  you 
can  get  the  man  to  huild  a  liquified'chlorine  gas  plan*  in  Russia, 
and  now  I  have  a  cable  from  abroad  asking  me  to £Hfd  out  at  what 
price  I  can  buy  complete  set  of  experimental  plaffTfor"  making 
ohlorine,  and  also  asking  me  to  get  gas  generator  with  capacity 
of  2  ou.  ft.  per  minute  and  dryers  and  compressors  to  charge 
same  into  bomb. 

I  shall  be  grateful  to  you  if  you  will  kindly  give  me 
your  personal  advise  as  to  how  I  can  obtain  this  experimental 
plant . 

Very  truly  yours. 





May  1,  1916. 

Mr.  William  H.  ileadowcrof  t , 

Assistant  to  Thomas  •r->  Edison, 
Orange,  K.  J. 


I  have  to  refer  to  your  letter  of  the  12th  ultimo 
requesting  information  relative  to  the  duty  on  crude 
naphthaline  and  refined  naphthaline  from  Canada. 

In  the  opinion  of  the  Department  either  crude  or 
refined  naphthaline  is  free  of  duty  under  paragraph  452 
of  the  tariff  act  of  1915,  which  paragraph  provides  for 
the  free  entry  of  naphthalin. 

Eespect fully, 

Acting  Chief,  Division  of  Customs. 

No  Enclosure. 


Hr.  W.  H.  1,'aadoworoft , 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Hy  dsar  Mr.  Meadoweroft : 

I  havs  your  lettsr  of  April  24th  and  bsg  to 
adviss  that  we  ars  trying  out  ths  sample  of  Carbolic  Aeid 
which  you  sent  us.  If  it  meets  with  our  requirements,  will 
be  very  glad  to  place  an  order  for  50  pounds  at  price  quoted, 
77  is*  per  pound,  and  to  continue  ordering  to  meet  our  needs. 

Thanking  you  for  your  courtesy  and,  with  per¬ 
sonal  regards, 

Very  truly  yours, 


Secretary  S  Treasurer. 



May  3rd .  1916 . 

Ur.  J.  E.  Murriner, 

5.  The  Burgess  Sulphite  Fibre  Co., 

Portland,  Me. 

Bear  Mr.  Uarriner: 

Your  esteemed  favor  of  the  s6th  ultimo  received,  and  1  wailed  to  show  it  to  Ur.  Edison 
before  making  any  reply.  He  wants  me  to  thank  you 
for  the  information  which  you  have  so  kindly  given, 
and  to  say  that  it  would  be  of  no  use  whatever  to 
quote  you  a  price  on  Sulphite  of  Soda,  as  we  could 
not  possibly  compete  with  lime.  The  difference  is 
too  great. 

The  last  few  days  of  warm  weather  has  given 
me  "the  Cape  fever".  It  really  lookB  now  as  if  we 
would  have  some  warm  weather. 

Viith  kind  regards  to  you  and  yours,  I  re¬ 

Yours  very  truly, 

Zurich,  Hay  3rd ,  1916. 
47  rue  du  high! 

Mr.  «’n.  H.  '.ieadoworoft, 

Assistant  to  Hr,  A.  So  ikon, 

1  duly  received  your  favors  of  I.lurch  27th  and  April  1st 
and  have  taken  d no  note  of  their  contents. 

As  to  the  manufacture  of  t>  -rnphenylendinjaine  I  an  in  a 
position  to  offer  you  a  very  good  process  taken  from  my  practical  expe¬ 
rience  giving  very  good  yields  and  its  cost  price  being  far  below  that 
the  one  obt  :ined  through  the  process  with  nitroacetanilide  or.  account 
of  the  glacial  acotic  acid  bring  u  very  groat  dravfback, 

1  am  o.uite  prepared  to  or-de  this  process  tc  you  for  the 
sum  of  $200 . -  (  twohundred  dollars  )  .  The  equivalent  of  this  amount, 
which  is  payable  in  advance,  would  have  to  be  remitted  to  me  either 
directly  by  check  on  nondon  or  to  the  Sooidtd  de  Crddit  Suisse,  Zurioh, 
for  the  credit  of  my  account. 

needless  to  say  that  1  nn  always  at  your  disposal  for 
any  further  inforemtion  yon  may  desire. 

remain,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  truly, 
por  Dr.  vV.  Kneoht 

American  Consulate  general 

i  c  h. 



Please  make  separate  reply  to  this  inquiry . . 

8oheneotady,/B.  T.f  May  3,  1916, 

it*  ^ 

LUilC  ^8*  U**  M*- 

„**■>■  It :-J  , 


^‘•‘'3 ,  a«“r-v  ^ 

|Y^'  /t4  ^  f*  *>*'  i/  / 

Delivery  required  at  destination:  State  earliest  delivery. 
State  what  delivery  you  can  make.' 

Quotations  to  be  complete  should  inolude  terms  of  payment — 
net  and  oash  discount  in  16  days. 

Charges  for  paokages  will  not  be 'allowed  unless  mentioned 
in  quotation  and  aooepted  by  us. 

Yours  truly. 


jay  8th.  1916. 

General  Electric  Company, 

Schenectady,  H.i. 

..ttentlon  of  ,.ir .  Bowman . 

-ear  Sir: 

Your  request  of  the  third  instunt  for 
quotation  on  7,220  pounds  of  white  crystalline 
phenol  v;at  received,  and  I  beg  to  quote  you  85^ 
per  pound,  ?.  .  S.  Hew  York  City,  suitably  pack¬ 

ed  for  export.  This  'price  includes  the  packages. 
Deliver  of  this  phenol  could  be  made 
■  within  one  woek  from  receipt  of  order. 

■/A  The  ubove  price  would  be  not  30  days. 

Our  cash  discount  is  usually  at  10  days  from  date 
of  invoice,  but  wo  have  heretofore  allowed  your 
>'■  company  to  take  the  1 %  cash  discount  in'15  days. 

,i  This  also  may  apply  in  this  case. 


Yours  very  truly, 



U  > 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcrof t : 

We  have  completed  our  testB  with  the  samples 
of  Commercial  Pararnidophenol  which  we  received  from  you  last 
and  while  the  article  is  somewhat  crude,  we  believe  that  we  can 
manipulate  it  so  that  it  can  be  used. We  would, therefore ,  be  very 
much  interested  in  knowing  '.vhat  quantities  you  would  be  prepared 
to  offerjhow  soon  delivery  could  be  made  and  what  the  price  would 
be. In  case  you  contemplate  supplyin^the  purified  product, you 
might  let  us  know  about  that  also^ 

Yours  trul 

Mr.  Willium  H.Meadov/croft, 
Laboratory  Thomas  A.  Edison,' 
Orange,H. J. 




._AtJ,r%*-£‘  May_  S» _ . _ /#/-**. 

^I'kfttt.  U»cW<m*w>  j 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino. ,  **^l(u*|L»  Uw*r4<*  7f^*^ 

orange,  N.  J.  ^.C*  *tU 

/  •  ■vvl':«'**  ''’ 

is^th 'instant ,  regarding 



Gentlemen:—  ^3”^**“* 

We  have  your  letter  of 
the  liquefying  chlorine  gas  plant,  for  which  kindly  acoept 
our  thanks,  Vy4t'*VMJ'^  ||!>|f‘VA«k-n!. 

J+rw**  jiJ 

The  Hooker  Chemioal  Company,  Niagara  Fall.?,  has 
already  made  arrangements  to  sell  their  patent  to  qur 

ajr  *%* yJ 

petitors  in  Japan,  and  we  shall  be  muoh  obliged  tolyou 

if  you  know  that  Niagara  Eleotro  Bleaching  Comjanjr  is^qulppqd 


to  make  liquefied  chlorine  gas,  0  (j  \  (La-'S  iM-A-ftA-  j 

You  kind  reply  will  be  highly  appre^t*^^  ^ 

Yours  very  truly,  , 

ST  :VC 

•  '  L 


v  n,*ir  »■>*•  x  t  l  T  rf..y 


~: fMJm 

Your  nemo  seems  to  indicate  that  it  io  not  quite  clear  to  you  \Q'“r  , 
as  to  how  much  raw  matorial  wo  ou$it  to  receive  per  month,  or  what  quantity  s' 
of  P.  Phonol  produced  per  day  is  to  ho  considered  as  normal.  To  clear  this  ^ 
matter  up  thorou^ily,  I  think  it  neoossary  to  briefly  inform  you  about  the  de¬ 
velopment  and  the  presont  situation  of  this  Division. 

At  the  start  of  the  last  fiscal  yoar,  that  io,  in  Karen,  1915,  a 
production  of  4,000  pounds  of  P.  Phonol  was  considered  as  maximum,  and  contracts 
for  the  necessary  raw  matorial  wore  closed  by  the  Purchasing  Department.  When 
lator  Mr.  Edison  decided  that  our  production  ought  to  bo  increased,  a  standard 
of  7,000  pounds  per  day  was  adopted  as  normal  maximum.  Tills  would  be  oqual  to 
210,000  pounds  of  P.  Phonol  per  month,  or  30  days.  Prom  tho  accompanying  blue 
print  you  will  observe  that  so  far  wo  have  only  in  one  month,  in  Kovomber,  1915, 
reached  a  production  of  nsarly  200,000  pounds,  whilst  during  tho  following  month 
this  figure  dropped  to  about  160,000  and  170,000  pounds.  This  variation  was  due 
entirely  to  lack  of  raw  matorial,  and  it  ie  this  situation  which  inducod  ms  to 
ask  repeatedly  for  a  copy  of  our  contracts  for  raw  matorial  concerning  this 
Division.  It  io  still  not  quite  clear  to  me  whether  our  contraots  for  raw  material 
covor  a  production  of  210,000  pounds  of  P.  Phenol  per  month  or  not.  Benzol,  os 
well  as  Sulphuric  Acid,  is  used  not  only  in  this  Division,  but  to  quito  soma  oxtont 
in  tho  Phonol  Division  of  Thomas  A.  Edison  also,  and  this  is  tho  reason  that  fre¬ 
quent  exchanges  have  taken  place,  according  to  Ur.  Ediaon's  und  Hr.  Keadowcrof t ' □ 
directions.  When,  at  certain  times,  wo  have  been  using  30-callod  "oleum"  or 
fuming  Sulphuric  Acid,  it  has  beon  delivered  to  us  from  Ik.  Edison's  Phonol  plant 
in  exchange  for  98$  Sulphuric  Acid,  and  we  still  at  this  time  have  to  deliver  them 
16,221  pounds  of  98$  Sulphurio  Aoid  in  exchange  for  Oleum  previously  received  by 
us.  When,  furthermore,  wo  have  used,  and  still  are  using  to  a  certain  degroo, 
so-called  "Chamber  Acid",  i.e.,  Sulphurio  Acid  of  about  70$,  tho  reason  for  it  is 
again  we  have  beon  supplied  by  Ur.  Edison's  Phonol  Division.  As  far  as  I  know 

from  Kr.  Ueadoworoft,  no  more  Charabor  Aoid  will  be  delivered  after  our  presont 
stock,  enougi  for  anothor  20  days,  has  boen  used  up.  Instead,  so-called  "Hitrio 
Oako"  will  be  used,  according  to  Mr.  Edison’s  instructions.  This  Nitrio  Cake  has 
previously  beon  used  by  Ur.  Edison's  Phenol  Division,  and  we  have  at  the  prosont 
time  sixteen  oarloads  of  unorushod  nitric  cako  in  stock,  to  which  during  those  days 
will  be  added  twolve  earloads  more.  We  have  taken,  and  are  etill  taking  this 
Hitrio  Oake  in  stock  because  Mr.  Edison's  Phonol  Division  can  not  storo  it.  The 
Hitric  Oato  is  a  substitute  for  Sulphurio  Acid  of  98$,  or  of  so-called  "Chamber 
Aoid",  and  Hr.  Edison  wants  us  to  use  Hitrio  Ooko  as  soon  as  possiblo,  booanso  it 
can  be  bought  in  any  desired  quantity,  and  comparatively  ohoap,  whilst  prices  for 
Sulphuric  Aoid  are  going  higher  all  the  time. 


.1  opt. 



i.'ndor  tJ»Do  oircirntancoo,  it  io  obviouo  why  v.o  cro  psoooiry;;  you  oo 
iicrd  for  Olio  different  rnrto  of  ncohiaoiy  viiioh  you  ordorad  fran  JCnrpol,  end  via  loll, 
oacordlns  to  your  latoofc  odvlco,  will  ’oo  dolivorod.  la  the  rani'  future. 

Xn  order,  new,  to  enable  you  to  ovorlool:  Um  oituatlon  uilto  clearly, 
l  la roaffcor  on  &vtss  you  throo  different  iloto,  l.o.s 

Flint,  our  darned  far  res;  notarial  by  noire  00,!  dulpbnrlo  ;u3id  only, 

Oooanfl,  our  demand  for  voa  naioriel  by  unite  partly  90,.!  ialptario 
Acid,  end  portly  Ohrsaba?  .‘eld, 

aUrd,  our  OockuO  for  son  notarial  by  uoinu  partly  90; j  calptarto 
..aid.,  .uai  partly  by  uoiaa  oo-aallod  ‘•ilitrio  SSise". 

In  til  tbroo  Iloto  tbo  normal  daily  .iroduotion  lo  euppoaad  to  bo  7,000 
pounds  of  ?.  Ihanol,  or  210,000  povmdo  per  nonth,  or  90  days. 


3y  rains  90/!  Sulphuric  .  old  only. 

fetor  tal 

.VOl'  Dry 

far  fanth 


1,002  yolo.  or  9,000  lba. 

40,572  join.  or  294,000  Ibo. 

dulphurlo  Acid,  90,! 

42,000  Ibo. 

1,200,000  Iba. 


04,000  ” 

7.0,000  " 

Ooda  .'.oh 

0,200  " 

107,000  " 

Cano tie  Soda 

24,000  '*  ' 

420,000  >> 


3y  uoins  partly  90. !  sulphur 

io  Acid  end  portly  fflinubor  '.old 


For  jicy 

lor  death 


1,302  sslo.  or  3,000  Ibo. 

40,072  iplo.  or  294,000  Ibo. 

aulpliurlo  Acid,  93;! 

24,000  Ibo. 

730,000  Ibo. 

Chamber  /.eld 

34,500  " 

7  0,000  " 


24,000  " 

735,000  " 

dodo  Aah 

0,200  ” 

157,000  " 

Caiotio  Lioda 

14,000  " 

420,000  •» 


Sc;  rains  portly'  90.:!  aulpturlo  Acid  and  portly  Illtrio  OOto. 


For  Any 

For  Month 


1,303  cpla.  ar  9,000  lbn. 

40,072  GPlo.  or  294,000  lbu. 

Sulphuric  Acid,  90;! 
Jiltrlo  Colo 

24,000  Ibo.' 
00,000  n 

.  700,000  Ibo.  - 
/^,000  - 


24,000  •» 

'  735,000  " 

Ooda  Aoh 

107,000  " 

Oauotio  Ooda 

14,000  " 


If  I  undorotand  tbo  oituntion  rljit,  tbo  oontraoto  oloood  for  ran 
notorial  bavo  rovor  boon  ouffloionfcly  lorao  to  provide  for  o  production  of  7,000 
po./ndo  of  j.  Mmol  per  dey,  or  .110,000  pouado  par  oonth.  I  roach  thin  conoluolon 
by  tailing  into  ooneldcrntlon  tlict  our  otocJ:  of  ran  mtoriol  Inn  nut  boon  eyewin;;  to 
aiy  rorcriceblo  ontont.  In  qpito  of  bavins  produced  dories  tbo  loot  fivo  souths 
not  ooio  then  about  100,000  and  170,000  poundo  of  l’.  Xhenol  roopootlvoly;*  <*ur 
stoCh  of  pewdorod  llnoatoao  covoro  nine  days  only»  for  oaaatlo  coda,  ooron  days, 
whilot  it  io  far  ooda  oah  20  day  a.  If  tbo  oontraoto  oloood  would  bavo  oallod  for 

Sonsol -  2JOOO  jalo.,  or  152230  1'oa. 

.Vulptarlc  Aoid,  90/j - - -  - - -  -  VOODOO  " 

OJrsobar  AoliL  —  —  0150000  " 

Llnootono -  730000  ” 

50<la  Anil  - - - -  107500  " 

CaaotlC  Coda -  420000  " 

Hitrlo  Cain  -  -  10  ooro,  or  075000  ” 

1  would  cpTvrooiuto  It  V02 rj  naSfi  1£  you 

inf  oration  on  aoon  no  ycra  ijssro  asraucpd  tint  2  cai  c 
k»  -rator  ial  coniine  in. 

Oopioo  to  r&oora. 

Jtoadoeoroffc*  ..ilooa.  .astoort  tad  iv/Au 

45  Park  Place 



RAHWAY.  N.  J. 

The  Laboratory  of  Thos.  A.Edist 
Orange , 

u.  (W) 


Kindly  favor  us  with  samples 

of  your 


which  we  desire  to  examine  and  hope  to  find  suitable  for  ^  7 
our  use, in  which  case  we  will  be  pleased  to  pass  some 
orders  you£_jfay. 

Incidentally  we  wish  to  inquire  if  you  have 
considered  further  the  matter  of  manufacturing  IRON  BY  HYDROGEN 
iabout  90%. 

— . Yours  very  truly, 

MERCK  &  CO. 

Attested:/  ^ 


./  f/4-\  -  rt/ 


^  ^  ^  -"^r 

d.U«A  "  ‘ 




Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edson,  |  # 

Orange,  N.J.  p 

Dear  Sir:  '"'4"'^^"” 

Replying  to  your  letter  of  May  6th  Quoting  us 
tract  for  Aniline  Oil  for  1917,  45*.  WW  are  notin' 
this  time  to  cover  ou^rgir=t^  for  ]m7,.  hut  j»e. would  very^ 
much  .like  to  contract  With  you  for  ther^alance  of  the  year  1916.,  ^ 
/{hat  is,  from  June,  /When  our  present  contract  expires,  for  45*  per  1 

•lb. /Our  use  of  Aniline  Oil- 'is  very  irregular,  but  possibly  in 

few  months  hence  we  may  be  able  to  dete 
for  1917. 

irmine  regarding  quantity 


'  fob  ■  ‘  I  7 





New  York.  Hay  8,  1916. 

Mr.  W.  H.  Meadowcroft, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino., 

Orange,  E.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft: 

When  I  saw  you  on  Saturday  you  expressed  a 
desire  to  acquaint  yourself  fully  with  the  indications 
of  aspirin,  and  I  am  therefore  sending  you  a  pamphlet 
which  will  afford  you  complete  information  on  the  sub¬ 
ject.  I  am  also  enclosing  a  copy  for  Mr.  Edison,  as 
I  wish  to  tempt  him  to  abandon  his  policy  of  not  taking 
any  medicine,  and  would  appreciate  it  if  you  would  hand 
it  to  him. 

With  kindest  regards,  believe  me, 

Yours  very  truly, 


Enel.  2  pamphlets  on  aspirin. 

\JuJr  IU  \u^lic  to  lw*'^ 

. ia 

Vi<!>-t>  ^ 

•  •v-^i  p>t/^ar 

^&§f  i qi 4  t-"*5 rt5j£- 

,  ,  ,  .  <  n>tjM  VU^VJ  W  V <»<£«.£.  ikjsfct, 

3  traffic  officials  of  the  'SMthern  railroads  will  hold  their  ,.•■■' 
annual  meeting  at  Hot  Springs,  Val,  on  the  15th  Inst.,  at  whi|h  time'"' 
they  will  take  up  the  matter  of  advancing  commodity  rates  and'plaoing 
them  on  class  rate  basis.  This  means  that  the  commodity  rate'of 
38j/  per  Cwt,  which  we  have  enjoyed  for  the  past  year  will  be  advanoed 
to  its  former  basis  of  66^  per  Cwt,  unless  we  con  show  reasons  why 
the  present  rate  should  be  maintained.  X  understand  that  our  contract 
with  the  Woodward  Iron  Company  will  not  expire  for  two  years  more. 

If  this  is  a  fact,  I  recommend  that  we  oppose  any  advance  in  rate  on 
benzol  and  would  ask  permission  to  attend  the  meeting  to  oppose  the 
contemplated  change. 

JTRiGUU.  \  . 


CC  to  Hr.  0.  H.  Wilsc 

.  .  . 

f  ! 51 

Purchasing  Service  Department  Memorandum  No. 

Xday  9,  1916. 

Mr.  Meadowcroft. 

In  line  with  our  conversation  this  morning, 
will  you  please  arrange  to  hand  to  me  Just  as  quickly  as 
possible,  all  contractual  obligations  of  every  nature  cover¬ 
ing  purchases  of  material  for  any  of  the  Edison  organizations, 
personal  or  corporate,  as  I  have  been  instructed  by  Mr.  Edison 
that  I  must  at  once  assume  responsibility  for  the  purchase  and 
delivery  of  all  items  of  every  nature  for  these  various  inter¬ 
ests,  with  the  sole  exception  of  petty  cash  expenditures  which 
may  be  made  by  anyone  at  his  direction. 

^.5 ' 

\  |  May 19th.  1916.  ^ 

Mr.  Emory:  j 

I  reoeived  your  memorandum  #1600  of  this  date  asking  mo  to  hand  to 
you  copied  of  contraote  covering  purchases  of  material  for  any  of  the  or¬ 
ganizations,  personal  or  incorporated.  In  accordance  with  your  request 
X  am  handing  you  oopios  of  the  following  contracts,  tho  originals  being 
in  possession  of  Mr.  H.  F .  Miller. 


..merican  Oil  &  Supply  Company,  contract  for  Oleum  for  three  years 
ending  Dooeraber  Elst,  1918. 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Company  contract  for  Mixed  ^cids  ending  De¬ 
cember  31st,  1916. 

Butterworth-Judson  Company  contract  for  Mixed  .-.cid  ending  December 
31st,  1916. 

Butterworth-Judson  Company’  contract  for  Spent  ,,oid  ending  December 
31st,  1916. 

You  have  tho  original  contract  with  the  General  Chemical  Company 
'  for  98Jo  Sulphuric  Acid  (260  tons  a  month)  for  three  years  ending 
Deoember  31st,  1918. 

We  obtain  Benzol  from  six  sources,  namely,  Mr.  Edison's  Benzol  Plants 
at  (1)  JohnBtown,  Pa.  and  (2)  Loodward,  Ala.,  also  (3)  from  the 
Dominion  Iron  &  Eteol  Company,  Sydney,  Ilova  Scotia.  Che  other 
three  sources  of  supply  are  (4)  Milwaukee  Coke  and  Gas  Company; 

(6)  northwestern  Iron  Company,  and  (6)  Newport  Hydro  Carbon  Company. 

I  have  already  furnished  you  with  copies  of  the  contracts  with  num¬ 
bers  3,  4,  6  and  6.  The  contract  for  Johnstown  covers  tho  installa¬ 
tion  and  operation  of  a  Benzol  Plant,  and  is  not  u  regular  contract 
for  the  purchase  of  Benzol  .  The  Johnstown  contract  is  with  tho  Cam¬ 
bria  Steel  Company,  and  Mr.  Edison  agreoe  to  poy  the  Cambria  Steel  Com¬ 
pany  a  royalty"  of  18<f  per  gallon  for  all  Benzol  chipped  away  from  tho 
plant.  Mr.  Edison  has  a  similar  kind  of  contract  with  the  V.oodward  Iron 
Company,  but  in  this  case  tho  concern  of  Mitsui  &  Company,  Limited  is 
a  partner.  They  sell  tho  products,  and  Mr.  Edison  bought  from  them 
all  pure  Benzol  pjoduoed  by  the  woodward  Plant  for  tho  year  1916,  at 
604  per  gallon.  CopieB  of  letters  covering  this  oontroot  ure  sent  to 
you  herewith. 


Copyiof  contract  with  and  Evans,  dated  October  14,  1916,  oovor- 
ing  3100  tons  of  CatBbic  Soda  in  equal  monthly  deliveries  beginning 

April  16,  1916  and  ending  April  16,  1917.  (***  - - >*J 

Besides  this  contract  there  ought  to  be  in  your  office  two  other 
Caustic  Soda  contracts  with  Viing  and  Evans  und  Thomas  a.  Edison,  Inc., 
dated  respectively ,  Hovember</.Hnd  and  Deoember  Oth,  1916,  one  contract 
covering  1900  tons',"  agrfl,  1#16  to  April,  1917  and  the  other  covering 
300  tons  January  toA  June,  1916.  (So  ,  “ft-J 


Copy,  contract  with  Buttorworth- Judson  Company  for  Nitre  Cake,  December 

I  V  • 

6/  9/16. 

•  21st,  1916  to  December  2oth,  1916. 

Copy  of  contraot  with  K.  1.  Du  Pont  de  Uomoure  tc  Company  for  Ultra 
Cake,  January  26th,  1916  to  Decembor  Slot,  1916. 


Copy  contract  with  ...  M.  Wood  Company,  Inc.,  for  C>.  et  Iron  Bor¬ 
ings,  February  let  to  .-higust  1st,  1916. 


There  are  two  existing  contracts  with  the  American  Oil  &  Supply 
Company,  one  being  for  two  curs  a  month  for  the  year  onding 
August,  1916  and  ihe  other  for  one  car  a  month  for  10  months 
beginning  .larch,  1916.  1  have  never  had  theBe  contracts,  nor 

copies  of  them.  They  are  in  your  office. 


Copy  contract  le.ter  with  C.  G.  V.inan  &  Company,  Ilowark  for  one 
carload  a  month  until  further  notice,  this  'lotter  being  dated 
august  23rd,  1916. 


Copies  of  various  letters  covering  an  unfilled  contract  for  one 
carload  of  Calcined  Magnesite  at  .$60.00  per  ton,  ordered  from 
the  Silica  Products  Company,  Chicago. 


May  10,  1916. 

Mr.  Edison:  C.C. — Mr. Wilson. 

On  July  12th,  1915, 

I  advised  you  that  I  had  been  successful  in  hav¬ 
ing  the  Pennsylvania  and  Erie  Railroad  Companies 
reduce  the  rate  on  benzole  in  tank  cars  from 
Johnstown  Plant  to  Silver  lake,  3.1  cents  per 
cwt.  or  about  $21.00  per  car.  The  effectiveness 
of  this  rate  was  prevented  on  account  of  complica¬ 
tions  that  arose  which  prevented  the  above  lines 
from  making  the  rate  effective.  However,  I 
pursued  the  matter  to  a  conclusion,  and  I  an  pleased 
to  advise  that  effective  May  15th  the  rate  of  14.8 
cents  per  cwt.  will  be  made  effective,  the  present 
rate  being  IV. 9  cents  per  cwt.  Would  also  advise 
that  this  rate  will  positively  be  effective  on  the 
above  date. 


May  10th.  1916. 

Dr.  Hugo  Schweitzer, 

117  Hudson  Street, 

Hew  York  Ci'ty. 

:.!y  dear  Dr.  Schweitzer: 

I  bog  to  thank  you  for  your  favor  of 
the  eighth  instant  and  for  so  kindly  remember¬ 
ing  my  desire  for  some  indications  in  regard  to 
..soirin.  1  am  much  obliged  for  the  pamphlets 
v.hich  you  enclosed,  and  shall  certainly  give 
one  of  them  to  Mr.  Kdieon  v.ithyour  compliments. 
V.ith  kindest  rogards,  I  remain. 

Yours  vory  truly. 



Dear  Ur.  Ueadowcroft: 

May  10.1916. 

Has  your  work  on  the  Parareidophenol  matter 
gotten  along  far  enough  30  that  you  would  he  tn  position  to 
give  us  a  reply  to  our  letter  of  the  4th?  We  would  like  very 
much  to  have  this  information  as  it  would  have  considerable 
hearing  on  the  plans  we  are  working  on  at  the  present  time. 

Yours  truly,/ 

Mr.  William  H.Meadowcroft, 
Laboratory  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.J. 



Hay  11th.  1916. 

Ur.  Edison: 

Referring  to  the  attached  letter,  this  brings  up 
the  question  upon  which  1  want  to  consult  you. 

We  have  been  making  extensive  use  of  the  250  pound 
galvanized  iron  oans.  We  have  done  this  because  iron  or  steel 
drums  discolor  the  surface  of  the  phenol  lying  next  to  the 
drum,  and  when  this  is  re-melted  and  poured  out,  it  makes  the 
whole  contents  yellow.  V.e  use  the  galvanized  iron  cans  of 
250  pounds  entirely  for  both  Government  orders. 

The  Heyden  Chemical  Company's  Plant  is  not  altogether 
unreasonable,  but  I  think  the  trouble  arises  mostly  from  the 
handling  of  the  cans.  The  cans  are  not  over  strong,  and  as 
they  contain  260  pounds,  it  is  not  a  very  difficult  matter  to 
start  a  leak  with  the  ordinary  handling  to  get  the  cans  on  and 
off  the  trucks,  and  in  the  jolting  of  the  oans  given  as  the 
truck  runs  over  more  or  less  rough  roads. 

The  Carbolic  we  used  to  receive  from  England  was  pack¬ 
ed  in  tin  or  sheet  iron  cans  encased  in  wood,  which  protected 

the  metal. 

If  we  are  sometime  or  other  called  upon  to  make  good 
on  account  of  some  bad  leakages,  it  would  not  take  long  to  run 
into  a  loss  that  would  be  more  or  less  serious.  It  seems  to  me 
that  for  the  present  we  could  afford  to  put  all  our  250  pound 
oans  in  a  cheap  wooden  barrel  with  straight  sides,  similar  to 
the  England  packages.  The  can  ooBts  ub  $1.20  and  we  have  figures 
on  wooden  barrels  at  40 4<  making  a  total  of  §1£0.  The  can  holds 
260  pounds,  so  this  makes  a  total  cost  for  the  package  .0064^. 
Does  this  meet  your  approval? 



American  Oil  &  Supply  Co. 

Oils,  Creastis,  Ackls,  Chemicals 

52-54-50  I.afayeltc  Street 


V.ny  2nd,  1916. 

(  Ss  vfa 

ftr  &*»« 


The  following  is  a  copy  of  letter  received 
yeeterdny  frora  the  Heyden  Chemical  Works :- 

'  "We  heg  to  advise  that  a  large 
number  of  Carbolic  Acid  cans  reach  us  in  a 
leaking  condition.  On  some  of  the  can3  the 
seams  are  not  tight,  and  in  cthersthere  are 
holes.  This  condition  is  objectionable  in 
warm  weather  especially  considering  the  low 
melting  point  of  Edison's  product. 

V/e  fully  understand  that  the  manu¬ 
facturers  will  contend  that  the  cans  we re 
tight  when  the  Carbolic  Acid  was  poured  into 
them,  which  undoubtedly  is  true,  but  they 
either  should  be  handled  more  careful  in 
transportation  and  storing  or  some  kind  of 
protection  put  around  them. 

Perhaps  you  will  desire  to  take 
this  matter  uo  with  Jir.  Edison. 

The  Carbolic  Acid  which  we  get  from 
England  is  packed  in  wood en  barrels  as  a  pro¬ 
tection  of  the  tins. 

When  the  weather  gets  hot  in  July 
and  August,  the  Carbolic  Acid  will  probably 
arrive  at  our  factory  in  a  semi-J.iquid  state, 
and  considerable  lest  might  occur  if  the  con¬ 
tainers  are  not  tight." 

irvw  ‘ 



Will  you  please  let 

:onnection  with  the  above  in 

have  your  reply 

promptly  in  c 
YS\CM>0 ,  mny  transmit  it  to  our  customer? 

irs  very  truly, 

American  Oil  L  Supply  ' 


hi  aAr#****^'. 


Silvor  LaAo ,  H.  J. , 
lay  11th,  1916. 

Ur.  A.  0.  Emory, 

Purchasing  Dopt. 

HAW _ HA»  E  K  I.A.k— 

Your  Seam  #1469.  datod  April  29th, 

In  a  conforonoo  hold  at  tho  library  in  orange,  on 
Suesdcy,  Ray  9th,  I  too  informed  by  Ur.  .Yambort  that  Ur.  Edison  had 
advised  him  that  thio  Divioion  v.uuld  ho  able  tp  produco  ovon  more  than 
7,000  lbo.  of  P.  Piionol  por  day  if  ram  natorlal  in  ouffloiont  quant i- 
tioo  oould  bo  supplied.  Consonantly,  Ur.  Ilambert  thou^it  it  advis¬ 
able  to  provide  a  statomant  similar  to  tliat  contained  in  ny  lottor 
addraasod  to  you. on  lay  6th,  for  tho  purpono  of  putting  you  in  a 
position  to  nofjotiato  for  buying  material  equal  to  tlio  limit  of  pro¬ 
duction  which  thio  Divioion  can  turn  out. 

Several  montho  ago  I  otatod  to  1st.  Edison  that  no 
could  produco  ao  nuoh  ao  9,000  lbo.  of  P.  Phonol  por  day.  Eherofoi'o, 
I  bog  to  Giro  you  horoaftor  all  tho  necessary  figuros  for  an  output  ofi 
(a)  8,000  lbo.  of  P.  Phonol  per  day,  or  240,000  lbo.  por  month, 

(bj  9,000  "  '•  "  "  "  "  "  270,000  "  "  "• 

In  accordanco  with  ny  statement  of  Uoy  6th,  the 
following  figures  aro  divided  into  three  Groups,  l.o.. 

First j  By  using  90$  Sulphuric  Acid  only. 

Sooondj  By  using  portly  90$  Sulphuric  Acid  and  partly  Chamber  Acid. 
Shirdj  B?  using  jartly  90$  Sulphuric  Acid  and  partly  Hltrio  Cato. 

First*  By  using  90$  Sulphuric  Aoid  only. 

Soda.  Ash 
Caustic  Soda 

1645  galsT 
11200  pounds 

48000  lbs. 
28000  " 
6000  '* 
16000  " 

240000  lbs. 
por  month 
of  30  dgrs 
46368  galsT  or 
336000  pounds 

1440000  lbs. 
840000  " 
180000  " 
480000  " 

9000  lbs. 
per  day 

‘  l738-gilD.~ 
o r  12600  lbs. 

54000  lbs. 
31600  » 
6760  " 
18000  " 

270000  lbs. 
per  month 
of  30  days 
‘  "52164  gals, 
or  378000 

1620000  lbi. 
202600  •' 
640000  " 

Ur.  A.  C.  Emory, 

Purchasing  Dopt. 


Socondj  By  uoing  partly  98$  Sulphuric  Acid  caul  partly  chamber  Acid. 

8000  lbo.  240000  lbo.  9000  lbs.  270000  lbs. 

per  day  per  month  per  day  per  month 

of  30  days  of  30  days 

Benzol  1545  sals. 

or  11200  lbs. 
Sulphuric  Acid  98$  28000  lbs. 
Chamber  Add  28000  " 

Limestone  28000  " 
Soda  Ash  6000  " 
Caustic  Soda  16000  n 

46368  sals,  or 
336000  lbo. 

1738  gals, 
or  12600  lbs. 

52164  Qals. 
or  378000  lbs. 

040000  " 
840000  » 
180000  " 
480000  " 

31500  " 
31500  " 
6750  " 
18000  •• 

945000  " 
945000  " 
202500  " 
540000  » 


By  using  partly  98$  Sulphuric  Acid  and  partly 
8000  lbo.  240000  lbo.  9000  lbo. 

nitric  Cairo. 

270000  lbo. 
per  month 
of  30  days 


Sulphuric  Add  90$ 
Uitrio  Gate 
Soda  Ash 
Caustic  Soda 

1545  gals. 
11200  lbs. 
28000  " 
57000  " 

28000  " 
6000  •< 
16000  " 

46360  sols,  or 
336000  lbs. 
840000  " 
1710000  •* 
840000  " 
180000  " 
480000  » 

1730  gala, 
or  12600  lbs. 
31500  " 
64000  H 
31500  !' 
6750  '• 
10000  '• 

52164  gals,  or 
378000  lbs. 
946000  " 
1920000  '« 
945000  » 
202500  " 
540000  » 

If  any  further 

is  ventod  I  dll  bo  glad  to  furnish 


Copies  to  Hoeere.  W.  H.  Uoadcmcroft,  C.  11.  Wllcon,  S.  B.  Jlaatort  (2). 

Mr.  Edison:- 






jf  fr'-.''1*'" 



)  agjEEi 


u .+  u*w 

rm  of  agreement  submitted  |>y 

V/e  have  pone  over 
the  Dominion  Company  and  have  made  only  a^°h^chanp^  J^nj^  aS 
seem  neoessary  to  protect  your  interests.  “'^Clean  copies  of  the 
redraft  are  submitted  herewith,  to^^lih^e  form  submitted 
by  the  Dominion  Company,  the  latter  living  the  Ranges  made  in¬ 
dicated  in  red  ink.  /  ~) 

The  paragraph  in  the  middle  if  page  2  of/the  Dominion 
Company's  draft  relating  to  the  penalty  has  been  eliminated,  as 
it  does  not  appear  to  be  favorable  to  you. 

The  provision  that  the  contract  may  be  extended  for  a 
further  term  of  six  months  in  the  efent  that  you  are  unable  to 

i  to  be  entirely  at  the  option 

of  the  Seller,  and  you  would  not  be ^entitled  to  call  on  the  Seller 

furnish  sufficient  tank  o 

for  this  extension  £ 

r  V 



^ . 


i  matter  of  right. 

r  ^ 

r1 , 




(jicsfluvu  jt_ 




'■s^'  )  _ . “ay-15*  ^.'V'^/  6. 

. «...  / 

••a,-'-,-  'd 


Regarding  the  shipment  of  Phenol  from 
811ver  Lake,  we  have  a  complaint  from  our  people 
in  Japan  to  the  effect  that  some  of  the  material  is 
found  Insoluble  in  water  and  some  are  found  not 
quite  transparent  when  dissolved  in  water0 

Kindly  let  ue  know  what  we  can  say  to 


Dfcctfcted  by  Hr.  Nomura, 

May  16,  1916 

Department  of  commerce 

iff  ) 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Her/  Jersey. 

My  dear  Sir: 

There  has  been  much 
msnt  of  new  Industries  1: 




I  ,v-Lf/\  Is*'- 

a^d  of  late  wit|i  ^foroyc|  ,to  tho,^ 

said  of^  la 

i  the  United  States  ae  a  rodult  of  tho  European 
C iJLL  t*i~  a&frwcJ**  I?  £_  ,r»-c<  fl.c«J-rX  t 

Ho  doubt  many  such  Industrie!)  have  come  into  existence  and  many 
v>3- tAo->K»  LO^-sX.**  U'-i'  '  *■’* 

ily  enlargod .  la' 

others  have  been  considerably  enlargod.  I  am  trying  to  obtain  accurate 
and  definite  facts  on  this  subject.  Such  information  can' not  be  obtained 
through  the  commercial  and  trade  organizations  and  I  am  taking  the  liberty 
of  addressing  you.  ./' 

I  hope  you  will  be  able  to  supply  3ome  facts  on  the  following  ques¬ 

tions  which  are  submitted  merely  as  a  guide  for  your  reply: 

(1)  What  industries  have  come  into  existence  since  the 
outbreak  of  the  European  war,  either  because  importations  of 
products  which  wore  formerly  manufactured  in  Europe  have 
ceased,  or  bocauoe  other  nations  have  recently  been  unable 

to  supply  themselves  with  certain  products  as  in  normal  times? 

(2)  What  industries  have  been  considerably  enlarged 
owing  to  the  earno  causes? 

(3)  What  articles  or  products  formerly  manufactured  chief¬ 
ly  in  Europe  are  now  being  manufactured  in  this  country  on  a 
greatly  increased  scale? 

(4)  What  American-made  products  aro  being  uoed  as  substi¬ 
tutes  for  products  which  were  of  foroign  origin  and  imported 
into  this  country? 

ER  Squibb  &  Sons.  NewYork  /  ^ 


Mr. '  VTilliam  H.  Meadoworoft, 

Assistant  to 
Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Hr.  Meadowcroft: 

I  acknowledge  reoeipt  in  due  time  of  your  favor 
of  the  8th  instant,  and  thank  you  for  same.  That  part 
of  your  letter  regarding  the  accounting  matter  will  he 
taken  up  by  our  Controller. 

As  to  the  carbolic  acid  delivery,  1  am  sorry 
to  say  that  in  the  first  place  the  quality  of  the  acid 
has  given  us  a  great  deal  of  trouble,  and  v;e  have  had 
complaints  from  all  over  the  country.  On  the  other 
hand,  the  market  seems  to  have  weakened  so  that  we 
find  that  even  at  90*  we  can  not  sell.  Yesterday  we  6*6 
rejected  an  offer  because  the  customer  said  he  could 
buy  at  79*. 

If  you  can  suggest  any  improvements  in  these 
two  directions,'  quality  and  price,  we  hope  to  hear 
from  you.  You  can  always  depend  upon  our  most  earnest 

T’.V :  3 


American  Oil  &  Supply  Co. 

Oils,  Greases,  Acids,  Chemicals 

52-54-56  LaFayette^StreeT  ' 

Newark, N.J.  Wv^wia 

Thoa.  A.. Edison.  Inc,  /  Mr  w.  H.  Ueadowcroft 

Orange,  N.  J.  /  ■  - - 

Gentlemen:-  i  ~ 

in  the  matter? 

Yours  very  truly,  _ 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Co.,  . '< 


(EKC. ) 



May  18th.  1916. 

Iir.  C.  v. .  Markus,  mrchbsinfr  Agent, 

Kastman  Kodak  Company, 

i-oeheater ,  i! .  Y. 

Dear  Ur.  Maikus: 

I  trust  you  will  not  think  that  X  am 
negligent  because  1  b-ve  not  answered  your  favor 
of  the  10th  instant/  Mr.  Edison  has  been  busy 
on  his  old  stunt  of  working  about  twenty  hours 
a  day,  and  it  has  been  a  very  diffioult  matter 
to  get  his  attention,  lie  is  just  finishing  up  a 
special  line  of  investigation  and  is  going  to  take 
up  the  matter  of  Kara  >.mido  Phenol,  together  with 
some  other  matters  that  will  interest  you,  with  a 
very  few  days. 

I  am  hoping  to  have  some  interesting 
news  for  you  within  a  short  time. 

yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 


;  iKiaiuKii'iir  IBnedwnniHsn 


- ^  ,  »«.*  ^CA(ca.v.Ut>^^La''i' 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  $ixr^L.aiic  C4**"/ 

Orange,  N.  J.  rtA/yvy 

Dear  Sir:  tt,  l^fe  *XZu 

«wvtiX.w  '%^-k^.Vi  la^wo-C X.(-^  -*- 

At  a  luncheon  given  by'Mr'.  Austin  C.  Dunham  yesier- 
cL^'t^v*'  &~Lijbn.  I  L  d  ttef 

day  the  writer  and  Mr.  Dunham  were  talking  over  the  domestic 
manufacture  of  Intermediates  a^J^f in^ah^rdyea •  ^Mr  ^ ^Djanhaip^ ^ 

suggested  that  I  write  you  and'explajln  just  Irhat^  we  v;ante.d<  , 

Urwrwvef  ‘Wv*.  to  t- *• 

I  told  Mr.  Dunham  that  I  would  be  vi^ry  glad  to  ava  ilmyi^elf 

of  the  opportunity. 

On  October  16,  1916,  we  wrote  the  ThomasTCT’Ed ison 

On  October  16,  1916,  we  wrote  the  T) 
•ies  in  regard  to  Toluol  Intermediate! 

i  plant  certain  high-clasi 

a  would  go  at  the  problem  o 

and  the  dyes  would  be  for  i 

l  only.  We  need  certain 

Intermediates  and  do  not  care  to  start  from  Benzol,  Toluol  or 
Aniline  Oil.  We  wish  products  further  advanced  than  the  above, 
such  as  the  following  intermediates: 

Par a - Am i d o -Dime thylan i 1 i n e 

Michlers  Ketone 

.  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

May  18,  1916. 

We  have  made  sane  inquiries  in  regard  to  obtaining 
Phosgene  but  are  unable  to  find  any  source  of  supply.  We  under¬ 
stand  this  gas  is  the  one  that  is  used  by  the  Germans  in  their 
trench  warfare.  Possibly  your  Company  may  be  manufacturing 
some  of  the  Intermediates  and  we  would  be  pleased  to  hear 
from  you  on  the  subject,  as  well  as  any  suggestions  you  wish 
to  give. 

Very  truly  yours 

Cheney  Brothers, 


May  20th.  1916. 

Cheney  Brothers, 

South  Manchester,  Conn. 

Attention  of  Mr.  John  C.  Cheney. 

Dear  Sir : 

I  have  received  your  favor  of  the  18th  instant, 
which  has  been  read  with  much  interest.  Let  me  say  that  I 
am  now  manufacturing  the  following:  Aniline  Oil,  Aniline 
Salt,  Acetanilid,  ilitro  Acetanilid,  Paraphenylenediaminc, 
and  Carbolic  Acid.  1  went  into  these  things  only  to  help 
out  the  textile  industries,  fur  dyers,  and  others,  ~nd  shall 
probably  shut,  down  these  special  factories  after  the  war  is 
over.  Just  nov;  the  photograph  people  are  urging  me  to  help 
them  out  by  making  Metol,  Glycin;  Hydroquinone  and  Para  Amido 
Ohonol.  X  may  do  so  if  I  can  got  tfeo  apparatus  quickly  enough. 

If  there  are  in  my  list  any  chemicals  y;u  want  I. 
could  probably  help  you  out. 

Yourr.  very  truly, 

M\d.  muf 

*L U^Y-^ML  CC^fe. 

or  <Uwu>  LLC:cu, 

Ujv  t )43&*n  i  (= 

i^)<?cwO  ^AbO^/Vv ojs cnO  (YicoJL^^ €>(**•*  o^p~  c t<-ax<^-w«*' 

CWj  QJqJvIIl  lo^e  J  _.C.  OJ-J  U^ro-'iJ 
I^bl^jaei  -fco  V  <wy  :vVa  2  OiL.  -S' 

\iec£LUS(j  Oj  nr\-^HSX,'*  O-  cy  U  ~j^£rv-Y~>  VVVlvj  VV^'-ojjt 
<5-ro  -^crQ-t&<-oS  c^ol>vA  c^v^1  C_ojnJ  ^'N^c^tv  ^A  oid.-vjJ  i^ojpjp e O 

"to  B  OJV-*  QJVV.<A.^C  0  (Ia^xSJ'AX  <KrvJ  <§k-k  UiC^JV^Tj.  ?^|siL‘U^L(Lal'.(hU» 

CL^,  "Id  (^uha^  ,  'WUfiJjC^oj  jo  <tcaaa  o~wi  %*  oj  ’to  0'd\vT\?\b(j  \J^ 

'  '  B-bufet  ^  s  s  u*  aJu 

3  p)  O-od  fAjvn_  Ui-<r-V-«S. 

Oa^VIO^J-C-  Oyyy  <3iA&  .  l^x^a-oA  A-W 
oJk^XlV.  oAjt/WJJ, 
bllSj  *jikSiL  0,/sJi  ' 

oSjJUv\SL*  (kJ\J 
i  \  y ^  ^  f 

JtAW,  cov^d  .«-o  ssa/w  <OV  o.  O*'  '"1  Cl  1  iM>  <Vy-  ■ 

_ _ .  '-v  ^  —  W~t3sv. .  l-dusj^  r^L  ojws^  CU^AyL^ 

<^4  -£oa-(li^  3  J^tAfcjL.  <CX<a.<y)  U)?/  rws  o-^ 

tiuOC- -^-<w . fe:<s-<iL>jv^cjj  ci^wA  Y(XsbkfcCv'o)  o^w  cl  .r^cd 

"A/Vl  0^1  <3'=-*-l  CX-O^i",  <wl  -S  "^cP-ei  "'Vl'W  ')l[^.<xS-<tw&t^i~' 

L&Sr  C-fl-a  QJW  ’^_jLa3\ 

rvvo^^^jUj^ . 

0k-|  £y"J  tk  (ro_^-crv^ 


OXsvlo-cA  V<xw>  ^hOJYxUco.  vS  Wvvo--Q  Jr  LO-aJ5y  UJ^&S- - - 

iOoQ-wJ  J Jr  ioli  cAS»-  oJj^WA.  oJUbV-C-0.  A-A  U»A, 

A^Jf  -feu  (s^aJ^oLsxJ4  vSki^^k  W«u&*  o*4 

A0V  ~3  LvJ^ecdTc.^  <hw  V-s.  o^  A'S_j  Iras^aA*  & 

S  w-x^.  CbvvcU:^  ^  ^ 

•^kS.  tieadx  ilW.M  o^J:  <s£  oA  IjlojA  \0  koJO-^iU  <wJ  -j^ 
Ujk  vw  ov-  ^  ,w~>  ^o!is  ^  4*,-/  6  >.o-^^  <J l8.^UW^ 
-",L  Uv  AV  CV^AIms-i'- .  vS  WJUjuS-£*  /'Vx^wtd  ^0-UA. 

-3^0  cr|^v-e<^  oSUL.~k O^iiU-.  £.<XLr^  Uuo-JLfl.  3 

Oi-oj_o  "fctvt,  b^-O^td^.  oQusvJu  ixy-o-^j  LjjQ&&-~. 

(3j5l  JLsy  ^su  it(x>-A_ru  kuJxxjLrva  0.  cu£j  o^  rrr^Y^txOviJ.  ^olhaJ 

rv-o  r.jv^rv^i^  a^w'WU*-'  /vv^^-XVoiU.vv-.*--  "jlt^v- 

|  .^,  o^Wj  ^-*ww  QjwcI.  ^V— 

IttXOft*  Lx>^ZSL\d  O.C-X  c5\  fWVC«Lwij-OvSL/  /WvAA.'al  C  O-u-^  a-*^  -dv-  04*SJ^ 

JjLtuoU*v*\,  ^3vlU.  rV^JU-J».  ^w/-*y  -'V'-o^C  (h^-v>  0<TZ>J 

;  jaJLa^L  <f\  *U  |  o*J  L  /v-^  <***-  U|<r^  i 

UxXXJ^L*-cl  CrV  UJ^JLX  ‘«J“.  MJ-OJ*  li  (j-OJvJvS&liL- ,  OJjL 

5|  'K^X  Crl^  G-O-^Uv  AoJvyJ^.  ^^V^oIvaaX.  aAj.  |ul  WjJL 

1&V  OJvO,  "l^Ls-r  0-^X5- 

.  ^ 

A  ta_ <4=> 

1>-U_aJL&W~  C^  ■«_-'5>  0-£jUJt>-M^ 

jU\VJJ5  ,C 



■A^j.  )?( 

OJ  J  pfr^o-i  o  <5 

aJl-b^o^  fSs,JL 

rmw  a-/  £t-r\r>  £  a>v  .'•Jr‘  '  J-Pl 
:u\m.  Clays*-  M.W  rfjjvWt. 

1-0,0  -Luta^vj  -W-a  oVwjO  ,-co 

-ci .  '3  d  o  a--  a-a  ""Majovi 

&**  ^  1U 

3  O^U-C-J^ 



’  <Xavv*J\,  o-y-^L*UJOy,',C 

Kj^->  ''tt£slj  .,d » jm. <j-Ju  cv-o-^OtS-  o.Cj?Ava^,  ^ o  J 

/QjL£\r^.  oAliL-C _ .  -0--A  yy  C^cir  <-  Ov^-A*  ^-ft_/4,  CC-wss^  Cj  ~~fco  <^L<j 

"ilujVAVuv-e^  "l'(3  oixsO,  Uc^ChoSpP 

^Ici-oJ  r^\VJbv,'J!i\>-.  *0  "byO-i  -o-Il»-o-«/3.  ”W/£  ^AVslI/vcuJ'J  o|  Tt^Ju 

rlidnjcxA  <5*  c>  &  d^<  C/V^Q/cJ’oiv/  KJ0a9^ 

oro^  l  LSc-e-A  cecovci  rwa-^lOP  <£isj\'J> — *  v5  f^vOH*rf?cJ  ^W 
^0-40  KAxJL&Jvvced  (\v<^VJJUoW\.\S-  MJ-O-Aa,  ,  "T^C/  P-*^ 

(^SLLSlSL  - ^Ca  (^  Ocrw'JB.  0-^£  /-AA-  -J^OJC  ffiiroAcI  AV()-I  lj-* 

•AcftTOv^  cXaA  U->-y  fUaA iK/vv^w-Cj  .  <ii  ^SmJIv.  "T'.0,cj  a  fVfl_<XAi  <XY*> 

— Pouu  l w«y  TJivcv^  «^dnf  uj-o/N,vJLa  ci  H0  G-u^\  <AJr  c 

^-0>J  0^j\>J!L .  2  ^ «^w ci  \\\ eu^  l  ^  ur«ja/  oiUL  J^N  cvs*-'  ^WP/ 

!,£.  O  O-GOJ'J  OA-O-^WnUli^^  O-^sXaQ.  2.<5rllr,  AAvaaaA  W<  -w,. 

Ism  -HS»  "twv^U.  'SJ  .  U,*^0  ^(UiS,  l^wJu  v9  AaavaA  }£-o<^  Ao4ivil«) 

,Ck  Ui 

CX-c,  iUy<5"^  oJc  aA  *o^tr<_00  pAsO^  \§  CL/Vv' 

XAAvi  iJf'  yfi-erii  i .'^-h!yAn/  /J(  uj-ov»  A-O-Q^CL  ^aw''v 
WesvJL/t,  ^MmjX  OLM- ,6^>K»  JLe--s_{}  O'Vv.  9vowv.A  vS  AaI-aX-G. 

\J5_  cw^J^a  $U.  fi-U-Oxj.^  lOtl?  t-oJ\J\ail  cc\^  i  (2-3-.V.  cl  pcvvv^jcaAx  jc$  V5^ ' 

^  .  "1^-  OolS>  <\a oJ^VJ-Vo^a-vS.  na^tSCoy 

'  — |y£r/  S  ^ixu-a-c  J^vOJ-v-<$,  oiUi.  ^gro-&  (Vvv.oSju'UwC.k.Q  J^-frY* 

UJ*.  «$  A.SV  oo-*^y  1oi_£rCJ-t>-CA.  uX-2-tyv  irtfjl  ) ,  -  .  .-  . 

LU±V_  olXS— .  csSciilii  vcrst-v^  J^Ju»JU\J->-a-^K.  ao-tAaK-  ,  .Jvoju^,  jpuyv-<— |s  <A^ci 
J&v-c^cWi,  jL\c.  L<jCk  't^Csj-^  -^.oaTS.  /V^A  cr.  ifA  >~^S  (AK>-l”t(  X  ve^  AyX' 

C.<L.\y'JU  lo  /WXj,  dyL-Cr^^'i.^ti'J  t]A  ojJjjJy^Jut^tL 

<0  pa4>-o~tu~«-^  "Y(V)w  ^\jiVv  am- ,.  ■$)  tv  (reav^i-5-  |-*-<4-vw_  a- 

.AuJLsl  <£1  (r^UVivxiL^  A/vv.  ~t-(\JA  (rtf-Ae-/;.  ^*wJn  CMvi  aJ 

CLwt)  xLcd"  &~n akaJL  .uro-a  ^r~oy^-  o-  Xu-Cva/I  ^~ts 

'j^  (VV\,  ''^CtV  (XAv-t/X>  c*-0  ;  Oow  J  -^fc(\0  /'V— oa|^J^^4-$X~iX  X*J /^-tT^Ut/CJi 

Vw  Cr-axjvii3- .  >aj-o  o  ^VV'-tUy  2— -^6 

M  (5“CUv/' 

Hay  35th. 1916. 

The  Board  of  Health, 

Bloomfield,  IT.  J. 

Gentlemen:  y  ■ 

I  write  to  advise  you  that  we  have  now 
turned  into  the  sewer  all  the  waste  md  refuse  from 
my  Aniline  and  Carbolio  Plants  at  Silver  Lake;  also  that 
I  hope  to  absorb  any  escaping  gases  by  means  of  ab¬ 
sorbing  tower,  which  I  expeot  will  be  in  operation 
next  week. 

Your 8  very  truly. 

Zurich,  le  25  Mai  1916. 
47  rue  du  Righi 

Monsieur  Wm.  H,  Meadowcroft, 


Par  votre  lettre  du  25  avril  vous  me  demandez  une  autre 
formula  pour  la  preparation  du  paxamidophenol  que  celle  par  la  reduc¬ 
tion  du  paranitrophenol  avec  du  far  et  de  l’acide  ohlorhydrique  prati¬ 
que  jusau’ k  present. 

Je  me  fais  un  plaisir  de  vous  adresser  ci- joint  des 
donnees  sur  la  methods  e!ectrolitique/  pratiqude  k  oe  que  je  sais  sur 
une  grande  echelle  et  donnant  de  hons  rdsultats. 

Ayant  commes point  de  depart  le  nitrohenzol  d'un  cote  et 
yant  1' eleotrioite  k  hon  marche  je  ne  doute  pas  que  vous  en  saurez 
tirer  partie. 

Veuillez  agrder,  Monsieur,  mes  salutations  ampressees. 


Elektrolytiaohe  Darstallung  von 
Paraamldophenol  aua  Hitrobenzol. 

Auafilhrung  dor  Verauohe. 

Zur  Reduction  warden  zunaohst  die  DitrokBrper 
event,  unter  Erwfirmen  je  nach  den  UmstBnden  in  der  5-10  fachen 
Gowiohtamenge  reinor  cone.  Sehwefelaaure  gelBat.  Pie  orkaltete 
LB8ung  wurde  in  eine  porBse  Thonzelle,  welohe  einen  Purchmesser 
von  4-5  cm.  und  eine  HBhc  von  8-9  cm.  besaaa,  eingeflillt,  dieae 
in.einb  circa  2  cm.  weitores  Beoherglaa  geatellt  und  der  Raum 
zwiachen  beiden  mit  75-100  CJ>  Sehwefelaaure  angeftlllt.  In  die 
innere  Zelle  tauchte  die  Kathode  ein,  welohe  aua  einom  Platinbleoh 
3  :  4£  om  bestand,  wahrend  die  Anode,  die  von  der  gleichen  GrBaae 
war,  aioh  in  der  ausaeren  Fliiaaigkeitaschicht  befand.  Per  Strong' 
welcher  einer  Acoumulatorenbatterie  entnoramen  wurde,  be8aS3  eine 
Spannung  von  5-6  Volt  und  war  zur  Elektrolyse  im  Purohsohnitt 
eine  Strom8tarke  von  l£-3  Amp Sr e  erforderlich.  Pie  Pauer  eines 
Verauchea  betrug  je  jaoh  den  Umatanden  18-24  Stunden.  Bel  der 
Reaction  tritt  in  den  moisten  Fallen  eine  lebhafte  Erwarnmng 
der  Sehwefelaaure,  in  einzelnen  Fallen  bi3  ouf  80°  Cel3.  ein,  aodasa 
ioh  bei  meinen  eraten  Verauohen  fiir  Abk(ihlung  der  Zelle  Sorge  trug; 
in  der  letzten  Zeit  habe  ioh  nioht  mehr  unter  Kuhlung  gearbeitot 
und  verlaufen  die  Frooeaae  unter  diesen  Umatanden  z.  Th.  sohneller. 


Paraamiaophenol  2. 

Was  die  Gewinnung  das  Reaktionsproduktes  anlangt, 
so  soheidet  sich  aasselbo  in  den  meisten  Fallen  in  Form  eines 
schwefelsauren  Seizes  aireot  aus  der  Sohwefelsaure  ab  und  kann 
man  dasselbe  duroh  Filtriren  liber  Aspest  and  Abpressen  auf  Ton 
leioht  isoliren. 

Darstellung  von  Paraamldophenol. 

Znr  Elektrolyse  wurde  eine  LBsung  von  20  grin. 
Nitrobenzol  in  150  grm.  Sohwefelsaure  verwandt. 

Bereits  nach  kurzer  Zeit  farbt  sich  aie  Fltissig- 
keit  unter  immer  zunehmender  Erwarmung  blaugriin  und  naoh  5-10 
Stunaen  1st  der  Zelleninhalt  zu  einem  aiohten  Krystallbrei  von 
weissen  Biattohen  erstarrt,  welohe  11b er  Aspest  abgesaugt  una  auf 
Ton  gotrooknot  warden.  Die  Ausbeute  an  Rohprodukt  belief  Bioh  auf 
20-25  grm.  Zur  Reinigung  kann  man  aie  Krystalle  aud  Wasser  Oder 
zweokmassiger  aus  verdtlnntem  Alkohol  umkrystallisiren.  Der  KBr- 
per  erwies  sich  in  alien  Eigensohaften  als  sohwefolsaures  para- 
Amidophenol;  aurch  aoppelkohlensaures  Natron  konnte  aaraus  die 
freie  Base  abgesohieden  warden,  welohe,  wie  angegeben,  einen 
Sohmelzpunkt  von  186°  Cels,  besass. 



V.T.K.flTOOLY'illCAL  PRRIV.RaTIOH  OF  ibliA  A„:ll)0  BilKHOL  I'KOM 

T.TiOTTTfin  or  i'KQCEPUKK. 

For  reduction,  tho  nitrated  subs tone o  is  dissolved  in  b  -  10  times 
its  weight  of  pure  concentrated  Sulphuric  -cid,  with  tho  aid  01  heat, 
if  necessary,  according  to  cii’cumstancoo. 

5ho  ooolod  solution  io  poui-od  into  a  porouo  cup  haying  a  diameter 
of  4  -  C  contimotoro  and  a  hoight  of  from  8  -  9 fl?°”Hn^ofBphout  2  oont- 
porous  oup  io  then  i>laoed  in  a  boakor  Having  a  ai-amotox  of  about  8  cent 
imotors  more  than  tho  cup,  and  tho  epaoe  hotv/oon  is  fillo  with  7b  10CV 
Sulphuric  Acid. 

In  tho  innor  coll  is  placed  tho  cathode  of  platinum  S  centimers  by 
a  i/2eontimoters,  while  the  anode  which  was  of  tho  samo  size  is 
placed  in  tho  outer  cell. 

'i'ho  curront  is  tokon  from  a  storage  battory,  tho  voltage  boing 
_  g  volts  end  a  curront  donsity  tliroughout  tho  olootrolysis  of 
1  l/2  to  3  omperos  boing  necessary,  ‘file  time  of  olootrolysis  takes, 
according  to  circumstances,  12  to  24  hours. 

In  tho  course  of  electrolysis  thoro  is  caused  rapid  hooting  of 
the  ;  ulphur ic° Acid?  In  some  individual  cases  as 
In  m v  first  oxoorimonts  it  was  uocossary  to  cool  tno  solution.  In 
later  oSorimonts  I  did  not  have  to  cool  the  coll.  '.ho  procoss  is 
comolctod  moro  rapidly  when  kopt  warm.  rho  in  tho  “uiphurir 

cases  C:  ystallizes  out  in  tho  form  of  the  sulphate  in  ”“° m 
Acid  and  can  bo  soparatod  by  filto.  ing  through  asbostos;  driod  on 
porous  plates. 


Por  Kloctrolysie  thoro  was  token  a  solution  of  20  graramos  of  Uitro- 
Bonzol  in  l&O  grammos  of  :  wlphur ic  -.eid. 

Cho  fluid  pradually  bocoming  warmer  aftor  u  short  tirao  is  colorod 
bluish  Proon  eld  aftorb  -  10  hours  it  has  thickonod  to  a  crystalline 
mss  o/white  crystals,  which  aro  filtored  on  an  asbestos  filter  and 
driod  on  porouo  plates. 

Tho  viold  of  crude  nroduct  io  20  -  2b  grammes.  To  purify  this 
tho  crude  nroduct  can  bo  crystallizod  from  wator  but  bettor  £*°m  J-*" 
cohol.  This  produet  responds  to  all  tests  of  far a  Amido  lnonol  sul- 
phato.  neutralizing  with  sodium  bicarbonate,  tho  freo  baso  can  bo 
obtained,  which  has  a  melting  point  of  186°  centigrade. 



Production  of  Para  Amido  Phenol  hy  the  electrolytioal  reduction  of 
Nitrobenzol  according  to  E.  Darnstadter  L.K.P.  164086  is  hereby  shown 
that  an  eleotrolyte  is  used  consisting  of  Sulphurio  Acid  so  diluted  that 
Nitrobenzol  is  not  dissolved  but  suspended  therein.  In  the  cathode 
chamber  of  the  electrolytic  cell  there  is  placed  1000  cc.  60$  Sulphuric 
Acid  and  260  grams  Nitrobenzol  while  the  anode  compartment  is  filled 
with,  at  the  most,  40$  Sulphuric  Acid,  which  is  diluted  during  the 
electrolysis  as  it  has  a  tendency  to  concentrate.  Carbon  is  used  as  a 
cathode,  lead  plates  is  used  as  anode. 

With  rapid  stirring  a  current  of  6  amperes  is  passed  until  200 
ampere  hours  have  been  used  up.  At  this  stage  200  gramB  of  the  Hitro- 
benzol  have  been  converted  while  60  grams  remains  unaltered. 

The  solution  from  the  cathode  compartment  is  allowed  to  cool,  the 
unaltered  Nitrobenzol  separated  from  the  rest  of  the  contents  by  scoop¬ 
ing  off  from  the  top.  The  separated  crystalline  Eara  Amido  Phenol  sul¬ 
phate  is  filtered  off  and  the  strength  of  the  filtrate  brought  up  to 
60$  with  Sulphuric  Acid  ready  for  another  electrolysis. 

This  method  is  applicable  for  the  reduction  of  other  nitro  hydro¬ 
carbons  and  some  of  the  nitro  bodies  of  the  aromatic  series.  Example, 
Para  Amido  Cresol  can  be  obtained  from  Ortho  nitro  toluol.,  etc'. 

Pe  nn  syevani  a  Tax  k  Line 

.oui8.Mo  Kepokthtg  ^Lvrks“P.T.X.”  <=■=“■=' 

Hay  25,  1916. 

Ajk*  \ 


Thomas  A.  Bill  _ 

Orange,  new  Jersey . 

Gentlemens  / 

We  are  in  receipt  of  your  letter  of  May  24th  malting  inquiry 
ing  leasing  of  two  additional  oars  for  the  transportation  of  Benzol. 

At  the  present  time  we  do  not  have  available  any  10,000  gallon  oars; 
hut  would  have  oars  of  this,,  capacity  during  the  month  of  July,  if  oars  are 
not  required  until  ttet  tinwT^are  in  a  position  to  forward  to  immed¬ 
iate  lv  two  new  8,250  gallon  oars>  a  rental  of  #50.00  per  month,  each,  for 
he  pleased  to  plaoe  these  oars  in  your 

"  2 period  of "ihree  years  at  a  rental  of  *25.00  per  month,  per  oar. 

We  equip  oars  with  steam  coils  and  have  a  number  of  such  oars  in 
the  Benzol^ service  at  the  present  time,  but  understand  that  steam  ' 

sz  <**!..  eub- 

xssxtt  v.s-,r£rK 

per  month  mileage.  This  greatly  reduces  the  amount  of  rental. 

Thanking  you  for  your  inquiry  and  trusting  that  wo  might  be  favored 
with  your  order  whioh  will  be  given  immediate  attention,  we  remain 

Youtb  very  truly. 

May  26th.  1916. 

Mr.  Luthar  Zountze, 

141  Broadway, 

Hew  fork  City. 

My  dear  Mr.  Zountze: 

I  enclose  herewith  a  letter  from  the  H.  Koppers 
Company,  Pittsburgh,  pa.,  under  date  of  the  24th  instant, 
in  which  they  ask  for  data  in  regard  to  the  barrel  of  coal 
which  was  sent  to  them  a  little  over  a  year  ago.  This  was 
the  sample  barrel  you  sent  up  to  me  from  your  coal  deposit, 
and  on  which  they  were  to  make  report  as  to  the  possibilities 
of  utilising  the  same  through  a  by-product  plant. 

If  you  care  to  have  the  data  furnished  to  them, 

I  shall  bo  glad  to  forward  their  data  sheet,  or  you  can  com¬ 
municate  with  the  Koppers  Company  direct,  if  you  desire. 

fours  very,  truly, 


J(ii  irmmijlimn.Ala . 

kfi.o-*'  y»y  Sides*  ’, 



r7^  ^ ,, 

*~  tT'—1 

eU4  0-*“ \*  y- 

Oo.  ^  ^  . 

tc  ^ —  • 


Birmingham,  Ala. 

^  iA<d-w-o^^  »*■  nnp- 
tkrx-  ^  ft %>-^-  I  ^3  w 
A  c  7a™  >4  »**-“- 1 

yJ^t-yiA  yt^v^~  (f*  _ 

L^tri r 

+  brd*i  (Arvf^ 

^  ^  0”— ' 

^txt^  ^ 

a.  ^~vc=l  f*— •  Ip  •  ' 


Birmingham, Ala. 

/fe.  uM 

t+tfh  -r^a^P^--  ^ 

xiAAAs  t/XyXZ^,  &  h  tx(i^  oJJl 



-^J ~JL.CU«~ 

l*r\_  (L  ,-u~^  (r\  v^\  epf 

/  i_“  —  b^x^>  uy^M 

l^AkCL.  oJL~,  urx.  (k**  C^- 

(M*A  clAy^-H*-  ^ 

U*\  (L^r-$feX4  bt^\ 
ifj~  uhUzZ  6r(^  b^lcKA^^  6-*y 
8-vUJUoKI |  r  ^ 

iks*ri*<<  "r—  ^ 

^cfe:  f3o^>tZ^ 

2/  f — TK-txCy 



Silver  Late,  N.  J., 

May  26th,  1916. 

Mr.  W.  H.  Meadoworoft. 

Subject:  MITSUI  &  COMP ANT 

In  the  letter  from  Mitsui  &  Co.  dated  May  15th,  there  is 
nothing  said  about  a  special  shipment  or  a  special  drum, the  contents  of 
which  did  not,  according  to  their  meaning,  come  up  to  the  normal  standard. 
The  letter  from  Mitsui  &  Company  speaking  about  our  Phenol  in  a  general 
way  only,  I  have  to  explain  in  the  same  general  way  how  we  are  proceeding: 

The  Phenol  for  Mitsui  &  Co.  is  manufactured  in  the  same  way 
as  all  our  other  shipments,  which  undergo,  as  for  instance  those  to  the 
U.  S.  Navy,  a  very  close  test  by  an  official  of  the  U.  S.  Navy. 

In  regard  to  solubility,  tho  specification  of  the  U.  S.  Navy 
is  as  follows:  "Place  one  gram  of  Phenol  in  a  beaker  with  20  C.C.  of  water, 
and  heat  to  80  to  100  degrees  Fahr.  with  constant  stirring.  The  Phenol 
should  bs  completely  soluble. 

In  rgeard  to  crystallizing  point,  the  specification  of  the 
U.  S.  Navy  demands  that  the  Phenol  ought  to  solidify  above  38  degrees  Centi¬ 

Yvhen  Mitsui  &  Company's  letter  arrived  to  had  just  started 
to  prepare  a  now  shipment  for  them,  aid.  have  now  taken  an  extra  sample  of 
eaoh  batch,  as  mentioned  hereafter: 

Batch  No.  Drum  No. 
348  481 

350  482 

357  483 

358  484 

361  485 

365  486 

369  487 

110  488  to  493 

Solidifying  Point. 




We  have  tested  to-day  the  solubility  of  all  of  these  samples, 
and  find  them  answering  the  specifications  of  the  U.  S.  Navy. 

In  order  to  be  positively  sure  that  our  shipnents  to  Mitsui 
&  Co.  in  the  future  are  up  to  their  standard,  I  would  suggest  that  in  a 
similar  way,  like  it  is  done  by  the  U.  S.  Navy,  a  test  by  a  representative 
from  Mitsui  might  bo  made  in  our  laboratory  at  Silver  Lake ,  and  that  ship¬ 
ments  be  made  only  after  we  have  Mitsui  &  Company' s  written  agreement  that 
the  Phenol  is  0-K.  I  keep  the  above  mentioned  samples  ready,  eithar  to 
have  them  tested  here  in  Silver  Lake  by  Mitsui  &  Co.,  or  to  send  them  to 
some  expert  if  they  want  us  to  do  so. 

June  2nd.  1916. 

Mr.  Edwin  E.  Slick,  Vice  PreEident, 

Cambria  Steel  Comuany, 

JohnBtov.n,  Pa. 

Dear  Mr.  Slick: 

Mr.  Edieon  has  referred  your  letter 
of  May  27th  to  me.  I  wired  Mr.  Bacon  to  seo 
you  in  regard  to  making  some  arrangements,  if 
possible,  to  have  Cambria  recover  the  acid  from 
our  acid  washings. 

I  hope  ho  will  be  able  to  make  some 
satisfactory  arrangements  with  you. 

Vours  very  truly. 

I'lUr  h-  f '  ^/l  l"  '  K  ^ 

a  i  7  -/*  -6wi.  -  ^L-'1  W 

/?<^A  &  Sf  i  C; 

Qy)  yO/^t, JrtT?*M.  O^CL-’  ^O^  ■*-*- i - 
^P^ai  /-4i.  G>  /^r-w  S  ''!''~‘rirv'~ 

._  y/-«  ^  ^  co^yf^-o^D 

~^F-  IslM^U  ^asv  f'  t'—t—  O^-t^-C'  , 

^  77 ;  <u./ £<_  So't^. 

^ . 

T/yts^l  /h^U^j 

May  3Sth.  ISIS 

Pennsylvania  Tank  Line, 
Sharon,  Pa. 


V  ic  favor  of  the  35th  instant  has  been  reoeived, 
and  1  thank  you  for  your  prompt  attention  to  my  inquiry. 

I  will  accept  your  offer  of  two  now  8.350  gallon 
tank  cars  at  a  rental  of  §30.00  per  month  each  for  one  year 
lease,  coinronclng  Juno  1st,  1916.  Dill  you  pie:  ce,  therefore, 
son.l  lease,  and  I  /rill  sign  the  same. 

I  noto  your  remarks  in  regard  to  steam  coile  and  it 
will  bp  agreeable  to  ire  to  have  you  substitute  later  on  cars 
equipped  with  steam  coils,  when  we  get  nearer  tho  winter 

I  will  ask  y  u  to  ship  the  two  oars  above  named 
about  June  let,  and  will  have  my  Traffio  Department  send  you 
shipping  instructions  therefor. 


vary  truly, 


(Holnra,  CMpmtt&ta,  (0ila  anil  Mineral  ijpniiinrta 

>  11-18  Cuff  Streets 


NEW  YORK  5/29/lG 

'mas  A.  Edison,  Incorp., 
;ngo,  E.J. 

fV°‘\  LttP*  \  /A> 

attention  of  Mr.  Ifeadov/croft . 

- W 

ante,  Ga.  at  the  P  (\./  f. 

Est  seined.. Fr  lend 

Kindly  note,  I  hcvo  in  Atlanta,  Ga.  at  the  ^  A ,  /• 

present  time  on  freight  cars  as  received,  494  galvanic eKS'jf  -/•* 
12  gunge  extra  heavy  iron  drums  suitable  for  exportii*-  - 
handling  sixty-six  degree  Sulphur io  Acid  or  like 

These  drums  were-  sent  to  Atlanta  to  t&Kh 
of  sixty-six  degree  Sulphuric  Acid  purchased  from 
Acid  Manufacturer  there,  who  refused  to  make  deliver] 
of  Aoiu  claiming  default  of  contract  on  my  part  throi 
delay  of  one  day  in  making  delivery  of  drums,  whief  ' 

7/as  due  to  a  breakdown  of  the  first  car  while  enrol 
Atlanta,  necessitating  same,  according  to  railroad 
records,  having  to  undergo  repairs  lasting  thr< 

I  assume  the  Acid  Company  refused  to  liri 
to  their  contract  on  this  slight  technicality,  al| 
accounto^seeing  a  profit  of  twenty  or  twenty  ,'1 
per  torf^in  selling  their  Acid  elsewhere, 
having  keen  $55.00  per  ton  while  the  market  pr? 
they  refused  "to  make  contract  ‘nithtwicfj  according  to 
own  letters,  was  $55.00  tor  ton  f.o.b.  Atlanta. 

I  have  instituted  suit  for  damages  against  the 
Acid  Company,  in  the  meantime,  have  been  trying  to  dispose/ 
of  the  drums  without  a  loss  but  find  it  is  impossible,  / 

therefore,  thought  probably  you  might  be  interested  in  / J- 

purchase  of  these  drums  at  a  loss  v/hich  I  am  willing  to  ^ 
make  on  same  and  v/hich  will  be  charged  in  my  damage  suit 
against  the  Acid  Company. 

These  drums  cost  me  §8.50  each  f.o.b.  Baltimore,  Md. 
with  freight  to  Atlanta  of  Sojf/lOO  and  accrued  demurrage 
charges  which  makes  the  aggregate  cost  as  I  figure  it  today 
about  $10.00  each.  Nevertheless,  I  r~ - ^ — 

(i  ready  to  take 


dolors ,  CHIjmTrala,  (0tla  atth  Ulinrral  froburta 

99  John  and  11-18  Cuff  Streets  spbciai.  corrjbpondknts  in  au 



a  substantial  loss  on  these  drums  and  charge  same  to  t] 
Acid  Co.  in  my  suit  against  them. 

Can  you  use  these  drums?  it  * 
tc  learn  the  best  price  you  can  offer  me  : 
f.o.b.  Atlanta,  Oa.  or  delivered  Silver  .ji 
can  help  me  out  in  this  natter  and  at  the 
your  own  interests,  v/ill  a i prelate  it  ve: 

i,  will  be  glad 
>r  same  cither 

s'  very  respectfully, 



0  QJOJI'&V 


A,  v* 

*  V">  ^ 


3 '  # 

Ala.  May  29th,  1916. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Being  employed  at  the  Benzol  Plant  for 
the  Tennessee  Coal  Iron  &  Rail  Road  Company, 

Fairfield,  Ala.,  which  is  of  the  German  type 

and  am  in  position  to  furnish  you  any  kind  of  information 

or  blue  prints  that  would  tend  to  make  improvements 

on  your  plant  for  a  reasonable  amount. 

Trusting  this  will  be  strictly  confidential 
even  if  my  offer  is  not  accepted,  and  hoping  to  hear 
from  you  at  an  early  date,  I  beg  to  remain 
xours  respectfully, 

P.S.  Our  production  from  one  finishing  still  for 
48  hours  is  1200  gallons  C.  P.  Benzol. 

Box  624, 
ley,  Ala. 

.o'  > 

Post  Office 



Sent  to- . Kt.te.tou . Tokyo . -NEW  YORK,  39>»e 




















In  consequence  of 






much  less 

propose  to  oontraot 

ata  reasonable  price 




half  year 

telegraph  if  you  oan 

(Be.-  Shipments  of  sodium  Sulphite)  to) 

Uruguay  and  Cuba. 

In  accordance  with  Ur.  Uoadowcroft'o  instructions, 

I  endeavored  to  obtain  information  through  our  Customs  Brokers 
as  to  the  names  of  the  consignors  and  consignees  of  60,000  lbs. 
of  sodium  Sulphite  shipped  to  Uruguay  and  30,000  lbs.  shipped  to 

Our  Customs  Brokers,  Messrs.  Ulebrugge  and  Day,  have 
found  it  very  difficult  to  obtain  any  definite  information  re¬ 
garding  these  shipments,  as  they  advise  that  tho  government-^ 
officials  refuse  to  give  any  detailed  information.  Our  Customs 
Brokers  state,  however,  that  tho  Grasselli  Chemical  Company,  Mo 
Maiden  Lane,  U.Y.City,  and  tho  General  Chemical  Company,  Mo. 25 
Brood  Street,  U.Y.City,  havo  recently  made  shipments  of  sodium 
Sulphite  to  the  countries  mentioned  above.  x- 

I  endeavored  to  get  further  information  through  'our 
Shipping  Brokers,  hut  was  unsuccessful. 

Tfeu  Wemmi  W®mm< 

The  Carbolic  Acid  which  you  have  been  furnishing 
us  in  the  past  does  not  keep  in  crystal  form  at  the  present 
temperature  and  the  cans  are  so  poorly  made  that  every  one  of 

them  leaks. 

We  request  you  to  kindly  take  steps  to  safe¬ 
guard  us  against  loss  of  this  kind.  First  by  supplying  a 
Carbolic  Acid  in  crystal  form  and  not  in  liquid  form,  and 
second  by  putting  it  in  cans  which  will  not  leak  if  the 
acid  becomes  liquid  in  high  temperature. 

According  to  report  from  our  factory  our  loss 
through  leaking  of  liquid  Carbolic  Acid  out  of  the  cans 
is  very  considerable.  We  have  called  your  attention  totMs 
fact  once,  or  twice  before  and  must  earnestly  request  that 
you  take  steps  to  overcome  this  trouble. 

Yours  very  truly. 

jf-  —  v.  Brc 

Edwin  G.  Schutz,  limited 


12.14  ST.  ELOI  STREET, 
Montreai., _ 

laboratory  of 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  IT.  .T. 


Replying  to  your  esteemed  favor  re  Ursol  D,  we  would  kindly 
ask  you  to  favor  us  with  price  on  this  article  aw  well  as  sample. 

Also  notify  us  if  you  are  putting  out  an  article  similar 
to  the  Ursol  P,  which  is  a  fur  brown. 

Your  prompt  attention  will  greatly  oblige 


Dressers  and  Dyers  of  Fur  Skins  and  Cutters  of  Hatters'  Furs  croco  

Brooklyn, N.Y.  _May_31a±_iai6_ 

,  dr* 

_  ‘  L/**  '  .j-v  .^4 

iceipt  of  your  favor  and  * — > 

referring  to  your  product  we  beg  to  say  i 

the  article  to  be  very  good,  but  for  the  present  i 

We  would  appreciate  it  if  you  will  let  us  know 
if  you  are  making  any  fancy  Aniline  Color  and  also^Aniline') 

Salt) for  future  delivery. 

Yours  very  truly, 

}/  //^ 

s  /  m  /i  ^yC' 

For  Ass' t. Gen.  Manager.  '} 


Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Chemicals  (E-16-16) 

45  p»rk  Place 




V  v 

June  3/l 6 

Main  Work*  .  . 

«  G/m/ 

Rahway,  n.  j. 

Gentlemen:  - 

In  further  reference  to  your  communication 
of  May  16th  and  to  the  samples  of  Sodium  Sulphate  and 
Sodium  Acetate  submitted,  we  regret  to  adviee/that  we 
found  the  sample  of  Sodium  Sulphite  Anhydrous  discolored 
and  the  Sodium  Sulphite  Hydrous  to  be  very  pfuoh  smaller 
crystals  than  our  present  supplies  and  alsd"  not  yielding 
a  clear  solution  in  water. 

The  sample  of  Sodium  Aoetate/was  considerably 
discolored  and  therefore  supplies  of  either  of  the  itemB 
would  not  be  suitable  for  our  use.  / 

We,  nevertheless,  appreciate  your  kindness 
in  submitting  the  samples  for  examination  and  regret 
that  we  have  not  the  pleasure  of  passing  you  an  order. 

With  assurances  of  esteem,  we  are, 

/'  Yours  very  truly, 

Attested:  fi  MERCK  &  CO. 

laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison 


Juno  6  th.  1916, 

Mr.  Dowling: 

Wo  are  trying  to  drum  up  somo  now  eustomors  for  iUraphony- 
lonodiamino ,  and  wo  have  had  a  numhor  of  answers  to  our  lot  Lore.  Will 
you  plooeo  Bond  two  ounoo  eamploB  to  tho  following  pooplo.  you  will 
notico  that  those  aro  to  ho  two  ounoo  oamplos  not  ono  ounco  EumploB. 
Please  coo  that  tho  matorial  is  all  right  and  up  to  our  standard  prod¬ 
uct  in  quality.  Kindly  got  them  off  as  soon  as  poBBihlo,  to  tho  follow¬ 
ing  pooplo.  These  two  ounce  samploo  aro  to  bo  Bont  no  charge. 

i,'  Pchnaufor,  59  HcMurriok  Stroot,  Toronto,  Canada. 

John  Pigvoa  Kobe  and  Tanning  Co.,  29th  and  •  oroet  Homo  ,,vo.  Milwt 
J.IarundQ  f;  Lhbrocquc,  19  -  2t  Avsnuo  Eontiud,  uohoc ,  Canada. 

The  British  Fur  Com, any,  40G  Bathurst  Street,  Toronto,  Canada. 
The  Bliscfiold  L  Tanning  Co.,  Blissfiold,  Mich, 

Tho  Worthing  &  ..Igor  Co.  Hillsdale,  Uich. 

Detroit  ;ur  Dressing  l:  Dyeing  Co.  80  Woodhridgo  St.  West, _  Detroi 
national  Pur  h  Tanning  Co.,  1921  So.  llith  Street,  Omaha,  Hod. 

V. ob torn  Fur  Dressing  u  Dyoing  t.orko,  266  State  Strut,  st.  Paul, 
liorth  star  i’ur  Dressing  and  Dyeing  Works,  129  Front  street,  st.  ■ 

uirao,  Die. 

,  Mich. 

uul,  Minn, 

A.o  follow  in~.  iiavo  asked  for  one  pound  packages  so  luoaoo 
ship  to  ouch  of  the  following  a  ono  pound  paokuge  of  ,.araphonylonediamine, 
and  hill  to  them  at  .;4.a&  -or  pound.  This  is  not  to  oo  c .  c .  D.  «r. 
r.diGon  Buia  ho  would  tore  his  chance  on  their  paying  for  if. 

M.  Bromhorg  1  Son  Co.,  1406  XI.  liulatod  Street.  Chicago,  Ill. 
iir.  Frank  Martin,  486  Prospect  .^vonuo,  Milwaukee,  tie. 




Kr.  Stanley  boggett, 

99  John  Etreot, 

How  York  City. 

Door  ;.lr.  boggott : 

X  received  your  favorof  the  a9th  ultimo  in  regard 
to  494  galvanized  iron  drums  which  you  now  havo  at  Atlanta,  Ga. 

V.c  are  prott  well  fixed  for  drums  just  now,  and  have  addition¬ 
al  shipments  on  the  way,  which  woro  ordered  como  months  ago. 

However,  I  showod  your  letter  to  i,tr.  Edison,  thinking 
that  ho  might  bo  inclined  to  toko  a  ohanco  on  ordering  como 
additional  stuff,  but  ho  cannot  boo  liic  way  clear  to  buying  any 
more  drums  just  now,  as  wo  shall  havo  an  amplo  supply  for  our 
noods  for  sorno  time  to  como. 

Ho  wishes  :ne  to  thank  you  for  giving  him  tho  opportunity 
to  acquire  com  of  those  drums. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  iir.  Edison: 

Juno  5 til.  19X6 

i,.  &  s.  Chapal  I’roree  &  Co., 

413  'uilloughby  Avonue, 

Brooklyn,  i{.  Y.  Attention  of  tar.  v.m.  lutz. 


Your  favor  of  tlio  Klst  ultimo  has  boon  roceivod, 
and  I  am  glad  to  learn  of  ■  our  good  opinion  of  the  Para- 
phenylonediemine  produced  at  my  factory. 

replying  ;o  your  inquiry,  lot  me  say  that  I  am  not 
making  any  fancy  Aniline  colors,  but  I  am  making  Aniline  Salt 
on  ordor  for  two  or  throe  of  my  customers.  If  you  would  like 
to  bo  included  among  my  customers  for  this  ciiomical,  I  Eliould 
be  glad  to  hoar  from  you  as  to  what  quantity  you  would  uso,  say 
per  wook  or  per  month,  l.o  can  moke  fairly  quick  dolivory. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Juno  bth .  1916. 

Edwin  G.'fehutz,  limited, 

12  St.  iiloi  Street, 

Montreal,  Canada. 


Your  favor  of  the  Slat  ultimo  has  been  received, 
and  X  take  pleasure  in  aending  you  b„  this  mail  a  sample  of 
paruphenylonodiamino.  Before  you  try  Uiis,  lot  :o  call  your 
attention  to  the  fact  that  this  iG  a  base,  and,  therefore, 
of  full  strength.  Ursol  l>  was  a  hydrochloride  of  this  base, 
and,  therefore,  not  as  strong.  You  ought  to  got  the  same  re¬ 
sults  with  about  two-thirds  of  our  1’arap henyl onediamine  as 
you  got  with  tho  other  material. 

;.:y  urico  for  scot  lots  of  paraphony lone  diamine  is 
^4.00  per  pound-  If  you  wish  to  contract  for  your  require¬ 
ments  until  tiio  ond  of  December,  1916,  I  can  make. you  a  con¬ 
tract  prico  of  v3.7b  Por  pound-  I  allow  1‘.  for  cash. 

I  expect  in  the  near  future  lo  be  in  the  market  ith 
on  article  which  ie  also  a  base  of  trsol  1,  for  a  fur  brown. 

1  am  not  in  position,  however,  to  speak  of  this  definitely 
for  a  week  or  two. 

Kindly  address  your  reply  for  attention  of  fir. 

Yours  vory  truly, 

June  5th.  1916. 

Mr.  Goorgo  Otis  Smith, Director, 

Department  of  the  Interior, 

Unitea  States  Geological  survey, 

Washington,  D.  C. 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  our  previous  correspondence  in  re¬ 
gard  ta  the  quantity  of  Benzol  and  other  light,  oils  obtained 
from  Mr.  Edison's  Benzol  Plant  jat  Johnctow:.,  Pa.,  wo  are  now 
about  ready  to  roport  to  you,  but  Mr.  Edison  wishes  mo  to 
ask  you'  wh  t  you  mean  by  value,  at  the  works .  Do  you  mean  the 
cost  of  production,  including  ovorhoaa  expenses?  If  so, 
should  the  cost  include  any  royalty  which  might  bo  paid  by  Mr. 

por  your  information,  -I  would  Bay  that  Ur.  Edison  also 
has  a  Benzol  Plant  at  the  Works  of  the  Woodward  Iron  Company, 
Woodward,  Ala.  DO  you  also  wish  to  have  similar  information  in 
regard  to  this  plant.  If  so,  will  you  ploaso  concha  separate 
card  for  tho  same. 

fours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison. 

&HU.  (Lo 



— . . “I® 

June  6,  lflifr. 


rar  complaint  of  May  Slat  about 

Messrs.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc., 

Orange ,  Hew  Jersey. 

Gentlemen: - 

Referring  to  < 

Carbolic  Acid  arriving  at  our  factory  in  liquid  state  and  with 
the  cans  leaking,  we  beg  to  advise  you  that  the  shipment,  which 
7/e  received  yesterday  leaked  very  badly  when  it  arrived,  V.'e 
consequently  weighed  every  can  and  found  a  shortage  of  45  lb3., 
divided  up  as  per  enclosed  list. 

Kindly  advise  vis  in  what  manner  you  propose  to  adjust 
this  difference,  and  v/hat  you  expect  to  do  in  order  to  avoid  similar 

Our  Factory  Superintendent,  with  whom  we  have  t alien 
up  this  matter,  advises  that  the  Carbolic  Acid  which  v;e  get  from 
you  is  not  completely  crystallized  and  that  the  cans,  v/hile  they 
seem  satisfactory  for  a  solid  product,  do  not  hold  Carbolic  Acid 
in  liquid  state.  He  furthermore  calls  attention  to  the  extreme 
danger  for  the  people  v/ho  have  to  handle  this  product  in  liquid 
or  semi-liquid  state. 

Under  the  circumstances  we  again  urgently  request  that 

you  hold  your  Carbolic  Acid  until  it  is  completely  crystallised  and 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Inc. 


June  6,  1916, 

ao  not  ship  any  that  is  in  liquid  state. 

V/e  also  request  you  to  kindly  insiBt  that  the  truck 
operators  v;ho  take  the  Carbolic  Acid  from  your  works  cover  the 
drums  up  so  as  to  protect  them  against  the  effect  of  the  sun, 
as  this  may  melt  the  Carbolic  Acid,  in  view  of  the  low  melting 
point  of  your  product. 

Trusting  that  you  will  give  this  matter  your  careful 
attention,  we  remain, 

Yours  very  truly. 




Pres 't, 


June  7th.  1916. 

Mr.  Edison: 

After  mating  some  inquiries  I  have  gotten  down  to  the 
root  of  the  trouble.  We  get  our  galvanized  iron  cans  from  the 
American  Can  Company.  It  seems  that  they  are  trying  to  turn  out 
a  package  made  entirely  by  machinery,  and  we  have  been  getting 
some  of  them.  It  transpires,  therefore,  that  these  machine  made 
cans  are  not  as  perfect  as  the  old  steel  cans  which  were  made  by 

We  have  had  their  manager  over  to  the  place,  and  he 
says  that  he  will  immediately  begin  to  deliver  the  old  style 
hand  made  packages  and  continue  same  until  they  have  experimented 
further  with  their  new  machinery. 

X  suppose  we  will  have  to  allow  the  Heyden  Chemical 

Juno  7th.  1916. 

Door  :x.  howling: 

1  have  heon  trying  to  strike  up  come  trade  on  Sul¬ 
phite  of  Soda,  and  havo  got  two  inquiries  from  swodon.  Ehoy 
aro  from  tlio  following  parties; 

Porcy  Lundwall  &  company, 

Vaotra  Iiamng, 



Aktioholagct  Axel  Chrlstiernsson, 
post  Box  232, 

Stockholm,  Sverige, 


I  havo  written  to  thorn  stating  that  wo  wore  sonding 
to  them  samples  of  Sulphite  of  Soda,  Hydrous  and  Anhydrous,  by 
express  prepaid,  bill  you  ploaso  show  this  memorandum  to  Ur. 
Mason  and  as!:  him  to  provide  you  v.i  Ji  liberal  samplos  of  good 
material  in  each  caso,  and  then  havo  them  safely  packed  and 
shippod  by  express  prepaid  to  the  parties  above  named. 


\lljL£L  k  (<  &V~  c^Crf 


(-1^4.6-  'l/VC-c Vo  U  tc-ldr,t- <y'Cs..A: 

-&  tciu  •=+"'Cu.  |.«J 

O-uC-^  /(L-cuv  /U  '^r  /v-*--  i-  » 

T~i?  ^  ''‘  »  |  j  C  <r  t,irw^j 

. .  I . 

i)l  V  ff/r^-n 


OLC-.  ape 

,.ci  «'  c/-.  //< 


Cl  ft.S'm 

"  ;;--7 


a/  vfi? 

c'ctt/j..  - . 

"•■•■'■  '■■■;_ 

/  y  1  (CCcZ'C;  CtTcK-S  fi~  f 


frr/'.  /;f?  June  Vth  1916. 

■>Wm.  H.  Meadoworoft, 

Mr.  P.  A.  Edison,  Orange,  N.  J.  txJe if fp  'Ivtw.f 

Lqar  Mr.  Meadoworoft, 

with,  hosiery- 
olining  market’,  that  1b 

^V\6-  <oU.u  k«i  ' 

Your  favor  of  the  Sth^has  fe eita^ly  Mdn  a  / 

&UL  /(.via  l7)  <z{<u£* 

f to  me.  It  has  longHpgpn  a  neoeBdii 7  UC~~~ 

kHVVF  fuwj l'  f-tn  lr£ )  ’ 

ere  of  our  class  tlA  follow!**,  a  dfe- 

,  Oj^dc:  o-rTi/fe-w- 

market  hefe  declined  hy  the 


if  the 

time  of  delivery  we  rauBt  meet  this  lower)  price,  however,  if 
the  market  advances  we  then  must  delivery  at  the  price  at 
whioh  the \sal e  was  made.  How  we  the  class  of  goods  we  man¬ 
ufacture  varies  in  price  from  60^  to  about  75^  per  dozen 

aooording  to  the  price  of  raw  material  plue  the  demand.  Right 
now  the  market  is  76^  but  not  strong,  although  it  is  impossible 
to  figure  one  penny  of  profit  at  the  prje sent  market  price  of 
various  commodities,  While  Ifaere  are  nbt  more  than  fifteen 
mills  of  any  Bize  nakdng  this  class  of  cheap  merchandise, 
oompetetion  is  very  keen,  and  it  is  fearfully  hard  to  do 
better  than  make  a  fair  living.  How  several  of  our  most 
formidable  competitors  have  got  Oil  at\  prominent  umong 
whom  are  the  Parker  Hosiery  Mill  &  Dye  WorkB,  Portsmouth,  Va., 
Loudon  Hosiery  Mills,  Loudon,  Tenn.,  Delaware  Hosiery  Co,, 
Wilmington,  Del,,  and  many  others,  while  what  few  left  out 
of  the  fifteen  cent  oil,  are  all  taken  oare  of  at  40j^  exoept 

•  //Mw/  frr/,'-  7th  1916. 

Mr.  W.  H.  Meadoworoft,  #2. 

Runnymede  Mills  and  ourselves.  We  of  course  had  no  hope 
of  getting  in  with  the  fifteen  cent  olasB  hut  we  did  hope 
that  we  would  not  have  to  he  left  alone  paying  a  higher 
prioe  than  any  of  our  competitors.  Of  course  we  know  that 
there  is  not  as  much  profit  in  40 /  Oil  as  there  is  in  60/ 

Oil,  hut  we  did  feel  that  there  was  a  sufficient  profit 
to  Justify  Mr.  Edison  in  putting  us  on  the  sane  basis  that 
the  General  Chemical  Co.  have  done  their  customers.  If  it 
interfered  with  his  plans,  as  I  explained  to  you  when  there 
recently,  he  could  hill  the  Oil  at  60/,  and  at  intervals 
of  every  three  months  or  even  at  the  end  of  six  months 
he  oould  refuhd  twenty  cents,  and  if  he  wished  this  arrange¬ 
ment  kept  absolutely  inviolate,  we  would  guarantee, to  do  so 
under  a  forfeiture  of  jfche  r abate.  If  the  class  of  goods  we 
were  making  showed  any  profit  we  vould  not  pursue  the  Buhjeot 
any  further,  hut  it  iB: going  to  he  a  desperate  matter  to  break 
even  under  present  conditions,  and  if  you  oan  help  us_it  will 
certainly  he  greatly  appreciated. 

Awaiting  the  pleasure  of  your  reply,  I  am. 

Your b  very  truly, 

Ere  si  dent . 

Juno  8th.  1910 . 

Mr.  C.  ...  Markus ,  Purchasing  Agont, 

..GEtman  Kodak  Co:.. pony, 

Uoehostor,  il.  ,Y. 

Boar  Mr.  Markus: 

1  suppose  you  liavo  been  expecting  to  hoar  further 
from  us  in  regard  to  the  matter  of  Para  Amido  Phenol,  -he  only 
reason  for  tho  dolay  has  boon  that  lir.  Edison  has  boon  oxcood- 
ingly  busy  on  very  important  rn&ttors,  and  has  boon  unublo  to 
give  his  ■'orsonul  attention  to  tho  case.  Iio  has  nov;  gone  into 
the  matter  with  our  Chemists,  and  has  finally  dooided  to  go  _ 
into  the  manufacture  of  para  Amido  Phenol,  -ho  details  of  tho 
nlant  are  being  laid  out,  and  some  of  the  .  .atorial  is  already 
on  tho  ground*  -ho  making  of  the  apparatus  will  bo  put  in  hand 
at  once,  and  I  think  chat  within  the  noxt  five  or  six  wooks 
we  shall  bo  turning  out  a  regular  supply. 

In  tho  meantime.  Hr.  Edison  wants  to  mako  sure  of  mak¬ 
ing  a  duality  that  will  bo  acceptable  for  photographic  purposos, 
and.  ho "has  asked  me  to  write  to  you  and  ask  if  you  will  send  mo 
a  sample  of  one  or  two  ounces.  Ho  would  rather  got  it  from  you, 
as  ho  considers  that  you  aro  headquarters  and  that  you  would  be 
able  to  let  him  have  the  right  kind  of  material. 

Awaiting  tho  favor  of  you r  reply,  I  remain, 
lours  very  truly. 

issistant  to  hr.  Edison. 

Juno  Oth.  1910 < 

i.!r.  Dowling; 

Horowith  you  dll  plouoo  find  original  lottor  I  have 
writton  to  iho  .  itucburgh  cruehod  ;)tool  company,  .  ill  you  f  loaoo 
issue  a  roouioition  to  the  i-urchueiiift  Dopartmont  to  confirm  t  .  is 
lottor  by  a  regular  purohnoing  orfior. 

i>loar.o  forward  your  requisition  to  tho  lurchaaing  De¬ 
partment,  attaching  thoroto  my  original  lottor,  which  will  bo 
iorv.araoc'  by  tho  urohaGinn  Dopartmont  to  tho  Pittsburgh  Crushod 
tool  company  with  Iholr  purchasing  order. 

'..hie  lottor  ic  written  in  aecordunuo  with  Kdicon'e 
inEtructionn,  and  wo  aro  going  to  try  tho  pulvorisoil  iron  ao  an 
oxj  crimont.  l,\r.  iidicon  hue  clroady  explained  it  to  tir.  Chrioton- 

jfor  convenionco  and  to  muko  our  files  eolf-oxplanatory, 
X  oneloeo  horowith  carbon  copy  of  this  memorandum,  v.hiihyou  can 
aleo  attach  to  my  lottor,  togothor  with  your  roquiflltion.  tliie 
will  explain  mattore  to  tlio  i?ur  chasing  Department. 

.  .  :i.  Mil  lDO CEOF  S  • 


Subject;  P._  PHENOL  FCR  THE  U..  S._.lWIX/._ 

I  am  aorry  that  two  batches  intended  for  the  Navy  were  re¬ 
jected  by  Lieut.  Comdr.  Kimberly,  owing/to  a  solidifying  point  lower  than 
3Q°  C.  According  to  your  instructions^  I  have  been  in  communication  over 
the  'phone  with  Ur.  Kimberly,  and  am  n6w  preparing  two  other  batches  to  be 
submitted  to  his  repeated  test.  / 

It  unfortunately  so  happened  for  the  first  time, that  Mr. 
Kimberly  was  testing  the  Phenol  on  an  exceedingly  wet  and  humid  day;  in 
fact,  I  believe  the  humidity  was  almost  as  high  as  it  possibly  can  be. 

Under  such  circumstances  the  time  which  it  takes  to  drill  a  sample  out  of 
the  hard  crystallized  Phenol  is  fully  onough  for  the  Phenol  to  draw  suffic¬ 
ient  humidity  out  of  the  air  to  lower  the  solidifying  point  more  or  less. 
Mr.  Kimberly,  when  conducting  the  last  test,  showed  to  me  how,  in  about 
one-half  minute's  time,  small  crystals  of  Phenol  of  about  one-eigith  inch 
diameter. placed  upon  a  lmife/could  be  seen  partly  to  dissolve  in  the  open 
air.  Now  it  is  further  to  be  taken  into  consideration  that  Ur.  Kimberly, 
instead  of  testing  the  solidifying  point,  as  is  usually  done^on  a  quantity, 
enou^i  to  fill  one  of  our  normal  sample  bottles,  is  testing  one  small  cry- 

The  new  batches  for  the  Navy  will  be  ready  some  time  to-mor 
(Friday,  the  9th),  and  as  soon  as  our  own  teBt  has  been  made  I  will  send  a 
letter  by  messenger  to  Mr.  Kimberly  informing  him  that  the  Phenol  is  ready 
for  his  inspection. 



Silver  Lake,  H.  J.,  ^  tl 

June  9th,  1916 „ 

llr.  W.  H.  lleadowcroft; 

Subjects  PHENOL  FOR  THE  U.  S.  NAVY 

The  temporary  interruption  of  our  distilling  plant  un¬ 
fortunately  prevents  me  from  getting  the  full  shipment  for  the  U.  S. 
Navy  ready  to-doy,  the  last  batch  intended  for  the  Navy  just  being 
in  course  of  completion  when  the  fire,  which  I  report  separately, 
broke  out. 

I  do  not  think  that  the  interruption  of  our  distilling 
department  will  last  more  than  a  couple  of  days;  in  fact,  I  hope  to 
start  up  again  Monday,  or  at  the  latest,  Tuesday, 

I  would  ask  you  to  kindly  let  me  know  if  such  an  accident, 
being  a  clear  case  of  force  majeur  ,  does  not  stop  for  the  time  that 
we  are  hindered  to  manufacture,  the  penalty  to  be  paid  the  U.  S.  Navy 
for  the  delay. 

Please  let  me  know  also  if  I  had  not  better  at  any  rate 
send  Lieut.  Comar.  Kimberly  a  letter  informing  him  of  the  situation. 

Juno  9th.  1916. 

Ur.  Louis  lasard, 

92  V.illiom  Street, 

Hew  York  City. 

Uy  dear  Ur.  Lasard: 

I  received  your  favor  of  tho  sixth  instant  in  re¬ 
gard  to  tho  importation  of  chemicals  from  abroad.  I  showed 
it  to  ur.  Edison.  Ho  is  vei'y  busy  just  now  and  scarcely  has 
time  to  make  up  any  list,  but  ho  wishes  mo  to  toll  you  that 
Sodium  nitrite  will  soon  be  wanted  by  us.  It  is  now  imported 
by  Tenant  &  Company,  and  they  charge  12^  per  pound. 

I  shall  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  in  due  time  as 
to  whothor  you  can  do  anything  on  this  line. 

.yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison. 


J  (n^GV 


Mr.  ffm.  H.  Meadowcroft, 

Assiatant  to  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft: 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  June  5,  1916: 

The  desired  value  at  the  works,  of  the  benzol  or  other  light  oils 
obtained  from  the  Edison  plants,  is  the  selling  value,  or,  if  the  products 
were  not  actually  sold,  the  closest  approximation  of  such  value  had  those 
products  beon  marketed.  This  would  include  the  cost  of  production,  including 
overhead  expenses  and  royalties,  and  such  profit  as  might  have  been  derived 
from  the  sale  of  the  products  in  open  market.  It  is  realized,  of  course,  that 
if  they  wore  not  sold,  the  value  thus  derived  would  be  largely  a  matter  of  ob- 

It  will  be  appreciated  if  you  will  furnish  also  similar  figures  in 
connection  with  the  Edison  benzol  plant  at  the  works  of  the  Woodward  Iron  Com¬ 
pany,  at  Woodward,  Ala.,  duplicate  blanks  for  which  are  sent  herewith,  togeth¬ 
er  with  an  envelope  for  the  return  of  the  information.  The  report  in  which 
these  figures  will  bo  incorporated  is  now  in  course  of  preparation. 




June  9,19  I  6. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft : 

It  affords  us  much  pleasure  to  have  the 
opportunity  of  sending  you  today  a  tv/o  ounce  sample  of 
Paramidophenol  which  represents  what  we  consider  a  standard 
quality  of  this  chemical. 

Y/e  are  very  glad  to  know  what  your  plans 
are  so  far  as  the  production  of  this  article  is  concerned  and 
we  hope  that  we  will  hear  from  you  again  when  you  are  ready 
to  rerort  further  progrest 

Yours  tru: 

Mr.  T/.H.Meadow croft, 
Laboratory  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  H.J. 



o^.  jt**r  'jfgrfcu, 


June  12,  1916 

,  C.  I^aory, 

Purohooinc  Agt., 
0 range  M. 

X  noticed  ootaing  through  tho  noil  tho  other  day  a  letter  iron 
Buttorworth-Judaon  Co.  notifying  ue,  in  roply  to  a  latter  wri  tten  them 
hy  aowe  ono,  of  tho  diooontinuunea  of  furthor  old,  non  to  of  Mixed  Acid,, 
until  furthor  notice. 

you  aro  probably  not  awaro  that  Butte rworth-Budson  Co.  purchase 
from  uo  tho  rooovorod  Sulphurio  Add,  of  tor  our  operation  of  nitrating 
Bomol  hoe  boon  porfonood.  In  doing  thin  thoy  have  providod  uo  with  special 
oars  in  which  this  rooovorod  C-uiphurio  Aoid  ic  roturjiod  to  thota.  I  was  only 
able  quite  roctatly,  after  nuoh  poruuaeion,  to  huvo  tliiu  concom  forward  thooo 
opooiol  oaro,  und  now  if  thoir  future  ahipmonto  aro  to  bo  stopped,  and  tho 
recovered  Acid  permitted  to  run  through  tho  oewar,  a  loaa  will  bo  incurred  by 
this  Division. 

The  earn  in  question  oro  D.J.X.  237,  233  and  G.A.T.X.  3043.  I 
tiiinl:  a  hotter  way  would  liavo  boon  to  uok  tho  Ciofaoral  Chemical  CO.  to  loouon 
their  ehipaonte  and  divido  our  monthly  roquiroaonto  betwoon  thorn.  In  any 
event  I  loavo  tho  mattor  in  your  hando  for  adjuotnont. 

youre  very  truly. 

Copy  to  Hr.  Kollow  andJJr.,Woadqworqft» 

jjr.  a.  ilcDowell,  Prosident, 

Scotland  bock  Cotton  i.lills , 
Scotland  ilock,  H .  C. 

Pear  :ir.  ilcDowell; 

I  roeeivod  your  i'avor  of  the  7th  instant,  which  I 
shood  to  iir.  Edison,  and  we  discussed  tho  matter  very  fully. 

By  way  of  explanation  let  me  say  that  a  year  ago 
one  of  tho  hig  producing  companies  started  in  to  some 
contracts  under  which  the  customor  got  tho  oil  at  1  b<f  t..e 
second  year.  Soon  after  their  traveling  representative  went 
out  with  those  contracts  tho  pricos  of  raw  materials  began 
■  to  soar  and  they  withdrew  their  representatives  from  the  field 
temporarily  until  they  could  roviso  their  prices.  In  tne  mean¬ 
time,  those  reoresentatives  had  ado  a  few  contract,  and  un- 
fortunately  for  you,  some  of  your  competitors  were  in  good  luck 
and  had  signed,  up  on  the  throo  year  contract  which  gave  them 
tho  oil  at  lbcf  for  the  second  year.  >.o  cio  not  think  they  will 
ret  a  similar  opportunity  for  a  very  long  time  to  eomo,  if  evor. 
'i'ho  concern  I  refer  to  is  getting  .uch  higher  i>nces  for  oil 
now  and  evon  next  year. 

Under  tho  exceptional  circumstances  related  by  you, 
wo  aro  willing  to  help  you' out,  but  cannot  go  below  45 4.  Be¬ 
ginning  July  your  hills  will  he  at  tho  now  contract  prieo,  60?, 
and  tho  othor  wart  of  tho  arrangement  will  ho  carried  out  in  _ 
two  and  throo  month  ooriods,  as  cuggostod  hy  year  le  Uor.  -his 
arrangomont  must  he  kept  ahsolutoly  confidentially,  ana  we  _ 
shall  oxpoct  you  to  kindly  do  so  under  guarontoe  as  suggestod 
hy  your  letter. 

Yours  vary  truly. 

assistant  to  iir.  Edison. 


_  iC 




(\\jJA  See  jf  ^ 


c| ^JlsZ^A.- 





June  13th,  1916. 

Peoples  Bank, 

St. Paul,  Minn. 

Gentlemen:  -  r  I  I jfc <^V~'  \  * 

V/e  have  been  referred,  tb  you  hy  the  Uvh*-/ 

North  Star  Fur  Dressing  and  Dyeing  Works,  Messrs.  \ 

PodlaBky  Bros.  Proprietors,  St'.  Paul,  Minn. 

Any  information 'you  may  be  able  / 

give  us  regarding  this  concerns  finanoial  responsibility 
general  reputation,  how  long  they  have  beendn  business,  —J 
and  how  long  they  are  dealing  with  you  as  well  s  ny  / 

other  details  which  would  be  of  servioe  to  ua  in  / 

determining  on  a  line  of  oredit  to  be  granted  them  ( 

will  be  greatly  appreciated  held  strictly  confidential  X 

and  without  responsibility  to  yourselves. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  and  assuring  you 
of  our  willingness  to  co-operate  at  any  time,  we  remain, 

w  icbAZ> 


St.  Paul,  Minn.,  June  16th.,'-' 19 lb. 

'■  KVv;- 

Thomas  A.'-tdiso'n,  Incorporated, 

J . 

'  1 V  BA** iemeSi &'  ’  '  T 

•  "  ■  rne  parties  referred  to  onv  the ^bpcro- r, 

‘  i;'site‘--eide  'of  this  sheet  are  valueuWetbrn-,^^ 
ere  of  this  Bank.  We  have  and  are 
them  accommodations.  Their  business  wlth,^u^\'^ 
is  satisfactory  ana  we  do  not  doubt  but  - 

they  will  take  oare  of  any  obligations  they\  \" 
might  have. 

Velfy.  truly  yours, 


JUN  19  1516 


l  X 

H  E.  f£  PHILIPS  \ 



NEW  YORK  /")  _ 


<r  ^  y  y  //  ,y^ 

-Z.  ..?^fcwWL-  CBL*^  ia~r* 

^  <  -  ./  y 

%y><,  ^ yy^pi  4*jy/'~  y^~ 

ta^^y  2/ yys 

Mj£  K 

Juno  14,  1916. 

Kr  .William  K.lieadowcroft , 

Assistant  to 
Thomas  A. Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

liy  dear  Kr .Keadowcroft, 

Owing  to  the  long  delay  in  receiving 
your  two  last  shipments  of  Phenol  caused  hy  the  traffic  con¬ 
gestion  and  the  decline  of  the  market  price  of  Phenol,  has 
placed  us  in  a  wrong  position  . 

You  , have  charged  us  77&  £  per  lh. 
and  our  present  stock  is  12000  lb si  The  market  price  is  65  jf. 
Under  all  these  circumstances  I  would  ask  you  to  please  have 
KT .Edison  inform  us,  what  price  he  will  make  us  on  the  stock, 
now  in  our  hunds^  and  how  he  will  place  us,  so  a3  to  enable  us 
to  market  your  product  with  a  reasonable  profit.— 

We  are  anxious  to  build  up  this  business 
for  you,  but  we  must,  of  course,  have  your  cooperation,  and 
placing  the  situation  thus  frankly  before  you,  we  arc  confident 
that  ITr .Edison  will  meet  us  in  a  manner  that  will  be  satisfactory 
to  both  sides. 

Hoping  to  hear  from  you  by  an  early  mail, 

Mr .William  H.Meadoworoft, 

F.s.  Fifteen  drums  of  the  Phenol  juBt  received  after  such 
long  delay,  have  been  found  by  our  laboratories  to  contain  red 
acid.  Please  let  us  know  whether  you  wish  us  to  return  it  to  you 
or  what  disposition  we  shall  make  of  it.  _  x 

Juno  15th.  1916. 

Mr.  H.  liason,  Engineer,  or, 
lir.  v/.  S.  Dowling,  ilanagor. 

Aniline  Division, 

Silver  LeJce,  il.  J  • 

Dear  Sir: 

,:x.  il.  icon's  ozrprees  roquost  I  write 
this  letter  authorising  you  to  allow  Col.  Bryant, 
Lir.  loach  and  Dr.  Szamatolcki  to  go  •through  the 
nniline  and  -henol  Slants.  Col.  Bryant  is  tiio  com¬ 
missioner  of  labor  of  the  State  of  Bow  <1  orsey , 
and  the  other  gentleman  are  also  connected  with 
that  Bureau. 

Yours  very  truly. 

assistant  10  lir.  liaison. 

Very  truly  yours, 

fWj  I 

2iurich,  Juno  I5th,  1916.“' 

Thomas  A..  Edison,  I5sq., 
0  r  a  n  «  « 

Dear  Bir:- 

X  duly  received  your  favor  of  Iiay  23rd  and  in  compliance 
with  your  request  I  have  delivered  to  the  American  uon.-ml  tioneral 
in  this  city  the  process  of  pnraphenylenediamino  which  io  onolosed 
in  this  envelope  requesting  him  to  have  it  forwarded  to  yon. 

Duplicate  will  follow  hy  next  mail. 

I  bog  to  remain,  dear  uir. 

Yours  truly, 

^  '  rW . 
CJX .  c 


?AB~IGATIOH  PB  LA  P  AR  A.P1II--H  Y  LRIi  F.D  I  At?  I II R . 

La  pur aphenyleno d i amino  prana  naisaanco  par  reduction  do 
l'amidoazobonzol  an  moyen  ao  la  poussidre  do  zinc  on  bain  nquoux. 


A,  Chandron  on  fonto  omalllde-  d it  apparoil  A  sulfone  - 
capacitd  250  litres  environ;  agitatnnr  mdcnninue. 

II  oat  ass  is  amis  one  onvo  on  bois  pitohopine 
formant  bain-mario  et  assez  spacioux  pour  pormottra 
ae  refroidir  A  la  glace  i  morooeux  ).  Yuyautorie 
ndcon3Hiro  pour  l'eau  et  la  vapour  pour  lo  cbauffago 
au  bain-marie. 

3.  Thcrmomc'tre  onfermA  anna  un  tuyau  ae  cuivre,  forma 
a'un  cotd, 

C.  Vase  on  grSs  ae  100  litres  environ  ou  ii  drffaut  nno 
petite  cuve  en  bois  avcc  robinet  on  bas;  sort  pour 
emmngasiner  la  solution  au  nitrite  do  soude ;  il 
est  placd  mi-aos-us  au  chaudron, 

I).  Deux  A  troi3  marmites  dmailldes  do  300  3.  500  litres. 



E.  Appareil  ddstillateur  de  300-400  litres  aveo  acoessol- 
res  ndoossaires  pour  oondonsation  et  rdfrigdration. 

P.  Edservoir  en  tSle,  forme  cilindriqtie,  do  400-500  litros 
servant  do  ddcanteur  pour  l'anilinn  oonflonsde  aveo 
vapeurs  d'eau. 

G.  Kdservoir  en  tole,  forme  reotnnpulaire, 1,20  m  x  1  m 
x  0,80  m  servant  >1  lever  1' amidoazobonzol  brute. 

H.  Sdchoir;  double  fond,  plom&  en  fonts,  de  fojfae  sphdriquo 
avoc  rebord.  Diamdtre  1,20  m;  profondour  aveo  robord 
350  m/m;  profondeur  sans  rebord  150  m/m. 

I.  Moulin. 

K.  Doublofond  fonte;  400  litres  environ,  Couvercle  formant 
bermdtiquement  en  fonte,  aveo  agitateur^muni  d'un  rdfri- 
gdrant  &  flux  et  A  reflux;  doit  se  combiner,  s’il  y  a 
lieu,  aveo  appareil  rdfrigdrant  pour  condnnsation/al- 
oool  etJ'altij&tid. 

1.  Doublefond  A  dvaporer  afin  de  oonoentrer  les  enux 
chargdes  de  par aphenylenedi amine. 

M.  Vases  en  grSs  ou  marmites  dmailldes  &  oristallise^ de 
50  &  60  litres. 


II.  Frdparation  do  1* Amidoazobensol. 

Pans  lo  chaudron  -A-  on  ports: 

Xos.60.-  Aniline  pure,  qu'on  m\'mo  A  la  temperature  de 
5-10“  Cels,  moyennnnt  de  la  place  on  de  I'eau 
glacdeedans  lo  bain-marie;  puis  on  met  l'agi- 
tatour  on  maroho  ot  on  fait  cooler  dans  1' ani¬ 
line  lentomont  en  ayant  soin  qu'il  n'y  ait 
guftre  d' elevation  do  temperature 

Kos.25.-  d'acido  chlorhydrique  21°B(5  (  p.spec.  1,1)  ). 

Aprfts  1' introduction  de  I'acifle  ohlorhydriquo^, 
on  fait  tourncr  encore  pendant  deux  hour os. 

"nsuito  on  ohauffe  ft  SS^Cels.  ot  on  fait 
cooler  lontomont  dans  l'eopaoo  ae  dflux  houros  de  tempo  environ, une 
solution  do 

K03.50.-  Hitrito  do  sonde  20;’  ;  p. spec. 1,14  )  on 

pronant  no  in  quo  la  temperature  no  d  (;paaao 
pas  la  limito  indiqndo. 

Lo  nitrite  oould,  on  laisse  tournor  lo  diazo- 
cncoro  pondant  deux  heures  et  on  nrre'te  onsuite,  pour  lainsor  reposor 
lo  melange  ft  tompdrature  ordinaire  pondant  24  houros,  temps  niioessairo, 
poor  la  transformation  on  amidoazohonotll. 

.  «  Yk  •  ••  -  } 



On  transvnse  Sans  une  marmite  dmnillde-  400  litres- 
et  on  y  ajoute  pen  A  peu  en  bra3snnt  bien 

environ  Koe.12.-  de  30ude  oaustique  40‘,Bo  ou  la  quantity 
ndoossaire  pour  rendre  franoheraont  alcalin,  oe  dont  on  so  rondra  compte 
par  une  dpreuve.  Le  mdlange  alcalinisd  d’amidoazobenzol  et  d'aniline 
eat  portd  ensuite  dans  un  appareil  double-fond-ditstillatour-E-  en 
fonts  ou  en  cuivre^dans  lequel  on  n  mis  d'avanoe  ISO  litres  d'eau. 

].' aniline  ost  chnssde  par  un  courant  dc  vapeur  direct,  recneillie 
par  le  rdfrigdrant  et  ddoantdo/ pour  rentrer  A  nouveau  dans  le  courant 
de  la  fabrication, 

be  rdsidu  dans  le  distillateur ,  ddlibdrd  de  1' ani¬ 
line  est,  aprAs  refroidissnment  vers  60° Cels,  tmnsvasd  dans  un  rdser- 
voir  en  tole  1,20  m  x  1  m  x0,80  m  pour  y  etre  lavd  A  pins lours  repri¬ 
ses  A  grande  eau/jusqu’A  rdaotion  neutre.  On  jotto  ensuite  sur  des 
f litres  et  on  laisse  dgoutter  A  fond,  Ensuite  on  le  porto  dans  une 
marmite  dmaillde,  tarde. afin  de  connfiitre  son  poids;  on  brasse  et 
remue  intimdment  pour  en  faire  une  bonne  moyenne  et  on  fait  par 
dpreuve  une  ddtermination  de  la  maiifire  sScho.  Basd  sur  oetto  analyse, 
on  oaleule  la  quantitd  ndoessaire  d'aoide  ohlorhydrique  pour  la 
transformation  en  ohlorhyflrato  d' amidoazobenzol  qu'on  verso,  peu  A 
peu  dans  la  marmite  en  bras3ant  bien, 

Finalement  on  ports  3ur  un  sdohoir  double-fond 
plombd,  chauffd  A  la  vapeur  A  dekappement  libre.  La  masse,  bien 
remude,  fond  en  bouillie  homogAne ;  on  y  verse  ennore  environ 
de  la  quantitd  calould  et  ddjA  employd  d’aoide  ohlorhydrique  et  en 
brassant  de  temps  on  temps^ on  dvapore  A  siocitd  complAte.  Bans 
un  monlin  en  fonto  on  ramAne  en  poudre  fine. 


III.  KOduotion  de  l'rimldoftsobnngol. 

bans  un  double-fond-  il-  nmdnngd  A  chauffer 
et  A.  reftfoidir,  aveo.  agltntonr  ot  cohobatonr  (  rdfrigdrant  <)  reflux  ) 
on  porte: 

20  litres  d'alcool  8.r^i  ot 

40  Kos.  chlorhydruto  d'amidoasoborizol  pulvdrlsd. 

Apr As  avoir  fait  tournor  qnelquo  temps,, 
pour  bien  humectr-r  la  masse,,  on  y  vorso 

120  litres  d’enu  at  on  ehnuffc  lontomont  vers  6f)°Cols. 

Un  comnonce  nlors  A  ajoutor,  par  potitos 

portions,  pou  A  peu 

l'.os.Su,-  do  poussiSro  de  Kino  do  bonne  qualitd.  on 
dvitant . quo  la  tompdraturo  monte  au-delA  do  75*  Cols. 

.Apr  A  3  quolquoo  houros-  4  hour  on  on  moyen- 
ne-  lorsquo  l’addition  de  la  pov.ssiSre  de  Kino  ost  terminoe,  on 
chnuffe  .‘jusqu'A  85-90*0015.;  on  maintiont  cotte  tempdraturo  pendant 
unc  honre  an  mo ins. 

on  arroto  aloro  lo  ohauffago  pendant  un 
instant  ot  dfts  quo  l'dhullition  do  l'aloool  s'est  apaisdo  on  ajoute, 

kos. 18.-  do  carbonate  de  sonde  on  poudro  (  Soudo 

Solway  ) 

pour  rondro  alcalin.  Si  une  dpreuve  a  montr <5  une  franche  ulcnllnitd, 
on  transforme  le  cohobatour  on  frdfrigdrant  descendant  ot  on  rooommonoo 
do  nouveau  A  chauffer  pour  chassor  d'abord  l'ulcool^qu’on  reoouille,, 
ot  qu’on  fait  passor  onsnito  A  la  colonno.  l'aloool  onlov^on  injooto 
de  la  vapour  d'ean  pour  fairo  passer  1* aniline  formdee  par  la  rdduotion 


at  qui  pent  rentrer  de  nouveau  dans  la  fabrication. 

La  quantity  est  de  10-12  log.  environ. 

\prda  otro  ddbarnsad  ae  I’alcool  ot  do 
1’ aniline  le  oontonu  chaud  do  l'appnreil  passe  par  un  filbro. 

La  solution  flltrde  r informant  la  parapheny- 

!*„.«!»*»  M  VoMo  M.  .  •«**•*»•  *—  "*"*• 

i,a  rdsiflu  du  filtrc^lavd  avec  un  peu  d'eau 

-17  nnn-r*  v  subir  un  second  bouillon  avoc 

chaude  est  remis  dans  1* urparexl  pom  » 

60  li'  res  d’eau  environ  pennant  v-1  heure,  r.ixn  de  bicn  9ih.rtl.iic  lo 

reste  de  la  paraphenylexftiaminci  or,  f  litre  onsuitc  4  neuveau.on  lave 

A  1* eau  olmude  ot  laisse  bien  gutter.  -Unsi  lave^lo  rdsidu  est 

remind,  s’il  y  a  lieu  do  fa  ire  encore  un  autre  bouillon;  autrernen. 

on  lo  junto  do  cotd.  routes  los  solutions  filtrdos  sent  reunion  avee 

la  promidre  solution  et  eont  evapordos  et  concentres  4  un  volume 

.  .  .»-r„  aur  un  petit  dchantillon  prdlovd 

do  50  ft  60  litres  environ,  on  fera  cur  un 

VMOTrtM.  «.  »  .rt.hUU.tM  =•«•«•  *•  •*  concontr.«o». 

„  !.  p„t0  «»»  »•  ».-"»«  •»  ”lr”Wlr 
ot  cristnlliser  pendant  deux  jours. 

riltrft  par  la  suite, il  rosto  our  iiltro  do 

.,  a  20.-  do  paruphenylerAianiinr  on  crintuux. 

tjnnnt  aux-mfires,  on  rdunit  gdnftralomont 

plnrioars  op*«»  Mth.  »wta  1~  ~  1 

aa  .  f*.  ao„  o.  I«r  r.troiaip.-ont  o» 

tont  lo  ..  1.  porapwiawai-ino  pops  f»  »  «  «““***»<»- 

dtant  insoluble  dans  l’ncide  chlorhydrique . 


jioa.60.-  Aniline  pure 
•<  12.-  nitrite  do  soude 

"  12.-  Soude  caustinue  40  Bd 

’’  100.-  Aeide  chlorhydrique 
"  2u.-  j'-loool  85/i> 

"  30.-  PoussiSre  dezino 

"  20.-  Soude  solwny 








K.os.12.-  Aniline  do  ret 
&  Fra. 1.20 

Xus. 18.-  Faruphenylendiamine 

1  X.  =  Krs.8.50 


Un.  UyUi  £cnt-  &  sU**-/*- 
p.u,.i„  ijA~‘XC~ -tptA  uuuLi  1'm4uU<~U 
■j\  riw^  "tb  /^LC  StUyC-t^u^m,  AA'UQ-'d  Jf  tT~~ 

y(/^Volui/3  i«v\  ^  P-1^  ^,l"^  /' 


L^L  *4uts  L  ‘Um 

<n  iyMt«A  u*J&?  i ^  Wr1 
/  Aj-  Fi  l-fc.  WUu,  ip  ff 


?f  up.  luv  Puc/<  IK^f"  Au  &■«-<*, 

ua-w;  ^ ».  I* 

t  <-uL  UTl  SH°  + 

CLu*_><>  u^k' 

^Sfllrt  Uttnnu^’^ 



(B  e  rt  t.-  single  copy. ) 
American  Consulate-General 


June  16th,  1916. 

I’r.  Slioraas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  I7ov/- Jersey. 


I  have  to  acknowledge  the  roooipt  of  your  letter 
of  ray  23d,  enclosing  a  cliook  for  Istn.  41.15.0,  drawn 
in  favor  of  Br.  %.  hneeht,  •./hone  address  in  47,  Hue  da 
Eight f  Surich,  v.hioh  you  request  this'  office  to  hard  to 
to  hr.  moclit  in  exchange  for  a  certain  chemical  process, 
providin'/  wo  arc  satisfied  that  hr .  ICneoht's  ropresenta- 
tions  are  corroct,-  to  the  effect  that  lie  in  a  chemical 
engineer  of  the  Federal  Xolyteohnic&l  School  at  Zurich 
and  holder  of  the  Eootor  of  Philosophy  Becree  of  the 
Ihiivors  ity  in  Surioh,  and  has  also  he  an  in  the  employ 
of  the  French  Forks  of  the  Badischo  Anilin  ar.d  Soda 
Fahrik  as  well  as  of  the  Vsinos  du  Phone  at  Zc.  Plains , 
near  Geneva. - 

Xn  reply  X  have  to  state  that  X;r.  Fneoht  has  called 
at  this  Consulate-General  today  ar.d  erhihited  various  do¬ 
cuments,  contracts,  etc.,  indicating  that  his  representa¬ 
tions  to  you  are  true.  X  have  therefore,-  in  view  of  your 
special  request,-  to  transmit  herewith  a  letter  addressed 
to  you  from  Ir.  haocht,  enclosing  what  purports  to  ho  the 



dosoription  and  formlao  for  -the  Manufacture  of  parapfceny- 
l&nodiauino . - 

»t  is  understood  that  a  duplicate  of  liis  description 
‘■'■'it'1-  formulae  vvill  1)0  forwarded  in  a  subsequent  uail.- 
I  an,  Sir, 

Very  respectfully  yours 

?ranclE  V,  Veene 

*_  or io.  ■  Consul-Senc-ral . 

Undo  euro  as  stated, 


Juno  19th.  1916. 

Doar •  howling: 

I  hand  you  herewith  a  littlo  correspondence  wo  have  had 
with  tho  Scotland  Hook  Cotton  Hills  in  rogard-  '.o  thoir  Aniline  Oil. 
Ur.  iichowoll  was  up  horo  a  wook  or  two  ago  and  raado  an  explanation 
of  tho  poculiar  position  in  which  ho  is  plaood,  and  askod  if  wo 
would  favor  him  .  ith  a  rohato  on  tho  now  contract,  Hr.  Edison  do- 
clinod  to  do  so  at  tho  time,  hut  in  viow  of  tho  roprosontationo  mado 
in  Ur.  Uchowoll’s  lottor  of  tho  7th  instant,  Hr.  Edison  agrood  to 
rohato  him  down  to  46$/  por  pound  on  tlio  now  contract. 

iou  will  see  from  this  eorrospondoneo  that  all  shipments 
on  now  contract  aro  to  bo  hilled  at  60$/,  and  at  intervals  wo  aro 
to  solid  him  a  rohato  hill  bringing  tho  prico  down  to  46$/.  1  think 
wo  hod  hotter  do  this  at  intorvalo  of  two  months. 

'iou  con  koop  thdiBO  copies  of  tho  eorrospondoneo  in  your 
files ,  together  .  ith  this  memorandum,  which  will  ho  your  authority 
for  making  the  rohato. 


Enclosures . 

WOODmRD  IROX  CoaiPAXY  ty. !>!'  x 

WOOIHC«a)1ALA.  Jure  19,  1916. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sirs-  • 

We  are  in  reooipt  of  yours  of  the  l6th. 

We  are  entirely  willing  to  pay  one-half  of  the  $516.10 
mentioned  in  your  letter,  being  the  compromise  covering  shiprant 
of  naphthalene  to  tha  Pacifio  Ooast. 

We  note  what  you  say  in  regard  to  all  of  us  being  new 
at  this  business.  So  far  as  we  are  concerned,  we  are  entirely 
satisfied  with  the  way  you  handled  this  flaked  naphthalene  busi¬ 
ness  and  appreciate  your  assistance  in  the  matter  very  muoh. 

Yours  truly. 

Dear  Sirs:- 

Your  favor  of  the  16th.  inst.  at  hand  and  also  your 
oontraot  form.  We  are  herewith  enclosing  the  contract  proper¬ 
ly  filled  out  and  hope  same  will  find  your  approval. 

As  we  are  in  a  had  need  of  dye  material  we  wish  you 
kindly  will  forward  the  fifty  poundB,  which  you  state  in  your 

letter  that  you  are  able  to  send  at  once. 


lir.  H.  Headoworoftj 

Subject  s  .  DISTILLIKG  OF  9.0$  BENZOL .. 

Referring  to  our  conversation  over  the  telophone  this 
afternoon,  I  beg  to  inform  you  as  follows?  Data  given  from  previous 
distillations  of  90$  Benzol  show  that  the  oost^  based,  on  1,000  gals, 
of  Benzol  going  into  the  still  are: 

.  For  Steam -  $4.25 

■'  water -  «50 

"  Electric  Light  -  .20 

"  Labor - - -  l7* 00 

lotal _  21.95 

In  case  we  would  add  to  this 

overhead  expenses,  wo  would  count  280$  , 

on  labor,  i’.e., -  - £7-60  ~ 

Grand  total,  including  depreciation  -  69.55.  '}{•.!  <;  •  '  / 

Che  figure  for  depreciation  --  280$  —  appears  to  bo 
rather  high,  but  this  is  in  line  with  instructions  we  reeoivod  lately, 
and  according  to  which  the  depreciation  has  to  amount  to  33-l/3$  of  tho 

total  investment  per  year. 

We  can  safely  figure  that  we  can  distill  every  24  hours 
(running  day  and  nigit)  800  gals,  of  90$  Benzol  going  into  tho  still. 

1  am  always  mentioning  the  material  going  into  the  still  only,  as  tho 
output  of  Benzol  Hoads,  P.  Benzol,  Tuluol  Heads,  P.  Tuluol  and  Solvent 
Naphtha  depends  entirely  on  the  quality  of  the  raw  material. 


“rssr*;  analytical  and  technical,  purposes.  . 

/  ,  }i*'\  ^ci'  y*  acY  it  ■  /  / 

'W'  1 ^  |^-w®Ty4US0.I®,..  June  20|h,  1915. 

^  ^  W  *K  /•  A*&s& 

r7r.  \ 

•j  T“  ••  ““••  14— 

0r"'‘'  !-J-  <m  .7T /> 

Will  you  please  quota  ua  your  lowest  price  1 
uo  what  quantities  you  are  able  to  supply.  If  you'r  c 
,-ji  would  ba  glad  to  consider  an  arrangement  for  taking  your  entire'  p^H*|tJfch^»r  ^ 

Will  you  please  also  advise  us  whether  you  ary^>*Wflyl^^^o 1\ 
^•onfu.S.P,  (Iron  by  Hydrogen)  and  if  so,  -what  <a/antitie^ou\^.j3jf^lyJP  a?>pW  W 
pVicje,  mailing  ue  also  a  sample  for  examinatioiy! 

Your  earlyreply  will  oblige, 

lM.UeE.v\  / 


K  V  p  W  /“  '  i  'At 

’■  j^rUe  XT  ,  /  S3LJ&JU***"*- 

OA+**r*+/*\  ’  ^  , 

X  have  thought  over,  how  to  arrange  filling  into  bottles  of  P. 
Phonol  to  be  delivered  by  Phenol  Plant  #2  to  this  plant,  the  scheme  which  you 
outlined  to  me  on  the  telephone  yesterday  afternoon,  as  I  meet  with  quite  some 
difficulties,  I  think  it  better  to  invito  your  attention  beforehand  to  the  sit- 

Y/e  would  to  most  pleas  od  to 
factory  and  lot  Dr.  Schaefer,  our  V/orl< 
unsuitability  of  tho  rejocted  dolivori 
present  shipments  and  those  sont  at  tho  beginning  of  th 
were  ontiroly  satisfactory. 

HE, 7  YOHK  ftUDilHS 



**?,y  sS\<  y 


j  —  6<(L 

Si)  t-0~r-  s'iXsy  .  ^'4.C_U-a_ttiO  •  /  ^  ^  '^'V 

s^fb^h  ^Usj-  -  -* — - 

Oi,cu^  jfJz'&j  tfZ-  J 

sSj^s-C —  ,-AS-y.  ^CLx.a  cj<Ul~<sj  <CLs-sJy>y)_  _  /  /XM^Oj_^= 

j-  ^)  £^a«_  /  ~^o— 6  /'^-'M}"^-  ^~<~'-AAA^g— gj(— 

j-o  C^_J) 


@-/^L/u  ■  t-1  i  0 


Zd  XUtsJJZ^ 

(^^{-caow  <X-<J  ^CO-aQ^MjvJ  y  /^ 

✓U-T^y  v 

■TXX  „. 

S^L-^'t’-\,‘—t:- —  ^ ^ ^  *■  b (f> ■  cL*iJ>—o  . — c, _ 

'PCj^yjs-  ^stsssf^s^  /^--/uM-t__  ^ 

/£>  ‘s^s^cJ~f  t~ _  "  ^tyb~  AAcA—  *st*^fb 

Z-'  -^o^b  -TL'lo-r 

~Ae>—cA  c«_  /SStSc-c^Y  <2ctc,v_< eZF^J 

.  _,  -vP  / 

r^y^-o— - 



Xl—y  A. 



A-oS^'b  <u^- 

4»  - 


C>~  CUt^<L  — •  ^  UL'-' — ' 

AsH  sLUrV  V'lA'Y-,  UUa  citrus- J/(<^J- 

7^_  7^  j^li. 

^-^-LoL-a_  -f-  ^is-x^j)— 

^g-r  f._<j  ■  'tU-^-x^ _  (Xxs  *<—  rUsQ ^-ZOZy, 

yCt^i^  sUsjxuy  - -  J  ■  '^L  <J . 

^ )  — /,  ~  ^ ^  r'-f  (fsK,  \ylus-o^r  Irttr** 

r~fi..  ,  /CJ-x^Jc  .-^-w_X_  'VS-O-O  tfv^otuA^lj'  1 

‘>6L~xj  cfl  ;  ru^iXu,  r£r 

jzu^-X j^_  ,  /£* 

dX - 



:  jioj-Q  CLo~xx 

^  sus-^-Cls-/-  &usJ 

Jo  0-xJ\-  -  CU-*-xs 

_4/_  4 

- »  '^O-O'.-^S V-  ■  5  — 

‘  ~Ptn 

Mr~C Ttf*-  /Ci^Jr—.  Auvoy  — _  v/^  '£-t-ArH— 

^..rrc^  r^r  <fb—  ^0—h  *^^1-  jy^b- 

^0  C2^5TAJ_^f  — 

-c~_>  ✓j£< — y  •  £LLc~^~y 
^JsJXk  stu^.  '//LJ-'-^d  v- 

^4-  /UsJzL~y  y£*~  “^fOsh - 

luvuv  nan  t  c  ruolie  old  f-ivioion. 
.  liver 

liver  ' 

;:t  tali  th-T  ■ 
<£  atoo’C  ,.t  the  U: 

wo  ••“‘Vised,  ’.nil  I  infanne.;  iii.i  tint  I  had  not.  ;<o 
euir,;octod  that  i.  i~ot  in  bomnunl option  arltli  ..r,  . 
i  iuesorhoff,  wliich  I  di«.  During  my  telephone  oonvo.  t 
with  ;  :;i iorhoff  x  found  oat  the  -following  ftclu:- 

v  land 

Ch..t  ho  h.'-U  stool:  of  finished 
‘■'-t  •a'iTosii.s.toly  -.76,000  'net  .  ttcek  of 
«t  'iprroxlw  toly  .'«6,ot<o. 

r.-w  n  tori'.-.l 

1'iist  hi;:.'  lnvaoteonl  lo-«or  shotted  !:Ie 
o<’Ulp;.;ent  to  bo  worth  appro  si;--',  toly  .  Ji3c,  i.r, 

“  l*i,®rho£;e  vt--lod  th ho  wuj  going  ovorlitfl  entire 
:iBT.toi*  oo  C3r  us  the  o^uipnont  w.i.  concerned  <■  svl  ho 
or  al:-  not  glvo  mo  any  definite  fi.vurcu  at  the  proaett 
time,  nut  in  his  opinion  thin  valuation  of  '.Mib.ct'.- 
entirely  too  high. 


of  .-.bout 

Clxgorou  on  the  orui 
they  will  continue 
it  nrtvl  a-ihlo  to  i'uc 
At  the  prooont  tlr.-o 
tliio  mount  an  i.aoro 

ehoYAS  o  total  .  pprosii.;.--.t',‘  v.  Us -.tier. 

In..:riueh  u  1  could  not  .-at  definite 
pmont,  mtu  furtbor  aa  it  in  o-rpootod 
to  atoro  tho  f ini  abort  prodnot  £  thought 
fe.iite  our  Insurance  to  .;SCe,-..«  t  . 
wo  are  carrying  ,U2<  ,060,  therefore. 

-.QO  of 

I.  tolophonod  .  ooi.-rn.  cv/ons  1  • '.  hill  J  r-o 
yesterday  iftornoon  ;-nci  rc<  uo:,to.,  thorn  to  olnco  this} on  .1  amount. 

Jtor  your  InfoiTnition,  I  mlnht  £■■ 
the  prooont  tine  owing  to  tho  number  of  firoc  ts 
had  at  our  different  pUuita  this-  ye:r  tho  inuiu 
Companies  do  not  boos  to  bo  over  anxious  to  inr. 
risks.  i'eunro.  twene  .  Phillips  irrt.odi:  tely  s 
to  pin eo  thin  .\drtit  tonal  insur woo,  nnd  they  ot 

y  the t  at 

;0  tv.  va 



ifco.v  wore  prott’-  iwo  of 
•ibic!  to  y.'J.'cic  tl«*  entire 
ii-itor  up  {,  '  n-i  if  1 
boon  fitioon  withl-s  thf 
notify  ,,on. 

!..lov;  this 

••  i  will 

Chin  *- apartment  b:vlc?t'  not  boon  , Wined 
by  tiio  :•  . -belie  -.oiii  nivir- :  on  o  f  t-  •  'inere-ee  J.u  ntoni. 
otniipiinnit  rrbvo;.  once  suoro  t>- « t  the  'ivl  Uon  ro  not 
oo-opowstiiv:  with  this;  '.'r -rtment  in  vo:-r<i  to 
insur-moo,  at-  Uio;/  chnuld  do  in  order  to  wo  perl;.* 
•-•rotoot  -.r.  V-iioon’o  iniorentn.  (bid  or  a  i  o  of 
loth  mb,  .’iir-.nci  l  tocutlvo'i  ,,  :,4:;.'v 
r,  :  ;;o« t  to  evor,?  TUvJ oion  -isr-ror  to ••  oilier:  ;  !.tf  :• 

;  ro  .'otl..  t»:o  v  le.'.ticit  liuU.iiwo,  o-;.ir:;:or't 

i'U.1  inventory.  the  s.erocnt  ;yo  of  rcti:oris»  -you"  wit; 
remember  v  .  oxtmwiy  u.i-.ll  .'.«d  unde-.-'  a.  to  of  :  •  bru-.r; 
.-nd,  1  Jib  this)  .'ej.artisoiit  iisuiieo.  ■  roj.j y  to  the  . i*oro 
i  ;out.lonod  uewor -niiu: .  roauosstiric  tint  Divioione  ir-bo 
.itv.:oii'  to  notion.  nemo lundimi  ii<!  not  brlnf.  ;  -nob 

bolter  rocuitu  ann  .vlion  tnlitin;.:  it  over  With  .on 
yon  v4.ll,  s>rob- bl.v  ranontior  ih-.t  it  vf  n  booidod  to 
lot  the  v.-ltor  root  «t  thnt  time  on  s  c count  of  y.ll  the 
’Uvialono  being  but-.v  oiooirif?  their  boobi  for  tho 
u  r.  In  :i  e'.orduneo  with  your  inotrue.iouo  of 
yes torduy  yftornoon  tcul.y  I.  writirt:  -neither 
:.:bmorar.dur»  on  154;.  puuo  «ub.}«iet  vhlefc  i  trust  •-1.U. 
briny  the  dec trod  rocn.ltu. 


•  o.-vloo  -;o>  •'■.rti  iont. 

0.0.  nostro.  5jort,  Chiw.juiuon,  o.;,.,:ilcon, 
./ . floworoft  1., /'iiaaor'  off. 

Juno  36th.  1916. 

Western  Fur  Dressing  &  Dyeing  Dorha, 

266  State  Street, 

St.  Paul,  Iiinn. 

Gontlomon : 

V.o  have  received  your  favor  of  the  19th  instant,  en¬ 
closing  contract  for  100  pounds  of  Paraphenylenediamine  per 
month  fro  Juno  to  December, 1916  at  §3.75  p  ;r  pound.  Please 
accept  our  thanks  therefor.  Kudosed  you  will  find  copy  of 
the  contract  signed  by  Mr.  Silicon. 

ns  you  stated  in  your  letter  that  you  aro  groatly  in 
need  of  Paraphenylenediamine,  wo  have  forwarded  60  pounds  by 
express*  and  trust  that  it  will  be  satisfactory  that  we  have 
sent  it  by  express  rather  than  by  freight. 

V.o  will  forward  to  you  two  shipments  of  50  pounds 
ovory  month,  ono  shipment  at  the  beginning  of  the  month,  and 
one  say,  in  tho  third  week  of  the  month.  How  will  that  suit 

Yours  vory  truly, 

Kdison  Laboratory . 

Knelosuro . 

June  26th.  1916. 

Mr.  liaison: 

1  examined  this  mill  sometime  ago  et  your  directions 
and  made  vorbal  report  to  you.  Cho  Fullor  Mill  is  en  oia  typo 
and  of  course  is  worn  in  all  parts,  Che  mill  is  in  practically 
the  same  condition  as  the  five  we  had  at  the  cement  plant  and 
could  bo  sot  up  and  operated  in  its  present  conditions,  and  would 
pulverize .  ffiio  shaft  and  bearings  are  worn  and  pushor  sleeve  is 
craclced,  but  wo  continuously  operated  them  in  this  condition. 

Che  mill  is  of  an  obsolete  typo  ana  I  would  not  recommend  it  for 
a  pormanont  installation  for  undoubtedly  there  arc  several  types 
of  more  efficient  mills  in  the  market.  I  believe  Mr.  Hudson  lias 
decided  to  put  in  a  Hardingo  mill  which  is  a  type  of  tube  mill 
and  I  believe  will  be  more  efficient  than  this  oia  typo  Fuller 

MuSOK  . 

Juno  27th.  19X6. 

Ur.  John  Bacon,  Jr., 

j.  Edison  Benaol  Plant, 
Johnstown,  Pa. 

Boar  Sir: 

LIr.  j'ivson  showed  mo  yesterday  your  lettor  about  tho 
strav/  oil  and  caustic  soda.  I  am  vory  sorry  for  tho  delay.  I 
ordered  both  the  caustic  soda  an  tho  straw  oil  immediately  on 
receipt  of  your  lotter  calling  for  same.  I  am  told  that  tho 
caustic  soda  was  shipped  from  Silver  Lake  on  June  ISth  and 
should  bo  in  your  hands  now. 

I  am  just  this  moment  in  receipt  of  your  telegram  stat¬ 
ing  that  you  have  had  no  notice  of  the  shipment  of  tho  car  of 
straw  oil.  I  am  sorry  for  the  delay.  Immediately  on  receipt  of 
your  letter  I  sent  an  order  through  to  tho  Purchasing  Bepartmont. 
Yes  tor  day,  .hen  i.lason  showed  mo  your  lottor  I  immediately 
called  the  Purchasing  Bepartmont  up  on  tho  tolcphono  requesting 
the  utmost  spoed  in  getting  this  order  filled.  I  will  now  rush 
them  again,  and  trust  that  some  results  will  be  forthcoming  right 

Yours  vory  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 



C.  21.  CDtson,  2Ben50l  #Iant 

-J  £-i.L£-^K-^y  _ 

iofmototon,  ffa.. 


*  /  J. 

C  -  crtCe-t  o-K^-y  - 

v_y  .  (-/  C''  r 

/  Cc'y  £czt-<d-  / 

^  t  6U->  ..  . y) 

^AUjuO  s^uUy 

'  fout/'  Ccc+tj 


Johnstown,  Pa. , 

June  27,  1916. 

Dear  Mr.  Maeon: 

We  started  changing  #1  Huzel  yesterday  and  will 
get  it  finished  by  to-morrow  morning  --  #  2  is  a  wouceer,  we 

made  yesterday  826  goes  on  it  and  for  four  hours  last  night 
the  steam  was  low,  or  we  would  have  gotten  900  goes.  It  works 
fine  no  pressure,  and  the  oil  goes  through  as  fast  as  we  can 
pump  it.  Nothing  to  it? 

I  have  given  an  order  to  the  Eng.  Dept,  for  a 
small  tank  to  take  care  of  the  Acid  tar,  36"  x  5',  this 
will  be  placed  near  the  washer  to  drain  the  tar  into  and  from 
there  (while  it  is  still  hot)  blow  it  with  air  to  Cambria's 
reclaiming  tank  --  This  takes  care  of  the  tar,  the  caustic 
they  are  going  to  let  go  into  the  drain. 

Their  present  idea  is  to  build  a  small  reservoir 
to  catch  this  drain  water  and  use  it  for  quenching  the  coke, 
of  course,  this  is  all  Cambria's  expense.  The  pay  roll  has 
not  arrived  yet,  6  days  late.  To  save  myself  a  lot  of  em¬ 
barrassment.  I  dug  up  4450.  to  pay  the  men. 

This  is  a  rotten  deal.  I  could  not  get  any  more 
from  Cambria  so  am  doing  all  this  work  myself.  I  have  put  on 
two  extra  men  until  this  is  finished.  We  have  a  good  deal  of 
work  on  hand.  I  want  to  put  in  two  extra  coolers,  (we  have 
them  on  hand,  some  that  have  had  new  tubes  put  in)  and  a  lot 
of  pipe  work  in  connection  with  the  Naphthaline  tank  and  acid 

I  like  the  plans  of  the  new  column  -  very  much, 
let  me  know  how  you  are  progressing  as  to  having  them  cast  so 
I  can  plan  to  receive  and  place  them. 

Yours  truly, 

/s/  Bacon. 


Harry  Miller:  Let  Eacon  have  capital  enough  ahead  for 
payroll,  this  will  stop  this  trouble 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Co. 

Oils,  Greases,  Acids,  Chemicals 

and  Dyestuffs  a 


New  York  City 

y/i  i 

,LC''  ;U'  1 

June  27,  1916. 

hr .  Keadowcroft , 

Edi so  n  lahorato rxeir;'  - 

0 range,  L'.J. 

Boar  Bir 

■ie  have  sent  to  the  following  a  letter,  as  ;i 
the  attached  copy,  which  is  so  If -explanatory .  Shis  v/c 
done  at  the  request  of  I,Ir,  Iloffinann. 

Si’.c  Bayer  Co., 

Siie  Keller  a  Herz  Co., 

II. A.  I,Iot a  &  Co., 

i7.  Bookers  Aniline  Ct  Chemical  7,'orks ,  Inc., 
Schoellkopf  aniline  &•  Chemical  i/orks,  Inc., 
Koidich  Process  Co., 

Hemingway  a  Co.  Inc., 
standard  Aniline  Products,  Inc. 

%■'  lik: 

Yours  very  truly, 


1 1  ^  ^  ^  ^  ^  ^-JtiEAIC^iihCj^jj  l,  .... 

h  ‘JC, 


The  Bayor  Co., 

Albany,  II. Y. 

Gent  lemon 

Juno  26,  1916. 

wo'  Trf.ll  havo  for  delivery  beginning  about 
August  1st  £onsid<fcne  in  the  form  of  Preo  Base,  Sul-  . 
phato  and  Hydro-Chlorate. 

T/o  will  bo  very  pleased  to  havo  you  ad  vino 
whothor  you  are  intorostod  in  those  materials,  and  if 
30,  whether  you  would  caro  to  entor  into  a  contract 
for  oithor  of  them  for  a  specified  amount  monthly  over 
a  period  of  six  months  or  a  year. 

If  you  will  advice  us  that  you  are  interest¬ 
ed,  wo  ’.7ill  bo  very  glad  to  submit  our  proposition  to  you. 
Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  oourtosy. 

Yours  very  truly, 



m.  EDISON, 


Dear  Sir:- 

At  tlio  beginning  of  oporation  of  tho  Anilino  Plant,  it  had  been  our 
praotioe  to  pay  tho  operatives  for  on  8  how  day,  30  Bento  per  hour,  tho  fore¬ 
men  of  operations,  <10  cento  per  hour,  and  gonoral  foremen  <J3fr  cents  por  hour.- 
As  nev;  men  wore  employed  to  toko  tho  place  of  oome  who  had  loft,  or  to  caro  for 
the  additional  work  found  nococoaiy  in  the  mill,  tho  mon  who  had  boen  in  the 
service  longer  did  not  rolioh  seeing  tho  new  handn  being  employed  at  tho  same 
rate  por  hour  as  thoy  wore  receiving,  iind  roquosted  no  to  grant  thorn  an  increase, 
l'hls  was  denied,  and  wo  adopted  tho  plan  when  engaging  now  help  to  pay  them  35  ote, 
per  hour,  and  ao  they  became  proficient  they  were  increased  to  27$-  ote.  per  hour,- 
and  if.  thoy  merited  it,  thoy  waro  afterwards  given  n  further  inaroaoe  to  30  oonta 
per  hour.  The  conditions  ofi  labor  aro,  and  have  boon,  ouch  thut  it  became  ne¬ 
cessary  in  many  oaooo  to  nol:o  thoeo  Inoroaeoe  follow  oloaoly  upon  each  othor, 
in  order  to  retain  tho  holp  then  oraployod. 

A  petition  wao  preeonted  to  us,  eigned  by  approximately  all  tho  men 
of  tho  Anilino  Plant,  demanding  an  inoroaeo  in  wagos  to  the  oxtant  of  35  cente 
por  hour.  Thiu  wao  refused,  and  they  oonaonted  to  remain  at  their  work  at 
30  eents  por  hour,  having  confidence  in  uo  to  oontinuo  the  employment  of  new 
mon  in  the  method  I  havo  abovo  deacribod. 

Thio  memorandum  is  hunded  you  booau3o  tho  qunotion  ie  about  to  be 
raised  ao  to  tho  reason  for  our  giving  ouch  rapid  increases,  and  your  approval 
of  the  plan  wo  have  followed,  indicated  horeon,  will  bo  very  rauoh  appreciated. 

Yours  very  truly, 

p.  c.  Christensen. 

Hew  Yorlc.^une  29th.  1916. 

Dear  Ur.  Ueadoweroft:  Qcn* fj 

X  went  over  the  figures  submitted  to  me  by  Ur.  Christensen  and  ±^6. 
that  they  are  all  theoretically  right. 

By  careful  testing  with  red  litmus  paper  he  might  save  some  Soda  when 
making  the  combination  with  Phenol. 

Salt  he  will  surely  save  if  he  allows  the  combination  liquid  to  stand 
over  night  as  we  have  talked  it  over. 

He  will  probably  also  use  less  zinc  dust  if  he  carries  out  the  experi¬ 
ment  we  thought  might  lead  to  this  favorable  end.  I  hope  that  nothing  but 
sucoess  will  crown  your  efforst.  I  am  going  away  tomorrow  over  the  holiday 
and  hope  to  be  back  in  Hew  York  Saturday  of  next  week. 

Ueanwhile  I  should  like  you  to  submit  to  UT.  Edison  my  idea  concerning 
phonographic  records. 

Uany  users  of  Ur.  Edison’s  machine  and  myself  think  that  the  orchestra 
whieh^he  uses  is  very,  very  poor,  much  poorer  than  those  of  his  competitors. 

/Bow  I  have  a  .  riend  who  has,  as  is  generally  considered,  the  best 
orchestra  in  the  City,  namely,  Mr.  Hathan  ErankO.  He  plays  at  the  most 
elegant  functions  of  our  richest  socidty  and  also  in  some  hotels.  During 
the  summer  he  is  not  much  engaged  and  I  am  sure  that  Ur.  Edison  might  come 
rto  terms  with  him.  Ur*  Erariko  is  in  my  opinion  one  of  the  greatest  violin 
players  and  X  am  sure  that  his  solos  would  surpass  those  of  Spalding  of  Mr. 
Edison's  records.  Mr.  Erahko  is  spending  his  summer  in  long  Beach  and  I 
would  be  very  much  pleased  if  I  could  bring  him  Hnd  Mr1  Edison  together. 

\  Can  you  do  anything  for  me  in  this  matter? 

wi.1<h  kindest  regards,  I  am, 

Yours  sincerely, 

(signed)  H.  Schweitzer. 

XaOTTJ:®  LAZiffiB 

Dyestuffs  —  CiiemihatjS 

92  William  Street 
New  York 

\  sdh: 

June  £9th  1916. 

Mr .  Mead  owe ro  ft , 

o/o  Mr.  'i’hos.  A  Adii 
Orange  H.  J. 
My  dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft: 

'L  efA^'" 


,7  j-a— —  /- 

Some  time  ago,  you  asked  me  for  a  quotation  on 
.•i  trite  ,;o  -a  I  received,  a  cablegram  from  my  Mona  on  offioey 
quoting  me  ^ 25 5. 00  per  ton  of  2240  pounds,  f.o.b.  French  j?o*'t , 
subject  to  export  licenses  being  granted,  not  cash  against  y 

I  trust  to  be  favored  with  your  orders  and  in  the 
meantime,  I  am 

Yours  very  truly 

?f  A  <  Clo  <s: 

/  .  -  */  //3  S' 

June  29,  1.916. 

Mr.  V.'.  H.  Meadawcroft, 

o/o  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc. , 

Orange,  E.  J. 

Dear  Mr,  Meadawcroft: 

Mr.  I.  Brocher,  Sales  Manager  of  the  Globe  Chemical 
Company  202-204  Centre  Street,  Hew  York,  is  interested  in  the 
following  chemicals.  Paraphenylenediamine,  Bensidine,  Aniline  Oil, 
Aniline  Salt,  Dimethyl  Aniline.  Would  you  he  good  enough  to  advise 
me  if  you  can  supply  these  various  chemicals,  stating  the  quantities 
and  prices  respectively. 

Awaiting  with  interest  your  reply,  X  am, 

Yours  very  truly..—  s—  ? 


Edison  General  File  Series 
1916.  Chemicals  (E-16-16) 

July  let.  1916. 

Ur.  nobert  lossior, 

141  Broadway, 

Bow  York  City. 

Boar  Ur.  hosier: 

Koplying  to  your  favor  of  the  £9th  ultimo,  let  mo  say  that 
out  of  tuo  variou"  chemicals  that  you  mention  v.e  arc  not  making  ^on- 
zidino,  or  himothyl  Aniline.  ■  o  .0  -nilino  -ii,  wo  are  at  present 
under  an  arrangement  with  tho  .  mariean  Oil  w  ■■-upply_  Bomnc-ny  1.0  tuxo 
tho  excess  over  our  contracts,  and  I  think  you  wouly  fine  that  they 
would  make  you  a  very  roneonnWo  =•  notation,  os  X  happen  to  know  that 
they  are  suite  willing  to: isposc  of  some  of  their  stock  at  a  vary 
closo  figure,  fi-is ,  however,  is  between  ourselves. 

|  afi  to  -nili;:s  ..alt,  -.0  stake 

'pros out  time,  and  are  unable  to  give  < 
1  however,  is  contemplating  tho  putting 
within  tho  next  few  wo  oka,  in  thick  or 
of.  I  .m  unsble,  however,  to  say  any! 
at  tho  noment,  bocauso  it  all  hinges  1 
ho  able  to  got  apparatus  quickly. 

only  for  tv.o  customers  at  the 
mutations  to  others.  ~r.  Bdison, 
~ut>  of  an  addition  to  his  plant 
tec  wo  snail  have  more  to  disposo 
thins:  definite  about  this  just 
jn  tho  tucction  whether  wo  shall 

..s  to  farawhonylenedianino,  wo  arc 
our  contract  roouiromontb,  end  at  this  tiiao 
ply  you  ith  from  1  to  £00  pounds  on  fairly 
this  is  04.00  por  pound,  and  hr.  a&ison  v. r"1 
of  20^  i.or  pound. 

making  some  excess  over 
70  are  in  position  to  oup- 
fiort  notice.  Our  price  on 
allow  you  a  commission 

Yours  vary  truly. 

assistant  to  Hr .  iidison. 

decrease  during  the  summer  months, 
hereafter  data  from: our  records  up  t 












■  2,154,086 
\2, 295, 142 

f  2,524,670  ''N 
1  2,792,538  J 

For  your  information  X  bog  to  givo  you 
i  and  including  the  month  of  June: 

Consumption  of  Coal  for  1  day, 
according  to  daily  report. 
_ Founds _ 

48 ,260 

Those  figures  prove  that ,  although  no  stoam  is  used  at  prose 
for  heating  purposes,  tho  total  consumption  of  coal  in  June  v;as  almost  as 
hi {51  as  in  February,  and  not  much  lower  than  in  Llarch,  the  latter  being  t 
month|  with  the  highest  coal  consumption  so  far. 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Co. 

Oils,  Greases,  Acids,  Chemicals 

52-54-50  Lafayette  Street 

Newark^N.J.  July  3rd,  1916. 

Mr.  T.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

Mr.  W.  H.  Meadowcroft. 

Hie  third  and  last  lot  of  Oil  of  llyrbane  is 
■being  returned  by  the  Monsanto  Chemical  Works,  St. 

Louie,  Mo.  It  has  been  impossible  to  suit  these  people. 

These  ten  drums  were  returned  June  23rd  from 
St.  Louis  consigned  to  American  Oil  &  Supply  Co.,,  cere 
of  T.  A.  Edison,  Silver  Lake,  N.  J. ,  in  N.Y.C.&  H.R.  car 

We  enclose  copy  of  B/L  together  with  their 
freight  bill  for  §75.60  outgoing  freight  which  we  must 
in  turn  allow  to  them. 

Will  you  kindly  see  that  when  these  goode 
arrive  they  are  credited  to  our  account.  We  have  charged 
them  up  to  you  and  formal  invoice  will  go  forward  under 
separate  cover. 

We  are  not  going  to  try  to  please  these  people 
further  as  our  experience  with  them  has  been  very  un¬ 

Yours  very  truly, 

American  Oil  &  Supoly  Co., 

fi/jP), . ** 

/  {  '’Secretary. 


July  5th.  1916. 

Elyria  Enameled  Products  Company, 

Elyria,  uhio. 

Gontlomon : 

1  am  ..riting  in  tho  hope  that  you  may 
have  caught  up  fairly  wo  11  with  your  orders,  and 
that  you  might  he  able  to  furnish  a  still  of  about 
:.D  gallons  capacity  within  a  short  time. 

tenet  encouragement  can  you  offer? 
lours  very  truly. 

P.S.  Please  mark  your  reply  for  attention  of  ilr. 
.Vioadov.eroft . 

July  5  th.  1916. 

American  oil  Si  Supply  so., 

52  Lafayotto  Street, 

llowark,  Xl.  J. 

Gontlomon : 

I  am  writing  now  in  rogard  to  tho  adjustment  of  deliveries 
of  ihonol  as  between  Do.  1  and  Ho.  2  Plants. 

Under  our  contract  arrangements  with  you  wo  arc  to  supply 
you  with  2500  pounds  of  rhonol  per  day.  -his  has  usually  boon  de¬ 
livered  from  Iio .  2  Plant,  when  wo  started  the  bottling  business, 
however,  we  found  it  was  desirable  from  our  manufacturing  standpoint : 
o  havo  tho  bottle  Phenol  put  up  at  ilo.  1  Plant.  V«e  will,  therefore,  - 
adjust  the  matter  each  month  by  deducting  from  the  usual  dclivorios 
to  you  from  ilo.  2  Plant  the  cmantith  that  has  been  bottled  and 
shipped  during  the  month  by  iio.  1  Plant.  . 

At  this  writing  the  shipments  stand  as  follows:  Ho.  1  Plant 
shipped -to  you  in  Juno  a  total  of  4440  pounds  of  Phenol  in  bottles.1'', 
l?or  tho  sake  of  making  easy  delivery  in  standard  packages,  lot  us  call 
this  4500  pounds.  -V 

Eo  adjust  this,  we  should  omit  delivering  4500  pounds  fromv 
Ho-  2  Plant.  Of  this  4500  wo  omitted  one  dny-is  delivery,  namely,  \ 
2500  pounds,  one  day  at  tho  latter  end  of  last  month,  and  to  complete 
the  adjustment  wo  will  deliver  to  you  tomorrow/  from  Ho.  2  Plant  only 
500  pounds,  instead  of  2500  pounds,  thus  making  a  total  omiBsion  in 
billing  from  Ho.  2  Plant  of  45u0  pounds.  , 

Crusting  this  will  be  satisfactory  to  you,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Edison. 

E.I.du  Pont  de  Nemours  X  Company 



Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Gentlemen:  Attention  of  Mr,  Meadowcrof. 

Referring  to  your  letter  of  the  let  Inst,  with  regard  to  the 
shipment  of  o.  p.  toluol  to  .us  in  tank  oars  instead  of  drumsffor  the 
present  fenno,  at  least,  we  have  no  objection  to  your  shipping  in  tank 
oars,  provided  of  course,  that  you  furnish  the  oar,  as  we  have  at  this 
time  no  tank  oars  suitable  for  the  transportation  of  water-white  o.  p. 
material  except  those  whioh  are  required  for  handling  the  production 
of  our  Refineries. 

you  state  that  you  are  producing  somewhat  more  than  130  gallons 
per  day  at  Johnstown,  but  do  not  indicate  how  much.  As  your  laet  ship¬ 
ment  to  us  was  made  on  June  19th,  presumably  you  will  be  able  to  load 
an  8,000  gallon  tank  oar  by  the  middle  of  August,  or  there  about. 

Will  you  kindly  advise  whether  you  desire  to  move  this  material, 
for  the  time  being,  in  tank  cars,  and  what  is  your  approximate  produc¬ 
tion  per  day  at  the'  present  time. 



u&g,  u.ctT't'Z.. 

M*  t** 

*cLLs-<L<.£.cs**ju('  O-k-bso-t  *>-Ct — -o  .(/>  cc  t  c-  < 
0CZ  H — ■  ULc-jrp't  .^  '  &l  jt>c-c  c'Q  t. 
Qcc.Cn  crLpi^o,  kp-(^tc*  /”C- 

<a_>-u^  j2.-£P-  A "■  J/ '  <--.• —  <j  d?-t,CC  % &a, 

6im  y^ 

C<f<  j£A*  ^  ^  |8L<A  <■  ' 

K‘-Cv'r<fc-  £*~i  C  < V  Ui^O 

.  pC .*-1.  A  cr.Lt  o4'rC'\  A  «-•—  ■  .  il  I'1 

\U_.£-  (%  t {Ccr  IL  Ct?%  ^6|a,c.e  Cc-A 

ossa  ckh<p.  Cc4  S  c"-!  o  ^LclcCf  /.t«c  <■,</  J 

dc(C^4"  X  (^6^ 


Ka\C>  ce±  of  L-(S~  <*=  l-  ^ 

O  <rcC  C  J-/^Cc  <jT  (’■<*?-'■  \,  tz 

Lt^C-UC  £H-C,3l  c+" .  J' fO  p  fA  /  '•<■ 

! iuov^<?t£0-*'u  (' i>  •<■'&/.  t  X 

j  6"f  Vm  &.  (\  <-p> 

~tfL  defl^Ca.  c^*&, •  L  "  ^  "  ■ 

X  -I./.?  log,  lc* 

“td  J^  ca/uL^  ‘  I  Lc-o  Vt_«_  uJCC*--<t  ^ 

A-o  '%.  &:'t~\l  e£-*C'£.  Q-«>  6^w 

,  f 



■ju.Cs\  irCrc  u 

rc-  X 

^6  O.C 

k-'  iw 


Silver  Lake,  II.  J., 
July  Gth,  1916. 

Hr.  V/.  II.  Meodowcroft : 

Subject:  .  .  xSODDCTIOl!  .  OP  P.  PHEHOI. 

Iloforring  to  our  telephone  convoreation  of  yesterday,  I  bos  to 
submit  hereafter  a  record  of  our  monthly  and  daily  production,  beGinnins 
Marsh,  1915,  and  closing  with  June,  1916. 

Month  Ho.  of  days 
in  month 


March  31 

April  30 

May  31 

June  30 

July  31 

Ausust  31 

September  30 

Octobor  31 

Kovembor  30 

Decombor  31 


January  31 

February  29 

March  31 

Aoril  30 

May  31 

Juno  30 

Ho.  of  working  Production 

days  in  month  total 

in  lbs. 

Production  per 
day  of  working 
month  . day 

31  115,109 

30  94,809 

31  100,217 

30  122,126 

31  131,577 

31  140,737 

23  137,866 

31  165,822 

27  199,977 

22  170,030 

23  162,729 

24  160,293 

27  172,132 

21  173,739 

26  194,032 

23  185,646 

3,393.5  3,393.5 

3.162.9  3,162.9 

3.490.9  3,490.9 

4,070.8  4,070.8 

4.244.4  4,244.4 

4.539.9  4,539.9 

4.595.5  4,923.7 

5,349.  5,349. 

6.665.9  7,406.5 

5,484.8  7,729.5 

5.249.3  7,075.17 

5.527.3  6,678.8 

5.552.6  6,375.2 

5.791.3  8,273.28 

6,259.  7,462.7 

6,188.  8,071.5. 

2he  above  record  shows  that  up  to  Octobor,  1915,  we  were  work¬ 
ing  every  day  in  the  month,  i.e.,  week-day  as  well  as  Sunday,  with  tho  excep¬ 
tion  of  September,  when  to  lost  two  days  owing  to  labor  trouble.  From  Kovcn- 
bor,  1915,  on  our  facilities  for  manufacturing  Phenol  were  increased  so  far 
that  we  could  produce  7,000  lbs.  per  v;o rking  day,  and  moro,  but  at  tho  same 
time  the  congestion^  of  the  traffic  on  the  railroads  caused  a  certain  lack  of 
raw  material,  decreasing  tho  number  of  working  days  per  month  more  or  loss. 
Mhorefore,  from  January  of  this  year  on  wo  abandonnod  work  on  Sundays  Generally, 
being  well  able  to  dispose  of  tho  incoming  raw  material  by  working  on  week-days 

In  spite  of  losing  in  April  by  labor  trouble,  and  in  June  by  firo 
a  few  days,  wo  could,  dispose  of  all  tho  raw  material  coming  in,  and  I  tried  as 
far  as  possible  to  koop  our  daily  production  corresponding  to  the  supply  of  raw 
material.  It  is  readily  to  be  seen  from  our  daily  roports/which  roach  you 
every  afternoon.that  during  a  number  of  days  in  June  we  wore  very  close  to 
running  out  of  raw  material;  in  fact,  if  we  had  not  slowed  down, when  our  stock 
of  raw  material  was  low,  we  would  have  had  to  shut  down  on 

1'ho  record  shows,  furthermore ,  that  by  di.vidi.n5  the  total 
production  per  month  by  the  warkinG  days,  we  reach  an  average  daily  pro- 
iluctlon  of  r.ioro  than  G,000  lba tr  Consequently,  v.’e  '.  ill  be  in  riosltion 
to  raise  our  monthly  production  easily  to  "10,000  lbs.  and  higher  at  any 
time  when  the  incoming  raw  material  allows  such  higher  production,  end 
provided  that  you  may  kindly  inform  me  that  tiro  higher  production  is 

Laboratory  of